United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Bentonville is the ninth-largest city in Arkansas, United States and the county seat of Benton County. The city is centrally located in the county with Rogers adjacent to the east; the city is the world headquarters of Walmart, the world's largest retailer. It is one of the four main cities in the four-county Northwest Arkansas Metropolitan Statistical Area, ranked 109th in terms of population in the United States with 463,204 residents in 2010, according to the United States Census Bureau; the city itself had a population of 35,301 at the 2010 Census, with an estimated population of 49,298 in 2017. The area now known as Bentonville's first known use by humans was as hunting grounds by the Osage Nation who lived in Missouri; the Osage would leave their settlements to hunt in present-day Benton County for months at a time before returning to their families. White settlers first inhabited the area around 1837 and named their settlement "Osage". By this time, the Osage had ceased using the area for hunting, the white settlers began to establish farms.
Upon establishment of Benton County on September 30, 1836, Osage was deemed a suitable site for the county seat, the town square was established as the home of county government the following year. Osage was renamed Bentonville in honor of Thomas Hart Benton, a senator from Missouri who supported Arkansas statehood. Two years after Arkansas received statehood in 1836, thousands of Cherokee people from Georgia passed through Benton County as part of the Trail of Tears route to the Indian Territory in what is now Oklahoma. Although no Civil War battles were fought inside Bentonville, the city was occupied by both armies and saw all of its buildings burned, either by opposing armies or guerrilla outlaws. Bentonville was a staging point for the Confederate army prior to the Battle of Pea Ridge, fought about 12 miles northeast of town, the town saw a brief skirmish just prior to After the war, the area established a vibrant apple industry, with Benton County becoming the leading apple producing county in the nation in 1901.
In the 1920s and 1930s the county developed a reputation as a leader in poultry production that continued into the World War II years, which the area still maintains today. The post war economy helped. In 1950, Sam Walton bought the Harrison Variety Store on the Bentonville town square, he remodeled the building and opened "Walton’s 5 and 10 Variety Store" on March 18, 1951. This single store led to the creation of Walmart, the world's largest retailer, which still influences the community today; the late twentieth and early twenty-first century has seen a dramatic reduction in the manufacturing sector in Bentonville, corresponding with an increase in tourism and entertainment focused on the natural setting and outdoor opportunities of the area as well as the Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art, which opened in 2011. This has resulted in Bentonville being the fastest growing city in Arkansas, the larger Northwest Arkansas area one of the fastest growing in the United States. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.5 square miles, of which 31.3 square miles is land and 0.19 square miles, or 0.67%, is water.
The Northwest Arkansas region consists of three Arkansas counties: Benton and Washington. The area had a population of 347,045 at the 2000 census which had increased to 463,204 by the 2010 Census; the Metropolitan Statistical Area does not consist of the usual principal-city-with-suburbs morphology. The Northwest Arkansas Regional Airport is located to the southwest of Bentonville and is used to connect all of the northwest Arkansas region to the rest of the nation. For more than the last decade, Northwest Arkansas has been one of the fastest-growing regions in the United States. Bentonville lies in the humid subtropical climate zone with influence from the humid continental climate type. Bentonville experiences all four seasons and does receive cold air masses from the north, however some of the Arctic masses are blocked by the higher elevations of the Ozarks. July is the hottest month of the year, with an average high of 89 °F and an average low of 66 °F. Temperatures above 100 °F are common, with recent temperatures during summer months staying above 100 degrees for several weeks at a time.
January is the coldest month with an average high of 46 °F and an average low of 24 °F. The city's highest temperature was 114 °F, recorded in 1954; the lowest temperature recorded was −16 °F, in 1996. As of 2017 Bentonville had a population of 49,298; the racial and ethnic composition of the population was 77.0% non-Hispanic white, 2.4% non-Hispanic black, 1.2% Native American, 5.8% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 3.9% from some other race and 2.5% from two or more races. 8.7% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. As of the census of 2000, there were 19,730 people, 7,458 households, 5,265 families residing in the city; the city grew in the 1990s. According to the US Census and surrounding communities in Benton County is second in growth for Arkansas and among the 100 fastest-growing counties in the United States; the population density was 928.9 people per square mile. There were 7,924 housing units at an average density of 373.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90.92% White, 0.88% Black or African American, 1.33% Native
Rogers is located in Northwest Arkansas, United States, one of the fastest growing metro areas in the country. Rogers was the location of the first Walmart store, whose corporate headquarters is located in neighboring Bentonville. Rogers is a city in the Ozarks in Benton County. Daisy Outdoor Products, known for its air rifles, has both its headquarters and its Airgun Museum in Rogers; as of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 55,964. In 2017 the estimated population was 66,430. Rogers is part of the Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers Metropolitan Area, one of the fastest growing in the nation; the Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers Metropolitan Area, more known as Northwest Arkansas, is ranked 109th in terms of population in the United States, with 465,776 inhabitants as of the 2010 U. S. Census. Rogers was named after Captain Charles Warrington Rogers, vice-president and general manager of the St. Louis and San Francisco Railway known as the Frisco; the town was established in 1881, the year.
