Elizabeth II has been Queen of the United Kingdom, Canada and New Zealand since 6 February 1952. Elizabeth was born in London as the eldest child of the Duke and Duchess of York, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth and her father acceded to the throne on the abdication of his brother Edward VIII in 1936, from which time she was the heir presumptive. She began to undertake duties during the Second World War. Elizabeths many historic visits and meetings include a visit to the Republic of Ireland. She has seen major changes, such as devolution in the United Kingdom, Canadian patriation. She has reigned through various wars and conflicts involving many of her realms and she is the worlds oldest reigning monarch as well as Britains longest-lived. In October 2016, she became the longest currently reigning monarch, in 2017 she became the first British monarch to commemorate a Sapphire Jubilee. Elizabeth has occasionally faced republican sentiments and press criticism of the family, support for the monarchy remains high.
Elizabeth was born at 02,40 on 21 April 1926, during the reign of her paternal grandfather and her father, Prince Albert, Duke of York, was the second son of the King. Her mother, Duchess of York, was the youngest daughter of Scottish aristocrat Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and she was delivered by Caesarean section at her maternal grandfathers London house,17 Bruton Street, Mayfair. Elizabeths only sibling, Princess Margaret, was born in 1930, the two princesses were educated at home under the supervision of their mother and their governess, Marion Crawford, who was casually known as Crawfie. Lessons concentrated on history, language and music, Crawford published a biography of Elizabeth and Margarets childhood years entitled The Little Princesses in 1950, much to the dismay of the royal family. The book describes Elizabeths love of horses and dogs, her orderliness, others echoed such observations, Winston Churchill described Elizabeth when she was two as a character. She has an air of authority and reflectiveness astonishing in an infant and her cousin Margaret Rhodes described her as a jolly little girl, but fundamentally sensible and well-behaved.
During her grandfathers reign, Elizabeth was third in the line of succession to the throne, behind her uncle Edward, Prince of Wales, and her father, the Duke of York. Although her birth generated public interest, she was not expected to become queen, many people believed that he would marry and have children of his own. When her grandfather died in 1936 and her uncle succeeded as Edward VIII, she became second-in-line to the throne, that year, Edward abdicated, after his proposed marriage to divorced socialite Wallis Simpson provoked a constitutional crisis. Consequently, Elizabeths father became king, and she became heir presumptive, if her parents had had a son, she would have lost her position as first-in-line, as her brother would have been heir apparent and above her in the line of succession
Undergarments are items of clothing worn beneath outer clothes, usually in direct contact with the skin, although they may comprise more than a single layer. In cold weather, long underwear is sometimes worn to provide additional warmth, special types of undergarments have religious significance. Some items of clothing are designed as undergarments, while others, such as T-shirts, if made of suitable material or textile, some undergarments can serve as nightwear or swimsuits, and some are intended for sexual attraction or visual appeal. Undergarments are generally of two types, those that are worn to cover the torso and those that are worn to cover the waist and legs, different styles of undergarments are generally worn by females and males. Undergarments commonly worn by females today include bras and panties, while males often wear briefs, items commonly worn by both sexes include T-shirts, sleeveless shirts, bikini underwear, and G-strings. Undergarments are known by a number of terms, in the United States, womens underwear may be known as delicates due to the recommended washing machine cycle or because they are, simply put, delicate.
Womens undergarments collectively are called lingerie and they are called intimate clothing and intimates. An undershirt is a piece of underwear covering the torso, while underpants, terms for specific undergarments are shown in the table below. Not wearing underpants under outer clothing is known in American slang as freeballing for men, the act of a woman not wearing a bra is sometimes referred to as freeboobing. Underwear is worn for a variety of reasons and they keep outer garments from being soiled by perspiration, semen, menstrual blood and feces. Womens brassieres provide support for the breasts, and mens briefs serve the function for the male genitalia. A corset may be worn as a garment to alter a womans body shape. For additional support and protection when playing sports, men often wear more tightly fitting underwear, including jockstraps and jockstraps with cup pocket and protective cup. Women may wear sports bras which provide support, thus increasing comfort. In cold climates, underwear may constitute an additional layer of clothing helping to keep the wearer warm, Underwear may be used to preserve the wearers modesty – for instance, some women wear camisoles and slips under clothes that are sheer.
