Tyresö Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden on the coast of the Baltic Sea. Most of Tyresö Municipality lies within the Stockholm urban area; the first humans arrived in what today is Tyresö Municipality somewhere around the 30th century BC. It would not be until about the 7th century. There are other remnants left from this prehistoric time; the Tyresö estate has its origins in the 14th century. During the 17th century the estate was at its largest, covering nearly the entire current area of the municipality; the Tyresö Palace and Tyresö Church were built during this century. Tyresö was an important industrial centre in the Stockholm region between the 16th and 19th centuries, thanks to the watermills that could be built on the streams between the lakes; the waterwheels in the municipal arms represent the three hydropower facilities at Nyfors and Follbrinksströmmen. The industries included rolling mills, forges, paper mills, a brickworks. None of the watermills are left today.
The Uddby mill burned down in 1895, a hydroelectric power plant was built in its place, which still stands today and is the only such plant in the Stockholm area. During the early 20th century, the large land area of the Tyresö estate began to be divided into lots, summer cottages began to be built; some quite luxurious ones were built in the Brevik area. The rate of construction increased in the early decades of the century. From the 1950s onwards, the summer cottages began to be converted into year-round dwellings at a rapid pace. From the 1950s onwards, Bollmora experienced a huge expansion rate after the legislation Lex Bollmora in 1959 which allowed municipal real estate companies to operate in other municipalities than their own. A municipal centre formed in Bollmora, Bollmora Centrum, inaugurated in 1965; the Million Programme put its distinctive print on Tyresö as well Bollmora: many of the apartment building areas come from that programme. During the expansive phase from the 1950s onwards, the population of Tyresö has grown from about 5,000 to just over 44,000 at present.
The Bollmora Centrum was rebuilt in the early 1990s to be an enclosed shopping centre, renamed Tyresö Centrum. In August 1999 a large wildfire destroyed about 10% of the Tyresta National Park. There are no administrative subdivisions of Tyresö Municipality, but there are some other formal and less formal subdivisions. There are three main districts in Tyresö; this is a kind of everyday reference subdivision to refer to the different main parts of the municipality. Bollmora in the northwest — consisting of apartment buildings of about 2-8 stories high, terraced houses and detached houses and some industrial areas; the municipal centre, Tyresö centre, is located here. Trollbäcken in west — consisting of detached houses. Gamla Tyresö in the south; the eastern area consists of detached, semi–detached, terraced houses, summer cottages, a large part of which are being converted to year-round use. The Tyresö Palace and Tyresö Church from the 17th century are located here. In the south there is a large forest, containing about half of the Tyresta National Park on the Tyresö side.
Population of urban areas within municipal borders, as of 2000: Brevik peninsula: 1,556 Raksta: 537 Stockholm: 36,483 Number or inhabitants per residential area as of 2006: Bollmora: 14 861 Trollbäcken: 11 916 Krusboda: 3 773 Tyresö Strand: 3 517 Öringe: 2 536 Brevikshalvön: 2 101 Lindalen: 1 828 South/East Tyresö: 860 "Unspecified": 84 Total: 41,476 The vast bulk of Tyresö lies on the Södertörn peninsula, with some islands in the Baltic sea, of which Ägnö and Härsö are the largest ones. There are many lakes in Tyresö. In the south there is a large old forest of which a part is in the Tyresta national park, other large parts are in other nature reserves; the terrain is typical for low hills and valleys formed by the last ice age. The highest point is at 84 metres above sea level. Tyresö has a land border with Stockholm in the northwest, with Nacka in the north, with Haninge in the south, a lake border with Huddinge in the west, a sea border with Värmdö in the east and northeast. On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background was 10 283, or 21.74% of the population.
On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was 7 108, or 17.90% of the population. On 31 December 2017 there were 47 304 residents in Tyresö, of which 7 710 people were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden. Tyresö is served by the county-wide public transport system operated by AB Storstockholms Lokaltrafik. Tyresö is one of the few municipalities in Stockholm County without rail connections. Most of the bus routes connect to the Stockholm Metro at Gullmarsplan, but there are buses running directly to and from central Stockholm. Tyresö is twinned with: Cēsis, Latvia Porvoo, Finland Savigny-le-Temple, France Wejherowo, Poland Ingvar Carlsson, politician — former Prime Minister of Sweden Tony Magnusson, professional skateboarder in the 1980s and 1990s.
