Hankey is a small town on the confluence of the Klein and Gamtoos rivers in South Africa. It is part of the Kouga Local Municipality of the Sarah Baartman District in the Eastern Cape. Hankey is the Gamtoos Valley's oldest town, it was named after the Rev. William Alers Hankey, an ex-banker and the secretary of the London Missionary Society, he was born in Aberdeen, the natural son of the London banker, Jamaica planter and treasurer of the Foundling Hospital, Thomas Hankey of Fetcham Park, educated, according to his father's 1793 will, at Edinburgh University. Sir Maurice Hankey Lord Hankey, the creator of the modern UK Cabinet Office, was William Alers Hankey's descendant; the purpose of the establishment of the village was to grow mielies and corn for the LMS main station at Bethelsdorp and to carry out evangelistic work. The first property was "Wagondrift" owned by the Damant Bros, and although the town was planned for 250 families it started with 25 families. The first inhabitants consisted of a large number of Khoi, a few Mfengos, a few farmers and mixed "Gamtouer" descendants.
The LMS founded the station in 1822, terminated it in 1875 and in 1876 it became independent from the LMS. It became a Congregational Church; the first trustees of the LMS were the Rev. William Alers Hankey; the first missionaries were Messrs Miles, Williams the Philips' Dr John Philip was superintendent. Some of the residents were Windvogel, Abraham, Dragoonder, Scheepers, Gerts, Matroos and Kettledas; the first white farmers were Messrs. Wait, Salmon Ferreira, Stefanus Ferreira and the Damant Bros; the first irrigation scheme on the Klein Rivier was started by James Wait in 1827 and completed in 1830. It extended for 3.5 miles and he was awarded 50 cattle and the use of 50 workers. What the papers said about the opening of the scheme on the Klein Rivier: "......the course swung into action sending streams of water down its winding length....." People came from far and wide to view the spectacle and Dr Philip declared it the greatest work of its kind undertaken in the Colony. Part of this irrigation scheme forms part of the Hankey Golf Course.
The second irrigation scheme on the Gamtoos River, a provincial heritage site in Hankey today, was carried out by William Enowy Philip, the son of the Superintendent of the LMS, Dr John Philip. His inspiration was the window in the hill between Backhousehoek and Vensterhoek and was dug using pick and shovel and wheelbarrows; the length of the tunnel is 228 meters and the speed of construction was slow - about 1 to 2 feet a day. It was completed in August 1844 -- 15 months later, it was in use from April 1845 to 1970 - a period of 125 years. Note: This was the first tunnel scheme in South Africa. A tragedy: The builder of the tunnel, William Enowy Philip, drowned on 1 July 1845 in the Gamtoos River "apparently in a desperate but vain attempt to save his ten year old nephew, John Philip Fairbairn. William was only 31 years old at the time." According to the family history book, compiled by Peter Philip in 1980, "A Fifeshire Family:The Descendants of John and Thomas Philip of Kirkcaldy." In 1822 Dr John Philip, the superintendent of the London Missionary Society established a mission station on the farm Wagendrift and named it after Reverend William Alers Hankey, the treasurer of the London Missionary Society.
An irrigation tunnel constructed under direction of William Philip, the son of Dr John Philip, is today protected as a provincial heritage site. On 19 August 2002, the remains of Saartjie Baartman were laid to rest on Vergaderingskop, a hill on the edge of town; as is the case with most South African towns, there are residential areas reserved for non-white residents set up on the outskirts of the town. In the case of Hankey these are Centerton on the western edge of the town and Weston, located about 1.5 kilometres to the south-west. Hankey is located on the junction of the R330 and the R331 roads and the Avontuur Railway passes through the town. Saartjie Baartman Media related to Hankey at Wikimedia Commons
Middleton, Eastern Cape
Middleton is a hamlet in the Blue Crane Route Local Municipality of the Sarah Baartman District Municipality in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. Middleton is situated on the banks of the Fish River off the N10 road and is about 30 km south of Cookhouse. Middleton was first established in 1850 as an Anglican mission station when the Anglican Church set aside glebe land to members of its congregation, many of whom were former slaves. In 1879 a train station was built in Middleton as a layover point between larger towns; this old train station has now been converted into a pub. The Noupoort Christian Care Center owns the hamlet of Middleton; this center runs a rehabilitation center for people suffering from substance addiction. The center provides recovering addicts with jobs in maintaining the grounds and establishments of Middleton; the most notable building in Middleton is the old train station, which has now been converted into a pub. The train station was in 1879, is the oldest standing building in the small hamlet.
