Rideau High School
Rideau High School is a former Ottawa-Carleton District School Board high school in Ottawa, Canada. It was located at 815 St. Laurent Boulevard in the east end of the city on the edge of Vanier, it was located next to the Queen Elizabeth Public School. The school opened in 1957 under Principal E. D. Hendry, it was the second of a series of ten high schools built by the local school board to cope with rising attendance and the baby boom. The project generated some controversy as the Collegiate Board presented a plan that included an auditorium, double gym, a cafeteria; the Ottawa Property Owners association objected to these as expensive and unneeded luxuries, the mayor Charlotte Whitton agreed. The dispute delayed the construction of the school for some time. In 1971-72, Rideau High School concert and stage bands produced an album. In an October 6, 2009 report by the OCDSB, closure of the school was recommended, with its current students to be redirected to Gloucester High School, and incoming students to be re-directed to Lisgar Collegiate Institute or Glebe Collegiate Institute.
However, due to a vote in December 7, 2009, the school remained open. Rideau was designed to hold 800 students; the enrolment fell to about 550 students by 2013, with the rest of the building populated by the children of two day-care programs and an adult English program. In March 2017, the Ottawa-Carleton District Board of Trustees voted to close Rideau High School, effective June 2017, redirect all of its students and programs to Gloucester High School; the reasons for closure were cited as declining enrollment and the consequent reduction in programming opportunities for students. Rideau was built at the same time as Laurentian High School and Ridgemont High School and has the same base design by architects Hazelgrove and Lambert with well-lit efficient circulation, a large auditoria; the double gymnasium block projected into a large sports oval track. For adults and business classes were offered in the evenings. There are tennis courts, a large parking lot, well equipped science labs, technical shops and a library.
There are two storey t-shaped wings for classrooms, with the gym and cafeteria in bumped out blocks. The building was constructed of orange-buff brick with contrasting brick in perpendicular bars on the fly over the auditorium stage. At Rideau the auditorium stage fly was decorated at the corners in contrasting brick. There were horizontal bands of windows in silver aluminum, which were retrofitted with tinted glass in brown anodyzed frames. An entrance forecourt is reached by a circular drive; the main door is through a vestibule set at an angle between a classroom wing and the cafeteria block. The school's most architecturally interesting feature is a smokestack with a heavy fire door at the base for cleaning out the ash and soot; the school was renovated in the early 1990s at the cost of several million dollars. Although the renovation project was a success that helped modernize the school, the capital investment upset many members of the OCDSB as the school was perceived to be declining in both student enrollment as well as student performance.
Many members of the OCDSB criticized the financial investment into the renovation project as they felt that the funds could be better used at other institutions. Rideau was a mixed stream school offering Academic and Essential level courses; the school had a significant English as a Second Language program, with 63.2% of the student population enrolled. Its specialization in ESL programs made it one of the most multicultural schools in the city in such programs. Rideau had programs for special needs students as well as a daycare for the children of young mother students and strong technological programming; the building/site is proposed to become a community hub. The school board published a business plan from November 2017, in January 2018 the provincial government announced funding support, with this description of the project: "This proposed community hub is a joint project between two community organizations focused on Indigenous and non-Indigenous services including: alternative secondary school, urban Indigenous healthy living, life-long care, programs such as those for homelessness and bail, community justice and wellness, cultural resources, a food bank, Indigenous job fair, housing, HIV/AIDS awareness and training, Inuit supports for students and youth.
