Stagecoach Inn (California)

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Grand Union Hotel
Stagecoach Inn.jpg
Stagecoach Inn, September 2008
Location51 Ventu Park Rd., Newbury Park, California
Coordinates34°10′41″N 118°54′41″W / 34.17806°N 118.91139°W / 34.17806; -118.91139Coordinates: 34°10′41″N 118°54′41″W / 34.17806°N 118.91139°W / 34.17806; -118.91139
Built1876
NRHP reference #75000495
CHISL #659
Significant dates
Added to NRHPDecember 30, 1975[2]
Designated CHISL1958[1]

The Stagecoach Inn in Newbury Park, California, originally known as the Grand Union Hotel, was used as a resting area for people who traveled from Los Angeles to Santa Barbara.[3] Besides a hotel and stagecoach stop, it has also been used as a post office, church, restaurant and military school.[4] It is California Historical Landmark no. 659 and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places. It played a major role in the development of the stage line transportation network in California.[5] The hotel was also the first business venture in the Conejo Valley.[6]

Today, the inn is owned by the Conejo Recreation and Park Department and operated as a historic museum. The museum includes a replica of Timber School (originally built in 1889), a carriage house and blacksmith shop, nature trail, and the 'Tri-Village', a small group of three houses: the pioneer house, the adobe, and the Chumash 'ap. There is also a gift shop located inside the museum. Volunteers operate the museum, although it is run by the Conejo Valley Historical Society. There is also a Jr. Docent program for children and teenagers aged 8–18. It is a dominant cultural- and educational gathering place for thousands of residents and visitors to Newbury Park.[7]

The Stagecoach Inn is allegedly haunted, and is considered one of California's most famous haunted places.[8]

The Stagecoach Inn is open Wednesday through Sunday, from 1-4 pm., in Newbury Park, CA.

Names and owners[edit]

The Stagecoach Inn has had a variety of names and owners:[9][10]

  • 1876-1878: James Hammell (Grand Union Hotel and El Grande Hotel[11][12])
  • 1878-1885 : J.B. Redfield (Hammell House)
  • 1885-1926 Cecil- and Cicelie Haigh (Conejo Hotel at Timberville, later Big Hotel)
  • 1926-1957 Simon- and Ethel Hays (several, including The Old Hotel and Roadhouse[10])
  • 1957-1964: H. Allen Hays (Conejo Recreation and Park District took over operations in 1964)

History[edit]

Replica of a Chumash 'ap at the Tri-Village Complex.

James Hammell was a carpenter in Santa Barbara who planned to construct a hotel along the stagecoach route from Los Angeles to Santa Barbara. After talking to John Edwards about his plans in the late 19th century, Hammell purchased 900 acres of land from Edwards. Near what is now Highway 101 and Ventu Park Road is where Hammell first began constructing the hotel.[13] El Grande Hotel (Grand Union Hotel) was constructed in 1876 and was originally planned as a stopover for travelers between Los Angeles and Santa Barbara. It was constructed using redwood from Northern California. When it arrived in Port Hueneme, it was freighted up the Conejo Grade when brought to Stagecoach Inn.[11]

Conejo Hotel at Timberville, 1880s.
The "Historic Sycamore Tree" is a 300-year-old tree which is a designated county- and city landmark.[14]

It was originally constructed in 1876 near what is now the Ventura Freeway and Ventu Park Road. Its redwood lumber came by sea and was freighted up the steep Conejo Grade (between Newbury Park and Camarillo) by multiteam wagons. One month before the hotel's grand opening, the Coast Line Stage Company changed its routes from Conejo Valley to Santa Clara Valley, which meant an end to Hammell's prospects of a mainline stage stop. Hammell did not cancel his plans, but instead opened the hotel on July 4, 1876, and publicized it as a “health- and pleasure resort”. A countywide newspaper reported: “Shooting, fishing, bathing, and a first-rate table are among the good things on hand for visitors.”[15]

Following the drought of 1877-78 James Hammell no longer owned the hotel. After passing through several owners, it was purchased in 1885 by Cecil Haigh, an Englishman. H. Allen Hays, grandson of Cecil Haigh, gave the building and about four acres of land at the present location to the CVHS, who later deeded the property to the Conejo Recreation and Park District in return for a 50-year renewable lease to operate the facilities for cultural and educational purposes. In the 1960s, the hotel was threatened with demolition by the expansion of the Ventura Freeway, but it was granted Historical Landmark status and moved to its present location in 1965. On April 25, 1970, a fire entirely destroyed the museum and its contents. Although the reconstructed museum was dedicated and opened on July 4, 1976, the second floor was not completed until 1980. The structure was rebuilt using the original Monterey style architecture.

