Joseph Johann Ludwig Uphues was a German sculptor. After an apprenticeship as a carpenter, he embarked on a tour of Belgium. From 1870 to 1871, he learned stone masonry in Wiedenbrück and he worked there until 1878, when he entered the Prussian Academy of Arts, studying sculpture under Reinhold Begas and Fritz Schaper. In 1882 he was enrolled in Begas Master Student class and worked as his assistant until 1891 and he became a Professor at the Academy and joined the Berlin Secession in 1899. He was one of the sculptors commissioned to produce statues for the Siegesallee, Uphues produced two sets of figures, dedicated in 1899, Group 3, with Otto II, Margrave of Brandenburg as the centerpiece, flanked by Johann Gans Edler Herr zu Putlitz and Heinrich von Antwerpen. Group 28, featuring Frederick the Great with side figures of Graf Kurt Christoph von Schwerin, as is the case with virtually all of the Siegesallee statues, his were damaged during World War II and are currently displayed at the Spandau Citadel.
Berlin Equestrian statue of Kaiser Friedrich III, Uphues produced statues of him for Düren, Bad Homburg vor der Höhe and Wiesbaden. Statue of Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, which Uphues titled Der große Schweiger, Uphues produced several Moltke memorials, including the ones in Düren and Mannheim. Düren Bismarck Memorial Koblenz Johannes Peter Müller Memorial on the Jesuitenplatz Wiesbaden Friedrich Schiller Memorial Brigitte Kaul, in, Thieme-Becker, Allgemeines Lexikon der Bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart. Vol.33, E. A. Seemann, Leipzig 1939, catalog from the exhibition at the Sculpture Gallery of the Staatlichen Museen Preußischer Kulturbesitz from 19 May to 29 July 1990, ISBN 3-7861-1599-0, Vol.1, pg.570. Works by or about Joseph Uphues at Internet Archive Wiesbaden website, Kaiser Friedrich Monument
Berlin Victory Column
The Victory Column is a monument in Berlin, Germany. Berliners have given the statue the nickname Goldelse, meaning something like Golden Lizzy, the Victory Column is a major tourist attraction in the city of Berlin. Its viewing platform, for which a ticket is required, offers a view over Berlin, built on a base of polished red granite, the column sits on a hall of pillars with a glass mosaic designed by Anton von Werner. A fourth ring is decorated with garlands and was added in 1938–39 as the whole monument has been relocated. The entire column, including the sculpture, is 67 metres tall, the relief decoration was removed in 1945. It was restored for the 750th anniversary of Berlin in 1987 by the French president at that time, Werner designed the original hall of pillars with a glass mosaic. The foundation is decorated with four bronze reliefs showing the three wars and the marching of the troops into Berlin. They were created by, Moritz Schulz Karl Keil Alexander Calandrelli and Albert Wolff The Victory Column originally stood in Königsplatz, at the same time, the column was augmented by another 7.5 metres, giving it its present height of 66.89 metres.
The monument survived World War II without much damage, during the 1945 Battle of Berlin of 1945, Soviet Troops nicknamed the column the Tall Woman. Polish Army troops, fighting alongside their Soviet allies, hoisted the Polish flag on the column on 2 May 1945 at the end of the Battle in Berlin. It served as the location for Barack Obamas speech in Berlin as a US presidential candidate during his visit to Germany on 24 July 2008, the choice of site was controversial as it symbolises German military victories of the past and is still seen by some as a Nazi symbol. The column is shown in Wim Wenders Wings of Desire as a place for angels. Being a right-wing spy among the Communist plotters, he foils their plans
Helmuth von Moltke the Elder
Helmuth Karl Bernhard Graf von Moltke was a German Field Marshal. The chief of staff of the Prussian Army for thirty years, he is regarded as the creator of a new, more modern method of directing armies in the field. He is often referred to as Moltke the Elder to distinguish him from his nephew Helmuth Johann Ludwig von Moltke, Moltke was born in Parchim, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, son of the Danish Generalleutnant Friedrich Philipp Victor von Moltke. Young Moltke therefore grew up under difficult circumstances, at nine he was sent as a boarder to Hohenfelde in Holstein, and at age twelve went to the cadet school at Copenhagen, being destined for the Danish army and court. In 1818 he became a page to the king of Denmark, at twenty-one Moltke resolved to enter the Swedish service, in spite of the loss of seniority. In 1822 he became a lieutenant in the 8th Infantry Regiment stationed at Frankfurt. At twenty-three, he was allowed to enter the war school. For a year Moltke had charge of a school at Frankfurt an der Oder.
