Whiplash (2014 film)
Whiplash is a 2014 American drama film written and directed by Damien Chazelle. It depicts the relationship between an ambitious jazz drumming an abusive instructor. Paul Reiser and Melissa Benoist co-star. Whiplash premiered in competition at the 2014 Sundance Film Festival on January 16, 2014, as the festival's opening film. Sony Pictures Worldwide acquired the international distribution rights; the film opened in limited release domestically in the United States and Canada on October 10, 2014 expanding to over 500 screens and closing on March 26, 2015. The film grossed $49 million on a production budget of $3.3 million. The film received widespread critical acclaim, with particular praise for Simmons's performance and Chazelle's screenplay. At the 87th Academy Awards, Whiplash won Best Film Editing, Best Sound Mixing, Best Supporting Actor for Simmons, was nominated for Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Picture. Andrew Neiman is a first-year jazz student at the prestigious Shaffer Conservatory in New York City.
He has been playing drums from a young age, he aspires to become a world-class drummer like Buddy Rich. Famed conductor Terence Fletcher invites him into his Studio Band as the alternate for core drummer Carl Tanner. Fletcher is harsh on his students; when the band rehearses the Hank Levy piece "Whiplash" and Andrew struggles to keep the tempo, Fletcher hurls a chair at him, slaps him, berates him in front of the ensemble. At a jazz competition, Carl's folder is misplaced. Carl cannot play without it, Andrew tells Fletcher that he can perform "Whiplash" from memory. After a successful performance, Fletcher promotes Andrew to core drummer. Soon after, Fletcher recruits Ryan Connolly, the core drummer from Andrew's former lower-level ensemble within the conservatory. Andrew believes Connolly is a less talented drummer than him, is infuriated when Fletcher promotes Connolly to core. Determined to impress, Andrew practices until his hands bleed, he breaks up with his girlfriend Nicole to focus on his musical ambitions.
After a grueling five-hour audition with Fletcher and the other drummers in the class, in which Fletcher kicks furniture and screams at him, Andrew earns back the core spot. On the way to another competition, the bus Andrew is riding breaks down, he rents a car, but he arrives late realizes he left his drumsticks at the rental office. He races back to retrieve them, he crawls from the wreckage, runs back to the theater, arrives on stage bloody and injured. When he struggles to play "Caravan", faltering due to his injuries, Fletcher halts the performance and dismisses Andrew. Horrified and enraged at Fletcher's extreme lack of compassion, Andrew attacks Fletcher in front of the audience, after which he is dismissed from Shaffer Conservatory. At his father's request, Andrew meets a lawyer representing the parents of Sean Casey, Fletcher's former student, in an ethics complaint against Shaffer Conservatory. Contrary to Fletcher's prior claim that Sean died in a car crash, the lawyer explains that Sean hanged himself while Fletcher's student due to the latter's emotional and physical abuse.
Sean's parents want to see Fletcher forbidden from teaching again. Andrew agrees to testify as Fletcher is fired. Months Andrew has abandoned drumming and is working in a restaurant, he discovers Fletcher performing as a pianist in a combo at a jazz club. After the performance, Fletcher invites Andrew for a drink, he explains that he pushed his students so that they might become the next Louis Armstrong or Charlie Parker. Andrew accepts Fletcher's invitation to drum with his band at the JVC Jazz Festival, he invites Nicole to the performance. On stage, just before the performance begins, Fletcher reveals that he knows Andrew testified against him, starts the concert with a piece Andrew does not know. Andrew leaves the stage humiliated, but he returns, interrupts Fletcher by playing "Caravan", cues the band; as the piece ends and the lights go down, Andrew continues his solo. Fletcher begins to guide Andrew; as the solo ends, they share Fletcher cues the finale. While attending Princeton High School, writer-director Damien Chazelle was in a "very competitive" jazz band and drew on the dread he felt in those years.
