Colliers Hatch, is a hamlet in the civil parish of Stapleford Tawney in the Epping Forest district of the county of Essex, England. It is 2 miles east of Epping, 3.5 miles west of Chipping Ongar and 7 miles north of Romford. Colliers Hatch is 0.5 miles north of the hamlet of Tawney Common in the Stapleford Tawney parish. The hamlet measures at 0.25 hectares and is a collection of scattered houses and farms. As of 2017, there is an estimated average population of 30; the hamlet is governed, locally by Stapleford Tawney parish council. The ancient history of Collier's Hatch can be seen at the discovery of Roman ruins. Alongside this, 108 Roman coins and 9 brooches were found. Archaeologists agree; the discovery of a Roman site including the remains of Roman regular and brick fragments, pottery shards were discovered around what experts believe is a possible Roman villa. The site of which these were discovered is a 17th-century building surrounded by a moat; this is listed as a Grade II building. In pre-medieval times, Colliers Hatch became a source of charcoal to London.
Geologists have found. Charcoal was the main fuel of bread ovens in the capital. Bread ovens were called'colliers' and many were found in the surrounding woods in the local area, hence the name, Collier's Hatch. Between 1200 and 1350 AD, the wood called Ongar Park Pale was used as a 500 hectare hunting ground for the local nobility; these enclosed parks were used for the hunting of deer and other wild animals, traditionally adjacent to a manor. These parks were established under the Anglo-Saxon era however popularity for them increased immensely under the Normans; this was estimated to be one of 3,000 nationally. Ongar Park is a early, a well documented, example of an English deer park and is the earliest known park in Essex; the park has been dated by documentary evidence to the Anglo Saxon period. It was mentioned in a will of 1045 and is one of 36 examples of parks known from throughout the country in Domesday Book of 1086. In the 13th century the park was transformed into the manor of Ongar Park, which resulted in the retention of the majority of the park's medieval boundaries up to the present day in field boundaries.
The length included in the present scheduling represents a sample of the total length of the pale and includes some of the best preserved earthworks. Ongar Park Pale as a hunting ground is defined by its upstanding earthwork banks and buried ditches. Archaeology around the area has found artifactual and environmental evidence of a deer park and hunting ground. By the 17th century Ongar Park Pale had disappeared. In the 17th-century Collier Hatch had experienced some building development. Moat House is a Grade II listed building occupying the centre of a island surrounding a moat. A causeway across the western arm of the moat provides access to the island. A spur of the ditch extending 4m beyond the outer edge of the western arm of the moat may have served as a watering place for cattle from the adjacent fields. A leat continues southwards for 8m from the eastern arm of the moat linking the moat with adjacent drainage ditches; the moat is marked on a number of historic maps including Chapman and Andre's 1777 Map of Essex, the 1809'Survey of a Farm in the Parish of Stapleford Tawney', reduced from a 1757 survey, the 1838 Tithe Map of Stapleford Tawney.
These show. Further examples are situated 3.4km to the north west at North Weald Bassett. Finch's Farm was established in 1681 with a messuage; this is recorded in 1747 as'Steward Farm'. Alongside this, Tawney Hatch, another house was erected in this era and granted Grade II listed status in 1984. Colliers Hatch is represented at Westminster by MP for Brentwood and Ongar, it is Conservative with the Conservatives winning 100% of the vote in 2016's local elections. It lies in the Passingford Ward of Epping Forest District Council's representative areas. Colliers Hatch is represented at the Essex County Council by Maggie McEwan, county councillor for Ongar and Rural. A district and county councillor. In 2017, at the county council elections she won 68.2% of the vote, followed by the Liberal Democrats with 12.6%. This result makes Ongar and Rural the second most Conservative supporting area in Essex, behind North Weald and Nazeing; the hamlet of Colliers Hatch is governed locally by the Stapleford Tawney Parish council.
This is a group of 5 elected parish councillors who represent both areas of Stapleford Tawney, Tawney Common and Collier's Hatch. The hamlet varies in elevation; the highest elevation remains at 91 meters above sea level and lies on the beginning of Tawney Common Road, branching off from Mount Road. The lowest elevation is 84 meters above sea level and lies on the road away from Tawney Common, towards Tawney Common; the elevation is high enough to provide panoramic views of the Essex countryside, however the north and west views from the hamlet are obscured by forestry. To the left is a table totalling the historical population of the Stapleford Tawney Parish; this encompasses the villages of Stapleford Tawney and Collier's Hatch. In 2001, the population of Tawney Common, the small village of Stapleford Tawney and hamlet of Collier's Hatch was 103. 53.4% of the parish was men, totalling to 55. Women made up 46.6% or 48 in total. The density of the parish's population was 0.15 people per hectare, down from 0.16 in 1991.
