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Stanley Lord

Stanley Phillip Lord was captain of the SS Californian, the nearest ship to the Titanic on the night it sank on 15 April 1912, depending on which sources are believed the only ship to see the Titanic, or at least its rockets, during the sinking. Lord, the Californian more have been criticized for the fact that the Californian did not render timely assistance to the Titanic. Two official inquiries did not recommend criminal charges. Subsequent authors have offered differing opinions on Lord's actions, with some defending, others criticizing him; the passion among the two factions has resulted in the labels of "Lordites" and "Anti-Lordites" being applied to the two camps. Central points of debate include the appropriateness of Lord's response to the rockets, whether the Californian and Titanic were in fact visible to one another, the possible presence of one or more "Mystery Ships" that may have been the ships seen by either the Titanic or Californian, whether or not the Californian could have saved any additional lives had it attempted to render assistance more quickly.

Lord was born on 13 September 1877 in Bolton, England. He began his training at sea when he was thirteen, aboard the barque Naiad, in March 1891, he obtained his Second Mate’s Certificate of competency and served as Second Officer on the barque Lurlei. In February 1901, at the age of 23, Lord obtained his Master's Certificate, three months obtained his Extra Master’s Certificate, he entered the service of the West India and Pacific Steam Navigation Company in 1897. The company was taken over by the Leyland Line in 1900, but Lord continued service with the new company, was awarded his first command in 1906. Lord was given command of the SS Californian in 1911. Lord had a son, his wife, died in 1957, Lord died in 1962, when it was suggested that the stress of attempts to exonerate himself had contributed to the deterioration of his own health after his wife's death. Their son, Stanley Tutton Lord, worked as a banker in Liverpool, he lived as a bachelor until his death from natural causes in 1994. He spoke of his father, except to say he believed in his innocence.

In 1965 he wrote a preface to a book by Peter Padfield, The Titanic and the Californian, which supported the case for Lord having been judged unfairly. On the night of 14 April 1912, as the Californian approached a large ice field, Captain Lord decided to stop around 10:21 p.m. and wait out the night. Before turning in for the night, he ordered his sole wireless operator, Cyril Evans, to warn other ships in the area about the ice; when reaching the Titanic, Evans tapped out "I say old man, we are stopped and surrounded by ice." The Californian was so close to the Titanic that the message was loud in the ears of Titanic First Wireless Operator Jack Phillips, who angrily replied "Keep out! Shut up! I am working Cape Race." Earlier in the day the wireless equipment aboard the Titanic had broken down and Phillips, along with Second Wireless Operator Harold Bride, had spent the better part of the day trying to repair it. Now they were swamped with outgoing messages that had piled up during the day and Phillips was exhausted after such a long day.

Evans listened in for a while longer as Phillips sent routine traffic through the Cape Race relaying station before turning in for bed at around 11:30 p.m. Over the course of the night and seamen on the deck of Californian witnessed eight white rockets fired into the air over a strange ship off in the distance. Fatigued after 17 hours on duty, Captain Stanley Lord was awakened twice during the night and told about the rockets, to which he replied that they may be "company rockets", to help ships identify themselves to liners of the same company. Meanwhile, on the Titanic, for an hour after the collision, no other ships were noticed until the lights of a ship were seen in the distance. Fourth Officer Joseph Boxhall and Quartermaster Rowe tried in vain to contact the strange ship by Morse lamp. Nobody on the deck of the Californian saw these signals. Authors Tim Maltin and Eloise Aston attribute Captain Lord's belief that the nearby ship was not the Titanic to visual distortions caused by cold-water mirages.

Not able to understand any messages coming from the strange ship, Californian's officers concluded that signals were the masthead flickering and not signals at all. Throughout the night, no one on board the Californian attempted to wake their wireless operator, ask him to contact the ship to ask why they were firing rockets and trying to signal them, until 5:30 a.m. By however, it was too late — the Titanic had gone down at 2:20 a.m. When she had slipped below the water, the sudden disappearance of lights was interpreted by the Californian crew to mean that she had steamed away. On the morning of 15 April 1912, Captain Lord was notified by the Frankfurt that the Titanic had gone down early that morning. At 8:45 a.m, the Californian pulled up alongside the Carpathia and stayed behind to search for additional bodies after the Carpathia steamed towards New York. The following is from Captain Lord's testimony in the US Inquiry on 26 April: While Lord was never tried or convicted of any offence, he was still viewed publicly as a pariah after the Titanic disaster.

His attempts to fight for his exoneration gained him nothing, the events of the night of 14–15 April 1912 would haunt him for the rest of his life. Lord was dismissed

Hohokam Stadium

Hohokam Stadium known as Dwight W. Patterson Field and Hohokam Park, is a 10,500-seat baseball park located in Mesa, Arizona; the stadium, named for the Hohokam people who occupied the region from AD 1 to the mid-15th century, was completed in January 1997 after the original Hohokam Stadium was demolished. In 2015, it became the spring training home of Major League Baseball's Oakland Athletics; the 2015 stadium and facility refresh was led by Populous. Hohokam Stadium has the largest scoreboard in the Cactus League, measuring 12 by 16 feet. From 1997 to 2013, the stadium was the spring training home of the Chicago Cubs. In 1999, the Cubs drew 171,681 fans for an average of 11,445 people per game. In 2007, the Cubs established a Cactus League single-game attendance record of 12,906. In 2009, the Cubs established a Major League Baseball and Cactus League single-season attendance record of 203,105 in 19 home games with an average per game attendance of 10,690—leading all MLB teams. Seven games had average attendance of over 13,000.

In 2002, the Arizona State University baseball team called Hohokam Park home while the on-campus Packard Stadium was being renovated. The stadium hosted the 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2015 Western Athletic Conference Baseball Tournaments and will host the 2016 WAC Tournament; the Chicago Cubs continued using the stadium until the completion of Sloan Park for the 2014 spring training season. That same season, Oakland Athletics took over operations of Hohokam Stadium for their spring training activities, continues to use it to this day; the original Hohokam Stadium was built in 1976 just east of the site of the current stadium. It was known as Hohokam Stadium from 1976 to 1995 and Hohokam Park in 1996; the stadium became known as Dwight W. Patterson Field in 1991 with the name carrying over to the new stadium when it was built in 1997. From 1977 to 1978, it was the spring training home of Major League Baseball's Oakland Athletics. From 1979 to 1996, the Chicago Cubs used the stadium as their spring training home until the stadium was demolished in 1996 and replaced with the current stadium in 1997.

The Cubs set a number of spring training attendance records while they played in the stadium during the 1980s drawing over 100,000 fans over a single month of play. The stadium began selling beer at the games in 1989. Official site Mesa Hohokams Ballpark Reviews: HoHoKam Park

The Bonnie Blue Flag

"The Bonnie Blue Flag" known as "We Are a Band of Brothers", is an 1861 marching song associated with the Confederate States. The words were written by the entertainer Harry McCarthy, with the melody taken from the song "The Irish Jaunting Car"; the song's title refers to the unofficial first flag of the Bonnie Blue Flag. The left flag on the sheet-music to the reader's right is the Bonnie Blue Flag; the song was premiered by lyricist Harry McCarthy during a concert in Jackson, Mississippi, in the spring of 1861 and performed again in September of that same year at the New Orleans Academy of Music for the First Texas Volunteer Infantry regiment mustering in celebration. The New Orleans music publishing house of A. E. Blackmar issued six editions of "The Bonnie Blue Flag" between 1861 and 1864 along with three additional arrangements; the "band of brothers" mentioned in the first line of the song recalls the well known St. Crispin's Day Speech in William Shakespeare's play Henry V; the first verse of the song goes: These lyrics appear in a version held by the Library of Congress.

It was published by A. E. Blackmar and Brother in New Orleans in 1861; the second line is sometimes given as "fighting for the property we gained by honest toil." University of San Diego professor Steve Schoenherr and the library of Duke University record the "property" version which has a publication date of 1861. When Major General Benjamin Butler captured New Orleans, he arrested Blackmar, fined Blackmar $500, destroyed all copies of the music, ordered that anyone caught whistling or singing "The Bonnie Blue Flag" would be fined $25. Eleven other editions of the song were published with different lyrics. Annie Chambers Ketchum, a Confederate widow who risked her liberty to publish new verses to be sung, published a new version of the song under the title "The Gathering Song." The following verses were published in a eulogy by Gilberta S. Whittle in the 1904 Richmond Times Dispatch: The third verse of the song misstates the order in which the states seceded from the Union; the dates on which the states seceded are as follows: South Carolina Mississippi Florida Alabama Georgia Louisiana Texas Virginia Arkansas North Carolina Tennessee Thus, Alabama did not take South Carolina by the hand, but delayed its secession until the departure of Mississippi and Florida.

As with many songs from the time of the American Civil War, this song had multiple versions for both the Union and Confederate sides. One Union version, written by J. L. Geddes, in 1863, a British-born colonel who immigrated to the U. S. was called "The Bonnie Flag With the Stripes and Stars". Singing of Unionism and equality, it went: Another version went: Additionally, the Song of the Irish Volunteers, an anthem of the famous 69th New York regiment known as the Irish Brigade, was sung to the same tune. In the 1939 movie Gone with the Wind, Rhett Butler nicknames his child'Bonnie Blue Butler' after Melanie Hamilton remarks that the child's eyes are as "blue as the Bonnie Blue flag". In the 1956 movie The Searchers, the song playing as John Wayne approaches at the beginning of the film is a slow version of "The Bonnie Blue Flag". In the 1959 movie The Horse Soldiers, the chorus of the Bonnie Blue Flag is sung by a marching company of Mississippi military school cadets, who face the Union cavalry in an effort to delay their progress.

It is loosely based on the unrelated charge of the Virginia Military Institute cadets at the Battle of New Market, 15 May 1864. In the 1966 movie The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, the chorus of the Bonnie Blue Flag is sung by a band of drunken revelers as they drop off Maria at her home in Santa Anna; the 1972 television series Appointment with Destiny made the error of portraying Union soldiers singing "The Bonnie Blue Flag." In the 1989 movie Glory, a portion of the Bonnie Blue Flag tune is played in the background by several union soldiers as the 54th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment are marching past. In the 1999 television movie The Hunley about the H. L. Hunley submarine in South Carolina during the American Civil War, the Bonnie Blue Flag song is sung to raise civilians' spirits during a Union mortar attack on the city. In a 2001 episode of SpongeBob SquarePants, the melody of the Bonnie Blue Flag is played during the opening montage of the Games. In the 2003 movie Gods and Generals, the ode to the Bonnie Blue Flag is sung in front of the Confederate army by a USO-style performer.

In a 2012 episode of the show Hell on Wheels entitled "Viva la Mexico", the chorus of the song is sung by Confederate soldiers-turned-bandits. In the 2013 video game BioShock Infinite, "The Bonnie Blue Flag" is played on a phonograph during the chapter "Hall of Heroes." "The Bonnie Blue Flag", Polk Miller and his Old South Quartet —Cylinder Preservation and Digitization Project. Sheet music for "The Bonnie Blue Flag", from Project Gutenberg Images of original sheet music for "The Bonnie Blue Flag" at the Duke University library Images of original sheet music for "The Bonnie Blue Flag" at the Library of Congress MIDI for "The Bonnie Blue Flag", from Project Gutenberg The short film A NATION SINGS is available for free download at the Internet Archive

Pierre Schoendoerffer, the Sentinel of Memory

Pierre Schoendoerffer, the Sentinel of Memory is the first feature length documentary about French writer and filmmaker Pierre Schoendoerffer, directed by Raphaël Millet and produced by Olivier Bohler for Nocturnes Productions in 2011. Pierre Schoendoerffer revisits his life and career, with a strong focus on the impact that his experience as a war cinematographer for the French army during the Indochina War had on him, as well as a war reporter during the Vietnam War when he filmed his 1967 Academy Award-winning documentary The Anderson Platoon named after the leader of the platoon - Lieutenant Joseph B. Anderson - with which Schoendoerffer and his crew were embedded. Pierre Schoendoerffer, the Sentinel of Memory is a co-production between Nocturnes Productions and the Institut national de l'audiovisuel, it has been funded by the National Center of Cinematography and the moving image, with the support of the French Ministry of Defence, French pay-TV Orange Cinéma Séries, Belgian public broadcaster RTBF.

Pierre Schoendoerffer, the Sentinel of Memoryhad its world premiere at Les Rendez-vous de l'histoire, October 2011. It was screened at the Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris, France, as a tribute to Pierre Schoendoerffer, in March 2012, at Fnac on 16 May 2012; the film was broadcast in France on OCS and Histoire, in Belgium on RTBF. It is available in VOD on the website of Institut national de l'audiovisuel. Pierre Schoendoerffer Raoul Coutard Constantin Costa-Gavras Jacques Perrin Dominique Merlin Boramy Tioulong Pedro Nguyen Pierre Gabaston

Saxer Avenue station

Saxer Avenue station is SEPTA Route 101) trolley stop in Springfield Township, Delaware County, Pennsylvania. It is located near Rolling Road. Trolleys arriving at this station travel between 69th Street Terminal in Upper Darby and Orange Street in Media, Pennsylvania; the station has a shed with a roof on the south side of the tracks where people can go inside when it is raining. No parking or bus service is available at this stop. While the south side of the tracks contain local businesses on Saxer Avenue, the north side is entirely residential. SEPTA - Saxer Avenue MSHL Station Station from Saxer Avenue from Google Maps Street View

Loon Lake (California)

Loon Lake Reservoir is a reservoir in the Eldorado National Forest of El Dorado County, United States. The 76,200 acre⋅ft lake is formed by Loon Lake Dam, completed in 1963 as part of the Upper American River Project by Sacramento Municipal Utility District to conserve spring snow melt runoff for use during the summer and autumn for hydroelectric power production. Loon Lake Dam impounds water at the headwaters of Gerle Creek which, prior to the dam, flowed intermittently through Loon and Pleasant Lakes, but most of the water now stored in Loon Lake Reservoir arrives from Buck Island Reservoir in the adjacent Rubicon River watershed by way of the Buck-Loon Tunnel. Nearby is Loon Lake Chalet, a popular winter recreation destination. In summer, a boat ramp for water sports and camping are available, but the area is less popular than nearby Union Valley Reservoir and Rubicon Trail, it is popularly referred to as Loon Lake, although speaking this is the name of the former lake now inundated by the dam.

Boaters still refer to the northeast portion of the reservoir as the Pleasant Lake Arm, the portion over the inundated Pleasant Lake. In 1884, Loon Lake Reservoir was constructed to provide water supply to Georgetown Ridge for mining, it was owned and operated by the Georgetown Divide Water Co. whom used it for irrigation and as a canal system from Gerle Creek to Georgetown Ridge. In 1943, E. F. Sullivan of the Bureau of Reclamation proposed that Loon Lake be used for matters of power generation. In 1948, the Georgetown Divide Public Utility District applied for appropriative rights from the State of California to appropriate 260,000 acre-feet of water from the American River basin; this was in order to divert water through Loon Lake and Gerle Creek for purposes of irrigation, stock-watering and domestic use. The Georgetown Divide Public Utility District had obtained appropriative water rights from the State Water Resources Control Board. GDPUD exercised pre-1914 rights for diversion of water from several tributaries of Pilot Creek in the South Fork American River.

The Georgetown Divide Water Company and other water companies invested that included Sierra Pacific Power Company, Loon Lake Water and Power Company, California Water Company and the Pilot Creek Water Company claimed pre-1914 rights in the South Fork Rubicon and Pilot Creek drainages for years prior to the 20th century. These rights included storage in Loon Lake, diversion from South Fork Rubicon River, Gerle Creek and Pilot Creek and all its tributaries; the water storage in Loon Lake was diverted and re-diverted into a canal system which made its way from the South Fork Rubicon drainage into Pilot Creek drainage. A deed was signed in 1952 by GDPUD, whom paid for the rights and operation of all facilities in the Georgetown service area and the Georgetown Divide Water Company that included Loon Lake, diversions from Rubicon and Onion Creek to all Pilot Creek watersheds and diversions. Between the years of 1940 and 1950, Sacramento Municipal Utility District was interested in obtaining rights to facilities of the GDPUD in the South Fork Rubicon River watershed that included Loon Lake, for development of SMUD's Upper American River Project.

In 1961, an agreement was made between SMUD and GDPUD and the associated rights to the South Fork Rubicon watershed were turned over. The pre-1914 water rights of the facilities in the Upper Rubicon watershed were turned over to SMUD in the written deed. SMUD applied for appropriative water rights in the Upper Rubicon watershed which included Loon Lake, diversions into Loon Lake and diversions out of the South Fork Rubicon basin into Silver Creek; the Upper American River Hydroelectric Project was constructed by SMUD between 1959 and 1985 and began revenue operation in 1961. The watersheds that supply the UARP, encompassing some 674 square miles, are characterized by the mountains in the east and incised canyons in the west. Most of the UARP includes eight powerhouses and 11 reservoirs. Loon Lake Reservoir lies the farthest upstream of all the UARP facilities; this development consists of a 1.6 mile long tunnel that diverts water from the Buck Island Reservoir to the Loon Lake Reservoir. Loon Lake Dam consists of a side channel spillway adjacent to the main dam, an auxiliary dam, an earthfill dike.

Another component, the Loon Lake Powerhouse, is an underground power generator, located more than 1,000 ft below the Loon Lake Reservoir and has a tunnel that runs from the powerhouse to the Gerle Creek Reservoir. Energy is conveyed using two transmission lines: one runs between Loon Lake and Robbs Peak switchyards and the other runs between Loon Lake and Union Valley switchyards. SMUD uses the UARP to generate electricity; this serves to safeguard the reliability of the electrical transmission system SMUD operates. The Balancing Authority that SMUD operates within is the zone or boundary that it balances power and interchanges with other power grids; the Loon Lake, Ice House and Union Valley Reservoirs generate about 90% of the total UARP storage during the peak winter and spring snowmelt seasons. In the mid-summer the reservoirs let out water storage to generate more power; the Rubicon and Buck Island Reservoirs capture and divert water into Loon Lake to produce the power it generates. The storage at Loon Lake follows an annual cycle of increasing reservoir elevation in the spring and the highest point in the summer months.

From the power generation over summer, the reservoir lowers and allows for recharge in winter months and again storage to begin in spring. This annual cycle allows for a fluctuation of around 36 feet water elevation. Loon Lake Reservoir, as a part