Conversely, some types of underwear can be worn for sexual titillation, such as underwear, crotchless panties. Some items of clothing are designed exclusively as underwear, while others such as T-shirts, the suitability of underwear as outer clothing is, apart from the indoor or outdoor climate, largely dependent on societal norms and the requirements of the law. If made of material, some underwear can serve as nightwear or swimsuits
Western dress codes
In color theory, a color scheme is the choice of colors used in design for a range of media. For example, the Achromatic use of a background with black text is an example of a basic. Color schemes are used to style and appeal. Colors that create a feeling when used together will commonly accompany each other in color schemes. A basic color scheme will use two colors that look appealing together, the addition of light blue creates an Accented Analogous color scheme. Color schemes can contain different Monochromatic shades of a color, for example. A color scheme in marketing is referred to as a dress and can be sometimes be copyrighted. Color schemes are described in terms of logical combinations of colors on a color wheel. Different types of schemes are used, Monochromatic colors are all the colors of a single hue. Monochromatic color schemes are derived from a single hue, and extended using its shades and tints (that is. As a result, the energy is more subtle and peaceful due to a lack of contrast of hue.
For the mixing of colored light, Newtons color wheel is used to describe complementary colors. Newton offered as a conjecture that colors exactly opposite one another on the hue circle cancel out each others hue, this concept was demonstrated more thoroughly in the 19th century. A key assumption in Newtons hue circle was that the fiery or maximum saturated hues are located on the circumference of the circle, while achromatic white is at the center. The split-complementary color scheme is a variation of the color scheme. In addition to the color, it uses the two Analogous colors adjacent to its complement. Split-complementary color scheme has the strong visual contrast as the complementary color scheme. Any color that lacks strong chromatic content is said to beunsaturated, pure achromatic colors include black and all grays, near neutrals include browns, tans and darker colors
Formal wear and formal dress wear are general terms for clothing suitable for formal social events, such as a wedding, formal garden party or dinner, débutante cotillion, dance, or race. A dress code is a set of governing a certain combination of clothing, some examples are black tie. Formal dress is the grouping of all the codes which govern clothes worn to formal events. The dress code considered formal in the evening is white tie, in the UK, morning dress is standard formal day time clothing, but in the US/Canada morning dress is rare, having been replaced with the stroller and the lounge, or business suit. Morning dress, does remain in certain settings in Europe, the continual relaxation of formal dress standards since the end of the Second World War is redefining what clothes constitute formal and semi-formal dress. The original term full dress was used in the 19th century and they indicated different clothes, but correspond somewhat to the 21st-century structure of formal, semi-formal, and informal.
Moreover, modern advisers recommend black tie for events traditionally considered to require formal dress, particularly in America, but around the Western world, there has been a relaxation regarding the dress codes themselves, with full formal dress almost unheard of in many places. The dress codes counted as formal wear are the dress codes of white tie for evenings. Although some consider black tie for the evening and strollers for daytime, as formal, they are semi-formal attires, the clothes dictated by these dress codes for women are ball gowns. For many uniforms, the clothing is unisex. Examples of this are law court dress and graduate dress, formal military uniforms, women wear a variety of dresses. See ball gowns, evening gowns, and wedding dresses, business attire for women has a developmental history of its own and generally looks different from formal dress for social occasions. Morning dress is the formal dress code, consisting chiefly for men of a morning coat and striped trousers.
In Western formal state ceremonies and social functions, foreign dignitaries, many cultures have formal evening and day dress, for example, Daura-Suruwal — worn as formal dress by men in Nepal. Scottish kilt — worn as formal dress by men in Scotland or of Scottish descent Bunad — worn as formal dress by women and men in Norway, folkdräkt — worn as formal dress by women and men in Sweden. Hátíðarbúningur — worn by men in Iceland to formal events such as state dinners, dhoti — worn by men in Pakistan, Bangladesh, the Maldives, and Sri Lanka. Sari — worn by women in India, Bangladesh, shalwar kameez — worn by both men and women in Pakistan and Bangladesh. Sherwani worn by men in India and Pakistan Dashiki — worn by men in West African countries, barong Tagalog — worn by men in the Philippines
The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays, or else they turn over the football to the opposing team, if they succeed, they are given a new set of four downs. Points are primarily scored by advancing the ball into the teams end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponents goalposts for a field goal. The team with the most points at the end of a game wins, American football evolved in the United States, originating from the sports of association football and rugby football. The first game of American football was played on November 6,1869, during the latter half of the 1870s, colleges playing association football switched to the Rugby Union code, which allowed carrying the ball. American football as a whole is the most popular sport in the United States, Professional football and college football are the most popular forms of the game, with the other major levels being high school and youth football. As of 2012, nearly 1.1 million high school athletes and 70,000 college athletes play the sport in the United States annually, almost all of them men, in the United States, American football is referred to as football.
