click links in text for more info

State University of New York College at Cortland

The State University of New York College at Cortland is a public college in Cortland, New York. It is part of the State University of New York system; the State University of New York College at Cortland was founded in 1868 as the Cortland Normal School, which included among its earliest students inventor and industrialist Elmer A. Sperry of Sperry Rand Corp; the campus continually grew, in 1941, by an act of legislature and the Board of Regents, the institution became a four-year college providing courses leading to the bachelor's degree and soon was acknowledged as Cortland State Teachers College. In 1948, Cortland was a founding member of the State University of New York. Cortland is off of Interstate 81, between Binghamton; the college's main campus includes 30 traditional and modern buildings. Fourteen of these structures are residence halls that provide housing for 3,000 students. SUNY Cortland operates its Outdoor Education Center at Raquette Lake in the Adirondacks, the Hoxie Gorge Nature Preserve outside Cortland, the Brauer Education Center on the Helderberg Escarpment near Albany.

The U. S. Department of the Interior in 2004 designated Camp Pine Knot, now known as the Huntington Memorial Camp and part of its Outdoor Education center at Raquette Lake, N. Y. as the first and only National Historic Landmark within the State University of New York. Camp Pine Knot was the first Great Camp of the Adirondacks and the birthplace of what is now known as the Adirondack style of architecture. SUNY Cortland has 55,000 alumni who live in more than 40 countries. Cortland is a comprehensive college within the State University of New York system. Today 7,200 students are pursuing degrees within the College's three academic divisions — arts and sciences and professional studies. Twenty-eight academic departments with a faculty of more than 600 offer the SUNY Cortland student body 50 majors and 38 minors from which to choose, plus 33 graduate majors and four certificates of advanced study. SUNY Cortland has over 100 student clubs. In 2015, the school opened a $56 million Student Life Center.

The SLC covers more than 150,000 square feet and includes a three-court gymnasium, a swimming pool, indoor running track, rock climbing wall, dining bistro, table tennis room, game room, combatives room, various exercise spaces, a golf simulator, state-of-the-art cardio and weight training equipment. The Cortland Red Dragons are the athletic teams for SUNY Cortland; the college competes in NCAA Division III in the State University of New York Athletic Conference for most sports. Football played in the New Jersey Athletic Conference from 2000–14 and became an affiliate member of the Empire 8 in 2015. Wrestling competes in the Empire Collegiate Wrestling Conference, the women's ice hockey team competes in the ECAC West, women's gymnastics is a National Collegiate Gymnastics Association East member, women's golf is an independent, as those sports are not offered by the SUNYAC. SUNY Cortland has had the most regional successful men's and women's intercollegiate athletics program in New York over the past two decades.

In 1995, the Sears Directors' Cup was established to gauge and recognize the most successful intercollegiate athletics programs in the nation. SUNY Cortland is one of only five colleges and universities in the U. S. to have finished every year among the Top 25 NCAA Division III programs. Cortland placed 12th out of 440 schools during the 2015–16 competition, now known as the Learfield Sports Directors' Cup; the competition is sponsored by USA Today, the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics, Learfield Sports. The standings are based on schools' national finishes in different sports; the Cortland Red Dragons annually play Ithaca College Bombers for the Cortaca Jug, added in 1959 to an competitive rivalry. The match-up is one of the most prominent in Division III college football, it was called the "biggest little game in the nation" by Sports Illustrated in 1991. The Red Dragons had a seven-game winning streak as of November 2016, but lost 48-20 in 2017, they play the Cortaca Mic game every Friday before the Cortaca Jug game.

Which is played between the Cortland school radio stations. Cortland has never lost this game. Cortland snapped Salisbury University's 69-game win streak to capture the 2006 NCAA Men's Lacrosse Div. III National Championship; the team reached the 2007 and 2008 national championship in rematch games against Salisbury University. The lacrosse team cemented its spot as a premier team with its second Division III national championship in 2009, defeating Gettysburg in the finals. In 2006 as part of its Silver Anniversary of sponsoring women's sports, the NCAA named the SUNY Cortland women's cross country program as its top cross country program of the past 25 years; the Cortland women captured seven NCAA Division III national championships in a nine-year span between 1989 and 1997. In addition, the Cortland men's cross country team won the 2008 NCAA Div. III championship. In all, Cortland teams have won 25 national titles, including 18 NCAA crowns. Along with the titles mentioned above, the field hockey team won NCAA Div.

