Leicestershire is a landlocked county in the English Midlands. The county borders Nottinghamshire to the north, Lincolnshire to the north-east, Rutland to the east, Northamptonshire to the south-east, Warwickshire to the south-west, Staffordshire to the west, Derbyshire to the north-west; the border with most of Warwickshire is Watling Street. Leicestershire takes its name from the city of Leicester located at its centre and administered separately from the rest of the county; the ceremonial county has a total population of just over 1 million, more than half of which lives in'Greater Leicester'. Leicestershire was recorded in the Domesday Book in four wapentakes: Guthlaxton, Framland and Gartree; these became hundreds, with the division of Goscote into West Goscote and East Goscote, the addition of Sparkenhoe hundred. In 1087, the first recorded use of the name was as Laegrecastrescir. Leicestershire's external boundaries have changed little since the Domesday Survey; the Measham-Donisthorpe exclave of Derbyshire has been exchanged for the Netherseal area, the urban expansion of Market Harborough has caused Little Bowden in Northamptonshire to be annexed.
In 1974, the Local Government Act 1972 abolished the county borough status of Leicester city and the county status of neighbouring Rutland, converting both to administrative districts of Leicestershire. These actions were reversed on 1 April 1997, when Rutland and the City of Leicester became unitary authorities. Rutland became a distinct Ceremonial County once again, although it continues to be policed by Leicestershire Constabulary; the symbol of the county council, Leicestershire County Cricket Club and Leicester City FC, is the fox. Leicestershire is considered to be the birthplace of fox hunting. Hugo Meynell, who lived in Quorn, is known as the father of fox hunting. Melton Mowbray and Market Harborough have associations with fox hunting, as has neighbouring Rutland. Leicestershire and Herefordshire are the only three English counties lacking a registered flag. A design was proposed for Leicestershire in 2017 based on symbols associated with the county – a fox and a cinquefoil; the River Soar together with its tributaries and canalisations constitutes the principal river basin of the county, although the River Avon and River Welland through Harborough and along the county's southern boundaries are significant.
The Soar rises between Hinckley and Lutterworth, towards the south of the county near the Warwickshire border, flows northwards, bisecting the county along its north/south axis, through'Greater' Leicester and to the east of Loughborough where its course within the county comes to an end. It continues north marking the boundary with Nottinghamshire for some 10 kilometres before joining the River Trent at the point where Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire meet; the geographical centre of England is in Leicestershire, near Fenny Drayton in the southwest of the county. In 2013, the Ordnance Survey calculated. A large part of the north-west of the county, around Coalville, forms part of the new National Forest area extending into Derbyshire and Staffordshire; the highest point of the county is Bardon Hill at 278 metres, a Marilyn. 150–200 metres and above in nearby Charnwood Forest and to the east of the county around Launde Abbey. The lowest point, at an altitude of about 20 metres, is located at the county's northernmost tip close to Bottesford where the River Devon flowing through the Vale of Belvoir leaves Leicestershire and enters Nottinghamshire.
This results in an altitude differential of around 257.5 metres and a mean altitude of 148.75 metres. The population of Leicestershire is 609,578 people; the county covers an area of 2,084 km2. Its largest population centre is the city of Leicester, followed by the town of Loughborough. Other large towns include Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Hinckley, Market Harborough, Melton Mowbray, Oadby and Lutterworth; some of the larger of villages are:Burbage Birstall, Broughton Astley, Castle Donington, Kibworth Beauchamp, Great Glen, Ibstock and Kegworth. One of the most expanding villages is Anstey, which has seen a large number of development schemes; the United Kingdom Census 2001 showed a total resident population for Leicester of 279,921, a 0.5% decrease from the 1991 census. 62,000 were aged under 16, 199,000 were aged 16–74, 19,000 aged 75 and over. 76.9% of Leicester's population claim they have been born in the UK, according to the 2001 UK Census. Mid-year estimates for 2006 indicate that the population of the City of Leicester stood at 289,700 making Leicester the most populous city in East Midlands.
