Brokeback Mountain is a 2005 American romantic drama film directed by Ang Lee and produced by Diana Ossana and James Schamus. Adapted from the 1997 short story of the same name by Annie Proulx, the screenplay was written by Ossana and Larry McMurtry; the film stars Heath Ledger, Jake Gyllenhaal, Anne Hathaway, Michelle Williams, depicts the complex emotional and sexual relationship between Ennis Del Mar and Jack Twist in the American West from 1963 to 1983. The film received commercial success, it won the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival, Best Picture and Best Director at the British Academy Film Awards, Golden Globe Awards, Producers Guild of America Awards, Critics' Choice Movie Awards, Independent Spirit Awards, among others. The film was nominated for eight Academy Awards, the most nominations at the 78th Academy Awards, where it won three—Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Original Score—though it lost the Best Picture award to Crash in a controversial Oscars upset. In 2018, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant".
It is the most recent film chosen to be in the Registry. In 1963, Ennis Del Mar and Jack Twist are hired by Joe Aguirre to herd his sheep through the summer in the Wyoming mountains. After a night of heavy drinking, Jack makes a pass at Ennis, hesitant but responds to Jack's advances. Despite Ennis' telling Jack that it was a one-time incident, they develop a passionate sexual and emotional relationship. After Jack and Ennis part ways, Ennis marries his longtime fiancée Alma Beers and has two daughters with her. Jack returns the next summer seeking work, but Aguirre, who had observed Jack and Ennis on the mountain, refuses to rehire him. Jack moves to Texas, where he meets and has a son with rodeo rider Lureen Newsome. After four years, Jack visits Ennis. Upon meeting, the two kiss passionately, Alma inadvertently observes this. Jack broaches the subject of creating a life with Ennis on a small ranch, but Ennis, haunted by a childhood memory of the torture and murder of two men suspected of homosexual behavior, refuses.
He is unwilling to abandon his family. Ennis and Jack continue to meet for infrequent fishing trips as their respective marriages deteriorate. Lureen abandons the rodeo, expecting Jack to work in sales. Alma and Ennis divorce in 1975. Upon hearing about Ennis' divorce, Jack drives to Wyoming, he suggests again that they live together. Jack finds solace with male prostitutes in Mexico. Ennis sees his family until Alma confronts him about her knowing the true nature of his relationship with Jack; this results in a violent argument. Ennis has a brief romantic relationship with Cassie Cartwright, a waitress. Jack and Lureen meet and befriend another couple and Lashawn Malone, it is implied that Jack begins an affair with Randall, as Randall tells Jack his boss has a remote cabin that he can use anytime he wants and suggests they use it together sometime. At the end of a regular fishing trip with Jack, Ennis tries to delay their next meeting. Jack's frustration erupts into argument, Ennis blames Jack for being the cause of his own conflicted actions.
Ennis begins to cry. Jack tries to hold him and he momentarily objects. Jack watches; some time Ennis receives a postcard he had sent to Jack, stamped "Deceased". He calls Lureen; as she is speaking, Ennis imagines that Jack was beaten to death by a gang of thugs, the fate that Ennis feared. Lureen tells Ennis that Jack wanted to have his ashes scattered on Brokeback Mountain, but she does not know where it is. Ennis offers to take Jack's ashes to the mountain; the father refuses. Permitted by Jack's mother to see Jack's childhood bedroom, Ennis finds the bloodstained shirt he thought he had lost on Brokeback Mountain, he discovers. Ennis holds both shirts up to his face. Jack's mother lets him keep the shirts. 19-year-old Alma Jr. arrives at Ennis' trailer to tell her father she is engaged. She invites him to the wedding. Ennis asks her if her fiancé loves her, she replies, "Yes". After Alma Jr. leaves, Ennis goes to his closet, where his and Jack's shirts hang together, with a postcard of Brokeback Mountain tacked above them.
