The boroughs of Amsterdam are the eight principal subdivisions of the municipality of Amsterdam, Netherlands. Each borough is governed by an elected district committee. The first Amsterdam boroughs were created in 1981, with other boroughs created in years, the last area to be granted the status of borough was Amsterdam-Centrum. The existing system of eight boroughs, covering all parts of Amsterdam, is the result of a major reform in 2010. The current boroughs have populations of around 80,000 to 140,000, until 2014, the Amsterdam boroughs had the status of submunicipalities, a form of government which existed only in Amsterdam and Rotterdam. The borough of Westpoort, was governed by the municipal authorities. The submunicipalities were recognized under the Dutch Municipalities Act and enjoyed far-going autonomy, with the municipal authorities abiding to the submunicipalities decide. The submunicipalities were governed by an elected district council as well as a separate district executive board.
The central municipal authorities retained some power, especially in the areas of public order, public transport, in 2013, the Dutch parliament adopted a revision of the Municipalities Act abolishing submunicipalities as a form of government. Since the 2014 municipal elections, the Amsterdam district councils have ceased to exist, under a municipal ordinance, they were replaced by smaller, but still directly elected district committees. Each district committee elects three of its members to form an executive committee, the district committees jurisdiction is determined by the central municipal council. As the new district committees depend on powers being delegated by the municipal council. Since 2010, the eight Amsterdam boroughs are, Amsterdam-Centrum Amsterdam-Noord Amsterdam Nieuw-West Amsterdam-Oost Amsterdam-West Amsterdam Westpoort Amsterdam-Zuid Amsterdam Zuidoost
A neighbourhood, or neighborhood, is a geographically localised community within a larger city, suburb or rural area. Neighbourhoods are often social communities with considerable face-to-face interaction among members, the Old English word for neighbourhood was neahdæl. ”Most of the earliest cities around the world as excavated by archaeologists have evidence for the presence of social neighbourhoods. Historical documents shed light on life in numerous historical preindustrial or nonwestern cities. Neighbourhoods are typically generated by social interaction among people living near one another, in this sense they are local social units larger than households not directly under the control of city or state officials. In addition to social neighbourhoods, most ancient and historical cities had administrative districts used by officials for taxation, record-keeping, administrative districts are typically larger than neighbourhoods and their boundaries may cut across neighbourhood divisions. In some cases, administrative districts coincided with neighbourhoods, for example, in the T’ang period Chinese capital city Chang’an, neighbourhoods were districts and there were state officials who carefully controlled life and activity at the neighbourhood level.
Neighbourhoods in preindustrial cities often had some degree of social specialisation or differentiation, ethnic neighbourhoods were important in many past cities and remain common in cities today. One factor contributing to neighbourhood distinctiveness and social cohesion in past cities was the role of rural to urban migration and this was a continual process in preindustrial cities, and migrants tended to move in with relatives and acquaintances from their rural past. Neighbourhoods have been the site of delivery or service interventions in part as efforts to provide local, quality services. Alfred Kahn, as early as the mid-1970s, described the experience and fads of neighbourhood service delivery over the decade, including discussion of income transfers. Neighbourhoods, as an aspect of community, are the site of services for youth, including children with disabilities. While the term neighbourhood organisation is not as common in 2015, community and economic development activists have pressured for reinvestment in local communities and neighbourhoods.
Community and Economic Development may be understood in different ways, and may involve faith-based groups, urban sociology even has a subset termed neighbourhood sociology which supports the study of local communities and the diversity of urban neighbourhoods. Neighbourhoods are used in studies from postal codes and health disparities. Neighbourhoods are convenient, and always accessible, since you are already in your neighbourhood when you walk out your door, successful neighbourhood action frequently requires little specialised technical skill, and often little or no money. Action may call for an investment of time, but material costs are often low, with neighbourhood action, compared to activity on larger scales, results are more likely to be visible and quickly forthcoming. The streets are cleaner, the crosswalk is painted, the trees are planted and swift results are indicators of success, and since success is reinforcing, the probability of subsequent neighbourhood action is increased.