This evidences the sparsely populated nature of the area. The population live in the 43 houses in the parish; the average household si
High Ongar is a village and civil parish in the County of Essex, England. It is located a mile north-east of Chipping Ongar, 8 miles west of Chelmsford and 6 miles north-west of Brentwood; the village of High Ongar has existed since the beginning of the 17th century, although in the Middle Ages it was no more than a tiny hamlet. The oldest surviving house in the village is the timber-framed and weather-boarded building east of the church, known as Post Office Cottages; this may have been built as the rectory. Part of it was at one time used as a "lock-up"; the most prominent building within High Ongar's Conservation Area is the parish church of St. Mary the Virgin, listed Grade I; the church dates from the mid-12th century although it was extended and restored in the 19th century. Thomas Chase, former Lord Chancellor of Ireland and Chancellor of Oxford spent his last years as vicar here. Other listed buildings in the area include: High Ongar Primary School. Media related to High Ongar at Wikimedia Commons High Ongar Parish Council High Ongar British Legion High Ongar Primary School High Ongar Charity 10k St. Mary's Church, High Ongar
The United Kingdom the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea lies between Great Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres, the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world, it is the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is constitutional monarchy; the current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state.
The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area; the United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.
It has been a leading member state of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community, since 1973. The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization; the 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain". The term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain"; the Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland".
Although the United Kingdom is a sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries. The UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom; some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. However, it is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed, with the BBC preferring to use Britain as shorthand only for Great Britain and the UK Government, while accepting that both terms refer to the United K
Essex Police is a territorial police force responsible for policing the county of Essex, in the east of England, consisting of over 1.7 million people and around 1,400 square miles. It is one of the largest non-metropolitan police forces in the United Kingdom, employing over 2,900 police officers; the Chief Constable is Ben-Julian Harrington, who took up the appointment in October 2018. Assistant Chief Constable for Media Relations Steve Worron is simultaneously ACC for Area Operations for Kent Police due to the two forces forming a joint Serious Crime Directorate; as of 2017, Assistant Chief Constable Nick Downing became the head of the Serious Crime Directorate for Kent and Essex Police. In November 2012, the first Essex Police and Crime Commissioner election took place, in which Conservative candidate Nick Alston achieved 30.5% of the first round votes, 51.5% of the second round votes against Independent candidate Mick Thwaites. Alston set his 4 priorities in his election statement as 1) policing that meets local needs, 2) policing, prompt and professional, 3) effective cooperation and partnership between Police and the Voluntary Sector, 4) to be an influential voice in leading public engagement about crime reduction and policing, to listen to and speak for the victims of crime.
Nick Alston was elected with a 12.8% turnout. Essex police were featured in 3 of Channel 5's Police Interceptors. Essex Constabulary was formed in 1840. In 1965, the force had an establishment of 1,862 officers. Southend-on-Sea Borough Police was established by the county borough of Southend-on-Sea, England, in 1914. In 1969 Southend-on-Sea Borough Police amalgamated with Essex Constabulary to become the Essex and Southend-on-Sea Joint Constabulary; this merger was campaigned against by the local MPs. Colchester at one time had its own police force; the title was shortened to Essex Police in 1974. In April 2000, it took over parts of the county in the south-west in the Metropolitan Police Area. Epping Forest Keepers act as Epping Forest constables in the Forest parishes in the south-west of the Essex Police area. Essex Police is one of the United Kingdom's largest non-metropolitan police forces with a strength of over 2,900 police officers, its headquarters, the Force Control Room and Essex Police College, are all located in Chelmsford.
Strategically, Essex is an important force. Bordering London, the force area consists of affluent city suburbs, large urban areas, industrial centres, rural villages, London Stansted Airport and two of the UK's major ports; the force polices one of the largest expanses of coastline of any force in the UK. The police area covers 1,400 square miles and has a population of around 1,700,000; the Chief Constable is Ben-Julian Harrington who replaced Stephen Kavanagh after he retired in October 2018. The force has been a regular innovator and is used by the Home Office to trial new procedures and equipment, including automatic number plate recognition and the X26 Taser. Essex Police was the subject of the television series Police Interceptors, which followed the work of the specialist Mobile Support Division's ANPR intercept unit that utilise high-performance pursuit vehicles, including the Mitsubishi Evo X and Subaru Impreza, to pursue and intercept mobile criminals. In late 2016, Essex Police was the subject of a television series The Force: Essex, which followed the duties and responsibilities of Essex Police in the modern day, covering the front-line aspect of the police officers on duty, across Essex.
