The Nobel Museum is located in the former Stock Exchange Building on the north side of the square Stortorget in Gamla Stan, the old town in central Stockholm, Sweden. The Nobel Museum showcases information about the Nobel Prize and Nobel prizewinners, as well as information about the founder of the prize, Alfred Nobel; the museum's permanent display includes many artifacts donated by Nobel Laureates, presented together with personal life stories. The Nobel Museum opened in the spring of 2001 for the 100th anniversary of the Nobel Prize. According to the manifesto of the museum, the intentions are to be a “reflecting and forward-looking and spirited memory of Nobel laureates and their achievements, as well as of the Nobel Prize and Alfred Nobel.” To achieve these aims, the museum offers exhibitions, theatre plays, debates related to science. Museum exhibitions feature prominent Nobel laureates such as Marie Curie, Nelson Mandela, Winston Churchill; the Museum offers creative exhibitions such as “Sketches of science”, a photo exhibition with 42 Nobel Laureates photographed with their own sketch of their Nobel discovery.
This exhibition has been shown in other parts of the world as well, including Dubai and Singapore. For visitors who want to bring a piece of the museum home, a souvenir shop is available that contains items about Alfred Nobel and the museum. One of the most popular items is Alfred Nobel's gold medal made in dark fair trade chocolate. Another one is the Swedish “dynamite” candy, flavored with jalapeño pepper. During 2011, the souvenir shop collaborated with the artist Artan Mansouri who made paintings that symbolized Alfred Nobel’s life. Besides that, the shop offers a lot of educational toys for children, books by and about Nobel Prize Laureates, unique items only found in the Nobel Museum shop. Besides offering a Nobel Museum shop, there is Bistro Nobel featuring Nobel chocolate, Swedish cakes, lunch and dinner. At the bistro, Nobel ice cream is served as well. A perfect match with the Nobel ice-cream is the Nobel tea, served every year at the Nobel banquet. Nobel Peace Center List of Nobel laureates Nobel Prize controversies Official site
Maritime Museum (Stockholm)
The Maritime Museum in Stockholm, Sweden is a museum for naval history, merchant shipping and shipbuilding. Located in the Gärdet section of the inner-city district Östermalm, the museum offers a panoramic view of the bay Djurgårdsbrunnsviken; the building was designed by architect Ragnar Östberg and built in 1933–36. The museum houses about 900,000 photos, 50,000 objects and 45,000 drawings, all related to the sea, coast and boats, past and present. A major part of the collection, the boats, are housed in Boat Hall 2 at Galärvarvet in Stockholm; the boat collection ranges from canoes to Skerry cruisers. On the bottom floor there are, among other things, exhibits on naval history including several detailed models of 18th century ships; the second floor includes exhibits on Swedish commercial fleets. In the basement is a replica of a cabin in King Gustav III's ship Amphion, along with the original stern from the ship; the Maritime Museum is responsible for the listing of historical ships in Sweden.
Both ships and pleasure boats of historical significance can be listed. While the listing offers no legal protection or obligations, it gives the owner of the craft certain privileges; the curved building, inspired by the neoclassicist design of Olof Tempelman, acts as a background for the surrounding park where open-air concerts are held each year. It was the last major commission of Ragnar Östberg and was built on the location for the Stockholm Exhibition; as the exhibition was an important Functionalism manifestation, the museum mark the point of view of the architect in the debate the introduction of Functionalist style caused in Sweden. The central cupola is built of brick; the building houses a model workshop, wood shop, photo studio, archives and a library. In the 1970s, a film and lecture hall was added and in the 1990s a café. Outside of the museum is a bronze statue called The Sailor, a memorial to the Swedish sailors who died during World War II; the statue was made by artist Nils Sjögren in 1952.
