American Dad! (season 3)
The third season of American Dad! Aired from September 10, 2006, to May 20, 2007; the season consisted of nineteen episodes. The first half of the season is included in the Volume 2 DVD box set, released on May 15, 2007. "Lincoln Lover" was nominated for Outstanding Individual Episode by the Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation at the 18th GLAAD Media Awards. The award is meant to recognize and honor various branches of the media for their outstanding representations of the lesbian, gay and transgender community and issues."The American Dad After School Special" was nominated for the 2007 Annie Award for Best Writing in an Animated Television Production. Reviews of the season were positive. GeneralAmerican Dad: Volume 2 and 3 episode commentaries. Specific Season 3 at TV.com
The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company. The series is a satirical depiction of working-class life, epitomized by the Simpson family, which consists of Homer, Bart and Maggie; the show is set in the fictional town of Springfield and parodies American culture and society and the human condition. The family was conceived by Groening shortly before a solicitation for a series of animated shorts with producer James L. Brooks. Groening created a dysfunctional family and named the characters after his own family members, substituting Bart for his own name; the shorts became a part of The Tracey Ullman Show on April 19, 1987. After three seasons, the sketch was developed into a half-hour prime time show and became Fox's first series to land in the Top 30 ratings in a season. Since its debut on December 17, 1989, 659 episodes of The Simpsons have been broadcast, it is the longest-running American sitcom, the longest-running American scripted primetime television series in terms of seasons and number of episodes.
The Simpsons Movie, a feature-length film, was released in theaters worldwide on July 27, 2007, grossed over $527 million. On October 30, 2007, a video game was released; the Simpsons is on its thirtieth season, which began airing September 30, 2018. The Simpsons was renewed for a thirty-first and thirty-second season on February 6, 2019, in which the latter will contain the 700th episode; the Simpsons received acclaim throughout its first nine or ten seasons, which are considered its "Golden Age". Time named it the 20th century's best television series, Erik Adams of The A. V. Club named it "television's crowning achievement regardless of format". On January 14, 2000, the Simpson family was awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, it has won dozens of awards since it debuted as a series, including 31 Primetime Emmy Awards, 30 Annie Awards, a Peabody Award. Homer's exclamatory catchphrase "D'oh!" has been adopted into the English language, while The Simpsons has influenced many other adult-oriented animated sitcoms.
However, it has been criticized for a perceived decline in quality over the years. The Simpsons is known for its wide ensemble of supporting characters; the main characters are the Simpson family, who live in a fictional "Middle America" town of Springfield. Homer, the father, works as a safety inspector at the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant, a position at odds with his careless, buffoonish personality, he is married to a stereotypical American housewife and mother. They have three children: a ten-year-old troublemaker and prankster. Although the family is dysfunctional, many episodes examine their relationships and bonds with each other and they are shown to care about one another. Homer's dad Grampa Simpson lives in the Springfield Retirement Home after Homer forced his dad to sell his house so that his family could buy theirs. Grampa Simpson has had starring roles in several episodes; the family owns a dog, Santa's Little Helper, a cat, Snowball V, renamed Snowball II in "I, -Bot". Both pets have had starring roles in several episodes.
The show includes an array of quirky supporting characters, which include Homer's co-workers Lenny Leonard and Carl Carlson, the school principal Seymour Skinner and teachers Edna Krabappel and Elizabeth Hoover, neighbor Ned Flanders, friends Barney Gumble, Apu Nahasapeemapetilon, Moe Szyslak, Milhouse Van Houten, Nelson Muntz, extended relatives Patty and Selma Bouvier, townspeople such as Mayor Quimby, Chief Clancy Wiggum, tycoon Charles Montgomery Burns and his executive assistant Waylon Smithers, local celebrities Krusty the Clown and news reporter Kent Brockman. The creators intended many of these characters as one-time jokes or for fulfilling needed functions in the town. A number of them subsequently starred in their own episodes. According to Matt Groening, the show adopted the concept of a large supporting cast from the comedy show SCTV. Despite the depiction of yearly milestones such as holidays or birthdays passing, the characters do not age between episodes, appear just as they did when the series began.
The series uses a floating timeline in which episodes take place in the year the episode is produced though the characters do not age. Flashbacks and flashforwards do depict the characters at other points in their lives, with the timeline of these depictions generally floating relative to the year the episode is produced. For example, in the 1991 episode "I Married Marge", Bart appears to be born in 1980 or 1981, but in the 1995 episode "And Maggie Makes Three", Maggie appears to be born in 1993 or 1994. A canon of the show does exist, although Treehouse of Horror episodes and any fictional story told within the series are non-canon. However, continuity is limited in The Simpsons. For example, Krusty the Clown may be able to read in one episode, but may not be able to read in another. Lessons learned by the family in one episode may be forgotten in the next; some examples of limited continuity include Sideshow Bob's appearances where Bart and Lisa flashback at all the crimes he committed in Springfield or when the characters try to remember things that happened in previous episodes.
