St Lawrence's Church, Stoak

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St Lawrence's Church, Stoak
St. Lawrence Church, Stoak - geograph.org.uk - 1407356.jpg
St Lawrence's Church, Stoak, from the southwest
St Lawrence's Church, Stoak is located in Cheshire
St Lawrence's Church, Stoak
St Lawrence's Church, Stoak
Location in Cheshire
Coordinates: 53°15′12″N 2°51′55″W / 53.2534°N 2.8654°W / 53.2534; -2.8654
OS grid reference SJ 423 734
Location Stoak, Cheshire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Churchmanship Open Evangelical
History
Dedication St Lawrence
Architecture
Status Team ministry
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II*
Designated 1 June 1967
Architect(s) George Edgecombe
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic Revival
Specifications
Materials Red sandstone, slate roofs
Administration
Parish Ellesmere Port Team
Deanery Wirral South
Archdeaconry Chester
Diocese Chester
Province York

St Lawrence's Church is in the village of Stoak, Cheshire, England, (which lies between the intersection of the M56 and M53 motorways and the Shropshire Union Canal). The church is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.[1] It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Chester, the archdeaconry of Chester, the deanery of Wirral South and the Ellesmere Port team ministry.[2]

History[edit]

A Saxon chapel was originally on the site,[1] it was not mentioned in the Domesday Book but fragments of architecture still present in the 19th century showed that a new church must have been built soon after the Norman conquest. Ormerod quotes sources from the 14th century which stated that at that time the church was "a sumptuous fabric of stone and wood, of great size, with four bells, but was then becoming ruinous".[3] The present church dates from its rebuilding in 1827, undertaken by George Edgecombe (or Edgecumbe), and very little of the original work remains. A further restoration was carried out in 1911–12.[4]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church has a cruciform plan with a west tower, nave, north and south transepts and a chancel.[1] The tower dates from 1827,[4] and is in the style of the 15th century.[1] In the 1827 restoration the north wall was left largely intact,[4] the tower has corner buttresses and is embattled. On its west face is a recessed door above which is a two-light window and over that is a clock in a lozenge tablet,[1] the clock has one hand.[5]

Interior[edit]

The Tudor hammerbeam roof of the nave was also little changed in the 1827 restoration; in the church are an oak parish chest from 1686, some old pews, a Jacobean altar table, a Georgian pulpit and, in the chancel, three old chairs, two of them dating from the time of Charles II. The west gallery incorporates part of the original rood screen,[4] the memorials include a wall monument to Henry Bunbury dated 1732 in marble.[1] They also include 13 memorial boards which are probably by members of the Randle Holme family of Chester.[6] These have dates between 1627 and 1702 and are also mainly to the memory of the Bunbury family,[1][4] the church has the oldest bells in the Wirral which are dated 1615, 1631 and 1642. The parish registers, with one small break, are complete from 1543, and the churchwardens' accounts, with gaps, date from 1677.[4]

External features[edit]

In the churchyard is a red sandstone sundial, probably dating from the 17th century, which is listed at Grade II. It has an octagonal pillar on an octagonal base with the remains of a brass sundial cemented on its top,[7] the churchyard contains the grave of nine-year-old Nelson Burt, son of Albin R. Burt, drowned during the River Mersey hurricane of 1822.[8] The churchyard also contains the war graves of an Army Veterinary Corps soldier of World War I and two airmen of World War II.[9]

Cultural references[edit]

The church, and the grave of Nelson Burt, are mentioned in the song The Unfortunate Gwatkin by the band Half Man Half Biscuit on their 2014 album Urge For Offal.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Historic England, "Church of St Lawrence, Stoke (1139029)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 19 August 2012 
  2. ^ Saint Lawrence, Stoak, Church of England, retrieved 27 January 2011 
  3. ^ Ormerod, George (1882), Thomas Helsby, ed., The History of the County Palatine and City of Chester (2nd ed.), London: George Routledge and Sons, pp. ii: 387–392 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Richards, Raymond (1947), Old Cheshire Churches, London: Batsford, pp. 305–309 
  5. ^ Morant, Roland W. (1989), Cheshire Churches, Birkenhead: Countyvise, p. 175, ISBN 0-907768-18-0 
  6. ^ Hess, John P. (2007–2008), "Backford's Memorial Boards: were they painted by a Randle Holme?", Cheshire History, 47: 34–39, ISSN 0141-8696. 
  7. ^ Historic England, "Sundial, south west of Church of St Lawrence, Stoke (1138372)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 19 August 2012 
  8. ^ "Gravestone of Nelson Burt". Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  9. ^ STOAK (OR STOKE) (ST. LAURENCE) CHURCHYARD, Commonwealth War Graves Commission, retrieved 3 February 2013 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]