Florida State Road A1A
State Road A1A is a north-south Florida State Road that runs along the Atlantic Ocean, from Key West at the southern tip of Florida, to Fernandina Beach, just south of Georgia on Amelia Island. It is the main road through most oceanfront towns. Part of SR A1A is designated Historic Coastal Byway, a National Scenic Byway. A portion of A1A that passes through Volusia County is designated the Ormond Scenic Loop and Trail, a Florida Scenic Highway, it is called the Indian River Lagoon Scenic Highway from State Road 510 at Wabasso Beach to U. S. Route 1 in Cocoa. A1A is famous worldwide as a center of beach culture in the United States, a scenic coastal route through most Atlantic coastal cities and beach towns, including the unique tropical coral islands of the Florida Keys. A1A serves as a major thoroughfare through Miami Beach and other south Florida coastal cities. Other than SR A1A Alternate, only two other Florida state roads have begun with a letter: SR A19A, SR G1A; the road was designated as State Road 1 in the 1945 renumbering replacing the former State Road 140 designation.
The number reflected its location in the new grid as the easternmost major north–south road. About a year and a half in November 1946, the State Road Board resolved to renumber the route due to confusion with the parallel U. S. Highway 1; the new designation, A1A, was chosen to keep the number 1 in its place in the grid. The East Coast Greenway, a system of trails that connects Maine to Florida, travels along sections of State Road A1A. SR A1A is associated with Florida beach culture and is known for its lush tropical and subtropical scenery and ocean vistas. In many places, the highway runs directly along the waterfront of the Atlantic Ocean, but in other places, it runs one to five blocks inland from the beachfront. For most of its length, A1A runs along Florida's East Coast Barrier Islands, separated from the mainland of the state by the Intracoastal Waterway; because of the proximity of the highway to the ocean and its susceptibility to storm surges, sections of A1A are closed or damaged by hurricanes and tropical storms.
A1A has been a backbone of Florida's Spring Break serving as "the strip" in both Fort Lauderdale – a popular spring break destination during the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s – and Daytona Beach, which became a popular destination for college spring breaks during the 1970s. Today, A1A serves as more a main coastal highway that connects beach towns for more than 375 miles along Florida's East Coast; the southern terminus of SR A1A is at the southern end of Bertha Street, where SR A1A begins as a two-lane a four-lane highway along the Straits of Florida in Key West, known locally as South Roosevelt Boulevard. The road heads east past East Martello Tower and Key West International Airport, before curving north with an intersection with CR 5A, followed by the northern terminus of the Key West section of SR A1A, U. S. Route 1 and State Road 5. Running along the south shore of Key West, SR A1A is the southmost numbered highway in the lower 48 states. SR A1A reappears at Interstate 395 and US 1 in Miami, beginning at MacArthur Causeway before becoming Collins Avenue at Fifth Street in Miami Beach, serving as one of Miami Beach's main north — south thoroughfares.
Just north in the town of Surfside, the northbound is Collins Avenue, the southbound is Harding Avenue. In Bal Harbour it is called Bal Harbour Boulevard. In Golden Beach it is called Ocean Boulevard, it serves Hallandale Beach, Hollywood Beach, Dania Beach. It joins with US 1 for 3.4 miles, passes the Ft. Lauderdale/Hollywood International Airport, it divides and serves Ft. Lauderdale Beach, Pompano Beach, continuing north, it serves as the main road throughout much of the exclusive Palm Beach, further to the north. In the area of Vero Beach, A1A is called the Robert C. Spillman Memorial Highway, it spans Sebastian Inlet at the Sebastian Inlet Bridge. A1A next passes just to the west of the John F. Kennedy Space Center. Two miles of A1A were used as part of the well-known Daytona Beach Road Course. A1A passes through St. Augustine, the oldest continuously-inhabited city on the mainland of the United States. A1A is called 3rd Street in Neptune Beach. Just south of Atlantic Beach, A1A turns inland for several blocks, following Atlantic Boulevard, before resuming a northward course along Mayport Road that ends at the St. Johns River.
