St Paul's Walden Bury

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St Paul's Walden Bury

St. Paul's Walden Bury is an English country house and surrounding gardens in the village of St Paul's Walden in Hertfordshire. The house is a Grade II* listed, and the gardens Grade I.

A home of the Bowes-Lyon family, it is possibly the site of the birth of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother.[1]

The house, of red brick with stone dressings and slate roofs, was built in the early 18th century for Edward Gilbert (1680-1762),[2] his daughter Mary married George Bowes of Gibside, Durham, and the estate has been in the possession of the Bowes-Lyon family since 1720.[3] James Paine made alterations to the house in the 1770s,[4] which was also extended to the rear in the late nineteenth century.

Gardens[edit]

The St Paul's Walden Bury gardens' landscape design, which contains areas of woodland, is largely contemporary with the house. Geoffrey Jellicoe (1900 - 1996), the landscape designer, restored and "improved" the 18th-century work. There are three straight grassed allées radiating in patte d'oie formation from the frontage of the house; each allée is flanked by clipped beech hedges.[3] In the 1950s a circular temple designed by James Wyatt was rescued and brought here from Copped Hall, Essex, when that house burned down.[citation needed]

In 1987 the gardens were designated Grade I on the Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1901 England Census, Class RG13, piece 1300, folio 170, p. 5
  2. ^ Historic England. "THE BURY (1307601)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  3. ^ a b "St Paul's Walden Bury". Garden Visit. Retrieved 1 February 2016.
  4. ^ a b Historic England. "St Paul's Walden Bury (1000150)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 11 October 2013.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°52′52″N 0°16′34″W / 51.88111°N 0.27611°W / 51.88111; -0.27611