Chicago the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in Illinois, as well as the third most populous city in the United States. With an estimated population of 2,716,450, it is the most populous city in the Midwest. Chicago is the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area referred to as Chicagoland, the county seat of Cook County, the second most populous county in the United States; the metropolitan area, at nearly 10 million people, is the third-largest in the United States, the fourth largest in North America and the third largest metropolitan area in the world by land area. Located on the shores of freshwater Lake Michigan, Chicago was incorporated as a city in 1837 near a portage between the Great Lakes and the Mississippi River watershed and grew in the mid-nineteenth century. After the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, which destroyed several square miles and left more than 100,000 homeless, the city made a concerted effort to rebuild; the construction boom accelerated population growth throughout the following decades, by 1900 Chicago was the fifth largest city in the world.
Chicago made noted contributions to urban planning and zoning standards, including new construction styles, the development of the City Beautiful Movement, the steel-framed skyscraper. Chicago is an international hub for finance, commerce, technology, telecommunications, transportation, it is the site of the creation of the first standardized futures contracts at the Chicago Board of Trade, which today is the largest and most diverse derivatives market gobally, generating 20% of all volume in commodities and financial futures. O'Hare International Airport is the one of the busiest airports in the world, the region has the largest number of U. S. highways and greatest amount of railroad freight. In 2012, Chicago was listed as an alpha global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network, it ranked seventh in the entire world in the 2017 Global Cities Index; the Chicago area has one of the highest gross domestic products in the world, generating $680 billion in 2017. In addition, the city has one of the world's most diversified and balanced economies, not being dependent on any one industry, with no single industry employing more than 14% of the workforce.
Chicago's 58 million domestic and international visitors in 2018, made it the second most visited city in the nation, behind New York City's approximate 65 million visitors. The city ranked first place in the 2018 Time Out City Life Index, a global quality of life survey of 15,000 people in 32 cities. Landmarks in the city include Millennium Park, Navy Pier, the Magnificent Mile, the Art Institute of Chicago, Museum Campus, the Willis Tower, Grant Park, the Museum of Science and Industry, Lincoln Park Zoo. Chicago's culture includes the visual arts, film, comedy and music jazz, soul, hip-hop and electronic dance music including house music. Of the area's many colleges and universities, the University of Chicago, Northwestern University, the University of Illinois at Chicago are classified as "highest research" doctoral universities. Chicago has professional sports teams in each of the major professional leagues, including two Major League Baseball teams; the name "Chicago" is derived from a French rendering of the indigenous Miami-Illinois word shikaakwa for a wild relative of the onion, known to botanists as Allium tricoccum and known more as ramps.
The first known reference to the site of the current city of Chicago as "Checagou" was by Robert de LaSalle around 1679 in a memoir. Henri Joutel, in his journal of 1688, noted that the eponymous wild "garlic" grew abundantly in the area. According to his diary of late September 1687:...when we arrived at the said place called "Chicagou" which, according to what we were able to learn of it, has taken this name because of the quantity of garlic which grows in the forests in this region. The city has had several nicknames throughout its history such as the Windy City, Chi-Town, Second City, the City of the Big Shoulders, which refers to the city's numerous skyscrapers and high-rises. In the mid-18th century, the area was inhabited by a Native American tribe known as the Potawatomi, who had taken the place of the Miami and Sauk and Fox peoples; the first known non-indigenous permanent settler in Chicago was Jean Baptiste Point du Sable. Du Sable arrived in the 1780s, he is known as the "Founder of Chicago".
In 1795, following the Northwest Indian War, an area, to be part of Chicago was turned over to the United States for a military post by native tribes in accordance with the Treaty of Greenville. In 1803, the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, destroyed in 1812 in the Battle of Fort Dearborn and rebuilt; the Ottawa and Potawatomi tribes had ceded additional land to the United States in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis; the Potawatomi were forcibly removed from their land after the Treaty of Chicago in 1833. On August 12, 1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of about 200. Within seven years it grew to more than 4,000 people. On June 15, 1835, the first public land sales began with Edmund Dick Taylor as U. S. Receiver of Public Monies; the City of Chicago was incorporated on Saturday, March 4, 1837, for several decades was the world's fastest-growing city. As the site of the Chicago Portage, the city became an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States.
