Pacé is a commune in the Ille-et-Vilaine department of Brittany in northwestern France. Pacé is on the banks of the River Flûme, itself a tributary of the River Vilaine. Neighbouring municipalities include Gévezé to the north, La Mézière to the north-east, with La Chapelle-des-Fougeretz and Montgermont in the east; the capital of Brittany, Rennes lies to the south-east of Pacé. The little town is positioned along the main road linking the coastal resort of Saint-Brieuc with Rennes; the road has been upgraded, which has improved access. Inhabitants of Pacé are called in French pacéens. Communes of the Ille-et-Vilaine department INSEE Mayors of Ille-et-Vilaine Association Official website French Ministry of Culture list for Pacé
Kopstal is a commune and a small town in central Luxembourg. The towns of Kopstal and Bridel belong to this commune. Kopstal is a small town, with a population of 644 as of 2005, located in a valley between forested hills situated beneath Bridel, it is in the countryside and at ten minutes distance driving from the capital. School children are able to attend the schools in the city and young people can enjoy Luxemburg City's night life. There are many paths through the forests next to Kopstal. Kopstal was formed on 1 July 1853, when it was detached from the communes of Steinsel; the law forming Kopstal was passed on the 22 February 1853. Media related to Kopstal at Wikimedia Commons
Weiler-la-Tour is a commune and small town in southern Luxembourg. It is located south-east of Luxembourg City; the commune's administrative centre is Hassel. As of 2005, the town of Weiler-la-Tour, which lies in the south of the commune, has a population of 477. Other towns within the commune include Syren. Media related to Weiler-la-Tour at Wikimedia Commons
Kehlen is a commune and town in western Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Capellen; as of the February 1, 2011 census, the commune had a population of 5,048. As of 2005, the town of Kehlen, which lies in the centre of the commune, has a population of 1,627. Other towns within the commune include Dondelange, Meispelt and Olm; the history of Kehlen goes back at least to Gallo-Roman period. Celtic tombs have been excavated in nearby Nospelt and a necropolis from the 1st century was discovered in the early 1970s on the Juckelsboesch plateau between Mamer and Kehlen. A beautiful dark blue glass bowl was among the offerings found there. A monument to the four gods depicting Juno, Minerva and Hercules once the base of a Jupiter Column, was discovered on the heights of Schoenberg at the point where two Roman roads once crossed; the original is now in the National Museum of History and Art but a replica can be seen beside the entrance to the Schoenberg cemetery. Schoenberg is one of the oldest parishes in Luxembourg.
It came under the authority of the St. Maximin's Abbey, Trier, as far back as 1637; the cemetery is classified as a national monument as many of the gravestones are from the beginning of the 16th century. Until recently, Kehlen was a farming community with a few cottage industries. Today, owing to its proximity to Luxembourg City, most of its inhabitants now work in the service sector; the name Kehlen is said to originate from Callidovilla meaning the villa of Callidus. Germany: Meckenbeuren Media related to Kehlen at Wikimedia Commons
Schuttrange is a commune and small town in southern Luxembourg. It is located east of Luxembourg City; as of 2005, the town of Schuttrange, which lies in the centre of the commune, has a population of 825. Other towns within the commune include Munsbach, Neuhäusgen, Übersyren. Media related to Schuttrange at Wikimedia Commons
Strassen is a commune and town in central Luxembourg. It is part of the canton of Luxembourg. In 2016, Strassen's population was 8500 citizens; the current mayor of Strassen is Gaston Greiveldinger. Strassen was formed on 6 January 1851; the law forming Strassen was passed on 6 August 1849. The origins of the town began in Roman times; the name of Strassen comes from the Latin "strata,". In Roman times, the Roman road led from Trier through Arlon Mamer upwards. Remains of the road were found in 1960 during the widening of Kiem Street; the seal of Johann Strassen and religious piety dating from 1500, provided the basis for the municipal coat of arms created in 1976 and hieraldic description of "Cloche d'or". Due to a historical plague, one-third of the population of Strassen disappeared. With the cadastral maps during the time of Maria Theresia the area of Strassen was 2594.65 acres and the population was 417. Strassen, along with some houses in Reckenthal, became a parish in 1804. In 1823 the town of Strassen was united with the town of Bertrange, but by a law of August 6, 1849, Strassen was again separated from Bertrange effective 1 January 1850.
Thus it became a separate municipality from Reckenthal. At that time, the population consisted of 1300. In 1850, natives of Luxembourg including some from Strassen, began to emigrate to the United States, The emigrants from Luxembourg started experiencing a high death rate in the US, which discouraged further emigration. In 1854 the national poet Michel Rodange married a citizen of Strassen, by the name of Leysen Magdalene and they moved to Fels where he was a teacher; the first water main was laid in 1908. For an entire century, the population did not change much. Strassen in 1946 had 332 houses. In 1960 there were 1900 inhabitants and 20 years 4200. On 1 January 1997 there were about 5000 inhabitants in. Strassen is considered to be one of the smallest communes of the country. Due to a strong increase of Luxembourg's population, new districts are seeing the day in Strassen. Strassen has been classified as the 3th most expensive commune in Luxembourg. In fact, you have to count to spend on average 7 592 euro/m² on recent real estate goods.
