Ivana Marie Trump is a Czech former model and businesswoman, the first wife of Donald Trump. They married in 1977 and divorced in 1992, they have three children together, Donald Trump Jr. Ivanka Trump, Eric Trump. Ivana Zelníčková was born on February 20, 1949 in the Moravian town of Zlín, the daughter of Miloš Zelníček, Czech, Marie Francová, Austrian. From the age of 13, her father encouraged her skiing talent. In the early 1970s, she attended Charles University in Prague. According to Zelníčková, she was selected as an alternate on the Czechoslovak ski team during the 1972 Winter Olympics, her specialties being the downhill and slalom. However, in 1989, Petr Pomezný, Secretary General of the Czechoslovak Olympic Committee, said, "Who is this Ivana woman, why do people keep calling us about her? We have searched so many times and have consulted many, many people, there is no such girl in our records." In 1971, Zelníčková married Austrian ski instructor Alfred Winkelmayr to enable her to leave Communist Czechoslovakia.
She received her Austrian passport in March 1972 and left for Canada in September 1972. The marriage was formally dissolved in 1973. In Canada she lived with her boyfriend George Syrovatka whom she had been dating since 1967 and who had emigrated to Canada in 1972 and owned a ski boutique in Montreal. For the following two years, she lived in Montreal, improved her English by taking night courses at McGill University, worked as a model, her modeling jobs included promoting the 1976 Summer Olympics. In this capacity Zelníčková was in New York City with a group of models in 1976 where she met Donald Trump, they were married in 1977 in a lavish wedding officiated by Norman Vincent Peale. Donald and Ivana Trump became leading figures in New York society during the 1980s, they worked on several large projects, including the renovation of the Grand Hyatt Hotel in New York City, construction of the Trump Taj Mahal Casino Resort in Atlantic City, New Jersey, the Trump Tower on Fifth Avenue in Manhattan.
They had three children: Donald Trump Jr. Ivanka Trump, Eric Trump. Donald Jr. learned to speak fluent Czech, while daughter Ivanka has only basic understanding of her mother's native tongue and Eric was not exposed to the language because at the time of his birth his grandparents were comfortable enough in using English. Ivana has nine grandchildren. Ivana took a major role in The Trump Organization, she became the Vice President of Interior Design for the company, leading the signature design of Trump Tower. Afterwards, her then-husband appointed her to head up the Trump Castle Hotel and Casino as president, she became a naturalized U. S. citizen in 1988. In October 1990, Ivana Trump's 63-year-old father died from a heart attack. According to The Guardian, her father - Miloš Zelníček - was an informer for Czechoslovakia's Státní bezpečnost intelligence service and relayed information from Ivana Trump, including a prediction that George HW Bush would win the 1988 presidential election. Ivana stood side-by-side with her husband Donald at the funeral in Zlín.
Jaroslav Jansa, codename "Jarda" and secret collaborator to the StB attended the funeral. That Christmas, when the family was on vacation in Aspen, Ivana Trump encountered Marla Maples on the ski slopes; the Trumps' divorce proceedings appeared on New York tabloid newspapers' covers for 11 days in a row, Liz Smith wrote about nothing else for three months. Their divorce, in a deposition for which she accused him of rape and of pulling out handfuls of her hair, was settled in 1991. However, in 2018, in a TV interview on Good Morning Britain she stated that Donald Trump never touched her badly and that it was in fact the lawyers who had suggested to make these false accusations. A condition of settlement was; the divorce was finalized in 1992. In 1995, she married Riccardo Mazzucchelli, she filed a $15 million breach of contract suit against Mazzucchelli for violating the confidentiality clause in their prenuptial agreement. In 1997, Mazzucchelli sued Donald for libel. In the summer of 1997, she began dating Roffredo Gaetani.
In April 2008, Ivana 59, married Rossano Rubicondi 36. The $3 million wedding for 400 guests was hosted by ex-husband Donald Trump at his Mar-a-Lago estate. Daughter Ivanka Trump was her maid of honor. On December 1, 2008, Ivana confirmed to the Associated Press that she had filed a legal separation agreement three months previously. In December 2009, she said. Soon after her divorce from Donald Trump in 1992, she developed lines of clothing, fashion jewelry and beauty products that have been sold through television shopping channels. In 2005, Trump was involved in several proposed condominium projects that failed, including the never-built Ivana Las Vegas, the Bentley Bay in Miami, Florida. In 2010, she sued the Finnish fashion company, Ivana Helsinki, accusing it of selling women's clothing that incorporates her name without permission, she has written several novels, For Love Alone, Free to Love and a self-help book called, The Best is Yet to Come: Coping with Divorce and Enjoying Life Again.
