Wappinger Creek is a 41.7-mile-long creek which runs from Thompson Pond to the Hudson River at New Hamburg in Dutchess County, New York, United States. It is the longest creek in Dutchess County, with the largest watershed in the county; the creek flows in a north–south direction on the eastern side of the Hudson River. The creek's source is Thompson Pond near Pine Plains, it heads southwestward towards its mouth in the Hudson River near New Hamburg. Along the way, it follows an erratic path; the initial.25 mi of the creek runs through rocky, wooded terrain. However, as it approaches the Hudson it enters the river's tidal range, has sandbars and marshes; the creek is home to numerous species, is an important spawning area for anadromous fish, which thrive in the creek between April and June. Largemouth bass, pumpkinseed, red-breasted sunfish, brown bullhead, are resident species; the creek is annually stocked with various species of trout for the purpose of recreational fishing. In Wappingers Falls, the creek forms a man-made reservoir.
Some residents and maps such as the 1867 Dutchess County Atlas refer to the creek as the Wappingers, as does the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, the National Weather Service, the Hudson River Riverkeeper. Wappinger Creek has four distinct tributaries; the tributaries are listed below from the source to the mouth, with Hunns Lake Creek being the northernmost and Little Wappinger Creek being the southernmost. List of rivers in New York Mary Flagler Cary Arboretum: Wappinger Creek Trail Wappingers Creek water level
Newburgh, Dutchess and Connecticut Railroad
The Newburgh and Connecticut Railroad the Dutchess and Columbia Railroad and affectionately "The Never Did and Couldn't", is a link in the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad system in New York state. The Dutchess and Columbia Railroad was chartered September 4, 1866, it was to run from Fishkill northeast and north to meet the New York and Harlem Railroad at Craryville. Millbrook resident, George H. Brown, was elected president; the road was promoted by New York bankers who had financial interests in the town of Washington. Several Dutchess County towns along the proposed route bonded themselves to aid in the construction of the road. Hesitation on the part of Columbia County townships to do together with the influence of some politicians in the northern section of Dutchess County, caused the promoters change the route to turn east at Pine Plains, going over the mountains to Millerton by way of Bethel and Winchells, it was extended to State Line to connect with the Connecticut Western. Construction began in 1868, teams of horses pulled wagon loads of rails to be distributed along the right of way from Little Plum Point through Matteawan, Glenham and Brinckerhoff to near Old Hopewell.
Bridges were built over Sprout Creek. After this section was in place more rails would be hauled by trains to complete the line; the line reached north to Pine Plains by July 1, 1869. Construction reached Millerton in the northeast corner of the county in November 1871. A short four-mile connecting Railroad called the Clove Branch was chartered in 1868 and opened in 1869; the CB connected with the D&C near Old Hopewell, its main purpose was to haul iron ore out of the mine at Sylvan Lake. The CB was extended another four miles and ran passenger and freight service to a few customers and an iron furnace in Clove Valley; the president was the same George H. Brown, President of the D&C RR. Operations were suspended in 1897 and it was abandoned in 1898. Traces of the Clove branch right-of-way are stillvisible west of Poughquag, NY, the iron smelter it served in Clove Valley is still standing; the Boston and Erie Railroad was formed from three separate companies: The Providence and Plainfield Railroad, chartered in June 1846, would run from Providence to the Rhode Island/Connecticut state line.
In 1849, the two Connecticut companies merged to form the Hartford and Fishkill Railroad, with a modified charter to continue past Brewster to Fishkill, New York on the Hudson River. In 1851 the Rhode Island company was merged into it; that year the first section opened, from Hartford east to Willimantic. Extensions opened east to Providence in 1854 and west to Waterbury in 1855; the HP&F went bankrupt on January 1, 1858, was run by the trustees until 1863, when it was leased by the newly formed Boston and Erie Railroad. In May 1863, the Boston and Erie Railroad was chartered to take over operations of the failed lines and continue the line west to Fishkill, New York, with a car float from there to the Erie Railroad at Newburgh. On December 1865 a number of Erie Railway men were elected to the BH&E board, placing it under partial control of the Erie; the BH&E planned to connect New England cities with a shipping terminal on the Hudson River, purchased property at Dennings Point adjacent to the Dutchess Junction starting point of the D&C RR.
