Stomatitis is inflammation of the mouth and lips. It refers to any inflammatory process affecting the mucous membranes of the mouth and lips, with or without oral ulceration. In its widest meaning, stomatitis can have a multitude of different appearances. Common causes include infections, nutritional deficiencies, allergic reactions and many others; when inflammation of the gums and the mouth presents itself, sometimes the term gingivostomatitis is used, though this is sometimes used as a synonym for herpetic gingivostomatitis. The term is derived from the Greek stoma, meaning "mouth", the suffix -itis, meaning "inflammation". Malnutrition or malabsorption can lead to nutritional deficiency states, several of which can lead to stomatitis. For example, deficiencies of iron, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B6, vitamin B9 or vitamin B12 may all manifest as stomatitis. Iron is necessary for the upregulation of transcriptional elements for cell repair. Lack of iron can cause genetic downregulation of these elements, leading to ineffective repair and regeneration of epithelial cells in the mouth and lips.
Many disorders which cause malabsorption can cause deficiencies. Examples include tropical sprue. Aphthous stomatitis is the recurrent appearance of mouth ulcers in otherwise healthy individuals; the cause is not understood, but it is thought that the condition represents a T cell mediated immune response, triggered by a variety of factors. The individual ulcers recur periodically and heal although in the more severe forms new ulcers may appear in other parts of the mouth before the old ones have finished healing. Aphthous stomatitis is one of the most common diseases of the oral mucosa, is thought to affect about 20% of the general population to some degree; the symptoms range from a minor nuisance to being disabling in their impact on eating and talking, the severe forms can cause people to lose weight. There is no cure for aphthous stomatitis, therapies are aimed at alleviating the pain, reducing the inflammation and promoting healing of the ulcers, but there is little evidence of efficacy for any treatment, used.
Inflammation of the corners of the lips is termed angular stomatitis or angular cheilitis. In children a frequent cause is repeated lip-licking, in adults it may be a sign of underlying iron deficiency anemia, or vitamin B deficiencies. Angular cheilitis can be caused by a patient's jaws at rest being'overclosed' due to edentulousness or tooth wear, causing the jaws to come to rest closer together than if the complete/unaffected dentition were present; this causes skin folds around the angle of the mouth which are kept moist by saliva, which in turn favours infection. Treatment involves the administration of topical nystatin or similar antifungal agents. Another treatment can be to correct the jaw relationship with dental treatment; this is a common condition present in denture wearers. It appears as painless mucosa beneath the denture. 90% of cases are associated with Candida species, it is the most common form of oral candidiasis. Treatment is by antifungal medication and improved dental hygiene, such as not wearing the denture during sleep.
Allergic contact stomatitis is a type IV hypersensitivity reaction that occurs in susceptible atopic individuals when allergens penetrate the skin or mucosa. Allergens, which may be different for different individuals, combine with epithelial-derived proteins, forming haptens which bind with Langerhans cells in the mucosa, which in turn present the antigen on their surface to T lymphocytes, sensitizing them to that antigen and causing them to produce many specific clones; the second time that specific antigen is encountered, an inflammatory reaction is triggered at the site of exposure. Allergic contact stomatitis is less common than allergic contact dermatitis because the mouth is coated in saliva, which washes away antigens and acts as a barrier; the oral mucosa is more vascular than skin, meaning that any antigens are more removed from the area by the circulation. There is less keratin in oral mucosa, meaning that there is less likelihood that haptens will form. Allergic contact stomatitis appears as non-specific inflammation, so it may be mistaken for chronic physical irritation.