He based the conductor, Terence Fletcher, on his former band instructor but "pushed it further", adding elements of Buddy Rich and other band leaders known for their harsh treatment. Chazelle said he wrote the film "initially in frustration" while trying to get his musical La La Land off the ground. Right of Way Films and Blumhouse Productions helped Chazelle turn 15 pages of his original screenplay into a short film starring Johnny Simmons as Neiman and J. K. Simmons as Fletcher; the 18-minute short film received acclaim after debuting at the 2013 Sundance Film Festival, winning the short film Jury Award for fiction, which attracted investors to produce the complete version of the script. The feature-length film was financed for $3.3 million by Bold Films. In August 2013, Miles Teller signed on to star in the role originated by Johnny Simmons. Principal photography began the following month, with filming taking place throughout Los Angeles, including the Hotel Barclay, Palace Theater, the Orpheum Theatre.
Early on, Chazelle gave J. K. Simmons direction that "I want you to take it past what you think the normal limit would be," telling him: "I don't want to see a human being on-screen any more. I want to see a monster, a gargoyle, an an
The Dark Knight (film)
The Dark Knight is a 2008 superhero film directed, co-produced, co-written by Christopher Nolan. Based on the DC Comics character Batman, the film is the second installment of Nolan's The Dark Knight Trilogy and a sequel to 2005's Batman Begins, starring an ensemble cast including Christian Bale, Michael Caine, Heath Ledger, Gary Oldman, Aaron Eckhart, Maggie Gyllenhaal and Morgan Freeman. In the film, Bruce Wayne / Batman, Police Lieutenant James Gordon and District Attorney Harvey Dent form an alliance to dismantle organized crime in Gotham City, but are menaced by an anarchistic mastermind known as the Joker, who seeks to undermine Batman's influence and turn the city to chaos. Nolan's inspiration for the film was the Joker's comic book debut in 1940, the 1988 graphic novel The Killing Joke, the 1996 series The Long Halloween, which retold Two-Face's origin; the "Dark Knight" nickname was first applied to Batman in Batman #1, in a story written by Bill Finger. The Dark Knight was filmed in Chicago, as well as in several other locations in the United States, the United Kingdom, Hong Kong.
Nolan used IMAX 70 mm film cameras to film some sequences, including the Joker's first appearance in the film. Warner Bros. created a viral marketing campaign for The Dark Knight, developing promotional websites and trailers highlighting screenshots of Ledger as the Joker. Ledger died on January 22, 2008, some months after the completed filming and six months before the film's release from a toxic combination of prescription drugs, leading to intense attention from the press and movie-going public. A co-production of the United States and the United Kingdom, The Dark Knight was released on July 18, 2008 in the United States and on July 25, 2008 in the United Kingdom. Film critics considered it one of the best films of its decade and one of the best superhero films of all time; the Dark Knight appeared on 287 critics' top ten lists, more than any other film of 2008 with the exception of WALL-E, more critics named The Dark Knight the best film released that year. With over $1 billion in revenue worldwide, it became the highest-grossing film of 2008 and is the 38th highest-grossing film of all time, unadjusted for inflation.
The film received eight Academy Award nominations. In 2016 it was voted 33rd among 100 films considered the best of the 21st century by 117 film critics from around the world; the Dark Knight Rises, the final film in the trilogy, was released on July 20, 2012. A gang of criminals rob a Gotham City mob bank, murdering each other for a higher share of the money until only the Joker remains, who escapes with the money. Batman, District Attorney Harvey Dent and Lieutenant Jim Gordon form an alliance to rid Gotham City of organized crime. Bruce Wayne believes that with Dent as Gotham's protector, he can retire from being Batman and lead a normal life with Rachel Dawes – though she and Dent are dating. Mob bosses Sal Maroni and the Chechen hold a videoconference with their corrupt accountant, who has taken their funds for safekeeping and fled to Hong Kong; the Joker interrupts the meeting to warn them that Batman is unhindered by the law, offers to kill him in exchange for half of their money. The mob bosses disagree, Gambol places a bounty on the Joker.