Sweden the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border. At 450,295 square kilometres, Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area. Sweden has a total population of 10.2 million. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre; the highest concentration is in the southern half of the country. Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats and Swedes and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is forested. Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia; the climate is in general mild for its northerly latitude due to significant maritime influence, that in spite of this still retains warm continental summers.
Today, the sovereign state of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state, like its neighbour Norway. The capital city is Stockholm, the most populous city in the country. Legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag. Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister. Sweden is a unitary state divided into 21 counties and 290 municipalities. An independent Swedish state emerged during the early 12th century. After the Black Death in the middle of the 14th century killed about a third of the Scandinavian population, the Hanseatic League threatened Scandinavia's culture and languages; this led to the forming of the Scandinavian Kalmar Union in 1397, which Sweden left in 1523. When Sweden became involved in the Thirty Years War on the Reformist side, an expansion of its territories began and the Swedish Empire was formed; this became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, ending with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809.
The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union. Since Sweden has been at peace, maintaining an official policy of neutrality in foreign affairs; the union with Norway was peacefully dissolved in 1905. Sweden was formally neutral through both world wars and the Cold War, albeit Sweden has since 2009 moved towards cooperation with NATO. After the end of the Cold War, Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995, but declined NATO membership, as well as Eurozone membership following a referendum, it is a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens, it has the world's eleventh-highest per capita income and ranks in numerous metrics of national performance, including quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic competitiveness, equality and human development.
The name Sweden was loaned from Dutch in the 17th century to refer to Sweden as an emerging great power. Before Sweden's imperial expansion, Early Modern English used Swedeland. Sweden is derived through back-formation from Old English Swēoþēod, which meant "people of the Swedes"; this word is derived from Sweon/Sweonas. The Swedish name Sverige means "realm of the Swedes", excluding the Geats in Götaland. Variations of the name Sweden are used in most languages, with the exception of Danish and Norwegian using Sverige, Faroese Svøríki, Icelandic Svíþjóð, the more notable exception of some Finnic languages where Ruotsi and Rootsi are used, names considered as referring to the people from the coastal areas of Roslagen, who were known as the Rus', through them etymologically related to the English name for Russia; the etymology of Swedes, thus Sweden, is not agreed upon but may derive from Proto-Germanic Swihoniz meaning "one's own", referring to one's own Germanic tribe. Sweden's prehistory begins in the Allerød oscillation, a warm period around 12,000 BC, with Late Palaeolithic reindeer-hunting camps of the Bromme culture at the edge of the ice in what is now the country's southernmost province, Scania.
This period was characterised by small bands of hunter-gatherer-fishers using flint technology. Sweden is first described in a written source in Germania by Tacitus in 98 AD. In Germania 44 and 45 he mentions the Swedes as a powerful tribe with ships that had a prow at each end. Which kings ruled these Suiones is unknown, but Norse mythology presents a long line of legendary and semi-legendary kings going back to the last centuries BC; as for literacy in Sweden itself, the runic script was in use among the south Scandinavian elite by at least the 2nd century AD, but all that has come down to the present from the Roman Period is curt inscriptions on artefacts of male names, demonstrating th
Alby is a suburb in Botkyrka Municipality within Stockholm. Alby has one of the 100 stations of the Stockholm metro system. Alby, a municipal area in Botkyrka, with a population of 10,000, has a high concentration of immigrants. Most of which live in the 3,000 apartments owned by the construction company Botkyrkabyggen. Around 82% of the population of Alby are of Non-Swedish background. Alby centre was renovated during the 1990s, creating a new square and more premises for entrepreneurs. During the year 2000, Alby centre has been repainted inside and Alby's only heated garage has received a substantial facelift. Additionally, two new shops were opened, the health care centre increased its activity; the convenience store makes large investments, the whole of Alby exudes a new belief in the future. Alby lies by a lake, called Albysjön. Alby invites a beautiful landscape for those who have chosen to live there. You live near by the forest and the mentioned lake. Not far from Alby lies Flottsbro, a place for fun recreation, both for winter and summer activities.