In June 1995, she began writing an advice column for Globe, titled Ask Ivana, ab
Bright Lights, Big City (novel)
Bright Lights, Big City is an American novel by Jay McInerney, published by Vintage Books on August 12, 1984. It is written about a character's time spent caught up in, notably escaping from, the mid-1980s New York City fast lane; the novel got its title from the Jimmy Reed blues song of the same name. The novel is written in an unusual narrative method in English language fiction; the story's narrator is a 24-year-old writer who works as a fact checker for a highbrow magazine for which he had once hoped to write. By night, he is a cocaine-using party-goer seeking to lose himself in the hedonism of the 1980s yuppie party scene going to a nightclub called Heartbreak, his wife, Amanda left him, he copes with this by pretending nothing happened and telling no one that she is gone. The two had met in Kansas City. After flying out to Paris for Fashion Week, she calls the narrator to inform him that she is leaving him for another man and to pursue her career. Hopeful that she will return someday, the narrator resorts to searching for her at a fashion event, publicly humiliating himself while failing to garner more attention from her than a brief look.
He obsesses over every item she owned in his apartment, every modeling photo and every club she visited repeatedly visiting a mannequin based on her. His partying and his personal troubles begin to affect his work, he comes to realize Amanda's superficiality, becoming both disillusioned with her and the materialistic culture of New York in general. He reveals that the true reason for his spiral downwards was his mother's death, which took place a year ago, he realizes. After his mother's death, he was in shock and it wasn't until Amanda left him that he began grieving over his mother, causing his cocaine addiction and reckless abandon; the novel went on to be the source material for the 1988 film Bright Lights, Big City, written by McInerney. In 1999, an off Broadway stage musical was produced by the New York Theater Workshop, written by Paul Scott Goodman and directed by Michael Greif, with orchestrations and musical direction by Richard Barone. Bright Lights, Big City Literapedia Notes for Bright Lights, Big City
2016 United States presidential election
The 2016 United States presidential election was the 58th quadrennial American presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. The Republican ticket of businessman Donald Trump and Indiana Governor Mike Pence defeated the Democratic ticket of former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and U. S. Senator from Virginia Tim Kaine, despite losing the popular vote. Trump took office as the 45th President, Pence as the 48th Vice President, on January 20, 2017. Trump emerged as the front-runner amidst a wide field of Republican primary candidates, while Clinton defeated Senator Bernie Sanders and became the first female presidential nominee of a major American party. Trump's populist, nationalist campaign, which promised to "Make America Great Again" and opposed political correctness, illegal immigration, many free-trade agreements, garnered extensive free media coverage. Clinton emphasized her political experience, denounced Trump and many of his supporters as bigots, advocated the expansion of President Obama's policies.
The tone of the general election campaign was characterized as divisive and negative. Trump faced controversy over his views on race and immigration, incidents of violence against protestors at his rallies, his alleged sexual misconduct, while Clinton was dogged by declining approval ratings and an FBI investigation of her improper use of a private email server. Clinton had held the lead in nearly every pre-election nationwide poll and in most swing state polls, leading some commentators to compare Trump's victory to that of Harry S. Truman in 1948 as one of the greatest political upsets in modern U. S. history. While Clinton received 2.87 million more votes nationwide, a margin of 2.1%, Trump won a majority of electoral votes, with a total of 306 electors from 30 states, including upset victories in the pivotal Rust Belt region. Trump received 304 electoral votes and Clinton garnered 227, as two faithless electors defected from Trump and five defected from Clinton. Trump is the fifth person in U.