He stares at the ensemble for a moment, tears in his eyes, murmurs, "Jack, I swear..." Gus Van Sant attempted to adapt Proulx's story as a film, hoping to cast Matt Damon as Ennis and Joaquin Phoenix as Jack. Damon, who worked with Van Sant on Good Will Hunting, told the director, "Gus, I did a gay movie a cowboy movie. I can't follow it up with a gay-cowboy movie!" Van Sant went on to make the biographical film Milk, based on the life of gay rights activist and politician Harvey Milk. Joel Schumacher was linked with the project prior to Lee's involvement; when Ang Lee first heard of the story and screenplay, he attempted to get the film made as an independent producer. However, this did not work out and before Lee would take a break after finishing Hulk he got into contact with co-screenwriter and CEO of Focus Features, James Schamus to ask if the film was made. Ang Lee was considering retireme
Colin Andrew Firth is an English actor who has received an Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award, two BAFTA Awards, three Screen Actors Guild Awards, as well as the Volpi Cup for Best Actor at the Venice Film Festival. In 2010, Firth's portrayal of King George VI in Tom Hooper's The King's Speech won him the Academy Award for Best Actor. Identified in the late 1980s with the "Brit Pack" of rising, young British actors, it was not until his portrayal of Fitzwilliam Darcy in the 1995 television adaptation of Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice that he received more widespread attention; this led to roles in films, such as The English Patient, Bridget Jones's Diary, for which he was nominated for a BAFTA Award, Shakespeare in Love, Love Actually. In 2009, Firth received widespread critical acclaim for his leading role in A Single Man, for which he gained his first Academy Award nomination, won a BAFTA Award. In 2014, Firth portrayed secret agent Harry Hart in the film Kingsman: The Secret Service.
In 2018, he co-starred as William "Weatherall" Wilkins in the musical fantasy Mary Poppins Returns. His films have grossed more than $3 billion from 42 releases worldwide. In 2011, Firth received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, was selected as one of the Time 100, he was awarded an honorary degree from the University of Winchester in 2007, was made a Freeman of the City of London in 2012. He has campaigned for the rights of indigenous tribal people, is a member of Survival International. Firth has campaigned on issues of asylum seekers, refugees' rights, the environment, he commissioned and co-authored a scientific paper on a study into the differences in brain structure between people of differing political orientations. Firth was born in the village of Grayshott, Hampshire, to parents who were both academics and teachers, his mother, Shirley Jean, was a comparative religion lecturer at King Alfred's College, his father, David Norman Lewis Firth, was a history lecturer at King Alfred's and education officer for the Nigerian Government.
Firth is the eldest of three children. His maternal grandparents were Congregationalist ministers and his paternal grandfather was an Anglican priest; as a child, Firth travelled due to his parents' work, spending some years in Nigeria. He lived in St. Louis, when he was 11, which he has described as "a difficult time". On returning to England, he attended the Montgomery of Alamein Secondary School, which at the time was a state comprehensive school in Winchester, Hampshire, he was the target of bullying. To counter this, he adopted the local working class Hampshire accent and copied his schoolmates' lack of interest in schoolwork. By the time he was 14, Firth had decided to be a professional actor, having attended drama workshops from the age of 10; until further education, he was not academically inclined saying in an interview, "I didn't like school. I just thought it was boring and mediocre and nothing they taught me seemed to be of any interest at all." However, at Barton Peveril Sixth Form College in Eastleigh, he was imbued with a love of English literature by an enthusiastic teacher, Penny Edwards, has said that his two years at Barton Peveril were "among the two happiest years of my life".
After his sixth form years, Firth joined the National Youth Theatre. There, he made many contacts in the acting world, from which he got a job in the wardrobe department at the National Theatre. From there, he went on to study at Drama Centre London. Playing Hamlet in the Drama Centre end of year production, Firth was spotted by playwright Julian Mitchell, who cast him as the gay, ambitious public schoolboy Guy Bennett in the 1983 West End production of Another Country. In 1984, Firth made his film debut in the role of Tommy Judd, Guy Bennett's straight, Marxist school friend in the screen adaptation of the play; this was the start of longstanding public feud between Firth and Everett, resolved. He starred with Sir Laurence Olivier in Lost Empires, a TV adaptation of J. B. Priestley's novel. In 1987, Firth along with other up and coming British actors such as Tim Roth, Bruce Payne and Paul McGann were dubbed the'Brit Pack'; that same year, he appeared alongside Kenneth Branagh in the film version of J. L. Carr's A Month in the Country.