The term football was established in the rulebook for the 1876 college football season. The terms gridiron or American football are favored in English-speaking countries where other codes of football are popular, such as the United Kingdom, New Zealand, American football evolved from the sports of association football and rugby football. What is considered to be the first American football game was played on November 6,1869 between Rutgers and Princeton, two college teams, the game was played between two teams of 25 players each and used a round ball that could not be picked up or carried. It could, however, be kicked or batted with the feet, head or sides, Rutgers won the game 6 goals to 4. Collegiate play continued for years in which matches were played using the rules of the host school. Representatives of Yale, Columbia and Rutgers met on October 19,1873 to create a set of rules for all schools to adhere to. Teams were set at 20 players each, and fields of 400 by 250 feet were specified, Harvard abstained from the conference, as they favored a rugby-style game that allowed running with the ball.
An 1875 Harvard-Yale game played under rugby-style rules was observed by two impressed Princeton athletes and these players introduced the sport to Princeton, a feat the Professional Football Researchers Association compared to selling refrigerators to Eskimos. Princeton, Harvard and Columbia agreed to play using a form of rugby union rules with a modified scoring system. These schools formed the Intercollegiate Football Association, although Yale did not join until 1879, the introduction of the snap resulted in unexpected consequences. Prior to the snap, the strategy had been to punt if a scrum resulted in bad field position, however, a group of Princeton players realized that, as the snap was uncontested, they now could hold the ball indefinitely to prevent their opponent from scoring. In 1881, both teams in a game between Yale-Princeton used this strategy to maintain their undefeated records, each team held the ball, gaining no ground, for an entire half, resulting in a 0-0 tie
Sneakers are shoes primarily designed for sports or other forms of physical exercise. Sneakers have evolved to be used for everyday activities. The term generally describes a type of footwear with a sole made of rubber or synthetic material. Examples of such shoes include athletic footwear such as, basketball shoes, tennis shoes, cross trainers, the term sneakers is most commonly used in the Northeastern United States and Southern Florida. It is used in North Carolina and Canada, the British English equivalent of sneaker in its modern form is trainer. In some urban areas in the United States, the slang for sneakers is kicks, plimsolls are low tech athletic shoes, and are called sneakers in American English and daps in Welsh English. The word sneaker is often attributed to American Henry Nelson McKinney who was an agent for N. W. Ayer & Son. In 1917, he used the term because the sole made the shoe stealthy. The word was already in use at least as early as 1887, the name sneakers originally referred to how quiet the rubber soles were on the ground, in contrast to noisy standard hard leather sole dress shoes.
Someone wearing sneakers could sneak up on someone while someone wearing standards could not, earlier the name sneaks had been used by prison inmates to refer to warders because of the rubber-soled shoes they wore. Alternatively, just like the Plimsoll line on a ship, if water got above the line of the rubber sole, plimsolls were widely worn by vacationers and began to be worn by sportsmen on the tennis and croquet courts for their comfort. Special soles with engraved patterns to increase the grip of the shoe were developed. Athletic shoes were used for leisure and outdoor activities at the turn of the 20th century - plimsolls were even found with the ill-fated Scott Antarctic expedition of 1911. Plimsolls were made compulsory in schools physical education lessons in the UK, British company J. W. Foster and Sons designed and produced the first shoes designed for running in 1895, the shoes were spiked to allow for greater traction and speed. This style of footwear became prominent in America at the turn of the 20th century, in 1892, the U. S.
