2010 United States Census
The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010; the census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired; the population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000; as required by the United States Constitution, the U. S. census has been conducted every 10 years since 1790. The 2000 U. S. Census was the previous census completed. Participation in the U. S. Census is required by law in Title 13 of the United States Code. On January 25, 2010, Census Bureau Director Robert Groves inaugurated the 2010 Census enumeration by counting World War II veteran Clifton Jackson, a resident of Noorvik, Alaska.
More than 120 million census forms were delivered by the U. S. Post Office beginning March 15, 2010; the number of forms mailed out or hand-delivered by the Census Bureau was 134 million on April 1, 2010. Although the questionnaire used April 1, 2010 as the reference date as to where a person was living, an insert dated March 15, 2010 included the following printed in bold type: "Please complete and mail back the enclosed census form today." The 2010 Census national mail participation rate was 74%. From April through July 2010, census takers visited households that did not return a form, an operation called "non-response follow-up". In December 2010, the U. S. Census Bureau delivered population information to the U. S. President for apportionment, in March 2011, complete redistricting data was delivered to states. Identifiable information will be available in 2082; the Census Bureau did not use a long form for the 2010 Census. In several previous censuses, one in six households received this long form, which asked for detailed social and economic information.
The 2010 Census used only a short form asking ten basic questions: How many people were living or staying in this house, apartment, or mobile home on April 1, 2010? Were there any additional people staying here on April 1, 2010 that you did not include in Question 1? Mark all that apply: Is this house, apartment, or mobile home – What is your telephone number? What is Person 1's name? What is Person 1's sex? What is Person 1's age and Person 1's date of birth? Is Person 1 of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin? What is Person 1's race? Does Person 1 sometimes live or stay somewhere else? The form included space to repeat all of these questions for up to twelve residents total. In contrast to the 2000 census, an Internet response option was not offered, nor was the form available for download. Detailed socioeconomic information collected during past censuses will continue to be collected through the American Community Survey; the survey provides data about communities in the United States on a 1-year or 3-year cycle, depending on the size of the community, rather than once every 10 years.
A small percentage of the population on a rotating basis will receive the survey each year, no household will receive it more than once every five years. In June 2009, the U. S. Census Bureau announced. However, the final form did not contain a separate "same-sex married couple" option; when noting the relationship between household members, same-sex couples who are married could mark their spouses as being "Husband or wife", the same response given by opposite-sex married couples. An "unmarried partner" option was available for couples; the 2010 census cost $13 billion $42 per capita. Operational costs were $5.4 billion under the $7 billion budget. In December 2010 the Government Accountability Office noted that the cost of conducting the census has doubled each decade since 1970. In a detailed 2004 report to Congress, the GAO called on the Census Bureau to address cost and design issues, at that time, had estimated the 2010 Census cost to be $11 billion. In August 2010, Commerce Secretary Gary Locke announced that the census operational costs came in under budget.
Locke credited the management practices of Census Bureau director Robert Groves, citing in particular the decision to buy additional advertising in locations where responses lagged, which improved the overall response rate. The agency has begun to rely more on questioning neighbors or other reliable third parties when a person could not be reached at home, which reduced the cost of follow-up visits. Census data for about 22% of U. S. househol
Fort Donelson National Battlefield
Fort Donelson National Battlefield preserves Fort Donelson and Fort Heiman, two sites of the American Civil War Forts Henry and Donelson Campaign, in which Union Army Brigadier General Ulysses S. Grant and Flag Officer Andrew Hull Foote captured three Confederate forts and opened two rivers, the Tennessee River and the Cumberland River, to control by the Union Navy; the commanders received national recognition for their victories in February 1862, as they were the first major Union successes of the war. The capture of Fort Donelson and its garrison by the Union led to the capture of Tennessee's capital and industrial center, which remained in Union hands from February 25, 1862 until the end of the war, gave the Union effective control over much of Tennessee; this struck a major blow to the Confederacy early in the war. The main portion of the park, in Dover, commemorates the Battle of Fort Donelson. Fort Heiman, in nearby Calloway County, was a Confederate battery in the Battle of Fort Henry.