Sheila Johnston observed a theme in his early works of playing those traumatised by war. Firth portrayed real-life British soldier Robert Lawrence MC in the 1988 BBC dramatisation Tumbledown. Lawrence was injured at the Battle of Mount Tumbledown during the Falklands War, the film details his struggles to adjust to his disability whilst confronted with indifference from the government and the public; the film attracted controversy at the time, with criticism coming from left and right ends of the political spectrum. Firth's performance led to a Royal TV Society Best Actor Award and he was nominated for the 1989 BAFTA Television Award. In 1989, he played the title role based on Les Liaisons dangereuses; this did not make a big impact in comparison. The same year, he played a paranoid awkward character in Argentinian psychological thriller Apartment Zero. Firth became a household name through his role as the aloof and haughty aristocrat Mr. Darcy in the 1995 BBC television adaptation of Jane Austen's Pride and
Up in the Air (2009 film)
Up in the Air is a 2009 American comedy-drama film directed by Jason Reitman and written by Reitman and Sheldon Turner, based on the 2001 novel of the same name, written by Walter Kirn. The story is centered on his travels. Vera Farmiga, Anna Kendrick, Danny McBride star. Filming was in St. Louis, which substituted for a number of other cities. Several scenes were filmed in Detroit, Las Vegas and Miami. Reitman promoted Up in the Air with personal appearances at film festivals and other showings, starting with the Telluride Film Festival on September 5, 2009; the Los Angeles premiere was at the Mann Village Theater on November 30, 2009. Paramount scheduled a limited North American release on December 4, 2009, broadening the release on December 11, 2009, with a wide release on December 23, 2009; the National Board of Review and the Washington D. C. Area Film Critics Association named Up in the Air the Best Picture of 2009, it received eight Critics' Choice Movie Awards nominations and garnered a win for Adapted Screenplay, six Golden Globe Award nominations, earning a win for Best Screenplay, three Screen Actors Guild nominations.
It received six Academy Award nominations and recognition from numerous critics' associations. Ryan Bingham works for a human resources consultancy firm which specializes in termination assistance, makes his living traveling to workplaces across the United States, conducting company layoffs and firings on behalf of employers, he gives motivational speeches, using the analogy "What's in Your Backpack?" to extol the virtues of a life free of burdensome relationships with people as well as things. A frequent flyer, Ryan has no fixed abode, relishes his travels, aspires to become the seventh and youngest person to earn ten million frequent flyer miles with American Airlines. During his travels, he meets another frequent flyer named Alex, they begin a casual relationship. Ryan is called back to his company's offices in Nebraska. Natalie Keener, a young and ambitious new hire, promotes a program designed to cut costs by conducting layoffs via videoconferencing. Ryan raises concerns that the program could be seen as detached and apathetic, arguing that Natalie knows nothing about the reality of the firing process or how to handle upset people.
He plays the role of a fired employee to demonstrate her inexperience. Ryan's boss assigns him to bring Natalie on his next round of terminations to show her the ropes; as they travel together, Natalie questions Ryan's philosophies on life on relationships and love, but Ryan is adamant that he is more than happy with his lifestyle. During the trip, Natalie is shattered when her boyfriend unceremoniously dumps her by text message, Ryan and Alex try to comfort her. On the test run, the earlier concerns Ryan raised prove valid. Another threatens to commit suicide. Natalie lectures Ryan about his refusal to consider a commitment to Alex in spite of their obvious compatibility, becomes infuriated. Instead of returning to Omaha, Ryan convinces Alex to accompany him to his younger sister's wedding, he learns that the reason the couple had him take photos of a cutout picture of them in various places was because they cannot afford a honeymoon. When the groom gets cold feet, Ryan's older sister talks Ryan into using his motivational skills to persuade the groom to go through with the wedding.
