The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Meet John Doe
Meet John Doe is a 1941 American comedy-drama film directed and produced by Frank Capra, starring Gary Cooper and Barbara Stanwyck. The film is about a "grassroots" political campaign created unwittingly by a newspaper columnist with the involvement of a hired homeless man and pursued by the paper's wealthy owner, it became a box office was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Story. It was ranked #49 in AFI's 100 Years... 100 Cheers. In 1969, the film entered the public domain in the United States because the claimants did not renew its copyright registration in the 28th year after publication, it was the first of two features Capra made for Warner Brothers. His second film for Warners was an adaptation of the Broadway play Arsenic and Old Lace and was filmed in 1941 but not released until 1944 because the producers of the play wouldn't allow the film to be shown until the production closed. Infuriated at being told to write one final column after being laid off from her newspaper job, Ann Mitchell prints a letter from a fictional unemployed "John Doe" threatening suicide on Christmas Eve in protest of society's ills.
When the letter causes a sensation among readers, the paper's competition suspects a fraud and starts to investigate, editor Henry Connell is persuaded to rehire Ann, who schemes to boost the newspaper's sales by exploiting the fictional John Doe. From a number of derelicts who show up at the paper claiming to have written the original letter and Henry hire John Willoughby, a former baseball player and tramp in need of money to repair his injured arm, to play the role of John Doe. Ann starts to pen a series of articles in Doe's name, elaborating on the original letter's ideas of society's disregard for people in need. Willoughby gets $50, a new suit of clothes, a plush hotel suite with his tramp friend "The Colonel", who launches into an extended diatribe against "the heelots", lots of heels who incessantly focus on getting money from others. Proposing to take Doe national via the radio, Ann is given $100 a week by the newspaper's publisher, D. B. Norton, to write radio speeches for Willoughby.
Meanwhile, John is offered a $5,000 bribe from a rival newspaper to admit the whole thing was a publicity stunt, but turns it down and delivers the speech Ann has written for him instead. Afterward, feeling conflicted, he runs away, riding the rails with the Colonel until they reach Millsville. "John Doe" is recognized at a diner and brought to City Hall, where he's met by Bert Hanson, who explains how he was inspired by Doe's words to start a "John Doe club" with his neighbors. The John Doe philosophy spreads across the country, developing into a broad grassroots movement whose simple slogan is, "Be a better neighbor". However, Norton secretly plans to channel support for Doe into support for his own national political ambitions; when a John Doe rally is scheduled, with John Doe clubs from throughout the country in attendance, Norton instructs Mitchell to write a speech for Willoughby in which he announces the foundation of a new political party and endorses Norton as its presidential candidate.
On the night of the rally, who has come to believe in the John Doe philosophy himself, learns of Norton's treachery from a drunken Henry. He denounces Norton and tries to expose the plot at the rally, but Norton speaks first, exposing Doe as a fake and claiming to have been deceived, like everyone else, by the staff of the newspaper. Despondent at letting his now-angry followers down, John plans to commit suicide by jumping from the roof of the City Hall on Christmas Eve, as indicated in the original John Doe letter. Ann, who has fallen in love with John tries to talk him out of jumping, Hanson and his neighbors tell him of their plan to restart their John Doe club. Convinced not to kill himself, John leaves, carrying a fainted Ann in his arms, Henry turns to Norton and says, "There you are, Norton! The people! Try and lick that!" The film was screenwriter Robert Riskin's last collaboration with Capra. The screenplay was derived from a 1939 film treatment, titled "The Life and Death of John Doe", written by Richard Connell and Robert Presnell who would go on to be the recipients of the film's sole Academy Award nomination for Best Original Story.
The treatment was based upon Connell's 1922 Century Magazine story titled "A Reputation". Gary Cooper was always Frank Capra's first choice to play John Doe. Cooper had agreed to the part without reading a script for two reasons: he had enjoyed working with Capra on their earlier collaboration, Mr. Deeds Goes to Town, he wanted to work with Barbara Stanwyck; the role of the hardbitten news reporter, was offered to Ann Sheridan, but the first choice for the role had been turned down by Warner Bros. due to a contract dispute, Olivia de Havilland was contacted, albeit unsuccessfully. The composer selected was frequent Capra collaborator Dimitri Tiomkin, who did the scores for Capra's Mr. Smith Goes to Washington and It's a Wonderful Life, he won two music Oscars for the non-Capra film High Noon. Bosley Crowther, the film critic for The New York Times noted that John Willoughby was just the latest of the everyman that Frank Capra had portrayed in earlier films. Crowther wrote: With an excellent script by Mr. Riskin—overwritten in many spots, it is true—Mr.
Capra has produced a film, eloquent with affection for gentle people, for the plain, unimpressive little people who want reassurance and faith. Many of his camera devices are magnificent in the scope of their suggestion, always he tells his story well, with his customary expert spacing of comedy and serious drama. Only space prevents us from enthusing loudly abo
Lost Horizon (1937 film)
Lost Horizon is a 1937 American drama-fantasy film directed by Frank Capra. The screenplay by Robert Riskin is based on the 1933 novel of the same name by James Hilton; the film exceeded its original budget by more than $776,000 and took five years to earn back its cost. The serious financial crisis it created for Columbia Pictures damaged the partnership between Capra and studio head Harry Cohn, as well as the friendship between Capra and Riskin. In 2016, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant", it is 1935. Before returning to England to become the new Foreign Secretary, writer and diplomat Robert Conway has one last task in China — to rescue 90 westerners in the city of Baskul, he flies out with the last few evacuees, just ahead of armed revolutionaries. Unbeknownst to the passengers, the pilot has been replaced and their aircraft hijacked, it runs out of fuel and crashes deep in the Himalayas, killing their abductor.
The group is rescued by Chang and his men and taken to Shangri-La, an idyllic valley sheltered from the bitter cold. The contented inhabitants are led by the mysterious High Lama. Anxious to return to civilization, most of the newcomers grow to love Shangri-La, including paleontologist Alexander Lovett, swindler Henry Barnard, bitter, terminally-ill Gloria Stone, who miraculously seems to be recovering. Conway is enchanted when he meets Sondra, who has grown up in Shangri-La. However, Conway's younger brother George, Maria, another beautiful young woman they find there, are determined to leave. Conway has an audience with the High Lama and learns that his arrival was no accident; the founder of Shangri-La is said to be two hundred years old, like the other residents, by the magical properties of the paradise he has created, but is dying and needs someone wise and knowledgeable in the ways of the modern world to keep it safe. Having read Conway's writings, Sondra believed; the old man names Conway as his successor and peacefully passes away.
George is supported by Maria. Uncertain and torn between love and loyalty, Conway reluctantly gives in to his brother and they leave, taking Maria with them, despite being warned that she is much older than she appears. After several days of grueling travel, she falls face down in the snow; when they turn Maria over, they discover that she had become old and died, as her departure from Shangri-La had accelerated her physical aging, revealing her true age. Horrified, George jumps to his death. Conway continues on and ends up in a Chinese mission where a search party is sent to find him; the ordeal has caused him to lose his memory of Shangri-La. On the voyage back to England, he starts remembering everything; the searchers are unable to follow him any further. Conway succeeds in returning to Shangri-La. Frank Capra had read the James Hilton novel while filming It Happened One Night, he intended to make Lost Horizon his next project; when Ronald Colman, his first and only choice for the role of Robert Conway, proved to be unavailable, Capra decided to wait and made Mr. Deeds Goes to Town instead.
Harry Cohn authorized a budget of $1.25 million for the film, the largest amount allocated to a project up to that time. According to a 1986 Variety interview with Frank Capra, Jr. his father had wanted to shoot the film in color, but because the only suitable stock footage he intended to incorporate into the film, such as scenes from a documentary about the Himalayas, was in black and white, he was forced to change his plans. In 1985, Capra, Sr. claimed the decision to film in black and white was made because three-strip Technicolor was new and expensive, the studio was unwilling to increase the film's budget so he could utilize it. Another issue was that of casting the part of the High Lama. After a screen test of 56-year-old retired stage actor A. E. Anson, Capra decided that he was just right for the part, he made a call to the actor's home, the housekeeper who answered the phone was told to relay the message to Anson that the part was his. Not long after, the housekeeper called back telling Capra that when Anson heard the news, he had a heart attack and died.
Subsequently, Capra offered the part to 58-year-old Henry B. Walthall, he died. To play it safer age-wise, Capra cast Sam Jaffe, just 45. From the beginning, Capra ran into difficulties. Principal photography began on March 23, 1936, by the time it was completed on July 17, the director had spent $1.6 million. Contributing to the added expenses was the filming of snow scenes and aircraft interiors at the Los Angeles Ice and Cold Storage Warehouse, where the low temperature affected the equipment and caused lengthy delays; the Streamline Moderne sets representing Shangri-La, designed by Stephen Goosson, had been constructed adjacent to Hollywood Way, a busy thoroughfare by day, which necessitated filming at night and added to overtime expenses. Many exteriors were filmed on location in Palm Springs, Lucerne Valley, the Ojai Valley, the Mojave Desert, the Sierra Nevada Mountains, in what is now Westlake Village, adding the cost of transporting cast and equipment to the swelling budget. Capra used multiple cameras to cover
Integrated Authority File
The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues. It is used for documentation in libraries and also by archives and museums; the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero licence; the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements. It comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format; the Integrated Authority File became operational in April 2012 and integrates the content of the following authority files, which have since been discontinued: Name Authority File Corporate Bodies Authority File Subject Headings Authority File Uniform Title File of the Deutsches Musikarchiv At the time of its introduction on 5 April 2012, the GND held 9,493,860 files, including 2,650,000 personalised names.
There are seven main types of GND entities: LIBRIS Virtual International Authority File Information pages about the GND from the German National Library Search via OGND Bereitstellung des ersten GND-Grundbestandes DNB, 19 April 2012 From Authority Control to Linked Authority Data Presentation given by Reinhold Heuvelmann to the ALA MARC Formats Interest Group, June 2012
The Little Foxes (film)
The Little Foxes is an American drama film directed by William Wyler. The screenplay by Lillian Hellman is based on her 1939 play The Little Foxes. Hellman's ex-husband Arthur Kober, Dorothy Parker and her husband Alan Campbell contributed additional scenes and dialogue. Southern aristocrat Regina Hubbard Giddens struggles for wealth and freedom within the confines of an early 20th-century society where a father considered only sons as legal heirs; as a result, her avaricious brothers and Oscar, are independently wealthy, while she must rely for financial support upon her sickly husband Horace, away undergoing treatment for a severe heart condition. Oscar, having married and maligned the sweet-souled, now hopelessly alcoholic Birdie to acquire her family's plantation and its cotton fields, now wants to join forces with Benjamin to construct a cotton mill, they approach their sister with their need for an additional $75,000 to invest in the project. Oscar proposes a marriage between his son Leo and Regina's daughter Alexandra – first cousins – as a means of getting Horace's money.
When Regina asks Horace outright for the money, he refuses. She tells him his refusal is not important since he will die soon and she is eagerly waiting for that day to come. Alexandra is distraught, she comforts her father after Regina leaves the room. Ben and Oscar, aware of Horace's refusal, pressure Leo into stealing Horace's railroad bonds from his personal security box at the bank to complete the sum needed to construct the mill. After returning home from an impromptu trip to his security box at the bank, Horace informs Regina of the theft of his bonds. Regina, realizing her two brothers stole the bonds through Leo, who works at the bank, schemes to acquire a larger share of the mill by blackmailing her brothers about their theft. Horace states he is changing his will to leave Alexandra everything except the railroad bonds which, he will claim, he lent to Leo; this story will thwart any attempt by Regina to blackmail her brothers over their theft and will deny her any claim to an ownership stake in the mill.
