Stirling Burghs (UK Parliament constituency)

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Stirling Burghs
Former District of burghs constituency
for the House of Commons
Major settlementsStirling, Dunfermline, Inverkeithing, Queensferry, Culross
17081918
Number of membersOne
Replaced byStirling & Falkirk Burghs
Dunfermline Burghs
and others
Created fromCulross
Dunfermline
Inverkeithing
Queensferry
Stirling

Stirling Burghs was a district of burghs constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1708 to 1918.

Creation[edit]

The British parliamentary constituency was created in 1708 following the Acts of Union, 1707 and replaced the former Parliament of Scotland burgh constituencies of Stirling, Culross, Dunfermline, Inverkeithing and Queensferry

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency comprised the burghs of Stirling in Stirlingshire, Dunfermline, and Inverkeithing in Fife, Queensferry, in Linlithgowshire (West Lothian), and Culross, which was an exclave of Perthshire, transferring to Fife in 1889. By 1832, the burgh of Queensferry had become the burgh of South Queensferry.

History[edit]

The constituency elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system until the seat was abolished for the 1918 general election.[1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

In 1918, Stirling became part of Stirling and Falkirk Burghs and Dunfermline became part of Dunfermline Burghs, with the other burghs being represented as part of their respective counties.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1708 John Erskine
1710 Henry Cunningham
1728 Lord Erskine
1734 Peter Halkett
1741 James Erskine
1747 George Haldane
1758 Robert Haldane
1761 Francis Holburne
1768 James Masterton
1774 Archibald Campbell
1780 James Campbell
1789 Archibald Campbell
1791 Andrew Cochrane
(from 1793, Cochrane Johnstone)[6]
1797 William Tait
1800 Alexander Cochrane
1806 Sir John Henderson, Bt
1807 Alexander Campbell
1818 John Campbell
1819 Francis Primrose
1820 Robert Downie
1830 James Johnston
1832 Archibald Primrose, Lord Dalmeny Whig[7]
1847 John Benjamin Smith Radical[8][9][10][11]
1852 Sir James Anderson Radical[12]
1859 James Caird Liberal
1865 Laurence Oliphant Liberal
1868 John Ramsay Liberal
1868 Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman Liberal
1908 Arthur Ponsonby Liberal
1918 constituency abolished

Election results 1708-1885[edit]

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

General election 1852: Stirling Burghs[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical James Anderson 431 51.2
Whig John Miller[14] 411 48.8
Majority 20 2.4
Turnout 842 76.8
Registered electors 1,097
Radical hold Swing
General election 1857: Stirling Burghs[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Radical James Anderson Unopposed
Registered electors 1,149
Radical hold
General election 1859: Stirling Burghs[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal James Caird Unopposed
Registered electors 1,224
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General election 1865: Stirling Burghs[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Laurence Oliphant Unopposed
Registered electors 1,262
Liberal hold

Oliphant resigned, causing a by-election.

By-election, 30 April 1868: Stirling Burghs[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Ramsay 565 53.4 N/A
Liberal Henry Campbell 494 46.6 N/A
Majority 71 6.7 N/A
Turnout 1,059 84.2 N/A
Registered electors 1,257
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1868: Stirling Burghs[15][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Campbell 2,201 56.7 N/A
Liberal John Ramsay 1,682 43.3 N/A
Majority 519 13.4 N/A
Turnout 3,883 88.8 N/A
Registered electors 4,372
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General election 1874: Stirling Burghs[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Campbell-Bannerman Unopposed
Registered electors 4,779
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General election 1880: Stirling Burghs[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Campbell-Bannerman 2,906 95.7 N/A
Conservative James Gibson-Maitland[16] 132 4.3 N/A
Majority 2,774 91.3 N/A
Turnout 3,038 63.2 N/A
Registered electors 4,807
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Campbell-Bannerman was appointed Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 31 Oct 1884: Stirling Burghs[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Campbell-Bannerman Unopposed
Liberal hold

Election results 1885-1918[edit]

Decades:

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General election 1885: Stirling Burghs[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Campbell-Bannerman Unopposed
Liberal hold

A by-election was called after Campbell-Bannerman accepted office as Secretary of State for War as at that time Cabinet Ministers were required on appointment to submit themselves for re-election.[17]

