A given name is a part of a person's personal name. It identifies a person, differentiates that person from the other members of a group who have a common surname; the term given name refers to the fact that the name is bestowed upon a person to a child by their parents at or close to the time of birth. A Christian name, a first name, given at baptism, is now typically given by the parents at birth. In informal situations, given names are used in a familiar and friendly manner. In more formal situations, a person's surname is more used—unless a distinction needs to be made between people with the same surname; the idioms "on a first-name basis" and "being on first-name terms" refer to the familiarity inherent in addressing someone by their given name. By contrast, a surname, inherited, is shared with other members of one's immediate family. Regnal names and religious or monastic names are special given names bestowed upon someone receiving a crown or entering a religious order; such a person typically becomes known chiefly by that name.
The order given name – family name known as the Western order, is used throughout most European countries and in countries that have cultures predominantly influenced by European culture, including North and South America. The order family name – given name known as the Eastern order, is used in East Asia, as well as in Southern and North-Eastern parts of India, in Hungary; this order is common in Austria and Bavaria, in France, Belgium and Italy because of the influence of bureaucracy, which puts the family name before the given name. In China and Korea, part of the given name may be shared among all members of a given generation within a family and extended family or families, in order to differentiate those generations from other generations; the order given name – father's family name – mother's family name is used in Spanish-speaking countries to acknowledge the families of both parents. Today the order can be changed in Spain and Uruguay using given name – mother's family name – father's family name.
The order given name – mother's family name – father's family name is used in Portuguese-speaking countries to acknowledge the families of both parents. In many Western cultures, people have more than one given name. One of those, not the first in succession might be used as the name which that person goes by, such as in the cases of John Edgar Hoover and Mary Barbara Hamilton Cartland. A child's given name or names are chosen by the parents soon after birth. If a name is not assigned at birth, one may be given at a naming ceremony, with family and friends in attendance. In most jurisdictions, a child's name at birth is a matter of public record, inscribed on a birth certificate, or its equivalent. In western cultures, people retain the same given name throughout their lives. However, in some cases these names may be changed by repute. People may change their names when immigrating from one country to another with different naming conventions. In certain jurisdictions, a government-appointed registrar of births may refuse to register a name that may cause a child harm, considered offensive or which are deemed impractical.
In France, the agency can refer the case to a local judge. Some jurisdictions, such as Sweden, restrict the spelling of names. Parents may choose a name because of its meaning; this may be a personal or familial meaning, such as giving a child the name of an admired person, or it may be an example of nominative determinism, in which the parents give the child a name that they believe will be lucky or favourable for the child. Given names most derive from the following categories: Aspirational personal traits. For example, the name Clement means "merciful". English examples include Faith and August. Occupations, for example George means "earth-worker", i.e. "farmer". Circumstances of birth, for example Thomas meaning "twin" or the Latin name Quintus, traditionally given to the fifth male child. Objects, for example Peter means "rock" and Edgar means "rich spear". Physical characteristics, for example Calvin means "bald". Variations on another name to change the sex of the name or to translate from another language.
Surnames, for example Winston and Ross. Such names can honour other branches of a family, where the surname would not otherwise be passed down. Places, for example Brittany and Lorraine. Time of birth, for example day of the week, as in Kofi Annan, whose given name means "born on Friday", or the holiday on which one was born, for example, the name Natalie meaning "born on Christmas day" in Latin. Tuesday, May, or June. Combination of the above, for example the Armenian name Sirvart means "love rose". In many cultures, given names are reused to commemorate ancestors or those who are admired, resulting in a limited repertoire of names that sometimes vary by orthography; the most familiar example of this, to Western readers, is the use of Biblical and saints' names in most of the Christian countries (with Ethiopia, in which names were ideals or abstractions
Robert Stivers (photographer)
Robert Stivers is an American fine-art photographer. His work is collected by museums from New York to Paris and Cologne and shown in galleries worldwide. Best known for his captivating images and darkroom technique, The New Yorker describes his work as “Ghostly black-and-white images whose theatricality smartly complements their mystery.” Robert Stivers was born in California to collegiate parents. His father had received a Ph. D. in civil engineering from Stanford and had a notable career as an aerospace engineer, while his mother had graduated summa cum laude from Stanford and went on to be politically involved in California. At a young age he moved with his family to Pasadena, California where he attended Polytechnic Private School. Stivers attended the University of California in Irvine and received his B. A. in 1976 studying history. During his time at UC, he took a dance class at the Jimmie DeFore Dance Center and, after graduating, decided to move to New York City in the late 1970s to pursue a career as a dancer.