Chicago's first railway and Chicago Union Railroad, the Illi
Crossing Jordan is an American television crime drama series created by Tim Kring that aired on NBC from September 24, 2001, to May 16, 2007. It stars Jill Hennessy as Dr. Jordan Cavanaugh, a crime-solving forensic pathologist employed in the Massachusetts Office of the Chief Medical Examiner. In addition to Jordan, the show followed an ensemble cast composed of Jordan's co-workers and police detectives assigned to the various cases. After six seasons and 117 episodes, the series was canceled by NBC on May 14, 2007 and concluded on May 16, 2007. Jill Hennessey portrays Dr. Jordan Cavanaugh: A forensic pathologist in the Boston Medical Examiner's Office obsessed with solving violent crimes after her mother's murder. Miguel Ferrer portrays Dr. Garret Macy: The Chief Medical Examiner and Jordan's boss who deals with her erratic behavior as well as his own confused family. Ken Howard portrays Maximillian "Max" Cavanaugh: Jordan's father. Mahershala Ali portrays Dr. Trey Sanders: A medical examiner working on a grant.
Ravi Kapoor portrays Dr. Mahesh "Bug" Vijayaraghavensatanaryanamurthy: A shy forensic entomologist. Kathryn Hahn portrays Lily Lebowski: A perky intake secretary and grief counselor. Steve Valentine portrays Dr. Nigel Townsend: A wise-cracking British criminologist. Lorraine Toussaint portrays Dr. Elaine Duchamps: An antagonistic medical examiner. Ivan Sergei portrays Dr. Peter Winslow: recovering drug addict. Jerry O'Connell portrays Woodrow "Woody" Hoyt: A quirky Boston Police Department homicide detective who works with Jordan. Leslie Bibb portrays Tallulah "Lu" Simmons: A Boston Police Department psychologist and homicide detective romantically involved with Woody. Jennifer Finnigan portrays Dr. Devan Maguire: A pathology resident that butts heads with Jordan. Eugene Byrd portrays Dr. Sidney Trumaine: A medical examiner who clashes with Bug, is eager to prove himself. Brooke Smith portrays Dr. Kate Switzer: A cantankerous medical examiner assigned to the Medical Examiner's Office by Lu. D. W. Moffett portrays Eddie Winslow: A dismissive homicide detective and Max Cavanaugh's final partner.
Amy Aquino portrays Lois Carver: A no-nonsense homicide detective. David Monahan portrays Matt Seely: A insensitive detective. Arija Bareikis portrays Annie Capra: A homicide detective partnered with Woody. Sandra Bernhard portrays Roz Framus: A homicide detective with a tendency to tease Bug. Camille Guaty portrays Luisa Santana: A homicide detective partnered with Woody on two cases. Boris Kodjoe portrays Elliot Chandler: A homicide detective who worked with the Medical Examiner's Office on two occasions. Susan Gibney portrays Renee Walcott: A no-nonsense attorney romantically involved with Garrett. Brian Stokes Mitchell portrays Jay Myers: An attorney. Ethan Sandler portrays Jeffrey Brandau: An assistant district attorney who becomes romantically involved with Lily and becomes the father of her daughter. Jeffrey Donovan portrays William Ivers: An attorney who drastically lowers the budget of the Medical Examiner's Office. Wallace Shawn portrays Dr. Howard Stiles: The Medical Examiner's Office's resident psychiatrist.