The most vulnerable area in the Confederate defensive line in the Western Theater was the state of Kentucky. The Tennessee and Cumberland rivers were potential avenues for a Union invasion of the South through Kentucky and into Tennessee and beyond. Since Kentucky had declared neutrality, the Confederacy could not build defensive works within the state without risking alienating the local population; the local population in western Kentucky was pro-Confederate. Kentucky's westernmost congressional district elected a secessionist and Lincoln proclaimed it to be in rebellion. Adna Anderson and William F. Foster, two engineers detached from the Confederate 1st Tennessee Infantry, set to work on May 10, 1861, to find suitable ground just inside the Tennessee border to cover the two strategic rivers, they surveyed possible sites along the Cumberland River, noting the high ridges and deep hollows near the Kentucky border. In mid-May, on the west bank of the river not far below Dover, Anderson laid out the water battery of Fort Donelson, twelve miles from the Kentucky line.
The new fort was named in honor of the Confederate General Daniel S. Donelson who, along with Colonel Bushrod Johnson of the Corps of Engineers, approved of the site. Construction was begun by a large force of men brought from the nearby Cumberland Iron Works; the site was established as Fort Donelson National Military Park on March 26, 1928. The national military park and national cemetery were transferred from the War Department to the National Park Service on August 10, 1933; the park was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on October 15, 1966. It was redesignated a national battlefield on August 16, 1985. Public Law 108-367 increased the authorized boundary of the national battlefield from 551.69 acres to 2,000 acres. On October 30, 2006, Calloway County transferred the Fort Heiman site, purchased through the Office of Kentucky Nature Preserves' Kentucky Heritage Land Conservation Fund, to the Park Service. Fort Heiman had been listed on the National Register of Historic Places on December 12, 1976.
The park preserves much of the original battle site, including the river batteries and the eroded remains of the fort, but the area in which the Confederate States Army attacked on February 15, 1862, is in private hands and occupied by residential development. The Cumberland River was dammed in the 1960s, it covers an area similar to the original river while at flood stage, as it was during the battle. The Civil War Trust and its partners have acquired and preserved 368 acres of the battlefield, most of, conveyed to the NPS and incorporated into the battlefield park; the Fort Donelson National Cemetery, at 15.34 acres in Stewart County, contains 670 Union dead, reinterred in 1867. There are numerous veterans from wars; the cemetery is presently unavailable for additional burials. The National Parks: Index 2001-2003. Washington: U. S. Department of the Interior. Gott, Kendall D. Where the South Lost the War: An Analysis of the Fort Henry—Fort Donelson Campaign, February 1862, Stackpole books, 2003, ISBN 0-8117-0049-6.
NPS.gov: official Fort Donelson National Battlefield website GPO.gov: Public Law 108-367 U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Fort Donelson Find a Grave.com: Fort Donelson National Cemetery
Benton County, Tennessee
Benton County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,489, its county seat is Camden. The county was created in December 1835 and organized in 1836. Benton County is located in northwest Tennessee, bordering the western branch of the Tennessee River and 30 miles south of the Kentucky border. Aside from Camden, other major communities include agrarian communities Big Holladay, it is known well in the area for its duck hunting and fishing industries, in the past, was recognized for sorghum production, although it is no longer produced there. Benton County was formed in 1835 from part of Humphreys County, it was named in honor of David Benton, an early settler in the county and a member of the Third Regiment, Tennessee Militia in the Creek War. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 436 square miles, of which 394 square miles is land and 42 square miles is water. Stewart County Houston County Humphreys County Perry County Decatur County Carroll County Henry County Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge Big Sandy Wildlife Management Area Camden Wildlife Management Area Nathan Bedford Forrest State Park Harmon Creek Wildlife Management Area Lick Creek Wildlife Management Area Natchez Trace State Forest Natchez Trace State Park New Hope Wildlife Management Area As of the census of 2000, there were 16,537 people, 6,863 households, 4,886 families residing in the county.