The social support that a neighbourhood may provide can serve as a buffer against various forms of adversity
De Negen Straatjes is a neighborhood of Amsterdam, Netherlands. It consists of nine streets of the Prinsengracht, Herengracht. Together they form a sub-neighborhood within the larger western Grachtengordel, one with small and diverse shops. The construction in this area back to the first half of the 17th century. The Negen Straatjes is bordered on the north by the Raadhuisstraat, the idea to promote the Nine Little Streets as a shopping area came from Djoeke Wessing. Still a local shop keeper, she wanted a name for the area to give the same allure as the Jordan. This, she felt, would promote cooperation and business growth, the Association of The 9 Streets was founded on November 12,1996. Nobody thought it was a name at the time, but the name has stuck. In recent years the Hazenstraat, a street of the Elandsgracht in the Jordaan
The Kadijken, known as Kadijkseiland or Kadijkenbuurt, is a neighbourhood to the north of Artis zoo in the centre of Amsterdam. The name Kadijken is the form of Kadijk and refers to the two main streets that traverse the neighbourhood, Hoogte Kadijk and Laagte Kadijk. The neighbourhood is cut into two halves, a western part and a smaller western part, by a former complex of sluice gates that forms a canal between the Nieuwe Vaart and Entrepotdok canals. This canal isolates the western part of the neighbourhood from the rest of the city, connecting the two main streets, Hoogte en Laagte Kadijk, is a small street appropriately named Tussen Kadijken. The small street Buiten Kadijken runs from Hoogte Kadijk to Nieuwe Vaart canal, at the corner of Hoogte Kadijk and Buiten Kadijken is a pillar topped with a sculpture of a falcon with a crown on its head. This is a replica of a sculpture that stood here for many years as a trademark of the beer brewery De Gekroonde Valk. The western edge of the neighbourhood is formed by Kadijkenplein square with the Zeemanshuis, from the square, a cast-iron bridge leads across Nieuwe Herengracht canal.
Behind the bridge are the Scharrebiersluis sluice gates, both the bridge and the sluice gates were constructed in 1906. The neighbourhood has about 3,000 inhabitants, there about 1,700 residences, primarily in the western part of the neighbourhood. Of those, 70% is rented, and the remaining 30% is privately owned, the eastern part of the neighbourhood is less residential, this area is dominated by offices and workshops. The many former warehouses and shipyards in the Kadijken are a reminder of the neighbourhoods past as an area of town dominated by shipping, Werfmuseum t Kromhout and Koning William, both on Hoogte Kadijk, are still in use as shipyards. The eastern hall of Werfmuseum t Kromhout is now a museum, the neighbourhood has a large number of rijksmonumenten, including the warehouses on Entrepotdok, the Sibbelwoningen on Hoogte Kadijk and a series of 17th- and 18th-century houses. In this area, a dike, the Nieuwe Zeedijk, had been constructed beyond the original Sint Antoniesdijk dike. A kadijk is the outer, lower dike within a set of two dikes to keep a river, from flooding.
During the city expansion, the Nieuwe Zeedijk was raised and the part was called Hoogte Kadijk. The Kadijken rapidly developed into an area dominated by shipyards, the south side was originally used for recreation, but from the early part of the 18th century this part of the neighbourhood was filled with warehouses and other buildings for storage of goods. In 1827 the Rapenburgergracht, as the canal along the edge of the neighbourhood was called, was taken over by the Dutch national government. The government established the Algemeen Rijksentrepot there, which allowed goods in transit to be stored and transferred from one ship to another without the need to pay excise duties
Amsterdam-Centrum is the inner-most borough of Amsterdam, Netherlands. Established in 2002, Amsterdam-Centrum was the last area in the city to be granted the status of self-governing borough, the borough is only 8.04 km2 large and covers the old innercity and the UNESCO-listed Amsterdam canal belt. In 2013, the borough had approximately 85,000 inhabitants, since the 2014 municipal elections, the district councils have been abolished and replaced by smaller, but still directly elected district committees. The district committees are elected every four years, on the day as the citys central municipal council. Each district committee elects three of its members to form an executive committee, the district committees jurisdiction is determined by the central municipal council. The former district council of Amsterdam-Centrum originally had 27 members but was enlarged in 2006 with two extra members, the last district executive board president was Jeanine van Pinxteren, who had succeeded Els Iping and Anne Lize van der Stoel.
