St Andrew's Cathedral, Patras
St Andrew's Cathedral or Cathedral Church of Saint Andrew is a Greek Orthodox basilica in the west side of the city center of Patras in Greece. Along with the nearby old church of St. Andrew, it constitutes a place of pilgrimage for Christians from all over the world, it is dedicated to the First-called Apostle of Saint Andrew. Construction of the Greek Byzantine-style church began in 1908 under the supervision of the architect Anastasios Metaxas, followed by Georgios Nomikos, it was inaugurated 66 years in 1974. According to University of Patras professor Ch. Apostolopoulos who has extensively studied the church building, the church has a surface area of 1,900 m2 on the ground floor and additionally 700 m2 on the first level; the church has length ~ 60 m, width has a capacity of 7,000 people. Other sources give similar numbers for the size of the surface area, it is the largest church in Greece and the fourth largest Byzantine-style church in the Balkans, after the Romanian People's Salvation Cathedral in Bucharest, the Cathedral of Saint Sava in Belgrade and Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Sofia.
Over the central dome there is a 5-meter-long, gold-plated cross and over the other domes, there are 12 smaller crosses. These crosses His apostles; the interior of the church is decorated with Byzantine-style wall mosaics. Relics of the apostle Saint Andrew are stored in the church, they consist of the small finger, part of the top of the cranium of the Apostle, small portions of the cross on which he was martyred, all kept in a special shrine. The holy skull of the Apostle was sent there from St. Peter's Basilica, Rome in September 1964, on the orders of Pope Paul VI. Cardinal Bea led the party of 15 cardinals that presented the relic to Bishop Constantine of Patras on 24 September 1964. Thousands of people and many Greek Orthodox bishops participated in the reception ceremony of the skull. After a procession through the streets of the city, the skull was placed in a special silver miter inside the church; the cross of St. Andrew was taken from Greece during the Crusades by the Duke of Burgundy.
Parts of the cross were kept since Middle Ages in the church of St. Victor in Marseilles, they were returned to Patras on 19 January 1980. The cross of the apostle was presented to the Bishop of Patras Nicodemus by the Roman Catholic delegation led by Cardinal Roger Etchegaray. Saint Andrew Apollon Theatre Archaeological Museum of Patras Rio-Antirio bridge List of large Orthodox cathedrals Μ.Λεφαντζής, «Ο μεγάλος ναοδόμος Γεώργιος Νομικός», Περιοδικό Αρχιτέκτονες, Τεύχος 39, Μάιος-Ιούνιος 2003 Χ. Αποστολόπουλος, «Ιστορικά Στοιχεία από την Ανέγερση-Βλάβες στη Δομή του Νέου Ναού του Αγίου Ανδρέα Πατρών», 3ο Εθνικό Συνέδριο, Ήπιες Επεμβάσεις για την Προστασία των Ιστορικών Κατασκευών, Νέες Τάσεις Σχεδιασμού, 9-11 Απριλίου 2009 Θεσσαλονίκη, σελ. 441-450. Κώστας Τριαντάφυλλου. «0 νέος μεγάλος ναός στην Πάτρα του Πολιούχου της Αγίου Ανδρέα», Πελοποννησιακή Πρωτοχρονιά 306-3 Official municipal website The astonishing missionary journeys of the apostle Andrew Holy Metropolis of Patras Website
St. Andrew's United Church
St. Andrew's United Church is an historic congregation of the United Church of Canada in Toronto, Canada. Located in the city's downtown core near the intersection of Yonge and Bloor it is a combination of five other downtown Toronto congregations; the church originated from St. Andrew's Church, founded in 1830 as the first Church of Scotland congregation in what was the town of York; the original St. Andrew's was located at the corner of Church Streets. By the 1870s it had become clear; the downtown core had moved westward, most of the congregation wanted to shift in that direction as well, but a minority staunchly opposed the idea. With the congregation thus split, the majority moved to a new structure at King and Simcoe in 1876 that still exists today as St. Andrew's Church; the smaller part of the congregation stayed in the eastern part of town and became known as "Old St. Andrew's" and this church gave rise to the current St. Andrew's United. In 1878 the Old St. Andrew's congregation built a new church at the corner of Jarvis and Carlton Streets.