Although this runs counter to Ryan's personal philosophy, he argues that the important moments in life are unshared. The wedding proceeds without any further hitches. Ryan begins having second thoughts about his life and philosophies; as he starts delivering his "What's in Your Backpack?" Speech at a convention in Las Vegas, he realizes he no longer believes it, walks off the stage. On an impulse, he flies to Alex's home in Chicago; when she opens the door, Ryan is stunned to discover she is married and has children, leaves before her husband can suspect anything. She tells him over the phone that her family is her real life and he is an escape. On Ryan's flight home, the crew announces that he has just crossed the ten million mile mark, a small celebration is thrown; the airline's chief pilot comes out of the cockpit to meet Ryan. He notes; when asked where he is from, a disheartened Ryan can only respond, "here." Ryan calls the airline to transfer five hundred thousand miles each to his sister and brother-in-law, enough for them to fly around the world for their honeymoon.
His boss tells Ryan that a woman he and Natalie fired during their travels has killed herself, that an upset Natalie has quit via text message. The company puts the remote-layoff program on hold. Natalie applies for a job in San Francisco, where she was offered a job before following her now ex-boyfriend to Omaha; the interviewer is impressed by her qualifications and a glowing recommendation from Ryan, hires her. The film concludes with Ryan standing in front of a vast destination board, looking up, letting go of his luggage; the film has a thematic connection to the children's book The Velveteen Rabbit, which appears in the film, before the wedding. Reitman noted. In another sense, it's a movie about a man. In another sense, it's about a man who meets a woman who's so similar to him that though they both believe in the idea of living solo, they begin to fall in love. Reitman later stated t
Sir Daniel Michael Blake Day-Lewis is a retired English actor who holds both British and Irish citizenship. Born and raised in London, he excelled on stage at the National Youth Theatre, before being accepted at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School, which he attended for three years. Day-Lewis has been hailed by many as one of the greatest and most respected actors of his generation, one of the greatest actors of all time. Despite his traditional training at the Bristol Old Vic, Day-Lewis is considered a method actor, known for his constant devotion to and research of his roles. Displaying a “mercurial intensity“, he would remain in character throughout the shooting schedules of his films to the point of adversely affecting his health, he is one of the most selective actors in the film industry, having starred in only six films since 1998, with as many as five years between roles. Protective of his private life, he gives interviews, makes few public appearances. In June 2014, he received a knighthood for services to drama.
Day-Lewis announced his retirement in 2017, following the completion of his starring role in Phantom Thread. Day-Lewis shifted between theatre and film for most of the early 1980s, joining the Royal Shakespeare Company and playing Romeo in Romeo and Juliet and Flute in A Midsummer Night's Dream, before appearing in the 1984 film The Bounty, he starred in My Beautiful Laundrette, his first critically acclaimed role, gained further public notice with A Room with a View. He assumed leading man status with The Unbearable Lightness of Being. Day-Lewis has earned numerous awards throughout his career; those awards include Academy Awards for Best Actor for his performances in My Left Foot, There Will Be Blood, Lincoln making him the only male actor in history to have three wins in the Best Actor category and one of only three male actors to win three Oscars. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for his work in In the Name of the Father, Gangs of New York, Phantom Thread. Day-Lewis has won four BAFTA Awards for Best Actor, three Screen Actors Guild Awards, two Golden Globe Awards.
Daniel Michael Blake Day-Lewis was born in Kensington, the second child of poet Cecil Day-Lewis and his second wife, actress Jill Balcon. His older sister, Tamasin Day-Lewis, is a television food critic, his father, born in the Irish town of Ballintubbert, County Laois, was of Protestant Anglo-Irish descent, lived in England from the age of two, was appointed Poet Laureate of the United Kingdom. Daniel's mother was Jewish. Day-Lewis' maternal grandfather, Sir Michael Balcon, became the head of Ealing Studios, helping develop the new British film industry. Two years after Day-Lewis' birth, he moved with his family to Crooms Hill in Greenwich via Port Clarence Middlesbrough, he and his older sister did not see much of their older two half-brothers, teenagers when Day-Lewis' father divorced their mother. Living in Greenwich, Day-Lewis had to deal with tough South London children. Identified as Jewish and "posh", he was bullied, he mastered the local accent and mannerisms, credits that as being his first convincing performance.
