Cynic is an American band whose work has incorporated elements of progressive rock, alternative rock, extreme metal. Founded in Miami, Florida. Founding members Paul Masvidal and Sean Reinert publicly revealed their homosexuality in May 2014, a move, broadly supported by the heavy metal community, their first album, released on September 14, 1993, is regarded as a landmark release of the progressive metal genre. Cynic disbanded in 1994, but reunited in 2006, released their second album on November 17, 2008. Traced in Air was released through French label Season of Mist, followed up by an EP titled Re-Traced on May 18, 2010 and an EP titled Carbon-Based Anatomy on November 11, 2011, their third studio album, Kindly Bent to Free Us, was released on February 14, 2014. In December 2017, after two years of an uncertain future, Reinert confirmed his split from Cynic, leaving Masvidal as the only remaining original member left. Cynic was formed by guitarist Paul Masvidal and drummer Sean Reinert in 1987.
In 1988, the band made their first recording called the'88 Demo. After the demo, Paul Masvidal took over vocal duties; the band added a second guitarist, Jason Gobel. Another demo followed in titled Reflections of a Dying World. 1989 brought the addition of bassist Tony Choy. In 1990, the group went to the studio to record their third demo, plainly titled'90 Demo. In 1991, Cynic signed with Roadrunner Records and recorded their fourth and final demo, known as Demo 1991; the recording of Cynic's full-length debut album Focus did not begin after the band signed a new contract with Roadrunner Records. Paul Masvidal and Sean Reinert had played on Death's 1991 album Human and were obligated to take part in the supporting tour of Europe. During this tour, Death ran into serious financial trouble, which resulted in Masvidal and Reinert's gear being confiscated for six months by a UK promoter. During this time, the band parted with bassist Tony Choy. Choy was replaced by Sean Malone; the band planned to record Focus in August 1992, but the day they were to begin recording, Hurricane Andrew struck Florida and destroyed both Gobel's home and the band's rehearsal space, leading to months of delay.
The band used this time as an opportunity to write new material, much of, featured on Focus. Tony Teegarden was brought in to do the "aggressive vocals", but all the vocoder vocals were recorded by Masvidal. Focus was released internationally September 14, 1993. Cynic toured extensively worldwide throughout 1993-94, including the Dynamo Open Air Festival in May 1994. Asked in a 2012 interview on Prog-Sphere.com about Focus material, Masvidal says: Sometimes you just burn out on material and we have toured Focus quite a bit. It does have a history and it had an impact as an album, but at some point you do have to move on. With another album under our belts we’ll have enough material to give people a whole body of new material to focus on instead of the past, but I enjoy Focus and to me it does seem like a record that represented something for us, honest. And I think. Musical and personal differences halted work on a second studio album, as the group disbanded, with most of its members turning to side projects.
Gobel and Reinert, with bassist Chris Kringel and vocalist/keyboardist Aruna Abrams, formed the short-lived Portal. Masvidal and Reinert released an album with a more recent project, the indie act Æon Spoke, on SPV Records and Kringel played with them, touring the UK in 2005; the members of Cynic loosely reunited on Emergent. In September 2006, Paul Masvidal announced that Cynic was reuniting to perform during spring/summer of 2007. During June/July/August 2007, they played 15 shows across Europe, predominantly at major metal/rock festivals; the setlist consisted of songs from Focus, Portal's demo, a cover of Mahavishnu Orchestra's "Meeting of the Spirits," and a new song, "Evolutionary Sleeper." The reunion line-up featured founding members Masvidal on Reinert on drums. Gobel, the longtime guitarist who played on Focus, could not participate due to family and work commitments, David "Mavis" Senescu was brought aboard as a replacement. Malone, who played bass on Focus, was unavailable due to teaching and work commitments, Chris Kringel, who played bass on the 1993 European tour, was brought in as a replacement.