The community was incorporated on June 6, 1881. In June 2007, BusinessWeek magazine ranked Rogers as 18th in its list of the 25 best affordable suburbs in the American South, and in 2010, CNN Money ranked Rogers #10 on their list of 100 Best Places to Live. The first retail business owned by the Stroud family was a store in Pea Ridge, co-owned by Allen Bryant Stroud and his son Harlan Lafayette Stroud; that business was established prior to 1879 and Allen Stroud served as postmaster at Pea Ridge for a time. In 1884, H. L. Stroud sold his interest in the Stroud store in Pea Ridge and purchased a dry goods store at the corner of First and Walnut Streets in Rogers which he named Stroud's Mercantile. In 1887 he brought in his brother Evan Giesen. In 1891 H. L. Stroud moved his business into a storefront on the north side of the 100 block of Walnut Street. Stroud's continued to prosper, in 1899 H. L. built the brick building at 114–116 West Walnut Street. Stroud's continued to be the leading retail business in Rogers up into the 1960s, when in 1962 Sam Walton opened the first location of what would become the retail giant Walmart just seven blocks away.
Walton's new store combined with the nationwide movement of retail centers from aged downtowns to malls and shopping centers eroded Stroud's customer base, leading the locally beloved retailer to permanently close in 1993 after 109 years in business. In 1912 the city council formed a commission of local businessmen to facilitate the paving of downtown Rogers. Despite the constant complaints of dusty and muddy streets, the enthusiastic support of prominent citizens such as Coin Harvey, bickering over the cost and method of paving delayed the start of the project until July 1924; the downtown area was paved with concrete and overlaid with bricks in rows, changing to a basket weave pattern at the intersections of streets. The work was completed in December 1924, the brick pavement remains today, with renovations done to the streets in 2010. Rogers is located at 36°19′46″N 94°8′29″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 33.6 square miles, of which 33.5 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles is water.
The climate in this area is characterized by warm, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Rogers has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of 2010 Rogers had a population of 55,964. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 62.0% non-Hispanic white, 1.3% non-Hispanic black, 1.0% Native American, 2.5% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 0.1% non-Hispanics of some other race, 3.0% from two or more races and 31.5% Hispanic or Latino. As of the census of 2000, there were 38,829 people, 14,005 households, 10,209 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,158.0 people per square mile. There were 14,836 housing units at an average density of 442.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 90.75% White, 0.47% Black or African American, 1.05% Native American, 1.43% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 9.43% from other races, 1.80% from two or more races. 19.29% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 14,005 households out of which 39.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.1% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.21. In the city, the population was spread out with 29.4% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 31.5% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $40,474, the median income for a family was $45,876. Males had a median income of $30,911 versus $22,020 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,761. About 9.4% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.
In addition to the Rogers Commercial Historic District, Rogers has numerous properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places, with the oldest being the Pea Ridge National Military Park. Ro
Decatur is a city, in Benton County, United States. The population was 1,699 at the 2010 census, it is AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area. This town is named after Commodore Stephen Decatur, Jr. Decatur is located in western Benton County at 36°20′15″N 94°27′24″W. Arkansas Highway 59 passes through the city, leading north 6 miles to Gravette and 13 miles to the Missouri border, south 13 miles to Siloam Springs. Arkansas Highway 102 leads west 10 miles to the Oklahoma border. According to the United States Census Bureau, Decatur has a total area of 4.5 square miles, of which 4.4 square miles is land and 0.039 square miles, or 1.21%, is water. As of the 2010 census Decatur had a population of 1,699; the racial and ethnic makeup of the population was 62.4% non-Hispanic white, 0.5% non-Hispanic black, 4.3% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 5.2% from two or more races and 28.4% Hispanic or Latino. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,314 people, 465 households, 346 families residing in the city; the population density was 573.0 people per square mile.