By-election, 10 Feb 1886: Stirling Burghs[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Campbell-Bannerman Unopposed
Liberal hold
Campbell-Bannerman
General election 1886: Stirling Burghs[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Campbell-Bannerman 2,440 62.4 N/A
Liberal Unionist John Pender 1,471 37.6 N/A
Majority 969 24.8 N/A
Turnout 3,911 74.8 N/A
Registered electors 5,228
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General election 1892: Stirling Burghs[19][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Campbell-Bannerman 2,791 62.2 -0.2
Liberal Unionist Walter Hughes 1,695 37.8 +0.2
Majority 1,096 24.4 -0.4
Turnout 4,486 80.3 +5.5
Registered electors 5,590
Liberal hold Swing -0.2

Campbell-Bannerman was appointed Secretary of State for War requiring a by-election.[19]

By-election, 25 Aug 1892: Stirling Burghs[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Campbell-Bannerman Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1895: Stirling Burghs[20][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Campbell-Bannerman 2,783 62.7 +0.5
Conservative Stuart Cunningham Macaskie 1,656 37.3 -0.5
Majority 1,127 25.4 +1.0
Turnout 4,439 73.9 −6.4
Registered electors 6,007
Liberal hold Swing +0.5

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Campbell-Bannerman
General election 1900: Stirling Burghs[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Campbell-Bannerman 2,715 56.6 -6.1
Liberal Unionist Oliver Thomas Duke 2,085 43.4 +6.1
Majority 630 12.2 -12.2
Turnout 4,800 74.7 +0.8
Registered electors 6,422
Liberal hold Swing -6.1
General election 1906: Stirling Burghs[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Campbell-Bannerman Unopposed
Liberal hold
Ponsonby
1908 Stirling Burghs by-election[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Ponsonby 3,873 60.7 N/A
Conservative William Whitelaw 2,512 39.3 N/A
Majority 1,361 21.4 N/A
Turnout 6,385 84.5 N/A
Registered electors 7,558
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General election January 1910: Stirling Burghs[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Ponsonby 4,471 64.9 +4.2
Conservative Neil Cochran-Patrick 2,419 35.1 -4.2
Majority 2,052 29.8 +8.4
Turnout 84.6 +0.1
Registered electors
Liberal hold Swing +4.2
General election Dec 1910: Stirling Burghs[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Arthur Ponsonby Unopposed
Liberal hold

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stirling Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Stirling Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Stirling Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1754-1790). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Stirling Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1790-1820). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Stirling Burghs". History of Parliament Online (1820-1832). Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  6. ^ COCHRANE (afterwards COCHRANE JOHNSTONE), Hon. Andrew James (1767-1833), of 13 Alsop's Buildings, New Road, Marylebone, Mdx. at The History of Parliament online. Accessed 8 September 2014.
  7. ^ Smith, Henry Stooks (1842). The Register of Parliamentary Contested Elections (Second ed.). Simpkin, Marshall & Company. p. 212. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  8. ^ "Leeds Mercury". 7 August 1847. p. 5. Retrieved 14 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  9. ^ Cite error: The named reference morningpost1852 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  10. ^ McCord, Norman (2006). The Anti-Corn Law League, 1838–1846 (eBook ed.). London: Routledge. pp. 55–56. ISBN 978-1-136-58447-3. Retrieved 14 July 2018 – via Google Books.
  11. ^ "Stirling (Burghs)". Bell's Weekly Messenger. 7 August 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 4 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  12. ^ "The Elections". Yorkshire Gazette. 24 July 1852. pp. 4–5. Retrieved 4 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  14. ^ "Election Intelligence". Dundee, Perth and Cupar Advertiser. 6 July 1852. p. 2. Retrieved 4 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  15. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1870
  16. ^ "Stirling Burghs Election". Dunfermline Saturday Press. 20 March 1880. p. 1. Retrieved 11 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  17. ^ a b c d Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  18. ^ a b c d e f Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  19. ^ a b Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  20. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench
  21. ^ a b c d Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  22. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Manchester East
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1905–1908
Succeeded by
Fife East
Preceded by
Rutland
Constituency represented by the Father of the House
1907–1908
Succeeded by
Honiton