In 1980, he performed with the Joffrey Ballet in New York City in a role in Moses Pendleton’s revival of the old Dadaist ballet, Relâche. He suffered a severe back injury. Following his injury, Stivers enrolled in graduate school at New York University where he studied Arts Management, he began working at the American Ballet Theatre. After spending several years in California, Stivers decided to do something he felt was more purposeful, he began to meet photographers in his late twenties and ended up becoming an artists’ representative in Los Angeles in 1983 for commercial photographers. He still felt like his creativity was being suppressed, but took the opportunity to learn about photography, studio lighting and printing. In 1987, he took a photography class, titled “Finding your Own Vision,” at UCLA under the instruction of famous art photographer Jo Ann Callis and was inspired to pursue fine-art photography. With a new inspiration and passion in 1988, at the age of 35, he began focusing on building his photography portfolio while living in Santa Monica.
Stivers relocated to Santa Fe in 1991, where he utilized his dance background in his photographic and film work. He would use a Super 8 camera to film. Stivers said, “I'd walk around on stage with my dance unfolding and the movie camera on fixed focus.” He started to take still images of the monitor displaying his films and began to play with the framing and focus of these images. This body of work became known as ‘Series 5’ and was shown at his first solo show in New York at Yancey Richardson Gallery in 1997; these photographs are presented in his first book from Arena Editions, Robert Stivers: Photographs, released in 1997. The Village Voice describes Stivers’ images from ‘Series 5’ as “Livid figures nearly engulfed by a velvety palpable darkness that are both ominous and gorgeous. More theatrical than Bill Jacobson’s isolated-and-soft-focus apparitions, these pictures suggest spiritual visions.” Stivers’ second book Listening to Cement was published by Arena Editions in 2000. The book is composed of photographs from his ‘Series 6’ works, which included sea- and cloudscapes and architectural views, moving the viewer between indoors and outdoors.
Stivers’ third book Sestina was published by Camera Work AG in 2003. This monograph was successful and printed in 16-inch by 20-inch format; the book features rich bronze-toned prints of dream-like scenarios. Stivers’ fourth book Sanctum was published by Twin Palms in 2007; the book’s essay was written by Eugenia Parry, who describes the work as “figments of his material philosophy of escape.”In 2010, Stivers came out with a series called Craving the Seamstress, in which he photographed objects he found throughout the house of his ex-wife, whom he calls a “collector of curiosities.”His newest book, The Art of Ruin, was published by Twin Palms in the spring of 2015 with an essay by Steven Brown. Trend Magazine describes Stivers’ work as “darkly romantic images infused with a certain mystery that have made him one of our foremost contemporary photographers.” He works with gelatin platinum prints to create his unique images. Since he began shooting in 1987, he has used Hasselblad medium-format cameras to capture his captivating photographs.
