John Armor Bingham was an American Republican Representative from Ohio, an assistant to Judge Advocate General in the trial of the Abraham Lincoln assassination, a prosecutor in the impeachment trials of U. S. President Andrew Johnson, he is the principal framer of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. Born in Mercer County, where his carpenter and bricklayer father, had moved after service in the War of 1812, Bingham attended local public schools. After his mother's death in 1827, his father remarried. John moved west to Ohio to live with his merchant uncle, after clashing with his new stepmother; the teenager apprenticed as a printer for two years, helping to publish the Luminary, an anti-Masonic newspaper. He returned to Pennsylvania to study at Mercer College, after which Bingham studied law at Franklin College in New Athens, Harrison County, Ohio. There, Bingham befriended former slave Titus Basfield, who became the first African American to graduate college in Ohio.
They continued to correspond for many years. Both Hugh and Thomas Bingham were long time abolitionists as well as active in local politics, they allied with the Anti-Masonic Party, led by Pennsylvania Governor Joseph Ritner and Speaker of the Pennsylvania Assembly Thaddeus Stevens. Hugh became clerk of the Mercer County court and a perennial Whig candidate in the county, known for opposing war with Mexico. Rev. John Walker, of the Associated Reform Congregational Church, ran Franklin College and was a prominent abolitionist in Ohio as well as mentor to Titus Basfield, after further studies, became a Presbyterian minister. Another of Bingham's longtime and childhood friends was Matthew Simpson, who became a bishop in the Methodist Episcopal Church, urged President Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation, delivered funeral orations for the assassinated President at the White House and his interment at Springfield, Illinois. Bingham married his uncle Thomas' daughter, Amanda Bailey Bingham, in 1844.
During 41 years of marriage, they raised three daughters, two of whom survived their parents, but one died in Japan. After graduation, Bingham returned to Mercer, Pennsylvania to read law with John James Pearson and William Stewart, he was admitted to the Pennsylvania bar on March 25, 1840 and the Ohio bar by year's end. Bingham returned to Cadiz, Ohio, to begin his legal and political career. An active Whig, Bingham campaigned for President William Henry Harrison, his uncle, Thomas, a prominent Presbyterian in the area, had served as associate judge in the Harrison County Court of Common Pleas from 1825 to 1839. The young lawyer's practice extended to Tuscarawas County and its seat, New Philadelphia. In 1846, Bingham won his first election, as district attorney for Tuscarawas County, serving from 1846 to 1849. Bingham's political activity continued despite the Whig Party's decline. Campaigning as candidate of the Opposition Party, he was elected to the Thirty-fourth Congress, representing the 21st Congressional District.
In Washington, DC, he roomed at the same boarding house as fellow Ohio Representative Joshua Giddings, a prominent abolitionist Bingham admired. Voters re-elected Bingham to the Thirty-fifth, Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh Congresses as a Republican. However, the district was one of two Ohio districts eliminated in the redistricting following the census of 1860. Bingham thus ran for re-elected from. Known for his abolitionist views, he lost to Democratic peace candidate Joseph W. White, thus failed to return for the Thirty-eighth Congress, in part because Union soldiers, who were away from home fighting in the war, were not allowed to vote by mail in Ohio at the time. Nonetheless, the House of Representatives appointed him as one of the managers of impeachment proceedings against West H. Humphreys. During the Civil War, Bingham supported the Union and became known as a Radical Republican. President Abraham Lincoln appointed him Judge Advocate of the Union Army with the rank of major during his hiatus from Congress, Bingham became solicitor of the United States Court of Claims in 1865.
