Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource
The Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource, a division of SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, is operated by Stanford University for the Department of Energy. SSRL is a National User Facility which provides synchrotron radiation, a name given to electromagnetic radiation in the x-ray, ultraviolet and infrared realms produced by electrons circulating in a storage ring at nearly the speed of light; the bright light, produced can be used to investigate various forms of matter ranging from objects of atomic and molecular size to man-made materials with unusual properties. The obtained information and knowledge is of great value to society, with impact in areas such as the environment, future technologies and education; the SSRL provides experimental facilities to some 2,000 academic and industrial scientists working in such varied fields as drug design, environmental cleanup, x-ray imaging. It is located in southern San Mateo County, just outside the city of Menlo Park. In 1972 the first x-ray beamline was constructed by Ingolf Lindau and Piero Pianetta as a "hole in the wall" extending off of the SPEAR storage ring.
At that time, the SPEAR had been built in an era of particle colliders, where physicists were more interested in smashing particles together in hope of discovering antimatter than in using x-ray radiation for solid state physics and chemistry. From those meager beginnings the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Project began. Within a short time SSRP had five experimental hutches sharing the radiation of only a few inches of the curved SPEAR dipole magnets; each one of those stations was equipped with a monochromator to select the radiation of interest, experimenters would bring their samples and end stations from all over the world to study the unique effects only achieved through synchrotron radiation. Today the SPEAR storage ring is dedicated to the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource as part of the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory facility. SSRL operates 24/7 for about nine solid months out of the year. There are over 30 unique experimental stations which are made available to users from universities, government labs, industry from all over the world.
Sebastian Doniach 1973-1977 Arthur Bienenstock 1978-1998 Keith Hodgson 1998-2005 Joachim Stöhr 2005-2009 Piero Pianetta 2009 Chi-Chang Kao 2010-2012 Piero Pianetta 2012-2014 Kelly Gaffney 2014- listed by Beamline and Station BL 7-3, 9-3, 4-3 These three beamlines are dedicated to biological x-ray absorption spectroscopy. Beamline 7-3 is an unfocused beamline and thus is best suited for XAS on dilute protein samples. Beamline 9-3 has an additional upstream focusing mirror, over 7-3, making it the preferred choice for photo reducing samples or ones where multiple different spots are needed. Beamline 4-3 was newly reopened as of 4/6/2009 bringing special capabilities for soft-energy studies in addition to hard x-rays. Beamline 4-3 now replaces 6-2 as the preferred location for Sulfur K-edge experiments at SSRL. BL 6-2 With three upstream mirrors, two for focusing and a third for harmonic rejection, this beamline has become dedicated to transmission x-ray microscopy in the 4-12 keV range, soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy including Rapid-scanning xRF imaging, advanced spectrscopy such as XES, XRS (non-resonant x-ray Raman scattering and RIXS.
BL 8-2, 10-1, 13-2 These three beamlines are specialized for soft x-ray absorption spectroscopy, including NEXAFS, some light atom Ligand K-edge, PES, L-edge measurements. All experiments on these beamlines require special handling and advanced ultra high vacuum experience and techniques. BL 11-3 Materials Science Scattering and Single Crystal Diffraction Experiments. Uses to date include: study of structure in organic and semiconductor thin films and multilayers. BL 1-5, 7-1, 9-1, 9-2, 11-1, 11-3, 12-2 These beamlines are used for macromolecular x-ray crystallography. All of the beamlines are for general use, except for beamline 12-2, funded in part by Caltech via a gift from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation; as a result, 40% of beamtime on 12-2 is reserved for Caltech researchers. BL 4-2 Biological small-angle X-ray scattering beamline. SSRL Headline News A Monthly Digital Publication Lightsources.org Archives and History Office - Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Project ^ SSRL Home page ^ Woods, Heather Rock.
"Stöhr to Direct Synchrotron Radiation Lab". Press Release. Menlo Park, CA: Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. Retrieved September 28, 2005. ^:Dunn, Lisa. "Update on SSRL Beam Lines and Techniques". SSRL Headline News. 6: n.p
Lane Medical Library
Lane Medical Library & Knowledge Management Center is the library of the Stanford University School of Medicine at Stanford University, near Palo Alto, California. Its mission is to "enable biomedical discovery by connecting people with knowledge", it is located on campus adjacent to Stanford Clinics. In addition to books and documents for medical research and the teaching and practice of medicine, Lane Library houses a significant collection of material relating to the history of medicine; the library provides specialized search capabilities and tutorials, writing and grant support, group and individual study spaces. Levi Cooper Lane was a surgeon in San Francisco in the 1800s, he served on the faculty of the Medical Department of the College of the Pacific, the first medical school on the Pacific Coast, founded in 1858 by Lane's uncle Elias Samuel Cooper. After Cooper's death in 1862 the medical school stopped operating. In 1870 Lane revived it, became president, renamed it Medical College of the Pacific.
