Nine Views is an ambiental installation in Zagreb, Croatia which, together with the sculpture Prizemljeno Sunce, makes up a consistent model of the Solar System. Prizemljeno Sunce by Ivan Kožarić was first displayed in 1971 by the building of the Croatian National Theatre, since 1994 it has been situated in the Bogovićeva Street. It is simply a sphere around 2 metres in diameter. The models sizes as well as their distances from the Prizemljeno Sunce are all in the scale as the Prizemljeno Sunce itself. Preis did this installation with very little or no publicity, so his installation isnt well known citizens of Zagreb. On a few individuals or small groups of people, particularly physics students. One of the earliest efforts to all of the planets was started in November 2004 on the web forum of the student section of Croatian Physics Society. Earths model is about 1.9 cm in size and at 225 m distance from the suns model, while Plutos model is 7.7 km away from it
Zagreb rocket attacks
The attack killed seven and wounded over 200 Croatian civilians and was carried out on 2 May and 3 May 1995 as retaliation for the Croatian armys offensive in Operation Flash. The rocket attacks deliberately targeted civilian locations, Zagreb was the largest of several cities hit by the attack. It was the instance in the entire war in Croatia that cluster bombs were used in combat. The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia characterized the attack as a crime against humanity, during the early part of the war, the Croatian capital Zagreb was spared from devastation, as it was far from the frontlines. In May 1995 Croatia launched Operation Flash, which recaptured the area of western Slavonia that had been under Serb control since 1991, in neighboring Bosnia, the leader of the Republika Srpska, Radovan Karadžić, threatened to send help to the Serbs in Croatia. Karlovac and Sisak were subjected to retaliatory attacks, the Yugoslav-produced Orkan 262 mm Multiple rocket launchers fires M-87 non-guided missiles.
The ones fired against Zagreb were armed with cluster bomb warheads. Upon impact, each bomblet explodes and releases 420 pellets, the range of each of which is ten meters. This means that each rocket releases around 120,000 of these pellets, on 1 May, a meeting was held between leaders of the RSK. Although negotiations were on-going, Martić and Čeleketić were not in favor of a peaceful solution, at 1 pm on 1 May, Milan Čeleketić ordered, with Martić present, an artillery barrage on Sisak which was opened at 5 pm that day. On the same day, an M-87 Orkan rocket artillery unit from Knin was redeployed to Vojnić, the first attack occurred on 2 May, at 10,25 in the morning. At the time, many civilians were in the streets, the targets hit included the Strossmayer promenade, Petrinjska street and Vlaška street where a tram full of passengers was hit. The Classical Gymnasium in Zagreb located in the city centre was hit, as were Pleso. In total, five civilians were killed and 146 injured, the second attack occurred the following day, at 12,10 in the afternoon.
The childrens hospital in Klaićeva street, the Croatian National Theatre building, two civilians were killed that day and 48 injured, which were less than the day before due to many people avoiding public areas following the first attack. Most of the missiles targeted the city center and surrounding streets, in total, seven people were killed and at about 200 injured from these attacks. On 3 May, Slobodan Milošević, President of Serbia at the time, instructed Yugoslav Army Chief of the General Staff Momčilo Perišić to call Čeleketić and forbid further strikes against Zagreb. After 4 May and the end of Operation Flash, United Nations Special Envoy Yasushi Akashi met with Martić, Martić threatened to resume the attacks and spoke of massive rocket attacks on Zagreb which would leave 100,000 people dead
The Cibona Tower in a high-rise building located in the center of Zagreb, Croatia on Dražen Petrović Square 3, near the Savska and Kranjčevićeva street intersection. It is 92 meters tall, and it has 25 levels above ground, there is a radio mast on the roof, which increases the height of the tower to 105 meters. As of 2007, Cibona Tower is ranked 3rd by height in Croatia, the tower is a part of the complex that comprises lower business objects, a 5, 400-seat basketball hall, and an art installation. The skyscraper is a cylinder,25 meters in diameter, which reduces its diameter in four stages, the facade is derived in dark steel, totally reflective glass, and black granite. The first stage ends up on the 21st floor, second on the 23rd floor, third on the 24th floor, and the fourth on the 25th floor. The rim of the tower is held by the 26 reinforced concrete pylons, which make it resistant to a 7° Richter scale earthquake, the tower was built in 1987 because of the Universiade that was held in Zagreb that year.