The population density was 42 people per square mile. There were 8,595 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.44% White, 2.10% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.20% from other races, 0.69% from two or more races. 0.95% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 6,863 households out of which 27.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.10% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.80% were non-families. 25.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.82. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.00% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 26.20% from 25 to 44, 27.00% from 45 to 64, 17.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 93.80 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,679, the median income for a family was $32,727. Males had a median income of $29,177 versus $19,038 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,646. About 11.90% of families and 15.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.90% of those under age 18 and 11.70% of those age 65 or over. Of the 16,459 people leaving in Benton County.03 percent are on some form of state advised probation. WRJB-FM 95.9 "Magic 95.9 the Valley" WFWL-AM 1220 "The Station You Grew Up With" WAKQ-FM 105.5 "Today's Best Music with Ace & TJ in the Morning" WTPR-AM 710 "The Greatest Hits of All Time" WTPR-FM 101.7 "The Greatest Hits of All Time" The Camden Chronicle Tennessee Magnet Publications Camden Big Sandy Eva Holladay Post Oak National Register of Historic Places listings in Benton County, Tennessee Benton County, TN Government Web Site Benton County-Camden Chamber of Commerce Benton County Schools Benton County at Curlie TNGenWeb
Montgomery County, Tennessee
Montgomery County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 172,331; the county seat is Clarksville. The county was created in 1836. Montgomery County is included in TN -- KY Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county was named for John Montgomery, a soldier in the American Revolutionary War and an early settler who founded the city of Clarksville. It was organized in 1796 when North Carolina, became a state; the same year, much of the eastern portion of the county was combined with land taken from Sumner County to form Robertson County, Tennessee. Acts of the Tennessee General Assembly had further reduced the county by 1871 to its current size and boundaries. Montgomery County was the site of several early saltpeter mines. Saltpeter is the main ingredient of gunpowder and was obtained by leaching the earth from several local caves. Bellamy Cave, located near Stringtown, still contains the remains of two dozen saltpeter leaching vats, it appeared to have a large operation.
Cooper Creek Cave shows evidence of extensive mining and contains the remains of "many saltpeter hoppers". Both were mined during the War of 1812. Dunbar Cave is reported to have been mined for saltpeter during the Mexican War of 1848, but commercial development has destroyed any evidence of this. Little mining is to have happened here during the Civil War, since the Union Army captured and occupied this part of Tennessee in early 1862. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 544 square miles, of which 539 square miles is land and 4.7 square miles is water. Montgomery County lies in a region of well-developed karst topography. A large cave system is named Dunbar Cave. Dunbar Cave is the centerpiece of Dunbar Cave State Park, which encompasses 110 acres and is one of the most visited units in the Tennessee State Park System. Dunbar Cave was extensively used by prehistoric Indians, who inhabited this area for thousands of years before European encounter. Remains of their cane torches have been found in the cave, archaeologists have excavated numerous artifacts inside the entrance.
During a research trip into the cave on January 15, 2005, Park Ranger Amy Wallace, History professor Joe Douglas, local historian Billyfrank Morrison, Geologist Larry E. Matthews, discovered Indian glyphs on the walls of the cave. Subsequent investigations by archaeologists from the University of Tennessee at Knoxville confirmed that these drawings were left by people of the Mississippian culture, active about 1000-1300 CE; these Indian glyphs were featured for a few years on the tour of the cave. In 2009 Tennessee closed Dunbar Cave to the public because White Nose Syndrome was diagnosed in a bat and they did not want the disease to spread; the above ground portion of the Park is still open to the public. Christian County, Kentucky Todd County, Kentucky Robertson County Cheatham County Dickson County Houston County Stewart County Barnett's Woods State Natural Area Dunbar Cave State Natural Area Dunbar Cave State Park Haynes Bottom Wildlife Management Area Port Royal State Park Shelton Ferry Wildlife Management Area As of the census of 2000, there were 134,768 people, 48,330 households, 35,957 families residing in the county.
The population density was 250 people per square mile. There were 52,167 housing units at an average density of 97 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 73.17% White, 19.18% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 1.82% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 2.18% from other races, 2.91% from two or more races. 5.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 48,330 households out of which 40.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.60% were non-families. 20.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.11. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.40% under the age of 18, 12.30% from 18 to 24, 34.30% from 25 to 44, 17.20% from 45 to 64, 7.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years.
