Robert Hepler Lowe is an American actor and director. He is the recipient of two Screen Actors Guild Awards and has been nominated for six Golden Globes Awards and a Primetime Emmy Award. Lowe made his acting debut at the age of 15 with ABC's short-lived sitcom A New Kind of Family. Following numerous television roles in the early 1980s, he came to prominence as a teen idol and member of the Brat Pack with roles in films like The Outsiders, The Hotel New Hampshire, Oxford Blues, St. Elmo's Fire, About Last Night... and Square Dance. The success of these films established him as a Hollywood star. Following a 1988 sex tape scandal and a reviled opening performance at the 1989 Academy Awards, Lowe's public image and film career declined. By the turn of the millennium, his career saw a resurgence when he ventured back into television, making his breakthrough as Sam Seaborn on the NBC political drama The West Wing, for which he received nominations for a Primetime Emmy Award and two Golden Globe Awards.
His other television roles include Robert McCallister on the ABC drama Brothers & Sisters, Chris Traeger on the NBC sitcom Parks and Recreation, Dr. Ethan Willis on the CBS medical drama Code Black, the A&E reality series The Lowe Files, in which he appears with his two sons and John Owen. In 2018, he made his directorial debut with the television film The Bad Seed, a remake of the 1956 film of the same name; the film received mixed reviews. Lowe was born in Charlottesville, Virginia, to Barbara Lynn, a schoolteacher and native of Connecticut, Charles Davis Lowe, a trial lawyer, his parents divorced when his younger brother Chad were young. Lowe was baptized into the Episcopal church, he is of German, Irish and Welsh ancestry. On the show Who Do You Think You Are?, Lowe found out that one of his ancestors, Christopher East, was a Hessian soldier. His ancestor was fighting under the command of Colonel Johann Gottlieb Rall and was captured at the American victory at Trenton, New Jersey, on the morning of December 26, 1776.
As an American POW, his ancestor was given a choice, took the option to stay in the United States. Lowe was raised in a "traditional American setting" in Dayton, attending Oakwood Junior High School, before moving to the Point Dume area of Malibu, with his mother and brother. In California, he attended Santa Monica High School. In his autobiography Stories I Only Tell My Friends, he wrote regarding Sheen, "We were both nerds he wanted to be a baseball player." One of Lowe's earliest roles came in the 1983 TV film Thursday's Child, for which he received his first Golden Globe Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor in a Series, Miniseries, or Television Film. He appeared in the music video for The Go-Go's song, "Turn to You." His breakthrough role was his big screen debut in 1983, when he and Emilio Estevez were cast in Francis Ford Coppola's The Outsiders. Lowe played the role of Sodapop Curtis, the brother of the main character Ponyboy Curtis and Darrel Curtis. Lowe and Estevez reunited in St. Elmo's Fire, making them the two more prominent actors from the group known as the Brat Pack.
About Last Night... followed, with Demi Moore. He received his second Golden Globe Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor for his role as the mentally disabled Rory in Square Dance. In August 1987 he performed on stage, playing Baron Tusenbach in Chekov's The Three Sisters at The Williamstown Theatre Festival, he recalled meeting Paul Newman there, that the older actor encouraged him to work in the theatre in 1993 when filming a British TV production of the Tennessee Williams play Suddenly, Last Summer with Dame Maggie Smith and Natasha Richardson. Lowe is well known for playing Sam Seaborn in the television series The West Wing from 1999 - 2003, his performance in the show garnered Lowe a Primetime Emmy Award nomination and two Golden Globe Award nominations for Best Actor in a Drama Series. Lowe was drawn to the role because of his personal love of politics, his longstanding personal relationship with Martin Sheen, cast as President Bartlet; when the show premiered, Seaborn was considered the lead, the pilot centered on the character.
But the acclaimed cast of the show—including Allison Janney, Richard Schiff, Dulé Hill, John Spencer, Bradley Whitford, Martin Sheen and Stockard Channing — were all strong actors and Lowe's character was no longer the lead. Lowe and series creator Aaron Sorkin soon found themselves at odds over the network's meddling with the show, most notably the network demanding changes in the Sam Seaborn character. Lowe left the series, not long before Sorkin and director/executive producer Thomas Schlamme unceremoniously quit over a dispute with NBC. During the final season of The West Wing, Lowe returned to his role of Sam Seaborn, appearing in two of the final four episodes. In 2011, Lowe appeared on The Oprah Winfrey Show and stated that he left the show because he did not feel he was being respected, when the other lead characters received a raise and he did not. After leaving the show, Lowe was the star and executive producer of a failed NBC drama, The Lyon's Den. In 2004, he tried again in a series entitled Dr. Vegas, but it was cancelled.
In 2005, he starred as Lieutenant Daniel Kaffee in a London West End production of Sorkin's play A Few Good Men, the first time the two
Columbia Pictures Industries, Inc. is an American film studio, production company and film distributor, a member of the Sony Pictures Motion Picture Group, a division of Sony Entertainment's Sony Pictures subsidiary of the Japanese multinational conglomerate Sony Corporation. What would become Columbia Pictures, CBC Film Sales Corporation, was founded on June 19, 1918 by Harry Cohn, his brother Jack Cohn, Joe Brandt, it went public two years later. In its early years, it was a minor player in Hollywood, but began to grow in the late 1920s, spurred by a successful association with director Frank Capra. With Capra and others, Columbia became one of the primary homes of the screwball comedy. In the 1930s, Columbia's major contract stars were Cary Grant. In the 1940s, Rita Hayworth became the studio's premier star and propelled their fortunes into the late 1950s. Rosalind Russell, Glenn Ford, William Holden became major stars at the studio, it is one of the leading film studios in the world and is a member of the "Big Five" major American film studios.
It was one of the so-called "Little Three" among the eight major film studios of Hollywood's Golden Age. Today, it has become the world's fifth largest major film studio; the studio was founded on June 19, 1918 as Cohn-Brandt-Cohn Film Sales by brothers Jack and Harry Cohn and Jack's best friend Joe Brandt, released its first feature film in August 1922. Brandt was president of CBC Film Sales, handling sales and distribution from New York along with Jack Cohn, while Harry Cohn ran production in Hollywood; the studio's early productions were low-budget short subjects: "Screen Snapshots", the "Hall Room Boys", the Chaplin imitator Billy West. The start-up CBC leased space in a Poverty Row studio on Hollywood's famously low-rent Gower Street. Among Hollywood's elite, the studio's small-time reputation led some to joke that "CBC" stood for "Corned Beef and Cabbage". Brandt tired of dealing with the Cohn brothers, in 1932 sold his one-third stake to Harry Cohn, who took over as president. In an effort to improve its image, the Cohn brothers renamed the company Columbia Pictures Corporation on January 10, 1924.
Cohn remained head of production as well. He would run one of the longest tenures of any studio chief. In an industry rife with nepotism, Columbia was notorious for having a number of Harry and Jack's relatives in high positions. Humorist Robert Benchley called it the Pine Tree Studio, "because it has so many Cohns". Columbia's product line consisted of moderately budgeted features and short subjects including comedies, sports films, various serials, cartoons. Columbia moved into the production of higher-budget fare joining the second tier of Hollywood studios along with United Artists and Universal. Like United Artists and Universal, Columbia was a horizontally integrated company, it controlled distribution. Helping Columbia's climb was the arrival of Frank Capra. Between 1927 and 1939, Capra pushed Cohn for better material and bigger budgets. A string of hits he directed in the early and mid 1930s solidified Columbia's status as a major studio. In particular, It Happened; until Columbia's existence had depended on theater owners willing to take its films, since as mentioned above it didn't have a theater network of its own.