The Simpsons takes place in the fictional American town of Springfield in an unknown and impossible-to-determine U. S. state. The show is intentionally e
Beverly Hills, 90210
Beverly Hills, 90210 is an American teen drama television series created by Darren Star and produced by Aaron Spelling under his production company Spelling Television. The series ran for ten seasons on Fox from October 4, 1990, to May 17, 2000, is the longest-running show produced by Spelling, it is the first of five television series in the Beverly Hills, 90210 franchise and follows the lives of a group of friends living in the upscale and star-studded community of Beverly Hills, California, as they transition from high school to college and into the adult world. "90210" refers to one of the city's five ZIP codes. The initial premise of the show was based on the adjustment and culture shock that twins Brandon and Brenda Walsh experienced when they and their parents and Cindy, moved from Minneapolis, Minnesota, to Beverly Hills. In addition to chronicling the characters' friendships and romantic relationships, the show addressed topical issues such as sex, date rape, animal rights, drug abuse, domestic violence, eating disorders, racism, teenage suicide, teenage pregnancy, AIDS.
After poor ratings during its first season, the series gained popularity during the summer of 1991, when Fox aired a special "summer season" of the show while most other series were in reruns. Viewership increased and 90210 became one of Fox's top shows when it returned that fall; the show became a global pop culture phenomenon with its cast members Jason Priestley and Luke Perry, who became teen idols. The show is credited with creating or popularizing the teen soap genre that many other successful television shows followed in the years to come; the show had many cast changes. On February 27, 2019, it was announced that a six-episode revival has been ordered by Fox and that the show would be titled 90210; the series begins with the introduction of the Walsh family—Jim, Cindy and Brenda—who have moved from Minneapolis, Minnesota to Beverly Hills, California as a result of Jim's job promotion. In the first episode and Brenda begin attending West Beverly Hills High School, where they befriend several classmates: the self-centered and promiscuous Kelly Taylor and spoiled Steve Sanders and driven Andrea Zuckerman and virtuous Donna Martin, brooding loner Dylan McKay, younger and naive students David Silver and Scott Scanlon.
The show follows the siblings as they bear witness and take part in the dramatic lives that their wealthy and privileged peers lead. Cast Notes Originally pitched as Beverly Hills High to Fox Chairman Peter Chernin, the show was chosen over a TV adaptation of the 1988 movie Heathers. Torand Productions was used by the production company for several seasons on the show. "Torand" is derived from the first several letters of Aaron Spelling's first and second children and Randy. Tentative titles for the show included Class of Beverly Hills; the show's episodes were issue-based until the producers decided it should become a teen soap opera. In the first season, the teenage characters were said to be in the eleventh grade, but due to the success of the show, their ages were retconned to be one year younger in the second season, making them tenth graders in the first. Jennie Garth had to audition five times for the role of Kelly Taylor and was the first to be cast on the show. Gabrielle Carteris felt.
She first auditioned for Brenda because she thought that being a real-life twin would help her chances, but the producers felt that she would be better for the part of Andrea. When Tori Spelling auditioned for the show, she used the name Tori Mitchell and auditioned for the role of Kelly Taylor, but she was recognized and was instead cast as Donna Martin. Tori Spelling brought Shannen Doherty to her father's attention after seeing Doherty's movie Heathers and being impressed with her performance. Lyman Ward was cast as Jim Walsh in the pilot but was replaced by James Eckhouse, Ward's scenes were cut and re-shot with Eckhouse. Kristin Dattilo was up for the role of Brenda Walsh, but she turned it down, she guest starred as Melissa Coolidge in an episode of the first season. Additionally, Luke Perry had auditioned for the role of Steve Sanders, but the role went to Ian Ziering before Perry was cast as Dylan McKay. Perry's character was not an original cast member of the show, he was first featured in the show's second episode.