Another notable building is the All Saint’s United Church, a stone church first built as an Anglican congregation in 1903. The architecture of the older buildings in Middleton are distinctly Victorian the train station-turned-pub; the old station pub offers usual pub fare along with a play petting zoo for children. Next to the stone church is the Country Kitchen Padstal which serves locally made preserves and baked goods. Middleton has B&B and camping facilities such as the Hunters Lodge and the B&B at the Manor. Travellers consider Middleton a quaint stopover on their way to other attractions; the Addo Elephant and Shamwari national parks are less than an hour’s drive south along the N10 highway from Middleton. Grahamatown is an hour’s drive southeast. Two hours to the northeast are the towns Graaff-Reinet and Nieu-Bethesda, which are home to many attractions including the Camdeboo National Park, the Nieu-Bethesda Owl House, the Kitching Fossil Exploration Centre. An hours drive to the south will take travellers to Port Elizabeth and on to the Garden Route on the south coast.
Graaff-Reinet travel guide from Wikivoyage List of heritage sites in Graaff-ReinetGeorge, Western Cape Knysna Plettenberg Bay Mossel Bay Bloukrans Bridge Bungy Tsitsikamma Official website
Joubertina is a small town in the Kou-Kamma Local Municipality, Sarah Baartman District of the Eastern Cape province of South Africa. Town on the Wabooms River in the Langkloof, some 50 km north-west of Assegaaibos, 70 km south-east of Avontuur and 213 km from Port Elizabeth. Joubertina was founded and introduced into the Langkloof community in 1907. Having secured a portion of the farm Onzer, in between the villages of Krakeel and Twee Riviere, a property development was launched there under the initiative of the Dutch Reformed Church; as the sale of erven around a newly erected church building got underway in 1907, the future town was named in honour of W A Joubert, minister of the Dutch Reformed Church in Uniondale between 1878 and 1893. Joubertina is located on the R62 road in the Langkloof valley 5km west of Twee Riviere, near the western extreme of the Eastern Cape; the town has a station on the narrow gauge avontuur railway. Routes.co.za Joubertina Travel Information
Sarah Baartman District Municipality
Sarah Baartman District Municipality is situated in the western part of the Eastern Cape province, covering an area of 58 242 square kilometres. The area of the district municipality includes nine local municipalities; the seat of Sarah Baartman is the city of Port Elizabeth, although Port Elizabeth is not itself in the district. The largest languages among the 388,201 people are Xhosa and Afrikaans.. The district code is DC10; the municipality is a new, multi-ethnic administration, formed by the ANC government through the merging of the predominantly Afrikaans-speaking western part of the Eastern Cape, together with Xhosa areas near the Fish river, the English district of Albany. In 2015, Cacadu District was renamed for Saartjie "Sarah" Baartman, a Khoikhoi woman, brought to London to perform at freak shows and after death her body parts were exhibited until 1974; the renaming is part of an effort to redress marginalisation of the Khoikhoi people. The Executive Mayor of Sarah Baartman District Municipality is Khunjuzwa Eunice Kekana, the Municipal Manager is Ted Pillay.
The Sarah Baartman district covers an area of 58,243 square kilometres in the southwestern part of the Eastern Cape province. It extends to the Sneeuberge in the north; the metropolitan area around Port Elizabeth is excluded from the district, forming the Nelson Mandela Bay Metropolitan Municipality. The southwestern part of the district is marked by several ranges of mountains that run parallel to the sea, including the Baviaanskloof Mountains, the Kouga Mountains and the Tsitsikamma Mountains. In the southeastern part is the Albany region around the city of Grahamstown; the northern interior of the district is the southeastern end of the Karoo. To the west the district borders on the Garden Route and Central Karoo districts of the Western Cape. Sarah Baartman district is divided into nine local municipalities, described in the following table. After the municipal elections on 3 August 2016, the Camdeboo and Baviaans municipalities were merged to form the new Dr Beyers Naudé Local Municipality, with its headoffices in Graaff-Reinet.
This merger resulted in there being 7 local municipalities within the Sarah Baartman District. The following statistics are from the 2001 census. Election results for Cacadu in the South African general election, 2004. Population 18 and over: 252,570 Total votes: 161,399 Voting % estimate: 63.90% votes as a % of population 18 and over Sarah Baartman District Municipality Official Website
St Francis Bay
St Francis Bay is a holiday village in Sarah Baartman District Municipality in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa one hour’s drive from Port Elizabeth. On 11 November 2012 a fire destroyed 76 homes in the thatched roofed town; the building style of the village includes white painted houses with black roofs on the canals or around the golf course, or a Mediterranean building style in Santareme and Port St Francis. The Kromme River is navigable for 10 km upstream, is linked to the St Francis canals system. Whales can be spotted in the Bay from May to late October and dolphins can be seen daily on their way back and forth between the bays of Cape St Francis and Jeffrey’s Bay; the Cape clawless otter is ever present, frolicking in the waves and rock pools around Port St Francis and at Otters Landing. Bird life is abundant with over 200 species recorded in the area including the rare African oystercatcher and fish eagle. Port St Francis includes a commercial and recreational harbour, built to host the squid industry freezing vessels, as well as a small harbour resort village.