The Joker kills Gambol, taking over his gang. The mob decides to take the Joker up on his offer. Batman finds Lau in Hong Kong and brings him back to Gotham to testify, allowing Dent to apprehend the entire mob; the Joker threatens to kill people unless Batman reveals his identity, starts by murdering Police Commissioner Gillian B. Loeb and the judge presiding over the mob trial; the Joker tries to kill Mayor Anthony Garcia, but Gordon sacrifices himself to stop the assassination. Dent kidnaps one of Joker’s henchmen and threatens him with a deadly game of heads or tails using Dent's lucky coin. Dent learns. Bruce decides to reveal his secret identity to prevent more deaths. Before he can, Dent falsely announces that he is Batman. Dent is taken into protective custody. Batman comes to Dent's rescue and Gordon, who faked his death, apprehends the Joker, securing a promotion to Commissioner. Rachel and Dent are escorted away by detectives on Maroni's payroll. Batman interrogates the Joker, who reveals that they have been trapped in separate locations rigged with explosives and that Batman must choose one to save.
Batman races to save Rachel. Batman realizes that the Joker has sent him to Dent's location instead. Both buildings explode, disfiguring Dent; the Joker escapes with Lau. The Joker kills Lau and the Chechen. Coleman Reese, an accountant at Wayne Enterprises, deduces that Bruce is Batman and threatens to publicize the information. Not wanting Reese's revelation to interfere with his plans, the Joker threatens to destroy a hospital unless Reese is killed within an hour. All hospitals are evacuated and Gordon travels to secure Reese; the Joker, disguised as a hospital nurse, discovers Dent's ward and hands him a gun, convincing him to
The Departed is a 2006 American crime-thriller film directed by Martin Scorsese and written by William Monahan. It is a remake of the 2002 Hong Kong film Infernal Affairs; the film stars Leonardo DiCaprio, Matt Damon, Jack Nicholson, Mark Wahlberg, with Martin Sheen, Ray Winstone, Vera Farmiga, Anthony Anderson and Alec Baldwin in supporting roles. The film takes place in Boston. Irish Mob boss Francis "Frank" Costello plants Colin Sullivan as a mole within the Massachusetts State Police; when both sides realize the situation and Costigan each attempt to discover the other's identity before they are found out. The character of Colin Sullivan is loosely based on corrupt FBI agent John Connolly while the character of Frank Costello is based on gangster Whitey Bulger; the Departed was a critical and commercial success and won several awards, including four Oscars at the 79th Academy Awards, for Best Picture, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Film Editing. In South Boston some years ago, Colin Sullivan, a young boy, is introduced to organized crime by Irish-American mob boss Frank Costello in the Irish neighborhood.
Over the years, Costello grooms him to become a mole inside the Massachusetts State Police. Sullivan is accepted into the Special Investigations Unit. Before graduating from the state police academy, Billy Costigan is recruited by Captain Queenan and Staff Sergeant Dignam to go undercover, as his family ties to organized crime make him a perfect infiltrator, he drops out of the academy and serves time in prison on a fake assault charge to increase his credibility. Each man infiltrates his respective target organization. Sullivan begins a romance with police psychiatrist Madolyn Madden. Costigan sees her as a condition of his probation, they begin a relationship, too. After Costello escapes a sting operation, each mole becomes aware of the other's existence. Sullivan asks Costello for information to identify the informer. Costigan follows Costello into a porn theater, where Costello gives Sullivan an envelope containing personal information on his crew members. Costigan chases Sullivan through Chinatown.
When it is over, neither man knows the other's identity. Sullivan has Queenan tailed to a meeting with Costigan on the roof of an empty building. Queenan orders Costigan to flee. Queenan falls to his death; when they exit, Costigan pretends. During their escape from the police, crew member Delahunt is shot, he dies. Television news states that Delahunt had been an undercover cop, working for the Boston Police Department, but Costello does not believe the story, as he is too angry that the crew failed to properly dispose of the body. With Queenan's absence, Dignam resigns. Using Queenan's phone, Sullivan reaches Costigan. Sullivan learns from Queenan's diary of Costello's role as an informant for the FBI, causing him to worry about his own identity being revealed. With Costigan's help, Costello is traced to a cocaine drop-off, where a gunfight erupts between Costello's crew and the police. Most of the crew are killed. Costello, confronted by Sullivan, admits. Costello tries to shoot Sullivan to evade capture.