He was intended to only appear in one story arc, for one or two episodes. Fox was reluctant to have him included as a regular, but Aaron Spelling felt differently and gave Perry a bigger role during the first two years until the network was won over. In the first season, when Donna tries out for school D. J. she is referred to as Donna Morgan. Throughout the rest of the show, her name is Donna Martin. In addition, in the first season Donna's mother was named Nancy Martin and played by actress Jordana Capra; when she was reintroduced in season two, she was named Felice Martin and was played by actress Katherine Cannon. In the pilot episode, the role of Jackie Taylor was first played by Pamela Galloway and by Ann Gillespie for the rest of the series. Terence Ford and Arthur Brooks portrayed Dylan's father, Jack McKay, in two episodes before Josh Taylor assumed the role; the series was produced in Van Nuys, Los An
Craig Thomas (screenwriter)
Craig David Thomas is an American television writer who, along with writing partner Carter Bays, has written episodes of American Dad!, Oliver Beene and the hit CBS sitcom How I Met Your Mother, which they created in 2005. In 2012 How I Met Your Mother won Best Comedy at the People's Choice Awards. Along with Carter Bays he is a member of The Solids, who perform the theme song to How I Met Your Mother, he has been nominated for seven primetime Emmy Awards, including Best Original Song for "Nothing Suits Me Like a Suit". Thomas graduated from Wesleyan University in 1997. In 2014 he shot a pilot for the show How I Met Your Dad with his partner Carter Bays, Emily Spivey and Greta Gerwig, but CBS asked them to do a second pilot, they refused. "Dancing Beene" "The Nudie Mag" "X-Ray Specs" "A Trip To Connie Island" "Oliver and The Otters" "Pilot" "The Hamletta" "Stan of Arabia: Part 2"He did audio commentary for his episode of American Dad! and has been prominent in the How I Met Your Mother DVD audio commentaries.
Craig Thomas on IMDb
An animated cartoon is a film for the cinema, television or computer screen, made using sequential drawings, as opposed to animation in general, which include films made using clay, puppets, 3D modeling and other means. Animated cartoons are still created for entertainment, commercial and personal purposes. Early examples of attempts to capture the phenomenon of motion into a still drawing can be found in paleolithic cave paintings, where animals are depicted with multiple legs in superimposed positions attempting to convey the perception of motion. A 5,200-year old pottery bowl discovered in Shahr-e Sukhteh, has five sequential images painted around it that seem to show phases of a goat leaping up to nip at a tree; the phenakistoscope and praxinoscope, as well as the common flip book, were early animation devices to produce movement from sequential drawings using technological means, but did not develop further until the advent of motion picture film. The first person to make animated movies was a French science teacher named, Charles-Emile Reynaud.
The first animated projection was created in France, by Charles-Émile Reynaud, a French science teacher. Reynaud created the Praxinoscope in 1877 and the Théâtre Optique in December 1888. On 28 October 1892, he projected the first animation in public, Pauvre Pierrot, at the Musée Grévin in Paris; this film is notable as the first known instance of film perforations being used. His films were not drawn directly onto the transparent strip. In 1900, more than 500,000 people had attended these screenings; the first animated projection was Humorous Phases of Funny Faces by newspaper cartoonist J. Stuart Blackton, one of the co-founders of the Vitagraph Company arrived. In the film, a cartoonist's line drawings of two faces were'animated' on a blackboard; the two faces smiled and winked, the cigar-smoking man blew smoke in the lady's face. The first animated projection in the traditional sense was Fantasmagorie by the French director Émile Cohl in 1908; this was followed by two more films, Le Cauchemar du fantoche and Un Drame chez les fantoches, all completed in 1908.
One of the first successful animated cartoons was Gertie the Dinosaur by Winsor McCay. It is considered the first example of true character animation. At first, animated cartoons were silent. Felix the Cat and Oswald the Lucky Rabbit are notable examples. From the 1920s to 1960s, theatrical cartoons were produced in huge numbers, shown before a feature film in a movie theater. Disney, Warner Bros. MGM, UPA were the largest studios producing these 5- to 10-minute "shorts." Other studios included Walter Lantz, DePatie-Freleng, Van Beuren Studios, ComiColor Cartoons, Charles Mintz Studios, Famous Studios, Terrytoons. The first cartoon to use a soundtrack was in 1926 with Max Fleischer's My Old Kentucky Home; however the Fleischers used a De Forest sound system and the sound was not synchronized with the film. Walt Disney's 1928 cartoon Steamboat Willie starring Mickey Mouse was the first to use a click track during the recording session, which produced better synchronism. "Mickey Mousing" became a term for any movie action, synchronized with music.
The music used is original most of the time, but musical quotation is employed. Animated characters performed the action in "loops," i.e. drawings were repeated over and over. Although other producers had made films earlier using 2-strip color, Disney produced the first cartoon in 3-strip Technicolor and Trees, in 1932. Technicians at the Fleischer studio invented rotoscoping, in which animators trace live action in order to make animation look more realistic. However, rotoscoping made the animation look stiff and the technique was used more for studying human and animal movement, rather than directly tracing and copying filmed movements. Other movie technologies were adapted for use in animation, such as multiplane cameras with The Old Mill, stereophonic sound in Fantasia, widescreen processes with the feature-length Lady and the Tramp, 3D with Lumber Jack-Rabbit. Today, traditional animation is aided by computers in certain areas; this gives the animator new tools not available. In 1917, Italian-Argentine cartoonist Quirino Cristiani created the first animated feature made, El Apóstol, utilizing cutout animation.