It lies in a sheltered nook of the bay and provides a safe anchorage for the boats, pleasure craft, oceangoing yachts. St Francis Field is an airpark close to the Port. Cape St Francis, a rustic fishing village, sits adjacent to St Francis Bay. Popular for surfing at Seal Point, its beautiful stretch of beach and the historic lighthouse, built in 1878. Walking trails wind along the rocky coast, through the Irma Booysen Floral Reserve, along the Cape St Francis point links it to the village of St Francis Bay. Cape St Francis is 8 km from Thyspunt, the preferred site for South Africa's next nuclear power station. St Francis travel guide from Wikivoyage Residents Association St Francis Bay St Francis Bay Webcam
Kouga Local Municipality
The Kouga Local Municipality is located in the Eastern Cape of South Africa 80 km west of Port Elizabeth, forms part of the Sarah Baartman District Municipality. Its territory includes the coastal zone between the Van Stadens River in the east and the Tsitsikamma River in the west, stretches inland towards the Baviaanskloof Mountains in the north. Regional access to the area is obtained via the N2 National Route from Port Elizabeth to Cape Town; the municipality is characterised by 3 main topographical regions: The coastal region stretches from the Van Stadens River in the east through the Tsitsikamma River in the west. This zone includes the towns of Jeffreys Bay, St Francis Bay, Oyster Bay; the coast serves as a major regional tourism attraction. The Gamtoos River Valley is characterised by wide, fertile flood plains associated with low-lying land, with steep less-fertile slopes flanking the Valley; the towns of Hankey and Patensie and Thornhill are focal points of this high-potential agricultural region.
The Humansdorp and Kruisfontein area is characterised by moderate slopes in the south, with steeper slopes towards the north and northwest. The four main rivers in the area — the Kromme, Seekoei and Gamtoos — are all tidal rivers; the Kromme River and Gamtoos River are significant sources of water supply. Ground water forms another major component of domestic water supply for towns in the Kouga region Humansdorp, Jeffreys Bay, St Francis Bay, Cape St Francis and Oyster Bay. Aquifers are utilised in the agricultural sector for irrigation of pastures. There are numerous areas of wetland adjacent on the coastal platform; these wetlands are sensitive to disturbances such as agricultural activities and development. The wetlands accommodate high species diversity, fulfil natural water purification and flood retention roles; the climate of the Kouga region is subtropical, which makes the area conducive to a range of outdoor activities and various types of agricultural production. Rainfall varies between 650 mm per year to 400 mm.
The area is described as windy. More than 70% of the population of the Kouga region lives in urban areas. Humansdorp, with over 24,000 residents, has an established infrastructure and acts as a regional service centre, supplying the surrounding agricultural communities and the coastal towns with commodities and services. Commercial and industrial activities of the region are centred in Humansdorp; the coastal towns of Jeffreys Bay, St Francis Bay, Cape St Francis and Oyster Bay are well-established tourist destinations. Jeffreys Bay has a population of over 40,000 with an annual population growth rate of 2.5% or higher, making it one of the fastest growing towns in South Africa. The urban areas of Hankey and Patensie, situated in the Gamtoos River Valley, provide important services to the surrounding high-density agriculture industry. Other settlements in the Kouga region include: Andrieskraal, Aston Bay, Gamtoos Mouth, Kwanomzamo, Ocean View, Oyster Bay, Paradise Beach, Ramaphoza Village, Sea Vista, Tokyo Sexwale and Weston.
The municipal council consists of twenty-nine members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Fifteen councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in fifteen wards, while the remaining fourteen are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. Kouga Local Municipality was formed at the time of the municipal elections in December 2000, by the merger of the earlier councils of Humansdorp, Jeffrey's Bay, Oyster Bay, Patensie and St Francis Bay; the Democratic Alliance, at the time a joint project of the New National Party and the Democratic Party, took power after the first local elections. The NNP withdrew from the DA in 2001 to instead align with its old rival, the African National Congress. During the floor crossing period in 2002, one DA councillor defected to the NNP, allowing an ANC-NNP coalition to take over governance of the municipality. Kouga remained under ANC control for the next 14 years, with the party winning a comfortable victory in 2006 and narrowly retaining power after a fought election in 2011.