With Costello dead, Sullivan is applauded the next day by everyone on the force. In good faith, Costigan comes to Sullivan for restoration of his true identity and to be paid for his work, but notices the envelope from Costello on Sullivan's desk and flees—finally realizing Sullivan is the enemy. Fearing retaliation, Sullivan erases Costigan's records from the police computer system. Sullivan is unaware that Madolyn had an affair with Costigan when she tells Sullivan that she is pregnant with a son. Sullivan finds her listening to a CD from Costigan containing incriminating recorded conversations between Costello and Sullivan, she locks herself in their bedroom. Sullivan unsuccessfully attempts to assuage her suspicions, he contacts Costigan, who reveals that Costello had recorded each of their conversations and that his attorney arranged for Costigan to take possession of the recordings. With Costigan determined to implicate Sullivan, the two agree to meet at the building where Queenan died.
On the roof, Costigan catches handcuffs him. As Costigan had secretly arranged, Trooper Brown appears on the roof as well. Shocked, Brown draws his gun on Costigan, who attempts to justify his actions by exposing Sullivan as Costello's mole. Costigan leads his hostage, to the elevator; when it reaches the ground floor, Trooper Barrigan shoots Costigan in the head shoots Brown, afterward reveals to Sullivan that Costello had more than one mole in the police. Sullivan kills Barrigan. At state police headquarters, Sullivan identifies Barrigan as the mole and has Costigan posthumously given the Medal of Merit. At Costigan's funeral, Sullivan notices; as they leave the gravesite, Sullivan attempts to ask her about the baby. Sullivan returns from the grocery store to his apartment, only to be ambushed by Dignam who shoots and kills him as he enters. After Dignam leaves, a rat symbolically runs along the balcony railing. In January 2003, Warner Bros. producer Brad Grey, actor/producer Brad Pitt bou
The Aviator (2004 film)
The Aviator is a 2004 American epic biographical drama film directed by Martin Scorsese and written by John Logan. It stars Leonardo DiCaprio as Howard Hughes, Cate Blanchett as Katharine Hepburn, Kate Beckinsale as Ava Gardner; the supporting cast features Ian Holm, John C. Reilly, Alec Baldwin, Jude Law as Errol Flynn, Gwen Stefani as Jean Harlow, Kelli Garner as Faith Domergue, Matt Ross, Willem Dafoe, Alan Alda, Edward Herrmann. Based on the 1993 non-fiction book Howard Hughes: The Secret Life by Charles Higham, the film depicts the life of Howard Hughes, an aviation pioneer and director of Hell's Angels; the film portrays his life from 1927–1947 during which time Hughes became a successful film producer and an aviation magnate while growing more unstable due to severe obsessive–compulsive disorder. The Aviator was released in the United States on December 25, 2004; the film grossed $214 million at the box office. It was nominated for eleven Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, Best Original Screenplay, Best Actor in a Leading Role for DiCaprio, Best Actor in a Supporting Role for Alda, winning five: Best Cinematography, Best Film Editing, Best Costume Design, Best Art Direction, Best Actress in a Supporting Role for Cate Blanchett.
In 1913 Houston, as eight-year-old Howard Hughes' mother gives him a bath and teaches him how to spell "quarantine," she warns him about the recent cholera outbreak in Houston: "You are not safe." Fourteen years he begins to direct his film Hell's Angels, hires Noah Dietrich to manage the day-to-day operations of his business empire. After the release of The Jazz Singer, the first talking film, Hughes becomes obsessed with shooting his film realistically, decides to convert the movie to a sound film. Despite the film being a hit, Hughes remains unsatisfied with the end result and orders the film to be recut after its Hollywood premiere, he becomes romantically involved with actress Katharine Hepburn, who helps to ease the symptoms of his worsening obsessive-compulsive disorder. In 1935, Hughes test flies the H-1 Racer, pushing it to a new speed record, despite having to crash land into a beet field when the aircraft runs out of fuel. Three years he breaks the world record by flying around the world in four days.
