St. Michael's Episcopal Church (Charleston, South Carolina)

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St. Michael's Church
St. Michael's Episcopal Church (Charleston, South Carolina).jpg
St. Michael's Church
St. Michael's Episcopal Church (Charleston, South Carolina) is located in South Carolina
St. Michael's Episcopal Church (Charleston, South Carolina)
St. Michael's Episcopal Church (Charleston, South Carolina) is located in the US
St. Michael's Episcopal Church (Charleston, South Carolina)
Location 80 Meeting St. (at Broad St.)
Charleston, South Carolina
Coordinates 32°46′34.759″N 79°55′50.738″W / 32.77632194°N 79.93076056°W / 32.77632194; -79.93076056Coordinates: 32°46′34.759″N 79°55′50.738″W / 32.77632194°N 79.93076056°W / 32.77632194; -79.93076056
Built 1751–1761
Built by Samuel Cardy
Architect Unknown
Architectural style Georgian
Part of Charleston Historic District (#66000964)
NRHP reference # 66000704
Significant dates
Added to NRHP October 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHL October 9, 1960[2]
Designated NHLDCP October 9, 1960

St. Michael's Church is a historic church and the oldest surviving religious structure in Charleston, South Carolina. It is located at Broad and Meeting streets on one of the Four Corners of Law, and represents ecclesiastical law, it was built in the 1750s by order of the South Carolina Assembly. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is a National Historic Landmark.

History[edit]

Church interior

St. Michael's Church was built between 1751 and 1761 at the corner of Broad and Meeting streets on the site of the original wooden church built in 1681 by St. Philip's Church, It had been damaged in a hurricane in 1710 and a new St. Philip's Church was built several blocks away on Church Street; in 1727, what was left of the old wooden church was demolished.[3][4]

It is not known who designed St. Michael's, but it shows the influence of St Martin-in-the-Fields, London, designed in the 1720s by James Gibbs. Samuel Cardy was the builder, the walls are of brick that was stuccoed over and painted white. The two-story portico facing Broad Street was the first of its size in colonial America and features Tuscan columns.[5]

An organ by John Snetzler was fitted in 1768 but only the case remains; new organ 1994 by Kenneth Jones of Bray, Ireland.

In the north wall is a stained glass window that was given to the church in 1898 as a memorial to Mrs. E.A. Simons, the design of the window is a copy of "Easter Morning" using between 1800 and 2000 pieces in the six by ten foot window. It was created by Louis Lederlie for Tiffany Studios.[6]

It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1960,[2][7] and it was included in the first promulgation of the National Register in 1966.[1]

St. Michael's Churchyard, adjacent to the church, is the resting place of some famous historical figures, including two signers of the U.S. Constitution.

Religious affiliation[edit]

St. Michael's was originally affiliated with the Church of England. Following the American Revolution the church came under the jurisdiction of what is now the Episcopal Church of the United States. Currently it is a parish church of the Episcopal Diocese of South Carolina. In 2012 long simmering disagreements over doctrine and church discipline caused the Diocese of South Carolina to withdraw from the Episcopal Church; in June of 2017 the diocese, and by extension St. Michael's, were received into the Anglican Church of North America. The parish continues to worship according to Anglican rites and traditions.[8][9][10][11]

Clock and bells[edit]

The church houses a clock and change ringing bells dating from colonial times,[3] the tower clock, which strikes the hours and quarters, was made by Aynsworth Thwaites Thwaites & Reed. The bells are one of four sets (Grace Church Cathedral – Episcopal, The Cathedral Church of Saint Luke and Saint Paul, and Stella Maris Catholic church) in the Charleston area, the bells were cast in 1764 by Lester and Pack of London and recast in 1866 (in London again).[12]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b "St. Michael's Church". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-03-07. 
  3. ^ a b "St. Michael’s: An Historical Overview". St. Michael's Church. Retrieved March 9, 2014. 
  4. ^ "A Brief History of St. Philip's Church, The Mother Church of The Diocese of South Carolina, Est. 1680". St. Philip's Church. Retrieved March 9, 2014. 
  5. ^ South Carolina Department of Archives and History listing for Saint Michael's Episcopal Church
  6. ^ "A Beautiful Memorial". News and Courier. Charleston, South Carolina. April 8, 1898. p. 8. 
  7. ^ James Dillon (1978). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: St. Michael's Church" (pdf). National Park Service.  and Accompanying two photos, exterior, from 1969 (32 KB)
  8. ^ "St.Michael's Parish". 
  9. ^ "Anglican Church in North America". anglicanchurch.net. Retrieved 2017-06-28. 
  10. ^ "Anglican Church in North America". anglicanchurch.net. Retrieved 2017-06-28. 
  11. ^ Hunter, Joy. "Diocese of South Carolina - Diocese of South Carolina Received by the Anglican Church in North America". Diocese of South Carolina. Retrieved 2017-06-28. 
  12. ^ http://www.whitechapelbellfoundry.co.uk/foundry.htm

Further reading[edit]

  • Williams, George Walton (2001). St. Michael's Charleston, 1751-1951 : with supplements 1951-2001. Charleston, S.C.: College of Charleston Library. OCLC 681818015. 

External links[edit]