Alexandra is rescued from a larger misfortune, that of marrying the repugnant Leo, by Birdie, the only person able to do so, who wills herself the courage to tell the younger woman not to marry the wrong man, lest she bear the consequences for the rest of her life. Oscar overhears part of the conversation and, after Alexandra is out of earshot, slaps Birdie hard. Regina argues with Horace about her contempt for him. Horace collapses on the way up; the final scenes of the film involve a dying Horace surrounded by family, a doctor and servants who await the chance he may survive. Horace dies, leaving no one to contradict Regina if she accuses her brothers of theft, she thus blackmails her brothers, demanding that she be given 75% ownership of the mill business, they are left with no choice but to accept her demands. Alexandra hears this conversation. Regina denies any wrongdoing. Alexandra states the importance of not idly watching people do evil, Regina tells her daughter that she cannot do anything to stop her from leaving the household, while hoping that she stays.
Alexandra runs away with newspaperman David. Regina is left wealthy, but alone; the title comes from Chapter 2, Verse 15 in the Song of Solomon in the King James version of the Bible, which reads, "Take us the foxes, the little foxes, that spoil the vines: for our vines have tender grapes." The same passage inspired the title of an unrelated film, Our Vines Have Tender Grapes. Tallulah Bankhead had received critical acclaim for her performance in the 1939 Broadway production of Hellman's play, but director William Wyler, who had teamed with Bette Davis on Jezebel and The Letter, insisted on casting her in the lead role instead. Producer Samuel Goldwyn agreed. However, Davis was reluctant: "On The Little Foxes I begged the producer, Samuel Goldwyn, to let Tallulah Bankhead play Regina because Tallulah was magnificent on the stage, he wouldn't let her." Jack L. Warner refused to lend Davis to Goldwyn, who offered the role to Miriam Hopkins; when Wyler refused to work with her, Goldwyn resumed negotiations with Warner and secured Davis for $385,000.
As a contract player at Warner Bros. Davis was earning $3,000 a week, when she discovered how much Warner had received for her appearance in Foxes, she demanded and received a share of the payment. Wyler encouraged Davis to see Bankhead in the original play, she regretted doing so because after watching Bankhead's performance and reading Hellman's screenplay she felt compelled to create a different interpretation of the role, one she didn't feel suited the character. Bankhead had portrayed Regina as a victim forced to fight for her survival due to the contempt with which her brothers treated her, but Davis played her as a cold, calculating woman wearing a death mask of white powder she insisted makeup artist Perc Westmore create for her. In her autobiography, A Lonely Life, Davis gave a diff
Mr. Deeds Goes to Town
Mr. Deeds Goes to Town is a 1936 American romantic comedy film directed by Frank Capra, starring Gary Cooper and Jean Arthur in her first featured role. Based on the 1935 short story Opera Hat by Clarence Budington Kelland, which appeared in serial form in The American Magazine, the screenplay was written by Robert Riskin in his fifth collaboration with Frank Capra. During the Great Depression, Longfellow Deeds, the co-owner of a tallow works, part-time greeting card poet, tuba-playing inhabitant of the hamlet of Mandrake Falls, inherits 20 million dollars from his late uncle, Martin Semple. Semple's scheming attorney, John Cedar, takes him to New York City. Cedar gives his cynical troubleshooter, ex-newspaperman Cornelius Cobb, the task of keeping reporters away from Deeds. Cobb is outfoxed, however, by star reporter Louise "Babe" Bennett, who appeals to Deeds' romantic fantasy of rescuing a damsel in distress by masquerading as a poor worker named Mary Dawson, she pretends to faint from exhaustion after "walking all day to find a job" and worms her way into his confidence.
