St Salvator's Hall is a student Hall of residence at the University of St Andrews. It lies close to the quadrangle of the United College, St Andrews and St Salvator's Chapel, a foundation, endowed by King James II of Scotland; the Hall is in an area between The Scores. Architecturally, it has been described as a "rambling Gothic dormitory". In the 1920s, the vice-chancellor of the University of St Andrews, Sir James Irvine made plans to extend university buildings and St Salvator's Hall was one of the first outcomes of this vision; the hall a male-only residence, was built between 1930 and 1933, funded by the American Philanthropist, Edward Harkness and modelled on Oxbridge colleges. The architects were Mills & Shepherd who had built University Hall, it was extended between 1937 and 1939 to the cost of £40,000, underwent a £1.7 million refurbishment in 1994. Since 1971 the building and its sundial have been listed as Grade B by Historic Scotland; the stained glass windows, designed by William Wilson, paintings in its oak-panelled dining room feature associates and benefactors of the University of St Andrews such as David Beaton, James Graham, 1st Marquess of Montrose and Edward Harkness.
On 15 January 1945 many students at the hall became ill after consuming meat that originated from a local butcher contaminated with Arsenic trioxide. Ninety of the 100 men who sat down to lunch were sick with flux. There are 63 shared rooms. In total it houses 196 students; as well as several rooms downstairs the hall has three floors: A, B and C. Until residents of D block were unable to access the main building without going outside, however, a hallway extension was built, allowing interior access. Downstairs there is an oak-panelled Common Room with a Grand Piano and a television provided for the use of students, it is filled with photographs of students from the 1930s to the present day. St Salvator's Hall has its own annexe, Gannochy House, until 2014, housed only postgraduates. Gannochy House received its name from the Gannochy Trust; the annexe is fitted with a study room, laundry facilities and its own courtyard. At the west wing of the building there is a study room. A computer room with pigeon holes for residents' post is situated on the ground floor.
In the west basement there is a snooker table, table tennis, an overhead projector and laundry facilities. It is the setting for movie nights organised by the Hall Committee; the basement was refurbished in the summer of 2009, aided by a generous bequest. The student bedrooms are spread on three floors above. In the early years each bedroom was provided with a fireplace but now they come with a desk, a wardrobe, a bookcase and a wash hand basin. There are bathrooms on each floor; each room offers stunning views of either St Andrews Bay or the edge of the United College Quadrangle and the front lawn. The D-Block extension is connected to the main building by a corridor. Students are catered for 19 meals during the week. Two courses are offered at three courses at dinner; the Hall Committee, headed by Senior Student Iain Paterson, meets weekly in the Common Room. The Hall Committee are responsible for hosting weekly events for residents from themed ceilidhs to pub quizzes and whisky tasting. In addition to this, four members of the Hall Committee for the Executive Committee who work with the residence managers and Wardennial Team The current Warden is Ms. Samantha Lister and the Residence Manager is Ms. Deborah Anderson.
There are an additional four Assistant Wardens who are available each evening for residents to contact. It is used as accommodation for residential camps during the summer. St Salvator's Hall is acknowledged by students to be one of the most prestigious residences for undergraduates in St Andrews and one with its own distinct traditions. A 1965 Guide book described it as "one of the finest students' residences in Britain". A High Table takes place on Thursdays during term time. At each dinner students wear their undergraduate gowns. Latin grace is said by the Warden and all hall residents stand as those on the High Table enter the dining hall. For the Christmas formal dinner all of the Hall Committee sit on the High Table champagne and Christmas carols are enjoyed in the Common Room by all the students. At the end of the academic year a High Table dinner for graduating students is held. Freshers' Week is organised by the hall committee and includes several events designed to integrate new students into life at the university.
The ball is held at the beginning of the second semester and is organised by the Ball Conveners on the Hall Committee. On Sunday 19th of April 2015, the inaugural Honours Shield football match between McIntosh Hall and St Salvator's was played. Managed by Ex-Senior Student, Connor Roberts, St Salvator's won 6–5. Before final exams "Sallies Day" is celebrated on the front lawn where students picnic and drink Pimm's; the hall is well positi
Pinoy Big Brother: Celebrity Edition 1 is the first celebrity season of the Philippine ABS-CBN reality television series Pinoy Big Brother and the second season overall. It was broadcast without a season number, but was officially given the title of Pinoy Big Brother: Celebrity Edition 1 to distinguish it from Pinoy Big Brother: Celebrity Edition 2; the first celebrity edition began on February 5, 2006 and ran for 56 days, ending on April 1, 2006, were hosted by Toni Gonzaga and Mariel Rodriguez. The series was scheduled to start a day before but due to the Wowowee ULTRA stampede that happened earlier that day, the management rescheduled it the next day. Due to the happening, Willie Revillame dropped his hosting stint from the show; the prizes at stake cost three million Philippine pesos, which includes a million pesos for the winning housemate, another million for the winner's chosen charity, another million for the charity of Big Brother's choice. Aside from the cash prizes, a condominium unit in Valenzuela City is at stake.