One of the better baseball fields lies in Alby, one of Europe's better softball teams practice and play in Alby. A small harbour lies in a small bay where the boats are protected from gust and waves, it has been there for a few decades now and still is a nice place to polish your boat during the spring. Alby farm has ancestry from the Middle Ages; the farmhouse is built in Empire style with a strong classic impact. The farm got its final look in 1895. 1895-1913 the inventor Lars. Among other things, he built a drum mill and a building agency in concrete, similar to a Roman aqueduct, before he moved to Hågelby gård. Botkyrka municipality bought the farm in 1947 and today carries out social administration activities on the premises; the following sports clubs are located in Alby: Konyaspor KIF
Danderyd Municipality is a municipality north of Stockholm in Stockholm County in east central Sweden. It is one of the smallest municipalities of the most affluent, its seat is located in Djursholm. The "old" rural municipality Danderyd was split up during the early 20th century, when Djursholm and Stocksund broke away in 1901 and 1910 respectively. Since 1971 Danderyd Municipality is reunified in the old boundaries; the four districts making up Danderyd are: Danderyd, Stocksund within Stockholm urban area and Enebyberg. The European route E18 stretches through the municipality, from the road bridge over the Stocksundet sea strait, north towards Norrtälje Municipality. Danderyd is served by the Stockholm public transport system through SL. There are two stations on the Stockholm metro red line: Mörby centrum. There are several stops on the narrow gauge Roslagsbanan suburban railway as well as an extensive bus network including a large bus interchange at Danderyds sjukhus; the population in Danderyd Municipality is among the most affluent in the country, having the highest median income per capita.
One of the reasons for this is the high price on real estate, which in turn is due to a restrictive policy on new developments by the municipality council. The high income of the population has enabled the municipality to maintain a low rate of taxation, but a government redistribution scheme intended to transfer money from municipalities with a better than average economic situation is one factor that has forced the local government to raise the municipal income tax somewhat in the last few years. Danderyd Municipality has the highest share of educated persons in the country. On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background was 6 402, or 19.47% of the population. On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was 4 512, or 15.16%. On 31 December 2017 there were 32 888 residents in Danderyd, of which 5 394 people were born in a country other than Sweden, divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden.
Ted Brithen, ice hockey player Hanna Stjärne, CEO, Sveriges Television Christian Lindberg and conductor Princess Sofia, Duchess of Värmland, former model and reality television contestant, wife of Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland Prince Nicolas, Duke of Ångermanland, son of Princess Madeleine, Duchess of Hälsingland and Gästrikland and Christopher O'Neill Prince Alexander, Duke of Södermanland, son of Prince Carl Philip, Duke of Värmland and Princess Sofia, Duchess of Värmland Helge von Koch and pioneer in fractals Irina Björklund, Finnish actress, born in Danderyd Tove Lo pop musician Benjamin Ingrosso singer Danderyd municipal election, 2002 Danderyd Municipality - Official site
Tumba is a bimunicipal locality and the seat of Botkyrka Municipality in Stockholm County, Sweden with 37,852 inhabitants in 2010. A part of its statistical urban area, called Rönninge, is in Salem Municipality; the population is 35,311. The Swedish krona banknotes are printed by Crane AB in Tumba. Tumba is considered a Stockholm suburb. In Tumba and Rönninge there are stations on the Stockholm commuter rail network. Tumba has a High School with 1.000 students. The Alfa Laval company was founded in Tumba by Gustaf de Laval and remains in the suburb, as does DeLaval, split from Alfa Laval in 1991. Tumba is diverse, with single-family houses. Tumba has a shopping mall, Tumba Centrum, near the railway station; the melodic death metal band Amon Amarth is from Tumba. What makes Tumba different from the communities in northern Botkyrka is that it doesn’t stem from a big farm with historic roots; the people of prehistory preferred to live close to the shores. Tumba was an inland country. That’s why traces of human activity during prehistory are rare.