A ferry takes traffic to the northern section of A1A that continues along the coast to just south of Fort Clinch State Park on the estuary of the Saint Mary's River. At that point A1A hooks back south to Fernandina Beach and turns west, going inland 20 miles through Yulee and crossing I-95 and U. S. Highway 17, it ends at U. S. Highway 1, U. S. Highway 23, U. S. Highway 301 in Florida; this section west of Fernandina Beach, is marked as SR 200, but SR A1A signs are displayed at every cluster of signs, though a designated direction is only above the SR 200 signs. Prior to the 1945 renumbering, the route that became SR 1 had the following numbers: SR 1 was defined in the 1945 renumbering as: Since the following changes have been made: The Jungle Trail was part of A1A in northeastern Indian River County, Florida; the narrow, 7 1⁄2-mile-long road is located between Old Winter Beach Road and the current A1A, along the western side of Orchid Island, is unpaved. It is part of the Indian River Lagoon Scenic Highway system, the southernmost road in the highway system
Florida State Road 686
State Road 686 is an east–west route in Pinellas County, running from Alt US 19 in Largo east to an intersection with State Road 687 and State Road 694 in St. Petersburg, Florida. State Road 686 begins at Alt US 19, it runs through Largo, where it crosses an interchange with US 19 and east of the intersection, SR 686 is known as Roosevelt Boulevard, named for President Franklin Delano Roosevelt. It travels in a southeastern direction through Clearwater, intersects State Road 688, heads east with a concurrency for just under a mile. At the end of the concurrency, SR 686 once again heads southeast. An interchange with Interstate 275 follows, SR 686 ends at the intersection with SR 687 and SR 694. SR 686 extended further west, ending at Gulf Boulevard in Belleair Beach, next to the shores of the Gulf of Mexico; the entire route is in Pinellas County. State Road 686A is an under construction state road in St. Petersburg; the route is being constructed along what is Pinellas County Road 296, consisting of 118th Avenue North and the 118th Avenue Connector, as part of the Gateway Expressway.
As of August 2018, the route is 1.439 miles long, is planned for 4 miles in length. The route runs from the foot of the 118th Avenue Connector westbound offramp to just east of the I-275 on-ramps. County Road 416 extends from Gulf Boulevard in Belleair Beach, east to Clearwater-Largo Road in Largo; the entirety of the route was signed as SR 686. From Gulf Boulevard in Belleair Beach, through Belleair Bluffs to Indian Rocks Road, the road is called the Belleair Causeway. In Largo, it becomes West Bay Drive. West Bay Drive is Largo's "Main Street". Largo Area Historical Society. From Pines and Palmettos—A portrait of Largo; the Donning Company Publishers. Virginia Beach, Va. 2005. Largo Bicentennial Book Committee. Largo till.... Largo Area Historical Society. 1979. Pinellas County Staff. Pinellas County GIS Viewer. Online May 6, 2006
U.S. Route 29 in Florida
U. S. Route 29 in the State of Florida is the westernmost south-to-north U. S. route in the state. It runs 43.6 miles from Downtown Pensacola north to the Alabama State Line within Escambia County. Highway 29 runs as a four-lane highway through much of the panhandle, becoming six-lanes through and near several towns; the highway's hidden state road designation is State Road 95. Street names include North Palafox Street, Pensacola Boulevard, Century Boulevard. From Brent to Cantonment, US 29 runs between two different railroad lines. On the west side is a line owned by the Saint Louis and San Francisco Railway, on the east side is a line owned by the Louisville and Nashville Railroad. US 29 begins at U. S. Route 90 and U. S. Route 98 in downtown Pensacola along North Palafox Street, which starts off as a four-lane undivided concrete boulevard, with occasional provisions for center-left turn lanes; the road enters Goulding at Escambia County Road 480, straddles the Pensacola-Goulding border until just south of the intersection with Florida State Road 752, which ends west of the next intersection, Florida State Road 295.
The road passes by the western edge of the Escambia Wood Treating Company Superfund Site and enters Brent. The division of the highway begins at Massachusetts Avenue, part of the eastern terminus of State Road 292, remains that way throughout much of the county. After the intersection with State Road 296, the name of US 29 changes to Pensacola Boulevard, North Palafox Street moves onto its former routing along Escambia County Road 95A, which it will maintain until it reaches Ten Mile Road. North of CR 95A, US 29 serves as the western terminus of State Road 750, which leads to the Pensacola Regional Airport, becomes the northern terminus of Escambia CR 453, a four-lane boulevard that serves as a shortcut to western Pensacola. After the western terminus of State Road 742, US 29 encounters the interchange with Interstate 10 in Florida, which includes loop ramps, an unusually wide median, all of, on the border between Brent and Ensley. A far more conventional diamond interchange with U. S. Route 90 Alternate can be found up ahead, but not before encountering three signalized intersections... four if you count the emergency signal for a county firehouse.
Commercial surroundings don't disappear entirely. After the intersection with Ten Mile Road, the route enters Gonzalez. One mile north of there, County Road 95A runs parallel to the northbound lane connected only by turn lanes from the northbound lane itself; this trajectory ends across from CR 297, after this, CR 95A moves away from US 29. CR 95A returns to the side of the northbound lane near a local diner, only for US 29 to curve away from it to the northwest between Tate School Road and Escambia CR 749. Before entering Cantonment, CR 95A merges with US 29 just south of the grounds of a large International Paper factory across the street from that intersection, where the road becomes a four-lane undivided highway; the railroad line that serves that plant, connecting the former Frisco line to the old L&N line encounters the road in a grade crossing just south of the intersection with Muscogee Road and Beck's Lake Road, where CR 184 secretly joins the route. Shortly after this intersection, CR 95A separates from US 29 once again just after the divider is revived.
After the intersection with Neal Road, US 29 gains the supplemental name "Don Sutton Highway" and runs under a power line right-of-way. From there, the route continues northwest as it passes by the Central Commerce Park just before entering Molino curving back towards the north. Escambia CR 184 branches off to the east onto West Quintette Road US crosses over the Jack's Branch River, flies through the intersection with Escambia CR 196. North of there the road descends over a culvert over a tributary of Cowdevil Creek, but elevates through a wooded area which ends at some farmland at the top of this ascension; the road passes by an Escambia County Sheriff's station on the northeast corner of Omega Avenue, dips again as it approaches the culvert over the Dry Creek just south of a blinker-light intersection with Escambia CR 182. Just north of here, the road inherits the name "Century Boulevard," and runs parallel to the same power line right-of-way it crossed under at Neal Road in Cantonment, it passes a power substation across the street from local businesses, but more forestland can be found on the east side while more farmland can be found on the west side, with the brief exception of church across from the intersection with Bet Raines Road.
From there, the forest on the east side evolves into farmland until it approaches Florida State Road 97 which spans southeast to CR 95A and northwest to Atmore, Alabama. The power lines move to the northeast and less than 1/2 mile from there, US 29 encounters the northern terminus of CR 95A right after a second crossing of the Jack's Branch River. From here the road begins to curve more toward the northeast. Just north of the Morgan Cemetery, US 29 enters Barth, which contains a side road toward the Lakeside at Barth campground. After a pair of bridges over the Morgan Branch, the road passes a local cemetery before intersecting with Mason Road and Cotton Lake Road, the former of which serves as the entrance to a Christian summer camp called "Camp O' the Pines" Crossing a pair of bridges over Mitchell Creek, it passes a side road to the West Fraser "McDavid Sawmill," and runs under the same power lines it encountered north of Neal Road in Cantonment. Northeast of
Florida State Road 44
State Road 44 is an east–west state highway in the U. S. state of Florida. It runs from Crystal River on the Gulf of Mexico east to New Smyrna Beach on the Atlantic Ocean, passing through Inverness, Leesburg and DeLand. A section in Lake County, between eastern Leesburg and a point north of Mount Dora, is concurrent with U. S. Highway 441; this concurrency is not signed. The former alignment of SR 44 in that area is now County Road 44, which runs north of Lake Eustis, on the other side as US 441 and current SR 44. A former western extension of SR 44 from Crystal River to the Gulf of Mexico is now County Road 44. In some locations, it is signed as County Road 44W. State Road 44 begins as Gulf-to-Lakes Highway at the intersection of US 19-98 and 4th Street in Crystal River, a four-lane divided highway; the divider only exists at the intersection, however. The rest of the road is undivided throughout much of Western Citrus County. SR 44 runs directly east, until it leaves the city limits makes a sharper southeastern turn prior to the intersection of North Dunkenfield Avenue and West Norvelle Bryant Highway.
