Introduced in 2000, the competition replaced the FIBA EuroLeague, which had been run by FIBA since 1958. For Euroleague Basketball records purposes, the FIBA European Champions Cup and EuroLeague are considered to be the same competition, with the change of name being simply a re-branding. EuroLeague is one of the most popular professional sports leagues in the world, with an average attendance of 8,184. The EuroLeague title has been won by 20 different clubs,13 of which have won the more than once. The FIBA European Champions Cup was originally established by FIBA and it operated under its umbrella from 1958 until the summer of 2000 and that was when Euroleague Basketball was created. FIBA had never trademarked the EuroLeague name, even though it had used that name for the competition since 1996. Euroleague Basketball simply appropriated the name, and since FIBA had no recourse to do anything about it, it was forced to find a new name for its championship series. Thus, the following 2000–2001 season started with 2 separate top European professional club competitions, the FIBA SuproLeague.
The rift in European professional club basketball initially showed no signs of letting up, in May 2001, Europe had two continental champions, Maccabi of the FIBA SuproLeague and Kinder Bologna of the Euroleague. The leaders of both organizations realized the need to come up with a unified competition, although only a year old, Euroleague Basketball negotiated from a position of strength and dictated proceedings. FIBA essentially had no choice but to agree to Euroleague Basketballs terms, as a result, European club competition was fully integrated under Euroleague Basketballs umbrella and teams that competed in the FIBA SuproLeague during the 2000–01 season joined it as well. In essence, the authority in European professional basketball was divided over club-country lines, FIBA stayed in charge of national team competitions, while Euroleague Basketball took over the European professional club competitions. From that point on, FIBAs Korać Cup and Saporta Cup competitions lasted only one season before folding.
In November 2015, Euroleague Basketball and IMG agreed on 10-year joint venture, both Euroleague Basketball and IMG will manage the commercial operation, and the management of all global rights covering both media and marketing. The deal was worth €630 million euros guaranteed, with projected revenues reaching €900 million euros, FIBA era, FIBA European Champions Cup, FIBA European League, FIBA EuroLeague, FIBA SuproLeague, Euroleague Basketball era, Euroleague. *There were two separate competitions during the 2000–01 season, the SuproLeague, which was organized by FIBA, and the Euroleague, which was organized by Euroleague Basketball. On 26 July 2010, Turkish Airlines and Euroleague Basketball announced a €15 million strategic agreement to sponsor the top European basketball competition across the globe, according to the agreement, starting with the 2010–11 season, the top European competition would be named Turkish Airlines Euroleague Basketball. Similarly, the EuroLeague Final Four would be named the Turkish Airlines EuroLeague Final Four and this title partnership was set to run for five seasons, with the option of extending it to an additional five
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Covering an area of 255,804 km², the SFRY was bordered with Italy to the west, Hungary to the north and Romania to the east and Albania and Greece to the south. In addition, it included two autonomous provinces within Serbia and Vojvodina, the SFRY traces back to 29 June 1943 when the Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia was formed during World War II. On 29 November 1945, the Federal Peoples Republic of Yugoslavia was proclaimed after the deposal of King Peter II thus ending the monarchy. Following the death of Tito on 4 May 1980, rising ethnic nationalism in the late 1980s led to dissidence among the multiple ethnicities within the constituent republics. This led to the federation collapsing along the borders, followed by the final downfall and breakup of the federation on 27 April 1992. The term former Yugoslavia is now commonly used retrospectively, the name Yugoslavia, an Anglicised transcription of Jugoslavija, is a composite word made-up of jug and slavija. The Serbo-Croatian and Macedonian word jug means south, while slavija denotes a land of the Slavs, thus, a translation of Jugoslavija would be South-Slavia or Land of the South Slavs.
The term is intended to denote the lands occupied by the six South Slavic nations, Croats, Montenegrins, the full official name of the federation varied significantly between 1945 and 1992. Yugoslavia was formed in 1918 under the name Kingdom of Serbs, the name deliberately left the republic-or-kingdom question open. In 1963, amid pervasive liberal constitutional reforms, the name Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was introduced, the state is most commonly referred to by the latter name, which it held for the longest period of all. The most common abbreviation is SFRY, though SFR Yugoslavia was used in an official capacity, particularly by the media. On 6 April 1941, Yugoslavia was invaded by the Axis powers led by Nazi Germany, by 17 April 1941, Yugoslav resistance was soon established in two forms, the Royal Yugoslav Army and the Yugoslav Partisans. The Partisan supreme commander was Josip Broz Tito, and under his command the movement soon began establishing liberated territories which attracted the attentions of the occupying forces.