For every 100 females, there were 101.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,981, the median income for a family was $43,023. Males had a median income of $30,696 versus $22,581 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,265. About 7.90% of families and 10.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.70% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over. The County Commission has 21 members, each elected from a single-member district. In addition, voters elect a County Mayor at-large and certain other county-level positions, including the sheriff. County Mayor: Jim Durrett Assessor of Property: Erinne Hester Trustee: Kimberly Wiggins Sheriff: John Fuson Circuit Court Clerk: Cheryl J. Castle County Clerk: Kellie A. Jackson Register of Deeds: Connie Gunnett Highway Supervisor: Robert M. Frost Clarksville National Register of Historic Places listings in Montgomery County, Tennessee Official website Montgomery County, TNGenWeb - free genealogy resources for the county Montgomery County at Curlie
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
Houston County, Tennessee
Houston County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,426, its county seat is Erin. The county was founded in 1871, it was named for Sam Houston. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 207 square miles, of which 200 square miles is land and 6.7 square miles is water. Stewart County - north Montgomery County - northeast Dickson County - east Humphreys County - south Benton County - west State Route 13 State Route 46 State Route 49 State Route 147 State Route 149 State Route 231 State Route 232 As of the census of 2000, there were 8,088 people, 3,216 households, 2,299 families residing in the county; the population density was 40.4 people per square mile. There were 3,901 housing units at an average density of 19.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 94.58% White, 3.31% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.78% from other races, 0.95% from two or more races.
1.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 3,216 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.00% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.50% were non-families. 25.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.92. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 25.60% from 45 to 64, 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $29,968, the median income for a family was $35,395. Males had a median income of $29,528 versus $19,983 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,614.
About 14.30% of families and 18.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.20% of those under age 18 and 20.80% of those age 65 or over. The Board of Commissioners meets at the Houston County Courthouse the third Monday of odd months. County Mayor: James Bridges County Clerk: Robert Brown Administrator of Elections: Annette Pulley Property Assessor: Joy Hooper Register of Deeds: Sherrill Potts Moore County Trustee: Jimmy Lowery County Highway Department Superintendent: George Dew County Circuit Court Clerk: Donna Potts Vincent General Sessions & Juvenile Judge: W. Sidney Vinson Sheriff: Kevin L. Sugg District 1: William C. Agy and Ann Fielder District 2: Randall French and J. Steve Hall District 3: Glenn Baggett and Danny Warren District 4: Charles Darrell Kingsmill and Howard Spurgeon District 5: Lance Uffelman and Vickie Reedy District 6: Joey Brake and Chris Pitts District 7: Brant Lamastus and Tony Hayes Houston County had traditionally been one of the state's most Democratic counties.
Although traditionally Democratic, the county is somewhat conservative on social issues and has been trending Republican. It was part of Tennessee's 8th congressional district, represented by Blue Dog Democrat John S. Tanner, it is now part of Tennessee's 7th congressional district and is represented by Republican Mark E. Green; the county had been among the most Democratic in the state on presidential elections. Prior to 2012, only twice have Democratic candidates failed to carry Houston County at the presidential level. In 1928, Herbert Hoover became the first Republican presidential candidate to carry Houston County, due to anti-Catholic voting against Al Smith in this "Bible Belt" region; the second non-Democrat who carried Houston County was George Wallace of the American Independent Party during the 1968 presidential election, following which Houston County became one of only six Wallace counties to vote for George McGovern against Richard Nixon's 3,000-plus-county landslide of 1972. In the 2008 presidential election, when most other traditionally Democratic counties in the state voted for John McCain, Houston County supported Barack Obama.
That said, the county's vote has been shifting Republican as reflected by Barack Obama's win by more than 2%, the lowest margin among all Democratic presidential candidates who have carried Houston County since its creation. In the 2012 presidential election Mitt Romney became the first Republican in 80 years to win the county. Republican Senator Bob Corker and Republican Representative Marsha Blackburn won the county. Although in all cases it was by a narrower margin than statewide or district wide. Houston County High School - Houston County Adult High School - Erin Elementary School - Tennessee Ridge Elementary School - Houston County Middle School - FM radio: WTPR-FM 101.7 "The Greatest Hits of All Time" Weekly newspaper: Stewart-Houston Times ""Tv Station""Wells Creek Basin Network Erin Tennessee Ridge McKinnon Stewart National Register of Historic Places listings in Houston County, Tennessee History of Houston County, Tennessee 1871 - 1996 - History and Families. Nashville: Turner Publishing Company.
ISBN 1-56311-194-2 Houston County Chamber of Commerce Houston County, TNGenWeb - free genealogy resources for the county "Houston. III. A N. W. county of Tennessee". The A