All death growls were handled by pre-recordings of Teegarden. All keyboards were covered by Senescu using guitar synths. In early 2008, the band announced plans to complete a second studio album. Malone rejoined the lineup and Dutch guitarist Tymon Kruidenier of Exivious was added, the latter contributing death growls. Traced in Air was released internationally November 17, 2008 on Season of Mist, followed by Robin Zielhorst being added as touring bassist; the band played at the Wacken Open Air festival. The Traced in Air tour cycle began in Autumn 2008 with direct support slots for Opeth on their European tour. Starting in February 2009, Cynic toured North America with Meshuggah and The Faceless, beginning April 15, 2009 Cynic toured North America in support of DragonForce. During the 2010 tour in support of Between the Buried and Me, along with Scale the Summit and the Devin Townsend Project, the band performed live "an experiment" titled "Wheels Within Wheels." Shortly after unveiling this new work, the band announced a new EP coming soon on their MySpace blog.
Masvidal revealed in an interview the plans for the coming EP:'Re-Traced' is an experiment for us — an opportunity to turn f
The Tallest Man on Earth
Kristian Matsson is a singer-songwriter from Dalarna, who performs under the stage name of The Tallest Man on Earth. Matsson grew up in Leksand, began his solo career in 2006, having been the lead singer of the indie band Montezumas, his music has drawn comparisons to the music of Bob Dylan. Since 2006, Matsson has released two EPs, he records and produces these in his home, records his voice and guitar together on one track. He is known both by his enemies for his charismatic stage presence, he was married to Amanda Bergman known by the stage name Idiot Wind. Together, they wrote the music for the Swedish drama film Once a Year. Matsson was born on 30 April 1983 in Leksand, Sweden. Before he began his solo career, he was the lead singer of the indie band Montezumas, he is 1.7 meters tall. Matsson's first solo release, The Tallest Man on Earth, was released in 2006; the EP received positive reviews. At the start of his solo career, Matsson didn't plan to make music full-time, he released his music without providing personal information or photographs of himself to journalists.
In 2008, Matsson released an album, Shallow Grave, praised by the music site Pitchfork and was listed #47 on Pitchfork's list of the 50 Best Albums of 2008. The album received favorable reviews. Following Shallow Grave's release, Matsson was chosen as the opening act for the American indie folk band Bon Iver; the resulting publicity led to a solo tour throughout the United States and Europe, where he attracted large crowds in spite of the lack of a record deal or distribution in the United States. The song Pistol Dreams released as a single, appeared in the Swedish television serial How Soon Is Now?. On 9 October 2009, Matsson visited the Daytrotter studio, where he recorded four songs, including a cover of Bob Dylan's I Want You. At that time Matsson cited Roscoe Holcomb as an influence for his singing style, included Emmylou Harris and Cat Power as influences. Mattson signed with the American label Dead Oceans, in April 2010 released his second album, The Wild Hunt." The album was well received.
The single King of Spain contains, besides the title track, a cover of Paul Simon's Graceland and the unreleased track Where I Thought I Met the Angels. During the late summer and autumn of 2010 Matsson went on tour in North Europe; the album was followed that same year by an EP, Sometimes the Blues Is Just a Passing Bird, which got good reviews. The EP was released through the iTunes Store in September, in November was published on CD, LP and MP3; the album consists of all written for The Wild Hunt. The Wild Hunt garnered Matsson several award nominations. In 2011, he was nominated in the category "Best Male Artist" in the Grammis Awards, the Swedish equivalent of the American Grammy Awards, but lost to Håkan Hellström. Matsson was nominated in the category "pop" in the 2011 P3 Gold Awards, but lost to Malmö indie pop band This Is Head. In February 2011, Matsson won the Manifest Award in the "singer/songwriter" category. On 5 April 2011, Matsson participated in the BBC's program, Later... with Jools Holland, where he performed the songs King of Spain and Love Is All.