In 1832 he was seconded for service on the staff at Berlin. He was at this time regarded as a brilliant officer by his superiors, including Prince William, max Boot says of Moltke in his War Made New, Moltke loved music, art and theater. He was a prolific artist who filled sketchbooks with landscapes and portraits, as well as a popular author. For all his catholicity of interests and he was a nationalist to the core who was appalled by the liberal revolutions that swept Europe on 1848. He placed his faith in the king and the forces of the old regime, Moltke was well received at court and in the best society of Berlin. His tastes inclined him to literature, to study and to travel. In 1827 he had published a romance, The Two Friends. In 1831 he wrote an essay entitled Holland and Belgium in their Mutual Relations, a year he wrote An Account of the Internal Circumstances and Social Conditions of Poland, a study based both on reading and on personal observation of Polish life and character. In eighteen months he had finished nine volumes out of twelve, in 1835 on his promotion as captain, Moltke obtained six months leave to travel in south-Eastern Europe.
After a short stay in Constantinople he was requested by the Sultan Mahmud II to help modernize the Ottoman Empire army and he remained two years at Constantinople, learned Turkish and surveyed the city of Constantinople, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles. He travelled through Wallachia and Rumelia, and made other journeys on both sides of the Strait
Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany as well as one of its constituent 16 states. With a population of approximately 3.5 million, Berlin is the second most populous city proper, due to its location in the European Plain, Berlin is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. Around one-third of the area is composed of forests, gardens, rivers. Berlin in the 1920s was the third largest municipality in the world, following German reunification in 1990, Berlin once again became the capital of all-Germany. Berlin is a city of culture, media. Its economy is based on high-tech firms and the sector, encompassing a diverse range of creative industries, research facilities, media corporations. Berlin serves as a hub for air and rail traffic and has a highly complex public transportation network. The metropolis is a popular tourist destination, significant industries include IT, biomedical engineering, clean tech, biotechnology and electronics. Modern Berlin is home to world renowned universities, orchestras and its urban setting has made it a sought-after location for international film productions.
The city is known for its festivals, diverse architecture, contemporary arts. Since 2000 Berlin has seen the emergence of a cosmopolitan entrepreneurial scene, the name Berlin has its roots in the language of West Slavic inhabitants of the area of todays Berlin, and may be related to the Old Polabian stem berl-/birl-. All German place names ending on -ow, -itz and -in, since the Ber- at the beginning sounds like the German word Bär, a bear appears in the coat of arms of the city. It is therefore a canting arm, the first written records of towns in the area of present-day Berlin date from the late 12th century. Spandau is first mentioned in 1197 and Köpenick in 1209, although these areas did not join Berlin until 1920, the central part of Berlin can be traced back to two towns. Cölln on the Fischerinsel is first mentioned in a 1237 document,1237 is considered the founding date of the city. The two towns over time formed close economic and social ties, and profited from the right on the two important trade routes Via Imperii and from Bruges to Novgorod.
In 1307, they formed an alliance with a common external policy, in 1415 Frederick I became the elector of the Margraviate of Brandenburg, which he ruled until 1440. In 1443 Frederick II Irontooth started the construction of a new palace in the twin city Berlin-Cölln