III titles in 1993, 1994 and 2001, the women's outdoor field team won an NCAA Div. III title in 1985 and the women's indoor track and field team was the 1991 NCAA Div. III champion; the men's lacrosse squad won the NCAA Div. II title in 1975 and the USILA College Division championship in 1973; the women's soccer won the 1992 NCAA Div. III tournament and captured the first-ever U. S. National Women's Soccer Championship

Princess Allura

Princess Allura is a fictional character in the media franchise Voltron and member of the Voltron Force who made her first appearance in Voltron. Princess Allura is ruler of Planet Arus and last surviving member of royal family after the death of her father King Alfor, she became the pilot. She has intelligent mice that can understand human speech, she is stalked by Prince Lotor for her affection. Lance- red paladin Keith-black lion Allura- blue lion, castle Pidge- green lion Shiro- black lion Hunk- yellow lion Coran- castle In Voltron Legendary Defender Princess Allura is the Princess of Altea, the daughter of King Alfor and last surviving female member of the Altean race, she was asleep in the Castle of Lions with her servant Coran for 10,000 years and commands and pilots the Blue Lion of Voltron. In the Voltron: Legendary Defender, Princess Allura is not a member of the Voltron force, but after the "disappearance" of Shiro, with Keith becoming the Black Paladin and Lance taking Keith's place as Red Paladin, Allura, to complete the Voltron team, is chosen as the Blue Paladin.

In the classic version of Voltron, Allura was depicted as either Altean or Arusian depending on the region the anime was aired. She was depicted as having fair skin and blonde hair. In Legendary Defender, she was depicted as Altean, was re-imagined as being dark skinned with white hair and, unlike the rest of the main cast, spoke with a British accent. In the 2011, Devil's Due comics; the comic book version of Allura places her at age 19, depicts her with a much stronger backbone than her cartoon counterpart. When her home planet Arus was ravaged by the forces of Zarkon and her parents murdered by Zarkon's own hand, she was taken in and raised by Coran, a retired combat instructor in the royal army, was forced to grow up much too fast. Years she would renounce her title of "princess," answering only to "Allura," until her people are liberated from Zarkon's tyranny. Visions while she slept showed the spirit of her father King Alfor promising that five young men would come to Arus in search of the legendary robot Voltron.

When Keith, Hunk and Sven arrive on Arus and speak of the mighty robot, Allura knows that they are the ones spoken of in her visions, helps them to find the five hidden lions that will unite to form Voltron. When Voltron fails to combine properly due to a brain defect within Sven, Allura mans his Blue Lion, with her royal Arusian blood, the unification of Voltron is a success, she becomes a member of the Voltron Force. During the course of the comic, she begins to develop feelings towards Keith and vice versa; the Legendary Defender incarnation of the character was praised to for being diverse


The Plioplatecarpinae are a subfamily of mosasaurs, a diverse group of Late Cretaceous marine squamates. Members of the subfamily are informally and collectively known as "plioplatecarpines" and have been recovered from all continents, though the occurrences in Australia remain questionable; the subfamily includes the genera Latoplatecarpus, Platecarpus and Plesioplatecarpus. Plioplatecarpines were small to medium-sized mosasaurs that were comparatively fast and agile compared to mosasaurs of other subfamilies; the first plioplatecarpines appear in the Turonian and are among the oldest of mosasaurs, the clade persists throughout the Maastrichtian, a period of 24 million years. The subfamily was heavily affected during a poorly understood middle-Campanian mosasaur extinction event and its genera appear to have faced competition from mosasaurine mosasaurs during the Maastrichtian, leading to a decline in numbers and in diversity; the etymology of this group derives from the genus Plioplatecarpus.

In general, plioplatecarpines were short-skulled, short-bodied forms and were among the strongest swimming mosasaurs. Some workers have likened them to pinnipeds in their agility. Most forms were piscivores, though cephalopods evidently formed an important part of the plioplatecarpine diet. Larger forms may have fed upon smaller marine reptiles. At least one genus evolved sturdy crushing teeth adapted to feeding on shellfish; the plioplatecarpines were medium-sized mosasaurs ranging from around 2.5 to 7.5 meters in length. Russell defined the Plioplatecarpinae as follows: Small rostrum present or absent anterior to premaxillary teeth. Cranial nerves X, XI, XII leave lateral wall of opisthotic through single foramen. Canal or deep basispehnoid for basilar artery. Suprastapedial process of quadrate large, bluntly with parallel sides. Dorsal edge of surangular rounded and longitudinally horizontal... Twenty-nine or less presacral vertebrae present. Length of presacral series less than that of postsacral, neural spines of posterior caudal vertebrae at most only elongated, do not form an appreciable fin.

Haemal arches unfused to caudal centra. Appendicular elements lack smoothly finished articular surfaces." Russell included two tribes, the Plioplatecarpini and Prognathodontini, the latter of, reassigned by Bell to the Mosasaurinae. Polcyn and Bell have erected a more inclusive clade, the parafamily Russellosaurina, which includes the "subfamilies Tylosaurinae and Plioplatecarpini and their sister-clade containing the genera Tethysaurus and Yaguarasaurus." The cladogram below follows Simões et al. Plioplatecarpinae Angolasaurus A. bocagei Ectenosaurus E. clidastoides Selmasaurus S. russelli S. johnsoni Plioplatecarpini Latoplatecarpus L. nichollsae L. willistoni Platecarpus P. tympaniticus Plesioplatecarpus P. planifrons Plioplatecarpus P. primaevus P. houzeaui P. marshii

Temple at Uppsala

The Temple at Uppsala was a religious center in the ancient Norse religion once located at what is now Gamla Uppsala, Sweden attested in Adam of Bremen's 11th-century work Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiae pontificum and in Heimskringla, written by Snorri Sturluson in the 13th century. Theories have been proposed about the implications of the descriptions of the temple and the findings of the archaeological excavations in the area, along with recent findings of extensive wooden structures and log lines that may have played a supporting role to activities at the site, including ritual sacrifice. In Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiae pontificum, Adam of Bremen provides a description of the temple. Adam records that a "very famous temple called Ubsola". Adam details that the temple is "adorned with gold" and that the people there worship statues of three specific gods that sit on a triple throne. Thor, whom Adam refers to as "the mightiest," sits in the central throne, while Wodan and Fricco are seated on the thrones to the sides of him.

Adam provides information about the characteristics of the three gods, including that Fricco is depicted with an immense erect penis, Wodan in armor and that Thor has a mace, a detail which Adam compares to that of the Roman god Jupiter. Adam adds that, in addition, "they worship gods who were once men, whom they reckon to be immortal because of their heroic acts."Adam says that the three gods have a priest appointed to them each who offer up sacrifices to the deities from the people. If famine or plague occurs, a sacrifice is made to Thor. Adam continues that "every nine years there is a communal festival of every province in Sweden held in Ubsola; the corpses of the nine males are hung within the grove beside the temple. Adam says that the grove is considered sacred to the heathens, so much so that each singular tree "is considered to be divine," due to the death of those sacrificed or their rotting corpses hanging there, that dogs and horses hang within the grove among the corpses of men.

Adam reveals that "one Christian" informed him that he had seen seventy-two cadavers of differing species hanging within the grove. Adam expresses disgust at the songs they sing during these sacrificial rites, quipping that the songs are "so many and disgusting that it is best to pass over them in silence."Adam describes that near the temple stands a massive tree with far-spreading branches, evergreen both in summer and winter. At the tree is a spring where sacrifices are held. According to Adam, a custom exists where a man, alive, is thrown into the spring, if he fails to return to the surface, "the wish of the people will be fulfilled."Adam writes that a golden chain surrounds the temple that hangs from the gables of the building. The chain is visible to those approaching the temple from a distance due to the landscape where the temple was built; the feasts and sacrifices continue for a total of nine days, during the course of each day a man is sacrificed along with two animals. Therefore, in a total of nine days twenty-seven sacrifices occur, Adam notes, these sacrifices occur "about the time of the spring equinox."