S. history to become president while losing the nationwide popular vote. He is the first president without any prior experience in public service or the military, the oldest at inauguration and is believed by many to be the wealthiest; the United States government's intelligence agencies concluded on January 6, 2017, that the Russian government had interfered in the elections in order to "undermine public faith in the U. S. democratic process, denigrate Secretary Clinton, harm her electability and potential presidency". President Trump criticized these conclusions, calling the issue a "hoax" and "fake news". Trump has criticized accusations of collusion between Russia and his campaign, citing a lack of evidence. Investigations regarding such collusion were started by the FBI, the Senate Intelligence Committee, the House Intelligence Committee; the Special Counsel investigation began in May 2017 and concluded in March 2019. In a letter sent to Congress on March 24, Attorney General William Barr quoted the special counsel's report in stating that "the investigation did not establish that members of the Trump Campaign conspired or coordinated with the Russian government in its election interference activities."
Article Two of the United States Constitution provides that the President and Vice President of the United States must be natural-born citizens of the United States, at least 35 years old, residents of the United States for a period of at least 14 years. Candidates for the presidency seek the nomination of one of the political parties, in which case each party devises a method to choose the candidate the party deems best suited to run for the position. Traditionally, the primary elections are indirect elections where voters cast ballots for a slate of party delegates pledged to a particular candidate; the party's delegates officially nominate a candidate to run on the party's behalf. The general election in November is an indirect election, where voters cast ballots for a slate of members of the Electoral College. President Barack Obama, a Democrat and former U. S. Senator from Illinois, was ineligible to seek reelection to a third term due to the restrictions of the Twenty-second Amendment; the series of presidential primary elections and caucuses took place between February and June 2016, staggered among the 50 states, the District of Columbia and U.
S. territories. This nominating process was an indirect election, where voters cast ballots for a slate of delegates to a political party's nominating convention, who in turn elected their party's presidential nominee. Speculation about the 2016 campaign began immediately following the 2012 campaign, with New York magazine declaring the race had begun in an article published on November 8, two days after the 2012 election. On the same day, Politico released an article predicting the 2016 general election would be between Clinton and former Florida Governor Jeb Bush, while a New York Times article named New Jersey Governor Chris Christie and Senator Cory Booker from New Jersey as potential candidates. With seventeen major candidates entering the race, starting with Ted Cruz on March 23, 2015, this was the largest presidential primary field for any political party in American history. Prior to the Iowa caucuses on February 1, 2016, Walker, Jindal and Pataki withdrew due to low polling numbers.
Despite leading many polls in Iowa, Trump came in second to Cruz, after whic
Steven Frederic Seagal is an American actor, screenwriter, martial artist, musician who holds American and Russian citizenship. Seagal was born in Michigan. A 7th-dan black belt in aikido, he began his adult life as a martial arts instructor in Japan, becoming the first foreigner to operate an aikido dojo in the country, he moved to Los Angeles, where he had the same profession. In 1988, Seagal made his acting debut in Above the Law. By 1991, he had starred in four successful films. In 1992, he played Navy SEAL counter-terrorist expert Casey Ryback in Under Siege. During the latter half of the 1990s, Seagal starred in three more feature films and the direct-to-video film The Patriot. Subsequently, his career shifted to direct-to-video productions, he has since appeared in films and reality shows, including Steven Seagal: Lawman, which depicted Seagal performing his duties as a reserve deputy sheriff. Seagal is a guitarist and has released two studio albums, Songs from the Crystal Cave and Mojo Priest, performed on the scores of several of his films.
He has worked with Stevie Tony Rebel, who both performed on his debut album. He has been involved in a line of "therapeutic oil" products and energy drinks. In addition, Seagal is a known environmentalist, animal rights activist, supporter of 14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso, he is known for his outspoken political views and support of Vladimir Putin, to whom he once referred as "one of the great living world leaders". He was granted Russian citizenship in 2016. In 2018, he was appointed Russia's special envoy to the U. S. From 1996 to 2018, multiple women accused Seagal of sexual assault. Steven Frederic Seagal was born in Lansing, Michigan, on April 10, 1952, the son of medical technician Patricia and high school mathematics teacher Samuel Seagal, his mother was of Dutch and German descent, while his father was the son of Russian Jews who had relocated to the U. S, he is said to have Mongol heritage. When he was five years old, he moved with his parents to California, his mother told People magazine that, prior to the move, Seagal was frail and suffered from asthma: "He was a puny kid back then.