The new district committee of Amsterdam-Centrum consists of 13 members, the committee was elected on March 19,2014. Five national political parties are represented in the committee, on April 7,2014, the committee elected its executive committee. Executive committee chair is Boudewijn Oranje, the members are Jeanine van Pinxteren. The borough office of Amsterdam-Centrum is located at City Hall, known as the Stopera building
Holysloot is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Amsterdam, and lies about 9 km northeast of the city centre, the name Holysloot probably derives from an expression for a low-lying area at a ditch. Holysloot is a part of the deelgemeente Amsterdam-Noord, the village has about 160 inhabitants. Holysloot was a municipality between 1 May 1817 and 1 January 1818, when it was merged with Ransdorp
Durgerdam is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Amsterdam, and lies about 7 km east of the city centre, durgerdam is a part of the deelgemeente Amsterdam-Noord. The village has about 430 inhabitants, durgerdam was a separate municipality between 1 May 1817, and 1 January 1818, when it was merged with Ransdorp. Durgerdam hosted the 2nd pit-stop in The Amazing Race 12, a reality show that circles the globe
Amsterdam-Noord is a borough of Amsterdam, Netherlands. The borough is situated north of the IJ lake, the body of water separates it from central Amsterdam. On the northwest and northern side the borough borders the municipalities of Zaanstad, Landsmeer, there are 5 passenger ferries for pedestrians and bicycles. There are bus connections with the centre and other parts of Amsterdam and with Purmerend, because the area is physically separated from the rest of the Amsterdam conurbation it is not served by trams. The area will be served by metro when the under construction North-South line opens, Official website Official website for tourists/visitors
Sloten is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Amsterdam, and lies about 6 km west of the city centre, Sloten was a separate municipality until 1921. During the 1928 Summer Olympics, it hosted the rowing events, andreas Peter Cornelius Sol J. Kuyper, Gemeente Atlas van Nederland, 1865-1870, Sloten. Map of the municipality, around 1868
North Holland is a province in the northwest of the Netherlands. It is situated on the North Sea, north of South Holland and Utrecht, in 2015, it had a population of 2,762,163 and a total area of 2,670 km2. From the 9th to the 16th century, the area was a part of the County of Holland. During this period West Friesland was incorporated, in the 17th and 18th century, the area was part of the province of Holland. At that time, the distinction between the Noorderkwartier and the Zuiderkwartier became common, in 1840, the province of Holland was split into the two provinces of North Holland and South Holland. In 1855, the Haarlemmermeer was drained and turned into land, the capital and seat of the provincial government is Haarlem, and Amsterdam, the Netherlands capital city, is the provinces largest city. The Kings Commissioner of North Holland is Johan Remkes, there are 51 municipalities and three water boards in the province. For most of its history, the province of North Holland was an integral part of Holland.
From the 9th century to the 16th century, Holland was a county ruled by the counts of Holland, during this period an area known as West Friesland was conquered and integrated into Holland. For centuries afterwards Holland would be officially called Holland and West Friesland, the people of West Friesland had a strong sense of identity as a region within Holland. From the 16th century to 1795, Holland was the wealthiest and most important province in the United Provinces in the Dutch Republic, as the richest and most powerful province, Holland dominated the union. During this period a distinction was made between the North Quarter and the South Quarter, areas that roughly correspond to the two modern provinces. The province of North Holland as it is today has its origins in the period of French rule from 1795 to 1813 and this was a time of bewildering changes to the Dutch system of provinces. In 1795 the old order was swept away and the Batavian Republic was established, in the Constitution enacted on 23 April 1798, the old borders were radically changed.
The republic was reorganised into eight departments with roughly equal populations, Holland was split up into five departments named Texel, Delf, Schelde en Maas, and Rijn. The first three of these lay within the borders of the old Holland, the two were made up of parts of different provinces. In 1801 the old borders were restored when the department of Holland was created and this reorganisation had been short-lived, but it gave birth to the concept of breaking up Holland and making it a less powerful province. This time the two departments were called Amstelland and Maasland and this did not last long