In June of the same year, Matsson's debut EP, The Tallest Man on Earth, was reissued with the unreleased track In the Pockets exclusive to the vinyl edition of the reissue. In July, he released the single Weather of a Killing Kind as part of the 2011 Adult Swim Singles program. In August 2011, Matsson had contributed to the soundtrack of the Swedish drama film En gång om året, along with the Idiot Wind; the film premiered at the Gothenburg Film Festival on 29 January 2012 and had a theatrical release on 17 May 2013. On 27 January 2012, Matsson took part in the Swedish TV game show, På spåret where he, backed by a studio band, performed two cover songs: Thin Lizzy's Dancing in the Moonlight and Cornelis Vreeswijk's En Fattig Trubadur. In February of that year re-released single, King of Spain as 12" vinyl for the event Record Store Day; the album was limited to 2000 copies. On 12 June 2012, Matsson released his third studio album as The Tallest Man on Earth, There's No Leaving Now, on Dead Oceans.
The album was recorded by Matsson himself in his home studio in Dalarna during the latter part of 2011 and early 2012. The album was streamed on Dead Oceans' website a week before its official release. Along with the album, Matsson announced a summer tour throughout Europe and the United States including two gigs in Sweden and a performance at the Newport Folk Festival in Newport, Rhode Island. Matsson toured in Europe in October 2012. On 28 January 2013, Matsson took part in a benefit concert for the American musician Jason Molina, who did not have health insurance and was in debt after a hospital stay; the concert took place at the Södra Teatern in Stockholm, where Matsson played alongside, among others, I'm Kingfisher and Idiot Wind. Molina died on 16 March 2013. Matsson's fourth studio album as The Tallest Man on Earth, Dark Bird Is Home, was released on 12 May 2015 on Dead Oceans; the album was inspired by Matsson's divorce from Amanda Bergman as well as the death of a close family member, its more elaborate instrumentation represented a musical shift
The Age of Adz
The Age of Adz is the sixth studio album by American singer/songwriter Sufjan Stevens, released on October 12, 2010 by Asthmatic Kitty. It was Stevens' first song-based full-length album in five years, since the release of Illinois in 2005; the album features a heavy use of electronics augmented by orchestration, takes inspiration from the apocalyptic artwork of schizophrenic artist Royal Robertson. Stevens' use of electronics marked a radical departure from much of his previous work—most notably from Seven Swans and Michigan. Unlike Illinois, the lyrics do not explore events, characters or setting, but deal instead with themes and emotions on a personal level. Critics praised the intimacy of the album, but many were divided over the change in style that Stevens had taken. Nonetheless, it appeared on several "best of 2010" lists—including those of Paste, The New York Times and MTV. Commercially, the album gave Stevens his career's best first week sales to date and was his highest charting album to date, peaking at number seven on the Billboard 200.
In 2006, Sufjan Stevens released an album of extra material left over from Illinois, titled The Avalanche, as well as an album of Christmas music titled Songs for Christmas. Following the release of The Avalanche, Stevens expressed a dissatisfaction with his music, stating in an interview with Pitchfork in 2006: "I'm getting tired of my voice. I'm getting tired of... the banjo. I'm getting tired of... the trumpet". In 2009 Stevens admitted that his Fifty States Project—an attempt to write an album for each of the 50 U. S. States—had been a "promotional gimmick" and not something that he had intended to complete. In the same year he released The BQE, an orchestral suite accompanying a home-made film dedicated to the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway. In an interview with BeatRoute Magazine in 2010, Stevens stated " kinda sabotaged the mechanical way of approaching my music, narrative long-form, it opened things up for me. It confused things as well. I don’t think I really recovered from that process". On August 20, 2010, without prior announcement, Stevens released the EP All Delighted People, less than one week announced The Age of Adz to be released on October 12.