With the formation of the United Church of Canada in 1925 Old St. Andrew's elected to join the new union, while St. Andrew's on King remained Presbyterian. Over the next decades the number of United Church supporters in the downtown area decreased and a number of congregations were consolidated. St. Andrew's is today the descendant of four other congregations. Westminster-Central United merged with St. Andrew's in 1950; the name was established as St. Andrew's, but the congregation left the Church Street building and moved to the location of Westminster-Central, on Bloor near Yonge; the Church Street building was sold to two Baltic Lutheran congregations, which were quickly increasing in number in Toronto. They continue to operate as St. Andrew's Evangelical Lutheran Church. Westminster-Central was itself the combination of three historic Toronto churches. Westminster Presbyterian was the first established on the site in 1891, it merged with Grosvenor Street Presbyterian in 1921 when the latter church's building was demolished as part of a plan to extend Bay Street.
When the United Church was formed, Westminster merged with Central Methodist Church, located just across the street. This created Westminster-Central, which continued until the merger with St. Andrew's in 1950; the final merger was with Yonge Street United Church in 1973, located at Yonge and Summerhill, but was destroyed by fire in May 1971. The Westminster building, the home of St. Andrew's after 1950 had been built in 1923, after the original 1891 structure on the site was destroyed by fire in 1920. In the mid-1970s great debate arose in the congregation about the state of the church, it was low on funds. After considerable discussion it was decided to demolish the old church, build an office tower above, relocate the congregation to the lower level of the new complex; the redevelopment was completed in 1981, although the design of the final project had changed considerably. The existing church at 117 Bloor Street East is a separate building facing Bloor St. and is set back into the urban courtyard, St. Andrew's Square.
It is adjacent to 121 Bloor St. East. A portion of the old church was retained by the city of Toronto and is now located further south on Yonge Street marking the entrance to McGill Street. Several other United Churches chose the same path in this period such as College Street United Church and Parkdale United Church; the past buildings that housed St. Andrew's and the other congregations that have merged to create it: List of United Church of Canada churches in Toronto "There’s a stone archway on the east side of Yonge, north of Gerrard" Toronto Life. Official website
St Andrews Uniting Church, Bundaberg
St Andrews Uniting Church is a heritage-listed church at the corner of Maryborough and Woongarra Streets, Bundaberg Central, Bundaberg Region, Australia. It was designed by Lange Leopold Powell and built from 1931 to c. 1940. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 3 August 2004. St Andrews Uniting Church, Bundaberg was erected in 1932 as St Andrew's Presbyterian Church and replaced an earlier Presbyterian church erected on the site in 1882; the land had been purchased in 1881 and was held in trust by three senior members of the congregation on behalf of the Presbyterian Church in Bundaberg. The 1932 church was built with funds generated by the Bundaberg Presbyterian community. In 1925, the Bundaberg Presbyterian Women's Guild opened a New Church Fund and over the next six years worked with other Church organizations including the Committee of Management and the Girls Auxiliary to raise £3,500. Additional fund raising generated another £2,000 over a six-month period in 1931; the final funds were obtained through a loan of £3,500 through the Grand Trustees of the Protestant Alliance Friendly Society.
The ability of the Presbyterian congregation of Bundaberg to raise such large sums highlights the relative prosperity of the district's sugar industry during the 1920s, sustained into the 1930s. However, construction of the church in the early 1930s was a local work-generating scheme during a time of economic depression; the Church adopted a deliberate policy to ensure that funds for the construction of the church were spent on local labour and materials. Prominent Brisbane architect Lange L. Powell designed St Andrew's Presbyterian Church. Powell had designed a number of important structures in Queensland including the Brisbane Masonic Temple and was regarded by the time he designed St Andrew's. Powell described St Andrew's as being designed in "broad free gothic style, reminiscent of the Fourteenth Century", moderated to allow for the sub-tropical climate. All the windows in the bays could be opened and the eaves were carried clear of the main supports to ensure adequate circulation of air.
The design and orientation of the church was developed to maximize the location and setting. On a corner block directly across the road from Buss Park and the Anglican Church, Powell orientated the Church along Maryborough Street rather than facing it; this maximized the view of the lateral facade and ensured that the tower on the eastern side dominated. The design was well received by the community and local headlines on the day on which the Church was dedicated read "Latest Addition to Bundaberg Architecture"; the local press emphasized that Powell had spent some of his childhood in Bundaberg while his father had served as the town's Methodist Minister. The Queensland Moderator of the Presbyterian Church set the foundationstone during St Andrew's golden jubilee celebrations on 24 October 1931. Powell supervised the construction of the church, undertaken by building contractor Cornelius Johannes Vandenberg; the Church was opened and dedicated on 3 September 1932. The total cost was reported as more than £12,000.