The Big Brother house, used on this edition is the same as the house used on the first season, although there were some changes in the house's interior. The show began with a welcome party along Manila Bay, they were transported by yacht before the chosen housemates was formally introduced and were taken to the Big Brother House. A prayer, led by Jesuit priest Fr. Tito Caluag, S. J. A minute of silence and a performance of "You Raise Me Up" were done before the show started to commemorate those who have been affected by the Wowowee stampede. Furthermore, Myx VJ Luis Manzano played pinch hitter for Willie Revillame, at the time still devastated by the said stampede. Talk show host Boy Abunda hosted the Big Debate, a debate show which celebrity supporters of the four housemates debate on who should be the winner of the series; the debate was held two nights before the Big Night. The edition uses a different theme song, Sikat Ang Pinoy, by Sam Milby and Toni Gonzaga, although the original theme song Pinoy Ako is used.
The program is produced and can be seen through ABS-CBN, Studio 23, the show's 24/7 cable channel, the internet. The concept for this series is going back to basics. On the first day the Big Brother House had no furniture or appliances, with the exception of the plasma TV and the refrigerator. Part of this series' concept was forcing the housemates to use a stick for brushing their teeth, clay jars and an outdoor kitchen for cooking, bare hands for eating, a water pump for potable water. All pieces of furniture provided to them were made of bamboo. After two weeks, Big Brother lifted the "Back to Basics" concept after seeing the housemates adapting to the said lifestyle, despite difficulties; the Forbidden Room, a pink-walled room with beds and mattresses reserved only for eviction nominees, became the ladies' bedroom, while the bamboo beds in the eventual men's bedroom were covered with mattresses. Earlier, they were provided with a microwave oven, an electric stove and some toothbrushes and were allowed to use the swimming pool at any time, as well as wearing footwear indoors.
Sofas replaced the bamboo benches in the living room. Below are the housemates. Rather than twelve in the original edition, fourteen were chosen for this edition and are listed below in order of introduction. Days before the Grand Welcome Party, only their feet were shown. However, in the morning of the Grand Welcome Party's new date, the Philippine Star prematurely published a full-page advertisement showing the new housemates in full view. Similar to the franchise's previous seasons, Big Brother invited guests to his house for special purposes. Notable houseguest for this season were Jasmine Trias, Sandara Park, Jason Gainza, Nene Tamayo and Tirso Cruz III. February 21: Gretchen left the house on after Big Brother allowed Gretchen to report to her superiors in the Philippine Air Force, where she serves as a second-class airwoman, to face a summary investigation about her being AWOL, as reported by the Philippine Daily Inquirer, he did this in the proviso that she cannot talk to anyone except those who were investigating her and she must return to the house 24 hours after she left.
She returned 14 hours after the Philippine Air Force authorized her to continue her stint in the show. February 23: Rico and Aleck had their heads shaved in exchange for P100,000 for each of their beneficiaries: Aleck's father and Mich's caretaker. Rico took what is supposed to be Mich's sacrifice because the latter was advised not to do so due to her emotional anxiety, their hair was donated to make wigs for young cancer patients. February 28: Rustom came out of the closet on national TV by revealing to fellow housemate Keanna Reeves that he is a homosexual. Although parts of it were aired in the day as it is traditionally, it was aired the next day in its entirety. March 6–7: Jasmine Trias visited the housemates and stayed in the house overnight. March 10: Gretchen and Rico temporarily "exited" the house as sacrifice for their nominated friends Aleck and Roxanne respectively, it turns out that it was a task to test their trust to their friends. Gretchen and Rico returned in the wee hours of the next day.