There were 535 housing units at an average density of 233.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 80.97% White, 5.48% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 10.12% from other races, 2.97% from two or more races. 16.51% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 465 households out of which 44.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.4% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.23. In the city, the population was spread out with 32.0% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 33.3% from 25 to 44, 16.1% from 45 to 64, 8.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 111.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $29,844, the median income for a family was $33,333.
Males had a median income of $22,115 versus $19,125 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,618. About 16.3% of families and 18.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.2% of those under age 18 and 22.1% of those age 65 or over. Public education for elementary and secondary school students is provided by the Decatur School District leading to graduation from Decatur High School. Decatur High School has a 1-to-1 ratio of students to electronic devices meaning every student grades 9 - 12 receive a personal computer that they possess throughout the school year; the Decatur High School offers several extra-curricular activities ranging from Student Congress to Marching Band and offers a wide array of athletic teams. Sports teams consist of co-ed football and women's basketball, softball and women's track and field and women's cross country and women's soccer, co-ed cheerleading, co-ed trap shooting and women's volleyball. Clubs and activities include Student Council, Student Congress, FCCLA, FFA, FBLA, Ethics Bowl, Quiz Bowl, Beef Bowl, Film Club, World Culture's Club, E-Sports Team, Mock Trial.
Decatur Arkansas Chamber of Commerce
Bella Vista, Arkansas
Bella Vista is a city in Benton County, United States. First established in 1917 as a summer resort destination, Bella Vista has evolved and redesigned itself over the succeeding years. Bella Vista became a retirement community in 1965, after much contention and a 2006 vote of its property owners, became an incorporated city. Following its official incorporation on January 1, 2007, the new city government took over the police department, fire department, trash removal and other city functions, while the Property Owners Association retained control of the many amenities available to homeowners and their guests. Amenities include numerous parks, clubhouses with workout areas, swimming pools, six 18 hole golf courses, one nine-hole golf course, seven lakes with fishing and boat docks, a marina, swimming beach, putt putt golf courses and tennis courts, dog park, softball field, extensive hiking and biking trails throughout its beautiful Ozark hills; the city of Bella Vista is located on the Springfield Plateau of the Ozark Mountains.
Oak/hickory forests, along with valleys and steep rises, characterize the city's topography. Bella Vista is located north of Bentonville and Rogers and is the northernmost Arkansas city in the Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area; the city has been experiencing a population and building boom in recent years, as indicated by a 60% growth in population between the 2000 and 2010 censuses. Bella Vista is located in northern Benton County at 36°28'8" North, 94°16'7" West, its northern border is the Missouri state line. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 45.9 square miles, of which 44.2 square miles is land and 1.6 square miles is water, consisting of the several lakes within the city. As of the census of 2000, there were 16,582 people, 7,818 households, 6,004 families residing in the community, which at the time was recorded as a census-designated place; the population density was 252.8 inhabitants per square mile. There are 8,854 housing units at an average density of 135.0 per square mile.
The racial makeup of the CDP was 97.87% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 0.69% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.20% from other races, 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.01% of the population. There were 7,818 households out of which 13.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.4% are married couples living together, 3.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.2% were non-families. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.38. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 12.3% under the age of 18, 3.0% from 18 to 24, 16.4% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, 41.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 61 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $44,090, the median income for a family was $48,233.
Males had a median income of $34,547 versus $24,690 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $25,406. About 1.5% of families and 2.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.7% of those under the age of 18 and 1.0% of those 65 and older. Bella Vista's Declarations and Protective Covenants is the "rule book" that governs the POA; the Property Owners Association must follow this "rule book" composed of various articles. There are Class A and Class B members of the POA. Class B refers to Cooper Communities, the land developer, who gets 10 votes per lot owned and Class A refers to lot private lot purchasers who receive one vote per lot owned. Cooper Communities now owns too few lots to sway the vote. Both Class A and class B members must approve a vote; the POA is governed by a nine-member Board of Directors. They set the direction and long-term objectives for the POA guided by Bella Vista's declarations and protective covenants; the day-to-day activity of the POA is directed by its general manager, with division heads and site managers responsible for the various departments and facilities.
