Stanley Kowalski is a fictional character in Tennessee Williams' play A Streetcar Named Desire. Stanley lives in the working-class Faubourg Marigny neighborhood of New Orleans with his wife, is employed as a factory parts salesman, he was an Army engineer in World War II. He has a vicious temper, fights with his wife, leading to instances of domestic violence. Near the beginning of the play, Stanley announces. Stanley's life becomes more complicated when Stella's sister Blanche shows up at their door for a indefinite "visit", he resents the aristocratic Blanche, who derides him as an "ape", calls him a Polack. His resentment intensifies when Blanche starts dating his friend and lets Stella take refuge with her after an argument in which he hits her. Stanley starts asking questions of a street merchant who knew Blanche in her old life, finds out that Blanche is staying with the Kowalskis because she is homeless, he learns that she was paid to leave Mississippi to quell gossip about her many affairs, which she began after her husband, a closeted homosexual, committed suicide.
Overjoyed to have the upper hand, Stanley tells Mitch about Blanche's past, which scares Mitch into ending the relationship. The night that Stella gives birth to their son, Stanley goes out and gets drunk in celebration, returns home, he makes a drunken pass at her, which she rebuffs. Enraged, Stanley rapes her; this final assault on what she had left of her dignity sends Blanche over the edge into a nervous breakdown. Weeks Stella has Blanche committed to a mental institution at Stanley's insistence. In the original play, Stella stays with Stanley, he was most famously portrayed by Marlon Brando in the play's initial Broadway performance as well as the 1951 film adaptation. Since he has been played by Treat Williams in the 1984 TV movie and by Alec Baldwin in the 1995 TV movie
Susan Elizabeth Futral is an American coloratura soprano who has won acclaim throughout the United States as well as in Europe, South America, Japan. Born in Johnston County, North Carolina, Futral grew up in Louisiana, she earned a bachelor's degree in music performance from Samford University. After studying with Virginia Zeani at Indiana University, she spent two years as an apprentice with the Lyric Opera of Chicago. In 1991, she was a winner of the New York Metropolitan Opera National Council; the soprano first garnered acclaim in the title role of the 1994 New York City Opera production of Delibes' Lakmé. Edward Rothstein wrote in The New York Times: Ms Futral's performance was crucial to the success of the evening.... Ms Futral was refined and accurate, hitting her high notes without strain or artifice, giving her vocal acrobatics warmth without succumbing to egoism, she was not out to prove anything. In 1995 Futral won 2nd prize in Plácido Domingo's Operalia International Opera Competition.
In 1996 she was invited to the Rossini Opera Festival to sing the title role in the first production of Rossini's Matilde di Shabran since 1821. That year, she sang the role of Catherine in Meyerbeer's L'étoile du nord at the Wexford Festival. In September 1998, she created the role of Stella in the world premiere of André Previn's A Streetcar Named Desire for the San Francisco Opera. In February 2001, she debuted with the Los Angeles Opera as Cleopatra in Handel's Giulio Cesare. Other roles she has sung for the Los Angeles Opera include Sophie in Strauss's Der Rosenkavalier and Violetta Valéry in Verdi's La traviata. On January 8, 1999, Futral made her debut with the Metropolitan Opera in the title role of Donizetti's Lucia di Lammermoor. In 2003, she sang the role of Princess Eudoxie in the Met's first performances since 1936 of Halévy's La Juive, she returned to the Met in December 2006 to star opposite Plácido Domingo and Paul Groves in the world premiere of Tan Dun's The First Emperor appearing in I puritani.
In 2009 she portrayed Laura Jesson in the world premiere of Houston Grand Opera's production of André Previn's Brief Encounter with Nathan Gunn as Alec Harvey. In June 2014 she created the role of Alice B. Toklas in the world premiere of the Opera Theatre of Saint Louis' production of Twenty-Seven, with Stephanie Blythe as Gertrude Stein. In addition to her stage roles, Futral starred as Elvira in the 2010 film Juan, an English-language adaptation of Mozart's Don Giovanni in a contemporary setting by director Kasper Holten, playing opposite English baritone Christopher Maltman as Juan; the soprano's recordings include Six Characters in Search of an Author, L'étoile du nord, A Streetcar Named Desire, Lucia di Lammermoor, Of Mice and Men, Orpheus & Euridice, Brief Encounter, Evensong: Of Love and Angels, Carlo di Borgogna, L'enfant et les sortilèges, as well as Sweethearts a collection of operetta arias and duets. In 2002, Futral recorded Great Operatic Arias for Chandos, she released a recital of three solo Bach cantatas in 2009 on the Lyrichord Early Music Series label with the Washington Bach Consort and recorded several of Mozart's concert arias for the 2005 Opera Rara release titled "Mozart: The Supreme Decorator," conducted by Sir Charles Mackerras.