In 1882 he changed the name to Cooper Medical College, named for its founder. He built with his own funds a new brick medical school building at the corner of Sacramento and Webster streets, which served continuously as a medical school from 1882 until 1959, he built an adjacent hospital and nursing school, made provision in his will for the construction of a library across the street from the college. Lane died on February 9, 1902, his widow died in August 1902. In August 1906, the directors of Cooper Medical College passed a resolution establishing the Lane Medical Library. In 1908, Stanford acquired Cooper Medical College as the nucleus for the Stanford Medical Department, now the Stanford University School of Medicine. In 1910 Stanford acquired the assets of the Levi C. Lane Medical Library Trust, consisting of 30,000 volumes as well as a building site and funds for the building of a library. Lane Library was dedicated November 3, 1912, it was an integral part of the Stanford library system despite being located in San Francisco.
It was the largest medical library west of Chicago. The building still stands; the medical school and Lane Library were moved to the main Stanford campus in 1959. Official website Stanford University Libraries
Bing Concert Hall
Bing Concert Hall is a concert hall at Stanford University that opened in January 2013. The hall has 842 seats, surrounding the stage. All the seats are within 75 feet of the conductor, the seats in the center section begin at the stage level; the hall is named after Peter and Helen Bing, notable donors to Stanford who donated the lead gift of $50 million towards its construction Eventual construction cost was $111.9 million. Bing Concert Hall was designed by Richard Olcott of Ennead Architects, with the acoustics done by Yasuhisa Toyota of Nagata Acoustics, who worked on Walt Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles and New World Symphony in Miami Beach, Florida
Hopkins Marine Station
Hopkins Marine Station is the marine laboratory of Stanford University. It is located ninety miles south of the university's main campus, in Pacific Grove, California on the Monterey Peninsula, adjacent to the Monterey Bay Aquarium, it is home to ten research laboratories and a fluctuating population of graduate and undergraduate students. It has been used for archaeological exploration including that of the Chinese-American fishing village that existed on the site before being burnt down. Hopkins Marine Station was founded in 1892, making it the oldest marine laboratory on the US Pacific Coast, the second-oldest in the US, after the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, it was named the Hopkins Seaside Laboratory and located on what is now called Lover's Point. In 1917, the laboratory was moved to its current location on Mussel/China/Cabrillo Point, given its current name: Hopkins Marine Station of Stanford University; the marine station's namesake is Timothy Hopkins, the founder of the city of Palo Alto and an early supporter of Stanford University, not Johns Hopkins, founder of the Johns Hopkins University.
The marine station is not affiliated with the latter. In 1931, the State of California adopted legislation designating the intertidal and subtidal areas around Hopkins Marine Station as the Hopkins Marine Life Refuge; the collection of marine invertebrates or plants is forbidden without a scientific collecting permit. The HMLR is the second-oldest Marine Life Refuge in California, after the San Diego Marine Life Refuge of the Scripps Institute of Oceanography. More recent legislation has been enacted to prevent chemical and thermal pollution of the water, to extend the boundaries of the refuge, to prohibit the collection of fish, as well as invertebrates and plants, without a scientific collecting permit. Scientists at the marine station pursue research in a diverse range of biological fields, including biomechanics, developmental biology, ecology and genetics. Studies utilize a great variety of organisms, but certain useful and/or charismatic ones, such as mussels, tuna, sea urchins, mudsuckers, have been the focus of continued research efforts.
From 1963 to 1968, the station operated the research vessel R/V Te Vega, which sailed the Pacific and the Indian Ocean undertaking various studies, most notably of the Deep Scattering Layer. Data from the twenty Te Vega research voyages are still cited today, one reference work remarks that, "lthough ships from several nations participated in the Indian Ocean Expedition, only one has contributed to marine phycology, the Te Vega." Some past and present researchers at Hopkins Marine Station: Hopkins Marine Station main website
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory named Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, is a United States Department of Energy National Laboratory operated by Stanford University under the programmatic direction of the U. S. Department of Energy Office of Science and located in Menlo Park, California. SLAC research centers on a broad program in atomic and solid-state physics, chemistry and medicine using X-rays from synchrotron radiation and a free-electron laser as well as experimental and theoretical research in elementary particle physics, astroparticle physics, cosmology. Founded in 1962 as the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, the facility is located on 172 hectares of Stanford University-owned land on Sand Hill Road in Menlo Park, California—just west of the University's main campus; the main accelerator is 3.2 kilometers long—the longest linear accelerator in the world—and has been operational since 1966. Research at SLAC has produced three Nobel Prizes in Physics: 1976: The charm quark—see J/ψ meson 1990: Quark structure inside protons and neutrons 1995: The tau leptonSLAC's meeting facilities provided a venue for the Homebrew Computer Club and other pioneers of the home computer revolution of the late 1970s and early 1980s.
In 1984 the laboratory was named an ASME National Historic Engineering Landmark and an IEEE Milestone. SLAC developed and, in December 1991, began hosting the first World Wide Web server outside of Europe. In the early-to-mid 1990s, the Stanford Linear Collider investigated the properties of the Z boson using the Stanford Large Detector; as of 2005, SLAC employed over 1,000 people, some 150 of whom were physicists with doctorate degrees, served over 3,000 visiting researchers yearly, operating particle accelerators for high-energy physics and the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory for synchrotron light radiation research, "indispensable" in the research leading to the 2006 Nobel Prize in Chemistry awarded to Stanford Professor Roger D. Kornberg. In October 2008, the Department of Energy announced that the Center's name would be changed to SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory; the reasons given include a better representation of the new direction of the lab and the ability to trademark the laboratory's name.