Historic designation[edit]

It was designated Ventura County Historic Landmark No. 30 in 1965, and designated California Historical Landmark No. 659 and placed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1976.[16] It is City of Thousand Oaks Historical Landmark No. 1.[10][17][18]

Also on the museum grounds is the Timber School, a replica of the 1889 school. On July 13, 2004, the Thousand Oaks City Council voted unanimously to declare the Timber School on Newbury Road City Landmark No. 12.[19][20]

Historic Sycamore Tree[edit]

On the museum grounds, near the Tri-Village Complex, is a historic 250+ year old sycamore tree. The tree was designated Ventura County Landmark No. 44 on May 1, 1978, due to its “great age, size, and formation.”[17] The tree is also designated Thousand Oaks City Landmark No. 2.[21] The tree has served as a polling place, resting place, post office, and outdoor chapel. Furthermore, General John C. Frémont passed by this tree in 1846 on his way to sign a treaty with General Andrés Pico to secure California's annexation to the U.S.[22] The Chumash Indians are said to have bent the lower branches to mark the location of underground water.[23]

Exhibits[edit]

Grand Union Hotel originally operated as a health resort.[24]
Sign by Nature Trail to the Tri-Village Complex.

The hotel is home to permanent exhibits such as the Carriage House and Blacksmith Shop, Anderson Exhibit Hall, Tri-Village and The Timber School.[25] It is home to the Tri-Village which represents three historic eras in the Conejo Valley: the Newbury Pioneer House, a Spanish Adobe, and a reconstructed Chumash village. The exhibits are changing routinely.[26][27] Temporary exhibits as of July 2018 include an exhibit dedicated to Jungleland USA, an exhibit of vintage dresses, and mammoth bones through the exhibit “Fossils of the Conejo Valley.”[28]

Minerals, shells and fossils have been on display here.[29] Chumash pictographs have also been on display here. The 4-acre surrounding park contains a collection of carriages, stagecoaches and wagons.[30]

  • Stagecoach Inn: The main part of the museum is the reconstructed 1876 hotel. Items on display relate to local history, American history, and the Victorian era. Upstairs are the private-, family- and traveler's wings. Certain rooms function as changing exhibit areas, while other rooms are displayed as they might have looked at the time of the hotel's operation.[31] A gift shop is also located on the main floor.
  • Anderson Exhibit Hall: The basement level of the hotel is accessed from a separate door, and is home to permanent displays of Chumash artifacts as well as items pertaining to the local natural history and archeology.[32] This exhibit also houses fossils, a butterfly collection, as well as rock- and mineral exhibits.[33]
  • Nature Trail: 0.5-mile (0.8 km) path which begins at the bridge behind the hotel and ends in the Tri-Village. It follows a stream in an oak tree forest where various native plants can be seen along the trail. Interpretive signs explaining endemic flora and local history have also been put up along the trail. The trail leads to the Tri-Village Complex, an outdoor beehive oven, a restored carriage house, a windmill, and a vast display of antique ranch equipment and older carriages.[34][35]
  • Tri-Village Complex: The complex features three structures representing the three historic periods in which various groups inhabited the Conejo Valley: Native-Americans are represented by a reconstructed Chumash house, known as 'ap, while Mexican vaqueros are represented by an adobe house. Early European settlers are represented by a replica of Egbert Starr Newbury's original 1874 house. Furthermore, the Tri-Village is also home of an over 250 year old Sycamore tree, which is designated both Ventura County- and City of Thousand Oaks Landmarks.[36][37]
  • Timber School: Replica of the 1889 school which originally was located near the corner of Newbury- and Kelley Roads.[38]
  • Carriage House and Blacksmith Shop: A carriage house, windmill and former blacksmith shop are also found on the premises. The Carriage House contains numerous authentic 19th century stagecoaches, tools and farm and broom making implements.[38]

The premises are also home to a botanical garden, The Heritage Rose Garden, which contains over 35 species of heirloom roses dating from 1752. A memorial brick path winds through the gardens.[39]

Stagecoach Inn Park[edit]

View from Angel Vista, a peak reached from the Rosewood Trail.

