Elm Street station
Elm Street station is a SEPTA Regional Rail station in Norristown, Pennsylvania. Located at Elm and Markley Streets, it is the last stop on the Norristown section of the Manayunk/Norristown Line, it includes a 219-space parking lot. In FY 2013, Elm Street station had a weekday average of 257 alightings; the station was built by the Lehigh Valley Transit Company as a trolley station with service to Lansdale and Allentown and connecting with what is now the Norristown High Speed Line at Lafayette Street. Service was changed to connect with the Reading Railroad some time after 1953 with the demise of Liberty Bell Limited. SEPTA – Norristown Elm Street Station Station from Google Maps Street View
The Reading Company was a company, involved in the railroad industry in southeast Pennsylvania and neighboring states from 1924 until 1976. Called the Reading Railroad and logotyped as Reading Lines, the Reading Company was a railroad holding company for the majority of its existence and was a railroad during its years, it was a successor to the Philadelphia and Reading Railway Company founded in 1833. Until the decline in anthracite loadings in the Coal Region after World War II, it was one of the most prosperous corporations in the United States. Competition with the modern trucking industry that used the Interstate highway system for short distance transportation of goods known as short hauls, compounded the company's problems, forcing it into bankruptcy in the 1970s, its railroad operations were merged into Conrail in 1976, but the corporation lasted into 2000, disposing of valuable real estate holdings. The Philadelphia and Reading Railroad was one of the first railroads in the United States.
Along with the Little Schuylkill, a horse-drawn railroad in the Schuylkill River Valley, it formed the earliest components of what became the Reading Company. The P&R was constructed to haul anthracite coal from the mines in northeastern Pennsylvania's Coal Region to Philadelphia; the original P&R mainline extended south from the mining town of Pottsville to Reading and onward to Philadelphia, following the graded banks of the Schuylkill River for nearly all of the 93-mile journey. The line contained double track upon its completion in 1843; the P&R became profitable immediately. Energy-dense coal had been replacing scarce wood as fuel in businesses and homes since the 1810s, P&R-delivered coal was one of the first alternatives to the near-monopoly held by Lehigh Coal & Navigation Company since the 1820s. Soon the P&R bought or leased many of the railroads in the Schuylkill River Valley and extended westward and north along the Susquehanna into the southern end of the Coal Region. In Philadelphia, the Reading built Port Richmond, the self-proclaimed "Largest owned railroad tidewater terminal in the world", which burnished the P&R's bottom lines by allowing coal to be loaded onto ships and barges for export.
In 1871, the Reading established a subsidiary called the Philadelphia and Reading Coal and Iron Company, which set about buying anthracite coal mines in the Coal Region. This vertical expansion gave the P&R full control of coal from mining through to market, allowing it to compete with like-organized competitors such as Lehigh Coal & Navigation and the Delaware & Hudson Canal Company; the heavy investment in coal paid off quickly. By 1871, the Reading was the largest company in the world, with $170,000,000 in gross value, may have been the first conglomerate in the world. In 1879, the Reading gained control of the North Pennsylvania Railroad and gained access to the burgeoning steel industry in the Lehigh Valley; the Reading further expanded its coal empire by reaching New York City by gaining control of the Delaware and Bound Brook Railroad in 1879, building the Port Reading Railroad in 1892 with a line from Port Reading Junction to the Port Reading on the Arthur Kill. This allowed direct delivery of coal to industries in the Port of New York and New Jersey in northeastern New Jersey and New York City by rail and barge instead of the longer trip by ships from Port Richmond around Cape May.
Instead of broadening its rail network, the Reading invested its vast wealth in anthracite and its transport in the mid-19th century. This led to financial trouble in the 1870s. In 1890, Reading president Archibald A. McLeod saw that more riches could be earned by expanding its rail network and becoming a trunk railroad. McLeod went about trying to control neighboring railroads in 1891, he was able to gain control of the Lehigh Valley Railroad, Central Railroad of New Jersey, the Boston and Maine Railroad. The Reading achieved its goal of becoming a trunk road, but the deal was scuttled by J. P. Morgan and other rail barons, who did not want more competition in the northeastern railroad business; the Reading was relegated to a regional railroad for the rest of its history. The Philadelphia and Reading Rail Road was chartered April 4, 1833, to build a line between Philadelphia and Reading, along the Schuylkill River; the portion from Reading to Norristown opened July 16, 1838, the full line December 9, 1839.