In interviews, Stevens stated that during 2009–2010 he suffered from a mysterious debilitating viral infection that affected his nervous system. He experienced chronic pain, was forced to stop working on music for several months, he said: "The Age of Adz, is, in some ways, a result of that process of working through health issues and getting much more in touch with my physical self. That's why I think the record's obsessed with sensation and has a hysterical melodrama to it."My Brightest Diamond frontwoman Shara Nova—who collaborated with Stevens as a backing vocalist on the albums The Avalanche and Illinois—has a solo performance on the track "Impossible Soul", provides backing vocals throughout the album. The artwork of Royal Robertson, a self-proclaimed prophet from Louisiana, was used for the album's cover and interior. Will Hermes of Rolling Stone said that Sufjan Stevens uses the artwork "as a springboard for music that evokes a visionary psyche." Stevens became interested in the work of Robertson after recording music for a friend's documentary on the artist, said that ", the more I felt a weird affinity to this guy and the story of his life."
He began to transcribe some of the text that appears in Robertson's artwork, says this process stayed with him a "long time" and "that some of it started to come up in the lyrics, in the songs I was writing. The Age of Adz marked a radical departure in musical style from that of Stevens' previous album Illinois. Robin Hilton summarised the changes as Stevens " delicately plucked banjo lines, wispy vocals and sentimental melodies with glitchy soundscapes, hip-hop beats and filtered vocals." Amongst his other work, the 2001 electronic album Enjoy Your Rabbit was regarded as being the most close in style to this album. Critics highlighted the first track "Futile Devices" as being stylistically consistent with his earlier acoustic work. Sufjan Stevens himself has said that the album's tracks "are pop songs, but they’re based on sound experimentation and noise", he contrasted the way in which the album was made for listeners who understood his interest in "electronic music and noise and in sound sculpting and minimalism", with Illinois which he described as a "populist record".
Professional music critics dubbed the album experimental, electronic pop, art rock, futurepop, electroacoustic and synthpop. The Age of Adz departs from the geography-based concepts of Stevens' previous albums; the album contains no "conceptual underpinnings", instead focusing on themes that are personal and intimate to Stevens himself. A recurrent focus of the album is love, a theme that sometimes overlaps with spirituality as Stevens seems to address both a lover and a divine power. Another important theme is that of mortality — the song "Now That I'm Older" has been noted as "repeatedly mortality and the importance of making the most of life." Acknowledging the interplay of these two themes, the album has been described as having songs "in which love and death reign darkly over an i
A website or Web site is a collection of related network web resources, such as web pages, multimedia content, which are identified with a common domain name, published on at least one web server. Notable examples are wikipedia.org, google.com, amazon.com. Websites can be accessed via a public Internet Protocol network, such as the Internet, or a private local area network, by a uniform resource locator that identifies the site. Websites can be used in various fashions. Websites are dedicated to a particular topic or purpose, ranging from entertainment and social networking to providing news and education. All publicly accessible websites collectively constitute the World Wide Web, while private websites, such as a company's website for its employees, are part of an intranet. Web pages, which are the building blocks of websites, are documents composed in plain text interspersed with formatting instructions of Hypertext Markup Language, they may incorporate elements from other websites with suitable markup anchors.
Web pages are accessed and transported with the Hypertext Transfer Protocol, which may optionally employ encryption to provide security and privacy for the user. The user's application a web browser, renders the page content according to its HTML markup instructions onto a display terminal. Hyperlinking between web pages conveys to the reader the site structure and guides the navigation of the site, which starts with a home page containing a directory of the site web content; some websites require user subscription to access content. Examples of subscription websites include many business sites, news websites, academic journal websites, gaming websites, file-sharing websites, message boards, web-based email, social networking websites, websites providing real-time stock market data, as well as sites providing various other services. End users can access websites on a range of devices, including desktop and laptop computers, tablet computers and smart TVs; the World Wide Web was created in 1990 by the British CERN physicist Tim Berners-Lee.
On 30 April 1993, CERN announced. Before the introduction of HTML and HTTP, other protocols such as File Transfer Protocol and the gopher protocol were used to retrieve individual files from a server; these protocols offer a simple directory structure which the user navigates and where they choose files to download. Documents were most presented as plain text files without formatting, or were encoded in word processor formats. Websites can be used in various fashions. Websites can be the work of an individual, a business or other organization, are dedicated to a particular topic or purpose. Any website can contain a hyperlink to any other website, so the distinction between individual sites, as perceived by the user, can be blurred. Websites are written in, or converted to, HTML and are accessed using a software interface classified as a user agent. Web pages can be viewed or otherwise accessed from a range of computer-based and Internet-enabled devices of various sizes, including desktop computers, tablet computers and smartphones.
A website is hosted on a computer system known as a web server called an HTTP server. These terms can refer to the software that runs on these systems which retrieves and delivers the web pages in response to requests from the website's users. Apache is the most used web server software and Microsoft's IIS is commonly used; some alternatives, such as Nginx, Hiawatha or Cherokee, are functional and lightweight. A static website is one that has web pages stored on the server in the format, sent to a client web browser, it is coded in Hypertext Markup Language. Images are used to effect the desired appearance and as part of the main content. Audio or video might be considered "static" content if it plays automatically or is non-interactive; this type of website displays the same information to all visitors. Similar to handing out a printed brochure to customers or clients, a static website will provide consistent, standard information for an extended period of time. Although the website owner may make updates periodically, it is a manual process to edit the text and other content and may require basic website design skills and software.
Simple forms or marketing examples of websites, such as classic website, a five-page website or a brochure website are static websites, because they present pre-defined, static information to the user. This may include information about a company and its products and services through text, animations, audio/video, navigation menus. Static websites can be edited using four broad categories of software: Text editors, such as Notepad or TextEdit, where content and HTML markup are manipulated directly within the editor program WYSIWYG offline editors, such as Microsoft FrontPage and Adobe Dreamweaver, with which the site is edited using a GUI and the final HTML markup is generated automatically by the editor software WYSIWYG online editors which create media rich online presentation like web pages, intro, blogs, an
M83 are a French electronic music project based in Los Angeles. The band's primary member is vocalist, multi-instrumentalist, record producer Anthony Gonzalez. Formed in 2001 in Antibes, the band was formed as a duo with Nicolas Fromageau; the band has released seven albums and two soundtracks, including the Grammy Award-nominated Hurry Up, We're Dreaming. Gonzalez and Fromageau parted ways shortly after touring their second album Dead Cities, Red Seas & Lost Ghosts. Gonzalez records on his own, with other artists as guest musicians; the band is signed to Mute Records and found international success in 2011 with the single "Midnight City". Their most recent album Junk was released in 2016. Anthony Gerard Gonzalez grew up in France together with his brother Yann, his family had a great interest in football and Gonzalez had trials with AS Cannes, while his maternal grandfather is the French international Laurent Robuschi. At the age of 14 he got turned to music instead after his parents bought him a guitar.
Gonzalez developed his interest in music American culture while at secondary school. Together with Fromageau he formed. At the age of 17, Gonzalez bought a synth to record a demo, which he sent to a number of French labels; when the Paris-based Gooom Records appeared interested, he recruited Fromageau to "help me because I didn't feel like I had the shoulders to carry the project on my own". The band is named after the galaxy of the same name. In spring 2001, M83 released its self-titled debut album recorded on an 8-track while Gonzalez was still in college; the release did not attract much attention outside Europe until September 2005, when Mute Records reissued the album for a worldwide release. M83's second album Dead Cities, Red Seas & Lost Ghosts followed in spring 2003 to widespread critical acclaim. After worldwide touring for Dead Cities resumed, Nicolas Fromageau left the band and formed the band Team Ghost in 2009. Gonzalez returned to the studio to record the group's third studio album, Before the Dawn Heals Us, released in January 2005.
The same year, M83 provided a remix of "The Pioneers" by Bloc Party, included on Bloc Party's remix album Silent Alarm Remixed. M83 remixed Placebo's "Protège-Moi", Goldfrapp's "Black Cherry", Depeche Mode's "Suffer Well", Van She's "Kelly", The Bumblebeez's "Vila Attack". M83's songs have been remixed by Gooom labelmates Montag and Cyann & Ben. In 2006, after the Before the Dawn Heals Us US tour, Anthony Gonzalez continued to explore a musical direction heard on earlier M83 tracks and began writing and recording a collection of ambient works; the album was recorded at his home studio with the assistance of Antoine Gaillet. The resulting project was called Digital Shades Vol. 1, was released in September 2007 with a sleeve illustrated by Laurent Fetis. It is intended to be part of an ongoing series of ambient works. Saturdays = Youth, M83's fifth studio album, was released in April 2008, it was recorded with Ewan Pearson and Morgan Kibby. The album features a more focused approach to song structure and form, Gonzalez stated that the main influence of the album came from music of the 1980s: "I think that'80s music is such a brilliant period for music history.
It was the occasion for me to do a tribute to this'80s music, but a tribute to my teenage years because the main theme of the album is being a teenager, being a teenager means a lot to me." Four singles were released from the album: "Couleurs" in February 2008, "Graveyard Girl" in April, "Kim & Jessie" in July, "We Own the Sky" in December. Redbull and Snowboarder Travis Rice used "We Own the Sky" as the opening song in the 2008 snowboard film That's It That's All. M83 appeared on a limited edition split 7" single with Maps in 2008. In December 2008, M83 supported Kings of Leon on its UK tour. In January and February 2009, M83 supported The Killers across United States tour dates and toured with Depeche Mode on its Tour of the Universe in Italy and France. In July, M83 appeared at the Fuji Rock Festival in Japan. In July 2009, M83 appeared at the Wexner Center in Columbus, when there was an altercation between Gonzalez and a security guard, the band apologized to its fans for the incident. In 2010, on the eve of turning 30, Gonzalez moved to Los Angeles.
In Spring 2010, M83 composed the score of French director Gilles Marchand's film Black Heaven. On 5 July 2010, the Black Heaven Soundtrack was released, which included two new songs by M83 called "Black Hole" and "Marion's Theme", along with five tracks from his back catalog; the soundtrack includes songs from the score by Emmanuel D'Orlando, Moon Dailly and John & Jehn. However, his feelings towards the record were negative, leaving him depressed. In 2011, Gonzalez started working on a new batch of songs for an album slated for release in the year, he described the tracks as darker and "very very epic". Speaking with Spin, he said of the new album ``. It's about dreams, how every one is different, how you dream differently when you're a kid, a teenager, or an adult. I'm proud of it. If you're doing a long album, all the songs need to be different and I think I've done that with this one." He recorded again with Morgan Kibby as well as others, in
Punk rock is a rock music genre that developed in the mid-1970s in the United States, United Kingdom and Australia. Rooted in 1960s garage rock and other forms of what is now known as "proto-punk" music, punk rock bands rejected perceived excesses of mainstream 1970s rock, they produced short, fast-paced songs with hard-edged melodies and singing styles, stripped-down instrumentation, political, anti-establishment lyrics. Punk embraces a DIY ethic; the term "punk rock" was first used by certain American rock critics in the early 1970s to describe 1960s garage bands and subsequent acts perceived as stylistic inheritors. Between 1974 and 1976 the movement now called. By late 1976, bands such as Television and the Ramones in New York City, the Sex Pistols, the Clash, the Damned in London, the Saints in Brisbane were recognized as forming its vanguard; as 1977 approached, punk became a major and controversial cultural phenomenon in the UK. It spawned a punk subculture expressing youthful rebellion through distinctive styles of clothing and adornment and a variety of anti-authoritarian ideologies.