Stagecoach Inn Park sits adjacent to the Stagecoach Inn, located at the corner of Lynn- and Ventu Park Roads. The 4.9 acre park was acquired by the Conejo Recreation & Park District in 1968, and later developed into a neighborhood park in 1985. A creek runs through the park on one edge, and the premises houses a 425-year old Sycamore tree. The park has a playground, public restrooms, picnic tables, barbecue grills, and an outdoor basketball court.[40]

The Rosewood Trail to the 1,603 ft. peak Angel Vista in the Santa Monica Mountains can be reached from the park. Hikers may park at the park and access the Rosewood Trail from its trailhead immediately across Lynn Road from the Stagecoach Inn Park.[41]

Conejo Valley Historical Society[edit]

The Conejo Valley Historical Society was established on October 9, 1964, as an effort to save the Stagecoach Inn from potential demolition due to expansion of the Ventura Freeway. Its members were able to save the structure and was also successful in having it declared California State Landmark No. 659. Allen Hays, the grandson of Cecil and Cicelie Haigh, donated the Stagecoach Inn and four adjacent acres of land to the Conejo Valley Historical Society. The society deeded the site to the Conejo Recreation and Park District (CRPD) in return for a renewable lease to operate and manage stagecoach for cultural- and educational purposes. The society helped prepare it as a museum after the 1965 move, and the society made immediate plans for rebuilding the structure after the April 1970 fire.[42][43]