The architect responsible for its design is Marijan Hržić, the current occupant of the tower is Agrokor, the biggest food company in Central and Eastern Europe. List of tallest buildings in Croatia Cibona Tower on Emporis
Kaptol is a part of Zagreb, Croatia in the upper town and it is the seat of the Roman Catholic archbishop of Zagreb. The existence of Kaptol, the settlement on the east slope, was confirmed in 1094 when King Ladislaus founded the Zagreb diocese, the bishop, his residence and the Cathedral had their seat in the southeast part of the Kaptol hill. VIaška Ves was situated in the vicinity of the Cathedral. Being under the jurisdiction, it was first mentioned in 1198. Kaptol Street ran from the south to the north across the Kaptol terrace with canons residences arranged in rows alongside, as the Latin word for a group or body of canons is capitulum, it is clear how Kaptol got its name. The canons ruled this settlement, the Cathedral was consecrated in 1217, but in 1242 it was badly damaged during the Mongol invasion. After 1263 it was restored and rebuilt, as a settlement, Kaptols shape was an unsymmetrical rectangle, which had a southern entrance in Bakačeva Street, and ended at its north end near the present day Kaptol School.
In the Middle Ages, Kaptol had no fortifications and it was merely enclosed with wooden fences or palisades, which were repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt. The defensive walls and towers around Kaptol were built between 1469 and 1473, the Prislin Tower near the Kaptol School is one of the best-preserved from those times. In 1493 the Turks reached Sisak trying to capture it but were defeated there, fearing the Turkish invasion, the Bishop of Zagreb had the fortifications built around the Cathedral and his residence. The defensive towers and walls built between 1512 and 1520 have been preserved until the present day except those that faced the front of the Cathedral situated at Kaptol Square. This section of the wall was pulled down in 1907, in Opatovina, small dwelling houses of former Kaptol inhabitants can still be seen, but at Dolac a number of little and narrow streets were torn down in 1926 when the todays market was built. In 1334 the canons of Zagreb established a colony of Kaptol serfs in the vicinity of their residences and that was the beginning of a new settlement called Nova Ves.
Kaptol is today part of the Gornji Grad - Medveščak city district and it mainly faces the Kaptol Street, lying atop of the Ribnjak Park in the east. The Kaptol Centar shopping mall is located in Nova Ves, the central part of Kaptol is part of the local government August Cesarec that has a total population of 1,523. History of Croatia History of Zagreb Ban Jelačić Square Gradec St, marks Church Zagreb Cathedral Kaptol manors in Zagreb guide. ndo. co. uk
Banski dvori is a historical building on the west side of St. It served as the residence of the Croatian Bans and is currently occupied by the Croatian Government. The Banski dvori is a baroque building constructed by Ignaz Gyulai in the first half of the 19th century. It was the residence of Croatian bans from 1809 to 1918, during this period it housed the Tabula Banalis and the Royal Court Table. Ban Josip Jelačić, for whom Ban Jelačić Square is named, was a resident of Banski dvori, during World War II and the Independent State of Croatia it served as office of Poglavnik Ante Pavelić and was called Poglavnikovi dvori. From 1945 to 1991, the period of the SFR Yugoslavia, in May 1990 it became the official residence of the Croatian government. On the following day the Croatian Parliament declared independence, and this date is commemorated as a holiday in Croatia. In 1992 the President of Croatia moved its residence to the Presidential Palace, Zagreb
Trnje is a district in the City of Zagreb, Croatia. According to the 2011 census, the district had 42,282 residents and it is located in the central part of the city, south of Donji grad across the railway, east of Trešnjevka, west of Peščenica, and north of the river Sava. As a district, Trnje has an elected council, cvjetno naselje Kanal Kruge Martinovka Savica Sigečica Vrbik Zavrtnica
Esplanade Zagreb Hotel
The Esplanade Zagreb Hotel is a historic luxury hotel in Zagreb, Croatia. It was built in 1925 to provide accommodation for passengers of the famous Orient Express train, in 1917, an international tender was announced in which a number of prominent architects participated, including the famous Swiss architect Adolf Loos, who however was not awarded the contract. The winner was Germanys, Otto Rehnig, whose plans were modified by the Zagreb architect Dionis Sunko. Today, most people consider Sunko to have been the architect of this building from the Belle Epoque period. The hotel was given the name Esplanade, which in its form has the meaning field. The hotel was the center of Zagreb social life, especially in the 1920s, according to legend, the first Croatian striptease party was held there at a farewell celebration for an Italian count. Famous singers, including Ivo Robić, played in Hotel Esplanade, in 1964 the hotel was renamed Hotel Esplanade Intercontinental, having become part of the Inter-Continental Hotels chain.
In 1968, it was nominated as the best hotel among the 62 Inter-Continental hotels in Europe, in 1975, it received a medal from President Josip Broz Tito with a golden wreath. Inter-Continental constructed another hotel nearby in 1975, and the Esplanade left the chain a few years later, throughout the 20th century, the hotel was the site of key social events of the Croatian capital. The hotel was the site for the 1983 miniseries The Winds of War. The hotel closed in 2002 for a renovation, and reopened on May 18,2004 as The Regent Esplanade Zagreb. The hotel left the Regent chain in 2012 and, As of 2015, in 2012, it was named the Best Hotel in Croatia in all three categories by TripAdvisor
Croatia, officially the Republic of Croatia, is a sovereign state between Central Europe, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean. Its capital city is Zagreb, which one of the countrys primary subdivisions. Croatia covers 56,594 square kilometres and has diverse, mostly continental, Croatias Adriatic Sea coast contains more than a thousand islands. The countrys population is 4.28 million, most of whom are Croats, the Croats arrived in the area of present-day Croatia during the early part of the 7th century AD. They organised the state into two duchies by the 9th century, tomislav became the first king by 925, elevating Croatia to the status of a kingdom. The Kingdom of Croatia retained its sovereignty for nearly two centuries, reaching its peak during the rule of Kings Petar Krešimir IV and Dmitar Zvonimir, Croatia entered a personal union with Hungary in 1102. In 1527, faced with Ottoman conquest, the Croatian Parliament elected Ferdinand I of the House of Habsburg to the Croatian throne. In 1918, after World War I, Croatia was included in the unrecognized State of Slovenes and Serbs which seceded from Austria-Hungary, a fascist Croatian puppet state backed by Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany existed during World War II.
After the war, Croatia became a member and a federal constituent of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. On 25 June 1991 Croatia declared independence, which came wholly into effect on 8 October of the same year, the Croatian War of Independence was fought successfully during the four years following the declaration. A unitary state, Croatia is a republic governed under a parliamentary system, the International Monetary Fund classified Croatia as an emerging and developing economy, and the World Bank identified it as a high-income economy. Croatia is a member of the European Union, United Nations, the Council of Europe, NATO, the World Trade Organization, the service sector dominates Croatias economy, followed by the industrial sector and agriculture. Tourism is a significant source of revenue during the summer, with Croatia ranked the 18th most popular tourist destination in the world, the state controls a part of the economy, with substantial government expenditure. The European Union is Croatias most important trading partner, since 2000, the Croatian government constantly invests in infrastructure, especially transport routes and facilities along the Pan-European corridors.
Internal sources produce a significant portion of energy in Croatia, the rest is imported, the origin of the name is uncertain, but is thought to be a Gothic or Indo-Aryan term assigned to a Slavic tribe. The oldest preserved record of the Croatian ethnonym *xъrvatъ is of variable stem, the first attestation of the Latin term is attributed to a charter of Duke Trpimir from the year 852. The original is lost, and just a 1568 copy is preserved—leading to doubts over the authenticity of the claim, the oldest preserved stone inscription is the 9th-century Branimir Inscription, where Duke Branimir is styled as Dux Cruatorvm. The inscription is not believed to be dated accurately, but is likely to be from during the period of 879–892, the area known as Croatia today was inhabited throughout the prehistoric period