Système universitaire de documentation
The système universitaire de documentation or SUDOC is a system used by the libraries of French universities and higher education establishments to identify and manage the documents in their possession. The catalog, which contains more than 10 million references, allows students and researcher to search for bibliographical and location information in over 3,400 documentation centers, it is maintained by the Bibliographic Agency for Higher Education. Official website
Judith Shulevitz is an American journalist and culture critic. She has been a columnist for The New York Times Book Review and The New Republic, she is a contributing op-ed writer for The New York Times. Raised in a Jewish family, Shulevitz has worked as a writer and editor for The New Republic since 2012, was a contributing editor of the magazine before that, she published her first book, The Sabbath World: Glimpses of a Different Order of Time in 2010. The New Yorker called it "a swift, penetrating book intent on shattering the habits of mindless workaholism," and The Atlantic called it "gorgeously written." Rebecca Goldstein, in The New York Times, wrote, "True to the tradition she loves, displays a reassuring double-mindedness toward everything except erudition." Shulevitz wrote the "Close Reader" column for The New York Times Book Review from 2001 through 2003. Before that, she was one of the founding editors of Slate, the culture editor, a daily columnist for the magazine. Shulevitz got her start in editing as co-editor of Lingua Franca with Margaret Talbot.
The magazine won a National Magazine Award for General Excellence under their editorship in 1993. Shulevitz worked as deputy editor of New York Magazine, wrote a column there as well, she has contributed to The New Yorker. Shulevitz graduated from Yale University in 1986, she married Nicholas Lemann in 1999. Lemann is a professor at, was the dean of, the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, they have two children. Shulevitz is the cousin of noted independent filmmaker Robert Shulevitz; the Sabbath World: Glimpses of a Different Order of Time
Lewis Aron, Ph. D. ABPP, FABP, was an American psychoanalyst and psychotherapist, internationally recognized teacher and lecturer on psychotherapy and psychoanalysis who has made significant contributions to psychoanalysis within the specialty known as relational psychoanalysis. Dr. Aron was the Director of the New York University Postdoctoral Program in Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis in New York City, he was the founding president of the International Association for Relational Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy and was President of the Division of Psychoanalysis of the American Psychological Association. He practiced in New York where he was well known for teaching ongoing study and reading groups for professional therapists, he was board certified in psychoanalysis by the American Board of Professional Psychology and a Fellow of the American Board of Psychoanalysis. His 1996 volume A Meeting of Minds: Mutuality in Psychoanalysis and his edited volume with Stephen Mitchell, Relational Psychoanalysis: The Emergence of a Tradition are considered two of the essential texts in contemporary American psychoanalysis.
Together with Adrienne Harris, he edited the Relational Perspectives Book Series, which has published many of the texts in the field. Dr. Aron was one of the founders of the preeminent journal Psychoanalytic Dialogues: The International Journal of Relational Perspectives; the term "relational psychoanalysis" was first used by Greenberg and Mitchell in 1983 to bridge the traditions of interpersonal relations, as developed within interpersonal psychoanalysis and object relations, as developed within contemporary British theory. Due in large measure to the seminal work of Stephen Mitchell, the term "relational psychoanalysis" grew and began to accrue to itself many other influences and developments. Various tributaries—interpersonal psychoanalysis, object relations theory, self psychology, empirical infancy research, elements of contemporary Freudian and Kleinian/Bionian thought—flow into this tradition, which understands relational configurations between self and others, both real and fantasized, as the primary subject of psychoanalytic investigation.
Relational psychoanalysis has become the dominant form of American contemporary psychoanalysis. Lewis Aron's contributions to the field include: the development and expansion of relational theory and practice. A comprehensive examination of the patient's experience of the analyst's subjectivity. A view of psychoanalysis that emphasizes mutual regulation and mutual recognition within the context of a certain necessary asymmetry of roles and responsibilities. Studies on the ethics of psychoanalysis and the ethics of writing about patients. Examination of controversies in psychoanalytic education and psychoanalytic institutions. Explorations of psychoanalysis and spirituality. Systematic exploration of the defined distinction between psychotherapy and psychoanalysis; the development of a "progressive psychoanalysis" for the twenty-first century. Atlas, G. & Aron, L.. Dramatic dialogue: Contemporary clinical practice. London: Routledge. Aron, L. & Starr, K.. A Psychotherapy for the People: Toward a Progressive Psychoanalysis.