The residents voted in 2006 to incorporate as an official city effective January 1, 2007. The POA still remains intact to service the recreational amenities and provide water, but the City of Bella Vista now has responsibility for police, streets, community development, other services. Bella Vista has seven lakes; these lakes are not "public" in that only members of the community or their guests are permitted to use them. Lake Ann, Lake Windsor, Lake Loch Lomond are the largest all-sports lakes in the town. Lake Avalon, Lake Norwood, Lake Rayburn are fishing lakes with "no-wake" restrictions. Current POA boat permits are required, as are Arkansas fishing licenses, when fishing Bella Vista lakes. No personal water crafts are allowed on any of the Bella Vista lakes, only 20 miles east of Bella Vista is Beaver Lake, a 31,700 acre US Army Corps of Engineers Lake, Jet Skis are welcome there. Lake Ann is a water sport lake with 112.5 acres of surface area. Because it is 53.5 feet deep with no power limit, water skiing is allowed on Lake Ann.
Lake Windsor is the second largest of the lakes, covering 220 acres with a maximum depth of 79.5 feet. Lake Windsor is an unlimited power lake, water skiing is allowed. Loch Lomond is the largest of all the lakes in the city, it is 80 feet deep
Gentry is a city in Benton County, United States. The population was 3,158 at the 2010 census; the city was founded in the Ozark Mountains in 1894 along what would become the Kansas City Southern Railroad. The city's prior prosperity in the orchard industry apples, was further strengthened by the rail connection. Following the decline of the apple industry in the 1930s, Gentry shifted its economy towards poultry along with many other areas of northwest Arkansas. Today, Gentry is located within the Fayetteville-Springdale-Rogers Metropolitan Area. Gentry is known for the Wild Wilderness Drive-Through Safari, located 2 miles north of the city limits. Gentry began. Located in western Benton County, it was known for other produce; the town began to grow. In 1894, residents of the community petitioned the county to incorporate, the city's name was changed to Gentry, after an official in charge of the construction of the railroad; the railroad proved important to Gentry, by 1903 the town had grown to a population of 1,000.
The railroad company built a new depot in Gentry in 1926-1927. It was known as one of the nicest depots on the railway line. A banquet was held for the grand opening, railway officials arrived on a special train to commemorate the event. Four to six passenger trains a week came through Gentry until passenger service was discontinued in 1964. In 1937, Highway 59 was built, running through the city south, it remains the main highway through the city, linking Gentry with other west Benton County communities. In 1946, the City Council voted to buy a water tank for $1,650 from the War Assets Corporation in Kentucky. In 1948, the city held a special election to issue bonds to install larger water mains and additional fireplugs. In the 1950s, the city purchased its own water company. At the beginning of the 21st century, Gentry was expanding water lines into rural areas surrounding the community. Using donations, local businesses built the first auditorium at the intersection of Main and Collins streets.
The building now houses courtroom. In the 1960s, when agriculture was no longer the economic base it had once been for the city and the railroad, the train depot was torn down; the next decade saw the beginning of the construction of a power plant by Southwestern Electric Power Company. The plant, located 1 mile west of the city limits, is a coal-fueled electric generating facility called Flint Creek Power Plant. Today SWEPCO continues to provide electrical power, SWEPCO Lake is used for fishing and recreation. To ease traffic through downtown, a new Arkansas Highway 12 bypass was built on the southern edge of town. In the early 1970s, the Wild Wilderness Drive-Through Safari was established north of town; the 400-acre park is home to a variety of exotic animals and consists of a 4 miles drive-through, petting parks and walk-through areas for interaction with the animals. In 1983, the McKee Foods Corporation opened its manufacturing facility in Gentry; the city celebrated its centennial in 1994 and held a 110th Birthday Bash in 2004.
Gentry is located at 36°16′1″N 94°29′3″W at the intersection of Highway 12 and Highway 59. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.2 square miles, of which 0.019 square miles, or 0.44%, is water. As of 2010 the population of Gentry was 3,158; the racial and ethnic composition of the population was 75.4% non-Hispanic white, 0.2% black, 5.6% Native American, 4.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.1% from some other race, 3.3% from two or more races and 12.0% Hispanic or Latino. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,165 people, 842 households, 607 families residing in the city; the population density was 908.3 people per square mile. There were 930 housing units at an average density of 390.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.84% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 3.42% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 3.33% from other races, 2.91% from two or more races. 5.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 842 households out of which 35.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.9% were non-families.