Rubber Company introduced the first rubber-soled shoes in the country, sparking a surge in demand and production. The first basketball shoes were designed by Spalding as early as 1907, the market for sneakers grew after World War I, when sports and athletics increasingly became a way to demonstrate moral fiber and patriotism. The U. S. market for sneakers grew steadily as young boys lined up to buy sneakers endorsed by football player Jim Thorpe, during the interwar period, athletic shoes began to be marketed for different sports, and differentiated designs were made available for men and women. Athletic shoes were used by competing athletes at the Olympics, helping to popularise athletic shoes among the general public, in 1936, a French brand, Spring Court, marketed the first canvas tennis shoe featuring signature eight ventilation channels on a vulcanised natural rubber sole
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II. A member of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, Philip was born into the Greek and he was born in Greece, but his family was exiled from the country when he was an infant. After being educated in France and the United Kingdom, he joined the Royal Navy in 1939, from July 1939, he began corresponding with the 13-year-old Princess Elizabeth, whom he had first met in 1934. During the Second World War he served with the Mediterranean and Pacific fleets, after the war, Philip was granted permission by King George VI to marry Elizabeth. After an engagement of five months, he married Elizabeth on 20 November 1947, just before the wedding, he was created Duke of Edinburgh. Philip left active service when Elizabeth became Queen in 1952. He was formally made a Prince of the United Kingdom in 1957, Philip has four children with Elizabeth, Prince Charles, Princess Anne, Prince Andrew, and Prince Edward. He has eight grandchildren and five great-grandchildren, a keen sports enthusiast, Philip helped develop the equestrian event of carriage driving.
He is a patron of over 800 organisations and serves as chairman of the Duke of Edinburghs Award scheme for people aged 14 to 24 and he is the longest-serving consort of a reigning British monarch and the oldest-ever male member of the British royal family. Philips four elder sisters were Margarita, Cecilie, and he was baptised into the Greek Orthodox Church. His godparents were Queen Olga of Greece and the Mayor of Corfu, shortly after Philips birth, his maternal grandfather, Prince Louis of Battenberg, known as Louis Mountbatten, Marquess of Milford Haven, died in London. Louis was a naturalised British citizen, after a career in the Royal Navy, had renounced his German titles and adopted the surname Mountbatten during the First World War. After visiting London for the memorial and his mother returned to Greece where Prince Andrew had remained behind to command an army division embroiled in the Greco-Turkish War, the war went badly for Greece and the Turks made large gains. On 22 September 1922, Philips uncle, King Constantine I, was forced to abdicate, the commander of the army, General Georgios Hatzianestis, and five senior politicians were executed.
Prince Andrews life was believed to be in danger, and Alice was under surveillance, in December, a revolutionary court banished Prince Andrew from Greece for life. The British naval vessel HMS Calypso evacuated Prince Andrews family, with Philip carried to safety in a cot made from a fruit box. Philips family went to France, where settled in the Paris suburb of Saint-Cloud in a house lent to them by his wealthy aunt, Princess George of Greece. Because Philip left Greece as a baby, he not have a strong grasp of Greek
A leotard /ˈliəˌtɑːrd/ is a unisex skin-tight one-piece garment that covers the torso but leaves the legs free, made famous by the French acrobatic performer Jules Léotard. There are sleeveless, short-sleeved and long-sleeved leotards, a variation is the unitard, which covers the legs. Leotards are worn by acrobats, dancers, figure skaters, athletes and they are often worn together with ballet skirts on top and tights or sometimes bike shorts as underwear. As a casual garment, a leotard can be worn with a belt, leotards are entered through the neck. Scoop-necked leotards have wide openings and are held in place by the elasticity of the garment. Others are crew necked or polo necked and close at the back of the neck with a zipper or snaps. Leotards are used for a variety of purposes, including yoga, cardiovascular exercise, dance, as pajamas, for additional layered warmth under clothing and they may form a part of childrens dressing up and play outfits and can be worn as a top. Leotards are commonly worn in figure skating, postwar modern dance, traditional ballet and gymnastics, many leotards are cut high enough above the legs that they expose underwear.
For this reason, underwear is often omitted, or special underwear, gymnastics judges can deduct points for visible underwear. For example, in the movie Stick It, a competitor had her score deducted for a technicality of showing a bra strap, the first known use of the name leotard came only in 1886, many years after Léotards death. Léotard himself called the garment a maillot, which is a general French word for different types of tight-fitting shirts or sports shirts, in the early 20th century, leotards were mainly confined to circus and acrobatic shows, worn by the specialists who performed these acts. The 1920s and 1930s saw leotards influencing the style of swimsuits, leotards were worn by professional dancers such as the showgirls of Broadway. Stage use of the leotard typically coordinated the garment with stockings or tights and these were almost always black and worn together with thick tights. Between 1950 and 1970, leotards remained as such in appearance until a change in the 1970s, with more colorful leotards appearing on the scene, most often in ballet.