The statue was inaugurated in 1953. Starting in 1975, open-air conserts and music festivals are held in the park in front of the museum; the annual concerts arranged by the newspaper Dagens Nyheter with the Royal Stockholm Philharmonic Orchestra are compared with, inspired by, The Proms in the Royal Albert Hall. Among the other artists who have performed at events held at the museum are Lisa Nilsson, Pearl Jam, Sarah Dawn Finer and Per Gessle. Culture in Stockholm Pictures of ship models in the museum, from visit in June 2011 High resolution photos
Östermalmstorg is a square in the district of Östermalm, Stockholm. It is known for its food market hall, Östermalmshallen, opened in 1889. Östermalmstorg was the location of the first Åhléns City department store, opened in 1932. By the square stands the controversial statue of The Meeting, showing a naked male figure bearing a piece of meat on his shoulders before a recumbent female figure, created by the artist Willy Gordon. Östermalmstorg metro station
Mikael Blomkvist is a fictional character created by Swedish author and journalist Stieg Larsson. He is a main character of Larsson's award-winning Millennium series, along with Lisbeth Salander. Larsson stated in interviews that he based many characters, including that of Lisbeth Salander, on characters from Astrid Lindgren novels. Blomkvist is referred to by his colleagues in the news media as "Kalle Blomkvist", a reference to a boy detective who appears in several of Lindgren's novels, because his first notable investigation is uncovering the hideout of a gang of bank robbers. Lisbeth Salander sarcastically refers to him by this nickname throughout the series. "Mikael Blomkvist is a graduate of the School of Journalism and had much of his professional life dedicated to revealing and report suspicious transactions in the field of banking and business," writes Larsson in the first volume of the trilogy. "It will give the typical image of guardian of the moral, facing the business world. And as such quite invite you to comment on various issues in television."
Blomkvist is an investigative journalist and co-owner of the monthly magazine Millennium based in Stockholm, Sweden. At the start of The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, he loses a libel case involving damaging allegations about billionaire industrialist Hans-Erik Wennerström, is sentenced to three months in prison. Facing jail time and professional disgrace, Blomkvist steps down from his position on the magazine's board of directors. At the same time, he is offered a freelance assignment by Henrik Vanger, the former CEO of Vanger Enterprises and patriarch of the wealthy Vanger family, to help him solve the cold case of his great-niece, Harriet Vanger, missing for 36 years and presumed dead. Blomkvist reluctantly accepts the case in exchange for valuable information Vanger claims to have that would help him in his case against Wennerström. During this time, Blomkvist meets and begins to work with Salander, whom Vanger had hired prior to investigate Blomkvist while considering him for the job; the two form an important relationship, in which each of their skill-sets prove invaluable in solving the Vanger case.
At the end of the first novel, Salander saves Blomkvist from Vanger's great-nephew Martin, a serial killer, murdering women throughout Sweden for decades. Using her phone tapping contacts in London and Blomkvist discover that Harriet Vanger is alive and living in Australia; when Vanger's information about Wennerström proves to be useless, Salander uses her computer hacking skills to get sensitive information about Wennerström, much more incriminating than what Blomkvist had in the past. With the information uncovered by Salander, Blomkvist publishes an exposé article and book that ruins Wennerström, clears his own name, propels his magazine to one of the most respected and profitable in Sweden. Salander abruptly ends their relationship at the end of the novel, after seeing him with his lover and business partner, Erika Berger. In the following novel, The Girl Who Played with Fire, two of Blomkvist's colleagues are murdered and Salander is identified as the prime suspect. Blomkvist becomes her only supporter and strives to clear her name as she wants nothing to do with him and refuses to help him in any way.
He discovers that the murders are part of an elaborate conspiracy between The Section—a faction of SÄPO, the Swedish Secret Service—and Salander's father, former Soviet spy Alexander Zalachenko, whom The Section had illegally helped to defect. He learns that Salander was raped by one of the murder victims, Nils Bjurman, that The Section conspired to have her committed to a mental hospital as a child in order to protect Zalachenko, he follows Salander to Zalachenko's farm, where he finds her near death after a confrontation with her father. He calls an ambulance. In the final novel of the original Millennium trilogy, The Girl Who Kicked the Hornets' Nest, Blomkvist risks his life researching the full extent of SÄPO's crimes, persuades his sister Annika, a lawyer, to represent Salander, cleared of the original murder suspicions, but is now charged with attempted murder and two cases of grievous bodily harm, as well as several other offences including possession of illegal weapons. With help from government prosecutors and Salander's fellow hackers, Blomkvist finds proof of the conspiracy and publishes an exposé article on the case, which results in several SÄPO agents being arrested.