25.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.06. In the city, the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $31,765, the median income for a family was $37,569. Males had a median income of $27,361 versus $20,875 for females; the per capita income for the city was $14,309. About 11.7% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.0% of those under age 18 and 17.6% of those age 65 or over. More than 160 businesses, including restaurants and breakfast establishments, small industry/manufacturing plants, retail stores and service-oriented businesses, reside in Gentry.
Gentry's largest employer is McKee Foods Corporation, maker of the famous Little Debbie and Sunbelt snacks. McKee Foods celebrated 20 years of manufacturing in
Siloam Springs, Arkansas
Siloam Springs is a city in Benton County, United States. The city shares a border on the Arkansas-Oklahoma state line with the city of West Siloam Springs, within the Cherokee Nation territory; the town was founded in 1882 and was characterized by the purported healing powers of the spring water feeding Sager Creek and trading with nearby Native American tribes. John Brown University was founded in 1919 as a private, interdenominational, Christian liberal arts college in the city. Today, Siloam Springs is known for its efforts to preserve and revitalize the city's historic downtown and as a promoter of the arts via Sager Creek Arts Center and the JBU art gallery; the community is located on the western edge of the growing Northwest Arkansas metropolitan area and has had a population increase of 47% to 15,039 between the 2000 and 2010 censuses. In 2012, the city was named one of the 20 best small towns in America by Smithsonian magazine Osage Indians were the known first inhabitants of the area.
Siloam Springs' first white settlers were of Scots-Irish origin. Simon Sager is considered the founder of the town known as Hico; the area is located in the Mid-South region of the country where the southern plains meet the Ozark Mountains. The city sits atop a plateau with many dogwood trees growing across the landscape. Siloam Springs is made up of Siloam Springs and West Siloam Springs, Oklahoma; the latter is in the territory of the Cherokee Nation in northeastern Oklahoma. A perennial creek, named after the founder, Sager Creek, flows through the downtown area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.2 square miles, of which 11.1 square miles is land and 0.077 square miles, or 0.71%, is water. The Fayetteville–Springdale–Rogers Metropolitan Area consists of three Arkansas counties: Benton and Washington, McDonald County, Missouri; the area had a population of 347,045 at the 2000 census which had increased to 463,204 by the 2010 Census. Siloam Springs is at the extreme western edge of this area, connected to the principal cities by Highway 412.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Siloam Springs has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. July is the hottest month of the year, with an average high of 89.1 °F and an average low of 68.6 °F. Temperatures above 100 °F are rare but not uncommon. January is the coldest month with an average high of 44.3 °F and an average low of 24.2 °F. Highs below 32 °F occur on average thirteen times a year, with 2.2 nights per year dropping below 0 °F. The city's highest temperature was 111 °F, recorded on July 14, 1954; the lowest temperature recorded was −24 °F, on February 12, 1899. Precipitation is weakly seasonal, with a bimodal pattern: wet seasons in the spring and fall, drier summers and winters, but some rain in all months; the spring wet season is more pronounced than fall, with the highest rainfall in May. This differs from the climate in central Arkansas, where the fall wet season is more comparable to spring.
As of the census of 2010, there were 15,039 people in 5,138 households with 93.3% of the population in households. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 76% non-Hispanic white, 0.8% black, 4.6% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.2% non-Hispanic reporting some other race, 5.0% from two or more races and 20.8% Hispanic or Latino. At the 2000 census, there were 2,647 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,027.2 per square mile. There were 4,223 housing units at an average density of 400.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 85.22% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 4.29% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 5.67% from other races, 3.42% from two or more races. 14.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 3,894 households out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.0% were non-families.
26.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.11. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 16.8% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $34,513, the median income for a family was $41,153. Males had a median income of $27,339 versus $21,451 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,047. About 9.5% of families and 12.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.6% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over. As of 2009, there were 52 churches. There are reports that Siloam Springs has a record for most number churches per capita, while the ratio is higher than average, it has never been verified through reliable documentation.
Major employers in Siloam Springs include Simmons Foods, Gates Corporation, La-Z-Boy, DaySpring, Sager Creek Vegetable Company, Cobb-Vantress, a