Other Capra-directed hits followed, including the original version of Lost Horizon, with Ronald Colman, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington, which made James Stewart a major star. In 1933, Columbia hired Robert Kalloch to be women's costume designer, he was the first contract costume designer hired by the studio, he established the studio's wardrobe department. Kalloch's employment, in turn, convinced leading actresses that Columbia Pictures intended to invest in their careers. In 1938, the addition of B. B. Kahane as Vice President would produce Charles Vidor's Those High Gray Walls, The Lady in Question, the first joint film of Rita Hayworth and Glenn Ford. Kahane would become the President of Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences in 1959, until his death a year later. Columbia could not afford to keep a huge roster of contract stars, so Cohn borrowed them from other studios. At Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, the industry's most prestigious studio, Columbia was nicknamed "Siberia", as Louis B. Mayer would use the loan out to Columbia as a way to punish his less-obedient signings.
In the 1930s, Columbia signed Jean Arthur to a long-term contract, after The Whole Town's Talking, Arthur became a major comedy star. Ann Sothern's career was launched when Columbia signed her to a contract in 1936. Cary Grant signed a contract in 1937 and soon after it was altered to a non-exclusive contract shared with RKO. Many theaters relied on westerns to attract big weekend audiences, Columbia always recognized this market, its first cowboy star was Buck Jones, who signed with Columbia in 1930 for a fraction of his former big-studio salary. Over the next two decades Columbia released scores of outdoor adventures with Jones, Tim McCoy, Ken Maynard, Jack Luden, Bob Allen, Russell Hayden, Tex Ritter, Ken Curtis, Gene Autry. Columbia's most popular cowboy was Charles Starrett, who signed with Columbia in 193
Lea Katherine Thompson is an American actress and television producer. She is best known for her role as Lorraine Baines in the Back to the Future trilogy and as the title character in the 1990s NBC sitcom Caroline in the City. Other films for which she is known include All the Right Moves, Red Dawn, Howard the Duck, Some Kind of Wonderful, The Beverly Hillbillies. From 2011 to 2017, she co-starred as Kathryn Kennish in the ABC Family-turned Freeform series Switched at Birth. Thompson was born in Rochester, one of five children of Clifford and Barbara Barry Thompson, she has two sisters, Coleen Goodrich and Shannon Katona and two brothers and Barry. Her mother is of Irish descent, she studied ballet as a girl and danced professionally by the age of 14, winning scholarships to the American Ballet Theatre, the San Francisco Ballet, the Pennsylvania Ballet. Told she did not have the right body to become a prima ballerina by Mikhail Baryshnikov himself, she changed her focus to acting. At the time, she was 20 years old and dancing professionally with American Ballet Theatre's Studio Company, when the time came to decide if she would move to the main company, the artistic director at the time, told her, "You're a lovely dancer, but you're too stocky."
In her words, "my epiphany when I decided to stop dancing and not be a ballet dancer. It was a wonderful moment because I could've been banging my head against the wall for another 10 years."Moving to New York at age 20, she performed in a number of Burger King advertisements in the 1980s along with Sarah Michelle Gellar and Elisabeth Shue, her eventual co-star in Back to the Future Part II and Back to the Future Part III. Thompson made her home-media screen debut in 1982 as Cecily "Sissy" Loper in the interactive live-action video game MysteryDisc: Murder, Anyone? and her movie debut in 1983, with Jaws 3-D. She recalled the film as "the first movie I got, but I lied and said I had done a couple of other movies, so when I showed up, I knew nothing. I had said that I knew how to water ski, and I did not. So I had, five days to learn really complicated water-skiing things, because I had to fit into the Sea World water-skiing show. I don’t know how to swim!" She followed this with All the Right Moves, Red Dawn, The Wild Life.
Thompson's most famous role is that of Lorraine Baines McFly in the Back to the Future trilogy, with the first film released in 1985. Thompson's character is the mother of Marty McFly, played by Michael J. Fox, whom Marty meets when she is a 1950s adolescent age after he travels back in time. In 1986, Thompson starred in Howard the Duck. For the latter film, she sang several songs on the soundtrack in character, as musician Beverly Switzler, the lead vocalist for a band called Cherry Bomb; the recordings appeared on singles. Rounding out film appearances in the late 1980s, Thompson starred in Some Kind of Wonderful, Casual Sex?, The Wizard of Loneliness. She had a prominent role in the 1989 TV film Nightbreaker, for which she was nominated for a CableACE Award. In the early 1990s, Thompson starred as the mother of the eponymous character in Dennis the Menace, the villainess in The Beverly Hillbillies, a snooty ballet instructor in The Little Rascals, she appeared in several TV films throughout the 1990s, including The Substitute Wife and The Right To Remain Silent.
Thompson found moderate critical and popular success as the star of the NBC sitcom Caroline in the City from 1995 to 1999. In 1996, Thompson received a People's Choice Award for Favorite Female Performer in a New TV Series, while her show won for Favorite New TV Comedy Series. Thompson starred in a A Will of their Own, a 1998 American television mini-series directed by Karen Arthur; the film follows six generations of females within one family, their struggle for power and independence in America. The film debuted on October 1998, on the NBC network to strong critical reviews. After a break from acting, Thompson went on to star in several Broadway plays, she appeared in a TV series called For the People, which only lasted one season. She starred in a TV film, Stealing Christmas, starring Tony Danza and Betty White. Thompson appeared in several episodes of the dramedy series Ed and in a guest role for one episode in 2004 on NBC's Law & Order: Special Victims Unit. In 2005, Thompson began a series of made-for-TV films for the Hallmark Channel, in which she plays Jane Doe, an ex-secret agent turned housewife, who helps the government solve mysteries.
Thompson directed two films from the Jane Doe series – Jane Doe: The Harder They Fall and Jane Doe: Eye of the Beholder. Thompson was a featured singer on Celebrity Duets and the second contestant eliminated in 2006. In April 2007, she starred in another television film, A Life Interrupted, which premiered on Lifetime television. Thompson guest-starred on the show Head Case in January 2008, she appeared in the TV film Final Approach, which debuted in the U. S. on May 24, 2008. Her film credits include Exit Speed, Spy School and Adventures of a Teenage Dragon Slayer, she starred in the television movie The Christmas Clause, which received good ratings. Thompson stars in Mystery Case Files: Shadow Lake, an adventure game released in November 2012 by Big Fish Games. Thompson's daughter Madelyn D
Joyce Van Patten
Joyce Benignia Van Patten is an American stage and television actress, best known for the wry and neurotic characters she portrays. Among many roles, one of her most recognized is that of the selfish and domineering Mother of Jason Beghe's character in the horror movie Monkey Shines. Van Patten was born in New York City to Josephine Rose, a magazine advertising executive, Richard Byron Van Patten, an interior decorator, her mother was of Italian descent, while her father was of English ancestry. She is the younger sister of actor Dick Van Patten, half sister of actor/director Tim Van Patten and actor John Van Patten. Following a brief marriage to Thomas King at the age of 16, she married and divorced three more times, including to actor Dennis Dugan, she was married to actor Martin Balsam from 1959 to 1962, they had a daughter, actress Talia Balsam. Van Patten has appeared in dozens of television series, she was a member of the original cast of. She made her television debut as a featured regular on The Danny Kaye Show, after which she co-starred with Bob Denver and Herb Edelman in the 1968-70 sitcom The Good Guys as Claudia Gramus, the long-suffering wife of diner owner Bert Gramus.
She appeared in two episodes of Perry Mason. She appeared in guest or recurring roles on Stoney Burke, Hawaii Five-O, The Untouchables, The Law and Mr. Jones, The Twilight Zone, The Jack Benny Program, Family Affair, The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis, The Andy Griffith Show, Mr. Novak, The Outer Limits, The Rockford Files, The Bob Newhart Show, The Odd Couple, Lou Grant, Law & Order, Oz, The Sopranos. On a 1976 episode of Columbo, "Old Fashioned Murder", Van Patten played the lead, as a museum owner and curator who commits murder. In 1974, she had a minor role in the episode "Negative Reaction" of the same series. In 1979, she starred as Iris Chapman in The Mary Tyler Moore Hour, appeared in The Martian Chronicles the following year. In 1995, she played Jennie's mother, for two seasons on the WB sitcom Unhappily Ever After. In 2005, she played Susan Mayer's stepmother, on two episodes of Desperate Housewives, her film credits include I Love You, Alice B. Toklas, The Trouble with Girls, Pussycat, I Love You, Making It, Something Big, Thumb Tripping, The Manchu Eagle Murder Caper Mystery, The Bad News Bears and Nicky, The Falcon and the Snowman, St. Elmo's Fire, Billy Galvin, Blind Date, Monkey Shines, Grown Ups, This Must Be the Place, God's Pocket.
At age 9, Van Patten made her stage debut in Tomorrow, the World!. She appeared on Broadway in, among other shows, A Hole in the Head, Brighton Beach Memoirs, Murder at the Howard Johnson's, Rabbit Hole, she appeared off-Broadway in such dramas as Love and What I Wore, The Vagina Monologues, Chekhov's The Seagull. She appeared and recorded, with Charles Aidman and Naomi Caryl Hirschhorn, excerpts from Spoon River Anthology. Joyce Van Patten on IMDb Joyce Van Patten at the Internet Broadway Database Joyce Van Patten at Internet off-Broadway Database
Anthony Charles Edwards is an American actor and director. He is most known for his role as Dr. Mark Greene on the first eight seasons of ER, for which he received a Golden Globe award and six Screen Actors Guild Awards, was nominated for four consecutive Primetime Emmy Awards. Additionally, he has appeared in various movies and television shows, including Top Gun, Miracle Mile, Revenge of the Nerds and Northern Exposure. Edwards was born in Santa Barbara, the son of Erika Kem, an artist/landscape painter, Peter Edwards, an architect, he has two older sisters and Ann-Marie, two older brothers and Jeffrey. Edwards was encouraged by his parents to attend college before pursuing his interest in acting, he received a scholarship to the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts in England and studied theatre at University of Southern California. Edwards' early work included a co-starring role in the TV series It Takes Two with Richard Crenna and Patty Duke Astin as his parents and Helen Hunt as his sister, he made a cameo in the hit 1982 film Fast Times at Ridgemont High as "Stoner Bud".
In 1984, he starred in the hit comedy film Revenge of the Nerds playing the main role of Gilbert Lowe, a sensitive and well meaning nerd, Lewis' best friend and president of the Tri-Lambs. He reprised the role of Gilbert for a few brief scenes in the sequel Revenge of the Nerds II: Nerds in Paradise, with his character unable to join the rest of the nerds because of a broken leg, it was Edwards' role as LTJG Nick "Goose" Bradshaw alongside Tom Cruise in the 1986 film Top Gun that brought his first widespread public acknowledgement. His character, who died in an aviation accident, was among the most prominent and popular in the film, he appeared as a terminally ill patient in Hawks alongside Timothy Dalton, another role which brought him worldwide fame. He starred in the Cold War era comedy Gotcha! as a college student who gets wrapped up in spy antics. He starred in the 1990 movie Downtown with Penelope Ann Forest Whitaker, he played widowed veterinarian Chase Matthews, father of Edward Furlong's character, in the horror film Pet Sematary Two, a sequel to the film Pet Sematary in 1989.
In 1992 and 1993 he played Mike Monroe in ten episodes of Northern Exposure. Edwards' best known role is as Dr. Mark Greene on the long-running TV series ER, from the series premiere in 1994 to the end of the 8th season in 2002; the series afforded Edwards his first opportunity to direct. Edwards' desire to pursue directing led to his request to be written out of the series, he earned $35 million for three seasons on ER, which made him one of television's highest-paid actors. Edwards and his co-star George Clooney were the ones; the fourth-season premiere, "Ambush", was performed live twice, with an East Coast and a West Coast version. Edwards received four Primetime Emmy Award nominations for ER, he won a Golden Globe Award For Best Performance by an Actor-In a TV Series after being nominated four times and he has two Screen Actor's Guild Awards. In 2007, Edwards appeared as SFPD inspector Bill Armstrong in David Fincher's Zodiac, about the Zodiac Killer, the notorious serial killer who terrorized San Francisco in the 1960s and 1970s.
In 2008, Edwards returned to ER to reprise his role as Dr. Greene for one episode during its 15th and final season. In 2010, Edwards appeared in the movie Motherhood, which set a record for the biggest bomb in British cinema history by garnering £88 on 11 tickets on opening weekend. Motherhood did not fare much better in the United States. Earning $93,388 in three weeks of release. At the time, he said he took the role because "it seemed like a organic and real thing, it kind of reminded me of what the dynamic in a family is like."In 2013, Edwards returned to episodic television with the conspiracy drama Zero Hour, playing the male lead Hank Galliston. After three episodes, Zero Hour was cancelled due to poor ratings. Edwards was the voice of Echo, one of the fighter jets, in the Disneytoon Studios film Planes, voiced the character Pegleg Pirate in an episode of Blaze and the Monster Machines. Edwards served as the director of the 2016 film My Dead Boyfriend. In 2017, Edwards played a recurring role as Judge Stanley Weisberg on Law & Order True Crime: The Menendez Murders.
In 2018, Edwards was cast in the recurring role in the third season of Netflix's Designated Survivor as Mars Harper, the President’s Chief of Staff. From 1994 to 2015, Edwards was married to Jeanine Lobell, they separated in 2014. They have three daughters, he and his ex-wife reside in New York City. In 1994, who had worked as a makeup artist, founded the Stila cosmetics line, which she sold to Estee Lauder in 1999. Edwards serves as chairman for Shoe4Africa, a non-profit organization that donates shoes to Kenyan athletes and aims to build the largest public children's hospital in Africa, he ran in the ING New York City Marathon on November 2009 to raise funds for Shoe4Africa. Since his teenage years, Edwards has been a close friend of picture book illustrator Steven Kellogg. In 2011, Edwards's gift of $350,000 made it possible for Kellogg's complete life's work of more than 2700 illustrations to be donated to the Mazza Museum of International Art from Picture Books. Edwards has been a certified private pilot since 2012.
On November 10, 2017, Edwards wrote an essay on Medium in which he stated that screenwriter/producer Gary Goddard befriended and sexually assau
Georgetown University is a private research university in the Georgetown neighborhood of Washington, D. C. Founded in 1789 as Georgetown College, the university has grown to comprise nine undergraduate and graduate schools, among which are the School of Foreign Service, School of Business, Medical School, Law School. Located on a hill above the Potomac River, the school's main campus is identifiable by its flagship Healy Hall, a National Historic Landmark. Georgetown offers degree programs in forty-eight disciplines, enrolling an average of 7,500 undergraduate and 10,000 post-graduate students from more than 130 countries. Georgetown is the oldest Catholic and Jesuit-affiliated institution of higher education in the United States; the Jesuits have participated in the university's academic life, both as scholars and as administrators, since 1805. The majority of Georgetown students are not Catholic. Georgetown's notable alumni include U. S. President Bill Clinton, U. S. Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia, CIA Director George Tenet, King Felipe of Spain, as well as the royalty and heads of state of more than a dozen countries.
In 2015, Georgetown had 1190 alumni working as diplomats for the U. S. Foreign Service, more than any other university. In 2014, Georgetown ranked second in the nation by the average number of graduates serving in the U. S. Congress. Georgetown is a top feeder school for careers in consulting and investment banking on Wall Street. Georgetown is home to the country's largest student-run business, largest student-run financial institution, the oldest continuously running student theatre troupe, one of the oldest debating societies in the United States; the school's athletic teams are nicknamed the Hoyas and include a men's basketball team that has won a record-tying seven Big East championships, appeared in five Final Fours, won a national championship in 1984. The university has a co-ed sailing team that holds thirteen national championships and one world championship title. Jesuit settlers from England founded the Province of Maryland in 1634. However, the 1646 defeat of the Royalists in the English Civil War led to stringent laws against Roman Catholic education and the extradition of known Jesuits from the colony, including missionary Andrew White, the destruction of their school at Calverton Manor.