Emy Coligado portrays Emmy: An assistant in the Medical Examiner's Office. Alex McKenna portrays Abby Macy: Dr. Garret Macy's estranged daughter. Jack Laufer portrays Herman Redding: A psychiatric patient and murderer who claims to have knowledge about the death of Jordan's mother. Michael T. Weiss portrays James Horton: Jordan's illegitimate half-brother. Lesley Ann Warren portrays Arlene Lebowski: adoptive mother. Brian Kimmet portrays Oliver Titleman: A young student obsessed with creating the perfect crime. Charles Mesure portrays J. D. Pollack: An Australian reporter romantically involved with Jordan. Crossing Jordan was created by Tim Kring and was produced by Tailwind Productions in association with NBC Universal. Singer-songwriter duo Wendy and Lisa scored the music for the show. Eric Rigler's pipes and whistles can be heard in most episodes; the scientific aspects of the show are comparable to CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, but Crossing Jordan is more character-driven and less graphic than the CSI franchise.
In the first season, Hennessy was the only cast member visible during the opening credits, which featured Eric Rigler's arrangement of a traditional Irish tune "The Boys on the Hilltop". Starting with the second season, the credits showed all the major players and used a more rock-like, less Irish-sounding opening theme. Crossing Jordan is set in the same fictional universe as fellow NBC series Las Vegas. In the season-four episode "What Happens in Vegas Dies in Boston", a case takes Jordan and Woody to Las Vegas, where Woody became well-acquainted with the Montecito's casino host, Sam Marquez, they maintained a long-distance relationship for a while: O'Connell appeared in five episodes of Las Vegas and Vanessa Marcil appeared as Sam in two Crossing Jordan episodes. USA Today gave the show a two-star review and said, "What strains belief — and your viewing patience — are the absurd quirks Jordan adds to its plot and its characters to try to set itself apart." The New York Times called it "engaging and entertaining" and "Hennessy gives Jordan an appealing, loose-cannon attitude."
Crossing Jordan premiered in 2001 on NBC. It has aired on Monday, Friday and Wednesday for its final episodes; the show was put on hiatus for most of the 2003–2004 season to accommodate Hennessy's real-life pregnancy. The series ret
Ghost Whisperer is an American supernatural television series, which ran on CBS from September 23, 2005, to May 21, 2010. The series follows the life of Melinda Gordon, who has the ability to see and communicate with ghosts. While trying to live a normal life as possible—she is married and owns an antique store—Melinda helps earthbound spirits resolve their problems and cross over into the light, or the spirit world, her tasks are difficult and at times she struggles with people who push her away and do not believe in her gift. In addition, the ghosts are mysterious and sometimes menacing at first, Melinda must use the clues available to her to understand the spirits' needs and help them; the show was created by John Gray and was produced by Sander/Moses Productions, executive producer, Jennifer Love Hewitt in association with ABC Studios and CBS Television Studios. On May 18, 2010, CBS canceled the show after five seasons. Melinda Gordon is a young woman from the town of Grandview, New York, who has the ability to see and communicate with the dead.
Melinda lives with her husband, Jim Clancy, their son Aiden. She owns a shop called "Same as It Never Was"; each ghost seeks Melinda's help in relaying a message or completing a task that will put their spirit to rest, allow them to cross over into the light. Those who died with unfinished business become earthbound and cannot cross over, Melinda, as their earthly representative, helps them to find peace; the show does not present the ghosts as having sinned. The series starred Aisha Tyler as Andrea Marino, Melinda's best friend, who runs the antique shop with her. Andrea is killed in the first-season finale. During the second season, Melinda meets Delia Banks, a struggling real estate agent who forms a friendship with Melinda and who agrees to run the antique shop with her. Delia is shocked to find out about Melinda's abilities. Delia accepts Melinda's gift, though she remains skeptical at times. Delia has a son named Ned Banks. Melinda forms a friendship with Rick Payne, a professor at Rockland University.
He helps Melinda solve the conflicts of ghosts throughout the third seasons. He departs in the fourth-season premiere for an expedition in the Himalayas; the same episode introduced Eli James, another professor at the university, who goes through a near-death experience which unlocks an ability to hear ghosts. Unlike Melinda, he cannot see them, he helps her investigate the hauntings. Jennifer Love Hewitt as Melinda Gordon Aisha Tyler as Andrea Marino David Conrad as Jim Clancy / Sam Lucas Camryn Manheim as Delia Banks Jay Mohr as Professor Rick Payne Christoph Sanders as Ned Banks Jamie Kennedy as Professor Eli James Ghost Whisperer is based in part on the work of Mary Ann Winkowski. Development of the show dates back to at least two years before its premiere. James Van Praagh was a co-executive consultant on the show; the show was produced by Sander/Moses Productions in association with CBS Television Studios (originally Paramount Network Television in season one and ABC Studios and CBS Paramount Network Television in seasons two and three.