Rudolf Simek says that, regarding Adam of Bremen's account of the temple, "Adam's sources for this information are of varying reliability, but the existence of a temple at Uppsala is undisputed." The question is if this temple was Christian. Simek says that details of Adam's accounts have been cited as influenced by the description of Solomon's Temple in the Old Testament. Simek notes, at the same time, similar chains as described by Adam appear on some European churches dating from the 8th to 9th centuries, although the description of the temple chain having been made of gold may be an exaggeration. Simek says that the numerous attempts at reconstructing the temple based on the postholes may overestimate the size of the temple, that notes that "more recent" research indicates that the site of the 11th-century temple adjoined the choir of the church standing there today, while the postholes discovered by Lindqvist may instead point to an earlier, burnt-down temple at the same site. Building on previous critical discussions about Adam of Bremen's description of the temple by the archaeologists Harald Wideen and Olaf Olsen, Henrik Janson in his fundamental study on the European background of Adam's work, came to the conclusion that Adam used the case of Uppsala to display some of the more prominent lines of conflict at the outbreak of the investiture controversy.

These lines of conflict reached deep into Scandinavia. Papacy and Empire were competing about the control of the Northern parts of Europe, the Empire, through the Archbishopric of Hamburg-Bremen, claimed subjugation of the Scandinvian kingdoms under the Imperial church; these rights were however challenged by some political actors in the North, a strong resistance came from the kingdom of the Swedes where another Church, called Gallicana ecclesia by Pope Gregory VII, had the support of the Papacy. This Church can be connected to the indeed Uppsala, it is not clear where the representatives of this "Gallican Church" came from, but one part of these influences can be recogniz

GFRP Lleida Pedestrian Bridge

The FRP Pedestrian Bridge in Lleida, Spain is the longest arch bridge made out of standard GFRP pultruded profiles. The bridge spanning the Madrid-Barcelona high-speed rail link won the international “Footbridge Award 2005” in the category “Technology” for medium span bridges; the structure is a tied-arch 38 m long and 6.2 m rise. The deck is 3 m wide; the bridge is made out of GFRP pultruded profiles. The arch configuration was chosen so as to minimize serviceability problems due to the low modulus of elasticity of GFRP profiles; the choice of GFRP was influenced by the fact that the material is an electrical insulator and eliminates magnetic interference with the electrified railway. The glass fibre reinforced plastic beams and panels used in the footbridge were manufactured in Denmark and assembled in Spain; the total cost of the structure was $0.32million. It was installed in October 2001; the bridge erected by crane in just three hours. "International award for innovative GRP footbridge". Fiberline."GFRP Pedestrian Bridge".

Pedelta. Archived from the original on 2015-07-08."Lleida Bridge". Archived from the original on 2012-04-17. Retrieved 2012-04-22

St Hilda's Church, South Shields

St Hilda's Church, South Shields is a Grade II listed parish church in the Church of England in South Shields. The church, the parish church of South Shields is said to be on the site of a chapel founded by St Aidan circa AD 647 and placed in charge of St Hilda; some restoration work was carried out in 1675 by Robert Trollope. In 1753 a north aisle was added to the church, it was mostly rebuilt between 1810 and 1881 and the interior galleries are supported on cast iron columns. The rebuilding of the church incorporated the font of 1675 by Robert Trollop, a Gilt chandelier dating from 1802; the church is most famous for the model of a lifeboat by William Wouldhave dating from 1802, suspended from the ceiling. In 1788 Donaldson of York built an organ for the west gallery, rebuilt by J W Walker in 1850; the current organ is a fine instrument by Thomas Christopher Lewis, built in 1866. It was his first major build outside of London and includes a fine case designed by J F Bentley which measures 26ft high, 13ft wide and 18ft in breadth.

It was enlarged by five stops in 1904 by Nicholson & Lord. A full restoration was carried out in 2003/2004 by Harrison. A specification of the organ can be found on the National Pipe Organ Register