In November 1868, with eleven miles of track built, D&C President George H. Brown leased the entire operation of the D&C to the BH&E, providing that D&C complete construction of the line; the D&C RR continued building the line and bought a used locomotive from a railroad in Pennsylvania naming it "Tioronda". It was a 4-4-0 wood burner, built in 1856, it arrived at Dutchess Junction on 8 February 1869. It purchased two more from New Haven; these were named "Washington" and "Pine Plains" for the towns. The chocolate brown coaches were lettered BH&E Railroad; the station at Plum Point/Dutchess Junction was not yet completed so on Monday, 21 June 1869 the first trip on the line left Fishkill Landing. They ran south along the Hudson River line to Plum Point/Dutchess Junction and ran east on the new rail line. Trains used this route for a short time in 1869. By the winter of 1869/70 the rails had reached Bangall. In November 1871 the Connecticut Western Railroad leased the short part of the D&C from the state line to the New York and Harlem Railroad at Millerton.
Using the line was the Poughkeepsie and Eastern Railroad, completed in 1872. The P&E obtained trackage rights over the part D&C line from Stissing Junction north to Pine Plains, in order to connect sections of its own line; the Putnam & Dutchess Railroad Company, was incorporated in 1871 to construct a road from the New York and Boston Railroad in Carmel to the D&C near Hopewell. On November 18, 1872 these two roads were consolidated with the D&C as the New York, Boston & Northern Railroad Company with plans to run track from New York City north into Vermont and on to Montreal; the Lebanon Springs Railroad Company and the Bennington and Rutland Railroad Company combined in 1870 to form the Harlem Extension Railroad which absorbed the Pine Plains and Albany in 1873. In 1873 the NYB&N and the Harlem Extension merged to for
New York (state)
New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. To distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes called New York State; the state's most populous city, New York City, makes up over 40% of the state's population. Two-thirds of the state's population lives in the New York metropolitan area, nearly 40% lives on Long Island; the state and city were both named for the 17th century Duke of York, the future King James II of England. With an estimated population of 8.62 million in 2017, New York City is the most populous city in the United States and the premier gateway for legal immigration to the United States. The New York metropolitan area is one of the most populous in the world. New York City is a global city, home to the United Nations Headquarters and has been described as the cultural and media capital of the world, as well as the world's most economically powerful city.
The next four most populous cities in the state are Buffalo, Rochester and Syracuse, while the state capital is Albany. The 27th largest U. S. state in land area, New York has a diverse geography. The state is bordered by New Jersey and Pennsylvania to the south and Connecticut and Vermont to the east; the state has a maritime border with Rhode Island, east of Long Island, as well as an international border with the Canadian provinces of Quebec to the north and Ontario to the northwest. The southern part of the state is in the Atlantic coastal plain and includes Long Island and several smaller associated islands, as well as New York City and the lower Hudson River Valley; the large Upstate New York region comprises several ranges of the wider Appalachian Mountains, the Adirondack Mountains in the Northeastern lobe of the state. Two major river valleys – the north-south Hudson River Valley and the east-west Mohawk River Valley – bisect these more mountainous regions. Western New York is considered part of the Great Lakes region and borders Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, Niagara Falls.
The central part of the state is dominated by the Finger Lakes, a popular vacation and tourist destination. New York had been inhabited by tribes of Algonquian and Iroquoian-speaking Native Americans for several hundred years by the time the earliest Europeans came to New York. French colonists and Jesuit missionaries arrived southward from Montreal for trade and proselytizing. In 1609, the region was visited by Henry Hudson sailing for the Dutch East India Company; the Dutch built Fort Nassau in 1614 at the confluence of the Hudson and Mohawk rivers, where the present-day capital of Albany developed. The Dutch soon settled New Amsterdam and parts of the Hudson Valley, establishing the multicultural colony of New Netherland, a center of trade and immigration. England seized the colony from the Dutch in 1664. During the American Revolutionary War, a group of colonists of the Province of New York attempted to take control of the British colony and succeeded in establishing independence. In the 19th century, New York's development of access to the interior beginning with the Erie Canal, gave it incomparable advantages over other regions of the U.