The population density is 3,814/km2 and for every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. Of those aged 16–74 in Leicester, 38.5% had no academic qualifications higher than 28.9% in all of England. 23.0% of Leicester's residents were born outside of the United Kingdom, more than double than the English average of 9.2%. Engineering has long been an important part of the economy of Leicestershire. John Taylor Bellfounders co
River Eye, Leicestershire
The River Eye is a river in north-eastern Leicestershire that becomes the Wreake. The Eye rises at Bescaby, about six miles north-east of Melton Mowbray, it flows east towards Saltby, where it turns south and flows past Sproxton and Garthorpe. At Saxby it turns west and flows by Stapleford, Wyfordby and Thorpe Arnold. At Swan's Nest it enters Melton Mowbray, where it flows under bridges at Burton Road and Leicester Road, it passes Sysonby, where, at Sysonby Lodge it changes its name to the River Wreake, which flows into the River Soar. Its full journey is about 13 miles; the river is neither fast flowing, although it does flood periodically. It drifts through the gentle rolling countryside of north-east Leicestershire by fields bounded by hawthorn hedges. There is little woodland in the area, what's there is man-made in the form of fox coverts. Farming in the district is pastoral, with the grassland given over to sheep and cows, the traditional beasts of local agriculture. Stilton and Red Leicester cheeses came from the village and farm dairies in the Eye basin.
The name Eye comes from the Old English ēa, meaning "the river". It had an older, pre-historic name that has now been lost. However, Wreake is meaning the twisting or meandering one; the river has been the centre of human activity for many centuries. To its north-east, at Saltby Heath, are King Lud's Entrenchments, which may date from prehistoric times, although historians debate this, it may be significant that the Entrenchments lie just inside the county boundary with Lincolnshire, which may have been a territorial frontier. The county boundary follows the watershed between the River Eye and River Witham, is marked by the ancient routeway from south-east England to the north, known as Sewstern Lane or The Drift. About six miles south of the river at Melton Mowbray lie the impressive remains of an Iron Age hill fort at Burrough Hill, it is suggested that this may have been the tribal centre for the Corieltauvi people who lived in the East Midland counties of Leicester, Lincoln and Rutland. There is a presumed prehistoric trackway from Burrough Hill northward towards Melton Mowbray, where it crosses the River Eye and heads north towards the Vale of Belvoir.
In Roman times the tribal centre was moved to Leicester, which the Romans named Ratis Corieltauvorum. Nine of the villages bordering the river have Danish names; the rest are Saxon. It is that these incomers used the river to reach their new homes. All these villages are to have been sited on dry ground close to a good source of water; the River Eye provided this source. Stapleford means'the ford marked by posts' and indicates that the lanes around the Eye were in use twelve hundred years or so ago. Melton Mowbray appears to have become the Eye basin's trading centre in Saxon times, its market pre-dates the Norman conquest and is one of the few in England listed in the Domesday Book. Melton continued as the main trading centre in the area throughout medieval times, up to the present day; the Eye valley was used by the Oakham Canal. The stretch of the river from Stapleford to Sysonby was canalised. There are a few sparse remains of the canal, although the river has reverted to its natural state. In 1844 the Midland Railway built the Peterborough Railway alongside the canal.
It had to buy out the canal company as part of the agreement to build the railway. The Midland Railway allowed the canal to fall into disrepair because it was the major competitor to its new route. Today, the River Eye is a unknown part of the English landscape. Like many rivers it has a long history, much of it unwritten, it is still vital as a water source and drainage route and has a leisure focus for fishermen and those who walk the rights of way that criss-cross its route. The Eye has given its name to the UK's first community radio station 103 The Eye, broadcasting to Melton Mowbray and Vale of Belvoir since 2005
England is a country, part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to Scotland to the north-northwest; the Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south; the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight. The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Palaeolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century, since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century, has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world; the English language, the Anglican Church, English law – the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world – developed in England, the country's parliamentary system of government has been adopted by other nations.