The show was filmed on the Universal Studios back lot in Los Angeles. One area on the lot is Courthouse Square from the Back to the Future trilogy, though it has been drastically modified to depict Grandview. For example, the clock tower in Back to the Future has been covered up; the front of Melinda and Jim's house is the same set used by the Finch family in the film adaptation of To Kill a Mockingbird. Cast and crew members said. After the show's cancellation and shortly before the sets were torn down, Jennifer Love Hewitt filmed a tour demonstrating the ways in which the areas were different from those shown in the TV broadcast. Sound effects were completed at Smart Post Sound. Visual effects for the pilot and some season one episodes were completed at Flash Film Works. Visual effects for nearly the entire series were created at Eden FX. Roy Forge Smith, who collaborated with John Gary, was the production designer on 44 episodes of the show, spanning two season, from 2005 to 2007. Creator John Gray grew up in Brooklyn, New York, not far from Grand View-On-Hudson, west of the Hudson River.
Piermont is referenced in episodes as the neighboring town, accurate to real life as Grand View is located just north of Piermont. Professors Rick Payne and Eli James worked at the fictional "Rockland University", not coincidentally, the actual village of Grand View is a village located in Rockland County, New York. Season one premiered on September 23, 2005, ended on May 5, 2006, it received an average of 10.20 million viewers. Season two of Ghost Whisperer premiered on September 22, 2006, ended on May 11, 2007, again airing Friday nights on CBS during the same timeslot. CBS renewed the show for a third season placing it in its regular Friday 8 p.m. ET time slot; the third season premiered September 28, 2007. Twelve episodes were completed before the Writers Guild of Ameri
Profiler (TV series)
Profiler is an American crime drama that aired on NBC as part of its Thrillogy block and CNBC Europe from 1996 to 2000. The series follows the exploits of a criminal profiler working with the fictional FBI Violent Crimes Task Force based in Atlanta, Georgia. Ally Walker starred as profiler Dr. Samantha Waters during the first three seasons, was replaced by Jamie Luner as prosecutor-turned-profiler Dr. Rachel Burke during the show's final season. Robert Davi, Roma Maffia, Peter Frechette, Erica Gimpel and Julian McMahon co-starred throughout the show's run. Caitlin Wachs played Dr. Waters' daughter for the first two seasons, a role taken over by Evan Rachel Wood in 1998. Profiler shares a similar lead character and premise with the Fox Network series Millennium, created by Chris Carter. Both shows premiered at the beginning of the 1996–97 television season. Dr. Samantha "Sam" Waters is a forensic psychologist working for the FBI's Violent Crimes Task Force based in Atlanta, Georgia, she is a "profiler".
While she performs all of her duties diligently, her real motive lies in a both professional and personal tragedy years earlier in which her husband was murdered by a serial killer known only as Jack of All Trades. Sam is part of an elite team of pros led by her mentor, Bailey Malone, that includes Detective John Grant, computer hacker George Fraley, forensic pathologist Grace Alvarez. Together, they solve the toughest of cases, she lives in a former firefighter station, guarded 24/7, with her seven-year-old daughter Chloe Waters, her best friend Angel Brown, an artist. Other characters included Michael Whaley playing Nathan Brubaker. Shiek Mahmoud-Bey played Marcus Payton in season two, an FBI agent skeptical of Sam's methods. A Martinez, who had worked with Ally Walker on the NBC daytime serial Santa Barbara, appeared in the first and second seasons playing Nick Cooper, an ATF bomb disposal expert, Sam Waters love interest, murdered by Jack. Heather McComb appeared in the first and second seasons as Frances Malone, the wayward and rebellious teenage daughter of Bailey Malone.
