Zurich Insurance Group
Zurich Insurance Group Ltd. is a Swiss insurance company known as Zurich, headquartered in Zürich, Switzerland. The company is Switzerland's largest insurer; as of 2017, the group is the world's 91st largest public company according to Forbes' Global 2000s list, in 2011 it ranked 94th in Interbrand's top 100 brands. Zurich is a global insurance company, organized into three core business segments: General Insurance, Global Life and Farmers. Zurich employs 54,000 people serving customers in more than 170 countries and territories around the globe; the company is listed on the SIX Swiss Exchange. As of 2012 it had shareholders' equity of $34.494 billion. The company was founded in 1872 as a marine reinsurance under the name "Versicherungs-Verein", a subsidiary of the Schweiz Marine Company. In 2000, after a number of acquisitions, it was unified to form one holding company – Zurich Financial Services. In April 2012, Zurich Financial Services Ltd changed its name to Zurich Insurance Group Ltd. In a statement the Group explained the rationale behind the name change.
"In recognition of this strategic focus, the reference to financial services in the company name has been replaced by indicating the insurance activity of the Group instead and to specify the purpose accordingly."In December 2015, the group's CEO Martin Senn announced his resignation. Despite years of profitable business operations the focus was put on recent events which forced Mr. Senn to step down. Ad-Interim Chairman Tom de Swaan took over as acting CEO. On 26 January 2016, it was announced that Zurich had poached Mario Greco, CEO of Generali as its next chief executive, that he would start on 1 May. Zurich's General Insurance business serves individuals and medium-sized businesses and major multinational corporations with motor and commercial products and services. Zurich's Global Life business offers life insurance, savings and pension products. In the United States life insurance is issued by Zurich American Life Insurance Company with offices in Schaumburg, Illinois and New York City.
Zurich's Farmers segment includes Farmers Management Services, which provides non-claims related management services to the Farmers Exchanges, as well as the Farmers RE business which includes reinsurance assumed from the Farmers Exchange by the Group. Zurich's Farmers Insurance Group is the third largest insurance group in the United States. In 2009, Zurich was awarded Charity Times "Best Insurance Services" and was shortlisted again in 2010. In 2012 the Zurich Community Trust won the Cross Sector Partnership of the Year Award for its partnership with the treatment charity Addaction. According to its website, Zurich Community Trust has donated over £60 million since 1972, with the goal of addressing key social issues, it has supported over 600 charities a year, making a measurable impact on the lives of over 80,000 people. Zurich was one of the first recipients of the Community Mark from Business in the Community which it has retained for three years. At a group level, the Z Zurich Foundation's mission is to help individuals and communities understand and manage risk, leveraging Zurich's core strengths as an insurer.
Zurich is achieving this aim by working with long-term partnership with select non-profit organizations such as Practical Action, the Rainforest Alliance, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. On 24 October 2002, Zurich North America hosted a ceremony at the 9/11 Tribute Center honoring the winners of its 2012 K. A. M. P. Awards, a program created as a living legacy to the four employees killed on 9/11: John Keohane, Peggy Alario, Kathy Moran and Ludwig Picarro. Zurich began a relationship with SBP, a disaster relief organization based in New Orleans, at its Zurich Classic golf tournament in New Orleans. Over the next five years, more than 1,000 Zurich employees, customers and distributors volunteered with SBP to rebuild homes in New Orleans, Staten Island and Joplin, until in April 2014, the company announced that its Z Zurich Foundation would give SBP a $3 million grant over three years; the grant would go towards creating a Disaster Resilience and Recovery Lab—a disaster relief model that propagates best practices learned in New Orleans after Katrina to communities affected by future disasters.
In 2011, Zurich launched a free online resource – My Community Starter – designed to make getting involved in community activities more simple. In March 2012, Zurich reinforced its commitment to the Z Zurich foundation by making a substantial investment of $100 million. In March 2013, Zurich announced its global flood resilience program, which aims to enhance community flood resilience by finding innovative ways to increase the impact of disaster risk reduction efforts at community and global levels; the first country program is taking place in Indonesia. To maximize the community impact of the program, Zurich has formed a strategic alliance with the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. Zurich Insurance Group Ltd is listed on the SIX Swiss Exchange under the ticker ZURN; as of 1 December 2012 there were 148,300,123 paid registered shares and 124,847 shareholders. 24.7% of the holding of the registered shares were private individuals, 7.2% were foundations and pension funds and 68.1% were other legal entities.