The Conejo Valley Historical Society frequently hold meetings and events at the Stagecoach Inn.[44]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stagecoach Inn". Office of Historic Preservation, California State Parks. Retrieved 2012-10-15.
  2. ^ National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  3. ^ Merritt, Jackie and Brian (1993). California. MPC. Page 144. ISBN 9780861904648.
  4. ^ O’Brien, Tricia (2017). Thousand Oaks and Westlake Village. Arcadia Publishing. Page 13. ISBN 9781439661956.
  5. ^ Sprankling, Miriam and Ruthanne Begun (2006). Historical Tour of the Conejo Valley. Conejo Valley Historical Society. Page 5. ISBN 0-9725233-4-0.
  6. ^ Sprankling, Miriam and Ruthanne Begun (2012). Tales and Voices of the Conejo. Newbury Park, CA: Conejo Valley Historical Society. Page 9. ISBN 0-9725233-6-7.
  7. ^ Fargo, Donna (1983). Conejo Valley Days: A Brief History of the Golden Conejo. Thousand Oaks, CA: Farland Enterprises. Page 2.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-05-27. Retrieved 2011-01-09.
  9. ^ O’Brien, Tricia (2017). Thousand Oaks and Westlake Village. Arcadia Publishing. Page 12. ISBN 9781439661956.
  10. ^ a b c "Stagecoach Inn Detail". Stagecoach Inn Museum.
  11. ^ a b Schroeder, Anne (2000). Branches on the Conejo: Leaving the Soil After Five Generations. Russell Dean & Company. Page 85. ISBN 9781891954993.
  12. ^ Needham, Beth (1990). Newbury Park. Thousand Oaks, CA: Beth Needham. Page 5.
  13. ^ Sprankling, Miriam (2002). Discovering the Story of The Conejo Valley. Newbury Park, CA: Conejo Valley Historical Society. Page 35. ISBN 0-9725233-0-8.
  14. ^ Sprankling, Miriam and Ruthanne Begun (2006). Historical Tour of the Conejo Valley. Conejo Valley Historical Society. Page 6. ISBN 0-9725233-4-0.
  15. ^ Sprankling, Miriam and Ruthanne Begun (2012). Tales and Voices of the Conejo. Newbury Park, CA: Conejo Valley Historical Society. Page 10. ISBN 0-9725233-6-7.
  16. ^ Maulhardt, Jeffrey Wayne (2010). Conejo Valley. Arcadia Publishing. Page 92. ISBN 9780738580395.
  17. ^ a b Begun, Ruthanne and Miriam Sprankling (2004). A Visit to the Historic Stagecoach Inn Museum. Conejo Valley Historical Society. Page 12. ISBN 0-9725233-2-4.
  18. ^ Sprankling, Miriam and Ruthanne Begun (2006). Historical Tour of the Conejo Valley. Newbury Park, CA: Conejo Valley Historical Society. Page 5. ISBN 0-9725233-4-0.
  19. ^ Sprankling, Miriam and Ruthanne Begun (2012). Tales and Voices of the Conejo. Conejo Valley Historical Society. Page 83. ISBN 0-9725233-6-7.
  20. ^ Sprankling, Miriam and Ruthanne Begun (2006). Historical Tour of the Conejo Valley. Newbury Park, CA: Conejo Valley Historical Society. Page 7. ISBN 0-9725233-4-0.
  21. ^ Sprankling, Miriam and Ruthanne Begun (2006). Historical Tour of the Conejo Valley. Newbury Park, CA: Conejo Valley Historical Society. Page 6. ISBN 0-9725233-4-0.
  22. ^ California, California State Parks, State of. "Ventura". CA State Parks.
  23. ^ "History - Thousand Oaks, CA". www.toaks.org.
  24. ^ Danilov, Victor J. (2002). Museums and Historic Sites of the American West. Greenwood Press. Page 190. ISBN 9780313309083.
  25. ^ "Permanent". Stagecoach Inn Museum.
  26. ^ Kath, Laura and Pamela Price (2011). Fun with the Family Southern California: Hundreds of Ideas for Day Trips with the Kids. Rowman & Littlefield. Page 45. ISBN 9780762774753.
  27. ^ Benson, Judy (1981). Museums of the World. University of Michigan. Page 476. ISBN 9783598101182.
  28. ^ "Temporary". Stagecoach Inn Museum.
  29. ^ Hudson, Kenneth (1985). The Directory of Museums & Living Displays. Springer. Page 938. ISBN 9781349070145.
  30. ^ Sunset Books (1986). Sunset California Travel Guide. Lane Pub. Co. Page 38. ISBN 9780376061263.
  31. ^ Begun, Ruthanne and Miriam Sprankling (2004). A Visit to the Historic Stagecoach Inn Museum. Newbury Park, CA: Conejo Valley Historical Society. Pages 4-7. ISBN 0-9725233-2-4.
  32. ^ Begun, Ruthanne and Miriam Sprankling (2004). A Visit to the Historic Stagecoach Inn Museum. Newbury Park, CA: Conejo Valley Historical Society. Page 8. ISBN 0-9725233-2-4.
  33. ^ Baker, Pam (2002). Thousand Oaks Westlake Village: A Contemporary Portrait. Community Communications, Inc. Page 55. ISBN 978-1581920611.
  34. ^ Stone, Robert (2011). Day Hikes Around Ventura County. Day Hike Books. Pages 192-193. ISBN 9781573420624.
  35. ^ Philipp, Cathy (1997). On the Trail - Malibu to Santa Barbara. Thousand Oaks, CA: Cathy Philip Publishing. Pages 107-108. ISBN 9780965584807.
  36. ^ Baker, Pam (2002). Thousand Oaks Westlake Village: A Contemporary Portrait. Community Communications, Inc. Page 56. ISBN 978-1581920611.
  37. ^ Begun, Ruthanne and Miriam Sprankling (2004). A Visit to the Historic Stagecoach Inn Museum. Newbury Park, CA: Conejo Valley Historical Society. Pages 9 and 11. ISBN 0-9725233-2-4.
  38. ^ a b Begun, Ruthanne and Miriam Sprankling (2004). A Visit to the Historic Stagecoach Inn Museum. Newbury Park, CA: Conejo Valley Historical Society. Page 10. ISBN 0-9725233-2-4.
  39. ^ Begun, Ruthanne and Miriam Sprankling (2004). A Visit to the Historic Stagecoach Inn Museum. Newbury Park, CA: Conejo Valley Historical Society. Page 11. ISBN 0-9725233-2-4.
  40. ^ "Conejo Recreation and Park District - Stagecoach Inn Park". www.crpd.org.
  41. ^ Stone, Robert (2011). Day Hikes Around Ventura County. Day Hike Books. Page 190. ISBN 9781573420624.
  42. ^ Sprankling, Miriam and Ruthanne Begun (2012). Tales and Voices of the Conejo. Newbury Park, CA: Conejo Valley Historical Society. Pages 11-13. ISBN 0-9725233-6-7.
  43. ^ Begun, Ruthanne and Miriam Sprankling (2004). A Visit to the Historic Stagecoach Inn Museum. Newbury Park, CA: Conejo Valley Historical Society. Pages 2-3. ISBN 0-9725233-2-4.
  44. ^ "The Stagecoach Inn in Newbury Park is Ventura County Historical Landmark No. 30".

Further reading[edit]

  • Bill Locey, "Out & About: Ventura County; family jaunts; On the Stagecoach Trail; Tours of inn offer window on late 19th-century life," Los Angeles Times, February 24, 2000
  • Matthew Mosk, "Hands-On Lessons in Local History Education: At the Stagecoach Inn Museum, wide-eyed schoolchildren experience life as it was in 1894 in the Conejo Valley," Los Angeles Times, November 22, 1994
  • Shari Lynn Wigle, "Museums Stagecoach Inn: Ghostly Guest Landmark Hotel's Historic Appeal Spiced Up by Legend of Apparition Sightings in `Haunted' Room," Los Angeles Times, May 3, 1990
  • William S. Murphy, "The Authentic Stagecoach Inn - Where Time Stopped," Los Angeles Times, March 12, 1988

External links[edit]