The coalition of parties and prominent individuals behind the movement was the Peoples Liberation Front. The Front formed a political body, the Anti-Fascist Council for the Peoples Liberation of Yugoslavia. The AVNOJ, which met for the first time in Partisan-liberated Bihać on 26 November 1942, during 1943, the Yugoslav Partisans began attracting serious attention from the Germans. In two major operations of Fall Weiss and Fall Schwartz, the Axis attempted to stamp-out the Yugoslav resistance once, on both occasions, despite heavy casualties, the Group succeeded in evading the trap and retreating to safety. The Partisans emerged stronger than before and now occupied a significant portion of Yugoslavia
VTB United League
VTB United League is an international professional mens basketball league that was founded in 2008. Since 2013, it is the first tier of Russian professional club basketball, the highest placed Russian team in the league is named Russian national champions. Its goal is to unite the basketball clubs of Eastern Europe. The league is sponsored by VTB Bank, in its inaugural 2009–10 season league format season, the VTB United League featured clubs from Estonia, Lithuania and Ukraine. For the 2010–11 season, teams from Finland and Belarus were added to the league, the 2011–12 season featured a total of 18 teams, with new teams being added from Czech Republic and Kazakhstan. In the 2012–13 season, the number of teams increased to 20, the number of teams was decreased to 16 for the 2014–15 season, and the teams from Ukraine and Lithuania dropped out of the competition. The first step in the creation of the league was a competition named the VTB United League Promo-Cup held in Moscow in December,2008, the final of the Promo-Cup was played on December 22,2008, and was won by CSKA Moscow, who defeated Khimki 70–66.
They suggested that the new league would be named the Eastern European Professional Basketball League, in July 2012, the Council of VTB United League gave a definitive decision. It was decided that the PBL league would continue for one more year, the first tier Russian clubs replaced the PBL with the VTB United League as their new national domestic league, starting with the 2013-14 season. The VTB United League was officially recognized by FIBA Europe in September 2013, the league was officially recognized by FIBA World in October 2014. The league needed to be recognized by both bodies, because it contains clubs that come from countries that are part of both the European and Asian FIBA zones. In order for clubs to play in the VTB United League, they must have a home arena that has a seating capacity of at least 3,000 seats
FIBA Basketball World Cup
It is considered to be the flagship event of the International Basketball Federation. The world championship is considered to be just as prestigious as the basketball gold medal. The championship has held every four years since the inaugural tournament in 1950. The tournament structure is similar, but not identical, to that of the FIFA World Cup, a parallel event for womens teams, now known as the FIBA Womens Basketball World Cup, is held quadrennially. From 1986 through 2014, the mens and womens championships were held in the same year, the current format of the tournament involves 24 teams competing for the title at venues within the host nation. The winning team receives the Naismith Trophy, first awarded in 1967, the current champions are the United States, who defeated Serbia in the final of the 2014 tournament. Following the 2014 FIBA championships for men and women, the mens World Cup was scheduled on a new four-year cycle to avoid conflict with the FIFA World Cup, the next mens World Cup will be held in 2019, in the year following the FIFA World Cup.
All FIBA World Championship/World Cup tournaments from the 1994 edition onward, are considered as fully professional level tournaments. The FIBA Basketball World Cup was conceived at a meeting of the FIBA World Congress at the 1948 Summer Olympics in London. Long-time FIBA Secretary-General Renato William Jones urged FIBA to adopt a World Championship, similar to the FIFA World Cup, the FIBA Congress, seeing how successful the 23-team Olympic tournament was that year, agreed to the proposal, beginning with a tournament in 1950. Argentina was selected as host, largely because it was the country willing to take on the task. Argentina took advantage of the host selection, winning all their games en route to becoming the first FIBA World Champion, the first five tournaments were held in South America, and teams from the Americas dominated the tournament, winning eight of nine medals at the first three tournaments. By 1963, teams from Eastern Europe and Southeast Europe, between 1963 and 1990, the tournament was dominated by the United States, the Soviet Union and Brazil who together accounted for every medal at the tournament.