Stanford University had opposed the Department of Energy's attempt to trademark "Stanford Linear Accelerator Center". In March 2009 it was announced that the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory was to receive $68.3 Million in Recovery Act Funding to be disbursed by Department of Energy's Office of Science. The main accelerator was an RF linear accelerator that accelerated electrons and positrons up to 50 GeV. At 3.2 km long, the accelerator was the longest linear accelerator in the world, was claimed to be "the world's most straight object." Until 2017 when the European x-ray free electron laser opened. The main accelerator is buried 9 m below ground and passes underneath Interstate Highway 280; the above-ground klystron gallery atop the beamline is the longest building in the United States. A portion of the original linear accelerator is now part of the Linac Coherent Light Source; the Stanford Linear Collider was a linear accelerator that collided electrons and positrons at SLAC. The center of mass energy was about 90 GeV, equal to the mass of the Z boson, which the accelerator was designed to study.
Grad student Barrett D. Milliken discovered the first Z event on 12 April 1989 while poring over the previous day's computer data from the Mark II detector; the bulk of the data was collected by the SLAC Large Detector, which came online in 1991. Although overshadowed by the Large Electron-Positron Collider at CERN, which began running in 1989, the polarized electron beam at SLC made certain unique measurements possible, such as parity violation in Z Boson-b quark coupling. Presently no beam enters the south and north arcs in the machine, which leads to the Final Focus, therefore this section is mothballed to run beam into the PEP2 section from the beam switchyard; the SLAC Large Detector was the main detector for the Stanford Linear Collider. It was designed to detect Z bosons produced by the accelerator's electron-positron collisions; the SLD operated from 1992 to 1998. PEP began operation in 1980, with center-of-mass energies up to 29 GeV. At its apex, PEP had five large particle detectors in operation, as well as a sixth smaller detector.
About 300 researchers made used of PEP. PEP stopped operating in 1990, PEP-II began construction in 1994. From 1999 to 2008, the main purpose of the linear accelerator was to inject electrons and positrons into the PEP-II accelerator, an electron-positron collider with a pair of storage rings 2.2 km in circumference. PEP-II was host to the BaBar experiment, one of the so-called B-Factory experiments studying charge-parity symmetry; the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource is a synchrotron light user facility located on the SLAC campus. Built for particle physics, it was used in experiments where the J/ψ meson was discovered, it is now used for materials science and biology experiments which take advantage of the high-intensity synchrotron radiation emitted by the stored electron beam to study the structure of molecules. In the early 1990s, an independent electron injector was built for this storage ring, allowing it to operate independently of the main linear accelerator. SLAC plays a primary role in the mission and operation of the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope, launched in August 2008.
The principal scientific objectives of this mission are: To understand the mechanisms of particle acceleration in AGNs, SNRs. To resolve the gamma-ray sky: unidentified sources and diffuse emiss
Braun Music Center
Braun Music Center was opened in 1984. It serves as the link between the student residential area and the main activities center of Stanford University; as the main building for the Department of Music, Braun is the venue for the department's concerts and recitals and offers rehearsal studios and practice facilities as well as classrooms and offices. Department of Music events are held in Braun's Campbell Recital Dinkelspiel Auditorium. Braun houses the Stanford University Music Library and Recorded Sound. Joncas, Richard, 1953- Stanford University. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2006. Map: 37°25′26″N 122°10′10″W Stanford Music Department Stanford Music Library Archive of Recorded Sound
Hasso Plattner Institute of Design
The Hasso Plattner Institute of Design at Stanford known as the d.school, a place for explorers and experimenters at Stanford University. David Kelley, the program's founder, stated. Bernard Roth, a co-founder of the program, echoed Kelley's observation about creative confidence. We call this boosting their creative confidence". Referring to the d.school's shift from designing objects to focusing on organizational processes, Roger Martin, dean of the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management, said. According to the New York Times, the d.school has become one of the most sought academic programs at Stanford. The Institute was founded by Stanford mechanical engineering professor David M. Kelley, six other professors and George Kembel in 2004; the program integrates business, medicine, the social sciences and humanities into more traditional engineering and product design education. The institute got its current name from Hasso Plattner, co-founder of SAP SE software, who contributed $35 million towards its founding.
The institute cooperates with the Hasso Plattner Institute in Potsdam, Germany. Among the products launched from the Institute are the Embrace blanket, a low-cost alternative to neonatal incubators and the d.light, a solar-powered LED light now in use in some rural communities in the developing world. The Pulse News Reader was developed in a d.school class in 2010, became the highest-selling application at Apple's App Store. Stanford University Stanford Center for Design Research Stanford Joint Program in Design dschool.stanford.edu - official site