Traci Lords appeared throughout the second season playing a violent ex-convict named Sharon Lesher, who became the serial killer Jill of All Trades after she was recruited by Jack. In season three, the VCTF closed in on Jack, whose name was revealed to be Donald Lucas. With Jack in custody and her daughter Chloe moved out of the fortress-like firehouse where they had lived for the past two years and into a fancy house in the Atlanta suburbs. Sam had a brief romance with Paul Sterling, a district attorney prosecuting Donald Lucas, while Sam dealt with her estranged father Walter Anderson who had some kind of connection to the imprisoned Donald Lucas, but as it turned out, the arrest of Donald Lucas was a ploy by the real Jack of All Trades who had in fact escaped yet again and was revealed to be in hiding in a small California town playing a sheriff, named Ed Boast. In season four, after stopping Jack, Sam retired from the VCTF, being replaced by a new forensic psychologist, Rachel Burke. Rachel was a former FBI instructor at Quantico who had Sam Waters' skill of profiling.
But unlike Sam, Rachel had a brusque take-charge manner that alienated some of the team members. Rachel had her own life problems of being single and dealing with her self-destructive younger brother, who died from a drug overdose near the end of the season. Late in the season, the show established a new overarching villain, a shadowy urban legend named Damian Kennasas. Gregory Itzin had a recurring role as Joel Marks, an unstable FBI agent who stalked Rachel; as the series came to an end, it appeared that the elite VCTF team might be shut down by the U. S. Congress for the high funds it took to operate. Ally Walker as Dr. Samantha "Sam" Waters Jamie Luner as Agent Rachel Burke Robert Davi as Agent Bailey Malone Julian McMahon as Det. John Grant Roma Maffia as Dr. Grace Alvarez Peter Frechette as George Fraley Erica Gimpel as Angel Brown Caitlin Wachs as Chloe Waters Michael Whaley as Det. Nathan Brubaker Heather McComb as Frances Malone Shiek Mahmud-Bey as Det. Marcus Payton Traci Lords as Sharon Lesher A Martinez as Nick Cooper Evan Rachel Wood as Chloe Waters Mark Rolston as Donald Lucas John Mese as Paul Sterling Lawrence Pressman as Walter Anderson Gregory Itzin as Joel Marks Notes Dennis Christopher as Jack of All Trades/Albert Newquay Profiler shared the same universe with The Pretender, with three crossover episodes, one with Michael T. Weiss guest starring on Profiler, Ally Walker making a guest appearance on The Pretender in season 3, episode 19, Jamie Luner making a guest appearance on The Pretender in season 4, episode 10.
Profiler was first syndicated to Court TV in 2000. Profiler aired weeknights at 1AM and 4AM Easte
Widescreen images are images that are displayed within a set of aspect ratios used in film and computer screens. In film, a widescreen film is any film image with a width-to-height aspect ratio greater than the standard 1.37:1 Academy aspect ratio provided by 35mm film. For television, the original screen ratio for broadcasts was in fullscreen 4:3. Between the 1990s and early 2000s, at varying paces in different nations, 16:9 widescreen TV displays came into common use, they are used in conjunction with high-definition television receivers, or Standard-Definition DVD players and other digital television sources. With computer displays, aspect ratios wider than 4:3 are referred to as widescreen. Widescreen computer displays were of 16:10 aspect ratio, but now are 16:9. Widescreen was first used in the film of the Corbett-Fitzsimmons Fight in 1897; this was not only the longest film, released to date at 100 minutes, but the first widescreen film being shot on 63mm Eastman stock with five perforations per frame.