There may be soreness of the mouth and ulceration. Chronic exposure to the allergen may result in a lichenoid lesion. Plasma cell gingivitis may occur, which may be accompanied by glossitis and cheilitis. Allergens that may cause allergic contact stomatitis in some individuals include cinnamaldehyde, Balsam of Peru, mercury, pyrophosphates, zinc citrate, free acrylic monomer, nickel and sodium lauryl sulfate; these allergens may originate from many sources, including various foods and drink, chewing gum, mouthwash, dental floss, dental fillings, orthodontic bands or wires, many other sources. If the substance containing the allergen comes into contact with the lips, allergic contact cheilitis can occur, together with allergic contact stomatitis; the diagnosis is confirmed by patch test, management is by avoidance of exposure to the al
The Action of 17 November 1917 was a naval battle of the First World War. The action was fought between a German U-boat and two United States Navy destroyers in the North Atlantic Ocean. Based in Queenstown, Ireland, USS Fanning and her sister destroyer USS Nicholson patrolled the eastern waters of the Atlantic Ocean, their mission was to escort convoys and rescue survivors of sunken merchant ships as well as to seek out and destroy German U-boats. While escorting the eight vessel convoy OQ-20 eastbound, the two destroyers made contact with an enemy submarine. With Arthur S. Carpender commanding, at 4:10 on 17 November 1917, Coxswain Daniel David Loomis of the Fanning sighted U-58, commanded by Kapitänleutnant Gustav Amberger, when the U-boat had surfaced to extend her periscope; the German submarine lined up for a shot at the British merchant steamer SS Welshman and immediately Officer of the Deck Lieutenant William O. Henry ordered the destroyer to make circles and engage. At 4:00 Fanning dropped three depth charges.
USS Nicholson joined in the fighting, commanded by Frank Berrien, dropped another depth charge herself. The Americans spotted U-58 when it surfaced, Fanning fired three shots with her stern gun. Nicholson struck the U-boat with at least one shot from her bow gun; the Germans unsuccessfully returned fire and surrendered at around 4:30. American fire had hit the submarine near its diving planes. Kapitänleutnant Amberger ordered the ballast tanks blown and the submarine went up. Charges knocked out the main generator aboard the Fanning. If U-58 had surfaced in a battle ready position, Fanning would have been attacked and sunk; the German submariners surrendered and Fanning maneuvered to take prisoners. That ended the action with an American victory; the Fanning and Nicholson's sinking of U-58 was one of only a few engagements of World War I in which U. S. Navy warships sank an enemy submarine; the first time U. S. ships sank a submarine in combat. Lieutenant William O. Henry and Coxswain Daniel Lommis both received a Navy Cross for their actions during their encounter with U-58.
Fanning and Nicholson continued the war escorting and patrolling the North Atlantic, making several more inconclusive contacts with German submarines. Thirty-eight of the 40 crew members of the U-58 survived to become prisoners of war in the United States. Action of 15 August 1915 Action of 4 May 1917 Action of 15 October 1917 Action of 8 May 1918 This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships; the entry can be found here. ^ "Lieutenant Commander Abraham DeSomer, USN,". Online Library of Selected Images. U. S. Naval History & Heritage Command. 13 December 2006. Http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/pers-us/uspers-d/a-dsomr1.htm. Retrieved on 2009-03-29. ^ "Tells Whole Story of Sinking U-Boat". The New York Times. December 30, 1917. Https://www.nytimes.com/1917/12/30/archives/tells-whole-story-of-sinking-uboat-destroyers-fanning-and-nicholson.html. Retrieved on 2009-03-29
Robert John Zadow known as Bob or Rob is a former first-class South Australian cricketer. Zadow abandoned a promising Australian rules footballing career by moving to England in 1976 to play as an overseas amateur for Flowery Field Cricket Club in the Saddleworth and District League, he scored over 1000 runs as a right-handed batman despite missing the first six and last six games of the season. In 1977 he returned to Flowery Field Cricket Club as a professional. From 1979/80 he started to play regular first-class cricket for South Australia and was soon chosen to captain the side. In 32 matches he scored 1472 runs at an average of 26.28 including 5 x 50s. Notable innings include a century against the touring Indian side captained by Kapil Dev and at that time he was being mentioned in the Australian press as a possible Test candidate. After retirement from state cricket he went on to play for many years for his Adelaide grade club, Tea Tree Gully Cricket Club, where he became the highest run-scorer in South Australian grade cricket history with 9318, second only now to Wayne Bradbrook - Northern Districts CC with 9619 runs.