In life, he has been known to speak of himself as much a disorderly character in his younger years in trouble for shoplifting and other petty crimes. In 1968, Day-Lewis' parents, finding his behaviour to be too wild, sent him as a boarder to the independent Sevenoaks School in Kent. At the school, he was introduced to his three most prominent interests: woodworking and fishing. However, his disdain for the school grew, after two years at Sevenoaks, he was transferred to another independent school, Bedales in Petersfield, Hampshire, his sister was a student there, it had a more relaxed and creative ethos. He made his film debut at the age of 14 in Sunday Bloody Sunday, in which he played a vandal in an uncredited role, he described the experience as "heaven" for getting paid £2 to vandalise expensive cars parked outside his local church. For a few weeks in 1972, the Day-Lewis family lived at Lemmons, the north London home of Kingsley Amis and Elizabeth Jane Howard. Day-Lewis' father had pancreatic cancer, Howard invited the family to Lemmons as a place they could use to rest and recuperate.
His father died there in May that year. By the time he left Bedales in 1975, Day-Lewis' unruly attitude had diminished and he needed to make a career choice. Although he had excelled on stage at the National Youth Theatre in London, he applied for a five-year apprenticeship as a cabinet-maker, he was rejected due to lack of experience. He was accepted at the Bristol Old Vic Theatre School, which he attended for three years along with Miranda Richardson performing at the Bristol Old Vic itself. At one point he played understudy to Pete Postlethwaite, with whom he would co-star in the film In the Name of the Father. John Hartoch, Day-Lewis' acting teacher at Bristol Old Vic, recalled: There was something about him then, he was quiet and polite, but he was focused on his acting—he had a burning quality. He seemed to have something burning beneath the surface. There was a lot going on beneath that quiet appearance. There was one performance in particular, when the students put on a play called Class Energy, when he seemed to shine—and it became obvious to us, the staff, that we had someone rather special on our hands.
During the early 1980s, Day-Lewis worked in theatre and television, including Frost
Heath Andrew Ledger was an Australian actor and music video director. After performing roles in several Australian television and film productions during the 1990s, Ledger left for the United States in 1998 to further develop his film career, his work comprised nineteen films, including 10 Things I Hate About You, The Patriot, A Knight's Tale, Monster's Ball, Lords of Dogtown, Brokeback Mountain, The Dark Knight, The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus, the latter two being posthumous releases. He produced and directed music videos and aspired to be a film director. For his portrayal of Ennis Del Mar in Brokeback Mountain, Ledger won the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actor and the Best International Actor Award from the Australian Film Institute, he was nominated for the BAFTA Award for Best Actor in a Leading Role and the Academy Award for Best Actor. Posthumously, he shared the 2007 Independent Spirit Robert Altman Award with the rest of the ensemble cast, the director, the casting director for the film I'm Not There, inspired by the life and songs of American singer-songwriter Bob Dylan.
In the film, Ledger portrayed a fictional actor named Robbie Clark, one of six characters embodying aspects of Dylan's life and persona. Ledger died on 22 January 2008 due to accidental intoxication from prescription drugs. A few months before his death, Ledger had finished filming his performance as the Joker in The Dark Knight, his death occurred during editing of The Dark Knight and in the midst of filming his last role as Tony in The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus. His untimely death cast a shadow over the subsequent promotion of The Dark Knight. Ledger received numerous posthumous accolades for his critically acclaimed performance in The Dark Knight, including the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, a Best Actor International Award at the 2008 Australian Film Institute Awards, the 2008 Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actor, the 2009 Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor – Motion Picture, the 2009 BAFTA Award for Best Supporting Actor. Ledger was born in Perth, Western Australia, the son of Sally Ledger, a French teacher, Kim Ledger, a racing car driver and mining engineer whose family established and owned the Ledger Engineering Foundry.
The Sir Frank Ledger Charitable Trust is named after his great-grandfather. He had English and Scottish ancestry. Ledger attended Mary's Mount Primary School in Gooseberry Hill, Guildford Grammar School, where he had his first acting experiences, starring in a school production as Peter Pan at the age of 13, his parents separated when he was 10 and divorced when he was 11. Ledger's older sister Kate, an actress and a publicist, to whom he was close, inspired his acting on stage, his love of Gene Kelly inspired his successful choreography, leading to Guildford Grammar's 60-member team's "first all-boy victory" at the Rock Eisteddfod Challenge. Ledger's two half-sisters are Ashleigh Bell, his mother's daughter with her second husband and his stepfather Roger Bell, Olivia Ledger, his father's daughter with second wife and his stepmother Emma Brown. After sitting for early graduation exams at age 17, Ledger left school to pursue an acting career. With Trevor DiCarlo, his best friend since he was three years old, Ledger drove across Australia from Perth to Sydney, returning to Perth to take a small role in Clowning Around, the first part of a two-part television series, to work on the TV series Sweat, in which he played a gay cyclist.
From 1993 to 1997, Ledger had parts in the Perth television series Ship to Shore. In 1999, he starred in the teen comedy 10 Things I Hate About You and in the acclaimed Australian crime film Two Hands, directed by Gregor Jordan. From 2000 to 2005, he starred in supporting roles as Gabriel Martin, the eldest son of Benjamin Martin, in The Patriot, as Sonny Grotowski, the son of Hank Grotowski, in Monster's Ball. In 2001, he won a ShoWest Award as "Male Star of Tomorrow". Ledger received "Best Actor of 2005" awards from both the New York Film Critics Circle and the San Francisco Film Critics Circle for his performance in Brokeback Mountain, in which he plays Wyoming ranch hand Ennis Del Mar, who has a love affair with aspiring rodeo rider Jack Twist, played by Jake Gyllenhaal, he received a nomination for Golden Globe Best Actor in a Drama and a nomination for Academy Award for Best Actor for this performance, making him, at age 26, the ninth-youngest nominee for a Best Actor Oscar. In The New York Times review of the film, critic Stephen Holden writes: "Both Mr. Ledger and Mr. Gyllenhaal make this anguished love story physically palpable.
Mr. Ledger magically and mysteriously disappears beneath the skin of his sinewy character, it is a great screen performance, as good as the best of Marlon Brando and Sean Penn." In a review in Rolling Stone, Peter Travers states: "Ledger's magnificent performance is an acting miracle. He seems to tear it from his insides. Ledger doesn't just know how Ennis moves and listens. To see him inhale the scent of a shirt hanging in Jack's closet is to take measure of the
Idi Amin Dada Oumee (. He served as the President of Uganda from 1971 to 1979. Amin was born either in Kampala to a Kakwa father and Lugbara mother. In 1946, he joined the King's African Rifles of the British Colonial Army as a cook, he rose to the rank of lieutenant, taking part in British actions against Somali rebels in the Shifta War and the Mau Mau rebels in Kenya. Uganda gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1962, Amin remained in the armed forces, rising to the position of major and being appointed Commander of the Army in 1965, he became aware that Ugandan President Milton Obote was planning to arrest him for misappropriating army funds, so he launched a military coup in 1971 and declared himself President. During his years in power, Amin shifted from being a pro-western ruler enjoying considerable support from Israel to being backed by Libya's Muammar Gaddafi, Zaire's Mobutu Sese Seko, the Soviet Union, East Germany. In 1975, Amin became the chairman of the Organisation of African Unity, a Pan-Africanist group designed to promote solidarity among African states.
Uganda was a member of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights from 1977 to 1979. The UK broke diplomatic relations with Uganda in 1977, Amin declared that he had defeated the British and added "CBE" to his title for "Conqueror of the British Empire". Radio Uganda announced his entire title: "His Excellency President for Life, Field Marshal Alhaji Dr. Idi Amin Dada, VC, DSO, MC, CBE"; as Amin's rule progressed into the late 1970s, there was increased unrest against his persecution of certain ethnic groups and political dissidents, along with Uganda's poor international standing due to Amin's support for the terrorist hijackers in Operation Entebbe. He attempted to annex Tanzania's Kagera Region in 1978, so Tanzanian president Julius Nyerere had his troops invade Uganda. Amin went into exile, first in Libya and in Saudi Arabia, where he lived until his death on 16 August 2003. Amin's rule was characterized by rampant human rights abuses, political repression, ethnic persecution, extrajudicial killings, nepotism and gross economic mismanagement.
International observers and human rights groups estimate that between 100,000 and 500,000 people were killed under his regime. Amin did not write an autobiography, he did not authorize an official written account of his life. There are discrepancies regarding where he was born. Most biographical sources claim that he was born in either Koboko or Kampala around 1925. Other unconfirmed sources state Amin's year of birth from as early as 1923 to as late as 1928. Amin's son Hussein has stated that his father was born in Kampala in 1928. According to Fred Guweddeko, a researcher at Makerere University, Amin was the son of Andreas Nyabire. Nyabire, a member of the Kakwa ethnic group, converted from Roman Catholicism to Islam in 1910 and changed his name to Amin Dada, he named his first-born son after himself. Abandoned by his father at a young age, Idi Amin grew up with his mother's family in a rural farming town in north-western Uganda. Guweddeko states that Amin's mother was Assa Aatte, an ethnic Lugbara and a traditional herbalist who treated members of Buganda royalty, among others.
Amin joined an Islamic school in Bombo in 1941. After a few years, he left school with only a fourth-grade English-language education, did odd jobs before being recruited to the army by a British colonial army officer. Amin joined the King's African Rifles of the British Colonial Army in 1946 as an assistant cook. In life, he falsely claimed he was forced to join the armies during World War II and that he served in the Burma Campaign, he was transferred to Kenya for infantry service as a private in 1947, served in the 21st KAR infantry battalion in Gilgil, Kenya until 1949. That year, his unit was deployed to northern Kenya to fight against Somali rebels in the Shifta War. In 1952, his brigade was deployed against the Mau Mau rebels in Kenya, he was promoted to corporal the same year to sergeant in 1953. In 1959, Amin was made Afande, the highest rank possible for a black African in the colonial British Army of that time. Amin returned to Uganda the same year and, in 1961, he was promoted to lieutenant, becoming one of the first two Ugandans to become commissioned officers.
He was assigned to quell the cattle rustling between Kenya's Turkana nomads. In 1962, following Uganda's independence from the United Kingdom, Amin was promoted to captain and in 1963, to major, he was appointed Deputy Commander of the Army in 1964 and, the following year, to Commander of the Army. In 1970, he was promoted to commander of all the armed forces. Amin was an athlete during his time in both the Ugandan army. At 193 cm tall and powerfully built, he was the Ugandan light heavyweight boxing champion from 1951 to 1960, as well as a swimmer. Amin was a formidable rugby forward, although one officer said of him: "Idi Amin is a splendid type and a good player, but bone from the neck up, needs things explained in words of one letter". In the 1950s, he played for Nile RFC. There is a repeated urban myth that he was selected as a replacement by the East Africa rugby union team for their 1955 match against the British Lions. Amin, does not appear in the team photograph or on the official team list.
Following conversations with a colleague in the British Army, Amin became a keen fan of Hayes Football Club – an affection that remained for the rest of his life. In 1965, Prime Minister Milton Obote and Amin were implicated in a deal to smuggle ivor
Leonardo Wilhelm DiCaprio is an American actor and film producer. He has been nominated for six Academy Awards, four British Academy Film Awards and nine Screen Actors Guild Awards, winning one of each award from them and three Golden Globe Awards from eleven nominations. DiCaprio began his career by appearing in television commercials in the late 1980s, he next had recurring roles in various television series, such as the soap opera Santa Barbara and the sitcom Growing Pains. He debuted in his film career by starring as Josh in Critters 3, he starred in the film adaptation of the memoir This Boy's Life, received acclaim and his first Academy Award nomination for his supporting role in What's Eating Gilbert Grape. He gained public recognition with leading roles in The Basketball Diaries and the romantic drama Romeo + Juliet, he achieved international fame as a star in James Cameron's epic romance Titanic, which became the highest-grossing film of all time to that point. Since 2000, DiCaprio has received critical acclaim for his work in a wide range of film genres.
