Stanislovas "Stasys" Stonkus was a Soviet and Lithuanian basketball player who competed for the Soviet Union in the 1952 Summer Olympics and in the 1956 Summer Olympics. He was born in Telšiai. In 1954, he graduated from the Lithuanian National Physical Education Institute, he trained at VSS Žalgiris in Kaunas. He was a member of the Soviet team, he played. Four years he won his second silver medal as part of the Soviet team, he defended his doctoral dissertation at Tartu University in 1974, his Dr Habil. before the Joint Council in Moscow. After serving as rector of the Physical Education Institute, he was vice-president of the Lithuanian Olympic Committee for four years. Stonkus has compiled a dictionary of sports terms in Lithuanian and has written several studies on sport. Profile
Joann Lõssov was an Estonian basketball player. Lõssov trained in Tallinn, he was named MVP of the 1947 EuroBasket. Lõssov played with the senior Soviet Union national basketball team at the 1952 Summer Olympics, where he won a silver medal, he played in all eight of the Soviet Union's games. Order of the White Star, 5th Class: 1998 profile
Telšiai, known by several alternative names including Telsiai and Telschi in English sources, is a city in Lithuania with about 25,000 inhabitants. It is the capital of Telšiai County and Samogitia region, it is located on the shores of Lake Mastis. Telšiai is one of the oldest cities in Lithuania dating earlier than the 14th century. Between the 15th and 20th centuries, Telšiai became a district capital and between 1795 and 1802 it was included in the Vilnius Governorate. In 1873, Telšiai was transferred to the Kovno Governorate; the name of Telšiai has been recorded in different forms and different languages throughout its history. Most of them are derived from Telšē in Samogitian dialect; some foreign names for the city include Latvian: Telši. In Yiddish, the name is טעלז. Lake Mastis is mentioned in various myths; the city was named after the Telšė, which flows into Lake Mastis. A legend has it. Telšiai was first mentioned in written sources around 1450, but the oldest archeological findings in the area of the city are from the Stone Age.
In the 15th century, Telšiai had a state-owned manor. It and the parish were governed by Samogitian elders. Telšiai was at the centre of an uprising of Samogitian peasants. At the end of the 17th century Telšiai became the centre of culture and politics of Samogitia. Local parliaments known as Sejmiks composed of noblemen were organised in the city and a court was established. Magdeburg rights were granted to Telšiai in the 17th century. During the November uprising of 1831 Telšiai became a sanctuary for Polish–Lithuanian partisans fighting the Russians. A revolutionary government of insurrectionists was formed and schools for the preparation of military officers and noncommissioned officers were opened. During the Uprising of 1863, Telšiai was one of the main centres of uprise in Samogitia since insurrectionist forces massed there. At the end of the 19th century Telšiai started to grow. A team of firemen formed, a pharmacy and a theater were opened. In 1908 the first Lithuanian concert–performance was organised.
The city survived two Polish revolutions, was conquered by the Germans in World War I, occupied by the Red Army for a short time in 1918. During the years of Lithuanian independence, 1918 to 1940, Telšiai grew rapidly. Several girls' and boys' high schools, a crafts school and a teacher's seminary were established; the Alka museum was built, several cultural societies were operated. In 1935, Telšiai became the centre of country administration. During the first Soviet occupation, as a result of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Telšiai became infamous for the nearby Rainiai massacre, a mass murder of 76 Lithuanian political prisoners perpetrated by the Red Army during the night of 24–25 June 1941. Nowadays Telšiai is the 12th largest city in Lithuania, it is the centre of Telšiai district municipality. The city has four gymnasiums, four secondary schools, five primary schools. Faculties of Vilnius Academy of Art, College of Social Sciences and College of Samogitia are established in Telšiai. On 22 January 2013 The Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Lithuania announced that Telšiai will be named the Lithuanian Capital of Culture in 2016.