New York, NY: Routledge. Aron, L. A Meeting of Minds: Mutuality in Psychoanalysis Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press. Aron, L. Grand, S. & Slochower, J.. De-Idealizing relational theory: a critique from within. New York, NY: Routledge. Aron, L. Grand, S.. & Slochower, J.. Decentering relational theory: a comparative critique. New York, NY: Routledge. Aron, L. & Henik, L.. Answering a question with a question: Contemporary psychoanalysis and Jewish thought. A tradition of inquiry. Brighton, MA: Academic Studies Press. Aron, L. & Harris, A.. Relational psychoanalysis IV: Expansion of theory. New York, NY: Routledge. Aron, L. & Harris, A.. Relational psychoanalysis V: Evolution of process. New York, NY: Routledge. Aron, L. & Henik, L.. Answering a question with a question: Contemporary psychoanalysis and Jewish thought. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press. Aron, L. Harris, A. & Suchet, M.. Relational psychoanalysis III: New voices. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press. Aron, L. & Harris, A.. Relational psychoanalysis II: Innovation and expansion.
Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press. Mitchell, S. A. & Aron, L. Relational psychoanalysis: The emergence of a tradition. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press. Aron, L. & Anderson, F. S.. Relational perspectives on the body. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press. Aron, L. & Harris, A.. The legacy of Sandor Ferenczi. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press. Official website American Board of Psychoanalysis NYU Postdoctoral Program website
Aggression is overt or covert harmful, social interaction with the intention of inflicting damage or other unpleasantness upon another individual. It may occur either reactively or without provocation. In humans, frustration due to blocked goals can cause aggression. Human aggression can be classified into indirect aggression. In definitions used in the social sciences and behavioral sciences, aggression is an action or response by an individual that delivers something unpleasant to another person; some definitions include. Predatory or defensive behavior between members of different species may not be considered aggression in the same sense. Aggression can take a variety of forms, which may be expressed physically, or communicated verbally or non-verbally: including anti-predator aggression, defensive aggression, predatory aggression, dominance aggression, inter-male aggression, resident-intruder aggression, maternal aggression, species-specific aggression, sex-related aggression, territorial aggression, isolation-induced aggression, irritable aggression, brain-stimulation-induced aggression.
There are two subtypes of human aggression: controlled-instrumental subtype. Aggression differs from what is called assertiveness, although the terms are used interchangeably among laypeople. Aggression can have negative effects. Aggressive behavior is an individual or collective social interaction, a hostile behavior with the intention of inflicting damage or harm. Two broad categories of aggression are distinguished. One includes affective and hostile, reactive, or retaliatory aggression, a response to provocation, the other includes instrumental, goal-oriented or predatory, in which aggression is used as a mean to achieve a goal. An example of hostile aggression would be a person who punches someone who insulted her. An instrumental form of aggression would be armed robbery. Research on violence from a range of disciplines lend some support to a distinction between affective and predatory aggression. However, some researchers question the usefulness of a hostile versus instrumental distinction in humans, despite its ubiquity in research, because most real-life cases involve mixed motives and interacting causes.
A number of classifications and dimensions of aggression have been suggested. These depend on such things as whether the aggression is physical. Classification may encompass aggression-related emotions and mental states. Aggression may occur in response to non-social as well as social factors, can have a close relationship with stress coping style. Aggression may be displayed in order to intimidate; the operative definition of aggression may be affected by political views. Examples are the axiomatic moral view called the non-aggression principle and the political rules governing the behavior of one country toward another. In competitive sports, or in the workplace, some forms of aggression may be sanctioned and others not. Aggressive behaviors are associated with adjustment problems and several psychopathological symptoms such as Antisocial Personality Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, Intermittent Explosive Disorder. Biological approaches conceptualize aggression as an internal energy released by external stimuli, a product of evolution through natural selection, part of genetics, a product of hormonal fluctuations.
Psychological approaches conceptualize aggression as a destructive instinct, a response to frustration, an affect excited by a negative stimulus, a result of observed learning of society and diversified reinforcement, a resultant of variables that affect personal and situational environments. The term aggression comes from the Latin word aggressio; the Latin was itself a joining of ad - and gradi -. The first known use dates back in the sense of an unprovoked attack. A psychological sense of "hostile or destructive behavior" dates back to a 1912 English translation of Sigmund Freud's writing. Alfred Adler theorized about an "aggressive drive" in 1908. Child raising experts began to refer to aggression, rather than anger, from the 1930s. Ethologists study aggression as it relates to the interaction and evolution of animals in natural settings. In such settings aggression can involve bodily contact such as biting, hitting or pushing, but most conflicts are settled by threat displays and intimidating thrusts that cause no physical harm.
This form of aggression may include the display of body size, claws or teeth. The term agonistic behaviour is sometimes used to refer to these forms of behavior. Most ethologists believe. Aggression may help an animal secure territory, including resources such as water. Aggression between males occurs to secure mating opportunities, res
Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April 2012, the GND held 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalised names.