Using this information, Annika clears Salander's name. Blomkvist shows up at Salander's flat that night, they reconcile as friends. In the 2015 novel The Girl in the Spider's Web, written by David Lagercrantz as a continuation of the original series, Blomkvist again appears as one of the main protagonists. In the novel, Millennium's parent company, Serner Group, is trying to push Blomkvist out as editor. Desperate for a story, Blomkvist agrees to interview scientist Frans Balder about the theft of his quantum computer technology by hackers; when Balder is murdered, Blomkvist learns that he had hired Salander to hack his company, Solifon, to find out the thieves' identities. She had found out that a criminal organization called "The Spider Society" stole the data with help from Solifon employees and a mole in the National Security Agency. Salander enlists his help in protecting Balder's autistic son, from assassins working for the Spider Society, who had murdered Balder. Blomkvist meets Salander's sister and learns from Salander's former guardian, Holger Palmgren, that she is the leader of the Spider Society.
When Camilla kills one of his reporters, Andrei Zander, Blomkvist—using information supplied by Salander—w
Sweden Solar System
The Sweden Solar System is the world's largest permanent scale model of the Solar System. The Sun is represented by the Ericsson Globe in Stockholm, the largest hemispherical building in the world; the inner planets can be found in Stockholm but the outer planets are situated northward in other cities along the Baltic Sea. The system is on the scale of 1:20 million; the bodies represented in this model include the Sun, the planets, dwarf planets and many types of small bodies, as well as some abstract concepts. Because of the existence of many small bodies in the real Solar System, the model can always be further increased; the Sun is represented by the Ericsson Globe, the largest hemispherical building in the world, 110 m in diameter. To respect the scale, the globe represents the Sun including its corona. Mercury is placed at 2,900 m from the Globe; the small metallic sphere was built by the artist Peter Varhelyi. Venus is placed at Vetenskapens Hus at 5,500 m from the Globe; the previous model, made by the United States artist Daniel Oberti, was inaugurated on 8 June, 2004, during a Venus transit and placed at KTH.
It fell and shattered around 11 June, 2011. Due to construction work at the location of the previous model of Venus it was removed and as of October 2012 cannot be seen; the current model now at Vetenskapens Hus was located at the Observatory Museum in Stockholm. Earth is located at the Swedish Museum of 7,600 m from the Globe. Satellite images of the Earth are exhibited beside the Globe. An elaborate model of the Moon is on display in another part of the museum. Mars is located at a shopping centre in Danderyd, a suburb of Stockholm, it is 11.6 km from the Globe. The model, made in copper by the Finnish artist Heikki Haapanen, is connected by an "umbilical cord" to a steel plate on the floor having an Earth image; the globe features marks that represent some typical Martian chemical elements. Jupiter is placed at the roundabout near Sky City, in Stockholm Arlanda Airport in Sigtuna Municipality, 40 km from the Globe, it is made as a flower decoration, with different flowers representing different zones of the giant gas planet.
There are plans to build a 3D model. Saturn is placed outside the old observatory of Anders Celsius, in the so-called Celsius Square, at centre of Uppsala, 73 km from the Globe. Inaugurated during the International Year of Astronomy, the model is a mat with a picture of Saturn, but will grow to crown a school planetarium at the city. In addition, several schools in Uppsala are to provide moons of Saturn: the first completed was Enceladus at Kvarngärdesskolan. Uranus was vandalized and the new model was reconstructed behind the Stora magasinet in Lövstabruk in 2012, it is an outdoor model made of blue steel bars. The rotation axis of the planet is marked in red. Neptune is located by the river Söderhamnsån in Söderhamn, a coast town with tradition of fishing and sailing. Placed 229 km from the Globe, the model is made of acrylic and, at night, shines with a blue light. Pluto and its largest moon Charon are placed near the southern of the Dellen lakes, in Delsbo, 300 km from the Globe; the lakes are thought to be formed by a meteorite impact 90 million years ago.
The two bodies' sculptures are supported by two gravelike pillars, made up with dellenite, a rare mineral formed at that place by the meteorite impact. Ixion, a dwarf planet candidate, is located at Technichus, a science center in Härnösand, 360 km from the Globe; the sculpture is an orb held by a hand with the arm. This plutino was discovered by a team. Eris is located at Umestans Företagspark, Umeå, 510 km from the Globe. Made by Theresa Berg, the golden model is inspired by the mythical story of Eris sparking a quarrel between three Greek goddesses with a golden apple bearing the inscription καλλίστῃ. Sedna, another dwarf planet candidate, is located at Teknikens Hus, a science center in Luleå, 912 km from the Globe. * The near-Earth Object Eros is located at Mörbyskolan, a school in Danderyd Municipality, 11 km from the Globe. It was modeled after Eros, the god of love; the dimensions are 2 × 0.7 × 0.7 mm. The asteroid 36614 Saltis is located at Saltsjöbaden's Kunskapsskola, a school near the Stockholm Observatory.
The asteroid was discovered by A. Brandeker in 2000, using a telescope at the observatory, the body was named after the observatory's location, Saltsjöbaden; the asteroid Vesta is located at a public secondary school in Täby. The asteroid Palomar-Leiden is located in a park in Alsike, Knivsta Municipality, 60 km from the Globe. It's not a sculpture but a dot on a map of the System, placed in front of Erik Ståhl's monumental cosmic sculptures. Halley's Comet is located in Skövde. Inaugurated on 16 December, 2009, there are four models of the comet: three placed outdoors, based on schoolchildren's drawings, plus one indoors, consisting of a laser passing through a block of glass. Comet Swift-Tuttle is placed at a science center in Karlshamn; the comet's orbit is
This article is about the Nordic Museum in Stockholm. For the Nordic Museum in the Ballard district of Seattle, Washington see Nordic Museum; the Nordic Museum is a museum located on Djurgården, an island in central Stockholm, dedicated to the cultural history and ethnography of Sweden from the early modern period to the contemporary period. The museum was founded in the late 19th century by Artur Hazelius, who founded the open-air museum Skansen. For long part of the museum, the institutions were made independent of each other in 1963; the museum was called the Scandinavian Ethnographic Collection, from 1880 the Nordic Museum. When Hazelius established the open-air museum Skansen in 1891, it was the second such museum in the world. For the museum, Hazelius bought or got donations of objects like furniture and toys from all over Sweden and the other Nordic countries. For Skansen, he collected entire farms. Although the project did not get the government funding he had hoped, Hazelius received widespread support and donations and by 1898, the Society for the promotion of the Nordic Museum had 4,525 members.
The Riksdag allocated some money for the museums in 1891 and doubled the amount in 1900, the year before Hazelius died. The present building, the design of Isak Gustaf Clason, was completed in 1907 after a 19-year construction process, it was intended to be a national monument housing the material inheritance of the nation. It was, only half-completed for the Stockholm Exposition 1897, it never was completed to the extent planned, three times the actual size, it takes its style from Dutch-influenced Danish Renaissance architecture rather than any Swedish historical models. The core of the “cathedralesque” building is taken up by a huge main hall passing through all the stories up to the roof and dominated by the enormous sculpture of King Gustav Vasa, the Swedish so called founder-king. For the construction and granite was used for the walls, while concrete was used for the roof; the museum has over 1.5 million objects in its collections, including buildings such as the Julita farm in Södermanland, Svindersvik in Nacka, Tyresö Palace in Tyresö, the chaplain farm at Härkeberga near Enköping.
The museum archive houses an extensive collection of documents and 6 million photographs dating from the 1840s until today. The museum research library contains 3,800 shelf meters of literature from the 16th century and onward. Culture in Stockholm Nordiska museet - official website
Swedish Army Museum
The Swedish Army Museum is a museum of military history located in the district of Östermalm in Stockholm. It reopened in 2002 after a long period of closure, was awarded the title of the best museum of Stockholm in 2005, its displays illustrate the military history of Sweden, including its modern policy of neutrality, of the Swedish Army. The Army Museum has been located at Artillerigården in Östermalm, since it was opened in 1879; the site has been used for military purposes since the middle of the 17th century, the main depot of the artillery was located here for nearly 300 years. The current buildings were erected during the latter part of the 18th century; the museum was first known as the Artillery Museum, changed its name to the Army Museum at the beginning of the 1930s, in order to reflect more the focus of the museum. The museum underwent a major refurbishment and opened in new, modern premises in 1943; the displays show the living conditions of the soldiers, their families and the general population during wartime and peacetime.
They include life-size figures of soldiers of past centuries, as well as scenes of the major battles of Swedish forces, military clothes and other attributes of war. The trophies and flags of armies defeated by Sweden in the 17th and 18th centuries are displayed in a special room; the museum houses a mini-exhibition about Raoul Wallenberg, the Swede who saved thousands of people from the Nazis. The Army Museum The National Swedish Museums of Military History Website of the Swedish Army Museum