He subsequently purchases majority interest in Western Air. Juan Trippe, company rival and chairman of Pan American World Airways, gets his crony, Senator Owen Brewster, to introduce the Community Airline Bill, which would give Pan Am exclusivity on international air travel. Hepburn grows tired of Hughes' eccentricity, leaves him for fellow actor Spencer Tracy. Hughes finds a new love interest with 15-year-old Faith Domergue, actress Ava Gardner. However, he still has feelings for Hepburn, bribes a reporter to keep reports about her and the married Tracy out of the press. In the mid 1940s, Hughes contracts two projects with the Army Air Forces for: a spy aircraft and a troop transport unit for use in World War II. In 1947, with the H-4 Hercules flying boat still in construction, Hughes finishes the XF-11 reconnaissance aircraft and takes it for a test flight. However, after an hour and forty-five minutes, one of the engines fails midflight, the aircraft crashes in Beverly Hills, with Hughes getting injured.
With the war being over for two years, the army cancels its order for the H-4 Hercules, although Hughes still continues the development with his own money. When he is discharged, he is informed that he must choose between funding the airlines or his "flying boat". Hughes orders Dietrich to mortgage the TWA assets; as his OCD worsens, Hughes becomes paranoid, planting microphones and tapping Gardner's phone lines to keep track of her, who kicks him out of her house. The FBI searches his home for incriminating evidence of war profiteering, searching his possessions and, to his horror, tracking dirt through his house. Senator Brewster offers to drop the charges if Hughes sells TWA to Trippe, but Hughes refuses. Hughes' OCD symptoms become extreme, he retreats into an isolated "germ-free zone" for three months. Trippe has Brewster summon him for a Senate investigation, certain. Gardner visits him and grooms and dresses him in preparation for the hearing, he asks her to marry him, she just laughs and says that he is "too crazy" for her.
An invigorated Hughes defends himself against Brewster's charges and accuses the senator of taking bribes from Trippe. Hughes concludes by announcing that he has committed to completing the H-4 aircraft, that he will leave the country if he cannot get it to fly. Brewster's bill is promptly defeated. After flying the aircraft, Hughes speaks with Dietrich and his engineer, Glenn Odekirk, about a new jetliner for TWA. However, the sight of men in germ-resistant suits causes Hughes to have a panic attack; as Odekirk hides him in a restroom while Dietrich fetches a doctor, Hughes begins to have flashbacks of his childhood, his love for aviation, his ambition for success, repeating the phrase, "the way of the future". Warren Beatty planned to star in a Hughes biopic in the early 1970s, he co-wrote the script with Bo Goldman after a proposed collaboration with Paul Schrader fell through. Goldman wrote his own script and Howard, which depicted Hughes' possible relationship with Melvin Dummar. Beatty's thoughts returned to the project over the years, in 1990 he approached Steven Spielberg to direct Goldman's script.
Beatty's Hughes biopic was released under the title Rules Don't Apply in 2016. Charles Evans, Jr. purchased the film rights of Howard Hughes: The Untold Story (ISBN 0-5
La La Land (film)
La La Land is a 2016 American romantic musical film written and directed by Damien Chazelle. It stars Ryan Gosling as a jazz pianist and Emma Stone as an aspiring actress, who meet and fall in love while pursuing their dreams in Los Angeles. Having been fond of musicals during his time as a drummer, Chazelle first conceptualised the film alongside Justin Hurwitz while attending Harvard University together. Moving to Los Angeles in 2010, Chazelle wrote the screenplay but did not find a studio willing to finance the production without changes to his design. Following the success of his 2014 film Whiplash, the project was picked up by Summit Entertainment. Filming took place in Los Angeles from August to September 2015, with the film's score composed by Hurwitz and the dance choreography by Mandy Moore. La La Land premiered at the 73rd Venice International Film Festival on August 31, 2016, was released in the United States on December 9, 2016, it grossed $446 million worldwide against a production budget of $30 million.