Bingham defeated White in the next congressional election and thus returned to serve in the Thirty-ninth Congress, which first met on March 4, 1865. The following month, the capital fell into chaos as John Wilkes Booth assassinated President Abraham Lincoln, Booth's co-conspirator Lewis Powell injured Secretary of State William H. Seward on the night of April 14, 1865. Booth died on April 1865 from a gunshot wound; when the trials for the conspirators involved in the Lincoln assassination were ready to start, Bingham's old friend from Cadiz, Edwin Stanton, appointed him to serve as Assistant Judge Advocate General along with General Henry Burnett, another Assistant Judge Advocate General, Joseph Holt, the Judge Advocate General. The accused conspirators were George Atzerodt, David Herold, Lewis Powell, Samuel Arnold, Michael O'Laughlen, Edman Spangler, Samuel Mudd, Mary Surratt; the trial began on May 10, 1865. The three prosecutors spent nearly two months in court. Bingham and Holt attempted to obscure the fact.
The first plot was to kidnap the president and hold him hostage in exchange for the Confederate prisoners held by the Union. The second was to assassinate the president, Vice President Andrew Johnson and Secretary of State William H. Seward and thereby throw the government into electoral chaos; the prosecution did not reveal the existence of a diary taken from Booth's body, which made clear that the assassinati
Augusten Xon Burroughs is an American writer known for his New York Times bestselling memoir Running with Scissors. Christopher Richter Robison was born in Pittsburgh, the younger of two sons of poet Margaret Robison and John G. Robison, former head of the philosophy department at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, he is eight years younger than fellow memoirist John Elder Robison. He was raised in various towns in Massachusetts, including Shutesbury and Northampton, his older brother had escaped the unstable home before their parents divorced on July 29, 1978. His mother sent the 12 year-old Christopher to live with the family of her psychiatrist, Dr. Rodolph Harvey Turcotte, whose ever-changing collection of children, adopted children and patients lived in a large ramshackle property in Northampton. Robison's mother assigned legal guardianship to Turcotte, who believed that children became adults at 13. A few months after Robison moved in, Turcotte allowed him to drop out of sixth grade.
Robison obtained a GED at age 17. He enrolled at Holyoke Community College in Holyoke, Massachusetts, as a pre-med student, dropping out before the end of the first semester, he worked for a Manhattan-based advertising company. In 1996, he sought treatment for alcoholism at a rehabilitation center in Minnesota before returning to Manhattan; some of Burroughs' childhood experiences were chronicled in his successful first book, Running with Scissors, made into a film by the same name. In addition to Scissors, Burroughs penned a second memoir, about his experience during and after treatment for alcoholism, it was followed by two collections of Magical Thinking and Possible Side Effects. His first novel, Sellevision, is in production as a feature film. Burroughs' writing focuses on subjects such as advertising, religious families, home shopping networks, it has appeared in publications such as The New York Times, House & Garden, BlackBook, New York, The Times, Bark and Out. Burroughs writes a monthly column for Details.
Early in his career, he was a regular commentator on National Public Radio's Morning Edition. In 2005, Universal Studios and Red Wagon Productions bought the rights to a film based on a then-unreleased memoir about Burroughs' relationship with his father; the book, called A Wolf at the Table, was released on 29 April 2008. In October 2009, Burroughs released You Better Not Cry: Stories for Christmas, a book of short Christmas stories based on true events that occurred during his childhood. In 2012, Burroughs released. Burroughs released his newest book, Toil & Trouble: A Memoir, in 2019. Burroughs' books are published by Picador. In a January 2005 interview, reflecting on his life with his partner, graphic designer Dennis Pilsits, Burroughs said paying tax should allow same-sex couples full legal entitlements: That's what gay people need to be allowed to do – get married. Not have domestic partnerships. I don't believe, but let's just say for a moment that it does. Well the sanctity of marriage just has to be destroyed.