In 2006, Zurich Financial Services settled a $171 million case relating to bid rigging and price fixing in the United States. "Businesses shopping for commercial insurance were deceived into believing they were getting the best deals available," sa
A tea dance called a thé dansant, was a dance held on a summer or autumn afternoon or early evening, from 4 to 7 p.m. In the English countryside, a garden party sometimes preceded the dance; the function evolved from the concept of the afternoon tea, J. Pettigrew traces its origin to the French colonization of Morocco. Books on Victorian-era etiquette, such as Party-giving on Every Scale, included detailed instructions for hosting such gatherings. By 1880, it was noted that "fternoon dances are given in London, but are a popular form of entertainment in the suburbs, in garrison-towns, watering-places, etc." Tea dances were given by Royal Navy officers aboard ships at various naval stations, the expenses shared by the captain and officers, as they were shared by colonels and officers at barrack dances in mess rooms ashore. The usual refreshments in 1880 were tea and coffee, champagne-cup and claret-cup, sandwiches and biscuits. After the introduction of the phonograph, the expected feature was a live orchestra – referred to as a palm court orchestra – or a small band playing light classical music.
The types of dances performed during tea dances included waltzes, tangos and, by the late 1920s, the Charleston. The expenses of a seated supper and candles associated with a ball were obviated by the tea dance. A stiff waxed canvas dancing cloth strained over the drawing-room carpet was considered sufficient, rather than taking up the carpet and waxing the floor in preparation for dancing; the dining room served with the dining-tables arranged at one end as a buffet. For the older generation, a tea dance was a reception akin to an "at home". Floral decorations were modest. Four World Record Tea Dances have been held in the early 21st century. In Glasgow in December 2008, some 408 dancers gained the record during the city's Winterfest celebrations; the programme of music for the event was provided by the Scottish swing dance band That Swing Sensation, with dance hosts the Fly Right Dance Company. The previous record was set in 2005 by a total of 195 couples, who danced in London's Trafalgar Square.
Subsequently, the Royal Opera House in London held a World Record attempt on 8 July 2010 in Trafalgar Square, with the unofficial total being 507 dancers. Hot on the heels of the London event, Glasgow's George Square was the venue for the current official record, set on 12 September 2010, with 4,000 dancers. Tea dances are a common cultural reference in early 20th-century British and American fiction as a staple of genteel society, where people attend these receptions while visiting resort towns coastal ones such as Brighton, the Hamptons, Provincetown, or Ogunquit; the 1925 hit Broadway musical, No, No, features a tea dance as the occasion for the plot's climax: the main characters travel to Atlantic City. In the United States, since the late 20th century, the term has been broadened to refer to any casual afternoon dance event. During an afternoon dance in 1981, the Hyatt Regency walkway in Kansas City, Missouri collapsed, killing 114 people and injuring 200. I-Beam Gay nightclub in San Francisco that had a popular tea dance on Sunday nights from 1978 to 1992.
Tea party Tea The dictionary definition of thé dansant at Wiktionary
St Barnabas's, Bethnal Green
St Barnabas Bethnal Green is a late 19th-century church in Bow, England. It is an Anglican church in the Diocese of London; the church is at the junction of Roman Road and Grove Road in the Bow West ward of London Borough of Tower Hamlets. The building was built in 1865 as a Baptist chapel, to a design by William Wigginton, but was consecrated for the Church of England in 1870, it was built in a Gothic Revival style, banded with red and black. The church was badly damaged by bombing during the Second World War. Following the end of the war the steeple was removed and the church rebuilt, retaining the tower and north and south walls; this remodelling was carried out by J Anthony Lewis of architects Michael Tapper & Lewis, who commissioned the sculptor Don Potter to create "The Four Evangelists" on the outside of the building. Potter created a font in Clipsham stone; the PCC of St Barnabas Bethnal Green supports the Lesbian and Gay Christian Movement and is only the second congregation to have affiliated as a body.