Widescreen was first used in the late 1920s in some short films and newsreels, including Abel Gance's film Napoleon with a final widescreen sequence in what Gance called Polyvision. Claude Autant-Lara released a film Pour construire un feu in the early Henri Chretien widescreen process adapted by Twentieth Century-Fox for CinemaScope in 1952. In 1927, The American aka The Flag Maker was released; the film, directed by J. Stuart Blackton and starring Bessie Love and Charles Ray, was made in the experimental widescreen process Natural Vision, developed by George K. Spoor and P. John Berggren, but was never released theatrically. In 1926, Spoor and Berggren had released a Natural Vision film of Niagara Falls; the Natural Vision widescreen process had a 2:1 aspect ratio. On May 26, 1929, Fox Film Corporation released Fox Grandeur News and Fox Movietone Follies of 1929 in New York City in the Fox Grandeur process. Other films shot in widescreen were the musical Happy Days which premiered at the Roxy Theater, New York City, on February 13, 1930, starring Janet Gaynor and Charles Farrell and a 12-year-old Betty Grable as a chorus girl.
RKO Radio Pictures released Danger Lights with Jean Arthur, Louis Wolheim, Robert Armstrong on August 21, 1930 in a 65mm widescreen process known as NaturalVision, invented by film pioneer George K. Spoor. On November 13, 1930, United Artists released The Bat Whispers directed by Roland West in a 70mm widescreen process known as Magnafilm. Warner Brothers released Song of the Kismet in a widescreen process they called Vitascope. In 1930, after experimenting with the system called Fanthom Screen for The Trail of'98, MGM came out with a system called Realife. MGM filmed The Great Meadow in Realife—however, it's unclear if it was released in that widescreen process due to declining interest of the movie-going public. By 1932, the Great Depression had forced studios to cut back on needless expense and it was not until 1953 that wider aspect ratios were again used in an attempt to stop the fall in attendance due to the emergence of television in the U. S. However, a few producers and directors, among them Alfred Hitchcock, have been reluctant to use the anamorphic widescreen size featured in such formats as Cinemascope.
Hitchcock alternatively used VistaVision, a non-anamorphic widescreen process developed by Paramount Pictures and Technicolor which could be adjusted to present various flat aspect ratios. Masked widescreen was introduced in April 1953; the negative is shot exposing the Academy ratio using spherical lenses, but the top and bottom of the picture are hidden or masked off by a metal aperture plate, cut to specifications of the theater's screen, in the projector. Alternatively, a hard matte in the printing or shooting stages may be used to mask off those areas while filming for composition purposes, but an aperture plate is still used to block off the appropriate areas in the theater. A detriment is that the film grain size is thus increased because only part of the image is being expanded to full height. Films are designed to be shown in cinemas in masked widescreen format but the full unmasked frame is sometimes used for television. In such an instance, a photographer will compose for widescreen, but "protect" the full image from things such as microphones and other filming equipment.
Standardized "flat wide screen" ratios are 1.66:1, 1.75:1, 1.85:1, 2:1. 1.85:1 has become the predominant aspect ratio for the format. 35mm anamorphic – This type of widescreen is used for CinemaScope and several other equivalent processes. The film is shot "squeezed", so that the actors appear vertically elongated on the actual film. A special lens inside the projector unsqueezes the image. Films shot in CinemaScope or Panavision are projected at a 2.40:1 aspect ratio, though the historical aspect ratio can be 2.55:1 or 2.35:1. The negative is 2.66:1 or, in
The Good Wife
The Good Wife is an American legal and political drama television series that aired on CBS from September 22, 2009, to May 8, 2016. It focuses on Alicia Florrick, the wife of the Cook County State's Attorney who returns to her career in law after the events of a public sex and political corruption scandal involving her husband; the series was created by Robert and Michelle King and stars Julianna Margulies, Josh Charles, Christine Baranski, Matt Czuchry, Archie Panjabi, Alan Cumming, features Chris Noth in a recurring role. The executive producers are Ridley Scott, Charles McDougall, David W. Zucker; the Good Wife is a serialized show featuring several story arcs that play out over multiple episodes, as well as stand-alone storylines that are concluded by the end of each episode. The serial plots—a rarity on CBS, a network where most of the programming at that time was procedural—were showcased in its praised fifth season; the Good Wife won numerous prestigious awards, including five Emmys and the 2014 Television Critics Association Award for Outstanding Achievement in Drama.
