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Starman (comics)

Starman is a name used by several different DC Comics superheroes, most prominently Ted Knight and his sons David and Jack. Created by writer Gardner Fox and artist Jack Burnley, the original Starman, Ted Knight, first appeared in Adventure Comics #61. An astronomer, Knight invented a "gravity rod" reinvented as a "cosmic rod", allowing him to fly and manipulate energy, donned a red and green costume with a distinctive finned helmet. Like most Golden Age heroes, Starman fell into obscurity in the 1950s. In the ensuing years, several characters, with varying degrees of relation to the original took the mantle of Starman. In Zero Hour: Crisis in Time #1, writer James Robinson and artist Tony Harris introduced Jack Knight, the son of the first Starman. A reluctant non-costumed hero, he inherited his father's name and mission and used his technology to create a cosmic staff, he starred in a critically acclaimed series, written by Robinson, from 1994 until 2001. The current successor of Starman is Stargirl the second Star-Spangled Kid.

Starman, announcing that he comes "from the past," appears in Justice League #7 and subsequent issues. Below, in chronological order of activity, are the characters to have used the name "Starman": Theodore Henry Knight is a 1940s DC Comics superhero who wore a red costume with a finned helmet and a green cape, wielded a "gravity rod" which enabled him to fly and fire energy bolts, he is a member of the Justice Society of America. The Starman of 1951 is a superhero who operated in the DC Universe in 1951. In pre-Crisis continuity, the Starman of the 1950s was Batman, who took up that mantle in Detective Comics #247, using variants of his usual equipment, but with a star motif instead of a bat, due to him having been hypnotized to be given a fear of bats in the belief that this would render him incapable of being a hero. Post-Crisis, the character was retconned in Starman Secret Files and Origins; the name was first used by Charles McNider. When David Knight, son of the original Starman, is drawn back in time, he takes over the identity from McNider for a brief period.

In Detective Comics #286, a villainous Star-Man appeared to menace Batman and Robin whose super-strength waned in the presence of a Tibetan belt worn by Batwoman. Mikaal Tomas is a DC Comics superhero, introduced in the 1970s. Tomas is an alien who traveled to Earth to help conquer it, but instead turned against his war-like people in defense of the human race, he has blue skin and wore Mister Miracle-style flight-discs on his feet that allowed him to fly, a medallion containing a sonic crystal around his neck. The gem became embedded in his chest and allows him to fire bolts of energy, he first appeared in 1st Issue Special #12. Writer Gerry Conway said he liked the name Starman and created the character as an homage, not to the original 1940s Starman, but the Starman featured in issues of The Brave and the Bold during the mid-1960s; the character suffered amnesia until he turned up in the 1990s Starman series. In James Robinson's 1990s series, Mikaal was given the name Starman not as a means of carrying on Ted Knight's legacy, but rather in reference to the song "Starman" by David Bowie.

The song tells of a benevolent alien who arrives on Earth in order to save the planet from destruction, a situation which parallels Mikaal's backstory. The 1990s series revealed that Mikaal's homeworld was Talok III, sister planet to Talok VIII, the home of Shadow Lass; the inhabitants of the eighth planet have darker blue skin. Tomas' origins have been noted to bear certain similarities to that of Captain Mar-Vell of Marvel Comics. Robinson's series portrayed Starman in a gay relationship. Starman's specific sexual identity was not addressed in print, his long-term relationship with Tony lasted, in DC continuity, twelve years, interrupted by Tony's death. A 2010 Robinson story subsequently clarified. Commenting on the series, Gerry Conway said he "was flattered and amused" that someone would revive a character he had created as a one-off to fill an issue of 1st Issue Special. In 2009, writer James Robinson returned to the character, reintroducing him as a main character in Justice League: Cry for Justice.

In the first issue, his lover from the Starman series, is killed while visiting his parents in New York by unnamed supervillains, prompting Mikaal to seek justice. He meets and befriends Congorilla, a fellow hero, mourning the loss of someone close to him, in this case his partner and close friend, Freedom Beast; the two heroes travel to Paris, where they find the two assassins who murdered their loved ones, in the ensuing fight both villains are killed before they can reveal who hired them. After asking Animal Man for help, the heroes travel to the Justice League Watchtower, only to soon find themselves in the midst of a battle with Prometheus, the villain that hired the assassins to kill Tony and Freedom Beast. Mikaal and his companions are defeated, Prometheus escapes after destroying Star City. Mikaal is shown helping Congorilla and the members of the Justice League search for survivors in the ruins of the city. After this, Mikaal appears in the main Justice League of America series, where he tries to help Congorilla after he is attacked by a group of villains working for Doctor Impossible.