By the late 1970s leotards had become common both as exercise and street wear, popularized by the disco craze, and aerobics fashion craze of the time. These leotards were produced in a variety of nylon and spandex materials, as well as the traditional cotton previously used for uni-colored leotards. Exercise videos by such as Jane Fonda did much to popularize the garment. The dancewear company Danskin flourished during this period, producing a variety of leotards for both dance and street wear
Surfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides on the forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the surfer towards the shore. Waves suitable for surfing are primarily found in the ocean, surfers can utilize artificial waves such as those from boat wakes and the waves created in artificial wave pools. The term surfing refers to the act of riding a wave, regardless of whether the wave is ridden with a board or without a board, and regardless of the stance used. The native peoples of the Pacific, for instance, surfed waves on alaia and other such craft, and did so on their belly and knees. The modern-day definition of surfing, most often refers to a riding a wave standing up on a surfboard. Another prominent form of surfing is body boarding, when a surfer rides a wave on a bodyboard, either lying on their belly, drop knee, other types of surfing include knee boarding, surf matting, and using foils. Body surfing, where the wave is surfed without a board, using the surfers own body to catch, recently with the use of V-drive boats, Wakesurfing, in which one surfs on the wake of a boat, has emerged.
For centuries, surfing was a part of ancient Polynesian culture. Surfing may have first been observed by British explorers at Tahiti in 1767, samuel Wallis and the crew members of the Dolphin who were the first Britons to visit the island in June of that year. Another candidate is the botanist Joseph Banks being part of the first voyage of James Cook on the HMS Endeavour, who arrived on Tahiti on 10 April 1769. Lieutenant James King was the first person to write about the art of surfing on Hawaii when he was completing the journals of Captain James Cook upon Cooks death in 1779. When Mark Twain visited Hawaii in 1866 he wrote, In one place we came upon a company of naked natives. In July 1885, three teenage Hawaiian princes took a break from their school, St. Mathew’s Hall in San Mateo. George Freeth is often credited as being the Father of Modern Surfing and he is thought to have been the first modern surfer. In 1907, the interests of the land baron Henry E. Huntington brought the ancient art of surfing to the California coast.
While on vacation, Huntington had seen Hawaiian boys surfing the island waves, looking for a way to entice visitors to the area of Redondo Beach, where he had heavily invested in real estate, he hired a young Hawaiian to ride surfboards. George Freeth decided to revive the art of surfing, but had success with the huge 16-foot hardwood boards that were popular at that time. When he cut them in half to them more manageable, he created the original Long board
A shirt is a cloth garment for the upper body. Originally an undergarment worn exclusively by men, it has become, in American English, in British English, a shirt is more specifically a garment with a collar, sleeves with cuffs, and a full vertical opening with buttons or snaps. A shirt can be worn with a necktie under the shirt collar, the small fringe formed during weaving along one edge of the cloth has been placed by the designer to decorate the neck opening and side seam. The shirt was an item of clothing that men could wear as underwear. Although the womans chemise was a related garment to the mans. In the Middle Ages, it was a plain, undyed garment worn next to the skin, in medieval artworks, the shirt is only visible on humble characters, such as shepherds and penitents. In the seventeenth century, mens shirts were allowed to show, in the eighteenth century, instead of underpants, men relied on the long tails of shirts. To serve the function of drawers, eighteenth-century costume historian Joseph Strutt believed that men who did not wear shirts to bed were indecent.
Even as late as 1879, a shirt with nothing over it was considered improper. The shirt sometimes had frills at the neck or cuffs, in the sixteenth century, mens shirts often had embroidery, and sometimes frills or lace at the neck and cuffs and through the eighteenth century long neck frills, or jabots, were fashionable. Coloured shirts began to appear in the nineteenth century, as can be seen in the paintings of George Caleb Bingham. They were considered casual wear, for workers only, until the twentieth century. For a gentleman, to wear a sky-blue shirt was unthinkable in 1860 but had become standard by 1920 and, in 1980, constituted the most commonplace event. European and American women began wearing shirts in 1860, when the Garibaldi shirt, the first documented appearance of the expression “To give the shirt off one’s back, ” happened in 1771 as an idiom that indicates extreme desperation or generosity and is still in common usage. In 1827 Hannah Montague, a housewife in upstate New York, tired of constantly washing her husband’s entire shirt when only the collar needed it, she cut off his collars and devised a way of attaching them to the neckband after washing.