Its Philadelphia terminus was at the state-owned Philadelphia and Columbia Railroad on the west side of the Schuylkill River, from which it ran east on the P&C over the Columbia Bridge and onto the city-owned City Railroad to a depot at the southeast corner of Broad and Cherry Streets. An extension northwest from Reading to Mount Carbon on the Schuylkill River, opened on January 13, 1842, allowing the railroad to compete with the Schuylkill Canal. At Mount Carbon, it connected with the earlier Mount Carbon Railroad, continuing through Pottsville to several mines, would be extended to Williamsport. On May 17, 1842, a freight branch from West Falls to Port Richmond on the Delaware River north of downtown Philadelphia opened. Port Richmond became a large coal terminal. On January 1, 1851, the Belmont Plane on the Philadelphia and Columbia Railroad, just west of the Reading's connection, was abandoned in favor of a new bypass, the portion of the line east of it was sold to the Reading, the only company that continued using the old route.
The Lebanon Valley Railroad was chartered in 1836 to build from Reading west to Harrisburg. Reading financed the construction of the Rutherford Yard to compete with the PRR's nearby Enola Yard; the Reading took it over and began construction in 1854, opening the line in 1856. This
Conshohocken is a borough on the Schuylkill River in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, in suburban Philadelphia. A large mill town and industrial and manufacturing center, after the decline of industry in recent years Conshohocken has developed into a center of riverfront commercial and residential development. In the regional slang, it is sometimes referred to by the colloquial nickname Conshy; the name "Conshohocken" comes from the Unami language, from either Kanshi'hak'ing, meaning "Elegant-ground- place", or, more Chottschinschu'hak'ing, which means "Big-trough-ground-place" or "Large-bowl-ground-place", referring to the big bend in the Tulpe'hanna. The sister community of West Conshohocken is located on the opposite side of the Schuylkill River. Conshohocken is located at 40°4′38″N 75°18′7″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.0 square mile, of which, 1.0 square mile of it is land and 0.04 square miles of it is water. Conshohocken fronts the Schuylkill River.
A rather sharp bend in the river at Conshohocken gives the Schuylkill Expressway, which hugs the far bank, a curve, well known to regional radio listeners as the Conshohocken curve. Railroad tracks line both river banks, reflecting the valley's heavy industrial past as well as its continuing rail activity including CSX and SEPTA. A rail trail portion of the Schuylkill River Trail passes through; the place was first settled about 1820, was for several years known as Matson’s Ford. The mayor is Yaniv Aronson; the borough is part of the Fourth Congressional District, the 148th State House District and the 7th State Senate District. As of the 2010 census, the borough was 88.7% White, 6.5% Black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 1.7% were two or more races. 3.5% of the population were of Hispanic or Latino ancestry. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,589 people, 3,329 households, 1,834 families residing in the borough; the population density was 7,720.4 people per square mile.
There were 3,518 housing units at an average density of 3,578.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 89.88% White, 7.77% African American, 0.08% Native American, 0.84% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.49% from other races, 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.34% of the population. There were 3,329 households, out of which 22.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.5% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 44.9% were non-families. 36.0% of all households were made up of individuals, 12.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 3.02. In the borough the population was spread out, with 20.8% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 35.9% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.
The median income for a household in the borough was $43,599, the median income for a family was $50,601. Males had a median income of $36,299 versus $30,541 for females; the per capita income for the borough was $22,128. About 4.2% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over. According to the 2013 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimate, the median household income in the borough had risen to $73,750; the median income for a family was $88,049, the per capita income was $41,144. 5.3% of families and 7.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of children under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 and over. Conshohocken is in the outer rim of a Humid subtropical climate. January is on average the coldest month, July is on average the hottest. Conshohocken is served by two SEPTA regional railroad stations, both of which are along the Manayunk/Norristown Line; the main one is located at Washington and Harry Streets, the other is at Spring Mill at the end of East North Lane, south of Hector Street.
