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Ginette L'Heureux

Ginette L'Heureux is an administrator and former politician in Montreal, Canada. She was a member of the Montreal city council from 1986 to 1994, serving as a member of the Montreal Citizens' Movement party. L'Heureux worked as an aide to Parti Québécois legislator Louise Harel before her own election and supported Pauline Marois's first bid for the PQ leadership in 1985, she was thirty-seven years old in late 1986 and administered a project to reintegrate women into the workforce. L'Heureux was first elected to the Montreal city council in the 1986 municipal election, defeating a Civic Party candidate in the east-end Maissoneuve ward; the MCM won a landslide majority in this election, L'Heureux was appointed by new mayor Jean Doré as his assistant on international affairs. She was appointed to the board of directors of the Montreal Urban Community Transit Corp.. L'Heureux took part in a delegation to China in 1987 with other officials. In July 1989, she announced that Montreal would discontinue several planned political exchanges with Shanghai to protest China's campaign against political dissidents following the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.

The two cities had signed a friendship agreement four years earlier. L'Heureux attended a meeting of francophone mayors in Gabon and led a city delegation to Russia, she was re-elected in the 1990 municipal election, in which the MCM won a second consecutive majority. She continued to serve as Montreal's international affairs representative and as a MUCTC director after the election. In September 1992, she took part in a municipal delegation to Moscow. L'Heureux was named as interim chair of the MUCTC in August 1994, when Robert Perreault resigned to run for provincial office; the following month, she announced that more than 1,600 advertising spaces on buses and trains had been made available for anti-violence advertising. She did not seek re-election in the 1994 municipal election and was replaced as MUCTC chair by Yves Ryan in November 1994. L'Heureux was appointed as a spokesperson for the Quebec Human Rights Commission. In 2007, she issued an opinion that a Parti Québécois proposal requiring all newcomers to Quebec to prove their knowledge of French before being granted citizenship was discriminatory

Camp Varnum

Camp Varnum is a Rhode Island Army National Guard training facility in the Boston Neck area of Narragansett, Rhode Island. During World War II it was a coastal defense fort. Fort Varnum was built as part of a general modernization of US coast defenses begun in 1940 with the outbreak of war in Europe and the Fall of France; the fort is named for General James Mitchell Varnum of the Revolutionary War. It was built to relocate previously-emplaced weapons to a more useful location nearer the entrance to Narragansett Bay; the fort was sited to reinforce new 6-inch gun batteries at Fort Greene in Point Judith and Fort Burnside in Jamestown. The fort was intended to protect the West Passage of Narragansett Bay as part of the Harbor Defenses of Narragansett Bay. Fort Varnum's main armament was Battery House, two 6-inch M1900 guns on pedestal mounts, completed in 1942; the battery was a relocation of Battery House at Fort Getty in Jamestown. Two 3-inch M1903 guns on pedestal mounts were planned for Battery Armistead, relocated from Fort Kearny, now the University of Rhode Island Narragansett Bay Campus.

However, these guns arrived in unusable condition, Fort Varnum's commander asked that they be scrapped. They were never mounted. Better light weapons were provided in 1943 as Anti-Motor Torpedo Boat Battery 921, with four 90 mm guns, two on fixed mounts and two on towed mounts. Several fire control stations were built in Narragansett disguised as beach cottages. Most have been destroyed. In 1947, with the war over, Fort Varnum's guns were scrapped along with all other US coast artillery weapons. Camp Varnum is the home of the 243rd Regiment. Seacoast defense in the United States United States Army Coast Artillery Corps Berhow, Mark A. Ed.. American Seacoast Defenses, A Reference Guide, Second Edition. CDSG Press. ISBN 0-9748167-0-1. Lewis, Emanuel Raymond. Seacoast Fortifications of the United States. Annapolis: Leeward Publications. ISBN 978-0-929521-11-4. List of all US coastal forts and batteries at the Coast Defense Study Group, Inc. website FortWiki, lists all CONUS and Canadian forts

Norman I. Platnick

Norman I. Platnick is arachnologist, he is a Professor Emeritus of the Richard Gilder Graduate School and Peter J. Solomon Family Curator Emeritus of the invertebrate zoology department of the American Museum of Natural History. A 1973 Ph. D. recipient at Harvard University, Platnick has described over 1,800 species of spiders from around the world, making him the second most prolific arachnologist in history, behind only Eugène Simon. Until 2014 he was the maintainer of the World Spider Catalog, a website hosted by the AMNH which tracks the arachnology literature, attempts to maintain a comprehensive list, sorted taxonomically, of every species of spider, formally described. In 2007 he received the International Society of Arachnology's Bonnet award, named for Pierre Bonnet, in recognition for his work on the catalog. Platnick is recognized as a world leader in spider taxonomy. Dr. Quentin D. Wheeler stated "He is the best arachnologist of his generation, has published more monographs and nomenclatural contributions than anyone, period."Platnick was one of the founding members of the Willi Hennig Society and its fourth President.

His contributions to theoretical cladistics are highly regarded. Platnick, N. I.: A Revision of the North American Spiders of the Family Anyphaenidae. Ph. D. thesis, Harvard University. Gertsch, Willis J. & Platnick, N. I.: A revision of the spider family Mecicobothriidae." American Museum Novitates 2687 Abstract, PDF Nelson, G. J. & Platnick, N. I.: Systematics and biogeography: cladistics and vicariance. Columbia University Press, New York. 567 pp. Platnick, N. I.: Spinneret Morphology and the Phylogeny of Ground Spiders. American Museum Novitates 2978: 1-42. PDF Platnick, N. I. Coddington, J. A. Forster, R. R. and Griswold, C. E.: Spinneret Morphology and the Phylogeny of Haplogyne Spiders. American Museum Novitates 3016: 1-73. PDF Platnick, N. I.: Advances in Spider Taxonomy 1992-1995, with Redescriptions 1940-1980. New York Entomological Society 976 pp. Griswold, C. E. Coddington, J. A. Platnick, N. I. & Forster, R. R.: Towards a Phylogeny of Entelegyne Spiders. Journal of Arachnology 27: 53-63. PDF Dimensions Of Biodiversity: Targeting Megadiverse Groups from: Cracraft, J. & Grifo, F.