United States dominated that year and won gold, while former states of USSR and Yugoslavia - Russia and Croatia - won Silver, the 1998 FIBA World Championship, held in Greece, lost some of its luster when the 1998–99 NBA lockout prevented the American professional players from participating. New Yugoslavian team, now consisting of the former Yugoslav republics of Serbia and Montenegro, won the gold medal over Russia, while USA, playing with amateur players, in 2002 other nations eventually caught up to the four powerhouse countries and their successor states. Meanwhile, the United States team, made up entirely of NBA players and this new era of parity convinced FIBA to expand the tournament to 24 teams for 2006,2010 and 2014 editions of the tournament. In 2006, emerging powerhouse Spain beat Greece in the first appearance in the final for both teams, Spain became only the seventh team to capture a World Championship gold. The USA, who lost to Greece in a semifinal, beat Argentina in 3rd place match, in 2010 FIBA World Championship final the USA beat Turkey and won gold for first time in 16 years, while Lithuania beat Serbia and won bronze
Commonly known as Valencia Basket, is a professional basketball team that is based in Valencia, Spain. The team plays in the Liga ACB and the EuroCup and it plays their home games at the Fuente de San Luis. Valencia Basket was founded on 27 September 1986, after Valencia CF decided to fold its basketball section, in 1995, Valencia was relegated to the Spanish 2nd-tier level EBA League, after falling in the leagues relegation playoff against Somontano Huesca. In the next season, after being the runner-up in Liga EBA, in a season, Valencia BC bought Amway Zaragozas ACB place to join the top league. One year later, on 13 April 1999, the played in the final of the 1998–99 FIBA Saporta Cup. The years later, the club repeated the success, but Montepaschi Siena won the final of the 2001–02 FIBA Saporta Cup, by a score of 81–71, in Lyon. Continuing the clubs best years, the 2001–02 ACB season was historic for the club, as it reached the Spanish ACB League finals, where they could not win any game in their series against FC Barcelona.
On 18 April 2010, Power Electronics Valencia won its second European title, by beating Alba Berlin, 67–44, in the 2010 Eurocup Finals and this allowed the club to come back to the top level EuroLeague, seven years after its first participation in the tournament. This time, Valencia reached the EuroLeague quarterfinals, where it was eliminated by Real Madrid, the clubs third European-wide 2nd-tier level EuroCup title arrived on 7 May 2014, when Valencia beat UNICS Kazan in the double-legged finals. Valencia Basket plays its games at the 8,500 seat Fuente de San Luis arena. Set a club record or won an award while at the club. Played at least one international match for their national team at any time. To perform very successfully during period in the club or at later/previous stages of his career, since 2014, Valencia BC has a womens team. It was created after integrating the system of Ros Casares Valencia. In its first season, Valencia BC plays in Primera División, official website Valencia Basket at ACB.
com Valencia Basket at the EuroCup
2010 FIBA World Championship
The 2010 FIBA World Championship, hosted by Turkey, was the international basketball competition contested by the mens national teams. The tournament ran from August 28 to September 12,2010 and it was co-organized by the International Basketball Federation, Turkish Basketball Federation and the 2010 Organizing Committee. It was considered as prestigious a competition as the Olympic Basketball Tournament, for the third time, the World Championship had 24 competing nations. As a result, the group games were played in four different cities. The United States won the tournament for their time after going undefeated in the Opening Round. The draw for the Championship took place on December 15,2009 in Istanbul, teams were drawn into four preliminary round groups of six teams each. Teams first played a schedule, with the top sixteen teams advancing to the knockout stage. Previously and New Zealand, Italy and Puerto Rico announced their intention to bid from the tournament, france won the first round of voting, but Turkey eventually won the right to host after the joint bidders were knocked out in the first round.
The tournament was the first time that Turkey has hosted the event, below is a list of the venues which hosted games during the 2010 FIBA World Championship. Each preliminary round group was hosted in an arena in Kayseri, Ankara. The knockout phase moved to Istanbuls Sinan Erdem Dome, Ankara Arena, completed in 2010, and Kadir Has Arena, completed in 2008, were built for the championships, while the other three arenas underwent renovations for the event. Turkey automatically qualified as the host country, and the United States received a berth for winning the 2008 Olympic Mens Basketball Tournament. Most other teams secured their places in qualifying tournaments. FIBA invited four wild card teams to fill out the team field. The four wild cards were determined by FIBA through criteria, for example, a team must have played in the Zones qualification tournament to receive recommendation. Also, in order for every team to have an opportunity for a wild card, once these requirements are satisfied, FIBA looks at other important factors.