Zadow was, until a state selector and served as South Auatralian Chairman of Selectors. He was manager of the late cricket player and coach David Hookes at the time of Hookes's death; the Rob Zadow Medal was won in February 2008 by Cameron Borgas for the final between Sturt CC and Tea Tree Gully CC. Cricinfo: Robert Zadow
The 2019 Asia Rugby Women's Sevens Series was the twentieth edition of Asia's continental sevens tournament. The series was played over three legs in South Korea and Sri Lanka; the top three teams earned qualification to the 2020–21 World Series Qualifier for a chance to earn core team status for the following World Series. The eight "core teams" qualified to participate in all series events for 2019 are: Malaysia was promoted to core team status after winning the 2018 SevensTrophy in Singapore, replacing South Korea who were relegated after finishing as the lowest-placed core team in 2018; the official schedule for the 2019 Asia Rugby Women's Sevens Series is: The tournament was held 31 August – 1 September in South Korea. All times in Korea Standard Time. Pool C Pool D Plate Cup The tournament was held 14–15 September in Huizhou. All times in China Standard Time. Pool C Pool D Plate Cup The tournament was held 28–29 September in Colombo. All times in Sri Lanka Standard Time. Pool C Pool D Plate Cup The Sevens Trophy tournament acts as a qualifier for the 2020 main series.
The nine teams participating in the 2019 tournament are: South Korea were relegated after finishing as the lowest-placed team in 2018 main series, replacing the 2018 Sevens Trophy winners Malaysia. 2019 Asia Rugby Sevens Series 2020 Hong Kong Women's Sevens
Canciones Prohibidas is the seventh studio album by Spanish hard rock band Extremoduro. It was produced by Iñaki "Uoho" Antón, recorded and published by DRO on 28 September 1998. Lyrics by Roberto Iniesta, music by Roberto Iniesta and Iñaki Antón. ExtremoduroRoberto "Robe" Iniesta – Vocals, fuzz bass, tambourine... Iñaki "Uoho" Antón – Guitar, piano, trombone, percussion instrument, backing vocals... José Ignacio Cantera – DrumsAdditional personnelMikel Irazoki – Bass Arkadiusz Tomasz Czyzewski – Violin Iwona Przyzecka – Violin Iwona Skrzypczak – Viola Jurek Andrzejczak – Cello Carlos "Alma" Almaguer Torres – Percussion instrument Joseba Molina "Canario" – Bandurria and laúd Garikoitz Badiola "Gari" – Trombone Patxi Urtxegi – Trumpet and flugelhorn Extremoduro official website
SOTUS S: The Series is a Thai LGBT series produced by GMMTV, which serves as the sequel of SOTUS: The Series. It aired on December 9, 2017 on GMM One and ended on March 10, 2018, it was directed by Jane Botta and stars Singto Prachaya Ruangroj and Krist Perawat Sangpotirat. Like its prequel, it was based on a novel of the same name by Bittersweet. A special episode, shown in Our Skyy, an anthology series, serves as its sequel. Fast forward 2 years from the events in SOTUS: The Series. During Kongpob's final year, he needs to find an internship company and requests to work alongside with Arthit over his family's company, unbeknownst to Arthit. After an outing with the company, tensions rise between the two, both will have to decide their future. Singto Prachaya Ruangroj as Kongpob Suthilak Krist Perawat Sangpotirat as Arthit Rojnapat Oaujun Korn Khunatipapisiri as Tew Fiat Pattadon Janngeon as Dae Nammon Krittanai Arsalprakit as Nai Guy Sivakorn Lertchoochot as Yong New Thitipoom Techaapaikhun as Em Neen Suwanamas as May Kan Kunchanuj Kengkarnka as Todd Oranicha Krinchai as Earth Puimek Napasorn Weerayuttvilai as Khao Fang Nicky Nachat Juntapun as John Gun Korawit Boonsri as Cherry Ampere Suttatip Wutchaipradit as Som-oh Gun Chanagun Arpornsutinan as Prem Off Jumpol Adulkittiporn as Bright Wawa Maripha Siripool as Maprang Ice Ittikorn Kraicharoen as Knot Natthawaranthorn Khamchoo as Tutah Jan Ployshompoo Supasap as Praepailin Prince Naradon Namboonjit as Oak Ten Nararak Jaibumrung as Durian GMMTV official website SOTUS S: The Series on LineTV