Futral and her husband Steven White, noted conductor and artistic director of Opera Roanoke, live in Franklin County, near Roanoke. Elizabeth Futral Official website USOperaWeb interview with Futral MetOpera archives database Colbert Artists Management Inc
The Southern belle is a stock character representing a young woman of the American South's upper socioeconomic class. The image of the Southern belle developed in the South during the antebellum era, it was based on the unmarried woman in the plantation-owning upper class of Southern society. The image of a Southern belle is characterized by fashion elements such as a hoop skirt, a corset, pantalettes, a wide-brimmed straw hat, gloves; as signs of tanning were considered working-class and unfashionable during this era and fans are often represented. Southern belles were expected to marry respectable young men, become ladies of society dedicated to the family and community; the Southern belle archetype is characterized by Southern hospitality, a cultivation of beauty, a flirtatious yet chaste demeanor. For example, Sallie Ward, born into the Southern aristocracy of Kentucky in the Antebellum South, was called a Southern belle; the Southern belle archetype has been criticized as part of an overall idealization of the Antebellum era American South in popular culture.
Slavery figured into the region's economy during the plantation era. In turn, the image of the idyllic Southern plantation is considered by many to be insensitive to the plight of slaves. During the early 20th century, the release of the novel Gone with the Wind and its film adaptation popularized the image of the Southern belle in the characters Scarlett O'Hara and Melanie Wilkes. Southern belles have been featured in A Streetcar Named Desire, The Glass Menagerie, Fried Green Tomatoes, Wacky Races, Steel Magnolias, Sweet Home Alabama. Dick Pope, Sr. promoter of Florida tourism, played an important role in popularizing the archetypal image. Hostesses at his famed Cypress Gardens were portrayed as Southern belles in promotional materials for the theme park. Daisy Duke of Dukes of Hazzard is a southern belle in the show. Peggy Hill is the self proclaimed southern belle on the Texas based animated series King of the Hill; the X-Men member Rogue is the team's self-described Southern belle and hails from the fictitious place of Caldecott County, Mississippi.
In Mighty Magiswords, Penny Plasm, undead ghost. In the Sonic the Hedgehog comics, Bunnie Rabbot, a female cyborg rabbit is a southern belle. Cindy Bear is a southern belle bear from the Hanna-Barbera animated series The Yogi Bear Show. Scarlett O'Hara, the most famous fictional Southern belle. Rogue, the X-Men's southern belle member. Penelope Pitstop, the fictional southern belle from Wacky Races and The Perils of Penelope Pitstop
Daphne Rubin-Vega is a Panamanian-American dancer, singer-songwriter, actress. She is best known for originating the roles of Mimi Marquez in the Broadway musical Rent and Lucy in the Off-Broadway play Jack Goes Boating. In 2012, Daphne appeared as Bombshell publicist Agnes in the second season of the NBC TV series Smash. Rubin-Vega was born in Panama City, the daughter of Daphine Corina, a nurse, José Mercedes Vega, a carpenter, her stepfather, Leonard Rubin, was a writer. Daphine moved from Panama to the United States with her children, she died. Rubin-Vega studied theater at the New Labyrinth Theater Company as well as with William Esper, she performed with the comedy group El Barrio USA. While performing with El Barrio USA, Rubin-Vega landed an audition for a new musical written and composed by Jonathan Larson; the role was for Broadway musical Rent, the role was Mimi Marquez, a nineteen-year-old, HIV-positive heroin addict who works at the Cat Scratch Club as an exotic dancer. Before landing the role, Rubin-Vega claims.
The struggling actress auditioned for musical director Tim Weil by singing "Roxanne" by The Police. She was handed an original number from the production and told to learn it. Rubin-Vega performed in the original workshop. At the time, the script was vastly different from the current version, she developed the role all the way to its Broadway premiere. She left the cast on April 5, 1997, was replaced by Marcy Harriell. Rubin-Vega did not participate in the film adaptation of Rent, as she was pregnant at the time of the movie's casting and filming; the role was subsequently given to Rosario Dawson. One of her castmates was Wilson Jermaine Heredia, with whom she starred in the 1999 film Flawless. Rubin-Vega has two Tony Award nominations to her credit: one for her role in Rent as Best Actress in a Musical, the other for her performance as Conchita in Anna in the Tropics, as Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Play, she won the Theatre World Award in 1996 for Rent. She was awarded the Blockbuster Award for Best Supporting Actress in a Suspense Thriller for her role in the film Wild Things with Kevin Bacon, Matt Dillon and Neve Campbell.