The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. England's terrain is chiefly low hills and plains in central and southern England. However, there is upland and mountainous terrain in the west; the capital is London, which has the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. England's population of over 55 million comprises 84% of the population of the United Kingdom concentrated around London, the South East, conurbations in the Midlands, the North West, the North East, Yorkshire, which each developed as major industrial regions during the 19th century; the Kingdom of England – which after 1535 included Wales – ceased being a separate sovereign state on 1 May 1707, when the Acts of Union put into effect the terms agreed in the Treaty of Union the previous year, resulting in a political union with the Kingdom of Scotland to create the Kingdom of Great Britain. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. The name "England" is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the Angles"; the Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the Anglia peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea; the earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late-ninth-century translation into Old English of Bede's Ecclesiastical History of the English People. The term was used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was part of the English kingdom of Northumbria; the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years the Chronicle stated that King Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense.
According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its modern spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, in which the Latin word Anglii is used; the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars. How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe, less significant than others, such as the Saxons, came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons of Old Saxony between the Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany. In Scottish Gaelic, another language which developed on the island of Great Britain, the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England. An alternative name for England is Albion; the name Albion referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus the 4th-century BC De Mundo: "Beyond the Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth.
In it are two large islands called Britannia. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, i.e. it was written in the Graeco-Roman period or afterwards. The word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins, it either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the white cliffs of Dover or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones" in the now lost Massaliote Periplus, attested through Avienus' Ora Maritima to which the former served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England and made popular by its use in Arthurian legend; the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximate
East Midlands Ambulance Service
East Midlands Ambulance Service National Health Service Trust provides emergency 999, urgent care and patient transport services for the 4.8 million people within the East Midlands region of the UK - covering Nottinghamshire, Leicestershire, Rutland and Northamptonshire. In 2016/17 EMAS received over 938,837 emergency 999 calls with ambulance clinicians dispatched to 653,215 incidents. EMAS employs about 3,290 staff at more than 70 locations, including two control rooms at Nottingham and Lincoln - the largest staff group are those who provide accident and emergency responses to 999 calls. In 2013 EMAS took on 140 new emergency care assistants. In 2014 EMAS announced. In 2010 − 11 EMAS missed key performance targets after a cold spell brought ice. By June 2015 EMAS had failed to meet their category 1 response times for the fifth successive year. EMAS provided patient transport services until contracts worth £20 million per year were taken over in 2012 by two private sector companies. In 2012−13 EMAS had a budget of £148 million.
The Trust spent £4.3 million on voluntary and private ambulance services in 2013−14 for support in busy periods. In 2015 the service faced a drop in funding of around £6 million a year. In October 2014 the Trust decided to spend £88,000 on upgrading its computer equipment. In 2018 the trust said it would need an extra £20 million a year to meet the new ambulance performance standards. Emergency medical services in the United Kingdom Official website
Borough of Melton
Melton is a local government district with borough status in north-eastern Leicestershire, England. It is named after Melton Mowbray. Other settlements include Bottesford, it has a population of 46,861, increasing to 50,376 at the 2011 census. Melton Borough is an attractive rural area in the north-east part of Leicestershire and at the heart of the East Midlands, it is the 10th smallest district in England. The main activities of the Borough are centred on the single market town of Melton Mowbray which has a population of about 26,000. There are some 70 small villages within the surrounding rural area and the area of the Borough is 48,138ha, it was formed in 1974, from the Melton Mowbray Urban District and the Melton and Belvoir Rural District. The council offices on Nottingham Road burnt down on 30 May 2008. Across the road were situated the main offices of the East Midlands Regional Assembly before it was abolished in 2010; the borough is the home of Melton Mowbray Pork Pies. Ab Kettleby, Asfordby Barkestone-le-Vale and Redmile, Bottesford, Buckminster Broughton and Old Dalby and Dalby Clawson and Harby, Croxton Kerrial and Branston, Eastwell Freeby, Frisby on the Wreake Gaddesby, Grimston, Shoby Goadby Marwood Harby Hoby with Rotherby Kirby Bellars and Cold Overton Scalford, Sproxton, Stathern Twyford and Thorpe Waltham and Thorpe Arnold, Wymondham There are 28 Councillors, of which 26 are Conservative and so control the Council.