The performances of the show's cast have been recognized, with Julianna Margulies' role as Alicia Florrick receiving significant praise. The show has received wide acclaim for its insight on social media and the internet in society and law, it is considered by several critics to be network television's "last great drama", producing full 22-episode seasons while other acclaimed dramas produce only 6 to 13 episodes per season. CBS announced on February 2016, that the show was ending with its seventh season; the final episode aired on May 8, 2016. The series focuses on Alicia Florrick, whose husband Peter, the former Cook County, Illinois State's Attorney, has been jailed following a notorious political corruption and sex scandal. After having spent the previous 13 years as a stay-at-home mother, Alicia returns to the workforce as a litigator to provide for her two children. Writers Michelle and Robert King wanted to create a series that focused on the wife of a high-profile politician following a public sex scandal.
They got the idea after they observed prominent American scandals of this nature, such as those involving President Bill Clinton and North Carolina Senator John Edwards. The image of a wife standing silently beside her husband as he publicly admits to his sexual or political misconduct had become cliché, according to Robert King; this image led the Kings to question why these women stood by their husbands, as well as to wonder about the events that followed on that initial announcement. They were further intrigued by the fact that many of the wives were lawyers who had halted their personal careers for the sake of their husbands' professional ambitions; the actual idea for the series was first postulated in the weeks following the Eliot Spitzer prostitution scandal of 2008. As Michelle King, explains: You know, what's interesting about a lot of these political scandals is that the women are lawyers, too. Hillary is a lawyer. Elizabeth Edwards is a lawyer. I think; that is, we knew she had to go back to work, we had so many female lawyers to draw on.
The series was created by Michelle and Robert King, who serve as executive producers and show runners. The pair had produced the short-lived legal drama In Justice that aired as a mid-season replacement in early 2006; the creators had worked extensively in feature films. Scott Free productions helped to finance The Good Wife and Ridley Scott, Tony Scott and David W. Zucker are credited as executive producers. Executive producer Dee Johnson added television writing experience to the team. Charles McDougall was the pilot's other executive producer. McDougall had enjoyed success as the director of the pilot for Desperate Housewives. All seven executive producers returned when a full series was ordered and they were joined by executive producer Brooke Kennedy. McDougall left the crew after executive producing the second episode; the series is produced by Bernadette Caulfield who had worked on the HBO polygamy drama Big Love. Several new producers were added to the crew. Angela Amato Velez joined the crew as a consulting producer and writer bringing legal experience from her careers as a police officer and legal aid attorney and writing experience from the police dramas Third Watch and Southland.
Todd Ellis Kessler, who had completed production on The Unit, had worked on legal drama The Practice, joined the staff as a co-executive producer and writer. Ted Humphrey served as a supervising producer and writer and as co-executive producer and writer. Corinne Brinkerhoff completed the production team as a co-producer. Brinkerhoff had worked as a writer and story editor on Boston Legal. David W. Zucker is an executive producer on the show, having been nominated for four Primetime Emmys and one PGA Award, his credits included Judging Amy, The Pillars of the Earth, Law Dogs. Authenticity of plot and characters was achieved through the use of script consultants, including Karen Kessler, a founding member and president of Evergreen Partners Inc. a public relations and events planning firm. Alicia Florrick: The wife of Peter, a disgraced State's Attorney, she returns to work as a junior litigator at the law firm Stern, Lockhart & Gardner, through her old law school friend Will Gardner, for whom she has feelings.
Having spent so many years as "the good wife", Alicia finds herself at the bottom of the career
CBS is an American English language commercial broadcast television and radio network, a flagship property of CBS Corporation. The company is headquartered at the CBS Building in New York City with major production facilities and operations in New York City and Los Angeles. CBS is sometimes referred to as the Eye Network, in reference to the company's iconic symbol, in use since 1951, it has been called the "Tiffany Network", alluding to the perceived high quality of CBS programming during the tenure of William S. Paley, it can refer to some of CBS's first demonstrations of color television, which were held in a former Tiffany & Co. building in New York City in 1950. The network has its origins in United Independent Broadcasters Inc. a collection of 16 radio stations, purchased by Paley in 1928 and renamed the Columbia Broadcasting System. Under Paley's guidance, CBS would first become one of the largest radio networks in the United States, one of the Big Three American broadcast television networks.