From 2003 to 2012 the church played a key role in St Barnabas Community Fete, whose director was the vicar of St Barnabas Bethnal Green, Father Brian Ralph. Official website St Barnabas Community Fete A Church Near You: St Barnabas Bethnal Green
Sham 69 are an English punk rock band that formed in Hersham in 1975. The band was one of the most successful punk bands in the United Kingdom, achieving five Top 20 singles; the original unit broke up with frontman Jimmy Pursey moving on to pursue a solo career. In 1987, Pursey and guitarist David Parsons reformed the band, joined by new personnel. Although subsequently going through a number of line-up changes, Sham 69 remain active and are still playing gigs as of 2017. Sham 69 formed in Hersham, Surrey in 1975, although known as Jimmy and the Ferrets.'Sham 69' is said to have derived from a piece of graffiti that co-founder Jimmy Pursey saw on a wall. It said Walton and Hersham'69 but had faded away, made reference to when Walton & Hersham F. C. secured the Athenian League title in 1969. The 12 November 1976 issue of NME noted that Sham 69 was rehearsing in 1976, although only Pursey would remain from this early line-up twelve months later. Original guitarists Johnny Goodfornothing and Neil Harris were replaced by Dave Parsons, drummer Billy Bostik by Mark Cain.
Albie Slider remained for the group's first single in 1977 before being replaced by Dave Tregunna. The Pursey/Parsons/Tregunna/Cain line up remained stable until 1979, when Ricky Goldstein took over on drums for the band's fourth album. Sham 69 did not have the art school background of many English punk bands of the time, brought in football chant backup vocals and an implicit political populism; the band attracted a large skinhead following. Their concerts were plagued by violence, the band ceased live performances after a 1979 concert at the Rainbow Theatre in Finsbury Park was broken up by National Front-supporting white power skinheads fighting and rushing the stage. Sham 69 released their first single, "I Don't Wanna", on Step Forward Records in August 1977, produced by John Cale, its success in the independent charts prompted Polydor Records to sign the band, their major label debut was "Borstal Breakout" in January 1978, followed by UK Singles Chart success with "Angels with Dirty Faces" and "If the Kids Are United".
These were not included on the group's debut album, Tell Us the Truth, a mixture of live and studio recordings. The group had further chart success with "Hurry Up Harry", which came from their second LP and first full studio album, That's Life; the band's popularity was enhanced by their performances on Top Of The Pops, the band performed in the film, D. O. A. around this time. Sham 69 would be one of the most successful UK punk rock bands, releasing five singles that cracked the Top 20 chart in the United Kingdom; the band started to move away from punk rock, to embrace a sound influenced by classic British rock bands such as Mott the Hoople, The Who, The Rolling Stones and Faces. This was demonstrated by The Adventures of the Hersham Boys; the original incarnation of Sham 69 broke up in 1980, following the release of the band's fourth album, The Game. Pursey was enormously critical of the album, calling it "a pile of shit" in a 1989 Flipside interview, noting: "I was forced into making it, you understand?
I called it The Game. Like a little roulette wheel where everything we did had all of this political value to it, but it didn't make any difference because you spin the wheel and if it landed on the right number you were all right, the wrong number and you were not all right." Pursey worked with Steve Jones and Paul Cook of the Sex Pistols for a short time under the name Sham Pistols before moving on to a solo recording career. Pursey's first solo album was with Polydor Records, the label for which Sham 69 had recorded, but was a commercial and critical failure; the second solo album, Alien Orphans, was recorded with CBS Records France. For his third solo album, Revenge Is Not the Password, Pursey paid for the recording out of his own pocket in order to maintain artistic freedom. In 1981, Pursey collaborated with Peter Gabriel on the single "Animals Have More Fun", commercially unsuccessful, he became occupied with video production in London, making use of snippets of found video in an effort "to do something anarchic."Rick Goldstein, Dave Parsons, Dave Tregunna joined the 1980s glam punk/gothic rock band The Wanderers with Stiv Bators of The Dead Boys.