In the election of 3 August 2016, the DA won a majority of seventeen seats on the council, defeating the ANC, which controlled the council. Elza van Lingen became the new mayor of the municipality, she passed away in April 2018. The following table shows the results of the 2016 municipal election; the 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places: Official website Official Tourism website Integrated Development Plan. Kouga Local Municipality. Retrieved on 5 October 2009. Official website
Post office box
A post office box is a uniquely addressable lockable box located on the premises of a post office station. In some regions in Africa, there is no door to door delivery of mail. Renting a PO box has traditionally been the only way to receive mail in such countries. However, some countries, like Egypt, have introduced mail home delivery. Post office boxes are rented from the post office either by individuals or by businesses on a basis ranging from monthly to annual, the cost of rent varies depending on the box size. Central business district PO boxes are more expensive than rural PO boxes. In the United States, the rental rate used to be uniform across the country. Now, however, a postal facility can be in any of seven fee groups by location. In the United Kingdom, Royal Mail PO boxes are little more than pigeon-holes in the secure section of a sorting office and are accessible only by staff. In such cases, the renter of the PO box will be issued with a card showing the PO box number and delivery office name and must produce this to the desk staff when collecting mail.
For an additional fee, the Royal Mail will deliver received items to the renter's geographical address. Some private companies offer similar services of renting a mailbox in a public location; the difference is that mail sent there is addressed to a street address, instead of just addressed to "PO Box CSX". The quantity of post office boxes in a station varies widely. Stations of small areas are equipped with fewer than 100 boxes, while stations in a central business district area may offer a combined quantity of over 200,000 post office boxes. Post office boxes are mounted in a wall of the post office, either an external wall or a wall in a lobby, so that staff on the inside may deposit mail in a box, while a key holder in the lobby or on the outside of the building may open his or her box to retrieve the mail. In many post offices in the U. S. the PO box lobby is separate from the window-service lobby, so that the former may be kept open for longer hours or around the clock, while the latter is locked after business hours.
In the U. S. since the 1980s, in cities and large urban areas, post offices have tended to close box lobbies overnight because of the tendency of homeless people to use them for sleeping quarters. As a result, some box lobbies are accessible after hours by customers who are provided a code to a door keypad. In addition, some post offices are located in rented facilities such as shopping malls; as a result, PO boxes can only be accessed. If a parcel does not fit in a PO box, the postmaster will leave a note advising that customer to pick up that parcel from the counter. In some post offices, a key will be left in the PO box that corresponds to a larger, locked box where the patron may pick up his or her package if a signature is not required. Most in this case, once the key is used to open the larger, locked box, the key cannot be removed again by the patron, but the door cannot be secured either. Notes will be left in the PO box in respect of cash on delivery and registered mail that has to be signed for.
In 2011, the United States Postal Service began a pilot program called "gopost" which installed larger boxes to handle package pickup from an unstaffed station. A given box can be used by multiple customers thanks to the integration of a computer which accepts a delivery code; the system uses U. S. Patent 6,690,997, issued February 10, 2004 to Michael A. Rivalto. Deutsche Post started a similar concept called a Packstation in 2001; the operated Amazon Locker, started in 2011, is a similar one-time-use pickup facility for parcels sent to and from the company. Until 2012, package delivery to USPS post office boxes was not available from private carriers like UPS, FedEx and others. In early 2012, the Postal Service introduced a P. O. Box Street Address service that allows box-holders to combine the street address of the post office where their box is located with their post office box number into a street address format. A mailing industry publication called the new service "a great service for people who have a PO Box and don't want their packages delivered to their home."
Users receiving large quantities of mail can use "locked bags", which are numbered like PO boxes. In the United States, this service is called caller service, the assigned number is called a caller number, although mail is addressed to "PO Box." Each country has its own regulations as to how one can retrieve mail at a PO Box. Some countries, such as the United States or the United Kingdom, may require one or more forms of identification. Not all countries offer locked PO Boxes. In the United States, two forms of identification are required. Many countries offer some type of PO Boxes for different uses. There are an increasing number of private companies that provide similar PO Box services to the official postal service under the guise of mail forwarding. In Namibia, PO boxes are the only form of mail delivery to private individuals. Small settlements feature a block of PO boxes for rent. In Windhoek and the only large town, blocks of PO boxes are scattered all over the city and not located at post of