Other community services will include: health, recreation, life-long learning, community engagement services." List of high schools in Ontario Keith, Janet. The Collegiate Institute Board of Ottawa: A Short History, 1843-1969. Ottawa: Kent, 1969. School Website Website 2006-2007 OCDSB School Profile 2005-2006 OCDSB School Profile 2004-2005 OCDSB School Profile
An arterial road or arterial thoroughfare is a high-capacity urban road. The primary function of an arterial road is to deliver traffic from collector roads to freeways or expressways, between urban centres at the highest level of service possible; as such, many arteries are feature restrictions on private access. Though the design of arterial roads varies from country to country, city to city, within cities, they share a number of common design characteristics. For example, in many cities, arteries are arranged in a grid. Many jurisdictions classify arterial roads as either principal or minor. In traffic engineering hierarchy, an arterial road delivers traffic between collector roads and freeways. For new arterial roads, intersections are reduced to increase traffic flow. In California, arterial roads are spaced every half mile, have intersecting collector and streets; some arterial roads, characterized by a small fraction of intersections and driveways compared to most arterial roads, are considered to be expressways in some countries and some states of the United States.
The Traffic Engineering Handbook describes "Arterials" as being either principal or minor. Both classes serve to carry longer-distance flows between important centers of activity. Arterials are laid out as the backbone of a traffic network and should be designed to afford the highest level of service, as is practical, as per the aforementioned "Traffic Engineering Handbook"; the construction and development of arterial roads is achieved through two methods. By far the most common is the upgrading of an existing right-of-way during subdivision development; when existing structures prohibit the widening of an existing road however, bypasses are constructed. Because of the placement and general continuity of arterial road corridors, water mains and other infrastructure are placed beneath or beside the roadbed. In North America, traffic signals are used at most intersections. In Europe, large roundabouts are more seen at the busier junctions. Speed limits are between 30 and 50 mph, depending on the density of use of the surrounding development.
In school zones, speeds may be further reduced. The width of arterial roads can range from four lanes to ten or more; some are divided at the center, while others share a common center lane, such as a contraflow lane or central turning lane. As with other roadway environmental consequences derive from arterial roadways, including air pollution generation, noise pollution and surface runoff of water pollutants. Air pollution generation from arterials can be rather concentrated, since traffic volumes can be high, traffic operating speeds are low to moderate. Sound levels can be considerable due to moderately high traffic volumes characteristic of arterials, due to considerable braking and acceleration that occur on arterials that are signalized. Grid plan The dictionary definition of arterial road at Wiktionary
Saint Laurent Boulevard
Saint Laurent Boulevard known as Saint Lawrence Boulevard is a major street in Montreal, Canada. A commercial artery and cultural heritage site, the street runs north-south through the near-centre of city and is nicknamed The Main, the abbreviation for "Main Street". Beginning at De la Commune Street at the edge of the Saint Lawrence River, it transects the Island of Montreal, passing through the boroughs of Ville-Marie, Le Plateau-Mont-Royal, Rosemont—La Petite-Patrie, Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension, Ahuntsic-Cartierville to Rue Somerville at the edge of the Rivière des Prairies – a total length of about 11.25 km. Saint Laurent Boulevard's cardinal direction, on a pseudo north-south axis deported to the west, aligned with the summer solstice's setting sun, was outlined by the Sulpicians towards the end of the XVII century; the first post-colonial landowners of the island preoccupied to develop a genuine urban cadastre on the Coteau Saint-Louis, built a small street, which they named Saint-Lambert, perpendicularly to Notre-Dame Street.
Saint-Lambert Street is identified on a plan drawn by François Dollier de Casson in 1672. In the early XVIII century, when the lords of Montreal decided to develop agricultural land further north on the island, they prolonged this little street to build a King's Way along the same axis and named it Chemin Saint-Laurent. Chemin Saint-Laurent became a boulevard in 1905 and is referred to as The Main, it serves as the city's physical division of west. Street numbers begin at Saint Lawrence and continue outward, with street names being suffixed by Ouest or Est, depending on their orientation; the boulevard traditionally divides Montreal by language and class. Saint Laurent Boulevard was for generations the symbolic dividing line for the city, with the predominantly English-speaking population to the west, French-speaking population to the east, immigrant communities in between along the Main and Park Avenue; the Main runs through many of Montreal's ethnic communities, a first stop for immigrant communities for over 100 years — Jewish and Italian, Portuguese, Arab and others.