Those include popularity of basketball within the country, success of the team, as of 2009, FIBA now requires that wild card candidates pay a late registration fee to be considered. Fourteen teams paid the 500,000 € fee to apply for one of the four wild card spots, FIBA whittled down the teams to eight semifinalists – Cameroon, Great Britain, Lebanon, Lithuania and Russia
EuroBasket 2013 was the 38th edition of the EuroBasket championship that is organized by FIBA Europe. It took place from 4 September until 22 September 2013 in Slovenia, the number of participating teams was 24. France defeated Lithuania in the final to win its first title and Herzegovina, Czech Republic, Germany and Slovenia brought forward a potential candidature for the FIBA EuroBasket. Countries which were interested in submitting a formal candidature had to do so by 31 August 2010, on 5 September 2010, it was announced that only two countries and Italy had submitted formal bids. On 15 October 2010, Italy announced its withdrawal from the run, the Basketball Federation of Slovenia thus remained the only candidate organizer. The decision on the candidacy was officially reported after FIBA Europes meeting in Munich, in March 2011, the BFS appointed the economist Aleš Križnar as the director of the event. In the first stage, every team had to play against every team of their group. This meant five matches per team, from every group, the three best teams advanced to the second stage and the three worst teams were eliminated.
In the second stage, two new groups were formed, the three best teams from groups A and B were united to form group E and the three best teams from groups C and D were united to form group F. In these two new groups of the stage only matches by teams that had not yet played each other have to be played. As for the matches that had happened in the first stage. Therefore, every team played three matches and there are 12 teams in the second stage, out of the second stage, the four best teams from each of the two groups advanced to the quarterfinals whereas the two worst teams will be eliminated from the championship. The fee that Slovenia has to pay to FIBA Europe amounts to 6 million euros, according to the agreement, half of the money will be paid by the Slovenian state. The official mascot is Lipko, whose name comes from combining the Slovenian word for linden tree, the word lipa is of Slavic origin. Lipko is spelt the same in every language and in market where he is present. Slovenia already beat record attendance of 155,336 after preliminary round for almost 20,000 more people from previous FIBA Eurobasket, the average attendance per game was 2,588 visitors.
On 24 March 2011, it was announced that the preliminary round would be played in Novo Mesto, Koper. Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia, will host the final round at the Arena Stožice, on 18 June 2012, it was announced that the city council of Ptuj cancelled their bid for the tournament
EuroBasket 2011 was the 37th mens European Basketball Championship, held by FIBA Europe. The competition was hosted by Lithuania and this was the second time EuroBasket had been held in Lithuania, the country having hosted the 1939 championship. FIBA Europe asserted that Lithuania managed to organize the best European championship in its history, the top two teams are guaranteed spots at the 2012 Summer Olympics. The group matches were played in four arenas, namely Alytus Arena, Šiauliai Arena, Cido Arena in Panevėžys, the second stage matches were played at the Siemens Arena in the capital Vilnius and the playoffs at the new Žalgiris Arena in Kaunas. All tickets were sold for matches in which Lithuania played in a matter of hours after the start of sale. Other tickets were sold out in advance for all venues except for Alytus. This policy was altered in Panevėžys where there were separate tickets for the games Lithuania played,20000 foreign visitors went to Lithuania for the championship. 135000 local fans visited the arenas,120000 people watched EuroBasket 2011 matches in special fan zones that were constructed beside every arena with a large screen and outdoor seating available.
Among the foreign teams the Georgian, Slovenian and Latvian national teams had the most fans travelling from their home countries, Georgians had certain city squares decorated in their flags in both Klaipėda and Vilnius. Several famous people and heads of states went to championship and this included the president of Georgia Mikheil Saakashvili, Foreign Minister of Russia Sergey Lavrov and prince of Spain Felipe. All but one of the 15 countries that participated in the Qualifying Round qualified for the final tournament, each team consisted of 12 players. Only 1 among the 12 could be a foreign player. Some of the teams had players that traced their ancestry to the teams they represent and were allowed to play for team, such as Germany. Other teams naturalised players participating in their countrys system, among them Spain, Bulgaria, Belgium. Montenegro and Macedonia each naturalised US-born players who had never played in their league system, other naturalised players moved to their current countries in their youth, with a notable example being Great Britains Luol Deng, who fled the Sudanese Civil War with his family as a child.