Bennett proceeds to write a series of enormously popular articles mocking Longfellow's hick ways and odd behavior, giving him the nickname "Cinderella Man". Cedar tries to get Deeds' power of attorney. Deeds, proves to be a shrewd judge of character fending off Cedar and other greedy opportunists, he wins Cobb's wholehearted respect and Babe's love. She quits her job in shame, but before she can tell Deeds the truth about herself, Cobb finds it out and tells Deeds. Deeds is left heartbroken, and, in disgust, he decides to return to Mandrake Falls. After he has packed and is about to leave, a dispossessed farmer stomps into his mansion and threatens him with a gun, he expresses his scorn for the heartless, ultra-rich man, who will not lift a finger to help the multitudes of desperate poor. After the intruder comes to his senses, Deeds realizes, he decides to provide equipped 10-acre farms free to thousands of homeless families if they will work the land for three years. Alarmed at the prospect of losing control of the fortune, Cedar joins forces with Deeds' only other relative Semple in seeking to have Deeds declared mentally incompetent.
Along with Babe's betrayal, this breaks Deeds' spirit, he sinks into a deep depression. A sanity hearing is scheduled to determine. During the hearing, Cedar calls an expert who diagnoses manic depression based on Babe's articles and Deeds' current behavior. Deeds is too depressed to defend himself and the situation looks bleak when Babe speaks up passionately on his behalf, castigating herself for what she did to him; when he realizes that she loves him, he begins speaking, systematically punching holes in Cedar's case—when he asks the Faulkners who else is pixilated, they reply, "Why everyone, but us"—before punching Cedar in the face. In the end the judge declares him to be "the sanest man who walked into this courtroom." Frank Capra intended to make Lost Horizon after Broadway Bill, but lead actor Ronald Colman couldn't get out of his other filming commitments. So Capra began adapting; the two main cast members, Gary Cooper as Longfellow Deeds and Jean Arthur as Louise "Babe" Bennett/Mary Dawson, were cast as production began.
Capra's "first and only choice" for the pivotal role of the eccentric Longfellow Deeds was Gary Cooper. Due to his other film commitments, production was delayed six months before Cooper was available, incurring costs of $100,000 for the delay in filming. Arthur was not the first choice for the role, but Carole Lombard, the original female lead, quit the film just three days before principal photography, in favor of a starring role in My Man Godfrey; the first scenes shot on the Fox Studios' New England street lot were in place before Capra found his replacement heroine in a rush screening. The opening sequences had to be reshot when Capra decided against the broad comedy approach, written. Despite his penchant for coming in "under budget", Capra spent an additional five shooting days in multiple takes, testing angles and "new" perspectives, treating the production as a type of workshop exercise. Due to the increased shooting schedule, the film came in at $38,936 more than the Columbia budget for a total of $806,774.
Throughout the pre-production and the early principal photography, the project still retained Kelland's original title, Opera Hat, although Capra tried out some other titles including A Gentleman Goes to Town and Cinderella Man before settling on a name, the winning entry in a contest held by the Columbia Pictures publicity department. The film was treated as likable fare by critics and audiences alike. Novelist Graham Greene also a film critic, was effusive that this was Capra's finest film to date, describing Capra's treatment as "a kinship with his audience, a sense of common life, a morality". Variety noted "a sometimes too thin structure the players and director Frank Capra have contrived to convert... into sturdy substance". This was the first Capra film to be released separately to exhibitors and not "bundled" with other Columbia features. On paper, it was his biggest hit surpassing It Happened One Night, it was the 7th most popular film at th
Woodland Hills, Los Angeles
Woodland Hills is a neighborhood bordering the Santa Monica Mountains in the San Fernando Valley region of the city of Los Angeles, California. Woodland Hills is in the southwestern region of the San Fernando Valley, located east of Calabasas and west of Tarzana. On the north it is bordered by West Hills, Canoga Park, Winnetka, on the south by the Santa Monica mountains; some neighborhoods are in the foothills of the Santa Monica Mountains. Running east–west through the community are U. S. Route 101 and Ventura Boulevard, whose western terminus is at Valley Circle Boulevard in Woodland Hills; the area was inhabited for 8,000 years by Native Americans of the Fernandeño-Tataviam and Chumash-Venturaño tribes that lived in the Santa Monica Mountains and Simi Hills and close to the Arroyo Calabasas tributary of the Los Angeles River in present-day Woodland Hills. The first Europeans to enter the San Fernando Valley were the Portola Expedition in 1769, exploring'Alta California' for Spanish missions and settlements locations.