In 2002 the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada named Saint Lawrence Boulevard as The Main National Historic Site of Canada. Minister of Heritage, Sheila Copps, speaking at the ceremony, said: "our country does not belong to just two founding peoples, it belongs to all Canadians. A first step toward a new story of Canada that includes all of our partners as equals." The Jewish community on the Main sprang up after the heavy immigration of the early to mid-1900s. Jewish settlement occurred first on the lower Main, in a section that now is part of Montreal's Chinatown. By 1871 a Jewish enclave numbering just over 400 people had formed by the corner of St. Lawrence and Dorchester Street, with the first Jewish educational institution, the Talmud Torah, located at the corner of Saint Urbain Street and De la Gauchetière Street. Middle-class members of the community were beginning to move up the Main towards Sherbrooke and Prince Arthur Streets, while further west, a small number of well-off Jews lived near McGill University.
The main axes of the Jewish quarter were Saint Laurent Boulevard, Clark Street, Saint Urbain Street, Esplanade Street and Park Avenue, Montreal. By the 1930s dozens of synagogues were in the area. Culinary landmarks on Saint Laurent that bear witness to this historic community include Schwartz's and Moishes Steakhouse. Yiddish was the common language in the Jewish district on Saint Laurent Boulevard, with many Jewish immigrants working in clothing factories, once the street's main industry. Overall, Montreal was the main destination for the 125,000 Jews who settled in Canada between 1905 and 1920, making the area a centre of Yiddish language and culture. Despite Canada's poor record of Jewish immigration between 1933 and 1948, Montreal became home to the world’s third-largest concentration of Holocaust survivors, most of them Yiddish speakers. Other cultural institutions such as the Jewish Public Library operated in more than one language. Montreal featured the fifth-largest population of Yiddish speakers in the Americas, after New York City, Philadelphia and Buenos Aires.
The district was home to the second-largest Yiddish theatre in North America from 1896 to the 1940s, with shows at vaudeville houses along the Main as well as the Monument-National, now a National Historic Site and part of the National Theatre School of Canada. The Main was a centre of Jewish publishing. In 1907 a young Polish Jewish immigrant, Hirsch Wolofsky, started the Yiddish-language daily newspaper Keneder Adler; the paper was published from an office on St. Lawrence near Ontario Street. However, when the Adler became successful, Wolofsky moved the paper to its own building at 4075 St. Lawrence, near Duluth Street; the paper would publish for more than 80 years. Today Wolofsky is remembered with a small park in his honour on Rue Coloniale, between Prince-Arthur and Sherbrooke; the poor Jewish quarter had a distinctly left-wing slant. Fred Rose represented the Main’s Cartier riding until 1947, when he was expelled from the House of Commons after a controversial conviction on charges of spying for the Soviet Union.
To this day the Main remains the only part of Canada represented in Parliament by an Communist MP. Area city councillor Joseph Schubert, a Romanian Jew, was a socialist and admirer of Karl Marx
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included, it is home to the nation's capital city and the nation's most populous city, Ontario's provincial capital. Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the east and northeast, to the south by the U. S. states of Minnesota, Ohio and New York. All of Ontario's 2,700 km border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system; these are the Rainy River, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St. Marys River, Lake Huron, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario.
There is only about 1 km of land border made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario; the great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation; the province is named after Lake Ontario, a term thought to be derived from Ontarí:io, a Huron word meaning "great lake", or skanadario, which means "beautiful water" in the Iroquoian languages. Ontario has about 250,000 freshwater lakes; the province consists of three main geographical regions: The thinly populated Canadian Shield in the northwestern and central portions, which comprises over half the land area of Ontario. Although this area does not support agriculture, it is rich in minerals and in part covered by the Central and Midwestern Canadian Shield forests, studded with lakes and rivers. Northern Ontario is subdivided into two sub-regions: Northeastern Ontario.
The unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands in the extreme north and northeast swampy and sparsely forested. Southern Ontario, further sub-divided into four regions. Despite the absence of any mountainous terrain in the province, there are large areas of uplands within the Canadian Shield which traverses the province from northwest to southeast and above the Niagara Escarpment which crosses the south; the highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres above sea level in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. In the south, elevations of over 500 m are surpassed near Collingwood, above the Blue Mountains in the Dundalk Highlands and in hilltops near the Madawaska River in Renfrew County; the Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province. The temperate and fertile Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Valley in the south is part of the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests ecoregion where the forest has now been replaced by agriculture and urban development. A well-known geographic feature is part of the Niagara Escarpment.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario. Northern Ontario occupies 87 percent of the surface area of the province. Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario, the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland. Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend farther. All are south of 42°N – farther south than the northern border of California; the climate of Ontario varies by location. It is affected by three air sources: cold, arctic air from the north; the effects of these major air masses on temperature and precipitation depend on latitude, proximity to major bodies of water and to a small extent, terrain relief. In general, most of Ontario's climate is classified as humid continental. Ontario has three main climatic regions; the surrounding Great Lakes influence the climatic region of southern Ontario. During the fall and winter months, heat stored from the lakes is released, moderating the climate near the shores of the lakes.
This gives some parts of southern Ontario milder winters than mid-continental areas at lower latitudes. Parts of Southwestern Ontario have a moderate humid continental climate, similar to that of the inland Mid-Atlantic states and the Great Lakes portion of the Midwestern United States; the region has warm to cold winters. Annual precipitation is well distributed throughout the year. Most of this region lies in the lee of the Great Lakes. In December 2010, the snowbelt set a new record when it was h
Royal Canadian Mounted Police
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police is the federal and national police force of Canada. The RCMP provides law enforcement at the federal level, it provides provincial policing in eight of Canada's provinces and local policing on contract basis in the three territories and more than 150 municipalities, 600 aboriginal communities, three international airports. The RCMP does not provide municipal policing in Ontario or Quebec; the Royal Canadian Mounted Police was formed in 1920 by the merger of the Royal Northwest Mounted Police, founded in 1873, the Dominion Police founded in 1868. The former was named the North West Mounted Police, was given the royal prefix by King Edward VII in 1904. Much of the present-day organization's symbolism has been inherited from its days as the NWMP and RNWMP, including the distinctive Red Serge uniform, paramilitary heritage, mythos as a frontier force; the RCMP-GRC wording is protected under the Trade-marks Act. Despite the name, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police is no longer an actual mounted police force, with horses only being used at ceremonial events.
The predecessor NWMP and RNWMP had relied on horses for transport for most of their history, though the RNWMP was switching to automobiles at the time of the merger. As Canada's national police force, the RCMP is responsible for enforcing federal laws throughout Canada while general law and order including the enforcement of the criminal code and applicable provincial legislation is constitutionally the responsibility of the provinces and territories. Larger cities may form their own municipal police departments; the two most populous provinces and Quebec, maintain provincial forces: the Ontario Provincial Police and Sûreté du Québec. The other eight provinces contract policing responsibilities to the RCMP; the RCMP provides front-line policing in those provinces under the direction of the provincial governments. When Newfoundland joined the confederation in 1949, the RCMP entered the province and absorbed the Newfoundland Ranger Force, which patrolled most of Newfoundland's rural areas; the Royal Newfoundland Constabulary patrols urban areas of the province.
