Stars and Stripes (newspaper)

Stars and Stripes is an American military newspaper that focuses and reports on matters concerning the members of the United States Armed Forces. It operates from inside the Department of Defense, but is editorially separate from it, its First Amendment protection is safeguarded by the United States Congress, to whom an independent ombudsman, who serves the readers' interests reports; as well as a website and Stripes publishes four daily print editions for the military service members serving overseas. The newspaper has its headquarters in Washington, D. C. During World War I, the staff, roving reporters, illustrators of the Stars and Stripes were veteran reporters or young soldiers who would become such in the post-war years, it was published by the American Expeditionary Forces from February 8, 1918, to June 13, 1919. Harold Ross, editor of the Stars and Stripes, returned home to found The New Yorker magazine. Cyrus Baldridge, its art director and principal illustrator, became a major illustrator of books and magazines, as well as a writer, print maker and stage designer.

Sports page editor Grantland Rice had a long career in journalism and founded a motion picture studio called Grantland Rice Sportlight. Drama critic Alexander Woollcott's essays for Stars and Stripes were collected in his 1919 book, The Command Is Forward; the Stars and Stripes was an eight-page weekly which reached a peak of 526,000 readers, relying on the improvisational efforts of its staff to get it printed in France and distributed to U. S. troops. During World War II, the newspaper was printed in dozens of editions in several operating theaters. Again, both newspapermen in uniform and young soldiers, some of whom would become important journalists, filled the staffs and showed zeal and talent in publishing and delivering the paper on time; some of the editions were assembled and printed close to the front in order to get the latest information to the most troops. During the war, the newspaper published the 53-book series G. I. Stories. After Bill Mauldin did his popular "Up Front" cartoons for the World War II Stars and Stripes, he returned home to a successful career as an editorial cartoonist and two-time winner of the Pulitzer Prize.

The newspaper has been published continuously in Europe since 1942 and in the Pacific since 1945. Notable former Stars and Stripes staffers include: CBS 60 Minutes' Andy Rooney and Steve Kroft. A photograph in Stars and Stripes loosely inspired the exploits of PFC Jack Agnew in the 1965 novel and its 1967 film adaptation, The Dirty Dozen. American comic strips have been presented in Stripes' Sunday Comics. Stars and Stripes is authorized by Congress and the US Department of Defense to produce independent daily military news and information distributed at U. S. military installations in Europe and Mideast and East Asia. A weekly derivative product is distributed within the United States by its commercial publishing partners. Stars and Stripes newspaper averages 32 pages each day and is published in tabloid format and online at Stars and Stripes employs civilian reporters, U. S. military senior non-commissioned officers as reporters, at a number of locations around the world and on any given day has an audience just shy of 1.0 million.

Stars and Stripes serves independent military news and information to an online audience of about 2.0 million unique visitors per month, 60 to 70 percent of whom are located in the United States. Stars and Stripes is a non-appropriated fund organization, only subsidized by the Department of Defense. In 2020, Deputy Under Secretary of Defense Elaine McCusker indicated its funding would be cut and said: “We have decided that, you know, kind of coming into the modern age that newspaper is not the best way that we communicate any longer.” A large portion of its operating costs is earned through the sale of advertising and subscriptions. Unique among the many military publications and Stripes operates as a First Amendment newspaper and is part of the newly formed Defense Media Activity; the other entities encompassed by the Defense Media Activity, are command publications of the Department of Defense. Stars and Stripes is in the process of digitizing its World War II editions. Newspaper microfilm from 1949 to 1999 is now in searchable format through a partnership with Heritage Microfilm and has been integrated into an archives website.

Newspaper Archive has more made the England and Mediterranean editions from World War II available. Ensley Llewellyn Library of Congress. "Stars and Stripes: The American Soldiers' Newspaper of World War I, 1918 to 1919". Library of Congress. Retrieved February 7, 2018. Official website Stars and Stripes digital editions Today's Stars and Stripes Mideast Edition front page at the Newseum website Stars and Stripes multimedia gallery Stars and Stripes Museum/Library Association, Inc. Stars and Stripes: The American Soldiers' Newspaper of World War I, 1918 to 1919 The short film The Story


Sarajevo City Hall, known as Vijećnica, is located in the city of Sarajevo. It was designed in 1891 by the Czech architect Karel Pařík, but criticisms by the minister, Baron Benjamin Kallay, caused him to stop working on the project, it was the largest and most representative building of the Austro-Hungarian period in Sarajevo and served as the city hall. The building was reopened on May 9, 2014. Alexander Wittek, who worked on the project in 1892 and 1893, fell ill and died in 1894 in Graz, the work was completed by Ćiril Iveković; the edifice was built in a stylistic blend of historical eclecticism, predominantly in the pseudo-Moorish expression, for which the stylistic sources were found in the Islamic art of Spain and North Africa. Building works began in 1892 and were completed in 1894, at a cost of 984,000 crowns, with 32,000 crowns provided for fixtures and fittings, it was formally opened 20 April 1896, handed over to the City Authority, which occupied the property until 1949, when it was handed over to the National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

On 25 August 1992, Serbian shelling during the Siege of Sarajevo caused the complete destruction of the library. Before the attack, the library held over 155,000 rare books and manuscripts; some citizens and librarians tried to save some books while they were under sniper fire, at least one person died. The majority of the books could not be saved from the flames; the structural repair of the building was planned to be carried out in four stages: 1996-1997, 2000-2004, the city of Barcelona among others. The third stage ended in September 2012, with an estimated cost of KM 4.6 million and will return the city hall to its former grace. The fourth stage began following the completion of the third stage and lasted about 20 months, finishing at the end of 2013 and cost of KM 14 million which are secured through the IPA. In this stage the whole interior was built and reconstructed, meaning the building is brought back to function. Everything, possible to restore has been done so, while those things that were not possible to save have been made anew through special molds.

The whole reconstruction and restore process was predicted to cost about KM 25 million. After it is repaired, the building, now a national monument, will be used for variety of events, its space will be used for various protocol events for all levels of government and exhibitions. After years of restoration, the building was reopened on May 9, 2014, with the performance of Sarajevo Philharmonic Orchestra and Vedran Smailović. Gimnazija Mostar built in Moorish Revival style Destruction of libraries National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina Hartmann, Kristen M.. "Fragmentation and forgetting: Sarajevo's Vijećnica". International Journal of Heritage Studies. 22: 312–324. Doi:10.1080/13527258.2016.1138317. Riedlmayer, András. "Erasing the Past: The Destruction of Libraries and Archives in Bosnia-Herzegovina". Middle East Studies Association Bulletin. 29: 7–11. JSTOR 23061201. Sarić, Šamija. "DESTRUCTION OF ARCHIVAL RECORDS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA". - UDK 930.25:355.4]"1992/1995" - god. 42, str. 223-230

Aibgha (village)

Aibgha is a border village in Abkhazia, located on the state border between Russia and Georgia. In August 2019 the village was incorporated into Russia; the village is located on the both banks of the river Psou, at an altitude of 840 meters from sea level. State border divides the village into two parts. According to the "deputy" of Abkhazia's de facto parliament Valery Kvarchia "in summer the village inhabited by 26 people, but in winter there remains few, only the most courageous and strong". Gagra District სოფელი აიბღა – რუსულ–აფხაზური „განხეთქილების ვაშლი“ // აიბღა. რუსულ-აფხაზური დავის შესახებ