Tregunna and Bators recruited Nick Turner of The Barracudas and Brian James of The Damned to form Lords of the New Church. In 1987, Sham 69 were resurrected with a different line-up; the album Live at CBGB's features this line-up. The next studio album, Information Libre, has Patricia de Mayo on keyboards. Andy Prince went on to join the Magic Mushroom Band, Whitewood was replaced on drums by Sonny Boy Williamson, who played on the Soapy Water and Mister Marmalade album and the singles "Uptown", "Action Time & Vision" and "Girlfriend". In late 2006, Sham 69 broke up, Dave Parsons stated his wish to independently continue as'Sham 69'. On 26 January 2007, BBC News announced that Sham 69 had split because of a bitter fallout between Pursey and Parsons. NME reported that a statement released by Parsons included the message: "Sham 69 have left Jimmy Pursey on the eve of their 30th anniversary; the band had become fed up with Jimmy's lac
Neville Eugenton Staple is a Jamaican born English singer for the two-tone ska band, The Specials as well as his own combo, The Neville Staple Band. He sang with Ranking Roger in Special Beat. Staple was born in Jamaica. Neville left Jamaica to live in the English town of Rugby, Warwickshire at the age of five but moved to Coventry, he was active in the sound system scene, forming his own crew called "Jah Baddis". Neville was a regular fixture at the Locarno ballroom in Coventry where he met the resident DJ there, Pete Waterman. Pete wrote the foreword to Neville's biography – "Original Rude Boy" – and managed The Specials. Neville's first involvement with The Specials was when they were still called The Coventry Automatics, prior to Terry Hall and John Bradbury's entrance, he joined as their roadie but at a gig supporting The Clash, Neville took to the stage and never looked back. For a while, The Specials were managed by The Clash's manager Bernard Rhodes of whom Neville toasted "Bernie Rhodes knows don't argue" at the beginning of the Specials hit single "Gangsters"..
However he has said in an interview that the lyric is "Bernie Rhodes Nose" rather than "knows" as the size of their managers nose was always a topic of great amusement amongst the band members. Neville sang lead vocals on some tracks or additional and backing vocals alongside Terry Hall's lead, his early vocal style was toasting or chanting over a rhythm. A forerunner of rapping, brought to Britain in the 1960s by musicians from Jamaica. Neville honed his toasting skills on the sound system scene in Coventry during the 1970s, on his cousin's'Messenger Sound' later his own system called'Jah Baddis', he began singing with the Specials and contributed to many of their songs writings, although got credit. When he joined the Coventry Automatics, the line up included Jerry Dammers, Horace Panter and Silverton Hutchinson on drums. Terry Hall subsequently came in as vocalist, replacing Tim Strickland, Roddy Radiation on lead guitar. John Bradbury would take over on drums from Silverton. Neville participated in a reunion line up of The Specials from 1993 to 2001, again from 2009 to 2012, when he left the band due to personal reasons, as well as some health concerns.
When The Specials split up, Neville departed with Terry Hall and Lynval Golding, to form Fun Boy Three. They had a string of some in collaboration with the all-female trio Bananarama. In 1990, Staple joined Ranking Roger from The Beat to form Special Beat, a revival group playing hits from both former two-tone bands; this was in response to the huge explosion of interest in ska in the United States, the so-called "Third Wave" of ska. Neville moved to California in the 1990s to work with many of these new American ska acts. Bands he collaborated with included No Doubt and Unwritten Law. Neville featured on the song "Explosive" by the Canadian ska band, The Planet Smashers. In 2000, Staple's re-recordings of hits by The Specials and Fun Boy Three were released as The Very Best of the Specials and Fun Boy Three, though without being prominently labelled as a solo work by Staple. Neville worked for many years in the US with various bands and with The Hitmen, including providing a soundtrack for the movie,'Vampires Anonymous' and extensive touring.
In 2004, Neville returned to the UK and formed "The Neville Staple Band", releasing the critically acclaimed album The Rude Boy Returns, with contributions from Clash guitar man Mick Jones and Damned drummer Rat Scabies, with Flipron's Joe Atkinson's on organ. The group featured former members of the British ska band Bad Manners with Warren Middleton - replaced by Spencer Hague) Stephen Armstrong Joe Atkinson and Matty Bane Billy Shinbone Patrick Pretorius. Andy Perriss - Who in Dec 2013, decided to leave the band after more than 12 years, returned to the music business in 2016 after a short break to join The Beat Billy Shinbone succeeded Andy on guitar in 2014. Neville's wife/manager Christine Sugary Staple began performing with the band from 2015/16. Since 2004, Neville has relentlessly toured the UK, The Middle East, Australia & New Zealand with his own band, as well as several successful tours and shows alongside Ranking Roger of The Beat and Pauline Black of The Selecter as Special Beat and Legends of Ska.
He helped to launch the career of Johnny Zee of Bollywood music fame, after managing and producing for him early on. Neville released The Rudeboy Returns album the same year. In 2013 Neville produced a new album called'Ska Crazy' with his band for release May 2014, which includes old ska classic covers and brand new material, his wife Christine Staple and long time friend Daddy Woody, a Jamaican DJ/Artist provide vocals on the album. Neville has worked on various collaborations with'The Mutants' including co-writing 4 tracks on the album –,'The Talks' and Flipron as well as tracks with'The Dub Pistols' and'Duplex'. In 2015 Neville produced'Rudegirl Sounds' by Christine Sugary Staple as well as began more production projects including a new album with his band other musician friends. In 2016 onwards, Neville has continued to collaborate with other artists, including Save Ferris, The Rifffs, Jessy Greene, Save Ferris and Ed Rome, his latest album'Return of Judge Roughneck' was released in Feb 2017 and was co-produced with
Action sports, adventure sports or extreme sports are activities perceived as involving a high degree of risk. These activities involve speed, height, a high level of physical exertion and specialized gear; the definition of extreme sports is not exact and the origin of the terms is unclear, but it gained popularity in the 1990s when it was picked up by marketing companies to promote the X Games and when the Extreme Sports Channel and the Extreme Sports Company launched. More the used definition from research is "a competitive activity within which the participant is subjected to natural or unusual physical and mental challenges such as speed, depth or natural forces and where fast and accurate cognitive perceptual processing may be required for a successful outcome" by Dr. Rhonda Cohen. While use of the term "extreme sport" has spread everywhere to describe a multitude of different activities which sports are considered'extreme' is debatable. There are, several characteristics common to most extreme sports.
While they are not the exclusive domain of youth, extreme sports tend to have a younger-than-average target demographic. Extreme sports are rarely sanctioned by schools for their physical education curriculum. Extreme sports tend to be more solitary than many of the popular traditional sports. Activities categorized by media as extreme sports differ from traditional sports due to the higher number of inherently uncontrollable variables; these environmental variables are weather and terrain related, including wind, snow and mountains. Because these natural phenomena cannot be controlled, they affect the outcome of the given activity or event. In a traditional sporting event, athletes compete against each other under controlled circumstances. While it is possible to create a controlled sporting event such as X Games, there are environmental variables that cannot be held constant for all athletes. Examples include changing snow conditions for snowboarders and ice quality for climbers, wave height and shape for surfers.
Whilst traditional sporting judgment criteria may be adopted when assessing performance, extreme sports performers are evaluated on more subjective and aesthetic criteria. This results in a tendency to reject unified judging methods, with different sports employing their own ideals and indeed having the ability to evolve their assessment standards with new trends or developments in the sports. While the exact definition and what is included as extreme sport is debatable, some attempted to make classification for extreme sports. One argument is. A passenger in a canyon jet boat ride will not fulfill the requirements, as the skill required pertains to the pilot, not the passengers. "Thrill seeking" might in these cases be a more suitable qualification than "extreme sport". Extreme sports may be subdivided into: These sports require the use of snow, ice or water sports and rolling sports. Another subdivision can be made along motorized and non motorized vehicle sports, resulting in the following matrix.