Strassen is appreciated from the expatriates, given its proximity with Luxembourg City, its quality of life. As in many other communes in Luxembourg, Strassen has a private aquatic center named Les Thermes, with a cost of €37,000,000. Luxembourg's national center of archery and the national center of martial arts are located in Strassen. In September the biennial Stroossefestival takes part in central Strassen, with performances, food stalls, attractions for all ages. Like elsewhere in the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, public transport is fast. There are buses. Strassen has provided for a city night shuttle bus service. In the municipal area, there are 4 schools, well equipped. In primary school, students lessons are in the three official languages of the country; the primary in Luxembourgish and the secondary language is German, while studying the prospect of having the second language cycle in French and the third language cycle in English. Bernard of Luxemburg, Dominican theologian Official website
Luxembourgish, Letzeburgesch, or Luxembourgian is a West Germanic language, spoken in Luxembourg. About 390,000 people speak Luxembourgish worldwide. A variety of the Moselle Franconian dialect group, Luxembourgish has similarities with other varieties of High German and the wider group of West Germanic languages; the status of Luxembourgish as an official language in Luxembourg and the existence there of a regulatory body, has removed Luxembourgish, at least in part, from the domain of Standard German, its traditional Dachsprache. Luxembourgish belongs to the West Central German group of High German languages and is the primary example of a Moselle Franconian language. Luxembourgish is the national language of Luxembourg and one of three administrative languages, alongside French and German. In Luxembourg, 50.9% of citizens can speak Luxembourgish. Luxembourgish is spoken in the Arelerland region of Belgium and in small parts of Lorraine in France. In the German Eifel and Hunsrück regions, similar local Moselle Franconian dialects of German are spoken.
The language is spoken by a few descendants of Luxembourg immigrants in the United States and Canada. Additionally, in the German Eifel and Hunsrück regions, similar local Moselle Franconian dialects of German are spoken. Other Moselle Franconian dialects are spoken by ethnic Germans long settled in Transylvania, Romania. Moselle Franconian dialects outside the Luxembourg state border tend to have far fewer French loan words, these remain from the French Revolution. There are several distinct dialect forms of Luxembourgish including Areler, Kliärrwer, Stater, Veiner and Weelzer. Further small vocabulary differences may be seen between small villages. Increasing mobility of the population and the dissemination of the language through mass media such as radio and television are leading to a gradual standardisation towards a "Standard Luxembourgish" through the process of koineization. There is no distinct geographic boundary between the use of Luxembourgish and the use of other related High German dialects.
Spoken Luxembourgish is hard to understand for speakers of German who are not familiar with Moselle Franconian dialects. However, they can read the language to some degree. For those Germans familiar with Moselle Franconian dialects, it is easy to understand and speak Luxembourgish as far as the everyday vocabulary is concerned. However, the large number of French loanwords in Luxembourgish may hamper communication about certain topics, or with certain speakers. There is no intelligibility between Luxembourgish and French or any of the Romance dialects spoken in the adjacent parts of Belgium and France. Erna Hennicot-Schoepges, President of the Christian Social People's Party of Luxembourg 1995–2003, was active in promoting the language beyond Luxembourg's borders. A number of proposals for standardising the orthography of Luxembourgish can be documented, going back to the middle of the 19th century. There was no recognised system, until the adoption of the "OLO" on 5 June 1946; this orthography provided a system for speakers of all varieties of Luxembourgish to transcribe words the way they pronounced them, rather than imposing a single, standard spelling for the words of the language.
The rules explicitly rejected certain elements of German orthography. New principles were adopted for the spelling of French loanwords. Fiireje, rééjelen, shwèzt, veinejer bültê, âprê, ssistém This proposed orthography, so different from existing "foreign" standards that people were familiar with, did not enjoy widespread approval. A more successful standard emerged from the work of the committee of specialists charged with the task of creating the Luxemburger Wörterbuch, published in 5 volumes between 1950 and 1977; the orthographic conventions adopted in this decades-long project, set out in Bruch, provided the basis of the standard orthography that became official on 10 October 1975. Modifications to this standard were proposed by the Conseil permanent de la langue luxembourgeoise and adopted in the spelling reform of 30 July 1999. A detailed explanation of current practice for Luxembourgish can be found in Lulling; the Luxembourgish alphabet consists of the 26 Latin letters plus three letters with diacritics: "é", "ä", "ë".
In loanwords from French and Standard German, other diacritics are preserved: French: Boîte, Enquête, Piqûre, etc. German: blöd, Bühn, etc. Like many other varieties of Western High German, Luxembourgish has a rule of final n-deletion in certain contexts; the effects of this rule are indicated in writing, therefore must be taken into account when spelling words and morphemes ending in ⟨n⟩ or ⟨nn⟩. For example: wann ech ginn "when I go", but wa mer ginn "when we go" fënnefandrësseg "thirty-five", but fënnefavéierzeg "forty-five"; the consonant inventory of Luxembourgish is quite similar to that of Standard German. /p͡f/ occurs only in loanwords from Standard German. Just as among many native German-speakers, it tends to be simplified to word-initia