In the territories, the RCMP is the sole territorial police force. Many municipalities throughout Canada contract to the RCMP. Thus, the RCMP polices at the federal and municipal level. In several areas of Canada, it is the only police force; the RCMP is responsible for an unusually large breadth of duties. Under their federal mandate, the RCMP police including Ontario and Quebec. Federal operations include: enforcing federal laws including commercial crime, drug trafficking, border integrity, organized crime, other related matters. Under provincial and municipal contracts the RCMP provides front-line policing in all areas outside of Ontario and Quebec that do not have an established local police force. There are detachments located in small villages in the far north, remote First Nations reserves, rural towns, but larger cities such as Surrey, British Columbia. There, support units investigate for their own detachments, smaller municipal police forces. Investigations include major crimes, forensic identification, collision forensics, police dogs, emergency response teams, explosives disposal, undercover operations.
Under its National Police Services branch the RCMP supports all police forces in Canada via the Canadian Police Information Centre, Criminal Intelligence Service Canada, Forensic Science and Identification Services, Canadian Firearms Program, the Canadian Police College. The RCMP Security Service was a specialized political intelligence and counterintelligence branch with national security responsibilities, replaced by the Canadian Security Intelligence Service in 1984, following revelations of illegal covert operations relating to the Quebec separatist movement. CSIS is its own entity. Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald first began planning a permanent force to patrol the North-West Territories after the Dominion of Canada purchased the territory from the Hudson's Bay Company. Reports from army officers surveying the territory led to the recommendation that a mounted force of between 100 to 150 mounted riflemen could maintain law and order; the Prime Minister first announced the force as the "North West Mounted Rifles".
However, officials in the United States raised concerns that an armed force along the border was a prelude to a military buildup. Macdonald renamed the force the North-West Mounted Police when formed in 1873; the force added "royal" to its name in 1904. It merged with the Dominion Police, the main police force for all points east of Manitoba, in 1920 and was renamed the "Royal Canadian Mounted Police"; the new organization was charged with federal law enforcement in all the provinces and territories, established its modern role as protector of Canadian national security, as well as assuming responsibility for national counterintelligence. As part of its national security and intelligence functions, the
Ontario Highway 416
King's Highway 416 referred to as Highway 416 and as the Veterans Memorial Highway, is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario that connects the Trans-Canada Highway in Ottawa with Highway 401 between Brockville and Cornwall. The 76.4-kilometre-long freeway acts as an important trade corridor from Interstate 81 between New York and Eastern Ontario via Highway 401, as well as the fastest link between Ottawa and Toronto. Highway 416 passes through a rural area, except near its northern terminus where it enters the suburbs of Ottawa; the freeway serves several communities along its length, notably Spencerville and Kemptville. Highway 416 had two distinct construction phases. Highway 416 "North" was the 21-kilometre segment starting from an interchange at Highway 417 and bypassing the original route of Highway 16 into Ottawa along a new right-of-way. Highway 416 "South" was the twinning of 57 kilometres of Highway 16 New—a two-lane expressway constructed throughout the 1970s and finished in 1983 that bypassed the original highway—and the construction of a new interchange with Highway 401.
Sections of both opened throughout the late 1990s. Highway 416 was commemorated as the Veterans Memorial Highway on the 54th anniversary of D-Day in 1998; the final link was opened by a World War I veteran and local officials on September 23, 1999. Highway 416 begins at an interchange with Highway 401, branching to the north near the community of Johnstown in the United Counties of Leeds and Grenville; this interchange only provides access to and from the west of Highway 401, but north of it, a second interchange with the remaining section of Highway 16 provides access from Johnstown and to a parclo interchange with both directions of Highway 401, as well as to the Ogdensburg-Prescott International Bridge crossing to Ogdensburg, New York. Proceeding north, the two carriageways of the freeway are separated by a 68-metre-wide forested median; the route is surrounded by thick forests for the next 10 kilometres. As it passes beneath Leeds and Grenville County Road 44, the original routing of Highway 16 south of Spencerville, it exits the forest and enters farm fields.
The route travels to the east of the community, access to, provided by an interchange at County Road 21, crosses a swamp and the South Nation River. Highway 416 crosses under the Prescott Highway a second time. South of the community of Kemptville, the Prescott Highway crosses the route a third time, with an interchange connecting the two highways; the freeway curves to the northeast, bypassing Kemptville and featuring an interchange with County Road 43. It crosses the line of the old Bytown and Prescott Railway curves to the northwest, providing an interchange with River Road. At the southeast corner of the River Road interchange is the Veterans Commemorative Park, dedicated in 2000 by the Royal Canadian Legion, it enters the City of Ottawa. Aside from the first couple of kilometres north of the Rideau River, the majority of the freeway cuts through swaths of farmland which fill the Ottawa Valley; the median becomes narrower. The freeway encounters an interchange with Dilworth Road and thereafter with Roger Stevens Drive, the latter providing access to North Gower.
Continuing north of Manotick through fields, Highway 416 is crossed by the Prescott Highway for the fourth and final time as that road turns northeast and travels into downtown Ottawa as Prince of Wales Drive. Shortly thereafter is an interchange with Brophy Drive / Bankfield Road. Approaching urban Ottawa, the route passes alongside a large quarry jogs to the west along an S-curve, crossing the Jock River in the process. After this, an interchange with Fallowfield Road provides access to the suburb of Barrhaven which occupies portions of the land east of the freeway; the route jogs back to the east along a second S-curve and passes through an aesthetically designed bridge while traveling alongside the Stony Swamp. The final section of Highway 416 travels parallel to Cedarview Road, relocated for the freeway; the Stony Swamp lies west of the route. At the northern end of the swamp is an interchange with West Hunt Club Road; the freeway continues through a section of greenspace before descending into a trench.
It passes beneath Bruin Road and the Ottawa Central Railway while traveling alongside Lynwood Village in Bells Corners. The highway is crossed by Richmond Road; the freeway ends at a large interchange with the Trans-Canada Highway, Highway 417, just south of the Lakeview and Bayshore communities on the Ottawa River. The Stony Swamp overpass at the southern entrance to Ottawa is a pre-tensioned concrete arch; the bridge acts as a gateway to the National Capital Region and is the longest rigid frame bridge in Ontario with a 59-metre-long span. In the same vicinity, the freeway sinks below ground level in a trench. At the Jock River, southwest of Barrhaven, deposits of sensitive leda clay presented a challenge in designing the crossing for the fr
Montreal Road is a major east-west Ottawa road that links Lowertown to Vanier, eastern neighbourhoods of Ottawa. Until downloading in 1998, it was part of the provincially managed Highway 17B. At its western end, Montreal Road begins at the Cummings Bridge, which spans the Rideau River and is an extension of Rideau Street, it becomes Vanier's main road. East of St. Laurent Boulevard, it becomes a four-lane principal road which divides several neighbourhoods such as Beacon Hill. At Regional Road 174, Montreal Road continues as St. Joseph Boulevard which runs through the older portions of Orléans Village until Trim Road, it continues east of Trim Road under the name Old Montreal Road. This road, known as Queen Street prior to amalgamation in 2001, goes through the old Cumberland Village and ends at Regional Road 174 just past Becketts Creek. Points of interest along this road are: Montfort Hospital National Research Council labs Greens Creek Conservation Area Place d'Orléans Shopping Centre Orléans Town Centre.
There are bus lanes between North River Road and St. Laurent Boulevard to speed transit service during rush hours. Future plans by the city could include an LRT corridor on this stretch all the way to Blair Road. Montreal Road goes through the following neighbourhoods: Vanier Cardinal Glen Rothwell Heights Beacon HillSt. Joseph Boulevard goes through the following neighbourhoods: Convent Glen Queenswood Fallingbrook On Montreal Road: Vanier Parkway St. Laurent Boulevard Aviation Parkway Blair Road Ogilvie Road Regional Road 174On St. Joseph Boulevard: Jeanne d'Arc Boulevard Orléans Boulevard Tenth Line Road Trim Road