She appeared in the 2000 Broadway production of The Rocky Horror Show in the role of Magenta. Rubin-Vega continued the role through the 2001 terrorist attacks in New York, in 2005, Rubin-Vega recounted in an interview with Fox News that the theater had gone from selling out to selling any tickets at all: "It went from full house to two people." She starred with Phylicia Rashad in a musical version of Federico García Lorca's The House of Bernarda Alba at Lincoln Center in March 2006. She played the role of Fantine in the 2006 Broadway revival of the popular musical Les Misérables beginning November 9. On March 2, 2007, she was replaced by Filipino Tony Award winning actress Lea Salonga. In February 2007, Daphne Rubin-Vega performed alongside Philip Seymour Hoffman in the play Jack Goes Boating off-Broadway at The Public Theater and appeared in the film version. Rubin-Vega appeared in a cameo role in Sex and the City, which premiered in May 2008. In November 2010, she received the Independent Spirit Awards nomination for 2011, for her role in Jack Goes Boating.
The award ceremony was held in Santa Monica, California in February 2011. She starred Off-Broadway as Yvette in Tommy Nohilly's world premier of Blood From A Stone at The New Group's Acorn Theater until February 19, 2011, she appeared in the Off-Broadway cast of Love and What I Wore from March 23 to April 24, 2011. That year, the feature film Union Square, co-written and directed by the Sundance Film Festival's Grand Jury Award Winner, Nancy Savoca, premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival. In it, Daphne co-starred with Mira Sorvino, Patti Lupone, Tammy Blanchard, Mike Doyle, Michael Rispoli. In spring 2012, Rubin-Vega returned to Broadway in a new revival of Tennessee Williams' A Streetcar Named Desire, playing the role of Stella Kowalski opposite Blair Underwood as Stanley; this revival was directed by Emily Mann and featured a African-American cast. In October 2016, Rubin-Vega starred in the world premiere of Miss You Like Hell, a new musical by Quiara Alegría Hudes and Erin McKeown, at the La Jolla Playhouse.
Rubin-Vega performed the lead role in the scripted fiction podcast, The Horror of Dolores Roach, released by Gimlet Media in October 2018. The story, co-starring Bobby Cannavale as Louis, is a contemporary reimagining of Sweeney Todd, using cannibalism as a metaphor for gentrification. Dolores Roach is an adaptation of Rubin-Vega's stage performance in the one-woman play Empanada Loca. Both Empanada Loca and Dolores Roach were written by playwright Aaron Mark for Rubin-Vega, who said in a Vulture interview that he "wanted to do a deep dive into a character we haven't seen depicted much in the horror cannon." Mimi O'Donnell, head of scripting at Gimlet Media, has said that Rubin-Vega's "imprint on this was enormous," referring to Rubin-Vega's contributions in both scripting and casting the podcast adaptation. She began her musical career as the lead singer for the Latin freestyle group Pajama Party, placing three songs on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1989 and 1990; as a solo artist her biggest success is on the Hot Dance Music/Club Play chart, where in 1996 she hit #1 with the song "I Found It."
She returned to the top of the dance/club play charts in 2003 with a dance version of Elton John's "Rocketman". In 2001, she recorded her debut full-length rock album of Souvenirs; the album was never released after Mercury Records was purchas
Ruth Wilson is an English actress. She is known for her performances in Suburban Shootout, Jane Eyre, as Alice Morgan in the BBC TV psychological crime drama Luther, as Alison Lockhart in the Showtime drama The Affair, as the titular character in Mrs Wilson, her film credits include The Lone Ranger, Saving Mr. Banks, I Am the Pretty Thing That Lives in the House, Dark River. Wilson is a three-time Olivier Award nominee and two-time winner, earning the Best Actress for the titular role in Anna Christie, the Best Supporting Actress for her portrayal of Stella Kowalski in A Streetcar Named Desire, she has won a Golden Globe for her role in The Affair and received nominations for a British Academy Television Award for Best Actress and a Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Drama for the title role in Jane Eyre. Wilson was born in Ashford, the daughter of Mary, a probation officer, Nigel Wilson, an investment banker, she has three older brothers Toby and Matthew, is the granddaughter of novelist and MI6 officer Alexander Wilson and his third, bigamously-married, Alison.