In 1993 Stivers stepped away from printing clear photographs and began his unique signature process of using a focused negative, manipulated in the darkroom to create intriguing, out-of-focus, blurry images. This effect causes intentional loss of clarity to achieve sensual, dream-like works akin to early Pictorialism at the turn of the twentieth century. Stivers remarks that the photographs mirror his own process of re-creation, his distorting power reinvigorates classical tropes like nudes, sculpture and architecture. Robert Stivers’ photographs have entered such collections as those of The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles, the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, the Bibliothèque nationale de France, the Fogg Museum at Harvard University, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Brooklyn Museum of Art, the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, the Museum of Contemporary Photography in Chicago, the Museum Ludwig in Cologne. Stivers’ work is collected by some notable Hollywood names such as Ellen DeGeneres, Charlize Theron, Olivia Wilde and Donna Karan, to name a few.
Robert Stivers: Photographs. ISBN 978-0-96-572800-3 Listening to Cement. ISBN 978-1-89-204133-3 Sestina. ISBN 978-0-97-440292-5.
Moses D. Stivers
Moses Dunning Stivers was a U. S. Representative from New York. Born in Beemerville, Wantage Township, New Jersey, Stivers attended common and private schools and Mount Retirement Seminary in Wantage, he completed his education. He taught school, he engaged in mercantile pursuits in Ridgebury and in Middletown from 1855 to 1864. He resided in Goshen, New York, he returned to Middletown and became proprietor of the Orange County Press in 1868 and was one of the proprietors and editors of the Middletown Daily Press. He was appointed by President Grant as United States collector of internal revenue for the eleventh district of New York in 1869 and served until 1883, he served as delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1880. He engaged in banking, he was an unsuccessful Republican candidate for election in 1884 to the Forty-ninth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Lewis Beach and for election in 1886 to the Fiftieth Congress. Stivers was elected as a Republican to the Fifty-first Congress.
He was not a candidate for renomination in 1890. He engaged in banking, he died in Middletown, New York, February 2, 1895. He was interred in Hillside Cemetery. State Senator John D. Stivers was his son. United States Congress. "Moses D. Stivers". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress; this article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguide.congress.gov
Steven Ernst Stivers is an American politician, the U. S. Representative for Ohio's 15th congressional district since 2011, he is a member of the Republican Party, became chair of the National Republican Congressional Committee in 2017. Stivers served in the Ohio Senate, representing the 16th district, he is a Brigadier General in the Ohio Army National Guard and served active duty in Iraq as Battalion Commander until December 2005. Stivers was born and grew up in Ripley, the son of Carol Sue and Ernst Bambach Stivers. Steve is a recipient of the Eagle Scout Award. Stivers attended The Ohio State University where he earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in economics and international relations in 1989 and an MBA in 1996. While attending Ohio State he joined the Delta Upsilon Fraternity. Stivers spent seven years at Bank One, three years at the Ohio Company, two years as Finance Director for the Franklin County Republican Party and five years as a staff member in the Ohio Senate. Stivers has worked as a Series 7 licensed securities trader with the Ohio Company.
Stivers has served in the Ohio Army National Guard since 1985 and holds the rank of Brigadier General in the Logistics branch. Stivers was called to active duty while serving in the Ohio Senate in October 2004, it was that Stivers served in Iraq, Kuwait and Djibouti as Battalion Commander until December 2005. He was awarded a Bronze Star for his accomplishments as a battalion commander during Operation Iraqi Freedom. In December 2002, incumbent Republican Priscilla Mead decided to resign after only serving in the Ohio Senate for a year. Stivers was recommended by a Senate screening committee and was appointed by election of the Senate Republicans on January 4, 2003, he won re-election in 2004 to a full senate term with 58% of the vote. Stivers served in the Ohio Senate from January 9, 2003, until December 2008. Stivers sat on a variety of Ohio Senate committees, he was the Chairman of the Insurance and Labor Committee, Vice-Chair of the Finance and Financial Institutions Committee, served on the Ways and Means Committee, the Judiciary Committee on Civil Justice, the Judiciary Committee for Criminal Justice, the Controlling Board.
