Andrew J. McShane
Andrew James McShane was mayor of New Orleans from 1920 to 1925. McShane was born in New Orleans, the son of two Irish-American Catholics, Bernard McShane and Rose McShane. After his father died, he entered the hide business at the age of nine, working his way through the ranks as a travelling salesman before becoming sole owner of his firm at the age of twenty-one, his business was successful. He married Agnes Bruns of New Orleans in 1918. McShane was involved in New Orleans politics throughout his adult life, he was associated with the reform-oriented groups that were opposed to the machine politics of the Regular Democratic Organization, or Old Regulars. He held posts in the administrations of reform mayors Walter Paul Capdevielle. McShane lost. In the election of 1920, McShane was the mayoral nominee of the reform-oriented Orleans Democratic Organization; the endorsement of reform governor John M. Parker helped him narrowly defeat the incumbent Old Regular mayor, Martin Behrman. Despite the reform promises of the new administration, McShane was able to achieve little.
He and his administration were hampered by inexperience at city government and by dissension between various factions of his supporters. He was able to improve garbage collection, reform the Department of Public Works and the city's finances, create a system of one-way streets to improve traffic flow. McShane was soundly defeated by former mayor Martin Behrman. After his defeat, the Old Regulars would continue to control the city until 1946. McShane Place, a block-long street connecting Rampart Street and St. Claude Avenue, is named after him. Biographical Dictionary of American Mayors, 1820-1980. Greenwood Press, 1981. New Orleans Public Library, Louisiana Division. "Administration of Andrew J. McShane." Administrations of the Mayor's of New Orleans: McShane at nutrias.org
John Fitzpatrick (mayor)
John Fitzpatrick was an Irish-American mayor of New Orleans from April 25, 1892 to April 27, 1896. His great-great-granddaughter is comedian Tig Notaro; the Fitzpatrick Administration
Nicolas Girod or Nicholas Girod was the fifth mayor of New Orleans, from late in 1812 to September 4, 1815. Born in Cluses, he presided over the then-Francophone city during the 1814-15 British invasion. Nicolas Girod was the mayor of New Orleans from 1812-1815. Born in French Savoy, he migrated to Spanish Louisiana in the late 1770s with brother Claude François [1752-1813) and brother-in-law Andre Quetand and was joined by brother Jean François, he prospered as a commission merchant and owner of extensive property in New Orleans in the American quarter. The war of 1812 limited his hopes for material growth of the city, he resigned office September 1815 to salvage his waning personal finances. He never had no children. Nicolas Girod was in a predominantly Catholic city, he was the first regularly-elected mayor of New Orleans after Louisiana's admission to the Union. He was elected on September 21, 1812. Girod took office on November 5 of that year and served until September 4, 1814. Girod was a member of a prominent family who owned considerable interests in shipping and mercantile enterprises.
He was one of three brothers with brother-in-law Andre Quetand who conducted commercial enterprises with area planters in what was known as the commission or factorage business. The Girods kept a wholesale and retail store in the vicinity of the levee landing, which in years was transferred to the building at the corner of Chartres and St. Louis streets, he owned a large number of properties in the area of today's Central Business District, in the vicinity of Girod Street. New Orleans was full of excitement in the spring of 1821 when Girod remodeled and furnished the house on Chartres Street, that he inherited from Cluade Francois Girod, in readiness for Napoleon Bonaparte; the ship Seraphine was being outfitted for a secret voyage by Commander Bossier and Dominique You, Nicolas Girod was one of the sponsors of the plan to rescue Napoleon from his exile in Saint Helena. A residence was established for Napoleon at Chartres and St Louis streets by Nicholas Girod, the ship "Seraphine" was built and equipped with the object of rescuing Napoleon from St. Helena.
Under command of Capt. Bossier and Dominique You, the expedition set sail with this purpose, but returned when signalled by a French merchantman that Napoleon had died May 5, 1821. Girod was quite a philanthropist. Among other provisions in his 1837 holographic will, he left a bon of $100,000 to be applied to the construction of a facility in Orleans Parish for the housing and care of Louisiana's French orphans. Other institutions and individuals were recipients under this will, including Charity Hospital, $30,000. Nicolas Girod died on September 1, 1840, at his home located on the corner of Chartres and St. Louis streets, his former residence in the French Quarter is now known as the Napoleon House. Both New Orleans and Mandeville, have a Girod Street, named in Nicolas Girod's honor. Battle of New Orleans Napoleon House Girod Street Cemetery Girod administration at New Orleans Public Library website, transcription from a 1940 WPA compilation Nicolas Girod at Find a Grave
Benjamin Franklin Flanders was a teacher and planter in New Orleans, Louisiana. In 1867, he was appointed by the military commander as the 21st Governor of Louisiana during Reconstruction, a position which he held for some six months, he is the last Republican mayor of New Orleans, Louisiana. Flanders was born in New Hampshire. At the age of twenty-six, he graduated from Dartmouth College in New Hampshire. In January 1843 he read law under Charles M. Emerson; the following year he left this study to become a principal. In 1845, Flanders became editor of a local newspaper. In 1847 he married Susan H. Sawyer in New Hampshire, she returned with him to New Orleans. Flanders became active in politics, elected as a Democratic alderman representing the 3rd Municipal District of New Orleans, serving from 1847 to 1852. In 1852, he was selected as the secretary and treasurer of the New Orleans and Great Western Railroad, a position he held until 1862. In 1861, he fled New Orleans, he had opposed secession, sentiment against Unionists was strong.