It's just too bad. You can't have one set of benefits and only give them to some of the people. Burroughs divides time between Amherst, Massachusetts. On April 1, 2013, Burroughs married his longtime agent and companion Christopher Schelling at New York City Hall in Staten Island. Burroughs has been profiled in People, The Guardian, Entertainment Weekly, where he ranked 15 on the 2005 list of "The 25 Funniest People in America" and was named to the magazine's "It List". Burroughs was presented with a special Trustee Award at the Lambda Literary Awards in 2013; the family of Dr. Turcotte, Burroughs' legal guardian when he was a child, were concerned about the depiction of the Finch family in Running with Scissors. In August 2007, Burroughs and his publisher, St. Martin's Press, settled with the Turcotte family, who stated that their presentation as the Finch family was fictional and written in a sensational manner; the Turcottes sought damages of $2 million for invasion of privacy and intentional infliction of emotional distress.
Burroughs defended his work as "entirely accurate," but agreed to call the work a "book" in the author's note, to alter the acknowledgments page in future editions to recognize the Turcotte family's conflicting memories of described events, express regret for "any unintentional harm" to the Turcotte family. In August 2007, when the suit was settled, Burroughs stated: I consider this not only a personal victory but a victory for all memoirists. I still maintain that the book is an accurate memoir, that it was not fictionalized or sensationalized in any way. I did not invent elements. We had a strong case because I had the truth on my side. In October 2007, Burroughs further stated that he felt vindicated by the settlement: I'm not at all sorry that I wrote it, and you know, the suit settled – it settled in my favor. I didn't change a word of not one word of it. It's still a memoir, it's marketed as a memoir, agreed one hundred percent. Running with Scissors was made into a film in 2006, it was directed by Ryan Murphy, produced by Brad Pitt, starred Joseph Cross, Brian Cox, Annette Bening, Alec Baldwin, Evan Rachel Wood.
Bening was nominated for a Gold
Joseph Finder is an American thriller writer. His books include Company Man, The Fixer, Killer Instinct and Power Play, his novel High Crimes was made into the film of the same name starring Ashley Judd and Morgan Freeman. His novel Paranoia was adapted into a 2013 film starring Liam Hemsworth, Gary Oldman and Harrison Ford. Joseph Finder was born in Chicago, Illinois in 1958, spent much of his early childhood in Afghanistan and the Philippines before his family returned to the United States and lived in Bellingham and outside Albany, New York. Finder majored in Russian studies at Yale University, where he graduated summa cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa, he was a bass singer in the Yale Whiffenpoofs. He received a master's degree from the Harvard Russian Research Center and taught on the Harvard faculty, he states that "He was recruited to the Central Intelligence Agency but decided he preferred writing fiction." Finder published Red Carpet: The Connection Between the Kremlin and America's Most Powerful Businessmen, about Dr. Armand Hammer's ties to Soviet intelligence.
Finder's first novel, The Moscow Club, imagined a KGB coup against Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. His second novel, Extraordinary Powers was about the discovery of a Soviet mole in the highest ranks of the CIA. Paranoia was a New York Times bestseller in both paperback, as was Company Man. Killer Instinct, published in May 2006, won the International Thriller Writers Award for best novel in 2007. Power Play, published in 2007, was nominated for a Gumshoe Award. Vanished, the first novel to feature Finder's series character Nick Heller, was nominated for the 2010 International Thriller Writers Award for best novel. Buried Secrets, the second Nick Heller novel, received the 2011 Strand Magazine Critics Award for Best Novel, tying with The Cut by George Pelecanos. Suspicion was the first book to be published under Finder's new contract with Dutton, a subsidiary of Penguin Random House. Guilty Minds, the third novel to feature Finder's series character, Nick Heller, will be published in summer 2016.