Her great-grandmother was Irish. Wilson grew up in Shepperton and was raised as a Catholic. Wilson attended Notre Dame School, an independent Catholic school for girls located in Cobham, before attending sixth form at Esher College; as a teenager, she worked as a model, went on to study history at the University of Nottingham, graduating in 2003. While at Nottingham, she was involved in student drama at the Nottingham New Theatre, she graduated from the London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art in July 2005. Afterwards, she co-founded Hush Productions. During her time at Nottingham, she participated in the TV war strategy game Time Commanders, helping her teammates fight in the Battle of Pharsalus. Prior to her role in Jane Eyre, Wilson had one professional screen credit, in Suburban Shootout, a situation comedy she starred in with Tom Hiddleston. In 2006–07, she filmed the second series of Suburban Shootout, a new Agatha Christie's Marple mystery for ITV, Stephen Poliakoff's BBC television drama Capturing Mary as the young Mary.
In 2007, Wilson appeared in Gorky's Philistines, playing Tanya, at the National from May until August. In June, she presented the 2007 Lilian Baylis Awards. Other projects in 2007 included a guest appearance in the sitcom Freezing as Alison Fennel. From 23 July to 3 October 2009, she appeared as Stella in the Donmar revival of A Streetcar Named Desire. On 15 November 2009 AMC Television and ITV premiered the 2009 TV miniseries remake of The Prisoner, in which Wilson played the Village doctor, "Number 313." She played "Queenie" in an adaptation of Andrea Levy's Small Island, which aired on BBC1 in December 2009 and aired in the United States on PBS in 2010. Since 2010, she has appeared in the British psychological police drama Luther as Alice Morgan, a research scientist and intelligent sociopath. In September 2012, the series' creator, Neil Cross, announced that he was in the process of creating a spin-off of Luther centred on Wilson's character, though as of 2018 this has not happened. Cross stated, "The BBC is interested in the project.
The only real question would be how many and how we would do it – whether it would be a one-off miniseries or a returning miniseries, a co-production or not." While Wilson could not appear in series four of Luther due to filming clashing with The Affair, she is confirmed to be returning for series five. From 4 August to 8 October 2011, Wilson starred in the title role of Eugene O'Neill's Anna Christie at the Donmar Warehouse alongside Jude Law, her performance prompted The Guardian to devote an editorial to Wilson's "courageous and compelling talent". In 2014, Wilson began starring as Alison Bailey on The Affair, for which she won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Drama in January 2015; the show has now run for four seasons. On 5 August 2018 it was reported, her film I Am the Pretty Thing That Lives in the House, directed by Oz Perkins, premiered at the 2016 Toronto International Film Festival. From December 2016 to February 2017, Wilson starred in the title role of Hedda Gabler in a new version by Patrick Marber at the Royal National Theatre.
The production, Wilson's performance in particular, received critical acclaim. In November 2018, Wilson starred as the title character Alison Wilson, her real grandmother, in the BBC drama Mrs Wilson. Alison Wilson was the third of four wives of novelist Alexander Wilson, they were married for 22 years. After his death in 1963, Alison discovered one other wife with. In order not to create extra shock for his children, the other wife and her children attended the funeral as ‘distant relatives’. Alison died in 2005 without knowing. Ruth Wilson explains in a December 2018 Radio Times interview that the script for the series that showed Alison uncovering all of the wives was dramatised in order to reveal the full story during the series. Ruth Wilson was an executive producer for the series. Ruth Wilson on IMDb
Kim Hunter was an American film and television actress. She won both an Academy Award and a Golden Globe Award, each as Best Supporting Actress, for her performance as Stella Kowalski in the 1951 film A Streetcar Named Desire. Decades she was nominated for a Daytime Emmy Award for her work on the long-running soap opera The Edge of Night, she portrayed the character of chimpanzee Zira in the first three installments of the original film adaptation Planet of the Apes. Hunter was born in Detroit, the daughter of Grace Lind, trained as a concert pianist, Donald Cole, a refrigeration engineer, she attended Miami Beach High School. Hunter's first film role was in the 1943 film noir, The Seventh Victim, her first starring role was in the 1946 British fantasy film A Matter of Life and Death. In 1947, she was Stella Kowalski on stage in the original Broadway production of A Streetcar Named Desire. Recreating that role in the 1951 film version, Hunter won both the Academy and Golden Globe awards for Best Supporting Actress.