Voting was not affected regardless. March 22: After Rustom's exit, it was announced that Toni handed over her main hosting chores to Mariel, starting the next day. Season 1 contestants Say Alonzo and Uma Khouny would take over as hosts of UpLate. Luis would host the last eviction night. At the time, Toni had her official engagements in the United States, she only returned on the night of the Teen Editio
The Hunter 27 Edge is an American trailerable sailboat, designed in 2006 by the Hunter Design Team as a hybrid motorsailer and first built in 2008. The design was sold by the manufacturer under the marketing name TheEDGE, but is now referred to as the Hunter 27 Edge; the design was built by Hunter Marine in the United States between 2008 and 2012, but it is now out of production. The Hunter 27 Edge is a small recreational motorsailer, built predominantly of fiberglass, it has a fractional sloop B&R rig, a raked stem, a walk-through reverse transom with a swimming platform, an internally-mounted spade-type rudder controlled by a wheel and a retractable centerboard keel. The design displaces 3,450 lb empty of ballast, 5,048 lb with full water ballast and carries 1,598 lb of flooding water ballast; the ballast is drained for road transport and powered use. The boat has a draft of 4.92 ft with the centreboard extended and 1.57 ft with it retracted, allowing beaching or ground transportation on the included factory standard trailer.
The Hunter 27 Edge can be fitted with an outboard motor of up to 75 hp, which can produce speeds of over 20 kn in planing mode without water ballast. The design was advertised as being suitable for towing water skiers; the fuel tank holds 6 U. S. gallons and the fresh water tank has a capacity of 2.5 U. S. gallons. The design has a hull speed of 6.59 kn when in displacement mode. List of sailing boat typesRelated development Hunter 27 Hunter 27-2 Hunter 27-3 Hunter 27XSimilar sailboats Gougeon 32 Hunter 19-2 Hunter 23.5 Hunter 240 Hunter 260 MacGregor 26 Official factory brochure
Die Psychologie des Verbrechers – Kriminalpsychologie was a book written by Dr. med. Paul Pollitz and published in Leipzig, Germany, in 1916, it is a summary of previous findings on psychological and economic characteristics of criminals for a variety of different crime types based on the statistics of the early 20th century. The focus lies on three main causes for committing crimes, which can interact or are presented in solitude; these causes depict crimes as a result of socio-economic circumstances, impaired psyche, and/ or personality of the criminal. The book is divided into five main categories, which include an introduction to the necessity of criminal psychology, followed by the second section on Lombroso's theory of a criminal's psychological characteristics. Afterwards, the third main section, namely general criminal psychology and statistics, presents different frequency numbers and trends of crimes in various background, including for instance sex, age and marriage relations to crime.
Furthermore, the fourth main section deals with specific criminal psychology and describes crimes of people with mental illnesses, prostitution and others. The closing words highlight the areas, which the author believes to be most crucial to interfere with in order to decrease the frequency of crime. During the end of the 19th century, criminal psychology became known as a proper field of studies due to Cesare Lombroso's research on characteristics of the "criminal man". Inspired by Charles Darwin published theory of evolution, Lombroso conducted anthropological research and performed extensive analyses on physiological, psychological and ethnological characteristics of criminals. Based on his results, he concluded that a habitual criminal can be seen as a regression of the human being to his roots as a wild, uncivilized person; this regression is called atavism, according to Lombroso, explains a large number of criminal acts. Further, Lombroso stated that criminality is an inheritable feature which can be detected by presence of tattoos or a felon's physiognomy, meaning measurements based on visible face and skull characteristics.
Charles Goring was the first to refute a relation of physical aspects and criminality-likelihood with an extensive study that compared non-criminals to convicts on numerous physical features and mental abilities. Goring's results, published in 1913, could not support Lombroso's findings on inheritable criminality. In the presently reviewed book, Pollitz refers to Lombroso and his theory's current status in criminal psychology. Pollitz denies the correctness of Lombroso's investigations on criminal physiognomy, as at that time the accuracy of such measures has been discredited. However, Lombroso's notes on the lack of empathy, cold-hearted cruelty and indifference, on tattoos and racketeer language are picked up at parts of the book. Moreover, Pollitz supports Lombroso's description of the habitual female criminal, whose physical built is very similar to a man's body. In the following topics of the book, Pollitz bases several sub-topics on areas that Lombroso identified as being significant to criminal statistics and crucial to consider in mathematical analyses.