DiCaprio's subsequent films include The Man in the Iron Mask, the biographical crime drama Catch Me If You Can, the epic historical drama Gangs of New York, which marked his first of many collaborations with director Martin Scorsese. He was acclaimed for his performances in the political war thriller Blood Diamond, the neo-noir crime drama The Departed, the espionage thriller Body of Lies, the drama Revolutionary Road, the psychological thriller Shutter Island, the science fiction thriller Inception, the biographical film J. Edgar, the western Django Unchained, the period drama The Great Gatsby. DiCaprio's portrayals of Howard Hughes in The Aviator and Hugh Glass in The Revenant won him the Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama, his performance as Jordan Belfort in The Wolf of Wall Street won him the Golden Globe award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy. He won the Academy Award and BAFTA Award for Best Actor for his performance in The Revenant. DiCaprio is the founder of Appian Way Productions.
Leonardo Wilhelm DiCaprio was born on November 1974, in Los Angeles. He is the only child of Irmelin, a legal secretary, George DiCaprio, an underground comix artist and producer and distributor of comic books. DiCaprio's father is of German descent. DiCaprio's maternal grandfather, Wilhelm Indenbirken, was German, his maternal grandmother, Helene Indenbirken, was a Russian-born German citizen. In an interview in Russia, DiCaprio referred to himself as "half-Russian" and said that two of his late grandparents were Russian. DiCaprio's parents met while subsequently moved to Los Angeles, California. DiCaprio was named Leonardo because his pregnant mother was looking at a Leonardo da Vinci painting in the Uffizi museum in Florence, when he first kicked, his parents separated when he was a year old, he lived with his mother. The two lived in several Los Angeles neighborhoods, such as Echo Park and Los Feliz, while his mother worked several jobs. DiCaprio attended Seeds Elementary School and John Marshall High School a few blocks away, after attending the Los Angeles Center for Enriched Studies for four years.
He dropped out of high school following his third year earning his general equivalency diploma. DiCaprio spent part of his childhood in Germany with his maternal grandparents and Helene, he is conversant in Italian. In 1979, DiCaprio was removed, at the age of five, from the set of the children's television series Romper Room for being disruptive, he began his career by appearing in several commercials and educational films, following his older stepbrother Adam Farrar into television commercials, landing an ad at age 14 for Matchbox cars by Mattel, which he considered his first role. Throughout his teens he was seen in commercials for Kraft Foods, Bubble Yum, Apple Jacks, many more. In 1989, he played. In 1990, he started acting on television; this started with a role in the pilot of The Outsiders, one episode of the soap opera Santa Barbara, playing the young Mason Capwell. That same year, DiCaprio got a break on television. A series based on a successful comedy film by the same name, his works that year earned him two nomination at the Young Artist Award in Best Young Actor in a Daytime Series and Best Young Actor Starring in a New Television Series.
DiCaprio was a celebrity contestant on the children's game show Fun House. One of the stunts he performed on the show was going fishing in a small pool of water by catching the fish only with his teeth. In 1991, he played an un-credited role in one episode of Roseanne; that year, DiCaprio's debut film role was in the comedic science fiction horror film Critters 3, in which he played the stepson of an evil landlord, a role that DiCaprio described as "your average, no-depth, standard kid with blond hair." Released in March that year, the movie went direct-to-video. Shortly after, he became a recurring cast member on the successful ABC sitcom Growing Pains, playing Luke Brower, a homeless boy, taken in by the Seaver family. DiCaprio was nominated for the Young Artist Award for Best Young Actor Co-starring in a Television Series. In 1992, alongside Drew Barrymore, Sara Gilbert, Tom Skerritt, an