In 1977 the influence of the music and subculture became more pervasive. It took root in a wide range of local scenes that rejected affiliation with the mainstream. In the late 1970s, punk experienced a second wave as new acts that were not active during its formative years adopted the style. By the early 1980s, faster and more aggressive subgenres such as hardcore punk, street punk and anarcho-punk became the predominant modes of punk rock. Musicians identifying with or inspired by punk pursued other musical directions, giving rise to spinoffs such as post-punk, new wave, indie pop, alternative rock, noise rock. By the 1990s, punk re-emerged in the mainstream with the success of punk rock and pop punk bands such as Green Day, The Offspring, Blink-182; the first wave of punk rock was "aggressively modern" and differed from what came before. According to Ramones drummer Tommy Ramone, "In its initial form, a lot of stuff was innovative and exciting. What happens is that people who could not hold a candle to the likes of Hendrix started noodling away.
Soon you had endless solos. By 1973, I knew that what was needed was some pure, stripped down, no bullshit rock'n' roll." John Holmstrom, founding editor of Punk magazine, recalls feeling "punk rock had to come along because the rock scene had become so tame that like Billy Joel and Simon and Garfunkel were being called rock and roll, when to me and other fans and roll meant this wild and rebellious music." In critic Robert Christgau's description, "It was a subculture that scornfully rejected the political idealism and Californian flower-power silliness of hippie myth." Technical accessibility and a Do. UK pub rock from 1972-1975 contributed to the emergence of punk rock by developing a network of small venues, such as pubs, where non-mainstream bands could play. Pub rock introduced the idea of independent record labels, such as Stiff Records, which put out basic, low-cost records. Pub rock bands put out small pressings of their records. In the early days of punk rock, this DIY ethic stood in marked contrast to what those in the scene regarded as the ostentatious musical effects and technological demands of many mainstream rock bands.
Musical virtuosity was looked on with suspicion. According to Holmstrom, punk rock was "rock and roll by people who didn't have many skills as musicians but still felt the need to express themselves through music". In December 1976, the English fanzine Sideburns published a now-famous illustration of three chords, captioned "This is a chord, this is another, this is a third. Now form a band"; the title of a 1980 single by the New York punk band Stimulators, "Loud Fast Rules!", inscribed a catchphrase for punk's basic musical approach. Some of British punk rock's leading figures made a show of rejecting not only contemporary mainstream rock and the broader culture it was associated with, but their own most celebrated music predecessors: "No Elvis, Beatles or the Rolling Stones in 1977", declared the Clash song "1977"; the previous year, when the punk rock revolution began in Great Britain, was to be both a musical and a cultural "Year Zero". As nostalgia was discarded, many in the scene adopted a nihilistic attitude summed up by the Sex Pistols slogan "No Future".
While "self-imposed alienation" was common among "drunk punks" and "gutter punks", there was always a tension between their nihilistic outlook and the "radical leftist utopianism" of bands such as Crass, who found positive, liberating meaning in the movement. As a Clash associate describes singer Joe Strummer's outlook, "Punk rock is meant to be our freedom. We're meant to be able to do what we want to do."The issue of authenticity is important in the punk subculture—the pejorative term "poseur" is applied to those who associate with punk and adopt its stylistic attributes but are deemed not to share or understand the underlying values and philosophy. Scholar Daniel S. Traber argues that "attaining authenticity in the punk identity can be difficult".
Godspeed You! Black Emperor
Godspeed You! Black Emperor is a Canadian experimental music collective which originated in Montreal, Quebec in 1994; the group releases recordings through Constellation, an independent record label located in Montreal. After the release of their debut album in 1997, the group toured from 1998 to 2002. In 2003, the band announced an indefinite hiatus in order for members to pursue other musical interests. In the intervening period, the group was rumored to have broken up, but reconvened for a tour which began in late 2010. Since reforming, they have released three more albums, the most recent being Luciferian Towers in September 2017; the band has gained a dedicated cult following and remains influential in the post-rock genre. In September 2013, their fourth album and their comeback release after 10 years,'Allelujah! Don't Bend! Ascend! won the 2013 Polaris Music Prize. The band is known for their song "East Hastings" from the 1997 album F♯ A♯ ∞, used in the film 28 Days Later in an edited version.