Robinson added Mikaal to the Justice League. In his first mission with the team, he helped capt

1914 Philadelphia Athletics season

The 1914 Philadelphia Athletics season was a season in American baseball. It involved the A's finishing first in the American League with a record of 53 losses, they went on to face the Boston Braves in the 1914 World Series, which they lost in four straight games. After the season, Connie Mack sold his best players off to other teams due to his frustration with the Federal League; the A's would post seven consecutive last place finishes in the American League and would not win another pennant until 1929. The franchise took a downturn in 1914; the favored Athletics lost the 1914 World Series to the "Miracle" Boston Braves in a four-game sweep. Miracles have two sides, for a few years this "miracle" wrought disaster on the A's. Mack traded, sold or released most of the team's star players soon after, the team fell into a lengthy slump. Note: Pos = Position. = Batting average. = Batting average.

Valley Road Bridge, Stewartstown Railroad

Valley Road Bridge, Stewartstown Railroad is a historic railroad bridge in Hopewell Township, York County, Pennsylvania. Built for the Northern Central Railroad in 1870, the 190 foot long bridge was disassembled and reassembled on the Stewartstown Railroad in 1885. A girder structure was added in 1920, the original bridge structure was removed, although the original 1870 trusses are still in place; the bridge is still in active use, services the Stewartstown Railroad passenger excursions. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1995. List of bridges documented by the Historic American Engineering Record in Pennsylvania Historic American Engineering Record No. PA-205, "Stewartstown Railroad Bridge", 14 photos, 1 color transparency, 2 measured drawings, 15 data pages, 2 photo caption pages

Gas Turbine Research Establishment

Gas Turbine Research Establishment is a laboratory of the Defence Research and Development Organisation. Located in Bangalore, its primary function is research and development of aero gas-turbines for military aircraft; as a spin-off effect, GTRE has been developing marine gas-turbines also. Principal achievements of Gas Turbine Research Establishment include: Design and development of India's "first centrifugal type 10kN thrust engine" between 1959-61. Design and development of a "1700K reheat system" for the Orpheus 703 engine to boost its power; the redesigned system was certified in 1973. Successful upgrade of the reheat system of the Orpheus 703 to 2000K. Improvement of the Orpheus 703 engine by replacing "the front subsonic compressor stage" with a "transonic compressor stage" to increase the "basic dry thrust" of the engine. Design and development of a "demonstrator" gas turbine engine—GTX 37-14U—for fighter aircraft. Performance trials commenced in 1977 and the "demonstrator phase" was completed in 1981.

The GTX 37-14U was "configured" and "optimized" to build a "low by-pass ratio jet engine" for "multirole performance aircraft". This engine was dubbed GTX 37-14U B. GTX-35VS Kaveri Engine was intended to power production models of HAL Tejas. Defending the program GTRE mentioned reasons for delay including: Non availability of state of the art wind tunnel facility in India The technology restrictions imposed by US by placing it in "entities" listBoth hurdles having been cleared, GTRE intended to continue work on the AMCA; this program was abandoned in 2014. Kaveri Marine Gas Turbine is a design spin-off from the Kaveri engine, designed for Indian combat aircraft. Using the core of the Kaveri engine, GTRE added low-pressure compressor and turbine as a gas generator and designed a free power turbine to generate shaft power for maritime applications; the involvement of Indian Navy in the development and testing of the engine has given a tremendous boost to the programme The Ghatak engine will be a 52-kilonewton dry variant of the Kaveri aerospace engine and will be used in the UCAV.

The Government of India has cleared a funding of INR 2650 Crores for the project. DRDO K-9 kaveri turbofan engines projectK-10K-10 turbofan engines project DRDO Manik 4.25 kN small turbofan powering Nirbhay missile The KMGT was tested on the Marine Gas Turbine test bed, an Indian Navy facility at Vishakhapatnam. The engine has been tested to its potential of 12 MW at ISA SL 35 °C condition, a requirement of the Navy to propel SNF class ships, such as the Rajput class destroyers. DIRECTORATE OF AERONAUTICS Gas Turbine Research Establishment Gas Turbine Research Establishment

Joseph Casavant

Joseph Casavant was a French Canadian manufacturer of pipe organs. Casavant was born 23 January 1807 in Saint-Hyacinthe, Lower Canada to Dominique Casavant and Marie-Desanges Coderre. A blacksmith, Casavant gave up his trade at age 27 to pursue classical studies in Sainte-Thérèse-de-Blainville. While at Father Charles-Joseph Ducharme's college in 1834, he happened upon a treatise by Dom Bédos de Celles; the 1766 work on organ building was titled L'Art du Facteur d'Orgues. He subsequently abandoned school's organ. News spread throughout the region with the vestry from the Ville de Laval ordering an organ, he set up business in Saint-Hyacinthe and received his first contract in 1840. In 1850, he received an order for a church organ from Canada West. While living there temporarily, he married his second wife Marie-Olive Sicard de Carufel. By the time he retired in 1866, he had built 17 organs, including the ones for the Catholic cathedrals of Ottawa and Kingston, the village church in Mont-Saint-Hilaire.

