Bernal Heights, San Francisco
Bernal Heights is a residential neighborhood in southeastern San Francisco, California. The prominent Bernal Heights hill overlooks the San Francisco skyline and features a microwave transmission tower, the nearby Sutro Tower can be seen from the Bernal Heights neighborhood. Bernal Heights lies to the south of San Franciscos Mission District and its most prominent feature is the open parkland and radio tower on its large rocky hill, Bernal Heights Summit. Bernal is bounded by Cesar Chavez Street to the north, San Jose Avenue to the west, US101 to the east, and I-280 to the south. Bernal Heights was part of the 1839 Rancho Rincon de las Salinas y Potrero Viejo, by 1860, the land belonged to François Louis Alfred Pioche, a frenchman and financier, who subdivided it into smaller lots. Its streets were laid out during the Civil War by Army engineers from the Presidio and it was first populated primarily by Irish immigrants who farmed the land and ran dairy ranches. According to legend, a gold rush was triggered in 1876 when con artists planted the hilltop with traces of gold.
Bernal Heights remained undeveloped until the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, built atop bedrock, the hills structures survived the tremor, and the sparseness of the development saved much of Bernal from the ravages of the firestorm that followed. The commercial corridor of Eugenia Avenue filled in with shops as the pastureland on the hilltop was developed for homes during the rapid rebuilding of the city. Some of the tiny earthquake cottages, which the city built to house refugees, survive to this day. During World War II, the area saw another population surge, the new arrivals included many African-American families who worked at the nearby San Francisco Naval Shipyard at Hunters Point. During the Vietnam War, the neighborhood was known as Red Hill for the activists in shared households. By the 1990s, Bernals pleasant microclimate, small houses and freeway access to the peninsula, Bernal has not gentrified to the extent of its neighbor Noe Valley, but gentrification and property values are increasing as urban professionals replace working-class home owners and renters.
Bernal is a haven for young families with children, notable residents include Tom Ammiano, Dan Nakamura, Annie Sprinkle, Charles Gatewood, Terry Zwigoff Matt Nathanson, childrens author Jane Wattenberg and Matt Stewart. Bernal Heights was long known as family oriented neighborhood, giving rise to the nickname Maternal Heights, the local branch of the San Francisco Public Library at 500 Cortland was built by Frederick H. Meyer with funding from the Works Progress Administration and dedicated in 1940. After closing for two years for renovations and after much long-standing contention over the murals that adorn the librarys exterior. There is a collection of restaurants and cafés at the bottom of the northern slope and they center around the newly renovated, rectangular Precita Park. Also notable is Precita Eyes, a mural art center
Noe Valley, San Francisco
Noe Valley is an affluent neighborhood in the central part of San Francisco, California. Roughly speaking, Noe Valley is bounded by 21st Street to the north, 30th Street to the south, Dolores Street to the east, the Castro is north of Noe Valley, the Mission District is east. The neighborhood is named after José de Jesús Noé, the last Mexican alcalde of Yerba Buena, Noé sold the land, to be known as Noe Valley, to John Meirs Horner, a Mormon immigrant, in 1854. At this time the land was called Horners Addition, the original Noé adobe house was located in the vicinity of the present day intersection of 23rd Street and Douglass Street. Along with nearby neighborhood Corona Heights, Noe Valley was the site of two quarries until 1914, Noe Valley was primarily developed at the end of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century, especially in the years just after the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. As a result, the neighborhood contains many examples of the classic Victorian and Edwardian residential architecture for which San Francisco is famous.
As a working-class neighborhood, Noe Valley houses were built in rows, with some of the efficient, low-cost homes being more ornate than others, depending on the owners taste and finances. Today, Noe Valley has one of the highest concentration of row houses in San Francisco, few facades in such rows of houses remain unchanged since their creation in the late 19th and early 20th century. Many Noe Valley streets were laid out and named by John Meirs Horner, most of Noe Valley is still called Horners Addition for tax purposes by the city assessors office. Present day 24th Street was named Park Street, and 25th Street was named Temple Street to commemorate John Meirs Horners Mormon faith, st. Pauls Catholic Church, known as Parroquia De San Pablo, is a famous church located at Church and Valley Street. It was the location for the movie Sister Act. It is home to many professionals, particularly young couples with children. It is colloquially known as Stroller Town, for the many strollers in the neighborhood, the median sale price for homes in Noe Valley as of September 2015 was $2.37 million.