A number of specialist teams within Essex were grouped into the Mobile Support Division. In 2012 Essex Police moved away from the divisional structure to a patrol based structure and the former components of the Mobile Support Division were moved to new command structures. Roads Policing and Dog Section became part of the Patrol function. Crime Division works across the territorial divisions of Essex and with forces nationwide, providing resources and expertise; as a division within Essex Police, it deals with the specialist aspects of crime investigation, tending to focus on serious crime, but not and provides support to territorial divisions' efforts in investigating crime. Crime Division has a command team structure of a divisional commander, supported by a director of intelligence, lead senior investigating officer, support manager and divisional administrative manager, based at the Chelmsford headquarters; this team is supported by section heads. The work of the various departments of Crime Division are both reactive.
The way in which major crimes are investigated has changed over time. 30 years ago, the head of Crime Division would have carried out every part of the investigation in a murder case himself, including interviewing key witnesses. However, this has now been transformed with the advent of computerised Major Investigation Rooms and concerns over handling complex, high-profile enquiries like the Stephen Lawrence case. In April 2000, the Major Investigation Team was set up to investigate homicides, abductions and extortion; each major investigation has a senior investigation officer, like the conductor of an orchestra, overseeing all the different parts of the investigations. The SIO works with a MIT and they are supported by the resources of Major Investigation Centralised Administrative Support. There are four MIT offices, at Harlow, Brentwood and Rayleigh; the sc
Little Laver is a village and a civil parish in the Epping Forest district of Essex, England. Little Laver's parish church is dedicated to St Mary the Virgin. At the end of the 19th century Little Laver's population fell just below 100 households and has since remained about this level. Media related to Little Laver at Wikimedia Commons Little Laver: Manors, British History Online Little Laver Essex, A Vision of Britain Through Time Listed Buildings in Little Laver, England, British Listed Buildings
The River Roding is a river in England that rises at Molehill Green near Dunmow in Essex. It flows south through Essex and London and forms Barking Creek as it reaches the River Thames; the river leaves Dunmow and passes through or near a group of villages in Essex known collectively as the Rodings, as their names are'Roding' prefixed with various different specific names. After Chipping Ongar, the river flows under the M25 motorway by Passingford Abridge; the river runs between Loughton and Chigwell, where the Roding Valley Meadows make up the largest surviving area of traditionally managed river-valley habitat in Essex. This nature reserve consists of unimproved wet and dry hay meadows, rich with flora and fauna and bounded by thick hedgerows, secondary woodland and tree plantation; the meadows stretch down to the M11 motorway and Roding Valley tube station is situated close to the area, although Loughton or Buckhurst Hill are better placed for a visit. The river enters Woodford. Redbridge takes its name from a crossing of the river which passes through Ilford and Barking.
The River Roding through Ilford project is a government backed scheme to improve amenities along this stretch of the river. After Barking the tidal section is known as Barking Creek, which flows into the Thames at Creekmouth, where the Barking Barrier acts as a flood defence. In Essex the river forms part of the boundary between the district of Epping Forest and borough of Brentwood; the river marks the southernmost part of the boundary between the London Borough of Newham and the London Borough of Barking and Dagenham. Ilford takes its name from Ilefort, "ford on the River Hyle", the ancient name for the lower part of the Roding. Tributaries of the River Thames List of rivers in England Wanstead Sewage Works River Roding at Passingford Bridge
Theydon Mount is a village and a civil parish in the Epping Forest district of the county of Essex, England. The village is notable for Hill Hall; the name "Theydon" is thought to mean'valley where thatch grows'. The word "Mount" derives from the hill. Theydon Mount has been called Theydon Paulyn, Theydon Lessington, Theydon Briwes in the past; the names from the former lords of the manor. The name Thoydon Mount has been used. Theydon Bois and Mount were recorded in the Domesday Book as'Taindena' and'Teidana'. Theydon Mount is close to the M25 motorway; the parish, which includes the hamlet of Mount End, has an area of 632 hectares and a population of 163 people. Nearby settlements include the town of Epping, the villages of Theydon Bois, Stapleford Tawney, Theydon Garnon, the hamlets of Hobbs Cross, Passingford Bridge, Mount End and Fiddlers Hamlet. Hill Hall is a Grade I Listed country house, it was built in 1557-8 for Sir Thomas Smith. Theydon Mount has a church called St Michael, completed in 1614 by Sir William Smith and is Grade I Listed.
The original church was St Michael and St Stephen which burnt down in 1611. Mount Hall was near to the site of Hill Hall, there are no remains of it. Theydon Mount had a school which closed in 1942, the children were transferred to Theydon Garnon. Media related to Theydon Mount at Wikimedia Commons