The big change took place during 1755 when the bank of Sweden bought a small farm and started a papermill. Around the papermill came a community that developed with its own school and houses for the workers to live in; the next big step was taken when the railroad came in 1860. Soon afterwards a society started to grow around the stationhouse; this society had commerce, a movie theatre. A few houses from that period are still left. In 1894 ` Separator' transformed it into a farm specialized in milkprocessing, it soon became a big industry. From the beginning these three parts grew together; the communities of both the papermill and Hamra are well kept. Vretarna Tuna Nackdala Tumba Park Tumba centrum Storvreten Lövholmen Skäcklinge Kassmyra Broängen Solbo Tumba Villastad Segersjö Uttran The following sports clubs are located in Tumba: IFK Tumba FK IFK Tumba Hockey
Botkyrka Municipality is a municipality in Stockholm County in east central Sweden, not far from the capital Stockholm. Its seat is located in the town of Tumba. In 1971 Grödinge was merged with Botkyrka and in 1974 Salem was added; the Salem part was in 1983 split off again and a new Salem Municipality was formed. Botkyrka has an estimated population of 91,925; the municipality is named after a Christian missionary during the 12th century. Saint Botvid is shown on the seal and coat of arms of Botkyrka Municipality, where he carries an axe and a fish. Another remnant of Botkyrka's Christian medieval history is the Botkyrka church, made of stone. Politically the municipality is Social Democratic, that has governed Botkyrka for a long period except 3 years in the early 1990s. However, with fewer seats the party now governs together with The Green Party, The Left Party. There have been several local parties. For a long period a local party called. A party was active from mid 1980s to mid 1990s with only one purpose - to prevent the exploitation of the small airfield, F18, in Tullinge to become a commercial airport in the 1980s.
In the election 2010 a local party for the area of Tullinge got 6 seats on the agenda of separating Tullinge from Botkyrka as a separate municipality. Botkyrka has two local, newspapers called "Mitt i Botkyrka" and "Södra Sidan", they are delivered free of charge to all households. The Swedish hip hop group The Latin Kings raps about life in Botkyrka in several of their songs. In its December 2015 report, Police in Sweden placed the Hallunda and Norsborg districts in the most severe category of urban areas with high crime rates. In its 2017 report, Police in Sweden added the Fittja districts to the category; the northern and eastern parts of the municipality are in the contiguous Stockholm urban area. Tumba forms a locality of its own. Vårsta is in the central part; the southern half of the municipality is rural. Botkyrka Northern Botkyrka, has one of the highest percentages of first and second generation immigrants in Sweden. 56.4% the population has at least one parent born in another country. This makes the municipality a multi-cultural community with for example a big Syriac Orthodox Church in Hallunda and a mosque in Fittja.
In 2017, Botkyrka is one of three municipalities in Sweden with a population majority of foreign background. On the 31st of December 2017 the number of people with a foreign background was 53 827, or 58.56% of the population. On the 31st of December 2002 the number of residents with a foreign background was 35 384, or 47.04% of the population. On 31 December 2017 there were 91 925 residents in Botkyrka, of which 38 130 people were born in a country other than Sweden. Divided by country in the table below - the Nordic countries as well as the 12 most common countries of birth outside of Sweden for Swedish residents have been included, with other countries of birth bundled together by continent by Statistics Sweden. Botkyrka is served by the Stockholm public transport system. Stockholm metro has four and Stockholm commuter rail two stations within the municipality. There is an extensive SL bus network. Botkyrka is a municipality with several world-famous companies. Alfa Laval The company is a leading producer of specialized products and solutions used to heat, cool and transport such products as oil, chemicals, foodstuffs and pharmaceuticals.
The company owns significant land in Botkyrka used for development of its agricultural division. DeLaval The company is a leading producer of farming machinery. Tumba Bruk The company produces banknotes. Notably, Lars Magnus Ericsson who founded the LM Ericsson company had properties in Botkyrka, including Hågelby gård which today is used for conferences and as an excursion place with gardens, stone age village and more. Fittja Alby Hallunda Norsborg Eriksberg Tumba Tullinge Vårsta The following sports clubs are located in Botkyrka: Arameiska-Syrianska Botkyrka IF Konyaspor KIF Assyriska Botkyrka FF IFK Tumba FK Botkyrka Municipality - Official site in English Botkyrka Municipality Facts - Official facts