Public transit includes the J Church, which runs down Church Street until 30th Street, the 24 Muni Bus runs through Noe Valley. Its route comes from the north on Castro Street and switches to Noe Street at 26th Street and it exits the neighborhood via 30th Street. Ruth Asawa was a resident of Noe Valley from 1962 until her death in August 2013, carlos Santana graduated from James Lick Middle School on Noe Street in the early 1960s, as did Benjamin Bratt in the following decade. Medea Benjamin lives in the neighborhood, famous residents include Scott Hutchins, Evan Williams and Mark Zuckerberg. San Francisco Bay Area portal The Noe Valley Voice, the neighborhoods newspaper
Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco
Fishermans Wharf is a neighborhood and popular tourist attraction in San Francisco, California. It roughly encompasses the northern waterfront area of San Francisco from Ghirardelli Square or Van Ness Avenue east to Pier 35 or Kearny Street. The F Market streetcar runs through the area, the Powell-Hyde cable car runs to Aquatic Park, at the edge of Fishermans Wharf. One, Achille Paladini, found success wholesaling local fish as owner of the Paladini Fish Company, most of the Italian immigrant fishermen settled in the North Beach area close to the wharf and fished for the local delicacies and the now famed Dungeness crab. From until the present day it remained the base of San Franciscos fishing fleet. Despite its redevelopment into a tourist attraction during the 1970s and 1980s, seafood restaurants are aplenty in the area. Some include the floating Forbes Island restaurant at Pier 39 to stands that serve fresh seafood, most notably Dungeness crab, some of the restaurants, including Fishermens Grotto, Pompeis Grotto and Aliotos, go back for three generations of the same family ownership.
Other restaurants include chains like Joes Crab Shack and Bubba Gump Shrimp Co, other attractions in Fishermans Wharf area are the Hyde Street Pier, the USS Pampanito, a decommissioned World War II era submarine, and the Balclutha, a 19th-century cargo ship. Nearby Pier 45 has a chapel in memory of the Lost Fishermen of San Francisco, there is a sea lion colony next to Pier 39. They took-up residence months before the Loma Prieta earthquake in 1989, the sea lions lie on wooden docks that were originally used for docking boats. He has been a permanent entertainer in the Fishermans Wharf area for the past 30 years and has gained an amount of notoriety among the locals. In 1985, the wharf was used as a location in the James Bond film A View to a Kill. Fishermans Wharf Merchants Association For visitor information including lodging, attractions, arcadia Publishing Fishermans Wharf Merchants Association Fishermans Wharf Community Benefit District JB Monaco Fishermans Wharf Photo Gallery
Financial District, San Francisco
The Financial District is a neighborhood in San Francisco, that serves as its main central business district. It is home to the citys largest concentration of headquarters, law firms, insurance companies, real estate firms, banks and loans. All six San Francisco Fortune 500 companies—McKesson, Wells Fargo, PG&E, Charles Schwab, the citys tallest buildings, including 555 California Street and the Transamerica Pyramid, and many other tall buildings, such as 101 California Street and 345 California Street are located there. Montgomery Street is the heart of the district. Since the 1980s, restrictions on high rise construction have shifted new development to the adjacent South of Market area surrounding the Transbay Transit Center and this area is sometimes called the South Financial District by real estate developers, or simply included as part of the Financial District itself. It was not until 1835 that the first settlers established themselves on the shore of Yerba Buena Cove, Yerba Buenas potential as a seaport made it the eventual center for European and American settlement.