Seeing it from present-day Sepulveda Pass, the oak savanna inspired them to call the area El Valle de Santa Catalina de Bononia de Los Encinos. The Mission San Fernando Rey de España was established in 1797 and controlled the Valley's land, including future Woodland Hills. Ownership of the southern half of the valley, south of present-day Roscoe Boulevard from Toluca Lake to Woodland Hills, by Americans began in the 1860s. First Isaac Lankershim in 1869 Isaac Lankershim's son, James Boon Lankershim, Isaac Newton Van Nuys in 1873, in the "biggest land transaction recorded in Los Angeles County" a syndicate led by Harry Chandler of the Los Angeles Times with Hobart Johnstone Whitley, Gen. Moses Sherman and others in 1910. Victor Girard Kleinberger bought 2,886 acres in the area from Chandler's group and founded the town of Girard in 1922, he sought to attract residents and businesses by developing an infrastructure, advertising in newspapers, planting 120,000 trees. His 300 pepper trees formed a canopy over Canoga Ave. between Ventura Boulevard and Saltillo St. became Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument #93 in 1972.
The community of Girard was incorporated into Los Angeles, in 1945 it became known as Woodland Hills. Woodland Hills has a subtropical mediterranean climate. Within the San Fernando Valley, Woodland Hills experiences some of the more extreme temperature changes season to season than other regions. During the summer, temperatures are very hot, while during the winter, overnight temperatures are among the coldest of the region. On July 22, 2006, Woodland Hills recorded the highest temperature in Los Angeles County, hitting 119 °F at Pierce College; the climate is classified as a Csa in the Köppen climate classification, characterized by mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. This climate is referred to as mediterranean. Precipitation in Woodland Hills averages much the same as most other regions of the west San Fernando Valley, although somewhat higher amounts of rainfall occur in the surrounding hills. In 2008 the population of Woodland Hills was 63,000; the median age in 2000 was 40, considered old when compared to other county jurisdictions.
As of the 2000 census, according to the Los Angeles Almanac, there were 67,006 people and 29,119 households residing in Woodland Hills. The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 79.90% White, 6.97% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 3.34% African American, 0.33% Native American, 4.80% from other races, 4.52% from two or more races. 11.94% of the population were Hispanic of any race. In population, it is one of the least dense neighborhoods in Los Angeles, the percentage of white people is high for the county; the percentage of residents 25 and older with four-year college degrees is 47.0%, high for both the city and the county. The percentage of veterans, 10.7% of the population, was high for the city of Los Angeles and high for the county overall. The percentage of veterans who served during World War II or Korea was among the county's highest; the 2008 Los Angeles Times's "Mapping L. A." project supplied these Woodland Hills neighborhood statistics: population: 59,661. The Times said the latter figure was "high for the city of Los Angeles and high for the county."
Woodland Hills Warner Center Neighborhood Council is the local elected advisory body to the city of Los Angeles representing stakeholders in the Woodland Hills and Warner Center areas. Los Angeles Fire Department Station 84 and Station 105 serve the community; the Los Angeles Police Department operates the newly built Topanga Division station in Canoga Park which provides service to the Woodland Hills area. The United States Postal Service Woodland Hills Post Office is located at 6101 Owensmouth Ave; the community's postal codes are 91364, 91365, 91367. Woodland Hills is represented in the United States Senate by California's Senators Dianne Feinstein and Kamala Harris. Woodland Hills is located within California's 30th congressional district represented by Democrat Brad Sherman. Woodland Hills is within California's 45th State Assembly district represented by Democrat Jesse Gabriel and California's 27th State Senate district represented by Democrat Henry Stern. Woodland Hills is located within Los Angeles City Council District 3 represented by Bob Blumenfield.
Public schools serving Woodland Hills are under the jurisdiction the Los