La La Land was critically praised for Chazelle's screenplay and direction and Stone's performances, musical score, musical numbers and production design. Both the American Film Institute and National Board of Review selected La La Land as one of the top ten films of 2016, it won a record-breaking seven awards from its seven nominations at the 74th Golden Globes and received eleven nominations at the 70th British Academy Film Awards, winning five awards, including Best Film. It received a record-tying fourteen nominations at the 89th Academy Awards, including Best Picture. While stuck in Los Angeles traffic, aspiring actress Mia Dolan has a moment of road rage with Sebastian Wilder, a struggling jazz pianist. After a bad day at work, Mia's subsequent audition goes poorly when the casting director takes a call in the middle of an emotional scene; that night, Mia's roommates take her to a lavish party in the Hollywood Hills, promising her that someone in the crowd could jump-start her career. During a gig at a restaurant, Sebastian slips into a jazz improvisation despite warnings from the owner to only play songs from a traditional Christmas setlist.
Mia overhears him playing. Moved, she enters the restaurant to witness Sebastian being fired for his disobedience; as he storms out, Mia attempts to compliment him. Months Mia runs into Sebastian at a party where he plays in a 1980s pop cover band. After the gig, the two walk to their cars and lament wasting a lovely night together despite the clear chemistry between them. Sebastian arrives at Mia's work, she shows him around the Warner Bros. backlot, where she works as a barista, while explaining her passion for acting. Sebastian takes Mia to a jazz club, describing his passion for jazz and his desire to open his own club. Sebastian invites Mia to a screening of Rebel Without a Cause. Bored with the latter date, she finds Sebastian as the film begins; the two conclude their evening with a visit to the Griffith Observatory. After more failed auditions, Mia decides, at Sebastian's suggestion. Sebastian begins to perform at a jazz club, the two move in together. Sebastian's former classmate Keith invites him to be the keyboardist in his jazz fusion band, where he will enjoy a steady income.
Although he is dismayed by the band's pop style, Sebastian signs after overhearing Mia trying to convince her mother that Sebastian is working on his career. The band finds success, but Mia attends one of their concerts and realizes that this is not the type of music Sebastian wants to perform. During the band's first tour and Sebastian get into an argument. Sebastian misses; the play is a disaster. Mia ends their relationship. Despondent and unable to pay the theater back, Mia moves back home to Nevada. Sebastian receives a call from a prominent casting director who attended Mia's play and wants to invite her to a film audition. Sebastian persuades Mia to attend. During the audition, Mia is asked to tell a story. Sebastian, encourages Mia to devote herself to film acting; the two profess they are uncertain of their future. Five years Mia is a famous actress and is married to another man, with whom she has a daughter. One night, the couple stumble upon a jazz bar. Noticing the "Seb's" logo she had once designed, Mia realizes.
When Sebastian notices Mia in the crowd, he plays their love theme on the piano, a dream sequence unfolds in which the two imagine what might have been had both their relationship and their careers thrived. Mia shares a poignant smile with Sebastian leaves with her husband. Cast list adapted from Fandango; as a drummer, Damien Chazelle has a predilection for musical films. He wrote the screenplay for La La Land in 2010, his idea was "to take the old musical but ground it in real life where things don't always work out," and to salute creative people who move to Los Angeles to chase their dreams. He conceived the film when he was a student at
Ray is a 2004 American biographical film focusing on 30 years in the life of rhythm and blues musician Ray Charles. The independently produced film was written and directed by Taylor Hackford, stars Jamie Foxx in the title role. Foxx received an Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance as well as the Golden Globe, BAFTA, Screen Actors Guild, Critics' Choice awards, becoming the second actor to win all five major lead actor awards for the same performance, the only one to win the Golden Globe in the Musical or Comedy category. Charles was set to attend an opening of the completed film, but died of liver disease in June 2004, several months before its premiere. Raised on a sharecropping plantation in Northern Florida, Ray Charles Robinson went blind at the age of seven, shortly after witnessing his younger brother drown. Inspired by a fiercely independent mother who insisted he make his own way in the world, Charles found his calling and his gift behind a piano keyboard. Touring across the chitlin circuit, the soulful singer gained a reputation before exploding onto the worldwide stage when he pioneered the incorporation of rhythm and blues and roll, country and orchestral influences into his inimitable style.