There are seven main types of GND entities: LIBRIS Virtual International Authority File Information pages about the GND from the German National Library Search via OGND Bereitstellung des ersten GND-Grundbestandes DNB, 19 April 2012 From Authority Control to Linked Authority Data Presentation given by Reinhold Heuvelmann to the ALA MARC Formats Interest Group, June 2012
Taylor & Francis
Taylor & Francis Group is an international company originating in England that publishes books and academic journals. It is a division of a United Kingdom-based publisher and conference company; the company was founded in 1852 when William Francis joined Richard Taylor in his publishing business. Taylor founded his company in 1798, their subjects covered agriculture, education, geography, mathematics and social sciences. From 1917 to 1930 Francis' son, Richard Taunton Francis was sole partner in the firm. In 1965 Taylor & Francis began book publishing. In 1988 it acquired Hemisphere Publishing and the company was renamed Taylor & Francis Group to reflect the growing number of imprints. In 1990 Taylor & Francis exited from the printing business to concentrate on publishing. In 1998 Taylor & Francis Group went public on the London Stock Exchange and in the same year the group purchased its academic publishing rival Routledge for £90 million. Acquisitions of other publishers has remained a core part of the group's business strategy.
Taylor & Francis merged with Informa in 2004 to create a new company called T&F Informa, since renamed back to Informa. Following the merger, T&F closed the historic Routledge books office in New Fetter Lane and relocated to its current headquarters in Milton Park, Oxfordshire. Taylor & Francis Group is now the academic publishing arm of Informa and accounted for 30.2% of Group Revenue and 38.1% of Adjusted Profit in 2017. Taylor & Francis publishes more than 2,700 journals, 7,000 new books each year, with a backlist of over 140,000 titles available in print and digital formats, it uses the Routledge imprint for its publishing in humanities, social sciences, behavioural sciences and education and the CRC Press imprint for its publishing in science, technology and mathematics. In 2017, T&F sold assets from its Garland Science imprint to W. W. Norton & Company and ceased to use that brand. Although considered the smallest of the'Big Four' STEM publishers, its Routledge imprint is claimed to be the largest global academic publisher within humanities and social sciences.
The company's journals have been delivered through the Taylor & Francis Online website since June 2011. Prior to that they were provided through the Informaworld website. Taylor & Francis ebooks are now available via the TaylorFrancis website. Taylor & Francis operates a number of Web services for its digital content including Routledge Handbooks Online, the Routledge Performance Archive, Secret Intelligence Files and Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism. Taylor & Francis offers Open Access publishing options in both its books and journals divisions and through its Cogent Open Access journals imprint. Taylor & Francis is a member of several professional publishing bodies including the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association, the International Association of Scientific and Medical Publishers, the Association of Learned & Professional Society Publishers and The Publishers Association. In 2017, after collaborating for several years, T&F purchased specialist digital resources company Colwiz.
The group has 1,800 employees located in at least 18 offices worldwide. Its head office is based in Milton Park, Abingdon in the United Kingdom, with other offices in Stockholm, New York, Boca Raton, Kentucky, Kuala Lumpur, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Melbourne, Cape Town and New Delhi; the old Taylor and Francis logo depicts a hand pouring oil into a lit lamp, along with the Latin phrase "alere flammam" - to feed the flame. The modern logo is a stylised oil lamp in a circle. In 2013, the entire board of the Journal of Library Administration resigned in a dispute over author licensing agreements. In 2016 Critical Reviews in Toxicology was accused of being a "broker of junk science" by the Center for Public Integrity. Monsanto was found to have worked with an outside consulting firm to induce the journal to publish a biased review of the health effects of its product "Roundup". In 2017, Taylor & Francis was criticized for getting rid of the editor-in-chief of International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, who accepted articles critical of corporate interests.
The company replaced the editor with a corporate consultant without consulting the editorial board. The journal Cogent Social Sciences accepted a hoax article, "The conceptual penis as a social construct", rejected by another Taylor & Francis journal, NORMA: International Journal for Masculinity Studies; when the authors announced the hoax, the article was retracted. In December 2018, the journal Dynamical Systems accepted the paper Saturation of Generalized Partially Hyperbolic Attractors only to have it retracted after publication due to the Iranian nationality of the authors; the European Mathematical Society condemned the retraction and announced that Taylor & Francis had agreed to reverse the decision. Previous instances of Taylor & Francis journals discriminating against Iranian authors were reported in 2013. Taylor & Francis academic journals Munroe, Mary H.. "Taylor & Francis". The Academic Publishing Industry: A Story of Merger and Acquisition. Northern Illinois University Libraries. Archived from the original on 2012-05-04.
Retrieved 2008-06-20. Brock, W. H. & Meadows, A. J.. The Lamp Of Learning: Taylor & Francis And Two Centuries Of Publishing. Taylor & Francis. Official website Taylor & Francis online journals and reference works Taylor & Francis eBooks Informa Divisions - Academic Publishing