During most of the remainder of Maryland's colonial period, Jesuits conducted Catholic schools clandestinely. It was not until after the end of the American Revolution that plans to establish a permanent Catholic institution for education in the United States were realized; because of Benjamin Franklin's recommendation, Pope Pius VI appointed former Jesuit John Carroll as the first head of the Roman Catholic Church in the United States though the papal suppression of the Jesuit order was still in effect. Carroll began meetings of local clergy in 1783 near Annapolis, where they orchestrated the development of a new university. On January 23, 1789, Carroll finalized the purchase of the property in Georgetown on which Dahlgren Quadrangle was built. Future Congressman William Gaston was enrolled as the school's first student on November 22, 1791, instruction began on January 2, 1792. During its early years, Georgetown College suffered from considerable financial strain; the Maryland Society of Jesus began its restoration in 1805, Jesuit affiliation, in the form of teachers and administrators, bolstered confidence in the college.
The school relied on private sources of funding and the limited profits from local lands, donated to the Jesuits. To raise money for Georgetown and other schools in 1838, Maryland Jesuits conducted a mass sale of some 272 slaves to two Deep South plantations in Maringouin, Louisiana from their six in Maryland, ending their slaveholding. President James Madison signed into law Georgetown's congressional charter on March 1, 1815, creating the first federal university charter, which allowed it to confer degrees, with the first bachelor's degrees being awarded two years later. In 1844, the school received a corporate charter, under the name "The President and Directors of Georgetown College", affording the growing school additional legal rights. In response to the demand for a local option for Roman Catholic students, the Medical School was founded in 1851; the U. S. Civil War affected Georgetown as 1,141 students and alumni enlisted in one army or the other, the Union Army commandeered university buildings.
By the time of President Abraham Lincoln's May 1861 visit to campus, 1,400 troops were living in temporary quarters there. Due to the number of lives lost in the war, enrollment levels remained low until well after the war. Only seven students graduated in 1869, down from over 300 in the previous decade; when the Georgetown College Boat Club, the school's rowing team, was founded in 1876 it adopted two colors: blue, used for Union uniforms, gray, used for Confederate uniforms. These colors signified the peaceful unity among students. Subsequently, the school adopted these as its official colors. Enrollment did not recover until during the presidency of Patrick Francis Healy from 1873 to 1881. Born in Georgia as a slave by law and mixed-race by ancestry, Healy was the first head of a predominantly white American university of acknowledged African descent, he identified as Irish Catholic, like his father, was educated in Catholic schools in the United States and France. He is credited with reforming the undergraduate curriculum, lengthening the medical and law programs, creating the Alumni Association.
One of his largest undertakings was the construction of a major new building, subsequently named Healy Hall in his honor. For his work, Healy is known as the school's "second fo
Mary Megan Winningham is an American actress and singer-songwriter. An eight-time Emmy Award nominee, she won Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Miniseries or Movie for Amber Waves in 1980 and George Wallace in 1998, she was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for the 1995 film Georgia. Winningham's other film and TV roles include St. Elmo's Fire, Miracle Mile, Turner & Hooch, The War, Swing Vote, Mildred Pierce, Hatfields & McCoys and four seasons of American Horror Story: Coven, Freak Show and Cult, she made her New York stage debut in the 2007 Off-Broadway musical 10 Million Miles, for which she received a Drama Desk Award nomination. And her Broadway debut in the 2013 revival of Picnic. In 2014, she was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play for the original Broadway production of Casa Valentina. Winningham was born in Phoenix and raised in Northridge, California, she is the daughter of Sam Neal Winningham. She has one sister, her father was the chairman of the Department of Physical Education at California State University and her mother was an English teacher and college counselor at Monroe High School.
She credits her first interest in acting to seeing an interview with Kym Karath on Art Linkletter's television show House Party when she was five or six years old. Winningham attended Andasol Ave. Elementary School, where her favorite activities included drama and playing the guitar and drums, she took the extended drama option at Patrick Henry Junior High School and continued to study over her summer vacations at CSUN's Teenage Drama Workshop. It was at this time that she adopted the nickname "Mare", her mother arranged. In grade 12, Winningham starred in a production of The Sound of Music, playing the part of Maria, opposite classmate Kevin Spacey as Captain Von Trapp, she graduated co-valedictorian of her high school class in 1977. Winningham began her career as a singer-songwriter. In 1976 and 1977, she got her break singing The Beatles song "Here and Everywhere" on The Gong Show. Though Winningham received no record contracts as result of the appearance, she was signed to an acting contract by Hollywood agent Meyer Mishkin, received her Screen Actor's Guild card for doing three lines in an episode of James at 15.
That year she was offered a role on Young Pioneers and Young Pioneers Christmas, pilots for the short-lived 1978 drama The Young Pioneers. Though the series ended with just three episodes being broadcast, a number of television projects followed, including parts on Police Woman in 1978 and Starsky and Hutch in 1979; that same year, she played the role of teenage outcast Jenny Flowers in the made-for-TV film The Death of Ocean View Park. In 1980, Winningham starred in Off the Minnesota Strip playing a young prostitute, she won an Emmy Award for Best Supporting Actress In A Miniseries Or A Movie for her role in the critically acclaimed Amber Waves, a television film about a rough farmer who finds he is dying of cancer. In that year, she broke into feature films with One Trick Pony, starring Paul Simon. In 1983, Winningham was nominated for a Canadian Genie Award for her work in the futuristic 1981 drama Threshold, appeared in the 1983 epic miniseries The Thorn Birds, in which she played Justine O'Neill.
In 1984, she starred as Helen Keller in Helen Keller: The Miracle Continues. Winningham achieved greater fame co-starring in St. Elmo's Fire, alongside the other original "brat pack" alumni. Despite the film's success, she failed to cash in on her teen idol status, returned to television in the Hallmark Hall of Fame movie, Love Is Never Silent, for which she received an Emmy nomination. Another well-known and well-received performance was as a homeless young mother in the television movie God Bless the Child. Winningham finished the 1980s with two Hollywood films: the nuclear disaster drama, Miracle Mile, for which she received an Independent Spirit Award nomination in 1989, the Tom Hanks vehicle Turner & Hooch in 1989. In 1988, Winningham starred in the Los Angeles stage production of Hurlyburly with Sean Penn and Danny Aiello. In the early 1990s, she returned to film for 1994's all-star Wyatt Earp and the family drama The War, both starring Kevin Costner. 1995 brought Georgia, a thoughtful character study of two sisters, which earned Winningham Screen Actors Guild and Academy Award nominations.
Two years she starred opposite Gary Sinise in George Wallace, for which she garnered her first Golden Globe Award nomination and won an Emmy Award. She made acclaimed appearances on the series ER and Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, as well as appearances in the 2001 television project Sally Hemmings opposite Sam Neill and the short-lived David E. Kelley series The Brotherhood of Poland, New Hampshire. In 2001, she appeared in the made-for-TV movie Snap Decision with Felicity Huffman, she appeared in the independent film Dandelion, a staple of film festivals worldwide between 2003 and 2004 and had a limited American release in October 2005. In 2006, she landed the role of Susan Grey on the ABC drama Grey's Anatomy where she played the stepmother of one of the main characters, Dr. Meredith Grey, her character was killed off in May 2007. In 2006, Winningham voiced the audio version of Stephen King's Lisey's Story. In 2007, she voiced Alice Hoffman's Skylight Confessions. In 2010, Winningham starred in an episode of Cold Case as main character Lilly Rush's stepmother, Celeste Co