It turns east again as it reaches the intersection of Canyon Rock Road, but curves back to the southeast a mile later. The proposed interchange with the Suncoast Parkway Extension will be built just northwest of where the divider begins again near the intersection of County Road 490 in Lecanto, after which the road turns east again. After crossing Lecanto Highway, the divider becomes more prominent, The road runs up and down various hills as it runs along the northern border of Withlacoochee State Forest, though it never stays straight, it still runs east. Near a pair of shopping centers, the divider ends east of Crofft Avenue, the road resumes its status as an undivided four-lane highway with center-left turn lanes. Entering the Inverness City Limits, the road straightens out again at the intersection of South Pleasant Grove Road and Forest Drive, where it becomes Main Street. CR 581 secretly joins SR 44 as a hidden route. One block before CR 581 leaves SR 44 to become its own route again, southbound US 41 joins SR 44.
The two routes continue to move directly east until the intersection of Seminole Avenue, where it curves around the Old Citrus County Courthouse, moves to the southeast before breaking off at East Highland Boulevard, where US 41 continues towards Floral City, Brooksville and points south, while SR 44 moves onto Gulf-Atlantic Highway and becomes a divided highway once again. East of US 41, SR 44 runs over the Withlacoochee State Trail with bike ramps on both sides, along the southern shore of Henderson Lake; the rest of the road is surrounded by farms and boat launching areas as it gets ready to cross the Withlacoochee River at the Citrus-Sumter County Line, where it enters Rutland. The rural landscape continues at the northwest end of County Road 470, which leads to Lake Panasoffkee and Okahumpka in Lake County; as the road enters Wildwood it is lined with truck stops, travel plazas and other tourist attractions surrounding the interchange with Interstate 75 as well as Florida's Turnpike. The Florida Department of Transportation and Florida's Turnpike Enterprise are planning to combine the ramps to and from the turnpike into those of I-75.
The road curves to the southeast again, as it approaches the western terminus of County Road 44A. After straightening out again, it approaches the CSX Wildwood Subdivision, where a new four lane bridge was completed in 2010 spanning the railroad tracks just before the road intersects with US 301. East of US 301, the road takes another slight southeastern curve and meets the eastern terminus of County Road 44A and CR 468 in Orange Home, just before crossing the Lake County Line. A former railroad line running from Wildwood to Leesburg that ran along the south side of CR 44A runs along the north side of the road, when CR 44A ends Before reaching Downtown Leesburg, SR 44 makes a sharp right turn onto a truck bypass at the intersection of Main Street and County Road 468; the name of this section is South Street and it runs north and south, until it takes a sharp curve at Casteen Road, which it replaces. South Street continues to run in its easterly direction and approaches Venture Avenue, built on a former southwest-to-northeast railroad right-of-way, Carpenter Avenue which runs along the east side of this former ROW.
SR 44 approaches the intersection of US 27, turns into West Dixie Avenue, where it runs northeast momentarily, turns east again. At the intersection of South Palmetto Street and west end of Dozier Circle, West Dixie Avenue turns into East Dixie Avenue; the road curves to the northeast again at Lake Port Boulevard and crosses the same abandoned railroad line that originated in Wildwood. Right after the intersection of East Main Street, SR 44 joins Southbound US 441, but both continue to run east; the US 441-SR 44 segment is a six-lane divided highway with provisions for bicycles. The road serves as the western terminus of County Road 44 passed by Leesburg Municipal Airport. From here it squeezes between Lake Harris and Lake Eustis where it crosses over the Dead River on a bridge between the two lakes; the southbound wye at State Road 19 in Tavares, is shared by County Road Old 441, northbound SR 19 joins US 441 and SR 44 through the rest of Tavares into Eustis until it encounters an interchange with State Road 19 and part of CR 19A.
North of Mount Dora, SR 44 leaves US 441, which curves south towards Miami. SR 44 turns north narrows from four lanes to two lanes before it curves between Lake Joanna and Loch Leven before passing b
Florida State Road 200
State Road 200 is a major diagonal road in central and northeastern Florida. Its southern terminus is at US 41 in Hernando, its northern terminus is at SR A1A in Fernandina Beach, at the corner of Atlantic Avenue and Fletcher Avenue. SR 200 is signed from Hernando through Apache Shores and Stokes Ferry in Citrus County through Marion Oaks to Ocala in Marion County, where it becomes an unsigned route for US 301 north to Callahan, it is signed again from Callahan to Fernandina Beach, signed concurrently with SR A1A. State Road 200A in Ocala and northern Marion County is now County Road 200A, it was former U. S. Route 301 Alternate; the first segment begins at US 301 in Ocala north of a railroad bridge. Upon reaching Northeast Eighth Road, former SR 200 becomes Jacksonville Road, a street name it carries until it terminates with US 301 in Citra. Other County Road 200A's can be found in Alachua and Nassau Counties. County Road 200A exists in two segments; the road is a former segment of US 301. County Road 200A is one of two suffixed alternates of State Road 200 in Lawtey.
It runs along the west side of US 301/SR 200 from the aforementioned route through CR 225. One block the route turns right onto Lake Street and runs for three blocks until it terminates at the north end of a multiplex with US 301 and CR 225. County Road 200B is another one of the two suffixed alternates of State Road 200 in Lawtey, it runs along the east side of US 301/SR 200 and begins at the same route just north of the southern terminus of CR 200A. CR 200B runs east to cross the CSX Wildwood Subdivision winds around local streets within Lawtey until it terminates at CR 225. County Road 200A is the last suffixed alternate of SR 200 in the state, it runs along Pages Dairy Road west of US 17 in Yulee and runs north of the road until it reaches Chester River Road in Lofton turns south along Chester River Road until it terminates at SR 200, which at this point is multiplexed with SR A1A. Florida Route Log
Interstate Highway System
The Dwight D. Eisenhower National System of Interstate and Defense Highways known as the Interstate Highway System, is a network of controlled-access highways that forms part of the National Highway System in the United States; the system is named for President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Construction was authorized by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, the original portion was completed 35 years although some urban routes were cancelled and never built; the network has since been extended. In 2016, it had a total length of 48,181 miles; as of 2016, about one-quarter of all vehicle miles driven in the country use the Interstate system. In 2006, the cost of construction was estimated at about $425 billion; the United States government's efforts to construct a national network of highways began on an ad hoc basis with the passage of the Federal Aid Road Act of 1916, which provided for $75 million over a five-year period for matching funds to the states for the construction and improvement of highways.
The nation's revenue needs associated with World War I prevented any significant implementation of this policy, which expired in 1921. In December 1918, E. J. Mehren, a civil engineer and the editor of Engineering News-Record, presented his "A Suggested National Highway Policy and Plan" during a gathering of the State Highway Officials and Highway Industries Association at the Congress Hotel in Chicago. In the plan, Mehren proposed a 50,000-mile system, consisting of five east–west routes and 10 north–south routes; the system would include two percent of all roads and would pass through every state at a cost of $25,000 per mile, providing commercial as well as military transport benefits. As the landmark 1916 law expired, new legislation was passed—the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921; this new road construction initiative once again provided for federal matching funds for road construction and improvement, $75 million allocated annually. Moreover, this new legislation for the first time sought to target these funds to the construction of a national road grid of interconnected "primary highways", setting up cooperation among the various state highway planning boards.