In 1974, CBS dropped its former full name and became known as CBS, Inc. The Westinghouse Electric Corporation acquired the network in 1995, renamed its corporate entity to the current CBS Broadcasting, Inc. in 1997, adopted the name of the company it had acquired to become CBS Corporation. In 2000, CBS came under the control of Viacom, formed as a spin-off of CBS in 1971. In late 2005, Viacom split itself into two separate companies and re-established CBS Corporation – through the spin-off of its broadcast television and select cable television and non-broadcasting assets – with the CBS television network at its core. CBS Corporation is controlled by Sumner Redstone through National Amusements, which controls the current Viacom. CBS operated the CBS Radio network until 2017, when it merged its radio division with Entercom. Prior to CBS Radio provided news and features content for its portfolio owned-and-operated radio stations in large and mid-sized markets, affiliated radio stations in various other markets.
While CBS Corporation owns a 72% stake in Entercom, it no longer owns or operates any radio stations directly, though CBS still provides radio news broadcasts to its radio affiliates and the new owners of its former radio stations. The television network has more than 240 owned-and-operated and affiliated television stations throughout the United States; the company ranked 197th on the 2018 Fortune 500 of the largest United States corporations by revenue. The origins of CBS date back to January 27, 1927, with the creation of the "United Independent Broadcasters" network in Chicago by New York City talent-agent Arthur Judson; the fledgling network soon needed additional investors though, the Columbia Phonograph Company, manufacturers of Columbia Records, rescued it in April 1927. Columbia Phonographic went on the air on September 18, 1927, with a presentation by the Howard L. Barlow Orchestra from flagship station WOR in Newark, New Jersey, fifteen affiliates. Operational costs were steep the payments to AT&T for use of its land lines, by the end of 1927, Columbia Phonograph wanted out.
In early 1928 Judson sold the network to brothers Isaac and Leon Levy, owners of the network's Philadelphia affiliate WCAU, their partner Jerome Louchheim. None of the three were interested in assuming day-to-day management of the network, so they installed wealthy 26-year-old William S. Paley, son of a Philadelphia cigar family and in-law of the Levys, as president. With the record company out of the picture, Paley streamlined the corporate name to "Columbia Broadcasting System", he believed in the power of radio advertising since his family's "La Palina" cigars had doubled their sales after young William convinced his elders to advertise on radio. By September 1928, Paley bought out the Louchhheim share of CBS and became its majority owner with 51% of the business. During Louchheim's brief regime, Columbia paid $410,000 to A. H. Grebe's Atlantic Broadcasting Company for a small Brooklyn station, WABC, which would become the network's flagship station. WABC was upgraded, the signal relocated to 860 kHz.
The physical plant was relocated – to Steinway Hall on West 57th Street in Manhattan, where much of CBS's programming would originate. By the turn of 1929, the network could boast to sponsors of having 47 affiliates. Paley moved right away to put his network on a firmer financial footing. In the fall of 1928, he entered into talks with Adolph Zukor of Paramount Pictures, who planned to move into radio in response to RCA's forays into motion pictures with the advent of talkies; the deal came to fruition in September 1929: Paramount acquired 49% of CBS in return for a block of its stock worth $3.8 million at the time. The agreement specified that Paramount would buy that same stock back by March 1, 1932 for a flat $5 million, provided CBS had earned $2 million during 1931 and 1932. For a brief time there was talk that the network might be renamed "Paramount Radio", but it only lasted a month – the 1929 stock market crash sent all stock value tumbling, it galvanized Paley and his troops, who "had no alternative but to turn the network around and earn the $2,000,000 in two years....
This is the atmosphere in which the CBS of today was born." The near-bankrupt movie studio sold its CBS shares back to CBS in 1932. In the first year of Paley's wa