One Councillor is an Independent representing the Waltham on the Wolds Ward and there is one Labour Councillor who represents one of the two seats in the Melton Egerton Ward. The Conservative Leader of the Council represents the Old Dalby Ward; the Melton and Rutland constituency is Conservative. East Midlands Councils is based opposite the former Melton borough offices on the A606 within the PERA complex; the district borders South Kesteven, in Lincolnshire, to the east, Rutland to the south, Charnwood to the west, Rushcliffe and Newark and Sherwood in Nottinghamshire to the north. The north part of the district is known as the Vale of Belvoir. Farming and food production are the main industries with Pedigree Petfoods in Melton, its Waltham Centre for Pet Nutrition at Waltham on the Wolds. There is a large creamery at Long Clawson. Samworth Brothers are headquartered in Melton; the Royal Army Veterinary Corps and Defence Animal Centre are in Melton. The Birmingham to Peterborough Line runs through the borough, the borough is criss-crossed by the A607 and the A606.
Both these roads meet with resulting congestion. Until September 2008, the district operated the three-tier education system, whereby there were three middle schools. All these schools fed into the same upper school in Melton from 14-18. At both GCSE and A level, the district's results are above the England average. From age 16 Students can attend either Melton Vale Post 16 Centre for academic sixth form courses, or Brooksby Melton College for vocational courses; the Borough of Melton has experienced steady population growth in recent times albeit at a rate lower than the other districts within Leicestershire. In March 2012, Melton was identified as having the highest rate of accidental death by The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents, with statistics over the period from 2010/11 showing an average of 29 deaths for 100,000 people. Community profile at Leicestershire County Council Council returns to Melton in October 2008 Council office demolished in June 2008 Stapleford Miniature Railway
Stapleford Park is a Grade I listed country house in Stapleford, near Melton Mowbray in Leicestershire, now used as a hotel. It was the seat of the Sherard family the Earls of Harborough and, from 1894, of the Gretton family, who would become the Barons Gretton; the house has developed to its present form in stages. The north wing was built for Thomas Sherard c.1500 and remodelled in 1633 by William and Abigail Sherard. The main H-plan range was built for Bennet Sherard c.1670 and remodelled by the 4th Earl of Harborough c.1776. The orangery was added c.1820 and additional ranges were added by architect John Thomas Micklethwaite for brewer John Gretton in 1894-98. Stapleford Park had passed down in the Sherard family since 1402; the 3rd Baron Sherard was made Earl of Harborough in 1719, the title expiring on the death of the 6th Earl in 1859. The estate was bought in 1885 by James Hornsby and sold in 1894 to John Gretton, who carried out much alteration and new building, his son, John Gretton, MP, who succeeded him in 1899, subsequently became Baron Gretton.
American fast-food restaurateur and hotelier Bob Payton bought the house from Lord Gretton in 1988 to convert it into a hotel. He restored the buildings, according to his obituary "hiring Wedgwood, Turnbull & Asser, Crabtree & Evelyn to decorate its rooms". St Mary Magdalene's Church in the park was built in 1783 by George Richardson for the 4th Earl Harborough; the 6th Earl objected to a proposal in 1844 to run the Syston and Peterborough Railway through Stapleford Park along the course of the River Eye. Its construction would threaten the struggling Oakham Canal; the dispute led to a series of brawls and confrontations between the Earl's men and canal employees on one side and the railway's surveyors on the other with up to 300 involved in each skirmish. The dispute has been called the "Battle of Saxby"; the railway ran around Stapleford Park in what is known as "Lord Harborough's Curve". The tight bend was a nuisance for the express trains, when the Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway built a branch to Saxby, the opportunity was taken to reduce the curve, with Saxby station being moved in the process.
Lord Harborough had died in the meantime and the estate had been bought by Lord Gretton, more sympathetic to the railway. In 1958, the Stapleford Miniature Railway was constructed by the 2nd Lord Gretton in the parkland, as part of a public attraction which included a lion reserve; the park and house became a major tourist attraction through the 70s. The park though closed in 1982 and the house was sold to become an exclusive country hotel; the railway and parkland, are still owned by the Gretton family, open for charity a few times a year. Http://www.staplefordpark.com Stapleford Miniature Railway official site
Freeby is a village and civil parish in the Melton district of Leicestershire, about 3 miles east of Melton Mowbray. As well as the village of Freeby the civil parish includes the villages of Brentingby, Saxby and Wyfordby; the 2011 Census recorded the parish population as 244. Isaac Watts preached at the Congregational chapel, which became in United Reformed Church the early 1970s; the village was once a part of Melton Mowbray parish. At the time of Edward the Confessor it was known as "Fretheby" and "Fredebi", it was referred to as "Frieby" as late as 1816. All the properties, except the United Reformed Church, still belong to the Freeby estate; the estate is still a manor estate. The estate passed to Lord de Ros at the demise of the Despensers.. In 1568 the lord of the manor of Freeby was Edward, 3rd Earl of Rutland. 30 years the manor passed to Thomas Hartopp of that ancient family of Leicestershire. Sir John Hartopp, 3rd Baronet became MP for Leicestershire, employed the non-conformist Isaac Watts and left an endowment for the education of dissenting ministers.
The estate was sold by Sir JW Cradock Hartopp, Bart, to Mr Daniel Thwaites upon whose death in 1888 it passed to his only daughter, Elma Amy, the wife of Robert Yerburgh, M. P; the estate was part of many others owned by Mrs Yerburgh and under management of the Woodfold Estates Company Management. Mrs. Yerburgh died in 1946 and from 1955 the estates and brewery were managed separately from adjacent offices at Eanam, Blackburn; the buildings in the village show some similarity of age and building style commensurate with estate management. This can be seen in window frames and doors, the use of ironstone and brick building materials with limestone decoration. At the T junction to the west of the village, set upon a bank, is a terrace of six houses called Sykes Row; the red brick and tiled roof construction with decorative window arches are striking. Ivy House Farm, the Old Barn and Woodbine Cottage are opposite and as the road dips down into the village the church can be glimpsed behind the mature trees that border its north and west walls.
As the visitor proceeds along the road such cottages as Primrose and Laburnum Cottage grace the sides with their unspoilt red brick and tile construction and well kept gardens. Further along Manor Farm and Glen Farm, working farms, display wonderful building features such as working sash windows; the Manor Farmhouse is Grade II listed. Since 1994 Freeby has been under the protection of the Freeby Conservation Area which covers 3.38 hectares sand was designated by Melton Borough Council. The settlement is unspoilt as an agricultural village worthy of preservation and its buildings and rural nature are a credit to English heritage. Most of the village, other than some farm buildings, are encompassed in the conservation area; the oldest parts of the Church of England parish church of St Mary are 14th century. The building is in an Early English style; the parish register is fragmented until the beginning of the 19th century. Like so many medieval churches it has been repaired and altered many times, the last thorough restoration around 1894.
As with many churches in this area it is built of limestone ashlar. The aisles were added some time and the limestone tower was built in the 16th century. Ornamental medieval corbels adorn each south window and the church has a north door; the church is on a prominence on the north side of the road through the village and, its downfall. That hill is not solid rock and, according to a BBC video is sand which has resulted to constant repairs throughout the last 700 years as the church settles; the church would seat 200 but it has been closed for some time because of its small congregation and its state of repair. English Heritage, after a survey of churches say, "The church serves a small community, who have maintained it well over the years, but some of the stonework needs urgent repairs. English Heritage and the Heritage Lottery Fund is providing a scheme of repair grants to places of worship like St Mary's.” The church has been found closed. Photographs in the gallery show the extent of the damage to some extent but the author has no access to the interior.
There is a preservation order, granted on 24 August 1999 by Melton Borough Council, on a dozen trees on the north side of the churchyard. At present the villagers worship in the chapel, a small building a short walk across the road from St Mary's; the chapel was built before 1881. It has a porch; the civil parish of Freeby includes Saxby, Stapleford and Brentingby as well as Freeby itself. Saxby is a small village in the parish of Freeby. Saxby is one of the Thankful Villages -- only 52 of; these villages and parishes sent men to fight in the Great War, 1914-1918, all of them came back alive. In 1696 the non-conformist cleric and hymn-writer Isaac Watts was appointed minister to the Hartopp family of Stoke Newington and Freeby, he preached at the Congregational chapel in the village until 1699. Pevsner, Nikolaus. Leicestershire and Rutland; the Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. Pp. 154–155. Freeby Parish Council