The Bureau of Public Roads asked the Army to provide a list of roads that it considered necessary for national defense. In 1922, General John J. Pershing, former head of the American Expeditionary Force in Europe during the war, complied by submitting a detailed network of 20,000 miles of interconnected primary highways—the so-called Pershing Map. A boom in road construction followed throughout the decade of the 1920s, with such projects as the New York parkway system constructed as part of a new national highway system; as automobile traffic increased, planners saw a need for such an interconnected national system to supplement the existing non-freeway, United States Numbered Highways system. By the late 1930s, planning had expanded to a system of new superhighways. In 1938, President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave Thomas MacDonald, chief at the Bureau of Public Roads, a hand-drawn map of the United States marked with eight superhighway corridors for study. In 1939, Bureau of Public Roads Division of Information chief Herbert S. Fairbank wrote a report called Toll Roads and Free Roads, "the first formal description of what became the interstate highway system" and, in 1944, the themed Interregional Highways.
The Interstate Highway System gained a champion in President Dwight D. Eisenhower, influenced by his experiences as a young Army officer crossing the country in the 1919 Army Convoy on the Lincoln Highway, the first road across America. Eisenhower gained an appreciation of the Reichsautobahn system, the first "national" implementation of modern Germany's Autobahn network, as a necessary component of a national defense system while he was serving as Supreme Commander Of Allied Forces in Europe during World War II, he recognized that the proposed system would provide key ground transport routes for military supplies and troop deployments in case of an emergency or foreign invasion. The publication in 1955 of the General Location of National System of Interstate Highways, informally known as the Yellow Book, mapped out what became the Interstate Highway System. Assisting in the planning was Charles Erwin Wilson, still head of General Motors when President Eisenhower selected him as Secretary of Defense in January 1953.
The Interstate Highway System was authorized on June 29, 1956 by the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956, popularly known as the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act of 1956. Three states have claimed the title of first Interstate Highway. Missouri claims that the first three contracts under the new program were signed in Missouri on August 2, 1956; the first contract signed was for upgrading a section of US Route 66 to what is now designated Interstate 44. On August 13, 1956, Missouri awarded the first contract based on new Interstate Highway funding. Kansas claims. Preliminary construction had taken place before the act was signed, paving started September 26, 1956; the state marked its portion of I-70 as the first project in the United States completed under the provisions of the new Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956. The Pennsylvania Turnpike could be considered one of the first Interstate Highways. On October 1, 1940, 162 miles of the highway now designated I‑70 and I‑76 opened between Irwin and Carlisle.
The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania refers to the turnpike as the Granddaddy of the Pikes. Milestones in the construction of the Interstate Highway System include: October 17, 1974: Nebraska becomes
Florida State Road 64
State Road 64 extends from City Road 789 near the Gulf of Mexico in Holmes Beach on Anna Maria Island in Manatee County to US 27/US 98 in Avon Park in Highlands County. State Road 64 travels from west to east through the counties of Manatee and Highlands, it is a rural two-lane highway going through only two cities and Zolfo Springs. It crosses the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway as well as the Braden River, Lake Manatee, the Myakka River. East of Avon Park, a bi-county extension runs northeast into Polk County which runs through Lake Wales Ridge State Forest and terminates at the Avon Park US Air Force Base, it is designated as the Florida Cracker Trail from Bradenton to the Hardee County Line. County Road 64 is a bi-county extension of SR 64 in Polk Counties, it begins at SR 17 in Avon Park as East Main Street, part of SR 17 from the eastern terminus of SR 64. From there it runs straight west and east until the intersection with East Avon Pines Road, where it branches to the northeast, a position it maintains throughout the rest of the county.
After crossing a bridge over Bonnet Creek, it crosses the Polk County Line thus entering part of the Lake Wales Ridge State Forest, before curving east as it approaches a bridge over Arbuckle Creek, terminating at the Avon Park Air Force Range. County Road 64A is an alternate county route of SR 64, it begins as a north-south road at the intersection with SR 64 in Oak Grove west of Zolfo Springs, begins to curve to the northeast at the intersection of Alton Carlton Road, which leads to the Wauchula Municipal Airport. By the time it reaches the intersection of CR 35B, it runs directly west and east like its parent route and enters the City of Wauchula. Here, the road's only major intersection is CR 35A before it terminates at the intersection of US 17 and SR 636. Florida Route Log