Gold Rush wealth and business made it the capital of the west coast as many banks. The west coasts first and only skyscrapers, were built in the area along Market Street, the neighborhood was completely destroyed in the 1906 Earthquake and Fire. By 1910, the area was rebuilt with low-rise, masonry-clad buildings ranging from six to twelve stories in height. Due to new building and earthquake retrofitting technologies, the restrictions were lifted. This boom accelerated under mayor Dianne Feinstein during the 1980s, something her critics labelled as Manhattanization and this caused widespread opposition citywide leading to the skyscraper revolt similar to the freeway revolt in the city years earlier. The skyscraper revolt led to the city imposing extremely strict, European-style height restrictions on building construction citywide. Due to these restrictions, lack of buildable lots, and changes in the local real estate market. To encourage new development south of Market, and to fund the replacement for the Transbay Terminal.
As a result, nearly all new high rise construction since the 1980s has taken place South of Market, notable examples include the JPMorgan Chase Building,555 Mission Street,101 Second Street, the Four Seasons Hotel, The Paramount, and the Millennium Tower. Adjacent to the Financial District to the west is the Union Square shopping district, to the northwest is Chinatown, and to the north is North Beach and Jackson Square. To the east lies the Embarcadero waterfront and the Ferry Building, to the south lies Market Street and the South of Market district. The Financial District is served by more than two dozen Muni bus and rail lines, including one cable car line, as well as Montgomery Street Station, the nickname FiDi is occasionally employed, analogous to nearby SoMa
Haight-Ashbury is a district of San Francisco, named for the intersection of Haight and Ashbury streets. It is called The Haight and The Upper Haight, the neighborhood is known for its history of, and being the origin of hippie counterculture. The street names commemorate two early San Francisco leaders and exchange banker Henry Haight and Munroe Ashbury, a member of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors from 1864 to 1870. Both Haight and his nephew as well as Ashbury had a hand in the planning of the neighborhood, the Haight-Ashbury district is noted for its role as a center of the 1960s hippie movement. The earlier bohemians of the movement had congregated around San Franciscos North Beach neighborhood from the late 1950s. Many who could not find accommodation there turned to the quaint, relatively cheap, the Summer of Love, the 1960s era as a whole, and much of modern American counterculture have been synonymous with San Francisco and the Haight-Ashbury neighborhood ever since. Before the completion of the Haight Street Cable Railroad in 1883, what is now the Haight-Ashbury was a collection of isolated farms and acres of sand dunes.
The Haight cable car line, completed in 1883, connected the east end of Golden Gate Park with the geographically central Market Street line and the rest of downtown San Francisco. The cable car, land grading and building techniques of the 1890s and it was one of the few neighborhoods spared from the fires that followed the catastrophic San Francisco earthquake of 1906. The Haight was hit hard by the Depression, as was much of the city, residents with enough money to spare left the declining and crowded neighborhood for greener pastures within the growing city limits, or newer, smaller suburban homes in the Bay Area. During the housing shortage of World War II, large single-family Victorians were divided into apartments to house workers, others were converted into boarding homes for profit. By the 1950s, the Haight was a neighborhood in decline, many buildings were left vacant after the war. Deferred maintenance took its toll, and the exodus of middle class residents to newer suburbs continued to many units for rent.
In the 1950s, a freeway was proposed that would have run through the Panhandle, the Haight Ashbury Neighborhood Council was formed at the time of the 1959 revolt. HANC is still active in the neighborhood as of 2008, the bohemian subculture that subsequently flourished there took root, and to a great extent, has remained to this day. The mainstream medias coverage of life in the Haight-Ashbury drew the attention of youth from all over America. Hunter S. Thompson labeled the district Hashbury in The New York Times Magazine, the Haight-Ashbury district was sought out by hippies to constitute a community based upon counterculture ideals and music. This neighborhood offered a concentrated gathering spot for hippies to create an experiment that would soon spread throughout the nation
Mission Bay, San Francisco
Mission Bay is a 303-acre neighborhood in San Francisco, California. It is the home of the Chase Center that will open in 2019 and it is located on the east side of the city, outside Downtown San Francisco. Mission Bay is one of the apartment neighborhoods in San Francisco, which borders South of Market, China Basin to the north, and South Beach in San Francisco. Mission Bay is roughly bounded by Townsend Street on the north, Third Street and San Francisco Bay on the east, Mariposa Street on the south, and 7th Street and Interstate 280 on the west. Before urbanization, Mission Bay was nestled inside of a +500 acre salt marsh and lagoon and this area was a natural habitat and refuge for large water fowl populations that included ducks, herons, egrets and gulls. The Native American tribes who resided in this area were the Costanoan people who spoke eight different languages which delineated between the various tribelets, the tribe most prevalent in the Bay area was the Patwin people who resided in the area for over 5,000 years.