T.. The Living Planet In Crisis - Biodiversity Science and Policy. Columbia University Press. Platnick, N. I.: A Relimitation and Revision of the Australasian Ground Spider Family Lamponidae. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 245: 1-330. Web version - Abstract, PDF Platnick's most recent undertaking involves the goblin spiders of Oonopidae as a part of the Planetary Biodiversity Inventory, a project which includes scientific institutions from across the world. There are about 1,600 recorded species in 114 genera, but estimates have been placed as high as 2,500. Official website at AMNH World Spider Catalog Video Profile: Norman Platnick on YouTube from the AMNH

Image-based meshing

Image-based meshing is the automated process of creating computer models for computational fluid dynamics and finite element analysis from 3D image data. Although a wide range of mesh generation techniques are available, these were developed to generate models from computer-aided design, therefore have difficulties meshing from 3D imaging data. Meshing from 3D imaging data presents a number of challenges but unique opportunities for presenting a more realistic and accurate geometrical description of the computational domain. There are two ways of meshing from 3D imaging data: The majority of approaches used to date still follow the traditional CAD route by using an intermediary step of surface reconstruction, followed by a traditional CAD-based meshing algorithm. CAD-based approaches use the scan data to define the surface of the domain and create elements within this defined boundary. Although reasonably robust algorithms are now available, these techniques are time consuming, intractable for the complex topologies typical of image data.

They do not allow for more than one domain to be meshed, as multiple surfaces are non-conforming with gaps or overlaps at interfaces where one or more structures meet. This approach is the more direct way as it combines the geometric detection and mesh creation stages in one process which offers a more robust and accurate result than meshing from surface data. Voxel conversion technique providing meshes with brick elements and with tetrahedral elements have been proposed. Another approach generates 3D tetrahedral or tetrahedral elements throughout the volume of the domain, thus creating the mesh directly with conforming multipart surfaces; the steps involved in the generation of models based on 3D imaging data are: An extensive range of image processing tools can be used to generate accurate models based on data from 3D imaging modalities, e.g. MRI, CT, MicroCT, Ultrasound. Features of particular interest include: smoothing tools; the image-based meshing technique allows the straightforward generation of meshes out of segmented 3D data.

Features of particular interest include: Multi-part meshing Mapping functions to apply material properties based on signal strength Smoothing of meshes Export to FEA and CFD codes for analysis Biomechanics and design of medical and dental implants Food science Forensic science Materials science Nondestructive testing Paleontology and functional morphology Reverse engineering Soil science Petrophysics Image segmentation Computing-Objects commercial C++ libraries for mesh generation & FEM computation ScanIP commercial image-based meshing software: www.simpleware.com Mimics 3D image-based engineering software for FEA and CFD on anatomical data: Mimics website Google group on image-based modelling: Avizo Software's 3D image-based meshing tools for CFD and FEA iso2mesh: a free 3D surface and volumetric mesh generator for matlab/octave OOF3D, object oriented finite element analysis from the NIST VGSTUDIO MAX, Commercial CT analysis software for industry. They offer an add-on module for FEM meshing

St. Armand, New York

St. Armand is a town in Essex County, New York, United States; the population was 1,548 at the 2010 census. The town was named by an early settler for Saint-Armand, Quebec, in Canada; the town of St. Armand is southwest of Plattsburgh; the town was first settled around 1829. The early industry was based on lumber production. After most of the trees were harvested, farming became predominant; the town was set off from the town of Wilmington in 1844. By the end of the 19th century, the town had become the locale for sanatoriums intended for tuberculosis cures. Dr. Edward Trudeau in 1884 was one of the first to establish a sanatorium within the town, near the village of Saranac Lake. Robert Louis Stevenson, spent a year in the town for a TB cure According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 57.5 square miles, of which 56.5 square miles is land and 0.93 square miles, or 1.63%, is water. The northern and eastern town lines are the border of Franklin County; the town is in the Adirondack Park.

The Saranac River flows through the northwest part of St. Armand. New York State Route 3 passes through the western part of the town. At the 2000 census, there were 543 households and 349 families residing in the town; the population density was 23.4 per square mile. There were 689 housing units at an average density of 12.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 97.43% White, 0.38% African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.61% from other races, 0.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.14% of the population. There were 543 households of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.7% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.04. Age distribution was 25.8% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males. The median household income was $39,500, the median family income was $51,250. Males had a median income of $36,696 versus $23,828 for females; the per capita income for the town was $18,828. About 4.0% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over. Bloomingdale – A hamlet near the north town line on NY-3; the community was founded around 1852. Camp Woodsmoke – A youth camp located at the north end of Lake Placid. Franklin Falls Pond – A wide part of the Saranac River at the north town line. Lake Placid – A small part of the north end of the lake is within the town. Moose Pond – A small lake in the western part of St. Armand. Saranac Lake – A small part of the village of Saranac Lake is in the southeast part of the town. St. Armand – A location near the north town line on NY-3.

Trudeau – A hamlet northeast of Saranac Lake village on NY-3, named for Dr. Edward Livingston Trudeau. Town of St. Armand official website Historical summary of St. Armand Early history of St. Armond, NY Historic St. Armand photos