In 1937, Disney created the first sound and color animated feature film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. The name "animated cartoon" is not used when referring to full-length animated productions, since the term more or less implies a "short." Huge numbers of animated feature films were, are still, produced. Competition from television drew audiences away from movie theaters in the late 1950s, the theatrical cartoon began its decline. Tod
Politics of Saudi Arabia
The politics of Saudi Arabia takes place in the context of a totalitarian absolute monarchy with Islamist lines, where the King is both the head of state and government. Decisions are, to a large extent, made on the basis of consultation among the senior princes of the royal family and the religious establishment; the Qur'an is declared to be the constitution of the country, governed on the basis of Islamic law. The Allegiance Council is responsible to determine the new Crown Prince. All citizens of full age have a right to attend and petition the king directly through the traditional tribal meeting known as the majlis. Government is dominated by the vast royal family, the Al Saud, divided by internal disputes and into factions; the members of the family are the principal political actors allowed by the government. Political participation outside the royal family is limited. Saudi Arabia is one of only two countries. Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy, according to the Basic Law of Saudi Arabia adopted by royal decree in 1992, the king must comply with Sharia and the Qur'an.
The Qur'an and the Sunnah are declared to be the country's constitution. There is no binding written constitution and the Qur'an and the Sunna remain subject to interpretation; this is carried out by the Saudi religious establishment. The government of Saudi Arabia is led by the monarch, King Salman, who acceded to the throne on 23 January 2015. No political parties or national elections are permitted, according to The Economist's 2010 Democracy Index, the Saudi government was the seventh-most authoritarian regime among the 167 countries rated. Government is dominated by the royal family; the Basic Law specifies that the king must be chosen from among the sons of the first king, Abdul Aziz Al Saud, their male descendants subject to the subsequent approval of leaders. In 2007, an "Allegiance Council" was created, comprising King Abdulaziz's surviving sons plus a son of each of his deceased sons, to determine who will be the heir apparent after the previous heir apparent dies or accedes to the throne.
Prince Mohammad bin Salman is the current Crown Prince, is regarded as the country's de facto ruler. The king combines legislative and judicial functions and royal decrees form the basis of the country's legislation; the king is the prime minister, presides over the Council of Ministers, which comprises the first and second deputy prime ministers, 23 ministers with portfolio, five ministers of state. The king makes appointments to and dismissals from the Council, responsible for such executive and administrative matters as foreign and domestic policy, finance and education, administered through numerous separate agencies. There is a 150-member Consultative Assembly, appointed by the King, which can propose legislation to the King but has no legislative powers itself, including no role in budget formation; the government budget itself is not disclosed to the public. "Fully 40%"... is labeled'Other sectors'. Although in theory the country is an absolute monarchy, in practice major policy decisions are made outside these formal governmental structures and not by the king.
Decisions are made by establishing a consensus within the royal family. In addition, the views of important members of Saudi society, including the ulama, leading tribal sheikhs, heads of prominent commercial families are considered; as an absolute monarchy, the personality and capabilities of the reigning monarch influence the politics and national policies of the country. King Saud was considered incompetent and extravagant and his reign led to an economic and political crisis that resulted in his forced abdication. King Faisal was a "modernist" who favored economic and governmental progress but was politically and religiously conservative, he directed the country's rapid economic and bureaucratic development of the early 1970s, but made concessions to the religious establishment, abandoned plans to broaden political participation. King Khalid left government to his Crown Prince, who succeeded him as King. Prince Fahd was a talented administrator who initiated significant industrial development in the Kingdom.
He was regarded by many as the "father of the country's modernization". However, during the last 10 years of his reign, ill-health prevented him from functioning. In the absence of a king who could provide strong central leadership, the state structure began to fragment and the country stagnated. King Abdullah, who came to the throne in 2005, was seen as a reformer and has introduced economic reforms and made modernizing changes to the judiciary and government ministries; the royal family dominates the political system. The family's vast numbers allow it to hold most of the kingdom's important posts and to have an involvement and presence at all levels of government; the number of princes is estimated to be anything from 7,000 upwards, with the most power and influence being wielded by the 200 or so male descendants of King Abdulaziz. The key ministries have been reserved for the royal family, as are the thir