An individual's or a socioeconomic class's standard of living is the level of wealth, material goods, necessities available to them in a certain geographical area a country. The standard of living includes factor as a whole quality and availability of employment, class disparity, poverty rate and housing affordability, hours of work are required to purchase necessities, gross domestic product, inflation rate, amount of leisure time every year, affordable access to quality healthcare and availability of education, literacy rates, life expectancy, occurrence of diseases, cost of goods and services, national economic growth and political stability, environmental quality and safety; the standard of living is related to quality of life. Standard of living is measured by standards such as realistic income per person and poverty rate. Other measures such as access and quality of health care, income growth inequality, educational standards are used. Examples are measurement of health such as life expectancy.
It is the ease by which people living in a time or place are able to satisfy their needs and/or wants. The main idea of a'standard' may be contrasted with the quality of life, which takes into account not only the material standard of living, but other more intangible aspects that make up human life, such as leisure, cultural resources, social life, physical health, environmental quality issues etc. More complexed means of measuring well-being must be employed to make such judgements, these are often political, thus controversial. Between two nations or societies that have similar material standards of living, quality of life factors may in fact make one of these places more attractive to a given individual or group. Gini coefficient Human Development Index Income and fertility Index of Economic Freedom List of countries by Social Progress Index Measurable economic welfare Median household income Quality of life Right to an adequate standard of living Total fertility rate Where-to-be-born Index Working hours Industrial Revolution and the Standard of Living by Freddy Madero Commission on Living Standards
Ireland was represented by the female trio Sheeba in the Eurovision Song Contest 1981 with the song "Horoscopes", written by Joe Kelly and Jim Burkett. Sheeba had appeared at the National finals in 1978, while member Maxi had performed for Ireland at the 1973 Eurovision finals, they were one of two female trios in the Contest - the other being The Duskey Sisters. Male/female groups were represented by opening act Tara and closing act Karen Black and The Nevada - the latter being a famous recording act in Ireland at the time under the line up of Roy Taylor, Karen Black and The Nevada, their song "My Pet Parrot" was a novelty song (featuring a man dressed as a Parrot playing trombone and became played on Irish radio. Tony Kenny was a famous artist in Ireland at the time and had released many hit singles, as well as performing a number of times in the National finals. Nicola Kerr was known at the time for being a member of the current line-up of UK pop group The New Seekers; the remaining two contestants were solo females, Helen Jordan and Sylvia McFadden.
Sheeba would take part in the 1982 National Song Contest, where they came 7th. Two other artists competing this year entered also: Tony Kenny, who came 6th and The Duskey Sisters who won; the final was held on 1 March 1981 at the RTE TV Studios in Dublin, hosted by Mike Murphy. The winner was chosen by 10 regional juries. Killarney was due to announce their votes after Dublin, but due to connection problems, they had to announce their votes last; the show's result was a surprise as "My Pet Parrot" had been touted as the favourite to win before the Contest. The contest closed with all the Contestants performing Barry Manilow's "I Write The Songs" on stage as the credits rolled; the Eurovision final in 1981 was held at the RDS in Ireland. It was presented by Doireann Ní Bhriain. Sheeba were the 12th act to perform. Sheeba finished fifth in the Eurovision Song Contest final on April 4, they received two maximums of 12 points during the voting. The overall winner was United Kingdom; the song "Horoscopes" became a No. 3 hit in the Irish charts
The lycée Dorian is a multi-functional school in the 11th arrondissement of Paris, founded in 1887, with a focus on science and technology. Founded in 1872 by Caroline Dorian, wife of Pierre-Frédéric Dorian, as an institution for the orphans of the Franco-Prussian War, it turned into a municipal primary boarding school in 1887 successively into a professional upper primary school, a municipal technical college, a municipal technical lycée before being nationalised in 1976. While the lycée Dorian is a technology college, it runs general education and professional classes. Building E, built in 1993, houses glass workshops and other dedicated technology classes, as well as boarders and catering; the older buildings were renovated between 2002 and 2005. As of 2018, the school gives the following courses: Streams in general education and technology S, ES and STI2D, Training in arts and glasswork, with other trade techniques at CAP and BMA, BTS, BT in topography, Licence professionnelle in partnership with the University of Paris VI, PT preparatory classes consisting of preparation for Arts et Métiers ParisTech opened in 1946.
The lycée has around 850 students, including 250 post-bac and 150 in the professional section who are at the boarding school. In 2017, the lycée was ranked 91st out of 109 at départemental level in terms of teaching quality, 1389th at national level; the ranking is based on 3 criteria: bac results, the proportion of students who obtained their results when studying for their last two years at the establishment, "added value". The national classes préparatoires aux grandes écoles rankings measure the proportion of students who go on to grandes écoles. In 2017, L'Étudiant gave the following rankings for 2016: Thee lycée is accessible by the lines: Philippe Auguste and Alexandre Dumas Rue des Boulets Bus RATP bus routes from 20 to 99#Ligne 56. Site officiel du lycée Actualités télévisées durant la Seconde Guerre Mondiale sur l'École professionnelle Dorian, ina.fr