2008 In November 2007, Stivers announced he would run for election to Congress in Ohio's 15th District, a seat held by retiring Republican member Deborah Pryce. He won the Republican nomination and ran against Democratic Franklin County Commissioner Mary Jo Kilroy, who had nearly unseated Pryce in 2006, Libertarian Mark Noble and Independent Don Elijah Eckhart. Stivers lost by 2,311 votes, conceding on December 2008, after a long vote recount. 2010 Stivers won the Republican primary with 82% of the vote. He again faced Democratic incumbent Mary Jo Kilroy along with Constitution Party nominee David Ryon and Libertarian nominee William J. Kammerer. On November 2, 2010, Kilroy conceded to Stivers. 2012 Redistricting after the 2010 census made the 15th much friendlier to Stivers. During his first term, he represented a compact district covering all of Union and Madison counties, as well as most of downtown and western Columbus; the new map, pushed the 15th into more rural and exurban territory south and west of the capital.
Stivers ran again in 2012 against Democratic nominee Pat Lang. He was endorsed by the NRA, National Right to Life, Ohio State Medical Association and United States Chamber of Commerce. Stivers was re-elected by 76,397 votes. 2014 Stivers ran in 2014 against Democratic rival Scott Wharton. Gaining more than 66 percent of the vote, he was reelected for a third term. 2016 Stivers ran in 2016 against Democrat Scott Wharton for the OH-15 seat. Winning 66.2% of the vote to Wharton's 33.8%. BudgetStivers has voted against raising the debt limit when there was no offset or systemic reform and supports prioritizing spending in the event that the debt limit is reached, he was part of a proposal to add a balanced budget amendment to the US Constitution. Stivers voted to offset the costs of disaster relief spending through discretionary budget cuts. On December 15, 2011, Stivers introduced a bill that would alter the composition of the penny, nickel and quarter to steel, with a copper coat for the penny, which claimed to save an estimated $433,000,000 over the course of ten years.
The bill was referred to committee and was rejected, but Stivers has resubmitted it three more times, first in April 2013 again in January 2015 and in April 2017. In spite of the US Mint releasing a technical report in December 2014 for its Alternative Metals Study in which it reported that steel is an unacceptable material for US coins, Stivers has kept the wording of his bill identical to the original version, he voted to audit the Federal Reserve and its recent actions its involvement in mortgage loans. EnergyStivers supports all energy options, including green and clean coal and supports tax benefits for renewable energy usage; however Stivers opposes federal regulations on efficiency standards Gun controlStivers is a strong supporter of gun rights and opposes any limits to Second Amendment rights. He supports loosening regulations for interstate gun purchases and supports veterans registering unlicensed firearms acquired from outside the United States. National securityStivers opposed President Donald Trump's 2017 executive order to impose a temporary ban on entry to the U.
S. to citizens of seven Muslim-majority countries. He stated that "While I agree with the President that we must improve our vis
Terri Stivers is a fictional character in Homicide: Life on the Street. She was played by actress Toni Lewis. Stivers first appears in Season 5 as a detective in the Baltimore Police Department's narcotics unit collaborating with the homicide detectives in an effort to bring down drug kingpin Luther Mahoney. After Mike Kellerman kills Mahoney under questionable circumstances, the two of them and fellow detective Meldrick Lewis report the incident as a justified self-defense shooting. In Season 6, she serves brief stints in the burglary and sex crime units before transferring to homicide; the questionable shooting touches off a war between the Mahoney organization and the police department, resulting in multiple casualties on both sides. After Stivers admits that the reports were not accurate, the truth about the shooting comes out and Kellerman resigns in order to save Stivers' and Lewis' jobs. Stivers remains in the homicide unit, but when she encounters Kellerman in Season 7, she criticizes him for the effect his actions have had on the department.
She expresses her dislike of new detective Rene Sheppard's inability to control the streets and forms a friendship with Laura Ballard, a more competent member of the homicide unit. Her maternal grandmother was Trinidadian, she immigrated to the United States when she was a girl, went to college and became a teacher