In 1897, the Jewish population numbered 51 % of the total population. Jews were expelled during World War I, but by 1939, 2800 had returned, out of a general population of 8000. Many were involved in trade which included produce and crafts. A major source of income was the famous Telšiai Yeshiva, it was the largest and most famous yeshiva in Lithuania between 1875 and 1941, establishing Telšiai as a center of Torah studies. There was an Orthodox Jewish rabbinical seminary and a Jewish day school providing secular and religious instruction for younger children. Following World War I and the expulsion of the Jews—which decimated the Telšiai Jewish community—the city again became a center of traditional Jewish learning. There were charitable institutions, including a Chevra Kadisha, a hospital, a loan society, a public kitchen, a clinic, special summer camps, a women's association for support of the sick and poor. There were two Jewish newspapers, published in Yiddish. In 1931, Telšiai became a city of the first order.
In June 1940 Lithuania was occupied by the Soviet Union. Russians closed down the yeshiva. Most of the students dispersed with only about a hundred students remaining in Telshe. Learning was done in groups of 20–25 students studying in various batai medrashim led by the rosh yeshivas; the Holocaust in Telšiai was carried out by the local Lithuanian leadership with occasional supervision by Nazi German units. The Jewish population in 1939 was 2,800 some 35 percent of the town's population. Further Jews found refuge in Telšiai following the 1939 German ultimatum to Lithuania. Telšiai was conquered by German troops on 25 June 1941. Jews were subjected to terror by the Germans and their Lithuanian collaborators and on 15–16 July all Jewish men were shot; the women were moved to a camp in Geruliai, with the exception of 500–600 young women, were all shot on 30 August 1941. The 500–600 young women were moved back to a ghetto in Telšiai, with the exception of some escapees, were shot on 30–31 December 1941.
64 Jewish survived. Telšiai has a rare surviving wooden synagogue; the original Telšiai yeshiva building still stands. However, during Soviet occupa
Basketball Club Žalgiris is a professional basketball team, based in Kaunas, Lithuania. Founded in 1944, it is one of the oldest teams in the EuroLeague and plays domestically in the Lietuvos krepšinio lyga. Žalgiris is one of 11 European clubs that hold EuroLeague A Licenses, which provide their holders with a guaranteed place in the regular-season phase of the EuroLeague. Since the 2011–12 season, Žalgiris plays its home games in the new Žalgiris Arena, built just before the EuroBasket 2011; the club's name commemorates the victorious Battle of Žalgiris. Žalgiris has featured many Lithuanian basketball legends during their history, including Arvydas Sabonis, Modestas Paulauskas and Šarūnas Jasikevičius. Eight of the thirteen Lithuanian basketball players to play in the National Basketball Association have played for Žalgiris or were part of the Žalgiris youth program at one point in their careers; the team is the most decorated Lithuanian basketball club having won twenty Lithuanian championships, five Soviet championships, one European championship, have reached the Lithuanian league finals every season in league history.
The club was formed in 1944. The team immediately became a power, winning multiple Lithuanian basketball championships winning the USSR Premier Basketball League in 1947 and 1951; the team won silver in the 1949 and 1952 championships winning the bronze medals in 1953, 1954, 1955 and 1956. Žalgiris won the USSR Basketball Cup in 1953. The team at the time was led by Stepas Butautas, Vytautas Kulakauskas, Justinas Lagunavičius, Kazimieras Petkevičius, by Stasys Stonkus and Algirdas Lauritėnas. In the 1960s, the team's play declined, many new young players like Modestas Paulauskas, Romualdas Venzbergas, Henrikas Giedraitis joined the team joined by Algirdas Linkevičius and Sergėjus Jovaiša, though the highest achievement was bronze medals in the Soviet Union championship in 1971, 1973 and 1978. In 1980, Žalgiris won the silver medals, debuted in the 1980–81 FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup the next season. Žalgiris became the dominant force in Soviet Union and in Europe when they added new talents to the team: first came Valdemaras Chomičius Rimas Kurtinaitis and Vladas Garastas became the new team coach.
But everything changed when the team noticed a talented young kid named Arvydas Sabonis, 17 years old 209 cm and he debuted in the club in 1981. He grew about 12 more cm in the next couple of years and could do everything on the court: play defense, assist his teammates, shoot 3 pointers and dominate inside the paint. In the mid-1980s, the finals between Žalgiris Kaunas and CSKA Moscow served as a major inspiration for Lithuanian national revival that contributed to the emergence of the Sąjūdis national movement and re-establishment of state independence; when they played in Kaunas Sports Hall. During the 1980s, Žalgiris won three consecutive Soviet Union National League championships from 1985 till 1987, beating CSKA Moscow in the finals. In 1985 they lost to FC Barcelona. Despite the loss, Žalgiris participated in EuroLeague the next year as the Soviet Union champions, reaching the finals and losing to the rival Cibona. In 1986, Žalgiris won the William Jones Intercontinental Cup, defeating Dražen Petrović's Cibona Zagreb in the semi-finals and Ferro Carril Oeste in the finals.
They participated in 1987 FIBA Club World Cup. Žalgiris was emerging as one of the top clubs in Europe at the time. In 1987, however, Žalgiris suffered a setback. Biggest star of the club, Arvydas Sabonis, suffered a torn achilles tendon. Three months he tore it again, causing him to miss most of the 1987–88 season; that season, Žalgiris won a silver medal. The next season, Sabonis came back, the club managed to reach European Cup Winners' Cup semi-finals and win a silver medal in Soviet League, losing a dramatic finals to Stroitel Kiev. Just before the start of the 1989–90 season Žalgiris lost all of its leaders and half of its team: Sabonis, Jovaiša, Chomičius and head coach Garastas all left the club, free from the Iron Curtain that barred Lithuanian basketball talent from becoming internationals. In the 1989–90 season, Žalgiris reached the Clubs Cup Winners' Cup semi-finals, where they lost to Real Madrid. After the Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania, Žalgiris left the USSR championship.
Over the next few seasons, Žalgiris won Lithuanian championships in 1991, 1992 and 1993, as well as the LKF Cup in 1990. Žalgiris won the ProfBasket Cup tournament, featuring many former USSR teams, in 1992. They won their first LKL title in 1994. For Next two years, Žalgiris again dominated LKL tournaments, beating Atletas Kaunas 3–0 in 1995 and 3–2 in 1996, had success participating in the 1995–96 FIBA European Cup when Rimas Kurtinaitis returned to play for his home team. After finishing with a 9–3 record in the regular season, Žalgiris advanced to the semi-finals, but fell to PAOK in the two games series. In 1997, Žalgiris again won the LKL championship, beating Olimpas Žemaitija Plungė 3–0 in the finals, reached the round of 16 in the Saporta Cup, losing to Paris Basket Racing. Players like Darius Lukminas, Gintaras Einikis, Kęstutis Šeštokas, Dainius Adomaitis, Darius Maskoliūnas played for the club during this period, coached by Jonas Kazlaus
Kazys Petkevičius was a Lithuanian basketball player who competed for the Soviet Union in the 1952 Summer Olympics and in the 1956 Summer Olympics. He trained at VSS Žalgiris in Kaunas and at Burevestnik in Leningrad. Petkevičius graduated from the State Institute of Physical Education in 1949 and continued his post-graduate studies in Leningrad; until the end of his life he worked as an assistant coach for the Lithuanian basketball club Žalgiris-Arvydas Sabonis school. Kazys Petkevicius at databaseOlympics.com at Hilary. "Kazys Petkevičius". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC
Otar Korkia was a Georgian professional basketball player and coach. Korkia trained at Dynamo in Tbilisi, he was named one of FIBA's 50 Greatest Players in 1991. Korkia was a member of the senior Soviet Union national basketball team, which won the silver medal at the 1952 Summer Olympic Games, he played in seven games. Korkia was the head coach of Dinamo Tbilisi, when the club won the European Champions Cup in 1962. USSR League: 1950, 1953, 1954 USSR Cup: 1949, 1950 EuroBasket: 1947, 1951, 1953 EuroLeague: 1962 List of EuroLeague-winning head coaches FIBA Profile FIBA Europe Profile Databaseolympics.com Profile
Kaunas is the second-largest city in Lithuania and the historical centre of Lithuanian economic and cultural life. Kaunas was the biggest city and the centre of a county in Trakai Municipality of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania since 1413. In the Russian Empire, it was the capital of the Kaunas Governorate from 1843 to 1915. During the interwar period, it served as the temporary capital of Lithuania, when Vilnius was seized by Poland between 1920 and 1939. During that period Kaunas was celebrated for its rich cultural and academic life, construction of countless Art Deco and Lithuanian National Romanticism architectural-style buildings as well as popular furniture, the interior design of the time, a widespread café culture; the city interwar architecture is regarded as among the finest examples of European Art Deco and has received the European Heritage Label. It contributed to Kaunas being named as the first city in Central and Eastern Europe to be designated as a UNESCO City of Design. Kaunas has been selected as the European Capital of Culture for 2022, together with Esch-sur-Alzette, Luxembourg.
The city is the capital of Kaunas County, the seat of the Kaunas city municipality and the Kaunas District Municipality. It is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Kaunas. Kaunas is located at the confluence of the two largest Lithuanian rivers, the Nemunas and the Neris, is near the Kaunas Reservoir, the largest body of water in the whole of Lithuania; the city's name is of Lithuanian origin and most derives from a personal name. Before Lithuania regained independence, the city was known in English as Kovno, the traditional Slavicized form of its name. An earlier Russian name was Ковно Kovno, although Каунас Kaunas has been used since 1940; the Yiddish name is קאָװנע Kovne, the names in German include Kaunas and Kauen. The city and its elderates have names in other languages. An old legend claims; these Romans were led by a patrician named Palemon, who had three sons: Barcus and Sperus. Palemon fled from Rome. Palemon, his sons and other relatives travelled to Lithuania. After Palemon's death, his sons divided his land.
Kunas got the land. He built a fortress near the confluence of the Nemunas and Neris rivers, the city that grew up there was named after him. A suburban region in the vicinity is named "Palemonas". On 30 June 1993, the historical coat of arms of Kaunas city was re-established by a special presidential decree; the coat of arms features a white aurochs with a golden cross between its horns, set against a deep red background. The aurochs was the original heraldic symbol of the city, established in 1400; the heraldic seal of Kaunas, introduced in the early 15th century during the reign of Grand Duke Vytautas, is the oldest city heraldic seal known in the territory of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. The current emblem was the result of much study and discussion on the part of the Lithuanian Heraldry Commission, realized by the artist Raimondas Miknevičius. An auroch has replaced a wisent, depicted in the Soviet-era emblem, used since 1969. Blazon: Gules, an aurochs passant guardant argent ensigned with a cross Or between his horns.
Kaunas has a greater coat of arms, used for purposes of Kaunas city representation. The sailor, three golden balls, Latin text "Diligite justitiam qui judicatis terram" in the greater coat of arms refers to Saint Nicholas, patron saint of merchants and seafarers, regarded as a heavenly guardian of Kaunas by Queen Bona Sforza. According to the archeological excavations, the richest collections of ceramics and other artifacts found at the confluence of the Nemunas and the Neris rivers are from the second and first millennium BC. During that time, people settled in some territories of the present Kaunas: the confluence of the two longest rivers of Lithuania area, Lampėdžiai, Kaniūkai, Marvelė, Romainiai, Petrašiūnai, Sargėnai, Veršvai sites. A settlement had been established on the site of the current Kaunas old town, at the confluence of two large rivers, at least by the 10th century AD. Kaunas is first mentioned in written sources in 1361. In 1362, the castle was destroyed by the Teutonic Order.
Commander Vaidotas of the Kaunas castle garrison, with 36 men, tried to break through, but was taken prisoner. It was one of the largest and important military victories of the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century against Lithuania; the Kaunas castle was rebuilt at the beginning of the 15th century. In 1408, the town was granted Magdeburg rights by Vytautas the Great and became a centre of Kaunas Powiat in Trakai Voivodeship in 1413. Vytautas ceded Kaunas the right to own the scales used for weighing the goods brought to the city or packed on site, wax processing, woolen cloth-trimming facilities; the power of the self-governing Kaunas was shared by three interrelated major institutions: vaitas, the Magistrate, the so-called Benchers' Court. Kaunas began to gain prominence, since it was at an intersection of a river port. In 1441 Kaunas joined the Hanseatic League, Hansa merchant office Kontor was opened—the only one in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. By the 16th century, Kaunas had a public school and a hospital and was one of the best-formed towns in