Pollitz emphasizes the importance of statistics in criminal psychology, for which it is essential to inspect the reasons for a decrease or increase in criminality. Here are a few examples of his disquisition on criminal statistics: At the time of publication, a small step in the direction of improving emancipation could be observed by decreasing marriage rates and an increasing variety of work that women took part in; the slight reluctance to such independence might be sensed when reading through Pollitz's description of sex differences in criminal acts. By quoting other authors on criminality, he supports the point that women who are participating in non-traditional work would lead to a larger amount of criminal women, as this work is not in accord with the “Natur des Geschlechts”. Additionally, Pollitz justifies the far higher number of male criminals, which has a ratio of 5:1 to female criminals, with the higher number of possible crimes that men can be prosecuted for; as an example, he indicates child's murder or abortion to be hardly provable, whereas men could be found guilty for sex crimes.
Furthermore, Pollitz describes that the mentioned ratio varies between different crime types and perjury shows a much higher ratio for women than for men. Perjury is described as a typical "female crime", justified by the following observation: "Nicht nur die Unfähigkeit der Frauen, Erlebtes und Beobachtetes ohne Beimengung von Erfundenem und Phantastischem zu reproduzieren, sondern auch die starke Gefühlsbeeinflussung macht sie zu unsicheren Zeuginnen, besonders wenn eigene Interessen mit in Frage kommen." At the time of publication, the law prevented any mentally disabled person to be responsible for his or her actions. The first described type of psychological characteristics related to crime reminds of the DSM-5's characteristics for antisocial personality disorder, which Pollitz explains to be heritable; as an illustration of such, he shows a pedigree with all the crimes existent in that family. However, it is important to note that with the example itself, he does not claim "lunatics" to
Philippe George "Phil" Hardy was an English film and music industry journalist. He was born in Scarborough, Yorkshire in 1945 and studied at the University of Sussex, 1964-1969, he was a visiting student at the University of Berkeley. At Sussex he was a member of the committee of students, including Mike Robinson and Gary Herman, who ran the University of Sussex Film Society in 1968-1969, during which time the Society launched The Brighton Film Review, he worked as a freelance music and screenwriter, writing for Time Out and other publications while at the same time acting as a consultant on music business issues for bodies such as the Greater London Enterprise Board and the World Bank. In 1986 he travelled to Eritrea and Sudan to research and write the documentary film, Food Trucks & Rock'n' Roll about how the money raised by Band Aid was spent in Africa, he was the founding editor of Music and Copyright, a biweekly newsletter offering news and analysis on the international music industry. The newsletter was bought by the Informa Media Group and in 2008 Hardy left to publish and edit the online newsletter www.theviewfromtheboundary.com Hardy spoke and contributed on copyright issues at many music business conferences.
He wrote or edited several books on music and film, including Samuel Fuller, The Encyclopedia of Horror Movies, The British Film Institute Companion to Crime. With Dave Laing, he edited The Encyclopedia of Rock, The Faber Companion to 20th Century Popular Music, he was the chief editor and contributing writer of The Aurum Film Encyclopedia. His Western Encyclopedia won the BFI Book Award in 1984. In 2012 he self-published Dire Straits, an account of the 12 major music markets in 2010-2011, as a Kindle book, his account of the last 20 or so years of the record industry, Download!: How Digital Destroyed the Record Industry, was published in early 2013 by Omnibus Press. A book about music publishing and copyright administration since 2000, Nickels & Dimes, was scheduled to be published in May 2014. At the time of his death he was working on a history of the Universal Music Group, Building the World’s Largest Record Company. With Dave Laing, he co-owned a major photo library of promotional photos of rock stars.
Hardy died unexpectedly in Norfolk in 2014, aged 69
Palma is one of the largest main-belt asteroids. It is a B-type asteroid, it was discovered by Auguste Charlois on August 1893, in Nice. It is thought to be named for the capital city of Majorca, an island in the Balearics, which are located south of France, it is one of seven of Charlois's discoveries that were expressly named by the Astromomisches Rechen-Institut. Since 2000, it has been observed 14 times in an asteroid occultation event, a number of which produced multiple chords revealing the asteroid's size and shape. On September 13, 2018, it was revealed to be 120 miles long. However, it will never hit the Earth since it is in a fixed orbit around the Sun between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter. List of exceptional asteroids Asteroid 372 Palma / Andromeda Galaxy Transit 372 Palma at AstDyS-2, Asteroids—Dynamic Site Ephemeris · Observation prediction · Orbital info · Proper elements · Observational info 372 Palma at the JPL Small-Body Database Close approach · Discovery · Ephemeris · Orbit diagram · Orbital elements · Physical parameters