But he thrived after the move." Seagal attended Buena Park High School in Buena Park and Fullerton College between 1970 and 1971. As a teen, he spent much time in his garage listening to loud rock music. However, it was while working with a friendly old Japanese man at a dojo in Garden Grove that he was encouraged to visit Japan. Seagal moved to Japan at some point between 1971 and 1973. By 1974 he had returned to California; that year he met Miyako Fujitani, a second-degree black belt and daughter of an Osaka aikido master who had come to Los Angeles to teach aikido. When Miyako returned to Osaka, Seagal went with her; the following year they married and had a son, a daughter, Ayako. He taught at the school owned by Miyako's family; as of 1990, Miyako and her brother still taught there, her mother was the chairwoman. Seagal returned to Taos, New Mexico, with his student Craig Dunn, where they opened a dojo, although Seagal spent much of his time pursuing other ventures. After another period in Japan, Seagal returned to the U.
S. in 1983 with senior student Haruo Matsuoka. They opened an aikido dojo in North Hollywood, but moved it to the city of West Hollywood. Seagal left Matsuoka in charge of the dojo, which the latter ran until the two parted ways in 1997. Seagal helped train Brazilian Mixed Martial Artist Lyoto Machida, who credited Seagal for helping him perfect the front kick that he used to knock out Randy Couture at UFC 129 in May 2011. In 1987, Seagal began work on his first film, Above the Law, with director Andrew Davis. Following its success, Seagal's subsequent movies were Hard to Kill, Marked for Death, Out for Justice, he achieved wider, mainstream success in 1992 with the release of Under Siege, which reunited Seagal with director Andrew Davis. Seagal hosted the April 20, 1991 episode of the late night variety show Saturday Night Live, which aired as the 18th episode of the 16th season. Cast member David Spade regarded Seagal as the show's worst host during Spade's time there. Spade and co-star Tim Meadows cite Seagal's humorlessness, his ill-treatment of the show's cast and writers, his refusal to do a "Hans and Franz" sketch because that skit's title characters stated that they could beat up Seagal.
Seagal was never invited back to the show following that episode. Meadows commented, "He didn't realize that you can't tell somebody they're stupid on Wednesday and expect them to continue writing for you on Saturday." The cast and crew's difficulties with Seagal were echoed on-air by producer Lorne Michaels during guest host Nicolas Cage's monologue in the September 26, 1992 Season 18 premiere. When Cage worried that he would do so poorly that the audience would regard him as "the biggest jerk who's been on the show", Michaels replied, "No, no; that would be Steven Seagal."Seagal directed and starred in On Deadly Ground, featuring Michael Caine, R. Lee Ermey, Billy Bob Thornton in minor supporting roles; the film emphasized environmental and spiritual themes, signaling a break with his previous persona as a genre-ready inner-city cop. On Deadly Ground was poorly received by critics denouncing Seagal's long environmental speech in the film. Regardless, Seagal considers it one of the most relevant moments in his career.
Slaves of New York
Slaves of New York is a 1989 comedy-drama Merchant Ivory Productions film. Directed by James Ivory and produced by Ismail Merchant, it stars Bernadette Peters, Adam Coleman Howard, Chris Sarandon, Mary Beth Hurt, Mercedes Ruehl, Madeleine Potter, Steve Buscemi. Based on the stories Slaves of New York by Tama Janowitz, the film follows the lives of struggling artists in New York City during the mid-1980s; the story follows Eleanor, an aspiring hat designer, a group of artists and models in the "downtown" New York City art world. Eleanor lives with her younger boyfriend Stash, an unknown artist, unfaithful and treats Eleanor with careless indifference. Eleanor expresses her feelings for Stash when she tells him that she was once attracted to him because he was dangerous, she stays with him despite the crumbling relationship because she has nowhere else to live—she is, in effect, a "slave." When a clothing designer, discovers her hat designs and offers to use them in a fashion show, Eleanor gains the self-respect—and money—to leave Stash.
There is an elaborate fashion show sequence. While buying food for a celebratory party, she invites him to the party. After the party and her new friend talk, ride off into the morning sunrise. Bernadette Peters as Eleanor Chris Sarandon as Victor Okrent Mary Beth Hurt as Ginger Booth Madeleine Potter as Daria Adam Coleman Howard as Stash Nick Corri as Marley Charles McCaughan as Sherman John Harkins as Chuck Dade Dolger Mercedes Ruehl as Samantha Joe Leeway as Jonny Jalouse Anna Katarina as Mooshka Michael Schoeffling as Jan Steve Buscemi as Wilfredo Tama Janowitz had written a script for Andy Warhol, based on the Eleanor and Stash stories in her 1986 collection of short stories, Slaves of New York; when Warhol died, Merchant-Ivory bought that script. The real graffiti artist from New York City named STASH, a friend of Janowitz, was the influence for the name of her lead character and can be seen as an extra in many of the party scenes; the fashion show in the movie had costumes by designer Stephen Sprouse.
In discussing casting the role of Eleanor, James Ivory commented: "...but out of 100 girls, there was not a single one with Miss Peters's originality. We wanted someone unusual and different but ingenuous and not too knowing."Slaves of New York was shot on location in New York City, in the Lower East Side, a downtown gallery and a club. Shooting started on April 1988, with a 10-week shooting schedule. There was a "modest" budget -- $5 million --. There was one read-through. There are several cameos in this film: for example, Producer Ismail Merchant, lyricist Betty Comden and Adam Green, son of her writing partner, Adolph Green, Tony-Award winning actress Tammy Grimes appear in party scenes. Slaves of New York received unfavorable reviews at the time of its release. Janet Maslin wrote that the film "...simply drifts from situation to situation" and is "never involving". Roger Ebert, who gave the movie a half-star rating, opened his review with the statement "I detest Slaves of New York so much that I distrust my own opinion."Domestic gross was $463,972, according to boxofficemojo.
Slaves of New York became a cult classic amongst the gay communities in the United States. It is notorious for a scene that features a convincing drag act performing "Love Is Like an Itching In My Heart" by The Supremes while making their way down a street in full evening gowns. "Mother Dearest"Written and performed on screen by Joe Leeway "Say Hi to Your Guy"Written and performed on screen by Johann Carlo and Michael Butler "Some Guys Have All the Luck"Written by Jeff FortgangPerformed by Maxi Priest "Tumblin' Down"Written by Ziggy Marley and Tyrone DowniePerformed by Ziggy Marley and the Melody Makers "Admit It""Love Overlap"Written by Arto Lindsay and Peter SchererPerformed by Ambitious Lovers "Buffalo Stance"Written by Neneh Cherry, Cameron McVey, Phillip Ramacon and Jamie MorganPerformed by Neneh Cherry "Girlfriend"Written by Boy George, Vlad NaslasPerformed by Boy George "Change Your Mind"Written by Camper Van BeethovenPerformed by Camper Van Beethoven "Good Life"Written by Kevin Saunderson, Paris Grey and Ray HolmanPerformed by Inner City "Fall in Love with Me"Written by Iggy Pop, David Bowie, Hunt B.
Sales and Tony SalesPerformed by Iggy Pop "Tongue Dance"Written by Catherine Ringer and Frederic ChichinPerformed by Rita Les Mitsouko "Warrior"Written by Allan Dias, Lu Edmonds, John Lydon, John McGeoch and Bruce SmithPerformed by Public Image Ltd "Am I Blue?"Written by Grant Clarke and Harry AkstPerformed by Billie Holiday "Dad, I’m In Jail"Written by David Was and Don WasPerformed by Was "The Grand Tour"Written by Carmol Taylor, George Richey and Norris WilsonPerformed by George Jones "Glück, das mir Verblieb"From Die tote Stadt by Erich Wolfgang KorngoldPerformed by Carol Neblett "Love Is Like an Itching in My Heart"Written by Brian Holland, Lamont Dozier and Eddie HollandPerformed by The Supremes "I Need a Man" Written by Annie Lennox and Dave StewartPerformed by the Eurythmics "O ruddier than the cherry"From Acis and Galatea by George Frideric HandelPerformed by John Ostendorf "Opening title" by Richard Robbins, sung by Bernadette Peters with chorus "Prélude" from Carmen by Georges Bizet "Hallelujah Chorus" from Messiah by George Frideric Handel "Kuroda-bushi" 黒田節 Merchant Ivory Production Slaves of New York at Rotten Tomatoes Slaves of New York on IMDb Slaves of New York at AllMovie
Google Books is a service from Google Inc. that searches the full text of books and magazines that Google has scanned, converted to text using optical character recognition, stored in its digital database. Books are provided either by publishers and authors, through the Google Books Partner Program, or by Google's library partners, through the Library Project. Additionally, Google has partnered with a number of magazine publishers to digitize their archives; the Publisher Program was first known as Google Print when it was introduced at the Frankfurt Book Fair in October 2004. The Google Books Library Project, which scans works in the collections of library partners and adds them to the digital inventory, was announced in December 2004; the Google Books initiative has been hailed for its potential to offer unprecedented access to what may become the largest online body of human knowledge and promoting the democratization of knowledge. However, it has been criticized for potential copyright violations, lack of editing to correct the many errors introduced into the scanned texts by the OCR process.
As of October 2015, the number of scanned book titles was over 25 million, but the scanning process has slowed down in American academic libraries. Google estimated in 2010 that there were about 130 million distinct titles in the world, stated that it intended to scan all of them. Results from Google Books show up in both the universal Google Search and in the dedicated Google Books search website. In response to search queries, Google Books allows users to view full pages from books in which the search terms appear if the book is out of copyright or if the copyright owner has given permission. If Google believes the book is still under copyright, a user sees "snippets" of text around the queried search terms. All instances of the search terms in the book text appear with a yellow highlight; the four access levels used on Google Books are: Full view: Books in the public domain are available for "full view" and can be downloaded for free. In-print books acquired through the Partner Program are available for full view if the publisher has given permission, although this is rare.
Preview: For in-print books where permission has been granted, the number of viewable pages is limited to a "preview" set by a variety of access restrictions and security measures, some based on user-tracking. The publisher can set the percentage of the book available for preview. Users are restricted from downloading or printing book previews. A watermark reading "Copyrighted material" appears at the bottom of pages. All books acquired through the Partner Program are available for preview. Snippet view: A'snippet view' – two to three lines of text surrounding the queried search term – is displayed in cases where Google does not have permission of the copyright owner to display a preview; this could be because Google can not identify the owner declined permission. If a search term appears many times in a book, Google displays no more than three snippets, thus preventing the user from viewing too much of the book. Google does not display any snippets for certain reference books, such as dictionaries, where the display of snippets can harm the market for the work.
Google maintains. No preview: Google displays search results for books that have not been digitized; as these books have not been scanned, their text is not searchable and only the metadata such as the title, publisher, number of pages, ISBN, subject and copyright information, in some cases, a table of contents and book summary is available. In effect, this is similar to an online library card catalog. In response to criticism from groups such as the American Association of Publishers and the Authors Guild, Google announced an opt-out policy in August 2005, through which copyright owners could provide a list of titles that it did not want scanned, Google would respect the request. Google stated that it would not scan any in-copyright books between August and 1 November 2005, to provide the owners with the opportunity to decide which books to exclude from the Project. Thus, Google provides a copyright owner with three choices with respect to any work: It can participate in the Partner Program to make a book available for preview or full view, in which case it would share revenue derived from the display of pages from the work in response to user queries.
It can let Google scan the book under the Library Project and display snippets in response to user queries. It can opt out of the Library Project. If the book has been scanned, Google will reset its access level as'No preview'. Most scanned works are commercially available. In addition to procuring books from libraries, Google obtains books from its publisher partners, through the "Partner Program" – designed to help publishers and authors promote their books. Publishers and authors submit either a digital copy of their book in EPUB or PDF format, or a print copy to Google, made available on Google Books for preview; the publisher can control the percentage of the book available for preview, with the minimum being 20%. They can choose to make the book viewable, allow users to download a PDF copy. Books can be made available for sale on Google Play. Unlike the Library Project, this does not raise any copyright concerns as it is conducted pursuant to an agreement with the publisher; the publisher can choose to withdraw from the agreement at any time.
For many books, Google Books displays the original page numbers. However, Tim Pa
John F. Kennedy Jr.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Jr. referred to as JFK Jr. or John John, was an American lawyer and magazine publisher. He was a son of President John F. Kennedy and First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy, a younger brother of former Ambassador to Japan Caroline Kennedy, his father was assassinated three days before his third birthday. From his early childhood years at the White House, Kennedy was the subject of great media scrutiny, he became a popular social figure in Manhattan. Trained as a lawyer, Kennedy worked as a New York City Assistant District Attorney for four years. In 1995, he launched George magazine, using his celebrity status to publicize it. Kennedy died in a plane crash in 1999. John Fitzgerald Kennedy Jr. was born at MedStar Georgetown University Hospital on November 25, 1960, two weeks after his father was elected president. His parents had a stillborn daughter named Arabella four years before John Jr.'s birth. John Jr. had an older sister, a younger brother, who died two days after his premature birth in 1963.