Lange Powell designed some of the furniture for the Church and a drive was launched to obtain sponsors for the various pieces and fittings. Many of the internal furnishings were made from silky oak; the three rows of seats on the dais were designed for comfort and a number of variations were considered before the final version was selected. There are two elaborately carved chairs, one for the Moderator at Communion Services, the other at the pulpit; the communion table and the pulpit itself were of elaborate design and included panels that bore carved emblems of the Presbyterian Church. The baptismal font had been gifted to the community and was transferred from the 1882 church; the carillon tower was dedicated as a memorial to those members of St Andrew's community who died during the First World War. Such memorials were an important feature of the interwar era as communities came to terms with the loss of significant numbers of young men; this loss was compounded at which to commemorate. The Tower contains a "Peal of Bells".
The tower bells were manufactured by John Taylor & Co in Loughborough and were donated by Miss Amy Ethel Maud Peirson in memory of deceased members of her family. At the time of its construction St Andrew's reputedly was the first Presbyterian Church in Australia, one of only seven Presbyterian Churches in the world, to have a carillon, it was believed to be the first Presbyterian Church in Australia to have a bell that bore the Presbyterian symbol of the burning bush. The bells have since become a local feature and their ring can be heard throughout the central business district and surrounding suburbs. In the early 1970s the congregation of St Andrew's Presbyterian Church at Bundaberg considered whether to join the Union of Churches, to become the Uniting Church in Australia. After some debate, the majority of parishioners voted in favour of the proposal, with the official Church Union taking place in 1977. A contingent of the congregation voted to continue as Presbyterian. Lacking sufficient numbers to retain St Andrew's, they relocated to a smaller former Methodist Church.
In 2004, the church was sold to the Seventh Day Adventist Church. St Andrew's Uniting Church at Bundaberg is a substantial brick church located in the heart of the city, at the corner of Maryborough and Woongarra Streets, opposite Buss Park. Designed in the Gothic style, the body of the church is cruciform in shape and is positioned north-south such that the sanct
Hang Hau is a residential area in Tseung Kwan O, Sai Kung, New Territories, Hong Kong. It is located at the eastern edge of the Tseung Kwan O New Town. Most of the land was reclaimed from Shui Bin Village; the earliest history referring to Hang Hau was in the 19th century. It was fishing village. Hang Hau got its name from a large water channel near Mang Kung Uk. In days gone by, Hang Hau was on the sea front. Many of the village names in Hang Hau reflect this – Shui Bin Village means Waterside Village, for example. On 2 October 1957, Hang Hau Rural Committee was established; the rural committee was to serve the indigenous inhabitants in Hang Hau Village, Shui Bin Village, Tin Ha Wan Village, Yau Yue Wan Village, Tseng Lan Shue, Tai Po Tsai, Mang Kung Uk and Po Toi O. Between the 1960s and 1980s, Hang Hau was a large ship scrapyard area. Since there was a ferry from Junk Bay to Island East Hong Kong, Hong Kong Oxygen Company started building factories in Hang Hau. Manufacturing business and trading services were established.
Long before the development of Tseung Kwan O New Town, Hang Hau was near settlements such as Hang Hau Village, Boon Kin Village and Tin Ha Wan Village. Most of the Villages were relocated at the current site near the Tseung Kwan O Hospital, which were moved after the new town's development. Now, about two-thirds of Hang Hau is on reclaimed land, the sea is far away. There has been a proposal to build Hang Hau New Town, it was considered because it is near the urban area, but it was put aside owing to the high cost of reclaiming the deep Junk Bay. Indigenous three storey village houses still can be found in the eastern edge of Hang Hau. Nowadays, Hang Hau is built-out with private and public estates owing to the development of Tseung Kwan O New Town. Boon Kin Village Hang Hau Village Shui Bin Village Tin Ha Wan Village Chung Ming Court Hin Ming Court Wo Ming Court Yu Ming Court Yuk Ming Court Fu Ning Garden Jolly Place On Ning Garden Hau Tak Estate Ming Tak Estate East Point City Maritime Bay Residence Oasis La Cite Noble Nan Fung Plaza Po Ning Road General Outpatient Clinic Sai Kung Tseung Kwan O Government Complex Tseung Kwan O Hospital Hang Hau Sports Centre Hang Hau Man Kuk Lane Park Tseung Kwan O Sports Ground East Point City TKO Gateway Nan Fung Plaza The Lane Hang Hau Tin Hau Temple St Andrew's Church Assembly of God Leung Sing Tak Primary School PLK Fung Ching Memorial Primary School Tseung Kwan O Government Primary School Yan Chai Hospital Chan Iu Seng Primary School Catholic Ming Yuen Secondary School H.
K. M. L. C. Queen Maud Secondary School PLK Ho Yuk Ching College Hang Hau MTR Station Tseung Kwan O Tseung Kwan O New Town Sai Kung District
St Andrew's Church, Stratton
St Andrew's Church is a Grade I listed church in Stratton, Cornwall. It is located along the main road in Stratton; the font is dated to the north aisle to the mid 14th. The tower and chancel date to the 15th century; the church was restored in 1888 by St Wadling. It became a Grade I listed building on 5 March 1952; the oldest part of the structure is the mid-fourteenth century north aisle, with the south aisle and tower having been added in the fifteenth century. The font precedes these; the vestry was added in the late nineteenth century and the church was restored and rebuilt by James Piers St Aubyn and Henry J. Wadling in 1888; the north aisle is constructed of rubble stone, the chancel, south aisle and tower is built of ashlar masonry and the south arcade is built of granite. The church is built in Perpendicular style except for the north arcade, built in Decorated style; the porch has granite coping and kneelers, the moulded, arched granite outer doorway is set under a sundial in the gable.
Apart from the arcade, the interior walls are plastered. The roof is original and is of the open waggon type with carved ribs and bosses; the bowl of the font is twelfth century and it stands on a nineteenth century base. The seventeenth century pulpit is five-sided, on a wineglass type stand. On the south side there is a stair to a former rood loft, the rood screen dates to 1901. There are some good windows in the north aisle and tower
St Andrew's Church, Brussels
St Andrew's Church in Brussels is a congregation in membership of both the Church of Scotland and the United Protestant Church in Belgium Services are conducted in English. The congregation's mission statement is "We aspire to follow Jesus in bringing the knowledge of God's love to all". In 1830, a Presbyterian Scots Kirk was founded in Belgium and the Reverend Charles Siveright was the first minister; however after the Belgian revolution, there are no further written records of this church. In 1898, The Reverend Francis Gordon was sent to Belgium and conducted Presbyterian church services in various locations in Brussels; this arrangement with services in different places continued for 27 years. The Reverend George R. S. Reid took over from Gordon as minister in 1899 and 150 people attended a Congregational meeting that year. In 1900, the first Elders were ordained; the Kirk Session set up and a special fund created to raise money for building a church. In 1900 the Brussels congregation was included in the Church of Scotland Presbytery of Edinburgh.
As of 2016 it is part of the Church of Scotland's International Presbytery. The present church buildings were built in 1925 as a memorial to the Scottish soldiers who had died in Belgium during World War I and can seat 200; the area surrounding the church is notable for its distinctive early 20th century Art Nouveau houses, notably the nearby home of the architect Victor Horta. The once small congregation has grown in recent years as a result of the UK’s accession to the Common Market in 1973 and the location of numerous international organisations in Brussels, including the European Union and NATO; the congregation in 2013 was multinational, with more than 30 different nationalities represented. The largest numbers of people came from the Ghana; as of 2014, the minister is the Reverend Dr Andrew Gardner BSc PhD BD of Flowerhill Parish Church, Lanarkshire, Scotland. International Presbytery List of Church of Scotland parishes List of churches in Brussels Conference of European Churches Official website Church of Scotland Presbytery of Europe Protestantism in Belgium
St Andrew's Church, Brighton
St Andrew's Brighton is the oldest continuous Anglican church in Victoria, Australia. St Andrew's is the Anglican parish church of the beachside suburb of Melbourne. Opened on St Andrew's Day in 1842, St Andrew's was one of the earliest Christian churches established in the Port Phillip District and predates both the Anglican Diocese of Melbourne and the colony, now state, of Victoria. Located in a large historic precinct in Middle Brighton, including a rare pre-gold rush graveyard, St Andrew's is one of Australia's most notable churches, known for its liturgical and musical tradition since the mid 19th century; the present building, opened in 1962, was designed by the noted Australian architect Louis Williams to become the cathedral for the proposed Diocese of the Mornington Peninsula following the planned division of the Diocese of Melbourne. Although the Melbourne diocese remained intact, St Andrew's was completed to be one of the largest church buildings in Australia. St Andrew's Brighton maintains close and historic ties with both Brighton Grammar School and Firbank Grammar School.
Set amidst an extensive landscaped historic precinct 500 metres from the Brighton beach, the land of St Andrew's Brighton is on the eastern side of New Street in Middle Brighton. The church lent its name to the other property boundaries to the south and east: Church Street and St Andrews Street. To the north, St Andrew's grounds border Brighton Grammar School, as in the 1920s the school received in trust five acres of the original ten acres of land granted to the church in 1841; the main church car parking area is entered from New Street, to the north of the corner of Church and New Streets. In 1840, the first recorded church services at Waterville, as the Brighton area was known, were held in a tent. In May 1841, ten acres of land were set aside as a Church of England Reserve in the "Brighton Estate" planned by Henry Dendy and Jonathan Binns Were; this "Church Reserve" site was located in the planned small township of fashionable crescents, between the outer crescent and desirable allotments that ran to Port Phillip Bay.
In 1842, the first St Andrew's Church building was opened on 30 November. As the day of the opening of the first church building was dedicated to Saint Andrew in the church calendar, the parish was named St Andrew's. Although St Andrew's Brighton was the second Anglican church established in the Port Phillip District, following the elevation of St James’ Church, Melbourne to Cathedral status in 1848 and the subsequent closure of the St James’ Old Cathedral building in 1912 and the consequent removal of the building to new land in West Melbourne in 1913-1914, St Andrew's Brighton has the longest continuous history of any Anglican church in Victoria; the Revd Adam Compton Thomson, the only Anglican priest in the Port Phillip District at the time, opened the first building and was the first to minister to the Brighton congregation. On 24 October 1843, the two-acre St Andrew's Graveyard, established to the north-east of the first building, was consecrated by Bishop William Grant Broughton, the first and only Bishop of Australia.
The graveyard was the first portion of the existing church land to be used for religious purposes and is a rare surviving example in Victoria of a pre-gold rush graveyard. The first burial took place the following year, well before the opening of the Brighton General Cemetery in 1855, St Andrew's Cemetery was the major burial ground for the district. More than 300 burials took place before 1860, the graves of many district pioneers are located in the graveyard. After over 100 years of interments, the last burial took place in 1948. However, the adjoining garden of remembrance, established in 1953, remains in use. Melbourne's oldest churchyard cemetery, the St Andrew's Graveyard is one of only four remaining churchyard cemeteries in Melbourne. Opened on St Andrew's Day, 30 November 1842, this small stone building, erected to the south of the present site in 1842 as No. 1 St Andrews Street, was used as a church and school. However, the north-western extension of Church Street, from St Andrews Street to the junction with New Street, isolated the southern portion of the "Church Reserve" from the main site soon after construction.
This southern portion was not conveyed to the church in 1843 and other development took place on that land. The building seated 100 people, about 20% of the local population of 500, was one of the first church buildings in the south-eastern mainland of the Diocese of Australia. In 1843, it was recorded that 75 pupils were enrolled at the newly established St Andrew's School, opened as School No. 44 in 1849 by Church of England authorities. On 29 August 1850, The Right Reverend Charles Perry, Bishop of Melbourne, laid the foundation stone for a rectangular ironstone church, designed by architect, Melbourne city surveyor and St Andrew's parishioner, Charles Laing; this building was erected to the north-west of the St Andrew's Graveyard, featured plastered brick reveals and trims, was Gothic Revival in style and included a tower, never built in the scheme. Seating 250 people, it was opened on 12 October 1851 by The Revd William Brickwood, Vicar from 1849 to 1853. In the late 1920s, the present Vicarage was built on the site of this second church building.
By 1857, the congregation had outgrown the second church building. The parishioner, Brighton resident and prolific Melbourne architect Charles Webb, his partner Thomas Taylor, were commissioned to design a new bluestone church, school house and vicarage. "King Webb" desig