The film's production was financed by Philip Anschutz, through his Bristol Bay Productions company. Taylor Hackford said in a DVD bonus feature, it was made on a budget of $40 million. Charles was given a Braille copy of the film's original script. Ray debuted at the 2004 Toronto International Film Festival. Ray was released in theaters on October 29, 2004; the film went on to become a box-office hit, earning $75 million in the U. S. with an additional $50 million internationally, bringing its worldwide gross to $125 million. The film received positive reviews, with most of the praise going to Jamie Foxx's performance for which he was awarded the Academy Award for Best Actor while criticizing that the film suffered from a mediocre screenplay, buoyed by powerful performances; as of March 2014, Ray has a certified fresh rating of 81% based on 197 reviews at Rotten Tomatoes, with Critics Consensus say it's "An engrossing and energetic portrait of a great musician's achievements and foibles, Ray is anchored by Jamie Foxx's stunning performance as Ray Charles."According to music critic Robert Christgau, "Foxx does the impossible—radiates something approaching the charisma of the artist he's portraying... that's the only time an actor has brought a pop icon to life on-screen."
The film's credits state that Ray is based on true events, but includes some characters, names and events which have been changed and others which have been "fictionalized for dramatization purposes." Examples of the fictionalized scenes include: The film's portrayal of Charles' brother George's death in 1935 shows him drowning in a metal tub after Ray doesn't attempt to rescue him because he assumes he is just playing. Though George did drown in a metal tub, Ray did try to pull him out, but was unable to do so due to George's large body weight. Throughout the film, it is suggested that Ray's depression and heroin addiction were fueled by nervous breakdowns he had over the deaths of both George and his mother, as well as his blindness. In reality, the death of his mother did give him a nervous breakdown and was thought to be a leading cause of his depression, but the death of George and his blindness did not lead to nervous breakdowns, it is true that Charles kicked his heroin addiction after undergoing treatment in a psychiatric hospital during 1965, as stated towards the end of the film, but it is not mentioned that he would use gin and marijuana as substitutes for heroin throughout much of the remaining years of his life.
In the scene in which "What'd I Say" is being played, Charles is depicted as playing a Fender Rhodes electric piano, but in reality, he used a Wurlitzer electric piano on the original recording and begun using it on tour in 1956, because he didn't trust the tuning and quality of the pianos provided to him at every venue. In the film, when his backing singer and mistress Margie Hendricks informs Ray she is pregnant with his child, Ray suggests she should have an abortion, out of loyalty to Della. In reality, Hendricks did conceive a child with Charles and abandoned him after he refused to leave Della, but Charles never asked her to have an abortion, welcomed any child he conceived, whether from Della or any mistress, into his personal life. In the scene in which Charles is about to enter a segregated music hall in Augusta, Georgia, in 1962, a group of civil rights activists protesting just outside the hall persuade him not to perform. In reality, a group of civil rights activists did persuade Charles to reject this invitation, but the advice came in the form of a telegram rather than a street protest.
Up in the Air (2009 film)
Up in the Air is a 2009 American comedy-drama film directed by Jason Reitman and written by Reitman and Sheldon Turner, based on the 2001 novel of the same name, written by Walter Kirn. The story is centered on his travels. Vera Farmiga, Anna Kendrick, Danny McBride star. Filming was in St. Louis, which substituted for a number of other cities. Several scenes were filmed in Detroit, Las Vegas and Miami. Reitman promoted Up in the Air with personal appearances at film festivals and other showings, starting with the Telluride Film Festival on September 5, 2009; the Los Angeles premiere was at the Mann Village Theater on November 30, 2009. Paramount scheduled a limited North American release on December 4, 2009, broadening the release on December 11, 2009, with a wide release on December 23, 2009; the National Board of Review and the Washington D. C. Area Film Critics Association named Up in the Air the Best Picture of 2009, it received eight Critics' Choice Movie Awards nominations and garnered a win for Adapted Screenplay, six Golden Globe Award nominations, earning a win for Best Screenplay, three Screen Actors Guild nominations.
It received six Academy Award nominations and recognition from numerous critics' associations. Ryan Bingham works for a human resources consultancy firm which specializes in termination assistance, makes his living traveling to workplaces across the United States, conducting company layoffs and firings on behalf of employers, he gives motivational speeches, using the analogy "What's in Your Backpack?" to extol the virtues of a life free of burdensome relationships with people as well as things. A frequent flyer, Ryan has no fixed abode, relishes his travels, aspires to become the seventh and youngest person to earn ten million frequent flyer miles with American Airlines. During his travels, he meets another frequent flyer named Alex, they begin a casual relationship. Ryan is called back to his company's offices in Nebraska. Natalie Keener, a young and ambitious new hire, promotes a program designed to cut costs by conducting layoffs via videoconferencing. Ryan raises concerns that the program could be seen as detached and apathetic, arguing that Natalie knows nothing about the reality of the firing process or how to handle upset people.
He plays the role of a fired employee to demonstrate her inexperience. Ryan's boss assigns him to bring Natalie on his next round of terminations to show her the ropes; as they travel together, Natalie questions Ryan's philosophies on life on relationships and love, but Ryan is adamant that he is more than happy with his lifestyle. During the trip, Natalie is shattered when her boyfriend unceremoniously dumps her by text message, Ryan and Alex try to comfort her. On the test run, the earlier concerns Ryan raised prove valid. Another threatens to commit suicide. Natalie lectures Ryan about his refusal to consider a commitment to Alex in spite of their obvious compatibility, becomes infuriated. Instead of returning to Omaha, Ryan convinces Alex to accompany him to his younger sister's wedding, he learns that the reason the couple had him take photos of a cutout picture of them in various places was because they cannot afford a honeymoon. When the groom gets cold feet, Ryan's older sister talks Ryan into using his motivational skills to persuade the groom to go through with the wedding.
Although this runs counter to Ryan's personal philosophy, he argues that the important moments in life are unshared. The wedding proceeds without any further hitches. Ryan begins having second thoughts about his life and philosophies; as he starts delivering his "What's in Your Backpack?" Speech at a convention in Las Vegas, he realizes he no longer believes it, walks off the stage. On an impulse, he flies to Alex's home in Chicago; when she opens the door, Ryan is stunned to discover she is married and has children, leaves before her husband can suspect anything. She tells him over the phone that her family is her real life and he is an escape. On Ryan's flight home, the crew announces that he has just crossed the ten million mile mark, a small celebration is thrown; the airline's chief pilot comes out of the cockpit to meet Ryan. He notes; when asked where he is from, a disheartened Ryan can only respond, "here." Ryan calls the airline to transfer five hundred thousand miles each to his sister and brother-in-law, enough for them to fly around the world for their honeymoon.
His boss tells Ryan that a woman he and Natalie fired during their travels has killed herself, that an upset Natalie has quit via text message. The company puts the remote-layoff program on hold. Natalie applies for a job in San Francisco, where she was offered a job before following her now ex-boyfriend to Omaha; the interviewer is impressed by her qualifications and a glowing recommendation from Ryan, hires her. The film concludes with Ryan standing in front of a vast destination board, looking up, letting go of his luggage; the film has a thematic connection to the children's book The Velveteen Rabbit, which appears in the film, before the wedding. Reitman noted. In another sense, it's a movie about a man. In another sense, it's about a man who meets a woman who's so similar to him that though they both believe in the idea of living solo, they begin to fall in love. Reitman later stated t