The area is served by two interstate highways: I-76 and I-476. Residents of Conshohocken are served by the Colonial School District. Private schools in the area include AIM Academy and The Miquon School Allied Universal headquarters East Coast AmerisourceBergen headquarters IKEA US headquarters Kynetic The NBOME National Center for Clinical Skills Testing National Lacrosse League headquarters Da'Rel Scott Dragonfly Forest Borough website Conshohocken News/Gossip
North Broad station
North Broad station, known as North Broad Street until 1992, is a SEPTA Regional Rail station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It is located at 2601 North Broad Street in the Cecil B. Moore section of Lower North Philadelphia, serves the Lansdale/Doylestown Line and the Manayunk/Norristown Line; the station has low-level platforms on the outside tracks, with "mini-high" platforms for wheelchair and ADA accessibility. North Broad station is within a few blocks of the North Philadelphia SEPTA-Amtrak station, which serves Amtrak's Keystone Service and Northeast Regional and SEPTA's Trenton Line and Chestnut Hill West Line, the North Philadelphia subway station on SEPTA's Broad Street Line; the Pennsylvania Railroad built the Connecting Railway in 1867 to connect its main line to the Philadelphia and Trenton Railroad. By the early 1870s, New York Junction station was established where the Connecting Railway crossed over the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad mainline in North Philadelphia. By the early 1880s, the Reading established 16th Street station a block to the northwest.
In 1888, the Reading announced plans to add local stations on the line, including one next to the Baker Bowl, which had opened as the home of the Philadelphia Phillies in 1887. By 1891, the company offered service to Huntingdon Street station as well as 16th Street; the station had two side platforms serving the line's four tracks, with a small station building facing Broad Street and Huntingdon Street. 16th Street station was closed in the early 20th century. In 1928, facing competition from the impending completion of the Broad Street Line, the Reading decided to replace Huntingdon Street station with a larger station to rival the PRR's nearby North Philadelphia station. Groundbreaking for Broad Street station was held on July 31, 1928 and demolition of Huntingdon Street station began immediately; the classical revival station, designed by Horace Trumbauer, opened as North Broad Street in 1929. The station featured two island platforms which served all four tracks, connected by an underground walkway to the station and the Broad Street Line's North Philadelphia station.
Its grand design reflected pre-Great Depression optimism and plans for redevelopment of the surrounding neighborhood. However, the Great Depression took away passengers and prevented the planned development, the collapse of local industry after World War II further damaged the neighborhood. Ridership at the station dwindled as passengers opted for the more frequent subway; the station building was sold for use as a motel in the 1960s. In 1981, the station was damaged by fire. On April 5, 1992, SEPTA began their 18-month-long RailWorks project, which included two multi-month shutdowns of the Reading mainline from Wayne Junction to Market East for emergency bridge repairs; as part of the project, North Broad Street and Temple University stations were rebuilt. Within two weeks of the closure, demolition of the old platforms was under way; the rebuilt station has two side platforms serving only the outer tracks, which were chosen to straighten the curved tracks around the former island platforms and thus allow higher speeds through the station for express trains.
The pedestrian tunnel was filled. The station, renamed as North Broad, reopened at the end of Railworks on September 5, 1993. Before RailWorks, North Broad Street served 1,200 riders per day, many of whom were transferring to the Broad Street Line or changing for one of the few trains that stopped at Temple. With the addition of Regional Rail platforms at Fern Rock Transportation Center for RailWorks more service to Temple through the Center City tunnel after the conclusion of the project, reduced service due to only having two platform tracks rather than the previous four, the importance of North Broad declined after RailWorks. By 2001, under 300 riders used the station daily. In March 1996, the station building was added to the National Register of Historic Places; that September, Volunteers of America began a $8.3 million renovation to convert the structure into 108 housing units for people transitioning out of homeless shelters. The organization had used part of the first floor for adult rehabilitation and counseling programs, but the structure was so deteriorated that only 18% of the floor space was usable.
The first residents moved into Station House Apartments in August 1997. SEPTA - North Broad Station Broad Street entrance from Google Maps Street View
The Manayunk/Norristown Line is a commuter rail line in Southeastern Pennsylvania, one of the 13 lines in SEPTA's Regional Rail network. The route originates from the Center City Rail tunnel, the two-track line splits off from the "SEPTA Main Line" north of North Broad Station, it goes through Philadelphia's East Falls and Manayunk neighborhoods and Conshohocken, Pennsylvania before reaching Norristown. At Norristown Transportation Center, commuters can transfer to regular SEPTA surface buses or the SEPTA Norristown High Speed Line to 69th Street Terminal. From Norristown Transportation Center, the electrified line follows the single track Stony Creek branch to terminate at Elm Street, while the double tracked main line continues to Reading; the Reading main west of Norristown carries no passenger service, is owned and operated by the Norfolk Southern Railway as its Harrisburg Line. As of 2018, most weekday Manayunk/Norristown Line trains terminate at 30th Street Station or continue to various destinations such as Elwyn on the Media/Elwyn Line and Marcus Hook or Wilmington on the Wilmington/Newark Line.
Most weekend Manayunk/Norristown Line trains continue to Marcus Hook or Wilmington on the Wilmington/Newark Line. The Manayunk/Norristown Line was the Reading Company's Norristown Branch from Philadelphia to Reading, Pennsylvania. Electrified service to Norristown and Chestnut Hill East began on February 5, 1933. Steam -operated intercity services continued to operate beyond Norristown. By the 1960s Budd Rail Diesel Cars handled most of the Reading's diesel services, although the Reading's EMD FP7 locomotives, displaced from the Crusader, saw regular use on the Philadelphia–Reading run. SEPTA discontinued services beyond Norristown on July 26, 1981. Between 1984–2010 the route was designated R6 Norristown as part of SEPTA's diametrical reorganization of its lines. Manayunk/Norristown Line trains operated through the city center to the Ivy Ridge Line on the ex-Pennsylvania side of the system; the R-number naming system was dropped on July 25, 2010. Like the Cynwyd Line, the Manayunk/Norristown Line was slated to become part of the planned new Schuylkill Valley Metro, but was to serve the King of Prussia mall complex and the former Pennsylvania Railroad's Trenton Cut-Off line to Frazer, Pennsylvania.
This was referred to by planners as the "Cross-County Segment." An extension of the Manayunk/Norristown Line, called the Norristown Extension, to Wyomissing was proposed, with funding to come through new tolls on U. S. Route 422. Early in 2013, SEPTA began to undertake major operational improvements and physical rehabilitation on the Manayunk/Norristown Line. Central to this project is the replacement of the 80-year-old wayside automatic block signal system with one that displays only in the operating cab, operates in both directions on both tracks, thereby allowing greater operational flexibility. Two new remotely controlled interlockings are being constructed to facilitate bidirectional operation, one at Miquon, the other in Norristown between the main station and the Ford Street crossing. An electrified storage track is being constructed at Miquon to allow for temporary turnback of trains at that station, as the line is periodically subjected to flooding from the Schuylkill River around Spring Mill and Conshohocken.
Ongoing replacement of the line's overhead catenary, most of, 80 years old, will continue along with the signal replacement. Occurring in conjunction with these projects are the replacement of crossties, renewal of grade crossing surfaces, trimming of brush and trees alongside the right-of-way; the entire program is scheduled for completion in fall 2015, tying in with the FRA-mandated nationwide implementation of Positive Train Control on American railroads by the end of 2015. SEPTA activated PTC on the Manayunk/Norristown Line on August 15, 2016; as of mid-2018, the borough of Phoenixville is studying the restoration of SEPTA train service by extending the Manayunk/Norristown Line using old Reading Line track past Norristown used for freight trains by Norfolk Southern. In 2018, a panel led by the Greater Reading Chamber Alliance pushed for an extension of the Manayunk/Norristown Line to Reading, with service terminating either at the Franklin Street Station in Reading or in Wyomissing; the proposed extension would utilize existing Norfolk Southern freight railroad tracks.
Before service can be implemented, a study would need to take place. The Manayunk/Norristown Line makes the following station stops after leaving the Center City Commuter Connection. Prior to July 26, 1981, RDC diesel trains operated north of Norristown to Pottsville; until 2011, SEPTA had considering restoring service as far as Reading as part of the Schuylkill Valley Metro project. These plans are on hold; the following is a list of stations served by SEPTA. Between FY 2008–FY 2014 yearly ridership on the Manayunk/Norristown Line has ranged between 2.9 million–3.1 million. "SEPTA – Manayunk/Norristown line schedule"
Spring Mill, Pennsylvania
Spring Mill is a small unincorporated community in Whitemarsh Township, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. Located along the Schuylkill River, it lies between the community of Miquon and the Borough of Conshohocken. Conshohocken's southeast border cuts diagonally across the street grid – from 12th Avenue, south of Righter Street, to where Cherry Street meets the river. "Spring Mill" was first a gristmill, built sometime between 1697 and 1704. The mill lent its name to the surrounding area; the mill burned in 1967, its stone ruins were demolished. The miller's house survives, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Spring Mill Station was established by the Reading Railroad about 1880; the modern station is part of the SEPTA Manayunk/Norristown Line. Located along the river at North Lane, it is subject to periodic flooding; the Schuylkill River Trail passes through the community. Spring Mill shares Conshohocken's 19428 zip code. Spring Mill until was the most populous village in the township, but owing to the demolition of its furnaces and several manufacturing establishments, its prosperity has been impaired.
It is situated on the east side of the Schuylkill, with two railroads having double tracks passing through it from Philadelphia. It contains at present four stores, one hotel, two clay-works, a grist-mill, several mechanic shops and about fifty houses; the census of 1880 gives seven eighty-eight inhabitants. Mr. Hitner has sold his two furnaces here to the Schuylkill Valley Railroad Company to give them room for improvements; the village received its name from several copious springs of water near by, the principal ones being five or six in number. They are all situated within an area of half an acre, flow into one stream, which after a course of a quarter of a mile, empties into the Schuylkill. In this distance it has sufficient power to propel the whole year round the grist-mill mentioned, built here before 1715, owned by David Williams, next by Robert Jones. Thomas Livezey, in January 1812, advertised it for rent, stating that it was affected by "neither frost nor drought." Mr. Hitner's furnaces were erected here in 1844 and 1853, with an estimated capacity to produce annually twelve thousand tons of iron.
John Meconkey advertised the tavern and ferry here for sale in December 1803, stating that the house was thirty-five by eighteen feet, two stories high, with an ice-house attached, that the ferry had the advantage of not being fordable at any time of the year. Edge Hill crosses the Schuylkill just below the village, continues up the other side of the river to West Conshohocken, where it turns to the southwest; the river is quite narrow where it flows through the hill and rises on both sides to an elevation of upwards of two hundred and fifty feet, contributing to the beauty of the scenery. Its flourishing neighbor, bids fair to absorb the entire place, it being no easy matter now to a stranger to tell where the one begins and the other ends; the post-office here is called William Penn, was established before 1876. — History of Montgomery County. "Mount Joy," Peter Legaux Mansion, NE corner of East Hector Street and North Lane. NRHP-listed. Built by the third owner of the gristmill. Miller's House at North Lane, south of East Hector Street.
NRHP-listed. The now-demolished gristmill stood east along Spring Mill Creek. Spring Mill Café, 164 Barren Hill Road. Housed in an 1831 former general store. Lee Tire and Rubber Company, 1100 East Hector Street. NRHP-listed. Now the Spring Mill Corporate Center. Spring Mill Fire Company #1, 1210 East Hector Street. Spring Mill County Park, south side of East Hector Street, between North Lane and Barren Hill Road
The Schuylkill River is an important river running northwest to southeast in eastern Pennsylvania, improved by navigations into the Schuylkill Canal. Several of its tributaries drain major parts of the center-southern and easternmost Coal Regions in the state. Originating from waters in the Anthracite Coal Region, millions of tons of coal enabling the iron and steel based industries of America's largest city of the day used the waterway to supply some of the growing American energy needs, it flows for 135 miles to Philadelphia, where it joins the Delaware River as one of its largest tributaries. In 1682 William Penn chose the left bank of the confluence upon which he founded the planned city of Philadelphia on lands purchased from the native Delaware nation, it is a designated Pennsylvania Scenic River, its whole length was once part of the Delaware people's southern territories. The river's watershed of about 2,000 sq mi lies within the state of Pennsylvania, the upper portions in the Ridge-and-valley Appalachian Mountains where the folding of the mountain ridges metamorphically modified bituminous into widespread anthracite deposits located north of the Blue Mountain barrier ridge.
The source of its eastern branch is in lands now mined situated one ridgeline south of Tuscarora Lake along a drainage divide from the Little Schuylkill about a mile east of the village of Tuscarora and about a mile west of Tamaqua, at Tuscarora Springs in Schuylkill County. Tuscarora Lake is one source of the Little Schuylkill River tributary; the West Branch starts near Minersville and joins the eastern branch at the town of Schuylkill Haven. It combines with the Little Schuylkill River downstream in the town of Port Clinton; the Tulpehocken Creek joins it at the western edge of Reading. Wissahickon Creek joins it in northwest Philadelphia. Other major tributaries include: Maiden Creek, Manatawny Creek, French Creek, Perkiomen Creek; the Schuylkill joins the Delaware at the site of the former Philadelphia Navy Yard, now the Philadelphia Naval Business Center, just northeast of Philadelphia International Airport. The Leni Lenape were the original inhabitants of the area around this river, which they called Tool-pay Hanna or Tool-pay Hok Ing.
The river was discovered by European explorers from the Netherlands and England. It was through historical documents called various names, including Manayunk, Manajungh and Lenni Bikbi; the Swedish explorer called it Menejackse alternately Skiar kill or the Linde River. The headwaters of the river, up near Reading, was called "Tulpehocken" by the English; the river was given the Dutch name Schuylkill. As kil means "creek" and schuylen means "to hide, skulk" or "to take refuge, shelter", one explanation given for this name is that it translates to "hidden river", "skulking river" or "sheltered creek" and refers to the river's confluence with the Delaware River at League Island, nearly hidden by dense vegetation. Another explanation is that the name properly translates to "hideout creek" in one of the Algonquian languages spoken by a Leni Lenape in their confederation; the mighty Susquehannock confederation claimed the area along the Schuylkill as a hunting ground, as they did to the lands down along the Chesapeake Bay to the left bank Potomac River, across from the Powhatan Confederacy when traders first stopped in the Delaware and settlers arrived in the first decade of the 1600s.
With ample tributary streams, the Schuylkill was ground zero during the early years of the Beaver Wars, during which the Delaware peoples became tributary to the victorious Susquehannocks, an Iroquoian people often in contention with their relatives, both the Erie people west and northwest through the gaps of the Allegheny in Eastern Ohio and Northwestern Pennsylvania (between the upper Allegheny River and Lake Erie, the Five Nations of the Iroquois, another Amerindian confederation eastwards from the right bank Genessee River through the finger lakes region of upper New York down the Saint Lawrence. The Lenape had settlements on the river, including Nittabakonck, a village on the east bank just south of the confluence of the Wissahickon Creek, the Passyunk site, on the west bank where the Schuylkill meets the Delaware River. Patriot paper maker Frederick Bicking owned a fishery on the river prior to the Revolution, Thomas Paine tried in vain to interest the citizens in funding an iron bridge over this river, before abandoning "pontifical works" on account of the French Revolution.
In the next decades, pioneering industrialists Josiah White and protege & partner Erskine Hazard built iron industries at the Falls of the Schuylkill in Jefferson's administration, where White built a suspension bridge with cables made from their wire mill. During the war of 1812 the two took delivery of an ark of anthracite coal, notoriously difficult to combust reliably and experimented with ways to use it industrially, providing the knowledge to begin resolving the ongoing decades long energy crises around eastern cities; the two heavily backed the flagging effort to improve navigation on the Schuylkill, which efforts date back to legislation measures as early as 1762. Needing energy resources and by 1816 disenchanted with the lack of urgency found in other investors to accelerate the anemic construction rate of the Schuylkill Canal, the two jumped to option the mining rights of the Lehigh Coal Mine Company which disenchanted stockholders were giving up on waited until a charter to improved the Lehigh went delinquent, resulting in t