His putative nickname, "John-John", came from a reporter who misheard JFK calling him "John" twice in quick succession. John Jr. lived in the White House during the first three years of his life and remained in the public spotlight up until his death. His father was assassinated on November 22, 1963, the state funeral was held three days on John Jr.'s third birthday. In a moment that became an iconic image of the 1960s, John Jr. stepped forward and rendered a final salute as his father's flag-draped casket was carried out from St. Matthew's Cathedral; the family continued with their plans for a birthday party to demonstrate that the Kennedys would go on despite the death of the president. Kennedy attended private schools in Manhattan, starting at Saint David's School and moving to Collegiate School, which he attended from third through tenth grade, he completed high school at Massachusetts. After graduating, he went to Brown University. There, he co-founded a student discussion group that focused on contemporary issues such as apartheid in South Africa, gun control, civil rights.
Visiting South Africa during a summer break, he was appalled by apartheid, arranged for U. N. Ambassador Andrew Young to speak about the topic at Brown. By his junior year at Brown, he had moved off campus to live with several other students in a shared house, spent time at Xenon, a club owned by Howard Stein. Kennedy was initiated into Phi Psi, a local social fraternity, the Rhode Island Alpha Chapter of national Phi Kappa Psi fraternity until 1978, he graduated in 1983 with a bachelor's degree in American studies, took a break, traveling to India and spending some time at the University of Delhi, where he met Mother Teresa. He worked with some of the Kennedy special interest projects, including the East Harlem School at Exodus House and Reaching Up. After President Kennedy was assassinated in 1963, Jacqueline Kennedy moved her family, after brief residency in Georgetown area of Washington, to a luxury apartment on the Upper East Side of Manhattan in New York City, where Kennedy Jr. grew up.
In 1967, his mother took him and Caroline on a six-week "sentimental journey" to Ireland, where they met President Éamon de Valera and visited the Kennedy ancestral home in Dunganstown. After his uncle Robert was assassinated in 1968, his mother took him and his sister out of the United States, saying: "If they're killing Kennedys my children are targets... I want to get out of this country." The same year, she married Greek shipping tycoon Aristotle Onassis, the family went to live on his private island of Skorpios. Kennedy is said to have considered his stepfather "a joke". In 1971, Kennedy returned to the White House with his mother and sister for the first time since the assassination. President Richard Nixon's daughters gave Kennedy a tour that included his old bedroom, Nixon showed him the Resolute desk under which his father had let him play; when Onassis died in 1975, he left Kennedy $25,000, though Jacqueline was able to renegotiate the will, acquired $20 million for herself and her children.
In 1976, Kennedy and his cousin visited an earthquake disaster zone at Rabinal in Guatemala, helping with heavy building work and distributing food. The local priest said that they "ate what the people of Rabinal ate and dressed in Guatemalan clothes and slept in tents like most of the earthquake victims", adding that the two "did more for their country's image" in Guatemala "than a roomful of ambassadors". On his sixteenth birthday, Kennedy's Secret Service protection ended and he spent the summer of 1978 working as a wrangler in Wyoming. Before attending Brown University, Kennedy accompanied his mother to Africa. On a pioneering course, he rescued his group, which had gotten lost for two days without food or water, won points for leadership. In 1979, the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum was dedicated, Kennedy made his first major speech, reciting Stephen Spender's poem "I Think Continually of Those Who Were Truly Great". After the 1984 Democratic Convention in San Francisco, Kennedy returned to New York and earned $20,000 a year in a position at the Office of Business Development, where his boss reflected that he worked "in the same crummy cubbyhole as everybody else.
I heaped on the work and was always pleased." From 1984 to 1986, he worked for the New York City Office of Business Development and served as deputy director of the 42nd Street Development Corporation in 1986, conducting negotiations with developers and city agencies. In 1988, he became a summer associate at Manatt, Rothenberg & Phillips, a Los Angeles la