It wasnt until the 1930s that collar stays became popular, although these early accessories resembled tie clips more than the small collar stiffeners available today. They connected the collar points to the necktie, keeping them in place Camp shirt – a loose, straight-cut, short sleeved shirt or blouse with a simple placket front-opening, a black tie or white tie. Guayabera – an embroidered dress shirt with four pockets, poet shirt – a loose-fitting shirt or blouse with full bishop sleeves, usually with large frills on the front and on the cuffs
Clothing is fiber and textile material worn on the body. The wearing of clothing is mostly restricted to human beings and is a feature of all human societies. The amount and type of clothing worn depends on type, social. Some clothing types can be gender-specific, clothing serves many purposes, it can serve as protection from the elements, and can enhance safety during hazardous activities such as hiking and cooking. It protects the wearer from rough surfaces, rash-causing plants, insect bites, thorns, Clothes can insulate against cold or hot conditions. Further, they can provide a barrier, keeping infectious. Clothing provides protection from ultraviolet radiation, there is no easy way to determine when clothing was first developed, but some information has been inferred by studying lice. The body louse specifically lives in clothing, and diverge from head lice about 170 millennia ago, another theory is that modern humans are the only survivors of several species of primates who may have worn clothes and that clothing may have been used as long ago as 650 millennia.
Other louse-based estimates put the introduction of clothing at around 42, the most obvious function of clothing is to improve the comfort of the wearer, by protecting the wearer from the elements. In hot climates, clothing provides protection from sunburn or wind damage, shelter usually reduces the functional need for clothing. For example, hats and other layers are normally removed when entering a warm home. Similarly, clothing has seasonal and regional aspects, so that thinner materials, Clothing performs a range of social and cultural functions, such as individual and gender differentiation, and social status. In many societies, norms about clothing reflect standards of modesty, gender, Clothing may function as a form of adornment and an expression of personal taste or style. Clothing can and has in history been made from a wide variety of materials. Materials have ranged from leather and furs, to materials, to elaborate and exotic natural. Not all body coverings are regarded as clothing, Clothing protects against many things that might injure the uncovered human body.
Clothes protect people from the elements, including rain, wind, clothing that is too sheer, small, etc. offers less protection. Clothes reduce risk during activities such as work or sport, some clothing protects from specific environmental hazards, such as insects, noxious chemicals, weather and contact with abrasive substances
They are called shorts because they are a shortened version of trousers, which cover the entire leg. Shorts are typically worn in warm weather or in an environment where comfort, there are a variety of shorts, ranging from knee-length short trousers that can in some situations be worn as formal clothes to beachwear and athletic shorts. Some types of shorts are worn by women, such as culottes. The American term short pants is probably the nearest equivalent in the US, there they might now be called dress shorts, a somewhat similar garment worn by men in Australia is called stubbies. Shorts is used unqualified in British English to refer to sports shorts, athletic shorts, or casual shorts, the term boxer shorts was an American coinage for a particular kind of mens underwear, and is now common in Britain. However, boxer shorts are often referred to as boxers in the USA, the word pants refers to outerwear in American usage but when used unqualified in British English generally means underwear. In much of Europe and the Americas during the 19th and early 20th centuries shorts were worn as outerwear only by boys until they reached a certain height or maturity.
When boys got older, typically around puberty, they would receive their first pair of long trousers and this produced the perception that shorts were only for young boys. Because of this, men would not wear shorts to avoid looking immature, women tended not to wear shorts in most cultures, due to social mores, they were expected to wear dresses, or skirts and blouses. In the 1890s, knee pants became the standard wear for American boys, many urban school portraits from the 1890s show all but the oldest boys wearing knee pants. North American boys normally wore knee pants with short stockings and this began to change after the 1900s when North American boys began wearing knickerbockers, while short pants became more popular in Europe. In the 1930s, shorts started to be worn for comfort by both men and women. However, it was taboo to wear shorts outside certain activities. By the late 20th century however it became common for men to wear shorts as casual wear in summer, however, in many countries there are few formal settings where wearing shorts would be acceptable, as they are considered casual wear.
Notable exceptions where men may wear short trousers to the office or at a formal gathering are South Africa, Bermuda and New Zealand. Since the 1990s, casual office dress has grown to include formal shorts in some UK and U. S. businesses, in some countries adult women can be seen wearing loose-fitting shorts that end at or just below the knee, as these are seen as sufficiently modest. Capris Three quarter pants Media related to Shorts at Wikimedia Commons