As the marsh stabilized with the weight of the infill. By 1850 the area was used for shipbuilding and repair and meat production, with the addition of the railroad, Mission Bay became the home to shipyards, canneries, a sugar refinery and various warehouses. In 1998 the area was announced by the Board of Supervisors as a redevelopment project, catellus subsequently sold or sub-contracted several parcels to other developers. It has rapidly evolved into a neighborhood of luxury condominiums, hospitals. Mission Bay is currently the headquarters of the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine and it is the headquarters, at 550 Terry Francois Blvd, of the Old Navy brand of The Gap clothing retailer. Salesforce sold the property it owned to the NBAs Golden State Warriors, the northern terminus of the Third Street Light Rail Project of the San Francisco Municipal Railway. An AT&T Fiber to the premises greenfield project, the first new branch of the San Francisco Public Library in over 40 years, The Mission Bay Branch Library, opened on July 8,2006.
It is located on the floor of a new multi-use facility, which includes an adult day health center, affordable senior housing, retail space. The new library is approximately 7,500 square feet, and is the 27th branch of the San Francisco Public Library, the other half of the building will be occupied by Bayers U. S. Location of the San Francisco Public Safety Building at Third Street and it will include a Police headquarters, Police Station and Mission Bay Fire Station. Funding for the building was passed with a 79.4 percent positive vote on Proposition B, the future location of Rock Health, a seed accelerator for digital health startups. An estimated 56 biotech companies were clustered in Mission Bay in mid-2010, Mission Bay is served by the N Judah and T Third Street lines of San Franciscos Muni Metro
Telegraph Hill, San Francisco
Telegraph Hill is a neighborhood in San Francisco, California. It is one of San Franciscos 44 hills, and one of its original Seven Hills, the San Francisco Chronicle defines the Chinatown, North Beach, and Telegraph Hill areas as bounded by Sacramento Street, Taylor Street, Bay Street, and the water. Originally named Loma Alta by the Spaniards, the hill was known as Goat Hill by the early San Franciscans. From 1825 through 1847, the area between Sansome and Battery and Vallejo streets was used as a ground for foreign non-Catholic seamen. The hill owes its name to a semaphore, a structure erected in September 1849. The information was used by operating for financiers, merchants. Knowing the nature of the cargo carried by the ship they could predict the local prices for those goods. Those who did not have information on the cargo might pay a too-high price from a merchant unloading his stock of a commodity — a price that was about to drop. On October 18,1850, the ship Oregon signaled to the hill as it was entering the Golden Gate the news of Californias recently acquired statehood, prompting a rogue in the gallery to shout, Sidewheel steamer.
Sailing ships brought cargo to San Francisco, but needed ballast when leaving, rocks for ballast were quarried from the bay side of Telegraph Hill. A second semaphore system was built at Point Lobos in 1853, with the advent of the electrical telegraph in 1862, both became obsolete. Telegraph Hill retained its name and is now registered as California Historical Landmark #91, in the 1920s, Telegraph Hill became with North Beach a destination for poets and bohemian intellectuals, dreaming of turning it into a West Coast West Village. Telegraph Hill is primarily an area, much quieter than adjoining North Beach with its bustling cafés. Aside from Coit Tower, it is known for its gardens flowing down Filbert Street down to Levi Plaza. Today Telegraph Hill is known for supporting a flock of parrots, primarily red-masked parakeets. The flock was popularized by a book and subsequent documentary, both titled The Wild Parrots of Telegraph Hill and they range widely, including along The Embarcadero and in the Presidio.
A controversial San Francisco city ordinance passed on June 5,2007, the feeding ban was championed by Mark Bittner, the birds most outspoken supporter who fed them for years and wrote the book The Wild Parrots of Telegraph Hill. Other local conservationists supported the ban, though some continue to object
South of Market, San Francisco
SoMa is home to many of the citys museums, to the headquarters of several major software and Internet companies, and to the Moscone Conference Center. The areas boundaries are Market Street to the northwest, San Francisco Bay to the northeast, Mission Creek to the southeast and it is the part of the city in which the street grid runs parallel and perpendicular to Market Street. As with many neighborhoods, the boundaries of the South of Market area are fuzzy. From 1848 until the construction of the Central Freeway in the 1950s, since the 1950s, the boundary has been either 10th Street, 11th Street, or the Central Freeway. Similarly, the entire Mission Bay neighborhood may or may not be counted as part of SoMa, redevelopment agencies, social service agencies, and community activists frequently exclude the more prosperous areas between the waterfront and 3rd Street. Some social service agencies and nonprofits count the economically distressed area around 6th, 7th, the terms South of Market and SoMa refer to both a comparatively large district of the city as well as a much smaller neighborhood.
Before being called South of Market this area was called South of the Slot, while the cable cars have long since disappeared from Market Street, some old timers still refer to this area as South of the Slot. Since 1847, the name of the South of Market area has been the 100 Vara Survey or simply 100 Vara for short. Since the mid-20th century, the name has been gradually forgotten, and today is found mainly in history books, legal documents, title deeds. At the time, the streets of San Francisco were aligned approximately with the points, running north to south. Each block was divided into six lots 50 varas on a side. e, northeast to southwest, and northwest to southeast. He decided to make the new blocks twice as long and twice as wide, finally, OFarrell created a grand promenade linking the old pueblo with the new subdivision, Market Street. Since then, downtown San Francisco north of Lower Market Street has been known as 50 Vara. Rincon Hill became an enclave for the wealthy, while nearby South Park became an enclave for the middle class.
The neighborhood became a largely working-class and lower-middle-class community of recent European immigrants, power stations, the 1906 earthquake completely destroyed the area, and many of the quakes fatalities occurred there. Following the quake, the area was rebuilt with wider than usual streets, the construction of the Bay Bridge and U. S. Route 101 during the 1930s saw large swaths of the area demolished, including most of the original Rincon Hill. The waterfront redevelopment of the Embarcadero in the 1950s pushed a new population into this area in the 1960s, the incipient gay community, and the leather community in particular. From 1962 until 1982, the gay community grew and thrived throughout South of Market, most visibly along Folsom Street
Marina District, San Francisco
The Marina District is a neighborhood located in San Francisco, California. The neighborhood sits on the site of the 1915 Panama–Pacific International Exposition, aside from the Palace of Fine Arts, all other buildings were demolished to make the current neighborhood. Much of the Marina is built on landfill, and is susceptible to soil liquefaction during strong earthquakes. This phenomenon caused extensive damage to the neighborhood during the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. The area in the 19th century prior to the 1906 earthquake consisted of bay shallows, tidal pools, sand dunes, human habitation and development came in the mid to late 19th century in the form of a sandwall and of a road from the nearby Presidio to Fort Mason. Most of the dunes were leveled out and a hodgepodge of wharves. However, all of this was destroyed in the 1906 earthquake, during reconstruction of the city after the 1906 earthquake, the area was chosen as the site of the Panama–Pacific International Exposition. Although rubble from the earthquake was used as part of the reclamation, most of the landfill came from dredging mud.
After the end of the exposition in 1915, the land was sold to private developers and this major redevelopment was completed in the 1920s. In the 1930s, with the completion of the nearby Golden Gate Bridge, Lombard Street was widened, the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake caused severe liquefaction of the fill upon which the neighborhood is built, causing major damage including a small firestorm. Firefighters resorted to pumping water directly from the Bay, to replace water unavailable from broken water mains, the neighborhood appears to have changed very little since its construction in the 1920s. The Palace is the building left standing in its original location within the 1915 Exposition fairgrounds. The grounds around the Palace are a popular attraction for tourists and locals. The neighborhood is noted for its demographics, which since the 1980s have shifted from mostly middle-class families and pensioners. These now make up more than half of the population, although a small, San Franciscos Academy of Art University has a campus housing building at the Southern edge of the neighborhood on Lombard Street.