Flanders made his way to Illinois. He did not return to New Orleans until April 1862. On July 20, he was appointed by the military government as New Orleans City Treasurer, he served until his election to Congress on December 12, 1862. He was elected along with Michael Hahn as at-large Representatives of Louisiana, defeating independent incumbent J. E. Bouligny. Flanders and Hahn were not seated in Congress until the last fifteen days of their terms in February 1863. On July 13, 1863, Flanders was made the Captain of Company C, 5th Regiment Louisiana Volunteers, a Union Army unit, he was honorably discharged in August 1863, when he was appointed a Special Agent of the United States Treasury Department of the Southern Region by Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase, he held this position until 1866. While in office, he generated commissions for the government by selling confiscated cotton from Confederate plantations; the Department of Treasury controlled licensing of cotton brokers, trying to regulate the market, but a black market flourished for the lucrative sale of cotton.
In 1864, Flanders campaigned for governor and finished in third place behind Michael Hahn and Fellows. He was appointed by Republicans as the first Supervising Special Agent of the Freedmen’s Bureau, Department of the Gulf. At the same time, he led the movement to create a local Republican Party in Louisiana, he formed the'Friends of Universal Suffrage' with other Louisiana Unionists, as well as free men of color and freedmen. These laws had been passed to control the movement of freedmen. Fearful of the black majority in many Louisiana districts, most white Democrats opposed giving freedmen suffrage after Confederate veterans were temporarily disenfranchised unless they took a loyalty oath; the tension over the rights of freed slaves escalated into New Orleans riot of 1866, in which whites attacked blacks. In 1867, General Philip Sheridan, Commander of the 5th Military District, which included Louisiana and Texas, removed elected Governor James Madison Wells for not responding to the riots appropriately and for not advancing the rights of freedmen.
Sheridan appointed Flanders as Governor of Louisiana. About six months on January 1, 1868, Major General Winfield Scott Hancock, as the new military commander of Louisiana, removed all radical Republicans from state offices. Governor Flanders resigned on January 8 and was replaced by General Hancock's appointee, Joshua Baker. In 1870, Governor Henry C. Warmoth, elected as part of the Reconstruction-era civil government, appointed Flanders as Mayor of New Orleans; as of 2018, Flanders remains the most recent Republican mayor of the city. He was elected to a full two-year mayoral term, serving until 1873; that year President Ulysses S. Grant appointed Flanders as Assistant Treasurer of the United States. Flanders ran unsuccessfully in 1888 as a Republican candidate for Louisiana State Treasurer. Flanders retired to his Ben Alva plantation in Lafayette Parish, he died there in 1896. His remains were interred at Metairie Cemetery in New Orleans. Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress National Governor's Association biography State of Louisiana - Biography
Edward Pilsbury was the 38th mayor of New Orleans. Administrations of the Mayors of New Orleans - Edward Pilsbury, New Orleans Public Library
Louis A. Wiltz
Louis Alfred Wiltz was an American politician from the state of Louisiana. He served as 29th Governor of Louisiana from 1880 to 1881 and before that time was mayor of New Orleans, lieutenant governor of Louisiana, a member of the Louisiana House of Representatives. Wiltz was born on January 21, 1843 in New Orleans to J. B. Theophile Wiltz and the former Louise Irene Villanueva, his paternal family were among the first German settlers in Louisiana and his mother came from a noble Spanish family, her father coming to Louisiana with the Spanish Army. He attended public school until the age of 15, when he began work with Company. After the company failed, Wiltz became the clerk for the Second District Court of Louisiana. With the outbreak of the American Civil War, Wiltz joined the Confederate States Army as a private but rose to the rank of captain. In 1863, Wiltz married Miss Bienvinue of the seat of St. Martin Parish, they had one son. In 1868, Wiltz was elected to the Louisiana House of Representatives and the New Orleans School Board.
In 1872, he was elected mayor but could not take office until January 1873 because of the refusal of the Republican mayor to vacate the office. In addition to serving two years as mayor, Wiltz was once again elected to the Louisiana House of Representatives and served as lieutenant governor, he was succeeded by E. D. Estilette. With the implementation of the new Louisiana state constitution of 1879, the gubernatorial term of Francis T. Nicholls was cut short by one year. An election was held in 1879, Louis Wiltz defeated his Republican opponent. Wiltz’s term as governor was one rife with corruption; the corrupt Louisiana Lottery continued to have influence over the state legislature. The state treasurer, Edward A. Burke, embezzled state funds while the public schools were neglected, black disenfranchisement continued. Wiltz died of tuberculosis while in office on October 1881, in New Orleans. Lieutenant Governor Samuel D. McEnery, a fellow Democrat, succeeded Wiltz. State of Louisiana – Biography Kendall's History of New Orleans, Chapter 22: Wiltz New Orleans Public Library page Works by Louis A. Wiltz at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Louis A. Wiltz at Internet Archive
Charles M. Waterman (New Orleans)
Charles M. Waterman was the 17th mayor of New Orleans. Waterman was nominated for mayor in 1856 as the Know Nothing Party candidate when he was about 47 years of age; the New Orleans City Council impeached and removed Waterman from office on 3 June 1858. Henry M. Summers was appointed interim mayor. Waterman disappeared mysteriously in June 1860 committing suicide by jumping the Mississippi River. Administrations of the Mayors of New Orleans, Charles M. Waterman, Louisiana Division, New Orleans Public Library