Casavant died in Saint-Hyacinthe on 9 March 1874. His work was carried on by his sons, Joseph-Claver and Samuel-Marie, under the firm name of Casavant Frères. Little of Casavant's work survives today, however the company his two sons established retains the copy of de Celles' work. Casavant Frères organ manufacturer website Historica’s Heritage Minute video docudrama about Joseph Casavant

Mountain Lake Township, Cottonwood County, Minnesota

Mountain Lake Township is a township located in Cottonwood County, United States. According to the 2010 census, the population was 384; the township was organized in 1871. Mountain Lake Township has a total area of 35.8 square miles, of which 35.7 square miles is land and 0.1 square miles, or 0.17%, is water. It derives its name from the lake of the same name. Otherwise, there are several small creeks flowing in the township. Except for the extreme southern portion of the town of Mountain Lake, located in Midway township, there are no incorporated towns within the township. An early historical source describes the land within its borders thus, "It is excellent land and produces immense crops of all grains and grasses common to this latitude." Mountain Lake Township was formally organized on May 6, 1871, at a meeting in the home of A. A. Soule, it is a full thirty-six section township, located directly south of Midway township, west of the Watonwan county line, north of Jackson county, directly east of Lakeview township.

The name "Mountain Lake" itself is attributed to the township's earliest non-Indian inhabitant, William Mason. As told on the city's website, “the first white settler to the area, William Mason, found a shallow 900-acre lake with three islands; the two smaller islands just broke the water's surface. The third much larger, higher island looked to Mason like a mountain rising from the lake, he named the lake Mountain Lake and the island Mountain Island.” The circular island, located in the center of the lake, was flat on top and rose about forty feet out of the water. The top of the island was covered with trees which could be seen for many miles, thus serving as a land-mark and a guide for early settlers; the township was named from the lake. Demand for tillable farmland and construction advances led to the lake's draining in the 1905–06 timeframe; the original lake's largest island – now a tree-covered hill amidst the surrounding farmland – has become a county park, which since 1973 been listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Archeological evidence unearthed in a 1976 dig revealed remnants of a Fox Indian inhabitation from what could be as early as 500 B. C. making the former island's location within the township the oldest human habitation yet to be discovered in the state of Minnesota. On May 6, 1871, Daniel D. Bates and others presented a petition at the organizational board meeting held in the home of A. A. Soule, requesting that "township 105, range 34 be set off and called Mountain Lake township." At the organizational meeting, the aforementioned Daniel D. Bates and A. A. Soule, plus M. Jacobson were appointed election judges and S. H. Soule was appointed clerk; the legal description of the newly formed townships was: "Commencing at the northeast corner of township 105, range 34, thence south to the southeast corner of said township and range. Mennonite immigrants from Ukraine began to arrive in the Mountain Lake area in 1873, having been recruited by William Seeger, a member of the Minnesota State Board of Immigration.

Seeger had intentionally targeted these Mennonite farmers, “because they were believed to be hard workers of good character.” Because the township's farmland was surveyed, the Mennonites could not arrange themselves in the traditional communal villages they had been accustomed to in their Ukrainian colonies. This forced them to adapt to American-style, single family farms and to live amongst their non-Mennonite neighbors; as settlement continued, they soon established a successful and cohesive farming community, “based on agriculture and local commerce.” Many of the township's current residents are descendants of these immigrants. The township contains a historic cemetery dating to circa 1880, located in section 22 of the township, where some of the pioneer Mennonite residents are buried; the population of the township in 1895 was the 1900 census counted 512 inhabitants. In 1994, the Neuhof Hutterite Colony in Mountain Lake township was founded as a division of the Spring Lake Hutterite Colony of Oldham, South Dakota.

The Neuhof Colony reports 64 residents. Neuhof is associated with the Hutterite branch known as Schmiedeleut. In 2005, a second Hutterite colony was formed as a branch of the Upland Hutterite Colony of Letcher, South Dakota, called Elmendorf Christian Community; this community is an independent colony, with a Hutterite tradition. Elmendorf reports 135 residents. Elmendorf is affiliated with a group of independent Hutterites known as the Hutterite Christian Communities. According to the U. S. Census, as of 2010 the township's population was 384, down from 442 in the 2000 census, making the population density 10.73 persons per square mile. The 2010 population included 81 families residing in the township. There were 100 occupied housing units with an average household size of 3.84. The racial makeup of the township was 95.8% White, 0.3% African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.5% from two or more races, 2.6% reporting "some other race". Hispanic or Latino of any race were reported as 5.5% of the population.

Of the 100 households in the township, 19% were non-family households and 81% were families. There were 40 households which had children under the age of 18. 77% of the family households were husband-wife/married families, 2% wer