S. built its political and cultural ascendancy. Many landmarks in New York are well known, including four of the world's ten most-visited tourist attractions in 2013: Times Square, Central Park, Niagara Falls, Grand Central Terminal. New York is home to the Statue of Liberty, a symbol of the United States and its ideals of freedom and opportunity. In the 21st century, New York has emerged as a global node of creativity and entrepreneurship, social tolerance, environmental sustainability. New York's higher education network comprises 200 colleges and universities, including Columbia University, Cornell University, New York University, the United States Military Academy, the United States Merchant Marine Academy, University of Rochester, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Rockefeller University, which have been ranked among the top 40 in the nation and world; the tribes in what is now New York were predominantly Algonquian. Long Island was divided in half between the Wampanoag and Lenape; the Lenape controlled most of the region surrounding New York Harbor.
North of the Lenape was the Mohicans. Starting north of them, from east to west, were three Iroquoian nations: the Mohawk, the original Iroquois and the Petun. South of them, divided along Appalachia, were the Susquehannock and the Erie. Many of the Wampanoag and Mohican peoples were caught up in King Philip's War, a joint effort of many New England tribes to push Europeans off their land. After the death of their leader, Chief Philip Metacomet, most of those peoples fled inland, splitting into the Abenaki and the Schaghticoke. Many of the Mohicans remained in the region until the 1800s, however, a small group known as the Ouabano migrated southwest into West Virginia at an earlier time, they may have merged with the Shawnee. The Mohawk and Susquehannock were the most militaristic. Trying to corner trade with the Europeans, they targeted other tribes; the Mohawk were known for refusing white settlement on their land and banishing any of their people who converted to Christianity. They posed a major threat to the Abenaki and Mohicans, while the Susquehannock conquered the Lenape in the 1600s.
The most devastating event of the century, was the Beaver Wars. From 1640–1680, Iroquoian peoples waged campaigns which extended from modern-day Michigan to Virginia against Algonquian and Siouan tribes, as well as each other; the ai
Pine Plains (CDP), New York
Pine Plains is a hamlet and census-designated place in Dutchess County, New York, United States. The population was 1,353 at the 2010 census, it is part of the Poughkeepsie–Newburgh–Middletown, NY Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the larger New York–Newark–Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA Combined Statistical Area. The community of Pine Plains is in the town of Pine Plains. Pine Plains is located near the northern edge of Dutchess County at 41°58′43″N 73°39′40″W, in the central portion of the town of Pine Plains, it is bordered to the northeast by Shekomeko Creek, a tributary of the Roeliff Jansen Kill, which flows northwest to the Hudson River. New York State Routes 199 and 82 pass through the community. NY 199 leads west 14 miles to Red Hook. NY 82 enters the community as South Main Street turns east on Church Street with NY 199. NY 82 leads north 9 miles by a winding route to Ancram. Poughkeepsie, the Dutchess County seat, is 27 miles to the southwest via NY 82 and U. S. Route 44. According to the United States Census Bureau, the Pine Plains CDP has a total area of 2.3 square miles, of which 2.1 square miles is land and 0.23 square miles, or 9.73%, is water.
The CDP includes two water bodies, Stissing Pond and Twin Island Lake, southwest of the center of town. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,412 people, 544 households, 368 families residing in the CDP; the population density was 674.5 per square mile. There were 611 housing units at an average density of 291.9/sq mi. The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.67% White, 0.42% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.71% from other races, 1.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.42% of the population. There were 544 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.8% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.2% were non-families. 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.09. In the CDP, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, 15.6% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males. The median income for a household in the CDP was $43,548, the median income for a family was $49,844. Males had a median income of $39,896 versus $25,682 for females; the per capita income for the CDP was $23,627. About 10.1% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.9% of those under age 18 and 2.0% of those age 65 or over. Pine Plains is the location of a two thousand acre farm assembled by ice cream parlour chain entrepreneur Tom Carvel, it belongs to the Durst Organization, planning an ecologically conscienscious community