The phrase is. The implication of the phrase was that the word "sport" defined an activity in which one might be killed; the other activities being termed "games". The phrase may have been invented by either writer Barnaby Conrad or automotive author Ken Purdy; the Dangerous Sports Club of Oxford University, England was founded by David Kirke, Chris Baker, Ed Hulton and Alan Weston. They first came to wide public attention by inventing modern day bungee jumping, by making the first modern jumps on 1 April 1979, from the Clifton Suspension Bridge, England, they followed the Clifton Bridge effort with a jump from the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco and with a televised leap from the Royal Gorge Suspension Bridge in Colorado, sponsored by and televised on the popular American television program That's Incredible! Bungee jumping was treated as a novelty for a few years became a craze for young people, is now an established industry for thrill seekers; the Club pioneered a surrealist form of skiing, holding three events at St. Moritz, Switzerland, in which competitors were required to devise a sculpture mounted on skis and ride it down a mountain.
The event reached its limits when the Club arrived in St. Moritz with a London double-decker bus, wanting to send it down the ski slopes, the Swiss resort managers refused. Other Club activities included. In recent decades the term extreme sport was further promoted after the Extreme S
A music festival is a community event oriented towards live performances of singing and instrument playing, presented with a theme such as musical genre, nationality, or locality of musicians, or holiday. Some festivals are focused on women’s music, they are held outdoors, with tents or roofed temporary stages for the performers. Music festivals host other attractions such as food and merchandise vending, crafts, performance art, social or cultural activities. At music festivals associated with charitable causes, there may be information about social or political issues. Many festivals are repeat at some other interval. Some, including many rock festivals, are held only once; some festivals are organized as for-profit concerts and others are benefits for a specific charitable cause. Another type of music festival is the educative type, organized annually in local communities, regionally, or nationally, for the benefit of amateur musicians of all ages and grades of achievement; the Pythian Games at Delphi included musical performances, may be one of the earliest festivals known.
During the Middle Ages, festivals were held as competitions. Another type of music festival is the music education type organized annually in local communities, regionally, or nationally, for the benefit of amateur musicians of all ages and grades of achievement. Entrants perform prepared pieces or songs in front of an audience which includes competitors and friends, members of the community, along with one or more adjudicators or judges; these adjudicators, who may be music teachers, professors, or professional performers, provide verbal and written feedback to each performer or group. The adjudicator may be someone whom they might never meet in any other way, as is the case when an adjudicator from another city is brought in to judge, they usually receive a certificate, classified according to merit or ranking, some may win trophies or scholarships. The competitive element is played down, however, as the important aspect is that participants can learn from one another; such festivals aim to provide a friendly and supportive platform for musicians to share in the excitement of making music.
For many, they provide a bridge from examinations to performing confidently in public. Milwaukee, Wisconsin's 11-day event, promotes itself as "The World's Largest Music Festival", a title certified by the Guinness World Records and has been held since 1999. Operating annually since 1968, the festival attracts between 800,000 and 1,000,000 people each year, hosts over 800 musical acts; the Woodstock Festival in 1969 drew nearly 500,000 attendees, the Polish spin-off Przystanek Woodstock in 2014 drew 750,000 thus becoming the largest open air annual festival in Europe and the second largest in the world. In comparison, the Roskilde Festival in Denmark, attracts about 135,000 spectators each year. Glastonbury Festival has a capacity of about 275,000 spectators, but has "fallow years" every five years, so it is the biggest non-annual greenfield festival in the world; the oldest annual dedicated pop music festival in the world is Pinkpop Festival in the Netherlands, though in other genres, there are much older ones: the Three Choirs Festival in the UK has run annually since 1719.
The Queensland Music Festival, established in 1999 and headquartered in Brisbane Australia, is the largest music festival by land mass, as a state-wide music biennial music festival, over a three week period during July. Upcoming music festival Lists of music festivals in: Australia Belgium Canada Caribbean Central America Cyprus Denmark Finland Germany Greece Israel Italy The Netherlands New Zealand Poland Romania South Korea Singapore United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United StatesLists of music festivals by genre: List of jazz festivals List of metal festivals List of electronic music festivals List of reggae festivals