The San Francisco Police Department Northern Station serves the Marina District, a16 Strangers in the night – Bars, cheap sex, and boozy anthropology
Treasure Island, San Francisco
Treasure Island is an artificial island in San Francisco Bay and a neighborhood of the City of San Francisco. Built 1936–37 for the 1939 Golden Gate International Exposition, the islands World’s Fair site is a California Historical Landmark, the San Francisco neighborhood that includes Treasure Island extends far into San Francisco Bay and includes a tip of Alameda Island. Yerba Buena and Treasure islands together have an area of 576.7 acres with a 2010 total population of 2,500. Treasure Island is connected by a 900 ft causeway to Yerba Buena Island, the island has a marina and a bikeway connecting to the newly completed Eastern span replacement of the San Francisco–Oakland Bay Bridge. Raised walkways circumscribe nearly the entire island along five streets, prior to the islands construction by the United States government, Yerba Buena Shoals of rock north of the transbay island had less than 27 ft clearance and were a shipping hazard. The 400-acre island was constructed by emplacing 287,000 short tons of quarried rock in the shoals for the island/causeway perimeter rock walls, Facility construction had begun by March 4,1937 when two hangars were being built.
The island had a lagoon, and structures included the 400-foot Tower of the Sun, the International Building, in addition to Building 2 and Building 3, remaining exposition buildings include Building 1 intended after the expo as the Pan American World Airways terminal. The expos Magic Carpet Great Lawn remains, the U. S. Navy seized Treasure Island on April 17,1942 and instead of an island airport, the city built an airport at Mills Field that became the San Francisco International Airport. The station had a Naval Auxiliary Air Facility to support helicopters, fixed wing planes, blimps, dirigibles, in the 70s, 80s, and 90s the U. S. Navy Conducted Naval Technical Training NTTC. The U. S. Navy Rate consisted of the old Shipfitter Rate, the U. S. Navy Technical Training included NBC Warfare Decon. The New U. S. Navy Rate was classified as HT Hull Maintenance Technicians, multiple Maintenance Skills were included into The Naval Technical Training Command NTTC. During World War II over 12,000 men a day were processed here for Pacific area assignments, and thousands more were processed for separation in the aftermath of the war.
Medal of Honor and Navy Cross recipient USMC Gunnery Sgt John Basilone movie theatre Building 401 @680 Avenue I was established in recognition as being one of the earliest World War II heroes. The station was identified by the 1991 Base Realignment and Closure Commission,600 @750 Avenue M, Bldg. 157 @849 Avenue D, and the 20,000 sq ft Bldg,180 by US Naval Station Way & California Ave. The Treasure Island Radar Bomb Scoring Site was a Strategic Air Command automatic tracking radar facility established on the island. Major Posey was the c. 1948 commander of Detachment B which evaluated simulated bombing missions on targets in the San Francisco metropolitan area for maintaining Cold War bomber crews proficiency. From the late 1980s, Treasure Islands old aircraft Hangar 2 and Hangar 3 served as sound stages for film-making and TV, the Matrix and The Pursuit of Happyness
Sunset District, San Francisco
The Sunset District is a neighborhood located in the west-central area of San Francisco, United States. It is the largest neighborhood in San Francisco, the Sunset District is the largest district within the city of San Francisco, and with a population of over 85,000 it is the most populous. Golden Gate Park forms the northern border, and the Pacific Ocean forms its western border. The Sunset District and the neighboring Richmond District are often known as The Avenues. When the city was laid out, the avenues were numbered from 1st to 49th. In 1909, to reduce confusion for mail carriers, the east-west streets and 1st Avenue, 1st Avenue was renamed Arguello Boulevard, and 49th Avenue was renamed La Playa Street. Today, the first numbered avenue is 2nd Avenue, starting one block west of Arguello Boulevard, the east-west streets in the Sunset appear for the most part in alphabetical order. These streets are, Geary Avenue, Balboa, Cabrillo, X was originally proposed to be Xavier, but was changed to Yorba due to a pronunciation controversy.
The origin of the Sunset name is not entirely clear, one claim indicates that Aurelius Buckingham, a developer who owned property in the area, coined the term in 1886. Another claim comes from the California Midwinter Exposition, held in Golden Gate Park in 1894, before construction of the Twin Peaks Tunnel in 1917, the Sunset was a vast, sparsely inhabited area of large sand dunes and coastal scrub land known as the Outside Lands. Development increased by the 1930s, as the Sunset was built, the post–World War II baby boom in the 1950s saw the last of the sand dunes leveled down and replaced with more single- and multifamily homes. Later, Oliver Rousseau built more individualistic homes in the district, for most of its history, the Sunset existed as a large individual area. In recent years, the neighborhood has been divided into four parts with sometimes vague borders. The Inner Sunset is bordered by Lincoln Way to the north, Arguello Boulevard to the east, Quintara Street to the south and this far-east section of the Sunset is located just west of Mount Sutro.
The main commercial area is along Irving Street from 5th Avenue to 12th Avenue, all these establishments are clustered around the intersection of 9th. The Central Sunset is bounded by Lincoln Way to the north, 19th Avenue to the east, Quintara Street to the south, and Sunset Boulevard to the west. This area is residential with a commercial strip along Irving Street from 19th Avenue to 24th Avenue and on Noriega Street from 19th Avenue to 27th Avenue. Features of the include the massive Sunset Reservoir, which has a small park surrounding its outer rim, Golden Gate Park, the Sunset Recreation Center
Nob Hill, San Francisco
Nob Hill is a neighborhood in San Francisco, centered on the intersection of California Street and Powell Street. It is one of San Franciscos 44 hills, and one of its original Seven Hills, prior to the 1850s, Nob Hill was called California Hill. It was renamed after the Central Pacific Railroads Big Four – called the Nobs – built mansions there, the actual peak of Nob Hill lies slightly to the northwest, approximately at the intersection of Jones and Sacramento Streets. South of Nob Hill is Lower Nob Hill neighborhood, the district of Union Square, the Tenderloin neighborhood. To the east is San Franciscos Chinatown and a little farther, northeast of Nob Hill is North Beach and Telegraph Hill. North of Nob Hill is Russian Hill, and eventually, the areas of the waterfront such as Pier 39. The area was settled in the rapid urbanization happening in the city in the late 19th century, because of the views and its central position, it became an exclusive enclave of the rich and famous on the west coast who built large mansions in the neighborhood.
This included prominent tycoons such as Leland Stanford, founder of Stanford University, for this reason, its early citizens were known as nabobs, which was shortened to nob, giving the area its eventual name. The neighborhood was destroyed in the 1906 earthquake and fire, except for the walls surrounding the Stanford, Huntington. Those walls remain and black caused by smoke from the intense fires that burned after the quake can still be seen. Also gutted by the fires was the newly completed Fairmont Hotel at Mason and California Streets, both structures had stone exteriors that survived the fires, and both buildings were subsequently cleaned and refurbished. The Fairmont Hotel remains in operation to day and the Flood Mansion is the headquarters of the exclusive Pacific-Union Club. While the neighborhood was able to maintain its affluence following the quake, some rebuilt mansions further west in San Francisco, for example, in Pacific Heights and Cow Hollow. In place of where the mansions had been located, swank hotels were erected, hotels built over the ruins of the former mansions include the Mark Hopkins and Stanford Court.
Nob is disparaging British slang abbreviation of noble/nobility referring to the monied, the location is derisively referred to as Snob Hill. The intersection of California and Powell streets is the location of two of its four well-known and most expensive hotels, the Fairmont Hotel, the Mark Hopkins Hotel, the Mark Hopkins Hotel and the Huntington Hotel are located one block away at Mason & California. The hotels were named for three of The Big Four, four entrepreneurs of the construction of the Central Pacific Railroad, Leland Stanford, the fourth, Charles Crocker has a garage named after him in the neighborhood. The Fairmont is named for a San Francisco tycoon, James G. Fair, opposite the Fairmont Hotel and Pacific Union Club is Grace Cathedral, one of the citys largest houses of worship