Finder is a founding member of the International Thriller Writers Association, served as Financial Advisor to International PEN-New England. He is a member of the Association of Former Intelligence Officers, he writes on espionage and international affairs for publications including The New York Times and The Washington Post. According to his website, he lives in Boston, Massachusetts with his wife Michelle and their daughter Emma. Vanished, ISBN 0-312-37908-0, 2009, paperback 2010 Buried Secrets, ISBN 978-0-312-37914-8, Summer 2011 "Plan B", 2011 "Good and Valuable Consideration", in Faceoff ISBN 978-1-476-76207-4, September 2014 Guilty Minds, ISBN 978-0-525-95462-0, July 2016 The Moscow Club, ISBN 0-330-31350-9 paperback 1991 Extraordinary Powers, ISBN 0-7528-2651-4 paperback 1994 The Zero Hour, ISBN 0-7528-2650-6 paperback 1996 High Crimes, ISBN 0-380-72880-X paperback 1998 Paranoia, ISBN 0-312-94091-2 paperback 2004 Company Man, ISBN 0-312-93942-6 paperback 2005 Killer Instinct, ISBN 0-312-34747-2 2006 Power Play, ISBN 0-312-34748-0 2007 Suspicion, ISBN 0-525-95460-0 May 27, 2014 The Fixer, ISBN 9780525954613 June 9, 2015 The Switch, ISBN 9781101985786 June 13, 2017 Judgement, ISBN 9781101985823 January 29, 2019 Red Carpet: The Connection Between the Kremlin and America's Most Powerful Businessmen, 1983 Official website
Picador is an imprint of Pan Macmillan in the United Kingdom and Australia and of Macmillan Publishing in the United States. Both companies are owned by Georg von Holtzbrinck Publishing Group. Picador was launched in the UK in 1972 with the aim of publishing outstanding international writing in paperback. In 1990, Picador started publishing its own hardcovers. In the summer of 2018, the US branch of Picador announced that starting in April 2019 it would no longer publish original titles and would focus on reprinting as trade paperbacks literary works originated by editors elsewhere at Macmillan. Picador authors have included Jonathan Franzen, Michael Chabon, Marilynne Robinson, Angela Carter, Thomas Pynchon, Raj Patel, Jon Ronson, Alan Hollinghurst, Graham Swift, John Banville, Patrick McCabe, Tim Winton, Mick Jackson, Colm Toibin, Trezza Azzopardi, Edward St Aubyn, Emma Donoghue, Jim Crace, Sunjeev Sahota, Hanya Yanagihara, Pankaj Mishra, Bret Easton Ellis and Sir Salman Rushdie. Picador Travel Classics Official UK site Official USA site Official Australian site
Robert Ludlum was an American author of 27 thriller novels, best known as the creator of Jason Bourne from the original The Bourne Trilogy series. The number of copies of his books in print is estimated between 500 million, they have been published in 40 countries. Ludlum published books under the pseudonyms Jonathan Ryder and Michael Shepherd. Ludlum was born in the son of Margaret and George Hartford Ludlum, his maternal grandparents were English. He was educated at The Rectory School Cheshire Academy and Wesleyan University in Middletown, where he earned a B. A. in Drama in 1951. While at Wesleyan, Ludlum joined the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity. After becoming an author in life, Ludlum would set his mystery novel Matlock Paper at the fictitious Carlyle University in Connecticut, a thinly disguised Wesleyan. Prior to becoming an author, he had been a theatrical actor and producer. In the 1950s, he produced shows at the Grant Lee theater in New Jersey. From 1960 to 1970, he managed and produced shows at the Playhouse on the Mall at Bergen Mall in Paramus, New Jersey.
His theatrical experience may have contributed to his understanding of the energy and action that the public wanted in a novel. He once remarked: "I equate suspense and good theater in a similar way. I think it's all what-happens-next. From that point of view, yes, I guess, I am theatrical."Many of Ludlum's novels have been made into films and mini-series, including The Osterman Weekend, The Holcroft Covenant, The Apocalypse Watch, The Bourne Identity, The Bourne Supremacy and The Bourne Ultimatum. Covert One: The Hades Factor, a book co-written with Gayle Lynds, was conceived as a mini-series; the Bourne movies, starring Matt Damon in the title role, have been commercially and critically successful, although the story lines depart from the source material. During the 1970s, Ludlum lived in Leonia, New Jersey, where he spent hours each day writing at his home. Ludlum died on March 12, 2001, at his home in Naples, while recovering from severe burns caused by a mysterious fire which occurred on February 10.
Ludlum's novels feature one heroic man, or a small group of crusading individuals, in a struggle against powerful adversaries whose intentions and motivations are evil and who are capable of using political and economic mechanisms in frightening ways. The world in his writings is one where global corporations, shadowy military forces and government organizations all conspired to preserve or undermine the status quo. Ludlum's novels were inspired by conspiracy theories, both historical and contemporary, he wrote that The Matarese Circle was inspired by rumors about the Trilateral Commission, it was published only a few years after the commission was founded. His depictions of terrorism in books such as The Holcroft Covenant and The Matarese Circle reflected the theory that terrorists, rather than being isolated bands of ideologically motivated extremists, are pawns of governments or private organizations who are using them to facilitate the establishment of authoritarian rule; some of Ludlum's novels have been made into films and mini-series, although the story lines might depart from the source material.
In general, a miniseries is more faithful to the original novel. Adaptations of Ludlum's works are published under the trademark Treadstone, held by The Executor Of The Robert Ludlum Estate. 1977 – The Rhinemann Exchange — miniseries — Stephen Collins as David Spaulding, Lauren Hutton as Leslie Jenner Hawkewood 1983 – The Osterman Weekend — film — Rutger Hauer as John Tanner, Sam Peckinpah directed 1985 – The Holcroft Covenant — film — Michael Caine as Noel Holcroft 1988 – The Bourne Identity — miniseries — Richard Chamberlain as Jason Bourne, Jaclyn Smith as Marie St. Jacques 1997 – The Apocalypse Watch — miniseries — Patrick Bergin as Drew Latham 2002 – The Bourne Identity — film — Matt Damon as Jason Bourne and Franka Potente as Marie Helena Kreutz 2004 – The Bourne Supremacy — film — Matt Damon as Jason Bourne 2006 – Covert One: The Hades Factor — miniseries — Stephen Dorff as Jon Smith 2007 – The Bourne Ultimatum — film — Matt Damon as Jason Bourne 2012 – The Bourne Legacy — film — starring Jeremy Renner, Rachel Weisz and Edward Norton 2016 – Jason Bourne — film — Matt Damon as Jason Bourne TBA – The Chancellor Manuscript — film — Leonardo DiCaprio as Peter Chancellor1 TBA – The Janson Directive — film — John Cena as Paul Janson11 announced/in development Airport novel Publishers Weekly lists of bestselling novels in the United States Spy fiction Official Robert Ludlum website Robert Ludlum on IMDb Robert Ludlum at the Internet Book List Works by or about Robert Ludlum in libraries
Stephen J. Cannell
Stephen Joseph Cannell was an American television producer, writer and occasional actor, the founder of Cannell Entertainment and the Cannell Studios. After starting his career as a television script writer, Cannell created or co-created several dozen successful TV series from the 1970s to the 1990s with his creative partner Frank Lupo. Cannell's creations included The Rockford Files, The A-Team, The Greatest American Hero, 21 Jump Street, The Commish, he wrote novels, notably the Shane Scully mystery series. Cannell was born in Los Angeles and raised in nearby Pasadena, he was the son of Joseph Knapp Cannell. Joseph owned the successful interior decorating company Cannell and Chaffin. Cannell struggled with dyslexia in school, but did graduate from the University of Oregon in 1964 with a bachelor of science degree in journalism. At UO, he joined the Sigma Chi fraternity. After college, Cannell spent four years working with the family business before selling his first script to the Universal series It Takes a Thief in 1968.
He was hired by the television production branch of Universal Studios and was soon freelance writing for such other crime shows as Ironside and Columbo. Not long afterward, he received a telephone call from friend Herman Saunders, the producer on the series Adam-12, they needed a script right away and Saunders asked if Stephen would be interested in writing it. He delivered what they wanted in one day, his first full-time gig, was soon hired as story editor of Jack Webb's police series Adam-12 in its fourth season. Cannell created or co-created nearly 40 television series crime dramas, including The Rockford Files, Black Sheep Squadron, City of Angels, under his own banner, The Greatest American Hero, The A-Team, Hardcastle and McCormick, Wiseguy, 21 Jump Street, Silk Stalkings, The Commish. In the process, he had by his own count, scripted more than 450 episodes, produced or executive produced over 1,500 episodes, he described his early financial arrangements in a 2002 interview, saying that at Universal, I signed a deal as a head writer to make $600 a week.
I was the cheapest writer on the lot. It was the lowest deal, but I'd been working for my dad for $7000 a year. I was at Universal for I never renegotiated my deal but once, it was late in my arrangement with Universal. There was one thing in my deal that my agent had managed to get in there—I had good fees for my pilots; the reason they did. So they'd give me $70,000 to write a two-hour pilot and a $100,000 production bonus if it got made. I became the hottest pilot writer at Universal. I was writing three pilots a season. I was making $400,000 a year in pilot fees. In 1979, Cannell formed his own company, Stephen J. Cannell Productions. For the first few years, Cannell's office was located on the lot at Paramount Studios in Hollywood, though his earlier work at Universal was still distributed by MCA-Universal. Cannell's first series under his new banner was Tenspeed and Brown Shoe, was soon followed by The Greatest American Hero, The Quest, The A-Team, Hardcastle and McCormick and Hunter. Cannell offices relocated to larger facilities on Hollywood Blvd in 1983.
Cannell acted including a recurring role as main antagonist "Dutch" Dixon on his series Renegade. He took a turn in an episode of Silk Stalkings, in which the script called for one character to tell him, "You look just like that writer on TV," to which Cannell's character responds, "I get that all the time." He served as the host of the 1991–92 series Scene of the Crime a mystery anthology series with a repertory cast, 1995–1996 syndicated documentary series U. S. Customs Classified, focusing on the work of the U. S Customs Service. Cannell appeared as himself again in season two. Along with James Patterson, Dennis Lehane, Michael Connelly, he was one of Castle's poker buddies. In season three, following Cannell's death, an empty seat at the poker table is described as Cannell's, remains empty for a full year in tribute to him. In 1987, with a favorable exchange rate between the US and Canadian dollars being a win/win for US producers, Cannell decided to shoot his new series Stingray in Toronto.
So many producers were shooting in Toronto that no crews were available to man any additional productions. Cannell shot seven episodes of Stingray in Calgary with the remainder being shot in Vancouver, his first series shot there was 21 Jump Street, the highest-rated show of the new Fox network's first season. With more and more series being shot in Vancouver, Cannell said, "We were fighting with everybody for locations and stage space", his solution was to build a new, state-of-the-art facility, "The North Shore Studios" on 13 acres with one hundred thousand feet of office space and seven sound stages. The series 21 Jump Street was soon followed by Wiseguy, The Commish, Hawkeye, The Hat Squad, J. J. Starbuck, Street Justice, Unsub, a number of television films were shot in Vancouver by Cannell's production company. In May 1988, Cannell was a panelist in the John Davidson edition of The Hollywood Squares. On July 31, 1995, New World Communications acquired his Cannell Entertainment production company.
Cannell founded the Cannell Studios. One of the first shows produced by the newly established Cannell Studios was the short-lived but critically acclaimed corporate drama Profit. Starting in 1995, Cannell turned his attention to writing novels, his fi
Thriller is a broad genre of literature and television, having numerous overlapping subgenres. Thrillers are characterized and defined by the moods they elicit, giving viewers heightened feelings of suspense, surprise and anxiety. Successful examples of thrillers are the films of Alfred Hitchcock. Thrillers keep the audience on the "edge of their seats" as the plot builds towards a climax; the cover-up of important information is a common element. Literary devices such as red herrings, plot twists, cliffhangers are used extensively. A thriller is a villain-driven plot, whereby he or she presents obstacles that the protagonist must overcome. Homer's Odyssey is one of the oldest stories in the Western world and is regarded as an early prototype of the genre. Writer Vladimir Nabokov, in his lectures at Cornell University, said: "In an Anglo-Saxon thriller, the villain is punished, the strong silent man wins the weak babbling girl, but there is no governmental law in Western countries to ban a story that does not comply with a fond tradition, so that we always hope that the wicked but romantic fellow will escape scot-free and the good but dull chap will be snubbed by the moody heroine."Thrillers may be defined by the primary mood that they elicit: suspenseful excitement.
In short, if it "thrills", it is a thriller. As the introduction to a major anthology argues:... Thrillers provide such a rich literary feast. There are all kinds; the legal thriller, spy thriller, action-adventure thriller, medical thriller, police thriller, romantic thriller, historical thriller, political thriller, religious thriller, high-tech thriller, military thriller. The list goes on and on, with new variations being invented. In fact, this openness to expansion is one of the genre's most enduring characteristics, but what gives the variety of thrillers a common ground is the intensity of emotions they create those of apprehension and exhilaration, of excitement and breathlessness, all designed to generate that all-important thrill. By definition, if a thriller doesn't thrill, it's not doing its job. Suspense is a crucial characteristic of the thriller genre, it gives the viewer a feeling of pleasurable fascination and excitement mixed with apprehension and tension. These develop from unpredictable and rousing events during the narrative, which makes the viewer or reader think about the outcome of certain actions.
Suspense builds. The suspense in a story keeps the person hooked to reading or watching more until the climax is reached. In terms of narrative expectations, it may be contrasted with surprise; the objective is to deliver a story with sustained tension, a constant sense of impending doom. As described by film director Alfred Hitchcock, an audience experiences suspense when they expect something bad to happen and have a superior perspective on events in the drama's hierarchy of knowledge, yet they are powerless to intervene to prevent it from happening. Suspense in thrillers is intertwined with hope and anxiety, which are treated as two emotions aroused in anticipation of the conclusion - the hope that things will turn out all right for the appropriate characters in the story, the fear that they may not; the second type of suspense is the "...anticipation wherein we either know or else are certain about what is going to happen but are still aroused in anticipation of its actual occurrence."According to Greek philosopher Aristotle in his book Poetics, suspense is an important building block of literature, this is an important convention in the thriller genre.
Thriller music has been shown to create a distrust and ominous uncertainty between the viewer of a film and the character on screen at the time when the music is playing. Common methods and themes in crime and action thrillers are ransoms, heists, kidnappings. Common in mystery thrillers are the whodunit technique. Common elements in dramatic and psychological thrillers include plot twists, psychology and mind games. Common elements of science-fiction thrillers are killing robots, machines or aliens, mad scientists and experiments. Common in horror thrillers are serial killers, stalking and horror-of-personality. Elements such as fringe theories, false accusations and paranoia are common in paranoid thrillers. Threats to entire countries, espionage, conspiracies and electronic surveillance are common in spy thrillers. Characters may include criminals, assassins, innocent victims, menaced women, psychotic individuals, spree killers, agents, terrorists and escaped cons, private eyes, people involved in twisted relationships, world-weary men and women, psycho-fiends, more.
The themes include terrorism, political conspiracy, pursuit, or romantic triangles leading to murder. Plots of thrillers involve characters which come into conflict with each other or with outside forces; the protagonist of these films is set against a problem. No matter what subgenre a thriller film falls into, it will emphasize the danger that the protagonist faces; the protagonists are ordinary citizens unaccustomed to danger, although in crime and action thrillers, they may be "hard men" accustomed to danger such as police officers and detectives. While protagonists of thrillers have traditionally been men, women lead characters are common. In psychological thrillers, the protagonists are reliant on their mental resources, whether it be by battling wits with the antagonist or by battling for equilibrium in the cha