In the interim, however, in 1948, she had joined with Streetcar co-stars Marlon Brando, Karl Malden, 47 others, to become one of the first members accepted by the newly created Actors Studio. In 1952, Hunter became Humphrey Bogart's leading lady in Deadline USA. Hunter was blacklisted from film and television in the 1950s, amid suspicions of communism in Hollywood, during the era of the House Un-American Activities Committee, she still appeared in an episode of CBS's anthology series Appointment with Adventure and NBC's Justice, based on case files of the New York Legal Aid Society. In 1956, with the HUAC's influence subsiding, she co-starred in Rod Serling's Peabody Award-winning teleplay on Playhouse 90, "Requiem for a Heavyweight"; the telecast won multiple Emmy Awards, including Best Single Program of the Year. She appeared opposite Mickey Rooney in the 1957 live CBS-TV broadcast of The Comedian, another drama written by Rod Serling and directed by John Frankenheimer. In 1959, she appeared in Rawhide in "Incident of the Misplaced Indians" as Amelia Spaulding.
In 1962, she appeared in the NBC medical drama The Eleventh Hour in the role of Virginia Hunter in the episode "Of Roses and Nightingales and Other Lovely Things". In 1963, Hunter appeared as Anita Anson on the ABC medical drama Breaking Point in the episode "Crack in an Image". In 1965, she appeared twice as Emily Field in the NBC TV medical series Dr. Kildare. In 1967, she appeared in the pilot episode of Mannix. On February 4, 1968, she appeared as Ada Halle in the NBC TV Western series Bonanza in the episode "The Price of Salt", her other major film roles include the love interest of David Niven's character in the film A Matter of Life and Death, Zira, the sympathetic chimpanzee scientist in the 1968 film Planet of the Apes and two sequels. She appeared in several radio and TV soap operas, most notably as Hollywood actress Nola Madison in ABC's The Edge of Night, for which she received a Daytime Emmy Award nomination as Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series in 1980. In 1979, she appeared as First Lady Ellen Axson Wilson in the serial drama Backstairs at the White House.
Hunter starred in the controversial TV movie Born Innocent playing the mother of Linda Blair's character. She starred in several episodes of the CBS Radio Mystery Theater during the mid-1970s. In 1971, she appeared in an episode of Cannon. In the same year, she starred in a Columbo episode "Suitable for Framing". In 1973, she appeared twice on Lorne Greene's short-lived ABC crime drama Griff, including the episode "The Last Ballad", in which she portrayed Dr. Martha Reed, a physician held by police in the death of a patient. In 1974, she appeared on Raymond Burr's Ironside. In 1977, she appeared on the NBC Western series The Oregon Trail starring Rod Taylor, in the episode "The Waterhole", which featured Lonny Chapman. Hunter's last film role in a major motion picture was in Clint Eastwood's 1997 film, Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil. In it, Hunter portrayed legal secretary for real-life Savannah lawyer, Sonny Seiler. Hunter was married twice, her first marriage was in 1944 to a Marine Corps pilot.
Before the marriage was dissolved in 1946, the couple had Kathryn. Her second marriage was in 1951 to actor Robert Emmett. Hunter and Emmett would perform together in stage plays. Hunter was a lifelong liberal Democrat. Hunter died in New York City on September 11, 2002, of a heart attack at the age of 79, she was survived by both her son. She was her ashes given to her daughter. Hunter received two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, one for motion pictures at 1615 Vine Street and a second for television at 1715 Vine Street. Kim Hunter on IMDb Kim Hunter at AllMovie Kim Hunter at the Internet Broadway Database Kim Hunter at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Kim Hunter scripts and rehearsal notes, 1957–1993, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts Kim Hunter papers, Additions 1925-2000, held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts Kim Hunter at The Interviews: An Oral History of Television
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company, publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since 1896. G. Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. the company's chairman, are the fourth and fifth generation of the family to helm the paper. Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Since 2008, the Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York, Sports of The Times, Science, Home and other features. On Sunday, the Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine; the Times stayed with the broadsheet full-page set-up and an eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography on the front page. The New York Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times on September 18, 1851. Founded by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones, the Times was published by Raymond, Jones & Company. Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan, Christopher Morgan, Edward B. Wesley. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative, in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good.
We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In 1852, the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed. On September 14, 1857, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times. On April 21, 1861, The New York Times began publishing a Sunday edition to offer daily coverage of the Civil War. One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army, began on July 13, 1863. On "Newspaper Row", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police, who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In 1869, Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. The newspaper's influence grew in 1870 and 1871, when it published a series of exposés on William Tweed, leader of the city's Democratic Party—popularly known as "Tammany Hall" —that led to the end of the Tweed Ring's domination of New York's City Hall. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. After George Jones died in 1891, Charles Ransom Miller and other New York Times editors raised $1 million dollars to buy the Times, printing it under the New York Times Publishing Company.
However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, by 1896, the newspaper had a circulation of less than 9,000, was losing $1,000 a day. That year, Adolph Ochs, the publisher of the Chattanooga Times, gained a controlling interest in the company for $75,000. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September 1896, has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early 1897. The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism". Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr