West Chester University
West Chester University of Pennsylvania is a public university located in Chester County, about 25 miles west of Philadelphia. The university's North Campus is in West Chester borough and in West Goshen Township; the South Campus is in West Goshen Township and in East Bradford Township. WCU is the largest of the 14 state universities of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. West Chester was ranked 61st in the Master's Universities category by U. S. News & World Report for 2017; the school is accredited by the Middle States Association of Schools. The university traces its roots to the private, state-aided school that existed from 1812 to 1869; as the state began to take increasing responsibility for public education, the academy was transformed into West Chester Normal School, still owned and state certified. The normal school admitted its first class, consisting of 160 students, on September 25, 1871. In 1913, West Chester became the first of the normal schools to be owned outright by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
West Chester became West Chester State Teachers College in 1927 when Pennsylvania initiated a four-year program of teacher education. In 1960, as the Commonwealth paved the way for liberal arts programs in its college system, West Chester was renamed West Chester State College, two years introduced the liberal arts program that turned the one-time academy into a comprehensive college; the campus quad located on North Campus appears on the National Register of Historic Places, is called the West Chester State College Quadrangle Historic District, featuring WCU's historic buildings. The buildings, with the exception of Philips Memorial Building, were each built with local Chester County serpentine stone, they include Recitation Hall and the Old Library. With passage of the State System of Higher Education bill, West Chester became one of the 14 universities in the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education on July 1, 1983. Along with its new name— West Chester University of Pennsylvania—the institution acquired a new system of governance and the opportunity to expand its degree programs.
West Chester is recognized for its formal poetry program. Its annual conference on form and narrative in poetry is devoted to New Formalism, it has established a poetry center that sponsors readings and an annual book competition oriented toward formal poetry. It has established Iris Spencer awards recognizing undergraduate achievement in formal poetry. At the undergraduate level, the university offers Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Science, Bachelor of Fine Arts, Bachelor of Music degrees. Paraprofessional studies are available in law and theology. In cooperation with the Pennsylvania State University, Columbia University, Philadelphia University, West Chester University offers a 3-2 dual-degree program combining liberal arts and engineering. Available are early admission assurance programs with Drexel School of Medicine, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine and Temple University School of Medicine; the university provides special admission opportunities and scholarships to the Widener School of Law–Harrisburg Campus.
Certification programs are available in health and physical education teacher certification, driver education and safe living, outdoor recreation. Interdisciplinary areas of study with transcript recognition include American studies, ethnic studies, Latin American studies, Russian studies and conflict studies, women's studies, linguistics. At the graduate level, West Chester University of Pennsylvania offers doctoral degrees. West Chester University opened an International Programs office to aide in sending students abroad. West Chester sponsors a number of annual courses, which include study abroad during spring and winter breaks. West Chester University participates in the National Student Exchange Program, in which students spend up to a year at any one of more than 170 member schools across the United States. Transfer of credit is a part of this program; the West Chester University "Incomparable" Golden Rams Marching Band, which has over 300 members, performs pre-game, halftime, or post-game at all home and select away WCU football games in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, in Delaware.
The band performs in high school marching band competitions. The Golden Rams have performed in the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade, Philadelphia Thanksgiving Day parade, Miss America parade, Philadelphia Eagles games, Pittsburgh Steelers games, the annual Collegiate Marching Band Festival in Allentown, Pennsylvania. In 1993, the band performed pregame for Game 3 of the World Series in Philadelphia. In 2009 and 2018, the band attended the Bands of America Grand National Championships in Indianapolis, an honor given to only two college bands in the United States each year; the IGRMB was awarded the 2019 Sudler Trophy by the John Philip Sousa Foundation. The athletic teams at West Chester University of Pennsylvania are named the Golden Rams. Students participate in NCAA Division II athletics in the PSAC and the ECAC. West Chester University has won national championships in women's basketball, women's lacrosse, women's swimming, women's field hockey, men's soccer. West Chester won the first women's basketball national championship in 1969 and was on the losing end in the final game each of the following three years.
In 1961, the men's soccer team won the NCAA Division I Men's Soc
Sir William Gerald Golding, was a British novelist and poet. Best known for his novel Lord of the Flies, he won a Nobel Prize in Literature and was awarded the Booker Prize for fiction in 1980 for his novel Rites of Passage, the first book in what became his sea trilogy, To the Ends of the Earth. Golding was knighted in 1988, he was a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature. In 2008, The Times ranked Golding third on their list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945". Brasenose College, Oxford offers a non-stipendiary William Golding Fellowship in the Arts and Social Sciences. William Golding was born in his grandmother's house, 47 Mount Wise, Cornwall; the house was known as Karenza, the Cornish language word for love, he spent many childhood holidays there. He grew up in Marlborough, where his father was a science master at Marlborough Grammar School, the school the young Golding and his elder brother Joseph attended, his mother, kept house at 29, The Green and was a campaigner for female suffrage.
Golding's mother, Cornish and whom he considered "a superstitious celt", used to tell him old Cornish fairy tales from her own childhood. In 1930 Golding went to Brasenose College, where he read Natural Sciences for two years before transferring to English Literature, his original tutor was the chemist Thomas Taylor. Golding took his B. A. degree with Second Class Honours in the summer of 1934, that year a book of his Poems was published by Macmillan & Co, with the help of his Oxford friend, the anthroposophist Adam Bittleston. He was a schoolmaster teaching English & music at Maidstone Grammar School 1938 - 1940 and teaching Philosophy and English in 1939 just English from 1945 to 1961 at Bishop Wordsworth's School, Wiltshire. Golding married Ann Brookfield, an analytical chemist, on 30 September 1939, they had two children and Judith. During World War II, Golding joined the Royal Navy in 1940, he served in a destroyer, involved in the pursuit and sinking of the German battleship Bismarck. He participated in the invasion of Normandy on D-Day, commanding a landing ship that fired salvoes of rockets onto the beaches, was in action at Walcheren in which 23 out of 24 assault craft were sunk.
While his father had been an insistent atheist, Golding himself was a Christian, though a member of no established Church. In 1985, Golding and his wife moved to Tullimaar House near Truro, Cornwall, he died of heart failure eight years on 19 June 1993. His body was buried in the parish churchyard of Wiltshire. On his death he left the draft of a novel, The Double Tongue, set in ancient Delphi, published posthumously, his son David continues to live at Tullimaar House. In September 1953, after many rejections from other publishers, Golding sent a manuscript to Faber & Faber and was rejected by their reader, his book, was championed by Charles Monteith, a new editor at the firm. Monteith asked for some changes to the text and the novel was published in September 1954 as Lord of the Flies. After moving in 1958 from Salisbury to nearby Bowerchalke, he met his fellow villager and walking companion James Lovelock; the two discussed Lovelock's hypothesis, that the living matter of the planet Earth functions like a single organism, Golding suggested naming this hypothesis after Gaia, the Titan of the earth in Greek mythology.
His publishing success made it possible for Golding to resign his teaching post at Bishop Wordsworth's School in 1961, he spent that academic year in the United States as writer-in-residence at Hollins College, near Roanoke, Virginia. Golding won the James Tait Black Memorial Prize in 1979, the Booker Prize in 1980. In 1983 he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, was according to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography "an unexpected and contentious choice". In 1988 Golding was appointed a Knight Bachelor. In September 1993, only a few months after his sudden death, the First International William Golding Conference was held in France, where Golding's presence had been promised and was eagerly expected. Despite his success, Golding "was abnormally thin-skinned, he could not read the mildest reservation and on occasion left the country when his books were published." His first novel, Lord of the Flies, describes a group of boys stranded on a tropical island reverting to savagery. The Inheritors shows "new people", triumphing over a gentler race by violence.
His 1956 novel Pincher Martin records the thoughts of a drowning sailor. Free Fall explores the issue of free choice as a prisoner held in solitary confinement in a German POW camp during World War Two looks back over his life; the Spire follows the building of a huge spire onto a medieval cathedral. In his 1967 novel The Pyramid three separate stories in a shared setting are linked by a narrator, The Scorpion God consists of three novellas, the first set in a prehistoric African hunter-gatherer band, the second in an ancient Egyptian court and the third in the court of a Roman emperor; the last of these reworks his 1958 play The Brass Butterfly. His n
Temple University is a state-related research university located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. It was founded in 1884 by the Baptist minister Russell Conwell. In 1882, Conwell came to Pennsylvania to lead the Grace Baptist Church while he began tutoring working-class citizens late at night to accommodate their work schedules; these students dubbed "night owls", were taught in the basement of Conwell's Baptist Temple, hence the origin of the university's name and mascot. By 1907, the institution was incorporated as a university; as of 2017, more than 40,000 undergraduate and professional students were enrolled in more than 500 academic degree programs offered at sites across the globe, including eight campuses across Pennsylvania and Tokyo. Temple is among the world's largest providers of professional education, preparing the largest body of professional practitioners in Pennsylvania. Temple University was founded in 1884 by Russell Conwell, a Yale-educated Boston lawyer and ordained Baptist minister, who had served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
Conwell came to Pennsylvania in 1882 to lead the Grace Baptist Church while he began tutoring working class citizens late at night to accommodate their work schedules. These students dubbed "night owls," were taught in the basement of Conwell's Baptist Temple, hence the origin of the university's name and mascot; the Grace Baptist Church grew popular within the North Philadelphia area. A temporary board of trustees was created to handle the growing formalities associated with the church's programs; when the board conducted its first meeting they named Russell H. Conwell president of "The Temple College." Within the following months, Grace Baptist Church appointed a new board of trustees, printed official admissions files, issued stock to raise funds for new teaching facilities. Regardless of whether they had the resources to support the school, Conwell's desire was “to give education to those who were unable to get it through the usual channels”. Philadelphia granted a charter in 1888 to establish “The Temple College of Philadelphia”, but the city refused to grant authority to award academic degrees.
By 1888, the enrollment of the college was nearly 600. It was in 1907 that Temple College revised its institutional status and incorporated as a university. Legal recognition as a university enhanced Temple in noticeable ways including its reputation and graduate programs, overall enrollment, financial support. Over time, Temple expanded: Samaritan Hospital was founded, a Medical School was added, Temple merged with the Philadelphia Dental College. After the merger, Temple reincorporated as Temple University on December 12, 1907. On April 2, 1965, Lester B. Pearson, Prime Minister of Canada and recipient of the Nobel peace prize was awarded the Temple University World Peace Prize. During his acceptance speech Pearson criticized American bombing of Vietnam: There are many factors which I am not in a position to weigh, but there does appear to be at least a possibility that a suspension of such air strikes against North Vietnam, at the right time, might provide the Hanoi authorities with an opportunity, if they wish to take it, to inject some flexibility into their policy without appearing to do so as the direct result of military pressure.
The speech infuriated President Lyndon B. Johnson who, the next day at Camp David, took Pearson out onto the terrace and began "laying into in no uncertain fashion". Pearson apologized for the speech. Since 1965, Temple has been a Pennsylvania state-related university, meaning the university receives state funds, subject to state appropriations, but is independently operated. Temple University has six campuses and sites across Pennsylvania, plus international campuses in Rome and Tokyo; the main campus is in North Philadelphia, about 1.5 miles north of Center City. It occupies 118 acres. Events for students and the public include concerts, clubs and lectures; the campus has notable landmarks. O'Connor Plaza surrounds the Founder's Garden between Liacouras Walk; the bronze statue of an owl, the university's mascot, is a popular photo spot at the heart of main campus. The Founder's Garden near Liacouras Walk, is the burial place of Russell Conwell, founder and 38-year president of Temple. A former Yale student, Civil War captain, Boston lawyer, Philadelphia minister, Conwell used the income from his famous “Acres of Diamonds” speech to fund Temple as a place where working-class Philadelphians might receive higher education.
It has been estimated that Conwell, who died at 82, helped more than 90,000 men and women pursue higher education. A bust of Conwell marks his grave. Another green area on campus is the Johnny Ring Garden, it is located near the faculty staff dining'Diamond Club', celebrates Conwell and Johnny Ring. The Bell Tower sits at 110 ft. tall in the center of the Main Campus between Paley Library and Beury Hall. The surrounding plaza and grassy area, the largest "green space" on the urban campus, are called "the beach"; the area is a meeting place and hangout location for students and their protests, speeches, political campaigning, charity drives. It hosts various official events such as Spring Fling. Health Sciences Campus is in North Philadelphia, spanning Broad Street from Allegheny Avenue to Venango street; the campus is home to a teaching hospital.
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Aubrey Vincent Beardsley was an English illustrator and author. His drawings in black ink, influenced by the style of Japanese woodcuts, emphasized the grotesque, the decadent, the erotic, he was a leading figure in the Aesthetic movement which included Oscar Wilde and James A. McNeill Whistler. Beardsley's contribution to the development of the Art Nouveau and poster styles was significant, despite the brevity of his career before his early death from tuberculosis. Beardsley was born in Brighton, England, on 21 August 1872, christened on 24 October 1872, his father, Vincent Paul Beardsley, was the son of a tradesman. Vincent's wife, Ellen Agnus Pitt, was the daughter of Surgeon-Major William Pitt of the Indian Army; the Pitts were a well-established and respected family in Brighton, Beardsley's mother married a man of lesser social status than might have been expected. Soon after their wedding, Vincent was obliged to sell some of his property in order to settle a claim for his "breach of promise" from another woman who claimed that he had promised to marry her.
At the time of his birth, Beardsley's family, which included his sister Mabel, one year older, were living in Ellen's familial home at 12 Buckingham Road. The number of the house in Buckingham Road was 12, but the numbers were changed years ago, it is now 31. In 1883 his family settled in London, in the following year he appeared in public as an "infant musical phenomenon", playing at several concerts with his sister. In January 1885 he began to attend Brighton and Sussex Grammar School, where he would spend the next four years, his first poems and cartoons appeared in print in Past and Present, the school's magazine. In 1888 he obtained a post in an architect's office, afterwards one in the Guardian Life and Fire Insurance Company. In 1891, under the advice of Sir Edward Burne-Jones and Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, he took up art as a profession. In 1892 he attended the classes at the Westminster School of Art under Professor Fred Brown. In 1892, Beardsley travelled to Paris, where he discovered the poster art of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, the Parisian fashion for Japanese prints, both of which would be major influences on his own style.
Beardsley's first commission was Le Morte d'Arthur by Thomas Malory, which he illustrated for the publishing house J. M. Dent and Company, his six years of major creative output can be divided into several periods, identified by the form of his signature. In the early period his work is unsigned. During 1891 and 1892 he progressed to using his initials, A. V. B. In mid-1892, the period of Le Morte d'Arthur and The Bon Mots he used a Japanese-influenced mark which became progressively more graceful, sometimes accompanied by A. B. in block capitals. He co-founded The Yellow Book with American writer Henry Harland, for the first four editions he served as Art Editor and produced the cover designs and many illustrations for the magazine, he was closely aligned with Aestheticism, the British counterpart of Decadence and Symbolism. Most of his images are done in ink and feature large dark areas contrasted with large blank ones, areas of fine detail contrasted with areas with none at all. Beardsley was the most controversial artist of the Art Nouveau era, renowned for his dark and perverse images and grotesque erotica, which were the main themes of his work.
His illustrations were in white, against a white background. Some of his drawings, inspired by Japanese shunga artwork, featured enormous genitalia, his most famous erotic illustrations concerned themes of history and mythology. Other major illustration projects included an 1896 edition of The Rape of the Lock by Alexander Pope, he produced extensive illustrations for books and magazines and worked for magazines such as The Studio and The Savoy, of which he was a co-founder. As a co-founder of The Savoy, Beardsley was able to pursue his writing as well as illustration, a number of his writings, including Under the Hill and “The Ballad of a Barber” appeared in the magazine. Beardsley was a caricaturist and did some political cartoons, mirroring Wilde's irreverent wit in art. Beardsley's work reflected the decadence of his era and his influence was enormous visible in the work of the French Symbolists, the Poster art Movement of the 1890s and the work of many later-period Art Nouveau artists such as Pape and Clarke.
Some alleged works of Beardsley's were published in a book titled Fifty Drawings by Aubrey Beardsley, Selected From the Collection of Mr. H. S. Nicols; these were discovered to be forgeries, distinguishable by their pornographic erotic elements, rather than Beardsley's somewhat more subtle use of sexuality. Beardsley's work continued to cause controversy in Britain long after his death. During an exhibition of Beardsley's prints held at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London in 1966, a private gallery in London was raided by the police for exhibiting copies of the same prints on display at the museum, the owner charged under obscenity laws. Beardsley was a public as well as private eccentric, he said, "I have one aim—the grotesque. If I am not grotesque I am nothing." Wilde said he had "a face like a silver hatchet, grass green hair." Beardsley was meticulous about his attire: dove-grey suits, ties, yellow
Korea is a region in East Asia. Since 1948, it has been divided between two distinct sovereign states: South Korea. Korea consists of the Korean Peninsula, Jeju Island, several minor islands near the peninsula. Korea is bordered by China to the northwest, Russia to the northeast, neighbours Japan to the east by the Korea Strait and the Sea of Japan. During the first half of the 1st millennium, Korea was divided between the three competing states of Baekje and Silla, together known as the "Three Kingdoms of Korea". In the second half of the 1st millennium and Goguryeo were conquered by Silla, leading to the "Unified Silla" period. Meanwhile, Balhae formed in the north following the collapse of Goguryeo. Unified Silla collapsed into three separate states due to civil war, ushering in the Later Three Kingdoms. Toward the end of the 1st millennium Goryeo, a revival of Goguryeo, defeated the two other states and unified the Korean Peninsula as one single state. Around the same time, Balhae collapsed and its last crown prince fled south to Goryeo.
Goryeo, whose name developed into the modern exonym "Korea", was a cultured state that created the world's first metal movable type in 1234. However, multiple invasions by the Mongol Empire during the 13th century weakened the nation, which agreed to become a vassal state after decades of fighting. Following military resistance under King Gongmin which ended Mongol political influence in Goryeo, severe political strife followed, Goryeo fell to a coup led by General Yi Seong-gye, who established Joseon in 1392; the first 200 years of Joseon were marked by relative peace. During this period, the Korean alphabet was created by Sejong the Great in the 15th century and there was increasing influence of Confucianism. During the part of the dynasty, Korea's isolationist policy earned it the Western nickname of the "Hermit Kingdom". By the late 19th century, the country became the object of imperial design by the Empire of Japan. After the First Sino-Japanese War, despite the Korean Empire's effort to modernize, it was annexed by Japan in 1910 and ruled by Imperial Japan until the end of World War II in August 1945.
In 1945, the Soviet Union and the United States agreed on the surrender of Japanese forces in Korea in the aftermath of World War II, leaving Korea partitioned along the 38th parallel. The North was under Soviet occupation and the South under U. S. occupation. These circumstances soon became the basis for the division of Korea by the two superpowers, exacerbated by their inability to agree on the terms of Korean independence; the Communist-inspired government in the North received backing from the Soviet Union in opposition to the pro-Western government in the South, leading to Korea's division into two political entities: North Korea, South Korea. Tensions between the two resulted in the outbreak of the Korean War in 1950. With involvement by foreign troops, the war ended in a stalemate in 1953, but without a formalized peace treaty; this status contributes to the high tensions. Both governments of the two Koreas claim to be the sole legitimate government of the region. "Korea" is the modern spelling of "Corea", a name attested in English as early as 1614.
Korea was transliterated as Cauli in The Travels of Marco Polo, of the Chinese 高麗. This was the Hanja for the Korean kingdom of Goryeo, which ruled most of the Korean peninsula during Marco Polo's time. Korea's introduction to the West resulted from trade and contact with merchants from Arabic lands, with some records dating back as far as the 9th century. Goryeo's name was a continuation of Goguryeo the northernmost of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, known as Goryeo beginning in the 5th century; the original name was a combination of the adjective go with the name of a local Yemaek tribe, whose original name is thought to have been either *Guru or *Gauri. With expanding British and American trade following the opening of Korea in the late 19th century, the spelling "Korea" appeared and grew in popularity; the name Korea is now used in English contexts by both North and South Korea. In South Korea, Korea as a whole is referred to as Hanguk; the name references Samhan, referring to the Three Kingdoms of Korea, not the ancient confederacies in the southern Korean Peninsula.
Although written in Hanja as 韓, 幹, or 刊, this Han has no relation to the Chinese place names or peoples who used those characters but was a phonetic transcription of a native Korean word that seems to have had the meaning "big" or "great" in reference to leaders. It has been tentatively linked with the title khan used by the nomads of Central Asia. In North Korea, China and Japan, Korea as a whole is referred to as. "Great Joseon" was the name of the kingdom ruled by the Joseon dynasty from 1393 until their declaration of the short-lived Great Korean Empire in 1897. King Taejo had named them for the earlier Kojoseon, who ruled northern Korea from its legendary prehistory until their conquest in 108 BC by China's Han Empire; this go is the Hanja 古 and
Rodelle Selma Horwitz Weintraub is an American author, editor and public speaker. The focus of her career includes specializing in the works of George Bernard Shaw, she is the assistant editor of The Shaw Review. In 1982, the West Chester University of Pennsylvania the Weintraub Center for the Study of the Arts and Humanities was endowed by Weintraub and her husband, Stanley Weintraub; the center holds a collection of their books and memorabilia. She was one of the founders of the Bellefonte–State College Jewish Community Center, established in 1955, which became known as Congregation Brit Shalom. In 1963, she was named as the president of the synagogue, which established her as the first woman in the US to head a Jewish congregation. Rodelle Selma Horwitz was born on April 1933 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, she is the daughter of Minerva Horwitz. In 1950, she graduated from the Philadelphia High School for Girls. After school, she began attended the West Chester State Teachers College, now known as the West Chester University of Pennsylvania, before transferring to Temple University in Philadelphia.
In 1954, she earned a Bachelor's degree in Elementary Education. She married Stanley Weintraub on June 6, 1954, they have three children. In September 1954, they relocated to Pennsylvania with her husband, they lived in Centre County, before moving to Newark, Delaware in 2003. TeachingWeintraub taught business and technical writing at Pennsylvania State University, she retired after 14 years. She has served as a technical writing consultant. EditingWeintraub's background includes working as a literary editor; the book, which she served as editor, was nominated for a National Book Award. Another book which she edited includes Victoria, on the bestseller list in England, she has served as the editor of the Bulletin of the Wilmington Delaware Chapter of Hadassah, of which she was a board member. She is the editor of the Beech Hill Maintenance Association's monthly newsletter, of which she is one of their corporate officers, she has had the San Francisco Review of Books. Public speakingShe has offered keynote addresses and workshops on writing in the United States, as well as in Brazil and throughout Western Europe and South Africa.
Co-founder of Bellefonte–State College Jewish Community Center-Congregation Brit Shalom President of the Congregation Brit Shalom Member of the National Organization for Women Member of the League of Women Voters President of the Harris Acres Civic Association Member and Chairperson of the Boalsburg Water Authority Charter member of the National Museum for Women Artists Founding member of the National Museum of American Jewish History in Philadelphia Former board member of the Delaware Symphony Orchestra Former board member of the Newark Symphony Orchestra Former Member and President of the Delaware Chamber Music Festival Former Member and President of the Friends of the Newark Symphony Former board member of Wilmington, Delaware Chapter of Hadassah Corporate officer of the Beech Hill Maintenance Association Member of the International Shaw Society Former Member of the International Association of Irish Literature Author "Shaw's Celibate Marriage: Its Impact on His Plays," Cahiers Victoriens & Edouardiens, October 1979 "'Only the man... draws clear of it': a new look at Anthony Anderson" The Shaw Review, September 1980 "The Irish Lady in Shaw's Plays," The Shaw Review, May 1980 "Misalliance as High Comedy," 1984-85 Humanities Booklet #4 "Johnny's Dream: Misalliance" Shaw 7, 1987 "A Parachutist Prototype for Lina," Shaw 8, 1988* "Getting Married?
An Edwardian Dilemma," The Once and Future Shaw, 1990 “Votes for Women: Bernard Shaw and the Women’s Suffrage Movement,” Ritual Remembering History and Politics in Anglo-Irish Drama, Costerus New Series 99, 1995 “Bernard Shaw’s Fantasy Island: Simpleton of the Unexpected Isles,” The Classical World and the Mediterranean, Universita de Sassari, 1996 "Oh, the Dreaming, the Dreaming: Arms and the Man", Shaw and Other Matters, Associated University Presses 1998 “Don Roberto in Bernard Shaw’s Plays,” SHAW 31, 2011 “What Makes Johnny Run? Shaw's Man and Superman as a Pre-Freudian Dream Play,” ABEI Journal The Brazilian Journal of Irish Studies, Number 5, June 2003 “Bernard Shaw’s Henry Higgins: A Classic Aspergen,” English Literature in Translation 1880-1920, Vol. 49, No. 4, 2006 "Forward," "Shaw and Feminisms On Stage and Off" D. a. Hatfield & Jean Reynolds, eds. University Press of Florida, 2013Co-authored with Stanley Weintraub Lawrence of Arabia: The Literary Impulse, Louisiana State University Press, 1975 Shaw and Woman, The Shaw Review, January 1974 Fabian Feminist Bernard Shaw and Woman, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1977 Shaw Abroad, Shaw 5, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1985 Captain Brassbound's Conversion volume of Bernard Shaw Early texts: play manuscripts in facsimile, Garland Publishing, Inc. 1981 Bernard Shaw “Arms and the Man”, Penguin Classic 2006Co-edited with Stanley Weintraub Evolution of a Revolt Early Postwar Writings of T. E. Lawrence, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1968 "Moby-Dick and Seven Pillars of Wisdom" Studies in American Fiction "Chapman's Homer" The Classical World, September–October 1973 Arms and the Man and John Bull's Other Island by George Bernard Shaw, Bantam, 1993 Misalliance and Heartbreak House by George Bernard Shaw Dear Young Friend The Letters of American Presidents to Children, 2000