"East Hastings" does not appear on the 28 Days Later: The Soundtrack Album because the rights to the song could not be obtained. Godspeed You! Black Emperor was formed in 1994 in Montreal, Quebec, by Efrim Menuck, Mike Moya, Mauro Pezzente; the band took its name from God Speed You! Black Emperor, a 1976 Japanese black-and-white documentary by director Mitsuo Yanagimachi, which follows the exploits of a Japanese biker gang, the Black Emperors; the band assembled after being offered a supporting act for another local band named Steak 72. Thereafter, the trio performed live on a few separate occasions, before deciding to produce an album; the cassette, All Lights Fucked on the Hairy Amp Drooling, was self-released in December 1994 and limited to thirty-three copies. After the limited release of the cassette, the band expanded and continued to perform live periodically. According to Menuck, joining the group was quite simple: "It was like if anyone knew anybody who played an instrument and seemed like an okay person, they would sort of join up."
In short order, the group's numbers flowed. Local musicians would join the band for a handful of performances depart; the revolving door nature of the group's membership caused it strain before the release of F♯ A♯ ∞. After that release, the group stabilized around a nine-person lineup with Menuck and David Bryant on guitars and Thierry Amar on bass guitars, Aidan Girt and Bruce Cawdron on drums, Sophie Trudeau and Norsola Johnson on violin and cello respectively. Moya would depart in 1998 to focus on HṚṢṬA. Although various members of the band are pinned down as anarchists, for a rather long time no one in the band explicitly subscribed to this label. In any case, there is a strong political component to the band's music. For example, the liner notes to Yanqui U. X. O. Describe the song "09-15-00" as "Ariel Sharon surrounded by 1,000 Israeli soldiers marching on al-Haram Ash-Sharif & provoking another Intifada," and the back cover of that album depicts the relationships of several major record labels to the military–industrial complex.
Several of its songs incorporate voice samples which express political sentiments, most notably "The Dead Flag Blues" and "BBF3". Members of the group have formed a number of side projects, including Thee Silver Mt. Zion Memorial Orchestra & Tra-La-La Band, Fly Pan Am, HṚṢṬA, Set Fire to Flames; the band released the CD versions of its first two albums and EP on the Kranky record label, released the LPs through Constellation Records. All editions of their subsequent studio material have been released through Constellation. In 2004, long-time guitarist Roger Tellier-Craig left the band on amicable terms to devote more time to Fly Pan Am; the group was once misconstrued as being a band of terrorists. After stopping at a local gas station for fuel in the town of Ardmore, during their 2003 tour of the United States, the station attendant working that day believed the group of Canadians to be terrorists, she passed a note to another customer asking them to call the police. When the local police appeared, the group was held until it could be questioned by the FBI.
Although the police were suspicious of the band's anti-government documents and some photos it had, they found no incriminating evidence. After background checks were run, the ensemble was released from custody and continued on its way to its next show in Saint Louis, MO. Efrim Menuck spoke to the crowd during their appearance in Missouri about what happened to them and speculated that their origin was a motive for being released quickly; the incident was mentioned in Michael Moore's book Dude, Where's My Country?. In 2010, the band reported it was reuniting for an All Tomorrow's Parties music event in the UK as well as further US dates. Mike Moya re-joined the band for the reunion, while original cellist Norsola Johnson declined to participate; the band played a full North American and European tour in 2011, more dates in the UK including an appearance at the ATP'I'll Be Your Mirror' music festival in London. The following year the band appeared at the Pitchfork Music Festival in Chicago and the 2012 All Tomorrow's Parties I'll Be Your Mirror festival in New York.
Drummer Timothy Herzog began touring with the band after the departure of Bruce Cawdron. In 2013, the band won the Polaris Music Prize, but it criticized the cost of the ceremony during the time of austerity, stating, "Maybe the next celebration sh