Lithuania, Serbia and Finland are notable exceptions, with all of their players having been born in Lithuania, Serbia, another exception was Latvia playing without foreign players. Some of the Eastern European national teams, such as Bosnia and this was primarily true for countries that have good basketball players but no powerful clubs or leagues to match that. On the other hand, for countries with strong leagues, such as Italy, the same was true for countries weak in basketball as their players are unable to get into strong foreign leagues
Finland national basketball team
The Finnish national basketball team represents Finland in international basketball. It played at 13 EuroBasket tournaments, its best finish being 6th in 1967 on home soil, Finland made its FIBA World Cup debut in the 2014 edition. Finland first competed at the European championship at its third installment, in the round-robin, they initially struggled and lost to each of the other seven teams and finished with a 70–541 overall point differential. Finlands next European competition was 12 years later, at the EuroBasket 1951 in Paris, they fared much better and split their four preliminary round games and finished at third place in the group at 2–2 but were eliminated from championship contention. They had success after that, winning all three of their classification round 1 games and both round 2 games to finish in 9th place of the 18 teams. In 1952, by virtue of hosting the games in Helsinki, the team finished at the bottom of its first-round Group B with the Soviet Union and Mexico, losing all of its games and scoring 147-178.
Finland used this experience when they competed again at the EuroBasket 1953 in Moscow. In the preliminary round, they finished with 1 win and 3 losses for 4th place of the 5 teams in the group. They fared significantly better in the first classification round, winning 3 and they lost both the 9–12 and 11/12 classification games, taking 12th place of 17 overall. At the next event, Finland had some difficulty in the round of EuroBasket 1955. They lost all three games in Budapest and were relegated to the classification round. Once again, not faced with the world elite opponents anymore and they won their classification 9–12 match as well, but lost to France in the 9/10 final to finish 10th of 18 in the tournament. In Sofia, at the EuroBasket 1957, the Finns finished third in their group after going 1–2. They moved to the 9–16 classification pool and won five games there only one loss. They took 11th place overall in the tournament, at the EuroBasket 1995 in Greece, Finland finished 13th. Finland qualified for the EuroBasket 2011, the tournament berth was the first for Finland in 16 years.
There they finished out of six teams in EuroBasket 2011 Group C and defeated Bosnia and Herzegovina 92–64. This allowed them to qualify for the EuroBasket 2011 Group F
Belgrade is the capital and largest city of Serbia. It is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers and its name translates to White city. The urban area of the City of Belgrade has a population of 1.34 million, one of the most important prehistoric cultures of Europe, the Vinča culture, evolved within the Belgrade area in the 6th millennium BC. In antiquity, Thraco-Dacians inhabited the region, and after 279 BC Celts conquered the city and it was conquered by the Romans during the reign of Augustus, and awarded city rights in the mid-2nd century. In 1521, Belgrade was conquered by the Ottoman Empire and became the seat of the Sanjak of Smederevo and it frequently passed from Ottoman to Habsburg rule, which saw the destruction of most of the city during the Austro-Ottoman wars. Belgrade was again named the capital of Serbia in 1841, northern Belgrade remained the southernmost Habsburg post until 1918, when the city was reunited. As a strategic location, the city was battled over in 115 wars, Belgrade was the capital of Yugoslavia from its creation in 1918, to its final dissolution in 2006.
Belgrade has an administrative status within Serbia and it is one of five statistical regions of Serbia. Its metropolitan territory is divided into 17 municipalities, each with its own local council, City of Belgrade covers 3. 6% of Serbias territory, and 22. 5% of the countrys population lives within its administrative limits. It is classified as a Beta- global city, chipped stone tools found at Zemun show that the area around Belgrade was inhabited by nomadic foragers in the Palaeolithic and Mesolithic eras. Some of these belong to the Mousterian industry, which are associated with Neanderthals rather than modern humans. Aurignacian and Gravettian tools have discovered there, indicating occupation between 50,000 and 20,000 years ago. The first farming people to settle in the region are associated with the Neolithic Starčevo culture, there are several Starčevo sites in and around Belgrade, including the eponymous site of Starčevo. The Starčevo culture was succeeded by the Vinča culture, a more sophisticated farming culture that grew out of the earlier Starčevo settlements which is named for a site in the Belgrade region.
Evidence of early knowledge about Belgrades geographical location comes from ancient myths, the rock overlooking the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers has been identified as one of the place in the story of Jason and the Argonauts. The Paleo-Balkan tribes of Thracians and Dacians ruled this area prior to the Roman conquest, Belgrade was inhabited by a Thraco-Dacian tribe Singi, after the Celtic invasion in 279 BC, the Scordisci took the city, naming it Singidūn. In 34–33 BC the Roman army led by Silanus reached Belgrade, jovian reestablished Christianity as the official religion of the Roman Empire, ending the brief revival of traditional Roman religions under his predecessor Julian the Apostate. In 395 AD, the passed to the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire