Spytko II of Melsztyn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Spytek of Melsztyn
Duke of Podolia [1]
Spytek z Melsztyna († 1399).png
Spytek of Melsztyn in: Genealogical tree families: Tarnowski, Melsztyński and Jarosławski by Augustinus Thille, Wojciech Kazimierz Jastrzębski; reprint Adam Piliński.
Coat of arms Leliwa
Hereditary feudal duchy [4][5][6] June 13, 1395 - August 12, 1399 [2][3]
Predecessor Fyodor Koriatovych
Successor Skirgaila
Born c. 1364
Died August 12, 1399
Battle of the Vorskla River
Noble family Tarnowski
Consort Elizabeth Lackfi
Father Jan of Melsztyn
Mother Zofia of Książ

Spytek of Melsztyn (Polish: Spytek z Melsztyna or Spytko Melsztyński) was a Polish nobleman (szlachcic).

Spytek was owner of Melsztyn estates, he served as Court Marshal since 1373, voivode of Kraków Voivodeship since 1381, starosta of Biec since 1383 and Kraków since 1390.

He initiated the marriage of Queen Jadwiga of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania - to become king of Poland - Władysław II Jagiełło.[7] In 1391–1396 Spytek reclaimed the Land of Wieluń [8] and Orzeszków from Prince Władysław Opolczyk. In June 13, 1395 the King gave Spytek a part of Podolia as fief, Queen Jadwiga confirmed this in July 10, 1395.[9] During the brief period when he was Duke of Podolia, he succeeded lead to the resignation Fyodor Koriatovych of the rights to Podolia and with Queen and King negotiated with the Hungarian Sigismund the border issue; and with the Bishop of Vilnius tried to prevent the secession of Lithuania from Polish–Lithuanian union, after acclamation by Vytautas the King of Lithuania in October 12, 1398. As Duke of Podolia also took part in the expedition against the Golden Horde, which ended the Battle of the Vorskla River.[10][11]

He was married to Elizabeth Lackfi and had four children: Jadwiga of Melsztyn, Dorota of Melsztyn, Katarzyna of Melsztyn and Spytek of Melsztyn and Jan of Melsztyn († 1429).[12][13]

Spytek died in fight with Tatars in the Battle of the Vorskla River; in the battle he had to show courage when the Lithuanian army, under the command of Vytautas, escaped.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wielka encyklopedia PWN", Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warsaw, 2004, vol. 25 (Sg-Starmach), p. 474.
  2. ^ "Wielka encyklopedia PWN", Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warsaw, 2004, vol. 25 (Sg-Starmach), str. 474.
  3. ^ "Polski Słownik Biograficzny", publisher: Polska Akademia Nauk, Instytut Historii, printing house: Zakład Narodowy im Ossolińskich, vol. XX (Maria Józefa-Mieroszewski Krzysztof), Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk, 1975, pp. 412-415 (biographical note), p. 414 (about the reign of Podolia)
  4. ^ "Wielka encyklopedia PWN", Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warsaw, 2004, vol. 25 (Sg-Starmach), p. 474.
  5. ^ "Wielka encyklopedia PWN", Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warsaw, 2004, vol. 25 (Sg-Starmach), str. 474.
  6. ^ "Polski Słownik Biograficzny", publisher: Polska Akademia Nauk, Instytut Historii, printing house: Zakład Narodowy im Ossolińskich, vol. XX (Maria Józefa-Mieroszewski Krzysztof), Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk, 1975, pp. 412-415 (biographical note), p. 414 (about the reign of Podolia)
  7. ^ "Polski Słownik Biograficzny", publisher: Polska Akademia Nauk, Instytut Historii, printing house: Zakład Narodowy im Ossolińskich, vol. XX (Maria Józefa-Mieroszewski Krzysztof), Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk, 1975, pp. 412-415 (biographical note), p. 413.
  8. ^ During the war he commanded getting a series of cities, among others: Olsztyn, Krzepice, he commanded attack on Land of Opole, getting cities Gorzów Śląski, Olesno, Lubliniec. Forced to capitulate nephews Vladislaus II of Opole. Also took part in the attack on Strzelce Opolskie, and also participated in the negotiations; - "Polski Słownik Biograficzny", publisher: Polska Akademia Nauk, Instytut Historii, printing house: Zakład Narodowy im Ossolińskich, vol. XX (Maria Józefa-Mieroszewski Krzysztof), Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk, 1975, pp. 412-415 (biographical note), p. 413-414.
  9. ^ Until the death of Hedwig in 1399 she was the King of Poland, and Jagiello was Prince consort with the right to use the title of the King. Even though he to a large extent ruled in the name of Hedwig.
  10. ^ "Polski Słownik Biograficzny", publisher: Polska Akademia Nauk, Instytut Historii, printing house: Zakład Narodowy im Ossolińskich, vol. XX (Maria Józefa-Mieroszewski Krzysztof), Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk, 1975, pp. 412-415 (biographical note), p. 414.
  11. ^ He infrequently used the title Duke of Podolia, because he was also a royal official, and such combining positions, was badly perceived. He usually signed letters: The Lord and successor Duchy of Podolia and Land of Samobor; voivode, and starost of Krakow. In Polish: "Pan i dziedzic ksiestwa podolskiego i ziemi samoborskiej, wojewoda i starosta krakowski", - "Polski Słownik Biograficzny", publisher: Polska Akademia Nauk, Instytut Historii, printing house: Zakład Narodowy im Ossolińskich, vol. XX (Maria Józefa-Mieroszewski Krzysztof), Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk, 1975, pp. 412-415 (biographical note), p. 414.
  12. ^ "Wielka encyklopedia PWN", Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warsaw, 2004, vol. 25 (Sg-Starmach), str. 474.
  13. ^ "Polski Słownik Biograficzny", publisher: Polska Akademia Nauk, Instytut Historii, printing house: Zakład Narodowy im Ossolińskich, vol. XX (Maria Józefa-Mieroszewski Krzysztof), Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk, 1975, pp. 412-415 (biographical note), p. 414-415.
  14. ^ "Polski Słownik Biograficzny", publisher: Polska Akademia Nauk, Instytut Historii, printing house: Zakład Narodowy im Ossolińskich, vol. XX (Maria Józefa-Mieroszewski Krzysztof), Wrocław-Warszawa-Kraków-Gdańsk, 1975, pp. 412-415 (biographical note), p. 414.